Polaris solar network on September 25 news review

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar network on September 25, news, renewable energy quota of the assessment of the draft disclosure (graphics and text), the rise is expected to reverse in the future assault on polycrystalline, monocrystalline photovoltaic joint PV terminate the cooperation agreement with GCL-why does drift away? And so on, as follows:

Renewable energy quota of the assessment of the draft disclosure (graphic)

Monocrystalline PV’s rise is expected to reverse in the future attacks of polycrystalline

Combined PV terminate the cooperation agreement with GCL-why does drift away?

Tianhua chaori solar collaboration “withdraw its role” the United States listing

Distributed PV fueling demand single crystal

Han affected by the moratorium in micromachined polysilicon plant OCI to target overseas markets

Zhejiang first PV PV investment fund distributed an hour lasts ushered in the “first spring”

Quality has become our PV industry development key

11 photovoltaic project in Shijiazhuang city selected for the province’s annual construction plans

Photovoltaic central air-conditioning why “no electricity”?

Renewable energy consumption index will be around double PV unprecedented “feast”

Of the old West red PV bis

How much solar fire?

Polaris solar PV NET weekly Hots collection (9.19-9.25)

Polaris solar PV net news: policy

1. renewable energy quota of the assessment of the draft disclosure (graphic)

On September 24, the reporter was informed that the renewable energy quota system after the amendments introduced soon, and Director of the Office will mainly make three points: first, Eastern regions should shoulder more responsibility of development of renewable energy, increased quotas in the eastern part; the second is to strengthen the power grid enterprises assume responsibility for complete quota; quota is divided into basic and advanced indicators three levels assessment.

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2. distributed PV power generation projects, Guangzhou, incentives and assistance fund management approach (draft for soliciting opinions)

As a follow-up to the several opinions of the State Council on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry spirit of accelerating the city’s solar PV application, guide the whole society to establish the idea of green and low-carbon development, mobilizing the whole society to participate in construction of green energy systems, distributed PV power generation projects of special incentives and benefits money management approach.

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3. National Energy Board start a distributed power grid acquisition and implementation of subsidy special supervision

Issued pursuant to the National Energy Board on the second half of 2014 arranged by priority notification of special supervision plan, on September 15, the National Energy Board held in Shijiazhuang, Hebei province, distributed power grid to the takeover and subsidies implemented special boot, full deployment of a distributed power grid acquisition and implementation of subsidy special supervision.

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Market

1. “green” performance appraisal under the solar opportunity

Distributed PV has high hopes for the National Energy Board, or in the “green” performance evaluation under the background of usher in a local government initiative to make a difference. Is foreseeable, under the baton of acrual, local governments will foster the development of PV application for some time, especially those who has not previously been issued supporting measures in the provinces.

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2. the new fragment energy revolution next big opportunity

11th National People’s Congress Standing Committee Vice-Chairman Lu Yongxiang, President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the original 2014 zheshang Conference predicted that “future 30-40 will be a time of significant adjustment of energy structure will be mainly from chemical energy-intensive modes of supply, mainly into renewable distributed energy resources. Energy industry is a big industry, basic industries, is also an innovation industries, much can be achieved. ”

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3. PV sky-high “flagging” debate

More than a month ago, Yingli, Trina photovoltaic giant Yunnan property rights Exchange has embarked on an intense bidding war, to Yunnan a photovoltaic power station of “flagging”. On bid day, Gao jifan, Chairman of SkyTeam duzhen personally, while Miao Liansheng, Chairman of Yingli is not to appear in person. “Saw Gao, TRW is bound to win. “A person involved in the bidding process said. This newspaper was informed that Yun Ye new energy 90% equity reserve price of 146.5 million dollars. After both sides nearly 50 rounds after the quote, TRW, eventually won more than 240 million Yuan.

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4. PV of “financial” property building boom

Photovoltaic industry are bracing for a new round of spring, this time focused on the construction of photovoltaic power plant. So far this year, Jiawei shares, China fangda group, Rainbow finish and a number of private listed companies have announced big foray into photovoltaic power plant construction and operation areas.

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5. Zhejiang first PV PV investment fund distributed an hour lasts ushered in the “first spring”

Recently, Zhejiang successfully launched the baby a PV – sunshine first Fund, the Fund is the first photovoltaic facility in the province, sold for just one hour.

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6. China PV shipments in the second quarter “blowout” 71% per cent of total global shipments

Reporter received a photovoltaic research NPDSolarbuzz a few days ago, according to a research report in 2014, shipments in the second quarter the biggest global top six component makers are Chinese companies. And those among the first echelon of the Chinese PV module manufacturers in the second quarter of 2014 component shipments reached 5.2GW and 26% more than a quarter, accounted for the world’s top 20 largest component manufacturers shipments of nearly three-fourths (71%).

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Comments

1. monocrystalline PV’s rise is expected to reverse in the future attacks of polycrystalline

Polycrystalline PV with cost advantages over the past few years, has gradually become the mainstream of photovoltaic applications. But this year, the investment enthusiasm for Crystal chain heats up. Along with Crystal Enterprise continuous breakthrough in cost control and product conversion rates, as well as crystals distributed in photovoltaic power generation application, single crystal on track for future multi-Crystal counter these attacks.

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2. the polysilicon: good cannot forget the pain

As global PV industry needs to speed up, polycrystalline silicon market will gradually pick up and regain confidence of domestic enterprises have production expansion and larger are under construction or proposed projects are emerging, mania struck again. In this regard, industry experts advise enterprises: polysilicon industry “with a view to rivers” in full swing, but not forgotten, “old wounds” of pain, or they may once again enters a new round of this difficult period.

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3. how much solar fire?

Today’s solar industry has more fire? In addition to national policy is positive constant, solar energy giants are investing heavily in solar energy market, demand outside, its huge market potential and many more. Buffett in June of this year hit $ 30 billion under investing heavily in solar energy and wind energy industry on attraction of new energy at the news of a splash.

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4. solar air conditioning why “no electricity”?

Solar direct-drive variable frequency centrifuge systems “working in solar air conditioning mode and bidirectional mode of power supply, the use of electrical energy from photovoltaic systems without the municipal power supply. To be highlighted is that this PV direct-drive variable frequency centrifuge system was implemented “no electricity” works, rather than simply “no electricity” to run.

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5. consideration on development of PV industry in support of the Customs and trade

China PV industry to achieve true development, the transformation of development mode, establish appropriate technical system for industrial development, continuous innovation and development ability. As the entry and exit of the Customs Oversight Department, should give full play to advantage of heating and cooling time enterprises and master data, provide facilitation of customs clearance for the development of photovoltaic industry and put forward policy proposals.

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Enterprise

1. suspected not of first shunfeng photovoltaic building Ningxia is called suspension

The reporter was informed that the Changzhou shunfeng photovoltaic PV starts this year as the first ground power station project of Ningxia pingluo project, was due to “Fund does not pay the Government land”, “not of first building”, suspended by a local land and resources Bureau and related government departments. The total project planning 130MW, a total investment of nearly 500 million Yuan.

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2. combined PV terminate the cooperation agreement with GCL-why does drift away?

The night of September 22, combined PV said in a statement, has terminated its wholly-owned subsidiary China solar power group signed with the GCL-poly investments holdings limited 64MW of rooftop PV power station cooperation framework agreement. GCL-poly investments have combined to PV full restitution early development total cost of 23.31 million Yuan.

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3. a small-business owner orientation the PV account market scramble

Recently issued by the National Energy Board issued the notice on further implementation of distributed photovoltaic-related policies, but also for the PV market ignited a fire. However, the industry still in shackles. Funding for the majority of private enterprises in the industry, and is still the largest bottleneck.

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4. jinkosolar for the story behind the large PV investment

On July 30, jinko announced that countries open to international investment, Macquarie Infrastructure Fund of greater China, as well as new horizon capital has agreed to jinko solar photovoltaic power plant and raw materials totaled $ 225 million investment in business. Jinko solar PV development and operation of energy and raw materials of project operations and a wholly owned subsidiary of ATP power the Government has with China International, Macquarie and new horizon to sign formal purchase agreement.

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5. space electrical photovoltaic business

Spaceflight machine in terms of cells, modules, or photovoltaic power plant development and construction are the formation of a high quality and pragmatic style. The latest development of the n-type single crystal component is expected to increase generating capacity compared with conventional products by 30%, and apart from the rolling development of photovoltaic power station 400MW annually, spaceflight machine is more concerned about how to give customers the most core value: everything from solving practical problems, through value-added services as much as possible, solve financing and improving power generation in the late early.

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6.2014 “Polaris Cup” top ten photovoltaic company CREC voted hot start 160 companies compete

2014 “Polaris Cup” CREC favorite top ten photovoltaic business of the year award since its inception on September 5 by the vast number of photovoltaic companies participated. As of September 22, after screening and meet the selection criteria of the enterprises reached 160.

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Characters

1. photovoltaic figures large in the hurun rich list revealed

According to the latest of the 2014 the hurun list of the shows, 50 Ma and his family to amass wealth 150 billion won for the first time the country’s richest man. The next “Ma” who? 2014 zheshang Conference, original, CAs President Lu Yongxiang prediction: next he will appear in the new energy sector! China’s photovoltaic industry is also the birth of the next historical figures like Ma? “He” who the hell is?

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2. lihejuncheng the hurun list Black conning a local government denounces

According to the hurun Research Institute released the 2014 agile hurun list of clear water Bay in Hainan, Li Hejun, Chairman Board of the Hina group becomes a “dark horse”, following the new energy listed by Forbes once again after last year’s richest man.

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3. the “go solar”: a word created by the Solar Empire

Tesla CEO ailong·masike (ElonMusk) and United States manufacturer of solar SolarCity’s CEO lindeng·laifu (LyndonRive), two people share the same ideals–an energy storage drive global energy transition, in 2004, Mr MASKEY told Reif “go solar! “SolarCity’s initial concept was put forward. SolarCity was founded in October 2008, Mr MASKEY became the company’s largest shareholder and Director.

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4. chint Nan cunhui: this time is the most important business models

Nan cunhui, Chairman of zhengtai Group Corporation said a development of what is most important? Someone tell this business model is probably the most important. Also someone, this time may be the business model competition. Management guru Peter Drucker said, competition between enterprises nowadays is not a competition between products, but competition between business models.

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Sanjing electric PV inverter to Sri Lankan community to solar power

Polaris solar PV net news: as the PV inverter, inverter and PV pumping controller’s zero-carbon energy technology leader, sanjing electric recently announced a partnership with Sri Lanka’s State-owned enterprises “Western provinces combined consumer and marketing cooperatives limited (referred to as WESCO)” cooperation.

The project will provide around 500 families of roof-mounted solar panels annually a total of 3 million kilowatts to meet 1500 households in need. The first PV inverter will arrive in October, before November are installed. The entire project will be completed by June 2015.

Sanjing electric sales director Su Xing evaluation of the cooperation: “is proud to be certified supplier of WESCO, to contribute to environmental protection in Sri Lanka. Sanjing electric quality inverter will provide free solar electricity to the residents of these communities. ”

The EPC Chairman IsharakaPerera of the project, commented: “the sanjing electric PV inverter already occupies a considerable market in Sri Lanka. After understanding the sanjing inverter performance and first-class service, and visited the sanjing electric newly-built modern factories, in-depth understanding of the sanjing electric production technology and quality control, WESCO will choose sanjing electric as the core part of the project-and grid-connected inverter supplier. ”

Ganzhou city, Jiangxi Province: PV market space promotion way

Polaris solar PV net news: PV power generation as the emerging industries of strategic importance, to optimize the energy structure, improving the ecological environment, the development of a low carbon economy is of great significance. Since June last year the province since the million roofs solar photovoltaic power generation demonstration project was started, this form of low carbon power generation were sought after by many people. In the true benefits of the roof-mounted PV plants? Residents can enjoy what PV policy dividends? PV power applications for Ganzhou bring? For many issues of public concern, this reporter recently launched an investigation.

1. policy support lifting solar thermal

Jinling road in Ganzhou, a lot of people recognize Qiu Zhongbo home. “Look at that shiny photovoltaic installations on the roofs, I knew it was his house. ”

Last January, Qiu Zhongbo 4.8 kW rooftop solar plant built since the formal power, it is first distributed small PV power station in Jiangxi province, Qiu Zhongbo becomes “Ganzhou rooftop PV first person”.

“Photovoltaic noise-free, pollution-free power station built on the roof, not occupied land, easy maintenance. And built power plants is a one-time investment, issued not only for personal use, sell over the Internet. “Qiu Zhongbo in the electricity sector for many years, the PV benefits is clear.

As a result, as early as October of last year, of distributed solar power projects by the Government price subsidies done until he boldly Queen pay 45,000 dollars, plan to build the power station.

In December last year, while the province’s Wanjia rooftop photovoltaic power generation demonstration project, Qiu Zhongbo and installed a 5-kilowatt their roof photovoltaic power plant. This time, he received a 4 Yuan per peak watt Province Special Fund grants, actual installation costing around 30,000 yuan.

Now, when the two nuclear power stations total generating capacity reached 8200duoqianwa, Qiu Zhongbo also get power earned more than 6,000 yuan. His fingers out: “plant annual generation of approximately 5,000-kilowatt, the country with 0.42 Yuan/kWh (including tax) of subsidies for electricity, national grid electricity price in 0.475 Yuan/kWh (including tax) of the standard acquisition, coupled with the province for the one-time installation allowance works out to about 6 years to recover costs. ”

However, at the end of the first settlement when you return, Qiu Zhongbo was faced with problems. “Must go to the local tax Department, sales invoices and send invoices to Ganzhou power supply companies to settle, and before the tax authorities did not accept this kind of business experience and the basis of coordination to smooth out the invoice. ”

After this, Ganzhou power company is quickly tackled measures come into effect this year, “one-stop” services to help residents invoice on behalf of clients, normal monthly meter reading, generation revenue directly into the customer’s bank account, greatly simplifies the checkout process.

In addition, Ganzhou power company also distributed grid-connected photovoltaic power generation business has opened up a “green channel”, 20 working days to respond to access system solutions, project completion and acceptance of completed within 10 working days after incorporation and debugging, incorporations and subsequent settlement services with full and free, and took the lead in the province involving solar power low-voltage operation of the interim rules, standard photovoltaic grid-connected power generation services.

As the subsidy policies and supporting measures to improve, rooftop photovoltaic power in the city is getting hotter. At present, the city has implemented liangqiwan roof photovoltaic power generation demonstration project, completion of 309 families network. Qiu Zhongbo enthusiastically began his “PV” new schemes – add a 20-kilowatt on a roof of photovoltaic power plant.

2. the prospect though residents had concerns

As with Qiu Zhongbo, zhanggong District residents He Weiwei had focused on roof photovoltaic power generation a few years ago. Last June, the province started million rooftop photovoltaic power generation demonstration project, “time has come”, he declared in the contract gave up at the last minute.

This reporter learned that, in provincial energy Board established one of the first among the province’s 11 engineering suppliers and no Ganzhou local enterprises. After optimization, the city has identified 3 local agents, to provide complete sets of product services and installation, commissioning, incorporations and sale and other one-stop services, these agents promised the system warranty period is 5 years.

“In other words, power station just back, warranty expired. Service life of a household PV power station for more than 25 years, with longer, more prone to problems, but also face the risk of business failure. “This contradiction He Weiwei chose to wait and see,” If the product warranty can be extended to more than 15 years, I did not care. ”

He Weiwei said, at present, the domestic photovoltaic industry are “excess” phenomenon that leads to PV module falling average selling prices and profit margin is very low. Vendors (dealers) profit restrictions, often short on quality assurance and after-sale service. He hoped that the Energy Department in charge of coordinating, monitoring vendors (agents) make checks on quality and service, and let residents use with more confidence. Also expects suppliers to be local in Ganzhou enterprises more convenience, service is more secure.

In interviews, reporters found, roof rights issues into account, many people strongly support family PV, but due to the lack of suitable roof resources can only be “closed”.

“Photovoltaic roof height requirement was not high, like Villa, penthouse floor, residents of single-family houses with good installation conditions, or in a bicycle shed and a business bike shed roof installation of PV modules. “The Chief of the municipal development and Reform Commission’s energy zhuxiao-Hong said.

Already installed several rooftop PV citizens told Xinhua in an interview, said that from a return on investment perspective, promote social benefits far outweigh economic benefits of rooftop photovoltaic. Are subject to seasonal weather, generating expectations are less stable and long payback period. Second, using household electricity are more concentrated in the evening, solar power but only in the daytime, it causes dislocation of electricity and power generation, solar-powered radio and multiple streams back to the grid during the day, household use at night is actually the power supply of electricity.

All these are roof photovoltaic power generation problems faced during the promotion process, from low carbon and environmental protection, from the Government’s perspective, prospects are promising.

3. the roofing industry expectations

Photovoltaic power generation is divided into large power generating and distributing small power generating two types. Countries in these two years nearly 30 PV industry support policies, the PV market development priorities from “large ground power station” to “roof distributed power plants.” Under the new direction, from “House” the city distributed in photovoltaic applications have been driven by wind.

Sun, Xiaotian village of Adobe houses concentrated settlements and Gan rivers, ningdu County communities, rows of gleaming roof of the farmhouse cottage, 3847 PV Board continued to absorb the Sun’s energy.

River Community is the only province of Jiangxi’s photovoltaic industry construction and rural the transformation of the old Adobe houses with demonstration sites. Last August, Xiaotian village in accordance with the “invest in companies, Government help, farmers benefit from” model, the introduction of Ganzhou qiguang solar energy science and technology limited company invested 12 million yuan in building roof PV power plant in the community. Power station early this year to achieve grid, when annual output of up to 1 million-kilowatt.

“In the past to burn more than 1000 kilograms of firewood a year, not only labour-intensive and time-consuming, but also seriously damage vegetation. Now have solar power, shower, water heating, energy saving and environmental protection. “The villagers said the xiaoyiyong.

Qiguang Zhang Lianhong, General Manager, told reporters that residents built with common patterns are different, the PV energy innovation exploring a contract construction business model qiguang as contract energy management company, signed an agreement with more than more than 200 farmers, leased more than 10,000 square meters of idle roof-mounted photovoltaic power generation device, return belongs to the company. 20 years later, all his equipment free farmers, driving farmers ‘ income steadily.

With the speeding up of new towns, huge development space of photovoltaic power generation in the country are already visible. In May of this year, Jiangsu zhenfa new energy technology will be 100-megawatt photovoltaic power plant project located in the town of quannan County chengxiang town village, which will develop and construct a photovoltaic greenhouses, photovoltaic power generation, agriculture, tourism, agricultural science and technology combine, for the development of agricultural industrialization in the city to provide a new road.

Meanwhile, the roofs of public buildings such as schools, plant resources, are PV companies effectively collected. Not long ago, the domestic renewable energy industry leaders Jiangsu Icahn group innovation in 10-kilowatt campus in Nankang plans to construct a low-carbon PV science base, set low-carbon science, teaching, distributed generation as a whole, the project is currently in preparation.

In May this year, the province established provincial commercial PV project 0.2 Yuan/kWh subsidy for a period of 20, plus national 0.42 Yuan/kWh subsidy and enterprises to invest in PV industry earnings further improved, dynamic highly motivated. Believe that in the near future, “on the roof and recycling industries” is promising.

Original title: Ganzhou city, Jiangxi Province: PV market space promotion way

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“Intelligent monitoring system of photovoltaic power generation” research projects through acceptance

Polaris solar PV net news:

On September 13, and hydropower planning and Design Institute of water resources (hereinafter referred to as water and electricity Institute) in Beijing hosted the “intelligent monitoring system of photovoltaic power generation” research project acceptance. From China electric power construction Corporation, China Guangdong Nuclear solar energy development, upper Yellow River hydropower development company limited, Beijing wood software company limited, China electric power construction group in the South, East and Northwest hydroelectric investigation, design and Research Institute of experts and representatives of more than 20 people attended the meeting.

“The intelligent monitoring system for photovoltaic” hydropower Institute 2013 project, hydropower Institute, upper Yellow River hydropower development limited liability company, software company limited and Beijing wood can hydroelectric investigation, design and Research Institute of Northwest China electric power construction group limited to “common inputs and common benefit, the sharing of intellectual property rights” principle of collaborative research projects. Research Group of the photovoltaic power generation systems running reality, power plant operation and management needs, research and development of intelligent monitoring system for photovoltaic products and implementation of intelligent monitoring photovoltaic power plant equipment, and improves the efficiency of photovoltaic power generation system management and standards.

Project achieved the following results:

PV power station has been built, summarizes the domestic operation management situation and problems, combined with the demand for photovoltaic power plant construction and operation, PV smart integration solutions for the first time, completed the typical design of intelligent monitoring system for photovoltaic program.

Second, complete the research and development of intelligent monitoring system for photovoltaic products and realize PV combiner box, power inverters, tank, booster and transformation and environmental monitors and other equipment for data acquisition and real-time monitoring and intelligent analysis and processing of the collected data, realized the power of intelligent devices and sophisticated centralized control and management.

Three, photovoltaic power generation of intelligent monitor and control system using hierarchical distributed architecture and modular design, realize massive data collection, storage, analysis and processing, taking into account the different sizes of photovoltaic power plant to improve real-time performance, stability, and scalability of the system.

Four, according to the machine running the system status, network, and intelligent, programmed control over weather conditions and realization of remote fault diagnosis, treatment and closed-loop feedback systems. Through standardized, streamlined and a one-button operation, improve reliability and safety of the PV power plant.

Five, intelligent monitoring and control system in accordance with the “platform” line of thinking, intelligent control system, intelligent information management systems, optical power prediction system and video surveillance systems are integrated into “intelligent integration platform of photovoltaic power plant”, effective integration of resources, duplication of investment is reduced, realization of the photovoltaic power plant scientific management.

The project results have been Zhongwei 18 photovoltaic power plant in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region successfully applied. System performance is stable, works well, needs of dispatching system for power plant dispatching management requirements, meet the needs of property owners on the station and information management, with a wide range of promotional value.

Acceptance listened carefully to the discussion group of the expert group report, reviewed the relevant reports and information technology, watched the results show, to a careful discussion and consideration of the research results, the expert group considered that: the outcome of this project is in the domestic leading level, with higher social and economic benefits, and broad application prospects. Acceptance experts agreed the project through acceptance, and recommended strengthening the marketing of research results, and marketing and industrial development to further improve outcomes.

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Consideration on development of PV industry in support of the Customs and trade

Polaris solar PV net news: in recent years, the main export markets in Europe and America “anti-dumping, anti-subsidy” (hereinafter “double reverse”) measures, our PV trade prospects grim. To promote PV as a development of internationally competitive emerging industries of strategic importance in China so far this year, China has strongly supported the domestic photovoltaic industry by opening up new markets, and new initiatives such as increasing domestic capacity, and gradually realize the industry recovery. Premier Li keqiang pointed out, “China’s international competitive advantages of PV is a strategic emerging industries. Any industry, business, to maintain world leadership will not be easy. “Therefore, China PV industry difficulties remains serious, the Department should make full use of existing policies to support trade development of China PV.

First, development status of PV industry in China

(A) countries as internationally competitive advantages of strategic industries to promote it. As global environmental concerns and the increasing consumption of traditional energy sources, most countries of the world and new development of photovoltaic energy industry as stimulating growth, expanding employment, strategic industry seize future opportunities, developing photovoltaic industry. PV industry has always attached importance to the development of the State Council, in July 2012, the State Council issued the “Twelve-Five” of strategic industries development plan (Live Nation surveyed 2012, 28th), clearly accelerate the development of energy-saving, environmental protection, new energy, new-generation information technology 7 strategic emerging industries. In July 2013, the State Department official issued the opinions on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry to standardize the PV industry development and expansion of domestic markets, promote industrial restructuring and upgrading work does and manpower deployment. Our PV industry “Twelve-Five” programme, solar PV power target will be increased from 10GW-15GW, laid the Foundation for rapid development of PV industry in China.

(B) industrial development on the whole fluctuation trend. Development of PV industry in China has undergone rapid development, limited and gradual warming of three stages of development. 2009-2011 is China’s PV industry rapid development stage, late 2011 PV number almost 1000, PV module production capacity close to 40GW. PV industry and gradually expand the scale and degree of internationalization is growing. Industrial development is facing a supply and demand imbalance, the increasingly fierce competition in the industry, especially in Europe and “double back” policy, 2012 solar industry-wide losses. In order to encourage the development of photovoltaic industry, the State issued a series of supportive policies, in 2013, the industry and the overall situation stabilized, domestic PV market has steadily increased. In May 2013, Mr LI’s first visit European good offices central PV question, as negotiating content protection and the development of PV industry in China, and achieved success. At this point, PV power investment boom all over again, particularly in the West of PV power station construction accelerated, driving increase in shipments of PV modules, silicon vendor, service provider and product gross margin also improved, becoming the domestic photovoltaic industry, “pick up” one of the main reasons. 2014 years ago 5 months, PV product exports were 7 billion US dollars, an increase of 16%.

Second, the difficulties faced by the domestic photovoltaic industry development

(A) the US and Europe on photovoltaic products exports to China “double reverse” emerging markets open up difficult. In October 2012, the United States decided for photovoltaic cells and modules imported from China to impose anti-dumping, countervailing duties, anti-dumping duty rate for 18.32-249.96%, countervailing duty of 14.78%-15.97%, later in the form of price undertakings in Europe, restrictions on exports of photovoltaic products. July 2014, the WTO ruled that United States violations, but in June and July of this year, United States started again, “double reverse” investigation, tentative judgment on China’s exports to the United States imposed countervailing duties of 18.56%-35.21% solar products; of crystalline silicon photovoltaic products imported from China, the dumping margin is 26.33%-165.04%. The United States and Europe, “double reverse” makes China’s photovoltaic products are the main export markets have again been cold, foreign markets such as the European market was shrinking, and on China’s PV industry has “limit, limit” constraints, sharp drop in export prices. Analysts believe that the United States to China a new round of “double reverse” is expected to be the $ 203 billion impact on photovoltaic products imported from China. In addition, Australia, and India also plan for photovoltaic products in China to carry out anti-dumping, and in South America and other emerging markets in developing effectiveness has yet to be felt, leading domestic over-capacity, corporate debt ratio improved once in an industry-wide loss of position.

(B) the PV industry will also depend on international markets in the short term. Major export markets such as the US and Europe after exports, PV enterprises turned to the domestic market, expanding the sales outlet, excess capacity, but its capacity is still unable to effectively digest their excess capacity. According to statistics, in 2013 about 26GW PV module production in our country, only domestic capacity to 11GW, about 60% ‘s capacity must be turned to exports. In the case of rising international trade friction, PV manufacturers are actively seeking other breakthrough, strive to become “friends” to “partner”.

(C) less solar high-value links. PV industry chain can be divided into “the purification of silicon, wafer, solar cell production and module packaging” four links, of which Silicon purification is the core technology of the industry chain link material, have the highest profit. In General, the Silicon refining gross margin up to 80%, wafer production is about 25%, and the production of solar cells and photovoltaic module packaging profits were 18% and 5% respectively, and the whole industry chain profit an inverted triangle. Chinese PV companies mostly in the low profit of the PV module links, an intensely competitive market; mainly Silicon raw materials are imported from abroad, and more than 60% markets abroad, PV industry development is not balanced.

Figure 1: PV industry chain profit histogram

Crystalline silicon solar cell technology is mature, low threshold, short construction periods, easy to form scale economy, but as the main raw material polysilicon amorphous silicon solar cell because of the large initial investment (1000 tons and 700 million), a long construction period (2 years), high technical threshold, its growth rate is more difficult to keep pace with amorphous silicon solar cell development. In previous years to undertake substantial from Taiwan and other countries and regions did not implement the whole industrial chain of processing trade to undertake, effects of PV technology in China. And because polysilicon industry by the State of “double high” requirement for polysilicon in China was dependent on imports of this policy decision is imminent to have changed significantly.

Table 1: 2011-2014 May polycrystalline silicon material

Data sources: customs statistics

From table 1 can see, China polysilicon Silicon material imports to annually 5%-12% around of range growth, goods value declined 26%-52%, is volume increased price reduction of trend; 2011-2013, polysilicon Silicon material price is yearly declined trend, especially 2012 up price declined range larger, must degree Shang description since 2012 yilai abroad to low price sharply to China dumping polysilicon Silicon material.

C, the relevant policy recommendations and measures

In 2015, the new energy mainly as light and water will become the second largest energy supply of coal and electricity, is expected by 2035 will replace the primacy of traditional energy coal and electricity. China PV industry to achieve true development, the transformation of development mode, establish appropriate technical system for industrial development, continuous innovation and development ability. As the entry and exit of the Customs Oversight Department, should give full play to advantage of heating and cooling time enterprises and master data, provide facilitation of customs clearance for the development of photovoltaic industry and put forward policy proposals.

(A) providing efficient and convenient customs clearance facilitation measures. In May this year, the General Administration of Customs issued on several measures to support the steady growth of foreign trade, from “reform, excellent environmental burden reduction, promote industrial upgrading,” 20 in four aspects, such as measures to support the stable development of foreign trade. PV the main raw material polysilicon relies mainly on imports, photovoltaic products rely mainly on the export situation, efficient and convenient customs clearance measures on enterprises ‘ burdens and increasing benefit is significant. Make full use of regional customs integration, paperless clearance of customs cooperation, Customs seized “three ones”, such as customs reform, making good use of facilitation measures such as appointment customs passage and scope of eligible PV enterprises included in the centralized consolidated tax payment, ease the PV business tax burden and its support for China in international play an important role in the new energy market.

(B) making full use of PV industry development of customs tax.

1. encouraging the project policy. According to industry structure adjustment Guide Directory (2011 this) (Amendment) (following referred to “within funding directory”) encourages class of domestic investment project, meet PV industry development of entries main has: “solar power set hot system, and solar PV power system integrated technology development application, and inverse variable control system development manufacturing”, “wind electric and PV power complementary system technology development and application”. On domestic investment project, in approved of project with meeting lines within imports of use equipment, except domestic investment project not duty-free of imports merchandise directory (2012 adjustment) (Department tax sent surveyed 2012 Max No. 493,) and imports not duty-free of major equipment and products directory (fiscal tariff surveyed 2014 Max 2nd,) by column merchandise outside, enjoy are exempt from imports tariff of offers policy.

According to foreign investment industry Guide Directory (2011 Amendment) (following referred to “foreign directory”) encourages class of foreign investment project, meet PV industry development of entries main has: “solar production dedicated equipment manufacturing”, “new energy power equipment or key equipment manufacturing: PV power, and geothermal power, and tidal power, and wave power, and garbage power, and biogas power, and 2.5 MW and the above wind power equipment”, “new energy station (including solar, and wind, and geothermal energy, and tidal can, and Wave energy, biomass, etc) construction and operation “. For foreign-invested projects, in addition to the list of foreign-invested projects duty-free import of goods (Customs Notice 2008 65th) and the duty-free import of equipment and products catalogue (fiscal customs surveyed live 2014 2nd) listed commodities, enjoy exemption from import duties, according to levy value added tax on importation.

2. good use of science and technology development policies. According to the General Administration of customs 2007 13th bulletin, to meet the eligibility conditions of research or technology development agencies, in reasonable quantities imported within the country can not production or performance does not meet the needs of scientific and technological development shall be exempted from import tariffs and import-related value-added tax and consumption tax. The policy helps enterprises to increase investment in research and development, import related research laboratory equipment, by strengthening research and technological progress to promote PV industry.

3. it is recommended that “local directory” increase in solar industry polysilicon production equipment items. China poly silicon self-sufficiency rate is still high, polycrystalline silicon technology with advanced international level there is a large gap, United States, and Korea, the European Union and other countries and regions to China poly silicon low-price dumping, causing serious damage to China’s polysilicon industry development. Recommended in the “local directory” increase in solar industry polysilicon production equipment entry, to encourage domestic enterprises to introduce advanced production equipment, improve our polysilicon production technology, improve self-sufficiency rate of polysilicon. When the time allowed, the country refer to the nuclear power industry, specifically formulated to support preferential tax policies for the development of the photovoltaic industry.

(C) taking advantage of customs monitoring and early-warning. Customs import and export trade data can more fast reflect external economic of development status, should full played customs import and export data statistics advantage, strengthened on PV industry import and export material, and equipment, and finished of monitoring warning, through on import and export data of monitoring analysis, real reflect foreign trade situation and problem and the national related policy of implementation effect, for PV industry general planning decision provides auxiliary reference; regularly released PV industry “barometer”, better of reflect PV products of import and export status, For PV manufacturers and adjust development strategies and directions, boot capacity rationally, preventing excess capacity.

(D) supporting national PV industry entry criteria. To increase the photovoltaic industry overall level, preventing the local blind construction, recommends good manufacturing access system, industrial development will be gradually developed, with the focus on integration and optimization of the photovoltaic industry, the implementation of mergers within the industry. In 2013, the opinions on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry clearly stated to “speed up the merger and reorganization of enterprises, eliminating poor product quality, technological backwardness of production enterprises, fostering a number of strong technology research and development and market competitiveness of enterprises”. Through the coordination of upper, middle and downstream development of the industry, build a photovoltaic industrial chain integration, strict quality control of all production steps, on the entire industrial chain for continuous improvement and optimization of production processes and costs, so that a number of powerful, innovative enterprises to emerge, enhance the competitiveness of PV industry in China. By June 2014, the Ministry has twice published in line with the PV manufacturing industry standard conditions of 134 companies list. These companies in the photovoltaic manufacturing industry on new or renovation and expansion project, will have a certain degree of priority support. For PV industry development situation, customs service for its support in line with the PV manufacturing industry to regulate conditions of enterprises to establish State-level technology center, to enjoy tax preferential policies, improving upstream polysilicon refining technology and to solve the polysilicon link exhaust gas recycling, saving energy and resources.

(E) recommended the establishment of photovoltaic products testing and certification system. According to the experience of developed countries, accelerate the construction of photovoltaic power plant operations, promotion of public utilities projects, industrial projects use photovoltaic product can greatly promote the development of PV industry in the country. But PV product quality must be effectively guaranteed, also continues to strengthen research, speed up the transformation of scientific achievements, and maintain the global competitive advantage of PV industry in China. This requires the establishment of national inspection bodies and certification centre to develop batteries, photovoltaic systems, components, raw materials and other relevant mandatory standards, and strict quality control. Custom equipment needed to support PV product testing center and enjoy preferential policies, as well as in customs and exchange activities of the world advancing China’s exports of photovoltaic products in mutual recognition of regulatory processes.

(Author: Liu Sujing party member and discipline inspection team leader Feng Yunyun Haikou Haikou customs Deputy Commissioner for customs duties guzhencheng Senior Staff Member at the Haikou customs tariff)

Original title: consideration on development of PV industry in support of the Customs and trade

Two businesses in Huizhou, Guangdong province a year early adopters build photovoltaic power generation electricity for about 1.4 million Yuan

Polaris solar PV net news: “the Panel temperature 36 ° c and solar radiation 2596W/m2, 288.9KWh electricity on the day”. Yesterday’s 9:53 A.M., located in Huizhou nozzle tempo, building an Office, 5/f, product manager Guan Wujiang figures above are satisfied. As first self-built distributed enterprises of the power station in Huizhou, tempo, 10% annual electricity consumption from its own power station, save electricity about 1.4 million Yuan a year. South reporter visited yesterday was informed that at Daya Bay in Huizhou BYD Park, Jin Sun roof PV power generation projects are put into operation by the end of last year to generate electricity.

Source for both power and for research and development

Last January, tempo, was shocked to discover that many employees, the roof of the main building of the company and the company parking lot, had suddenly acquired some chip array of neatly lined up. These arrays consists of about 80 cm long, 40 cm wide, covered with a flat black wafers composed. A corner of the roof of the main building and the parking lot of the company, these chips with dense covers an area of 1000 square meters.

Above is the tempo, self distributed PV power station project, its current electricity consumption has accounted for Enterprise 10%. Distributed PV power station is located near electric owners is located, not intended for large-scale long-distance transmission of electricity, the production of power dominated by owner-occupied and the nearest, the excess electricity into the local distribution network.

Yesterday morning, the Tianbao Group 5/f of a photovoltaic power generation Exhibition Hall within the product manager Guan Wujiang South reporter, the company displayed a control computer, a little after 6 o’clock in the morning on the day to 9:30, located in the power station capacity was 288.9 degrees of tempo, the roof. Family of three average monthly electricity consumption calculation of 150 available electricity for about two months.

“: No power higher 800.9 degrees.” Tian Hong Guang-Yi, Chairman of the Group introduced in 2012, company for both power and inverter in order to test his company’s products, cost of 11 million yuan in tempo, and Zhong Kai Sai Hang Mei Tsuen, a shareholding company built 2 rooftop plants.

Private “power plants” built on top of two corporate early adopters from Huizhou to build photovoltaic power generation

Efficiency can save about 1.4 million Yuan a year tariff

“The illumination of Huizhou of Guangdong, about 3.5 hours of light a day can take advantage”, said Guan Wujiang, at present, the annual average generating capacity of the project is 1.6409 million degrees, annual savings 590.73 tons of standard coal, the annual saving 6.5637 million litres of water. “Industry is generally 0.85 Yuan per unit and so, the company can save about 1.4 million dollars a year in electricity bills”.

PV is completely zero-emission tube Wu estimates, company power station project also meet emissions 1636 tons of carbon dioxide a year. “The carbon dioxide in the field can be traded, probably more than 50 Yuan a ton. But carbon dioxide traded in Huizhou temporarily unable “.

Now using photovoltaic power stations, energy conservation and emission reduction in terms of tempo is not difficult. The roof installed components take a variety of forms, Guan Wujiang says, “the whole roof PV modules can be used to make building materials.” 5 photovoltaic power station in the company showroom, all of its approximately 100 square metres of roof using power chip. “Glass panels, which can shelter and power.”

Status: Huizhou rated photovoltaic power generation special subsidy policy

“Currently is no public to we Advisory how applications construction household of distributed PV power station”, yesterday, Huizhou sent modified Council energy management section one staff so introduced, on province within Foshan, and Guangzhou has introduced city level government subsidies household distributed PV power station, the staff said, between is introduced related policy, is because between has related industry agglomeration, “Huizhou of PV industry agglomeration degree also enough, if introduced subsidies has, are is subsidies field enterprise has”, The relevant specific subsidy plan no.

Reporters learned that Guangzhou City, Guangzhou City, drafted by the national development and Reform Commission of the measures for the management of distributed solar power projects (draft for soliciting opinions), is the building of public institutions resident individuals or units, building solar photovoltaic projects, depending on the project based on the electricity generated by the previous year, according to 0.1 Yuan per kilowatt hour standards for subsidies, which can fill a dime per kilowatt-hour. After the additional time for completion of the project for 10 years.

Foshan subvention policy is related to the municipal level. Family-owned buildings and structures in the area to install a single scale of distributed solar power projects of up to 4000 Watts and above, by 1 Yuan/w Awards, an individual project awards up to a maximum of 10,000 yuan.

Green asked

1 high efficiency? Light than in Western areas

Photovoltaic power station power chip module efficiency “good can be 18% to 19%.” With the progress of science and technology, new materials change, efficiency will improve in the future. Guan Wujiang introduced domestic conditions that light more in the Western region in Guangdong, illumination time is approximately 3.5 hours of use every day. Huizhou 4-kilowatt photovoltaic power plant for home users, can power a day by 10 degrees.

2 maintenance of convenience? In particular, Typhoon

Roof built power plants, whether these silicon wafers can be easily contaminated by dust or how to take precautions against Typhoon? Guan Wujiang, the former in Huizhou to be much better than the North, Huizhou, it often rains, rains can be washed clean of grime. In typhoon, associated station if a solid good supports are no problem.

3 How much? 40,000 dollars over 8 years back

If home users to build a station, how much space? How much? How long can return on investment?

Guan Wujiang says households in Huizhou, if over 60 square meters of the roof, might as well build a distributed solar power station. 3,000 to 5-kilowatt electricity required for the family to spend 40,000 yuan. Calculated on a 4-kilowatt power plant, “in the Huizhou power over more than 5,000 degrees per year, and 0.6 Yuan/kWh in residential electricity prices, State-subsidized 0.42 Yuan/degree, recovery of nearly 5000 Yuan a year, it is estimated that 8-year cost recovery”, said Guan Wujiang, measured service life at 25, with 16 years of future earnings.

But if industrial or commercial users to build power plants, because the price is higher, industrial users of power station 4-kilowatt, cost recovery is estimated at 8 years, while business users are only around for 6 years.

4 residents how to apply? House is too small, don’t think about it

Although, in theory, all residents can apply for the program, but in fact, domestic photovoltaic project for the roof area is required. Insiders say, 1000-watt capacity needs 7.5 square meters of the roof, 2000 watts you will need 15 sq m, and, at the moment, Villa, townhouse and single-family homes, such as remote and rural areas more suitable for distributed solar power projects, and the flat roofs of the city area is limited, and households facing shared challenges, so we cannot apply for.

As its name implies, the “rooftop PV” must have roofing resources located throughout the first floor of the building users, to complete photovoltaic systems installed in the roof, required properties and other neighbors agree. It is understood that the project area also there was a prerequisites, namely, the effective area of the sunny side of, want to know whether the installation conditions, you can find a construction unit assessment. Determined in accordance with the installation conditions, residents can go to applications in the electricity sector.

Principle

Sun chip, radiation convert DC electricity

PV is the basic principle of “photovoltaic effect”: when photon irradiation to metal, metal of an electron in its energy can be absorbed, electrons absorb energy is large enough, can overcome internal gravity do work, leaving the metal surface escape, optoelectronics, forming the initial process of converting light energy into electrical energy.

Guan Wujiang introduced over processes in solar panel plus module and other auxiliary equipment, it can form generation system. “First of all, PV modules converts the light energy to direct current, direct current through a solar charge controller for battery charging, lost battery power through a solar charge controller to off-grid inverter, inverter converts the DC power to household common alternating current. “Generating electricity available storage, or you can enter a public grid.

Original title: two businesses in Huizhou, Guangdong province a year early adopters build photovoltaic power generation electricity for about 1.4 million Yuan

Policy heater blowing out photovoltaic spring: cumulative grid-connected capacity in Xinjiang ranks

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, the National Energy Board announced first half of 2014 PV profile (hereinafter referred to as the profile). According to the profile, first half of 2014 national new PV on-grid capacity 3.3 million-kilowatt, about 100% than a year ago. Among them, the new grid-connected PV capacity 2.3 million-kilowatt, 1 million-kilowatt new distributed grid-connected PV capacity.

Reporter noted that, according to the statistics of the National Energy Board, in all provinces of the country, Gansu, Xinjiang and Qinghai cumulative grid-connected PV capacity up ahead of other provinces of the country. The national energy Administration estimated figures showed China’s great potential for development of distributed PV, national buildings installed photovoltaic power generation for about 300 million-kilowatt, 80 million-kilowatt can be installed just above the provincial level industrial park.

However, access to distributed PV “Spring” of the road will not be smooth. Expert analysis, distributed PV roof facing implementation difficulties, difficulties in access to loan financing, incorporations, tariff recovery difficult, such as an urgent issue.

And full year target gap

In 2013, China promulgated the opinions on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry, and vigorously develop distributed PV markets, higher electricity price for support in priority industrial and commercial enterprises, industrial park construction scale of distributed PV systems. Support for schools, hospitals, government agencies, public institutions, community building and promotion small distributed PV systems. Policy support, so PV transcripts worth noting in the first half of this year.

According to the figures released by the National Energy Board, first half of 2014 national new PV on-grid capacity 3.3 million-kilowatt, about 100% than a year ago, in which new grid-connected PV capacity 2.3 million-kilowatt, 1 million-kilowatt new distributed grid-connected PV capacity. When cumulative kWh photovoltaic power generation by about 11 billion-kilowatt, an increase of more than 200%.

While compared with a year earlier, the national new photovoltaic power generation grew by 100%, however, PV power generation capacity added in the first half compared with a target of the year, the gap is still very big.

At PV seminar which ended a few days ago, Energy Secretary, said Wu xinxiong, make sure all new PV on-grid capacity is over 13 million-kilowatt. If calculated in accordance with this goal, just to achieve the annual target in the first half of 25.4%.

Lin boqiang, Director of the Centre for energy economic research at Xiamen University told Xinhua in an interview today that, to complete this year’s new PV on-grid task is very difficult.

According to the Department of energy profile, distributed grid-connected PV capacity was not flashy in the first half, relative to the target of distributed PV 8 million-kilowatt, practically only completed 1 million-kilowatt. But this outbreak may portend the PV industry will usher in the second half. Wu xinxiong, also recently revealed, the National Energy Board is prepared on the further development of distributed PV issued a notice.

It is reported that this notification was completed in July for comments, have been updated and will soon be issued. This document will promote distributed PV projects, especially for the application of waste land and barren hills, beaches, ponds, building agricultural greenhouses and other solar project.

Distributed PV “East West”

Distributed PV focus is undoubtedly the future of PV industry development. According to the profile of the first half of the largest distributed grid-connected capacity of Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Guangdong today, respectively, and 700,000-kilowatt and 420,000-kilowatt, where the new distributed grid-connected PV capacity in Jiangsu province’s largest, is 270,000-kilowatt.

Despite first half of distributed PV growth areas mainly in the East, but the West still has the edge. According to the profile, today every province in the first half of grid-connected PV capacity considerably, due to the abundant natural resources in the Western region, and growth figures to be far ahead of the eastern region.

Gansu, Xinjiang and Qinghai cumulative grid-connected PV capacity up, respectively, and 4.45 million-kilowatt and 3.65 million-kilowatt. New grid-connected PV capacity in Xinjiang’s largest, reaching 900,000-kilowatt.

Western region in the future potential of photovoltaics is not small, this reporter learned that, by the end of 2013, in Gansu province, the total installed capacity of 34.8932 million kilowatts, PV installed capacity of 4.2984 million kilowatts, an increase of 1025.24%, 12.32% per cent of the province’s total installed capacity, ranking first in the country.

In 2013, the PV Unit produce 1.895 billion kWh in Gansu province, an increase of 510.15%. In Gansu province, in accordance with the “Twelve-Five” of new energy and renewable energy development plan, by 2015 PV power installed capacity will reach 5 million-kilowatt in Gansu province.

PV industry growth rate in the Western region leads the country, but the West also has abandoned the light phenomena in high growth. Special area of Gansu province, according to the National Energy Board in the first half to regulatory reporting, in 2013, the abandoned light was 110 million kWh in Gansu province, abandoned light was 5.49%.

Original title: policy heater blowing out photovoltaic spring: cumulative grid-connected capacity in Xinjiang ranks

Technology in Ningxia shizuishan 100MW PV projects announced

Polaris solar PV net news: September 24, Lee Technologies announced Li Tenghui in shizuishan in Ningxia 100MW PV technology Ltd PV cable projects in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region held a groundbreaking ceremony.

It is learned that Li Tenghui in shizuishan in Ningxia 100MW PV power plant project, due for completion in November construction, and at the same time all formalities for grid-connected operation, strive to achieve the end of 2014 grid-connected power generation. Zhongli technology PV cable project in Ningxia is expected in 2015 end of the third quarter to complete construction and equipment installation work, and strive to do pilot production by 2015.

According to the announcement, technology of optical cable business in order to meet the development needs of the group to achieve its own strategic development objectives, as well as to further explore the cable business in the Western region, invested 100 million yuan in the Ningxia Hui autonomous region, Ningxia established technology limited, accounting for 100% of its shares. Group said that after Lee put into operation in Ningxia, cable industry chain will be further optimized the company, the company’s comprehensive competitive ability will be enhanced.

Original title: technology in Ningxia shizuishan 100MW PV projects announced

Polaris solar September 23 news review

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar PV net news on September 23, the “green” performance appraisal under the photovoltaic PV shipments in the second quarter turning point, China “blowout” 71% per cent of total global shipments, distributed PV financing difficulty next year or easing depression and so on, as follows:

“Green” performance appraisal under the solar opportunity

China PV shipments in the second quarter “blowout” 71% per cent of total global shipments

Distributed PV financing difficulties next year or still available

Rules introduced some production as much further and further

Photovoltaic industry is not what it was and old problems persisted

Profit-sharing financing lease or new trends of PV plants financing

Changzhou shunfeng photovoltaic PV 500 million PV power plant dispute whether wrangling money now to account

China PV shipments in the second quarter “blowout” 71% per cent of total global shipments

Jinkosolar for the story behind the large PV investment

Non-core assets in Hong Kong-listed Guangdong nuclear power to build Hong Kong “troika”

Jiaxing city, actively promoting the development of distributed PV experience

Hareon solar acquisition 100MW solar project in Inner Mongolia before the end of the grid-connected 70MW

Bao Bao, 3rd, 2nd, the PV, PV work successfully completed the sale of

GCL-short melting subscription less than top-rated debt why not make?

Polaris solar PV net news: the overall slowdown in the economy, generating corporate bond issuance in the bond market is also facing difficulties.

A few days ago, GCL-poly co issued in the inter-bank market of 2014 second canceled due to low subscription offering short-term financing bonds. GCL-poly on September 16, issued September 19, 2014 issued amounted to 400 million yuan of GCL-poly co 2014-second part of short-term financing. However, at the time of issue, due to bookkeeping day in consultations within the territory of insufficient demand subscription, GCL-poly decided to put off once again in this issue thus short-term financing. It is understood that this short financial underwriter for China Everbright Bank.

GCL-the offering of 400 million yuan of short-term financing bonds for a period of 1 year, conducted by the credit rating companies rated AA, and debt rating to A-1, such debt rating to the highest level of the short-term bond credit rating, said that its debt-servicing ability, a high security. This stage bond funds raised by plans to supplement the company’s liquidity. Despite the high grade credit rating, but the market remained low enthusiasm for this release, which eventually led to this stage bond issue did not take place.

GCL is an investment of foreign-funded joint ventures, mainly business dedicated to country policies to encourage investment in environmental and renewable energy generation and development. Company has several coal-fired, gas-fired power generation, waste generation and wind power plants.

The GCL underbooked bond issuance, and amid fears that the current economic climate is not unrelated. In the context of slower economic growth, growth in consumption has slipped. In addition, foreign-backed enterprises are new energy PV companies. As we all know, this year, new energy has been facing greater difficulties in production and operation of enterprises, resulting high indebtedness, debt defaults have occurred, or have a large negative impact on the industry.

Is of concern, such as the GCL the highest rating on the bond markets this year issued rescheduled due to insufficient subscription issue of the event rather than the exception, had previously had a maximum rating of SMEs during prime ticket was cancelled due to lack of subscription issue of the case. Long since questioned high bond market rating and market channels for investors to fully understand the market and make their own judgment, rating function and reference value is no longer very important to investors, ratings are only one factor of investors. With the expansion of bond markets, more and more issuers, issuers need to introduce to the market more fully themselves, increase transparency, and caught the attention of investors in order to improve distribution efficiency.

Original title: Why can’t we find top rated debt? GCL-short melting underbooked rescheduled release

Technology breakthrough solar industry is new business models

Polaris solar PV net news: Shandong Texas solar energy utilization in the recently held Fourth Expo, “future house” this concept as the industry’s biggest excitement. Future house full title is “future green life enlightenment of popular Science Museum”, which is expected to become the world’s most dazzling and coolest House, micro-row will also become a zero-carbon, energy-saving environmental protection, low energy focused on the real life of the Museum.

With the “future house” of science education of universal access, “House of the future” energy use and emissions standards will promote the national energy saving standards for buildings, and related industries development concept and new changes in business models.

“House of the future is a major technology and ideas in the history of solar energy industry breakthroughs, and dramatically increase the level of integration of solar energy and buildings, did that 100 of the world’s most beautiful house plans in the future, is a miracle of human utilization of solar energy history. “” International Green organization “sponsor rural energy industry association of China, one of the original solar energy utilization, said Luo Zhentao, Director of the Professional Committee.

Popularization through new energy pathway

It is reported that “international Green organization” in the United States, National Geographic magazine in the world’s 50 most beautiful landscape provided to develop a zero-carbon emission, low energy, pure architectural model–the future Green House, in one of the first pilot project, United States Times Square, in France, the great wall of China, Eiffel Tower, the Sydney Opera House, such as bird’s nest and the Texas Sun Valley became one of the first houses of the future pilot.

Sun Valley’s inclusion of Texas, is no surprise. “The development and use of new energy sources, especially in city and County domains promoting renewable energy, reduce consumption of coal, is an initiative of national energy action plan is very important. Shandong dezhou is identified by the National Energy Board’s first new energy model city, Texas in the promotion of new energy sources, especially solar energy utilization which has been at the forefront of the country. In solar thermal, geothermal and solar energy and construction, Industrial Union of use there are a lot of very good attempt. “National renewable energy Center Vice Director of Hu Gao said.

In this regard, of himin group in Texas has always been a pioneer in the industry. Relying on himin solar building integration for more than 10 years of technology development and product testing, Sun Valley in Texas overall cover housing the future zero-carbon, zero-carbon micro-micro-e intelligent air conditioning system row wise hot water/purified water, zero energy wise overall garden system, solar-powered micro-series, climate, small series of five major systems, such as the kitchen. Covering not only electricity, hot water, doors, Windows, heating and cooling and the family of green new energy for cooking and the application of cutting-edge scientific and technological achievements, and collection of popular science, experience, display, and rest and leisure in one.

Portable modular quick Assembly and future housing to family units to render most energy saving and environmental protection of human life, so as to open up new energy pathways.

“House of the future is pure green building integration of solar energy building template, this low carbon concept ended the era of theoretical study on energy conservation and environmental protection, and put forward practical solutions and products to achieve the zero-carbon micro-e, consolidated to reduce energy consumption by more than 90%. “Luo Zhentao said.

“In the 100 most beautiful places in the world to establish the future House, like green enlightenment classes, it will start the sky city tour, called on everyone to work together, using green products, practice of green living. Work hard together for a dream of blue sky and white clouds. “” International Green organization, “Meng Xiangan China renewable energy society, one of the sponsors said.

It is reported that “international Green organization” will be launched in China “in the future,” Bank of China low carbon and environmental protection public welfare activities, groups rushed to the research collection across the country, the selection of Chinese “future house” pilot, looking for the most beautiful, low carbon, most micro-e of landscape and architecture, the establishment of China’s future.

Out of building energy consumption conundrum

“International Green live tissue,” according to a copy of the data provided by the air of “Haze” has three sources, one is about building and life 40%, and second, industrial emissions of about 30%, about 30% third, transport emissions. 95% belongs to the high energy consumption in building new buildings in China every year, units of heating energy consumption of building new buildings more than 3 times for developed countries, solve the energy problem is around the corner.

As academician Liu Jiaping says that by 2020, to nearly 1.5 billion people in China, such as inability to control total construction area and to promote energy-efficient buildings, total energy consumption will be more than 1 billion tons of standard coal annually. Through the popularization and application of building energy-conserving technology, energy consumption is expected to be controlled at 840 million tons of standard coal each year, annual savings of up to 160 million tons of standard coal. He also suggested, through design and construction-regional climate conditions and low energy buildings adapted to solar radiation resources, design and installation of energy efficient building systems, as well as making full use of solar energy and other renewable energy measures, the full implementation of the design specifications.

In this context, the global “future house” scheme came into being. Apply the world’s most advanced alternative energy technologies, creative energy heating the solution proposed, greatly improves the family climate and living environment, so as to resolve the buildings with high energy consumption, high emission provides practical solutions to the problem.

“The next green city housing pilot project will become a new landmark and future housing construction reflects the city’s environmental and cultural awareness. A city developed, higher consumption levels, does not improve the climate, there is no morality in this city, there is no sense of the city, the more developed cities would be more dangerous. “Himin President Huang Ming said, urban housing in the future for all people to participate, change people’s ideas, making environmental protection and new energy applications received for new solutions.

Experts say the future housing technology and solutions to achieve zero-carbon micro-e, to reduce energy consumption by more than 90%, if by 2030, all 50% in a construction area in China to promote the future technologies and solutions, standard for PM2.5 will reach Europe and the United States, China, eliminate smog; unit GDP energy consumption and carbon emissions reduced by 80%, solar utilization ratio of approximately 70%.

Channel operations, demonstration model

In a sense, Sun Valley, as the House of the future integration of all climate-change commodities comes into being. It ended the era of theoretical research of energy conservation and environmental protection, and proposes practical solutions in electricity, hot water, doors, Windows, heating and even cooking, use of cutting-edge energy technology, to family units to render most energy saving and environmental protection of human life.

, In order to crack the problem of building energy consumption, Sun Valley also launched the climate improved shopping malls. House of the future and the biggest difference is that the spread of popular culture and user experience improvements, customers living in houses of the future can experience new convenience and energy applied to human life and environmental protection.

Remove climate-merchandise store, science beyond the functional experience, future house or Sun Valley, and even before the release of “taste the Sun” combined solar food chain, trying to running demonstration model for future housing built under a variety of channels, defined as food, shelter, transportation, entertainment, shopping and gourmet garden-tour as one of the taste of the Sun-Solar food chain in the world.

Under the current environment, green, environmental protection and pollution-free, healthy, delicious meals have become a luxury. Himin has successfully developed the world’s first solar-powered meal before, can prepare a series of hundreds of varieties. Such as roasting, stewing, boiling, steaming process accomplished by a vacuum solar cookers, the whole food production process no Fireworks, no grease, no pollution, does not drain water after food out of the oven, one unusually delicious. Especially the soup, because solar energy is similar to gently, slowly heat and temperature uniformity, temperature and food become rotten bones crumble meat stew. In addition, the House is also equipped with a solar hot water machine of the future, using pure water can make a mysterious drinks such as smoothies, for consumers at a time when entertainment to experience solar technology brought convenience to people’s lives and miracles.

Luo Zhentao, this is equivalent to creating a new business model to save the green industry: popular science + food + experience + stores. He also said that as the “House of the future” of science education of universal access, not only will contribute to enhance the upgrading of relevant industry standards, but also will exert far-reaching influence on related industry business model to accelerate the industry reshuffle and patterns of change.

Original title: technological breakthrough solar industry is new business models

Changchun Fuyu: the first photovoltaic environmental workshop completed

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, the country’s first solar power environmental protection workshop in Fuyu Xinlong Yi completed Windows and doors LLC.

In Fuyu industrial area of Xinlong Yi Windows and doors LLC, is a design, manufacturing and marketing of wood products manufacturer, mainly produces all kinds of wooden furniture, solid wood doors and Windows and other products. This year, the Omni g company and the Suzhou new energy cooperation, introduce Germany advanced technology, have jointly commissioned a photovoltaic environmental workshops and an annual output of 200,000 square meters of new intelligent energy-saving Windows and doors project. The project covers an area of 2.2 ha, 9043 square meters, doors 6553 square meters workshop, hollow glass 2490 square meters workshop. Projects with a total investment of 45 million Yuan, annual output of 250,000-kilowatt, the annual output of new intelligent energy-saving doors and Windows of 200,000 square meters, all production years to realize a sales income of 150 million Yuan, and profits of 12 million dollars. Workshop of the project for the integration of environmental protection and energy saving construction, roofing materials for photovoltaic power generation.

“Solar PV electricity generation will first go to the State power grid, then our usual usage back to the company. Use the PV workshop, not only to meet the company’s production, lighting, also used solar power to shop floor heating. Use of photovoltaic power generation in such a way, State-sponsored subsidies, combined with revenues generated by part of the excess power into the national grid, our company in addition to the normal production, have used their power to make money. “The head of the company said happily.

The workshop in addition to photovoltaic power generation, also has a rainwater collection system, can be used to collect rainwater for recycling. At present, the principal part of the project has been completed in the workshop, ongoing internal equipment installation and decoration, is expected in late October to officially put into use.

Original title: completion of domestic environmental protection workshop in the city’s first photovoltaic power generation

IKEA announced 8/solar module market

Polaris solar PV net news: last year around October, IKEA announced the United Kingdom retail sale of solar panels. Now, the company decided to further expand the scope of this service. Which IKEA CEO Peter Agnefj LL says they will over the next 18 months, to 8/country market. Although Agnefj which LL did not disclose the names, but the report pointed out that Netherlands will become the first campaign that appear in this list.

It is reported that IKEA on October 28 in the Netherlands open solar panels for sale, after Sweden’s IKEA stores also will go on sale before Christmas this year. According to some reports, the rest of 6 markets are likely in the European region.

In addition, the Agnefj which ll also refers to the company on its carbon dioxide emissions reduction plan. The CEO said, the company will be by 2020 using renewable or recyclable energy to produce plastic products. It is reported that IKEA hopes for the global reduction of 700,000 tons a year of carbon dioxide emissions.

Original title: IKEA announced 8/solar module market

China solar cell capacity on both sides this year or 42GW Super global aggregate demand

Polaris solar PV net news: according to Taiwanese estimates, 2014 global demand for crystalline silicon solar cell market is about 40GWp, including mainland China, Europe, Japan and the United States, and India market requirements are 11GWp, 8GWp, 7GWp, 5GWp and 1.3GWp.

Sources noted that 2014 China Solar manufacturer capable of 30-32GWp, capacity of 9-10GWp in Taiwan, both sides total capacity up to 39-42GWp, enough to meet global demand. In addition, it is expected that, in 2015, global demand will increase to 50GWp.

Original title: China solar cell capacity on both sides this year or 42GW Super global aggregate demand

Distributed PV login main city of Zhangjiakou City, Hebei

Polaris solar PV net news: urban “roof power station”

Recently, Jian Guo Lu bei Fang Junqi on the roofs of shops, a distributed grid-connected PV system is installed, in the sunlight, a neat rows of solar photovoltaic modules made sparkling glow. This is my first commercial distributed in photovoltaic systems in the city, it turns out, marked the beginning of distributed PV in the main urban area of application.

Distributed grid-connected PV system is one that uses photovoltaic modules, and other electrical equipment, grid-connected electricity generation systems convert solar energy directly into electricity, power issued by local use, excess power into the national grid.

Yingli group project manager Shi Baohua introduced, this system includes 32 pieces of photovoltaic modules, there are brackets, combiner box, inverter, power distribution box, occupying an area of about 100 square meters on the roof, the system capacity is 7. 84-kilowatt, the system’s owner invested 80,000 yuan, can produce 30 degrees each day, the system can be used for more than 25 years and 6-8 years to recover their investments. Investors in the use of solar power at the same time, can also sell electricity to the national grid.

Distributed grid-connected PV system is very easy to install and can be installed in any sunlit place, effective use of idle resources of the site, including the roofs, balconies, floors, walls, at present, the most widely used is a distributed grid-connected photovoltaic system installed on the roof of a building.

“At downtown businesses and entrepreneurs to promote at the same time, also implement the PV home, ordinary people can also use this kind of green energy. According to the current market price to invest 10,000 yuan, of distributed PV installed capacity of 1-kilowatt, tile installation photovoltaic modules on the roof, covering an area of 10 square meters, according to the different seasons of light, can power a day on average 4 degrees. Installation 3-5-kilowatt the public can meet domestic demand for electricity, home lighting, household appliances use power provided for the residents. “Shi Baohua said.

With the support of States for the PV industry, as well as the increasing level of awareness about photovoltaic, home photovoltaic system will be closer to people.

Increasing energy saving and environmental protection

In March last year, the province’s first distributed grid-connected photovoltaic system project in Xishan industrial area than a new energy grid-connected electricity generation technology limited success.

The company, the manufacturing plant was installed on the roof of nearly 8000 square meters, distributed PV modules. Company technicians said, this system is an annual average generating capacity of 66. 420,000, the electricity used for shop lighting and production equipment. When the load is large, insufficient solar power companies to utility power purchase and load is low burn electricity, excess electricity can be sold to the mains.

Bao thang company that distributed photovoltaic power generation system, is the city’s first enterprise distributed PV grid-connected system, addition to meet the enterprise’s own use of electricity, but is more of an experimental demonstration of the significance of energy conservation and environmental protection.

Photovoltaic power generation does not need fuel, no carbon-dioxide emissions, and does not pollute the air, does not produce noise. Under normal daylight conditions, 1 of 1-kilowatt photovoltaic system can reduce their use of coal is about 400 kilograms, about 1 ton reduction in carbon dioxide emissions.

Today, the city electricity still dominated by thermal power plants, photovoltaic power generation belongs to green energy, its spread can reduce the use of coal-fired power, good for energy saving and environmental protection. Along with the restructuring of the energy policy, by the company to invest in photovoltaic power generation project in the city is in the ascendant, rising like mushrooms.

The reporter learned from the municipal development and Reform Commission, State practices in accordance with the full power of distributed PV subsidy policy, subsidy levels for each kWh of electricity price 0. 42 Yuan (tax included), be paid through the Fund for renewable energy development, by grid enterprises to pay which, distributed PV systems use Internet access of electricity, according to the local power grid enterprises new benchmark coal price acquisitions.

In this regard, Shi Baohua explained that for people, use distributed grid-connected PV systems, install 1-kilowatt, daily power generation 4, power 0 electricity prices for each of the company. 52 dollars, you can save electricity 2. 08 Yuan; distributed grid-connected PV system per kilowatt-hour State 0. 42 Yuan of subsidies, for his own consumption or to sell regardless of the public power company, will receive 0. 42 Yuan of subsidies, 4 kilowatt hours will receive a subsidy of 1. 68 Yuan. If you have remaining capacity, could be sold to power companies, electric power supply company in accordance with the desulfurization of coal-fired electricity price to buy the people’s power, per kilowatt-hour at the 0. 42 Yuan. Distributed grid-connected PV systems not only saves electricity, but also to create income.

Farmers use the PV

Now, distributed grid-connected PV system is widely used in enterprises, businesses in our city, distributed grid-connected photovoltaic system from people far away?

Xuanhua in Jiang Jia Tun Xiang Tai Ping Zhai village, farmers installed solar panels on the roof, a few villagers to achieve a solar photovoltaic power generation.

Tai Ping Zhai village is divided into the old village and village, the villagers after the move into the new village, old village no longer power the villagers engaged in farming in the old village. “Farm when I first moved to the old village, there is not even electricity for lighting at home. “The villager Jia Fengjun said. He is 40 years old, and his farm covers an area of 4 acres, farming more than more than 200 sheep.

Jia Fengjun Huai an and other places to buy feed, bought feed required for processing, due to farm without electricity, he can only pull Xia Bao village, 4 km from away from farms to processing. He dug a reservoir used for on-farm and watered the sheep, if pumped, can hold seven or eight tons of water in the pool, because there was no electricity, Jia Fengjun had to pull new village. In addition, Interior and Treasury also needs lights.

Using solar photovoltaics, Jia Fengjun becomes first person to eat crabs in the village.

A villager who worked in Tibet in the village, saw household solar photovoltaic power generation system in Tibet, Jia Fengjun was recommended. Jia Fengjun online searching, a local insurance company manufacturer of solar photovoltaic products. After he spends 2600 Yuan off-grid PV electricity storage systems have been installed, the technician installed solar panels in the roof of his house, and equipped with AC and DC inverters, photovoltaic controller and batteries.

Jia Fengjun this solar PV system capacity of only 300 Watts of power, solar conversion of sunlight to electricity can cover 2 to 3 rainy days of power usage. “In a State of full, TV can be provided 4-5 hours of electricity, indoor lighting can also be guaranteed. “Jia Fengjun said. He said that with the constant expansion of the farm, he wants to in the future to increase off-grid photovoltaic electricity-storage system to 1-kilowatt. In his installation, and four farmers in the village have installed off-grid photovoltaic electricity storage systems.

At present, the domestic photovoltaic power generation limited to off-grid photovoltaic electricity storage systems, but this system doesn’t work with grid for grid-connected, spontaneous use only apply to remote areas without access to electricity and photovoltaics “fans”, and so on. In the city, few family also distributed grid-connected PV system installed.

People getting closer

Reporters learned from the municipal development and Reform Commission, by 2022, PV power installed capacity will reach 2.6 million-kilowatt in our city.

“In my province, distributed PV systems has come into the family, especially in rural areas, farmers who install the distributed grid-connected photovoltaic systems increased, farmers realize the grid access is installed. “Shi Baohua, distributed grid-connected PV is more suitable for rural” rural site adequate, except for outside lighting and electrical appliances, if the distributed grid-connected PV system in heating, will play a more significant role in energy conservation and environmental protection. In rural areas, every family to burn coal to keep warm in winter, each rural family winter burn two or three tons of coal. ”

Bao thang company Manager, Li said, distributed grid-connected photovoltaic systems use the term for 25 up to 30 years, investing a distributed photovoltaic installations need tens of thousands of dollars, about ten years to recover the cost, the return on investment is relatively long. Distributed photovoltaic installations on security, the impact of electricity generation on the grid of the owners House, issues such as efficiency and life of the equipment is relatively complex, distributed PV also has a public awareness process. In addition in the city’s rural, farmers are lack of funding, resulting in the city not many families installed grid-connected PV system.

Shi Baohua said: “now, PV technology has been applied to household appliances, such as PV direct drive air conditioners. With the support of States for the PV industry, as well as the increasing level of awareness about photovoltaic, home photovoltaic system will be closer to people. ”

Original title: distributed PV login main city of Zhangjiakou City, Hebei

Another way walking on Sunshine Avenue in the broader

Polaris solar PV net news:–China’s new energy industry pioneer in the development of Liu Hui yi

On a sun-splashed across the Earth days, reporters into Jiangxi Pu pump technology company Ltd, company Chairman, a famous Chinese photovoltaic technology experts interviewed, the “person of the year 2010-solar project in China’s top ten” and “pioneer of China’s new energy industry development,” Liu Hui yi. Halo behind the cohesion of efforts for years, Liu Hui yi has become a key figure in guiding the development of PV industry in China.

Liu Hui yi PV career path is a path of unremitting pursuit of technological innovation. From the beginning, Liu Hui yi clearly recognized that General or the company to grow, must branch out, avoiding extensive involvement of transnational enterprises and ultra-competitive large areas, but should advance to the widget area. Coupled with continuing innovation in technology in the right direction, Liu Hui Pu yi successfully led the daily or the company quickly became the leading enterprises of the domestic solar panel module development, production.

2010-2014, Liu Hui art investment more than 30 million Yuan, has and CSU, and Nanchang Aviation University, and Jiangxi industrial engineering career Technology College, and Baoding sails shares, more by University and the research institutions reached technology Union, established has two a development center, common development solar PV component and solar application products, by well-known colleges of senior Professor served as Development Center Director, and hired has professional Dr as technology consultant, formed has taught, and learn, and Institute integration of research, and experiment and the production base. The fruits of many years of hard work eventually technology. At present, Liu Hui yi-led research and development of product has 2 invention patents and 11 patents for utility models, with dozens of patents is declared.

In terms of sales, Liu Hui arts was established in the country with more than more than 100 dealerships nationwide, sales of nearly 20 million Yuan for two consecutive years, leading in the domestic counterparts. Meanwhile, he also pioneered in Nanchang “boutique model” new marketing model, which specializes in roof installation of distributed power plant. Industry experts predict that over the next 3 years General or the company will build more than more than 500 stores nationwide, more than 3,000 more Distributor outlets. In production, the company has built an annual output of 500 MW solar module of automatic production lines, becoming the solar lighting and photovoltaic module production and application of distributed power plant extension of large enterprises. The company has won the “2010 most influential enterprise of China’s new energy industry development” and “national quality trustworthy product”, in 2013, “the national product quality supervision and inspection qualified enterprise”, “high-tech enterprise” title.

It is easy to see, Liu Hui yi photovoltaic technology in the areas of innovation and market penetration in China has made remarkable achievements, China PV industry has made an outstanding contribution to health development. The future, as the country’s strategic industry, new energy related policies, the promulgation of Liu Hui yi in the PV industry in China will have a broader stage.

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Profit-sharing financing lease or new trends of PV plants financing

Polaris solar PV net news: financing lease is a lease contract the lessor and the lessee signed, signed a purchase agreement with equipment suppliers, delivery of the leased property to the lessee by the supplier, and pattern of the lessee to the lessor to pay rent, leasing is essential in order to use assets and non-asset acquisition financing, natural combination of services and financing models. Development and operation of photovoltaic power stations similar to commercial property, stable cash flow, introduction of leasing mode. Finance lease asset-liability structure and business model to optimize operator, increased lever while maintaining a high credit rating.

Distributed-volt power station

Combination model of domestic financing lease and photovoltaic power stations. Leasing company for construction and operation of the power station provides direct service of rental and sale and leaseback. We believe that the lease may enhance the project’s financial leverage ratio (secondary lever) to enhance efficient use of funds, is important for power plant operators break finance bottleneck. While rising funding costs impact short-term profit release, IRR and ROE had a certain promotion. In addition, PV companies and finance leasing joint venture power plant operating platform, similar to Solarcity in cooperation with funds and make a profit-sharing model, no precedent in the country.

Represented in Solarcity and SunRun, Sungevity’s company in the United States solar leasing business areas such as California and New Jersey, provide customers with PV systems design, installation and maintenance, by charging the customer’s rental fees, over the next 20 years a steady cash flow. For the user, by using the mode at low cost or no cost access to photovoltaic power generation system and reduce electricity costs in the future.

Funding and Solarcity with Google, capital investment funds through a form of joint venture, subletting and sale and leaseback, solve a lease at the initial high investment result of funding shortages. All funds in cooperation will enjoy government subsidies and project return on investment, participation is high. In operation links, users at the cost of selling roofs can get low price discount, the power company can also obtain (buy-sell) price difference of benefit.

Solarcity’s lease on the domestic reference, but difficult to promote in the near future. (1) is different from the United States of the ITC, accelerated depreciation tax shield and green power certificates (REC), domestic FIT and electricity subsidies the unbalanced distribution of dividend in chain. Power plant developers and systems integrators are the main beneficiaries, but investors and end users involved in power is limited. (2) the United States sunshine resources in places like California and sales price in “double high” which is to promote the ideal area. But domestic sales prices and negatively related to radiation resource, affecting plant yield. (3) over 85% of the United States resident owners of single-family homes and cities dominated by commercial housing residential, rural and relatively poor economy demand, Solarcity also limited mode of promotion in the country. (4) foreign funding costs low, slows yields attractive, home is not.

Overall, introducing leasing domestic power station operators in the financing model, on the financing of private enterprises in the field of distributed power to break through the bottleneck is of great significance. Solarcity’s success with United States special policies, power, resources, and the economic environment are inseparable, the pattern in the country temporarily to mimic, and brings more of a consideration of financing innovation, perfect to be policy and electricity pricing system.

Original title: profit-sharing financing lease or new trends of PV plants financing

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CPIA:2014 China Crystal wafer shipments in the first half 18.0GWp

Polaris solar PV net news: China PV industry association (CPIA), latest data show that early 2014, China solar grade crystalline silicon wafer shipments to 18.0GWp, an increase of 20%.

Report first half of county-level Crystal size wafer exports from 24 countries and regions, amounted to 4.6GWp, worth a total of 1.112 billion dollars, including Taiwan, Korea, and Malaysia share of total exports, respectively, and 63.5% and the 10.4%. In addition, total shipments of solar grade silicon wafers that contain 3.1GWp and 1.3GWp single crystal silicon wafers.

According to the report, the first half of the County, crystalline silicon solar cell export in 92 countries and regions, amounted to 1.4GWp, worth a total of 520 million dollars, Korea and the United States or Canada worth $ 138 million, US $ 119 million and $ 94 million, respectively.

Mainland China PV module manufacturer first half of 2014 exports 9.5GWp, worth a total of 6.6 billion dollars, of which Japan and the United States and European shipments respectively, 2GWp (US $ 2.37 billion), 2GWp (US $ 1.35 billion) and 1.9GWp (US $ 1.34 billion).

Original title: CPIA:2014 China Crystal wafer shipments in the first half 18.0GWp

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Secrets of Europe (Germany) electricity market “negative Valence”

Polaris solar PV net news: power plants generating electricity sellers for income, consumers need to pay electricity bills, seems to be the done thing, but Europe is increasingly an opposite phenomenon occurs, the “negative Valence” (negativeprice). Negative Valence refers to renewable energy in the electricity market after a sharp increase, electricity market oversupply, the market-clearing price is negative. Negative price means power companies issued a kilowatt-hour payment to purchase, purchase electricity not only do not need to pay for the electricity, but draws money from the power plant.

Under normal market conditions, power generation enterprise bidding, prices supply and demand curves intersect is the settlement price (clearingprice), also known as wholesale electricity prices in the market (WholesalePrice). Basic rules for bidding for electric power market is carried out in accordance with marginal cost of different types of power generation precedence ordering (MeritOrder), in accordance with marginal cost when bidding (marginalcost) ordered from the lowest to highest. Marginal cost refers to the cost per kilowatt-hour (equivalent to operating costs).

Power plant electricity quote for each hour, first hit with lower marginal costs, marginal cost is slightly higher in the second place, and so on. When hit power and demand is the same, one last bid successful power bid is settled, all the winning power at this price for a settlement.

Here to explain the marginal costs of various types of power supply. As mentioned above, the power of marginal cost is the cost of fuel. Renewable fuel cost is zero, its marginal cost is close to zero, is therefore a top priority bidding for power. Marginal cost of additional power from low to high in order for nuclear power, coal and gas power, which is all kinds of power supply bidding order.

Renewable energy after participation in the market, pulling down markets wholesale electricity prices sharply. When not renewable energy in the electricity market, first hit is nuclear power, followed by coal and gas power. As shown in the left side of Figure 1, nuclear power, coal and gas power and be able to meet electricity demand, little red dot is the supply and demand curve intersections, the point is made that the market clearing price. Dang can renewable energy entered power market zhihou (as Figure 1 right by shows), due to can renewable energy power marginal cost minimum (close zero), first bidding success, then again arrangements nuclear power, and coal electric on can meet power needs, such on no longer needs marginal cost more high of power (gas electric), at power market supply curve right moved, and settlement price Xia moved, led to settlement price fell.

If renewable energy can meet or exceed the load, there is zero or negative charge of electricity price in the market price of electricity. As mentioned above, when renewable energy into the market after wholesale power prices will drop. One special case is, when renewable electricity generation itself when the electrical load is met, wholesale electricity prices are zero. More extreme cases, when renewable energy generating capacity exceeds the load demand, in a State of oversupply in the market, markets wholesale electricity prices fell below zero at this time, which appeared to the so-called negative cost. Appear negative prices most of the time it is in a sunny or windy low-load periods and holidays, such as Christmas Eve.

Introduction of negative price trend is the development of the electricity market in Europe. For a long time, in order to prevent extreme damage to the electricity market rules, protection of generator and user benefits, several European power market for wholesale electricity prices are high and low limits, does not allow for zero and negative prices. But in recent years, with the rapid development of renewable energy, if not negative, all types of power, including renewable energy, for economic interests so as to generate electricity, exacerbating the situation of oversupply of electricity markets, and do not allow negative price disadvantages become more and more obvious. Up to now, within the European Union, allowed negative prices in the electricity market rules, including joining the European electricity exchange (EPEX) in four countries (France, and Germany, and Austria, and Switzerland), as well as Belgium and the Netherlands, and other electricity market does not allow wholesale electricity prices fell to below zero.

In 2007, Germany was first introduced to the market on the day that the negative price; in 2008, Germany/Austria before market introduction of negative price in 2010, France ahead and intraday market introduction of negative price; in 2012, 2013 Austria and Switzerland intraday market has introduced a negative price. According to statistics, the 2012 Germany appear negative price total time of 56 hours, 2013 for 48 hours. France, and Belgium 2012 negative price is lower than the number of hours in other markets, such as Germany, but in the year 2013 increased significantly.

“Negative Valence” conventional power supply with conventional power–suffered serious economic losses. In conventional power supply, in addition to gas-fired units have flexible start and stop the outer, coal power, nuclear power, and so are not suitable for frequent start-stop or quick upper and lower regulated output, not only technically difficult to achieve, and the cost is very high. When at one time renewable energy output is very large, enough to meet or exceed the load, causing electricity wholesale market price is zero or a negative price, coal and other conventional power supply on the system in order to avoid the huge economic losses caused by starting and stopping, rather than according to negative price bidding in the electricity market, a “paying” way to gain rights continue to generate electricity. The so-called “right to choose the lesser of two evils”, as long as the negative pricing costs than starting and stopping low, conventional power has no choice. Germany negative electricity market price, lignite power plant output power ratings of at least 42%, nuclear power output power ratings of at least 49%, only gas-fired power plants can reduce output power ratings of between 10%.

“Negative Valence”-the promotion of renewable energies and renewable more responsive to market supply and demand situation, slowing fixed feed-in tariff mechanism of renewable electricity market distortions. Germany previously fixed feed-in tariff policy for renewable energy (Feed-inTariff), requires grid companies to accept unconditionally all renewable electricity and at a fixed price to pay Internet access tariffs and transmission company selling renewable electricity on the electricity market. In this way, renewable energies can be described as “hanlaobaoshou”, just power, regardless of sales (produceandforget), even though the oversupply of electricity market when there is a negative price, they also continue to happily let the fan continue to rotate power.

On August 1, 2014 release Germany the new edition of the renewable energy law (also known as version 2.0 of the renewable energy Act), major policy adjustment, require that all medium and large renewable energy projects to direct sales model (directselling), which is involved in the bidding, State subsidies of electricity price given on the basis of the market. Dang power market appeared negative price Shi, can renewable energy power commercial will good weigh about pros and cons has: If can got of electric price subsidies with actual cost Zhijian of poor value than negative price absolute to big, description continues to power still is profitable of, apparently power Chamber of Commerce select continues to power Internet; instead, if electric price subsidies with actual cost Zhijian of poor value insufficient to cover negative price, so continues to power will pay out, such power commercial on will active stop power, Thus slowed down the electricity market oversupply situation.

“Negative Valence” with consumers–users do not enjoy the benefits of falling wholesale electricity market prices. When electricity wholesale market price is very low, zero or even negative price, theoretically, transmission of results should be consumer electricity prices should drop, users should enjoy the benefits of that, but the reality is more complicated. In Germany, users are generally signed with electrical contractor for sale sell service agreements, the agreement period is usually one year, giving the user of electricity price in the agreement within the time limit was fixed.

Electricity sales business on behalf of the user to participate in the buying and selling of electricity on the market in wholesale electricity prices based on the price of electricity transmission and distribution, various taxes and fees (including renewable electricity price levy), and taking into account reasonable income from electricity sales, identified to the user electricity price. Electrical contractor for sale as direct participation in market transactions, so that its real-time price and market linkage, but does not occur with user electricity price linkage. So Ah, sale electric commercial also to bear is big of operating risk, if this a years power market wholesale electric price very low, and to user of agreement price set high has, so Xia a years user on will abandoned original of sale electric commercial, steering price more low of other sale electric commercial; instead, if this a years power wholesale market electric price very high, and to user of agreement price set low has, such sale electric commercial will bear loss.

Original title: Secrets of Europe (Germany) electricity market “negative Valence”