PV fever hits Victoria market opportunities

Polaris solar PV net news: power quality, especially the guarantee of long-term reliability and power, has not set standards, and barriers to entry. If the phenomenon of bad money drives out good money, fledgling operations sector to suffer.

Been looking for out of the troughs recipe for Chinese PV companies, frequently involved in power plant and raw materials businesses. For example, recent jinko (hereinafter referred to as apt) announced that has 3 private-equity agreed xiangjing energy photovoltaic power plant and raw materials businesses invested $ 225 million.

In fact, from the 2012 China PV industry suddenly “cold case” began, domestic enterprises had been in contact with many industry upstream and downstream of the PV power plant investments. Prior to that, downstream and upstream core technologies market at both ends–which are “out” the embarrassment over the health of the domestic photovoltaic industry development, and this is Europe, “double reverse” (anti-dumping, anti-subsidy) could hit the most immediate cause of PV industry in China.

Almost at the same time, the Government has also started construction of the domestic PV market and policy guidance is very clear. Photovoltaic power plant construction boom which could help enterprises out of trouble?

PV enterprises now vitality

Figures show in 2012, about 4.5 gigawatts of photovoltaic installed capacity, 2013 then jumped to about 10 GW. Semiconductor industry research center for optoelectronics, according to CCID Consulting Division General Manager Chang Jinlong expects total PV installed capacity this year to at least reach about 10 GW.

Enables more rapid development of the domestic market in the upstream struggling PV enterprises seen in survival, it is not difficult to understand, Yingli, apt and other leading companies frequently involved in PV power plant and raw materials businesses.

Sitech Qian Jing said in an interview with reporters, global brand Director, jointly established with 3 private-equity sitech power and focus on promoting the construction of power plants is bullish on the domestic photovoltaic industry.

From the perspective of positioning itself, sitech since initial establishment strategically positioned for energy companies, aiming to provide a one-stop solar new energy solutions and become producers of photovoltaic energy.

Therefore, Qian Jing said sitech stretching from upstream to downstream step by step to form a complete industrial chain and were involved in downstream operations, meant to be companies were initially planned.

Moreover, Qian Jing stressed to reporters, stabilised, sustained domestic policy and a strong consensus on energy and environmental issues, makes investment in downstream power station into a set of long-term economic, ecological, environmental, energy and multiple benefits in one industry.

Chang Jinlong also told reporters that, with the introduction of electricity subsidy and other policies, and policy environment of the domestic photovoltaic industry has recently become more perfect, indeed is the plant’s good time to invest, opportunity to PV companies off the hook.

Qian Jing told reporters, will have in the future will be apt to power split-listing plan.

Finance closed sorry

However, PV power station construction is only survival companies off the hook.

Say “chance” because not all businesses can have huge amounts of capital to cope with the high cost of investment in power station.

Chang Jinlong pointed out that PV power plant construction does not require a high level of technical content, but it is required very large amount of funds, “invest in a 10 megawatt power plant needs at least 100 million yuan of funds. ”

Moreover, the photovoltaic industry overall financing situation is not optimistic, plenty of small photovoltaic manufacturing businesses, to get involved in power station construction very difficult. Therefore, can secure more funding become the sticking point in the next stage of development.

Qian Jing said the ATP has been able to attract 3 private-equity, derived from their forward-looking strategic thinking and at an early stage of market distribution.

Even more important is that the profitability of businesses in recent years is directly linked with the capital’s attention, and mostly concerns the object of the investment company. This reporter learned that, sitech strong business growth in recent years, strong financial data laid the Foundation for the successful financing.

However, it is clear that not all businesses such as sitech tried to tap into the lower reaches of this successful financing, lack of funding remains the most insurmountable obstacles to development. In this regard, Chang Jinlong pointed out that in addition to local governments are willing to provide support, enterprises can in fact complementary material, such as during a development process relates to core equipment of PV to turn a profit.

“Actually the profits higher value-added for this session, and less need to cost a lot of money than the investment power and raw materials. “Chang Jinlong said.

Operation market prospects can be

With the advent of domestic photovoltaic power plant investment boom, were always an afterthought of operations market has begun to emerge.

Meng Xiangan told reporters China renewable energy society, Governments around the time of PV projects in the past, “installing” turmoil, there have been a lot of testing, inspection and follow-up management issues.

“How big is the single-minded pursuit of installed capacity in the past, is actually really useful, and must guarantee quality and efficiency. “Meng Xiangan said.

The introduction of the new electricity subsidies, making power output the indexes began to really get the attention. “The past is through the installed capacity to assess subsidies and incorporation does not belong to the category assessment. Now after the electricity is to be given subsidies, I think the current policy environment is very good, reflected the importance of maintenance. “Chang Jinlong said.

Qian Jing also noted that PV quality relates to quality, plant design, construction, and operation and maintenance of equipment. Operation links are after the power station was put to use, the maintenance of original high-quality means of power production.

Over the years, to improve components for PV power generation efficiency and reduce costs as the biggest target. In fact, power generation efficiency limit affected by the technology, it is very difficult to increase 1% efficiency. However, if by the method of operation and maintenance, without the need to increase power generation efficiency can improve power output and reduce costs.

Chang Jinlong said: “battery does not maintain long-term decay occurs, only regular maintenance will ensure efficiency of power generation. As long as the operation and maintenance done, plant’s efficiency will present an entirely different situation. ”

Photovoltaic power plant in the past typically built by investors or enterprises of the power station operation and maintenance. Chang Jinlong pointed out that with the rise of power plant construction, there will be more specialization maintenance enterprise and market.

In February this year and CNCA jointly issued the Declaration on the strengthening of national energy PV product testing and certification tasks views, requirements for PV product quality, mandatory testing and certification in the country.

Qian Jing pointed out that such opinions only at the product level. And for power quality, especially the guarantee of long-term reliability and power, has not set standards, and barriers to entry. If the phenomenon of bad money drives out good money, will let the fledgling industry to suffer. She wants the State to come up with industry standards and barriers to building a quality power station to protect utility investors interest and enthusiasm for grid power.

In this regard, the Golden Dragon has been endorsed by: “the new operation and maintenance industry need to be country-driven policy paper Guide, to ensure the healthy and orderly development of the industry. ”

Original title: PV fever hits Victoria market opportunities

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Debating Germany PV: misfortune fortune depends on?

Polaris solar PV net news: nuclear, wind, photovoltaic, renewable energy, distributed … … A keyword points to the heart of Europe, known as Germany. And were given new energy development, “Vanguard”, “benchmarking”, “role model” after Halo, questioning and criticism are also on the rise. Summarizes our views on both sides, also featured a very representative of the commentary.

Germany is the world’s first mechanism fixed feed-in tariff (FIT, our new benchmark is often referred to price) to support new energy development in the State. In 2000, Germany enacted the world’s first renewable energy law, then according to the changing situation, has carried out four major revisions. Germany new energy policy also has a demonstration effect on other countries, its influence far beyond Germany itself. However for some time, Germany PV policy criticism ceased.

One of the criticisms: Germany very poor light conditions, photovoltaic power generation is not an economic

Critics believe that Germany solar radiation is very low, PV annual full load hours and only about 800 hours (United States almost Germany twice times), converted the capacity factor of only 9%. Although Germany solar units cost United States half of, but due to lower utilization hours, the final cost per kilowatt was almost flat, resulting in Germany is “high capacity and low capacity”. Due to the high cost per kilowatt, Germany need massive subsidies for PV, and these subsidies are ultimately borne by the user, making Germany electricity prices soaring, become the EU after Denmark’s second high-price countries. “Proponents argue that these are facts, but there is one thing, Germany over the years this sort of” self-sacrifice “type of spirit, which makes the global PV cost falling fast, creating conditions for large-scale development of photovoltaic power generation in other countries. 】

Criticism II: photovoltaic power fluctuation and strong, PV subsidies large flows to neighbouring countries

A criticism of déjà vu, Yes, Denmark with their subsidized expensive wind turbine replacement Nordic Norway cheap electricity has been the fact that Denmark national criticism and questioning of certain interest groups, since the arguments there have been fierce completely subsided. Germany PV now faces a dilemma. Noon is Germany the photovoltaic make time because PV at the lowest marginal costs on the electricity market, and has the right to priority scheduling, when at noon after a large PV, Germany power market will supply exceeds demand, market prices sharply lower, at certain times may even be “negative Valence”. Appear negative, meaning that if generators want to remain in power, it is necessary to pay back to the user. In the case of oversupply, Germany power at a very low price or even negative price deliveries to neighboring countries, this is equivalent to Germany subsidies along with the delivery of the PV electricity flows to neighbouring countries. “Proponents argue that this is not true, but need to be considered from all angles. Germany is concerned, might actually mean loss of national wealth, but in the process of integration of the EU as a whole, benefits are increased, or decreased it, this will require further research and analysis. 】

Criticism of the three: photovoltaic power generation is coming up, and coal in counter attack

Germany reverse hit coal and electricity are also hot topics in media some time ago. Germany has decided to abandon its nuclear program, but not as exciting as some one analyses will change in the future, open bow no turning back. Accounted for domestic electricity 10% above of nuclear power no has zhihou, by what to cover does? wind electric and PV, new energy is preferred, but reality in the occurred of facts is is: United States large cheap coal influx European, Germany coal electric economic sex is good, coal electric also can bear adjustable peak service, so appeared has coal electric “not drop anti-increased” of “wonders”, which led to carbon emissions volume also up has, development new energy of emission reduction volume does not can offset coal electric increased of carbon emissions volume. “That may be” energy transformation “strategic decision-makers is also unexpected. Germany coal recovery so far, there are special conditions of space and time, but coal power recovery is the result of market choice. 】

Of course, Germany PV policy criticism is far more than that, like conventional power to frequently lift output, resulting in running economy declined significantly, coal and electricity consumption increases, and so on. In the literature, the most representative of the article was written by American RyanCarlyle Should Other Nations Follow Germany’s Lead On Promoting Solar Power?.

We also found that, in Germany the photovoltaic in criticism of the policy, naturally there is no lack of self-criticism of the Germans, but Germany is fierce most active are American. The reasons behind it, perhaps with the United States were advocating free market competition, against the idea of government intervention through subsidies are not unrelated. In the United States who think, can new energy development depends crucially on the new competitive energy itself, all cost-benefit-oriented. At this point, seems to be with Germany the so-called “social market economy” differs from philosophy. Photovoltaic and renewable energy should not develop? how? Germans in reflection, my “Thirteen-Five” planned soon, new energy in our country go from here? In any case, the energy evolution and understanding and grasp of the historical experience and lessons, and always makes us less wood.

Does Germany really PV development model?

Answer is obviously “no”.

Solar energy itself is a useful technique, but Germany’s renewable energy policy is a disaster. Because it is bad for consumers, bad for the manufacturers, is bad for the environment.

Only home owners solar and solar panel installation companies profit from Germany of the media and the public is more and more opposition and dissatisfaction with PV development.

I was surprised to discover Germany those world famous energy policy is so useless, expensive and inefficient. Germany is a serious problem, for the rest of the world want to emulate Germany of countries and regions is a serious problem. Probably in the past year, policy failure began to expand. Renewable energy supporters so I forgive, because they are not aware of these issues in the past. But now it is time to “green movement” a 180-degree turn.

First, I list some of the worst statistics:

Germany is widely considered to be the world leader in solar energy. It accounted for more than one-third of the world in installed solar capacity. Germany with abundant resources and enormous subsidies, higher energy costs than California, had more than twice the per capita installed capacity.

Germany’s residential electricity cost about $0.34/kWh, is one of the highest levels in the world. About $0.07/kWh directly to subsidies for renewable energy, and this is even better than the European wholesale electricity prices even higher. (Which means they are less than expenses from France and Denmark to buy zero-carbon electricity. ), Each year more than 300,000 users because they couldn’t afford electricity and had to power outages. Many people complain of residents due to the commercial tariff exemption policy price is too high, but even excluding these, they can save at most once each month for less than a euro. 40% government electricity by 2020 is expected to grow again.

Due to the high price and power management problems, Germany’s power supply company and lost huge amounts of taxpayers ‘ money. Environment Minister said failure to shrink the project scope, cost will reach 1 trillion euros over the next 20 years. This amount did not include spending hundreds of millions of. Siemens estimated direct costs of the transition to 2050 energy policy will reach $ 4.5 trillion, equal to Germany 50 2.5% per cent of total GDP. This does not include economic losses caused by high energy prices, it is hard to quantify, but it must be a great influence.

Discouraging is that the latest figures showed that while the economy developed steadily, and the population gradually decreased Germany’s carbon emissions and the effects of global warming are on the rise. This is because the wrong priority of renewable energy market mechanism, paradoxically this mechanism to promote the development of coal-fired electricity. Large-scale photovoltaic power generation without energy storage device has an obvious shortcoming is that it worked 5-10 hours a day. Must be instantaneous balance between electricity supply and demand. Germany in summer more solar, you need more coal-fired power at night and winter. Because during the day the solar mass power baseload nuclear power cannot run, and peak-shaving gas very uneconomic, pumped even run very uneconomical. Coal is the only technology without subsidies and have not been at a loss. Electric power enterprises will have to make choices, coal-fired power or cutback, or go bust.

Here I am about to many inter-related issues.

Question 1: in the wrong place, the wrong technology green revolution

Renewable energy advocates have always thought that Germany is a large rooftop PV feasible success story. But the problem is that Germany’s PV policy was a failure. Germany’s sunny weather is relatively small, Hanover, one-third time of the year is cloudy, not suitable for installing solar panels.

Annual solar radiation

The Alps blocked the sunlight in the morning. Germany’s solar resources with United States Alaska, even more so than Seattle more poor.

Considering Germany’s weather, solar power is the worst choice.

Solar radiation map

Many people believe that if Germany make large investments in solar energy, United States should also install a lot of solar panels. I think it should be the other way around thinking, even if equipped with generous subsidies, best solar resources in the world, United States solar still going so slowly, then Germany’s solar energy utilization should be less. Because Germany’s market has been seriously distorted, so they pursued such an ideal energy policy.

You are welcome to disagree with my point of view, that the simplest evidence is the capacity factor. Under the influence of sunshine hours, photovoltaic capacity factor is lower than 50%, and if you think about the cloud, dawn, dusk, and non-optimal installation, United States city average capacity factor is 18%. By contrast, Germany 2011 solar capacity factor is less than 9%.

Currently Germany residents install solar panels cost about $2.25/Watts, while the United States is $5/watts. But Germany year photovoltaic utilization hours less than the United States half of the United States and Germany’s solar power cost almost the same. California and Germany’s payback period is essentially the same. Many people complained that United States and high cost led to too little installed capacity, installed capacity but only economic reasons do not explain growth differences.

Why Germany’s per capita installed capacity is United States 16 times times? Because in Germany gets installed licenses more easily. I don’t think Germany people have more environmentally conscious than other people in the world. For cold, weak light, very little demand for air conditioning during the day Germany, solar energy technology is not suitable for. In the United States in Phoenix, Arizona, solar technology is suitable, but inappropriate in Frankfurt. So my conclusion is Germany solar energy development is the influence of political distortion. Economics of solar energy development has not been properly demonstrated, in the absence of a large number of political interference in the case it is not possible to continue.

Many people surprised by Germany’s solar power generation accounted for 4.6% of the total generating capacity, accounting for 2% of the total energy supply. Because all the headlines covering summer peak solar power accounted for 50%. So PV solar power is an inefficient way of massive power. For the same cost, people can take advantage of the latest technology to produce at least four times times the power, and the same zero carbon emissions. For many reasons, nuclear energy is a better choice.

The next five years, with the gradual cut in subsidization of new photovoltaic units, solar growth trends will begin to reverse. Installed capacity growth has peaked, and is beginning to decline. Although components and installation costs are reduced, when subsidies ceased most new projects will also be stopped. PV has entered a downward spiral.

All the development curve when PV PV supporters draw, draw only until 2011. Rapid development last year because 2011 is a PV. According to official data from 2013 and forecast data, PV curve is no longer a rapid growth curve. And like all other technologies, it became the s-curve, after all, not infinitely fast-growing technology in the world.

Should be noted that installed capacity and actual power output curve is different. Green media report only PV installed capacity or proportion of sunny weather in the summer generation. Both of these values need to be objective by 10 for the year.

In fact, although solar energy received more government support, but it grew more slowly relative to the conventional energy. This image displays the total energy supply of each type of energy technologies to achieve after 1% the first decade of development. (Note: ordinate each proportion of energy technologies for energy to total energy supply, three technologies starting from 1%; y is the year after you reach 1%, from the first to the tenth year, natural gas year is starting in 1965, the beginning years of nuclear power in 1974, start of the solar year is 2001)

Only one-fourth of renewable energy is solar (mainly biomass, wind and waste incineration). Growth in solar true rose at 1974-1984 nuclear so 2001-2011 one-fourth only one-sixth 1965-1975 natural gas rate.

When a new energy technologies are better than the old ones, and its rapid development. But solar energy is not done, even if it has received significant government support.

All of which means that without government support, grid-connected PV may not be the primary source of power. At present Germany to tax other energy technologies in order to lavish subsidies on solar power, solar has the economy. Electric power enterprises forced prices at several times the market price of buying electricity from distributed photovoltaic power users, it generated a great deal of loss. Germany could act only in August 2013 to the grid of renewable energy companies has caused direct economic losses of 540 million euros. (Translator’s Note: here is the grid losses on lack of renewable energy surcharges, according to Germany the renewable energy policy, will next year by raising the renewable surcharges to offset grid losses. ) This is a huge transfer of wealth. From the power company (operation management and the traditional power grid losses) and the all people’s pockets without installing rooftop photovoltaic transfer of wealth to own or install solar panels in people’s pockets. So it’s not just a huge market distortions, it is a tax on the poor.

Intention is good but bad designed a Government transfer mechanism, namely transfer of wealth from people without solar panels to someone with a solar panel. South of this was tantamount to no roofs, or no initial investment, or rental housing tax. Faced with rapidly rising energy prices and almost ignored the efforts of the Government, welfare applicants, and the elderly have been badly shaken. Even poor people have to live in darkness, to save on electricity bills. Energy transition is bad for social justice.

Question 2: PV Powered volatility

Brought about by the rapid growth of solar energy is the most ironic problem: excess supply. It is unthinkable that, of course, because solar-electricity total electricity production is lower than 5%, but are responsible for excess capacity. Sunny afternoons in the summer, compared to generation cost, Germany PV is actually losing money: the average export price for Euro 2012 Euro 0.056/kWh, [18] but 2000-2011 average cost per kilowatt of installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation for 0.165 EUR/kWh. [14] (the best condition is, PV modules have a capacity factor of 40-year service life and 10%, about 0.2 EUR/kWh) on a sunny summer day, thermal power generation companies have to operate at a high cost to maintain the boiler and thus be compensated.

You can say that the solar power is free, but reduced by solar power or shutting down coal-fired power plants is costly. This means large-scale photovoltaic integration allows additional power unit power generation costs even higher. Excess solar electric power economy has a lot of pull (translator’s Note: the irony of the author). Because you only pay for a power supply, but now need to pay twice – once in cloudy weather peak of conventional energy generation, once at the peak of sunny days solar power–and then export the surplus power and make a modest profit.

Why Germany to export electricity at a loss? Since the renewable energy law does not allow power up light. Users were forced to pay for photovoltaic power generation grid above-market prices, at the same time, neighboring countries enjoy low electricity prices throughout the EU, have no incentive to build more clean energy. This is indeed a waste of distorted energy policies.

Electricity production and consumption must be simultaneous. Large scale energy storage technology is not mature, and high cost. Pumped a lot of small, but Europe and the United States for such storage sites have been used up. The only large-scale energy storage plan is the use of electric vehicles. But to meet the massive solar fluctuations, current electric car is far from enough. If people charged during after hours, the Sun had set, and power supply and demand at this time does not match the situation would be even worse. California’s grid operator, said recently the sunset is a barrier to development of photovoltaic. Most typical expression is “Duck” (a duck-shaped curve). Graphic shows late afternoon, photovoltaic power output dropped sharply, requiring traditional power supplies with a wide ramp rate load. (Translator’s Note: “Duck” from the United States report of the California power grid Corporation FlexibilityResourceAdequacyCriteriaandMust-OfferObligation,Dec132012. Diagram representation of curves from top to bottom in California from 2012 to 2020 of the yearly NET load, California’s power grid predicted 2015 renewable energy generation has increased significantly. NET load = load-wind power-photovoltaic power)

People are always complaining about wind power is unreliable, but in much of the region when there is enough wind farms, grid level overall, wind power is smooth. But all the solar panels will power at the same time, meaning power at night during the day while excess. At least in a hot country, daytime air conditioning load is matched with the PV. But Germany did not use air conditioning, large-scale photovoltaic grid scheduling nightmare. Energy transformation, Germany power grid frequency/voltage failure increases the risk of the three.

Germany had to rely on power to dissolve the country’s solar power in neighbouring countries in order to maintain the balance of power. Night PV output drop rate rising faster than those of other power output rate, which means people may power outage after work or use electricity from neighbouring countries. Following is Germany’s solar power curve shows Germany net import and export electricity with solar fluctuations and changes. (Note: the net import and export power in the position closest to the abscissa)

If Germany neighbouring countries there are so many solar panels, all countries while excess or shortage of power and eventually cause the system to crash. EU power grids throughout the PV capacity is much smaller than Germany, and Spain now photovoltaic access levels.

PV supporters always said consumers need to change their behavior to match the PV for electricity, rather than match the PV electricity Act. This may work, by changing the energy hogs such as the consumption behaviour of electrolytic aluminum plant, about 20% ‘s load can be transferred. But modern humans have their own routine and difficult to change, massive load will be hard to shift. Impossible to require that people don’t cook or watch TV in the evening, or waiting three hours after sunset, and then turn on the light. Electricity load over the weekend and weekday load must be different.

In short, PV does not match load in time, which, to a large extent limited the percentage of grid connected PV. Germany access to solar maximum is approximately 4%. They are now looking for ways to further improve measures.

Question 3 wrong PV replacement energy

You can notice in the cost curve when PV at Daihatsu, wind down output. User side of PV relative wind power has the right to give priority to power generation in the region. Solar power fact first, instead of other renewable energy generation. Secondly is replaced by gas-fired power generation and nuclear power.

Note jagged gray on behalf of traditional energy sources (coal and gas) power generation, solar power partially replaced the daily base load power generation, seems to be replacing fossil energy, but in the long term, is thought to have the opposite effect. (Translator’s Note: according to Germany the Government commitment to 2020 Germany will shut down almost all nuclear power)

In general assume the base load coal and nuclear power, their large capacity, high efficiency, and low cost. But she has baseload generator output and the output reduction is very difficult, and the cost is very high. Nuclear power cannot be adjusted accordingly with the increase or decrease in output of photovoltaic speed. Take many days before shutting down or restarting a nuclear power plant, in addition to France other than nuclear power in other countries is not involved in cycling, so nuclear power output not possible with solar power generation fluctuates. Supply cannot match demand, eventually leading to supply shortages and excess occurred.

Many people assume that Germany as Fukushima is reducing the proportion of nuclear power, but Germany has no choice. They were forced to stop using nuclear power, and solar energy to replace, this is a very, very big problem–Germany’s nuclear-power generating capacity is four times times the solar power, so solar does not immediately make up the nuclear shortfall. Germany must develop other power supply to cover nuclear power.

General peak through the gas generator. But Germany less gas resources and gas peak shaving costs are high, so Germany building more coal-fired power plants and reopening of old coal-fired power plants. Coal-fired electricity is expensive and inefficient, but can run all night and when we need to reduce output reduction. Coal than nuclear power has a very good track load capacity. Germany’s Green Party since the 70 ‘s in opposition to nuclear power, and eventually won. Nuclear power is gone, coal came again.

Replacing nuclear power with coal for environmental protection must be a wrong decision. Nuclear power is cleaner than coal-fired electricity security beyond question. Fukushima nuclear accidents can be considered the most serious nuclear accident – a powerful earthquake and the tsunami of unprecedented seven reactor core melted, three stations – but none of the casualties caused by radiation, the life expectancy rate is almost zero. Even staggering of nuclear disaster is almost harmless to the public. Research indicates that fear of withdrawal have died than stay where they had a higher proportion of deaths from radiation.

By comparison, coal around to kill 1 million people each year, which makes the Ocean was full of mercury and arsenic, release more carbon dioxide, is also the most important causes of damage to the environment in the process of industrialization.

When PV 1–2 per cent of total energy demand, will mean less nuclear power, thermal power increase. Resulting environmental damage may well past PV brings environmental benefits. Countries need to avoid building large amounts of photovoltaic, so as not to reduce the use of other clean energy sources. When the PV has developed to “Duck” stage, things started to go bad. Final results might as well start doing nothing, just as Germany has in the development of photovoltaic dilemma.

So the whole thing was a failure. Germany PV is harming people and the Earth, and will be exacerbated.

Question 4: biomass energy

Biomass power generation in the above figure, are actually burning wood in a coal-fired power plants. Germany 38% “renewable” comes from deforestation and imported wood from other countries. We seem to go back to the middle ages. Due to the aggressive renewable energy targets, as well as the European Union believe that wood is a carbon-neutral carbon tax (translator’s Note: the lifecycle of trees, which absorb carbon dioxide and offset carbon dioxide emissions from burning), Europe is growing at a rate of deforestation and wood as renewable energy combustion.

Environmental campaign took almost 200 years to combat forest degradation in the process of industrialization, but that goal moments was defeated by the hypocrisy of a formula for the calculation of carbon dioxide emissions. Formula taking into account is the trees throughout the growing cycle, absorption and emission of carbon dioxide is not at the same time, absorb emissions. Which unfortunately is now burning wood trees to absorb carbon dioxide, but also emissions of carbon dioxide, actually burning wood does more harm to the environment than coal. Coming decades is to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, key to tackling climate change during clear felling of trees would be foolish.

Germany had to destroy the environment in order to meet renewable energy goals. They have made renewable energy is not sustainable. Is truly a tragedy!

Summary: Germany energy restructuring is a very undesirable way, aggressive goals to error power energy hurts the people, business and the environment.

I’m not saying we should oppose the PV, one should be our photovoltaic power. Due to unfavorable climate and distortions of policy, Germany at lower PV penetration, is facing many problems, while other countries may have to face a very high penetration rate. Even if we ignore the cost in power system operation and management aspects, PV-there are still many problems that must be resolved. Such as:

Not to build too much solar power station, because the other ramp rate of the power supply can’t keep up with the rate of change of PV. Works only for large-scale photovoltaic energy storage technology is still a very immature technology, does not know when to commercialization. To reach 50% PV penetration rate is an illusion, we need to be more realistic about this issue.

You can’t force people to buy simply because he is a renewable energy does not need. Manufacturing PV is also a waste of energy and material is not solid green.

We must learn from these lessons, cannot close our eyes to fail. ‘S consistent support to renewable energy Germany has become the world leader in renewable energy development, they redefined the environmental movement. But Germany’s progress against all expectations, opponents and gave evidence. We must stop praised Germany for energy transition model, and should explore better utilization of renewable road.

RyanCarlyle

BSChE,SubseaHydraulicsEngineer

(The writer is a Chevron oil company subsea drilling engineer. Graduated from the Missouri-Colombia University, majoring in chemical engineering. )

Original title: debating Germany PV: misfortune fortune depends on?

The Justice Department statement: PLA officers stealing solar company SolarWorld price data and production cost

Polaris solar PV net news: in view of the Department of Justice (DoJ) accused of the people’s Liberation Army (PLA) five members of the hacking, SolarWorld’s lawyers recently requested “changed circumstances review”. The Commerce Department is currently reviewing the request and is expected to be considered at the end of this month.

According to a statement from the Justice Department, a PLA officer, Wen Xinyu and accomplices from SolarWorld United States companies stealing thousands of documents. E-mail, including three executives price data, as well as the cost of production.

Department of Justice said in a statement: “Wen Xinyu and at least one other unidentified accomplices to steal thousands of documents, including about SolarWorld’s cashflow and production indicators and line information, costs and ongoing trade proceedings privileged communications between lawyers and clients, as well as a number of other matters. ”

SolarWorld’s application submitted in July, said: “SolarWorld urged the Department to conduct changed circumstances reviews to further investigate alleged theft of SolarWorld’s proprietary and confidential information, the integrity of the Department’s anti-dumping and anti-subsidy cases fair, and profits were the extent of the damage … … Arrested for stealing their secrets and privileged information, and may also provide this information to the Chinese Government which would possibly be litigants in the State-owned Chinese solar manufacturers, required to constitute changed circumstances review. ”

If it supported the request of SolarWorld, it is not clear whether the Ministry of Commerce will change its trade tariffs on Chinese imports, to punish China for PV solar companies.

Original title: the Commerce Department is considering a hacker reason to sanction China PV solar power

CSR Zhuzhou PV inverter exporting Philippines started “out to sea” first shots

Polaris solar PV net news: high-speed rail in China sell well overseas, when CSR a core product from succeeding, “out to sea”, by its CSR Zhuzhou 250-kilowatt PV inverters developed by recent bid of PV power projects Manila, started overseas the first shot on the road.

PV inverter is one of the important equipment of the solar photovoltaic power plant, solar photovoltaic systems, solar energy through solar module converts the DC electricity, through the PV inverters convert DC to AC compliance with power quality requirements. Inverter in the process take on DC-AC conversion function, also solar panels for maximum performance and system protection features. In the industry, inverter is known as “solar cell”. Authority figures show that PV inverter market prospects, only in 2015, it will reach 10 billion yuan, while the world is nearly $ 10 billion.

The bid of 250-kilowatt PV inverse variable device, is China South car Zhuzhou by independent development of a paragraph products, its used has advanced of control algorithm, effective to reduced has main circuit filtering parameter value, reduced has machine volume, improve has power density value, has cost low, and reliability high, site maintenance convenient, advantages, Supreme conversion efficiency can reached 98% above, full obtained has Philippines owners of recognized.

Photovoltaic industry is CSR response State “low carbon” call to vigorously develop green, energy saving and environmental protection industries, focusing on supporting one of the emerging industries. Since 2009, CSR zelri in ownership of variable flow control technology, developed a stand-alone power from 50-kilowatt to 630-kilowatt a full line of photovoltaic inverter products, today a sales income of more than 300 million Yuan, Hunan province, became the only PV inverter development, manufacturing and research base of micro-grid system.

At present, the CSR zelri in PV industry has been by the professional supplier of inverters to power system solution provider change, to build and excellent professional supplier of electrical systems for PV inverter and PV system integration internationally renowned new image.

Original title: CSR Zhuzhou PV inverter exporting Philippines started “out to sea” first shots

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2014 “Polaris Cup” CREC annual top ten most popular PV contest officially launched

Polaris solar PV net news: an industry, there are always some excellent enterprise, which enterprises played an important role in their respective fields, and every movement is plays an important role. For example, the PV industry, always on the cutting edge, the outstanding enterprises played a leading role, they fail in the brutally competitive and bloody, in Europe, Australia and India fell more under the double squeeze of frequent attack. Such a business should be borne in mind that, to cheer.

In 2012 and 2013 starts “‘ Polaris Cup ‘ top ten most popular PV enterprises award” thanks to jinko, TBEA, GCL, Sun power, CSG, run in peak power, trust and support of a large number of internationally renowned companies such as Li Tenghui, was a complete success.

With the development of new energy industry and national policy support, more and more companies began to enter the PV industry, Polaris solar PV NET should many domestic PV manufacturers demand following the 2012 contest (http://guangfu.bjx.com.cn/zt/vote/DczjList.aspx), the 2013 campaign (http://Guangfu.bjx.com.CN/ZT/2013vote /) After the successful, open again the third “2014-’ Polaris Cup ‘ top ten photovoltaic companies” (http://Guangfu.bjx.com.CN/ZT/2014vote/default.aspx) award, to recognise and affirm those in 2014 for the PV industry in China had made outstanding contributions to the development of enterprises. This times award will relies on Arctic star 150,000/days online users, for objective, and just of voting, and to eventually of voting results as reference according to, by Arctic star market research center wrote related participation enterprise of market report, to makes participation enterprise more detailed to understanding in development process in the by ignored of problem, more objective to understanding enterprise in market competition in the by exists of short Board.

The award voting consists of seven categories: raw materials and auxiliary materials (ingots/bars, wafers of silicon and Silicon-containing), solar cell/module manufacturers (including thin-film batteries), inverter enterprises, power plant EPC, PV mounting systems, PV enterprises, supporting solar thermal enterprises.

2014 “Arctic star Cup” CREC annual most by welcomes top ten PV Enterprise award activities is by Arctic star solar PV network, and Arctic star grid joint hosted, CREC organizing Committee hosted, get has China power reported, and China industrial reported, and electromechanical commercial reported, and Sohu network (green), and China new energy network, and 5E new energy network, and China economic network, and bit network, more than 20 over media of vigorously support and enthusiasm participation. 2014 “Polaris Cup” CREC annual top ten most popular PV industry awards event will be organized jointly with the Organizing Committee of the CREC, at which time award winning 70 enterprises will be in CREC2014 China (Wuxi) international renewable energy Conference and Expo on the appreciation dinner marks the beginning the award.

Award details:

First, selection criteria

1. the company through independent research and development during the past three years, way of transferee or recipient, mergers and acquisitions, exclusive licensing or by more than 5 years, for its main product (service) of core technologies with independent intellectual property rights;

2. business scope includes entities, sales income of no less than 30 million yuan in the past year of the enterprise;

3. the hours of operation of the company for at least two years;

4. the leading company in the industrial chain, enterprise research and development organization and management levels, the technology transfer capacity, the number of independent intellectual property rights, indicators such as sales and total assets growth of leading in the industry as a whole;

5. company in a competitive market, with a non-monopolistic characteristics;

6. the company over a three-year period without any major issues (including security issues, financial issues, credit problems, etc).

Primary election signed by the companies themselves. Polaris solar PV NET selection Committee considers five key indicators: captains of industry, innovation, competition, sustainable development, eco-friendly, harmonious development.

Second, the selection mechanism

1. the primary registration

Online registration: download or obtain application form from the Polaris solar NET, complete the application form, stamped with the company’s cachet or contract seal has been completed, fax to Polaris solar PV NET.

2. the Committee considered

Receipt of application form for members of the Organizing Committee will award related to the company’s application for approval of intent, selected 25 companies eligible for selection types.

3. the final stage

Members of the group will be selected according to the final results, arrange editors improving access to materials related to qualifications of participating companies, selected companies formally launched.

4. selection of cycles

September 5 – September 22 participating companies

September 22 – October 11 online voting

Published on October 14, the results, and synchronized on Polaris strategic media releases

Award ceremony was held on November 6 in Wuxi

Third, the voting rules

1. the polling date: September 22, 2014-October 11, 2014 18:00;

2. the award voting consists of seven categories, each class elected in accordance with the number of votes the top ten enterprises;

3. in line with the principles of fair, the campaign fully open, each class limited to take once a day, each time you select a maximum of three enterprises;

4. this vote is of the form: the Member voting, mobile voting;

Note: the phone vote only when it is used for the first time need verification, vote multiple times without once again verify;

5. the total number of selected places: the “participating” in principle participate in each category not more than 25;

6. the award non-malicious brush vote fraud, extra vote invalid (System unstable to carry out the daily ticket, all suspected brush votes, will be deducted from deducted or append the appropriate number of votes, and run businesses in less than 24 hours without vote);

7. this campaign is purely welfare activities, activities or voting is free.

Contact person: Chief Editor Tel: 010-57479881 QQ:791151941

Full resolution draft looking for photovoltaic and nuances in the new deal new deal of vigor

Polaris solar PV net news: on September 4, 2014, the energy Bureau of the National Energy Board issued the notice on further implementation of distributed photovoltaic-related policies. Our overall view is as follows:

One, self distributed photovoltaic plates May be highly recommended, distributed development is divided into three phases: the first phase, distributed PV market formed a mature business model, first of all in business to promote large-scale second stage, distributed PV asset market value is widely recognized, harder to transfer of assets or securities, asset turnover is expected to further accelerate. The third stage, lowering the cost of distributed PV to reach power parity, industrial and commercial distributed PV from the subsidy-dependent, distributed PV market the real growth began to erupt.

Policy landing as scheduled, generally in line with market expectations, some details are beyond market expectations. We believe we landed in no way implied plate end of the market, but industry trends begin. Since September, we will see two levels of bullish: policy level: financing subsidies gradually liberalized, distributed in photovoltaic power prices are expected to rise, distributed photovoltaic charging mode changes; industry level: policy ground lead to project stability increased yields, rising business investment impulse, explosive growth in the industry is expected to.

Second, the most important of the adjustment policies include:

(1) when filing your distributed project can choose “spontaneous use, residual power” or “full access” as a model, based on “spontaneous use, residual power” mode-executed projects, significant reduction in electricity load (disappear) or power supply unable to meet their circumstances, allow changes to “full Internet” mode. Internet of electricity subsidy that can be adjusted to benchmark, means that distributed photovoltaic project rate of return is guaranteed, that is the minimum yield for the benchmark yields on electricity price (8%). The policy once implementation will brings two a level of effects, first is construction level, distributed PV field in wait-and-see State of funds will quickly inflow, half enterprise on set of roof project will began accelerated construction; second is financing level, distributed project proceeds rate once get fallback, after must period cash flow of validation Hou, project itself recognized degrees improve, commercial banks will spontaneous for loan, and through other financial tool for lever of further zoom, industry overall ROE will obviously improve.

(2) in ground or using agricultural big shed, no power consumption facilities construction, and to 35,000 v and the following voltage grade access grid (Northeast 66,000 v and the following), and single project capacity not over 20,000-kilowatt and by electricity main in and dot variable radio district elimination na of PV station project, into distributed PV power scale indicators management, the article policy once implemented, enterprise will priority construction East small ground distributed project, equivalent East ground distributed project record difficulty reduced, industry construction obviously accelerated, We expect the annual installed capacity is expected to more than 4GW, far exceeding market gloom before (1-2GW).

(3) clear proposed on in spontaneous use mainly of distributed PV power project by construction scale indicators limit Shi, provincial energy competent sector should timely transfers solution or to national energy Council applications append scale indicators, means with spontaneous use mainly of distributed PV power project not by scale indicators of strictly control, once commercial mode formed, demand will appeared obviously increased, enterprise can through applications append scale indicators, is expected to future East distributed total is expected to beyond planning expected.

(4) Note that give priority to safeguard the construction of demonstration zones and other planning is clear and conditions implemented projects annual scale target, distributed projects in favour of non-model in the second half, driven good distributed/carrier-building projects promote.

(5) encourage distributed generation projects to participate in emissions trading, we believe that with the rise of domestic carbon emissions trading market, participating in the distributed project development and operation of the company is likely to get another additional revenue from carbon emissions trading, according to our calculations, average annual revenue is expected to hit 6.12 million per MW of PV power generation projects, distributed project yields some positive impact.

Third, we remain bullish on EPC and distributed downstream operations link. Distributed mainly in Golden Sun project before 2014, construction output is low (3GW), we expect the second half of 2014 policy adjustment after the implementation of China’s construction of distributed PV began to accelerate, the annual installed capacity is expected to reach more than 4GW, showing explosive growth. Without considering the cost conditions over the next 3 years installed Central 9GW, but taking into account the cost of PV decreased at an annual rate of more than 10%, new installed capacity is expected to remain more than 20% of high growth.

Distributed power plant EPC implemented high turnover, disposable income and profits, new installed capacity growth to stable growth in the coming years, but due to the technical barrier is not high, there is a risk of competition led to lower profit margins in the future.

Characteristics of the power plant operation with low turnover and high gross margins, and with the new installed capacity growth and has an accumulated growth trend, we are expecting over the next 3 years under the present subsidy model of distributed PV installed capacity has added an average around 9GW, cumulative installed capacity growth over 50%.

Falling as the cost of photovoltaic, PV power station in China large-scale development in the coming years will bring the explosive growth of the plant and operation part. Due to the high power station operation part funding barriers, tariff income stability, is expected to sustain higher yield levels in the field, we are increasingly optimistic about the PV power plant and operation part.

Four, and recommended subject matter: Solarfun electronic (commercial mode has advantage, is expected to became East distributed leading), and Sun power (benefit Yu distributed market started led inverse variable device market needs increased, in Anhui Province within distributed project has strong advantage), and love Kang technology (success transformation station operations, project expansion speed fast), and sea run PV (engaged in distributed PV EPC, has more roof resources), and Societe Generale solar (domestic distributed PV EPC leading enterprise, national layout).

Concern subject matter: longi shares (distributed market started, Crystal technology has high conversion efficiency advantage, is expected to obtained promotion), and Rainbow fine of (transformation distributed PV operations field, main advantage in South), and zhongtian technology (engaged in Jiangsu Province distributed construction), and China Light shares (and shareholders Wuxi country Alliance together construction distributed PV), and Sen source electrical (Henan province distributed PV leading enterprise),.

Before we set the policy adjustment and the draft comparative analysis, reviews are as follows:

Final file: attaches great significance to the development of distributed PV. Photovoltaic power generation is an important emerging industries of strategic importance, and vigorously promote photovoltaic applications to optimize the energy structure and energy security, improve the ecological environment, changes in urban and rural areas is of great strategic significance. Wide range of distributed PV applications, in both urban and rural construction, industry, agriculture, transportation, public facilities and other areas has broad application prospects, is an important force in promoting the revolution in energy production and consumption, and for promoting stable growth structure and accelerate reform an important measure to improve people’s livelihood. Pay great attention to the development of regions strategic significance of distributed PV, active, innovative mechanisms and holistic approach of distributed PV applications.

Comments: the text does not appear in the draft, the strategic significance of distributed PV to higher levels, namely, to promote steady growth structure and accelerate reform initiatives to improve people’s livelihood, requesting the all-round support to promote the development of distributed PV and clear determination to Department of energy to develop distributed PV.

Final file: enhance the application of distributed PV generation planning. To include photovoltaic energy development in various regions and urban construction planning, provincial energy departments to organize industrial enterprises concentrated in cities and counties and development zones, application building photovoltaic roofs and other venues in the system resource investigation, considering the roof area and the load conditions, such as preparation of distributed PV generation plan, combined with the development conditions of the annual plan. The new energy model city, green energy demonstration counties, new energy application and demonstration areas, distributed photovoltaic power generation demonstration area to develop distributed PV generation plan, and implementation of key construction projects of the year. Priority protection of all kinds of demonstration zones and other planning clear annual scale of implemented projects and building condition index.

Sought views draft: strengthened distributed PV power application planning work, regions should height attention PV power application on optimization energy structure, and control air pollution, and promoting new town of construction of major meaning, will PV power into related planning, levels energy competent sector to organization industrial enterprise concentrated of City County and economic zone and various industrial park, system carried out can installation PV building roof and the other places of resources survey work. Considering roof area, the load conditions, such as compilation of distributed PV application planning, building owners willing and ready to install photovoltaic units work with a construction plan. Provincial energy departments in the allocation of annual scale indicators, construction conditions have been implemented precisely give priority to safeguard the planning of projects. The new energy model city, green energy demonstration counties, new energy demonstration zones, distributed PV Application demonstration zones to develop and improve distributed PV generation. Application planning and implementation of key construction projects on an annual, national demonstration zone of all types at the annual scale management of priority protection.

Reviews: on government responsibility subject more clear, requirements province energy competent sector prepared distributed PV application planning, and pointed out that priority guarantees various demonstration district and other planning clear and construction conditions implementation of project of annual scale indicators, than sought views draft in the more mentioned has planning clear and construction conditions implementation of project, conducive to second half of non-demonstration of distributed project of promoted, good Solarfun electronic, and Sun power, and love Kang technology, distributed construction/operators of project promoted.

Final file: encourage multiple forms of distributed PV applications. Fully equipped building roof (including subsidiary free site) resources to encourage roof area, the load zone of the large, high power prices and large businesses lead in the PV applications. Encourage local governments at all levels in State-subsidized matching based on finance subsidy policy, and public institutions, and affordable housing and increasing support in the countryside. Encourage railway station (including the high speed rail station), Expressway, airport terminals, large integrated transportation hub building, large stadiums and parks and other public facilities to promote photovoltaic power generation, in the planning and design of buildings and other facilities will be PV applications as an important element, encouraging construction of large enterprise groups to Affiliate Organization for the harmonization of distributed PV projects. The use of abandoned land, barren slopes, beaches, ponds, lakes, agriculture greenhouses, such as building local absorptive distributed photovoltaic power plant. Encourage construction of distributed PV new poverty alleviation, rural areas and farmers, agricultural facilities combine, promoting agricultural and rural development and improvement to the livelihood of rural residents. For all kinds of spontaneous use of distributed solar power projects are under construction scale indicator limit, provincial energy departments should adjust in a timely manner to resolve or to apply to the National Energy Board up-scale indicators.

Drafts: drum help to carry out various forms of distributed PV applications. Focus to support the roof area, the load, high power prices in industrial areas and large industrial and commercial enterprises to develop PV applications and equip fully use the roof. Encourage local governments at all levels in national power subsidies based on supporting investment subsidies or electricity subsidies, schools, hospitals, public institutions and other public welfare and get a town and all kinds of distributed photovoltaic applications appropriate to increase affordable housing and rural support. At the train station (including the high speed rail station), highway service areas, and related facilities, airport terminals, large roof integrated transportation hubs, large stadiums and car parks and other public facilities to promote distributed PV. Encouraging the construction of large enterprise groups to its affiliate organization for the harmonization of distributed PV engineering and distributed PV applications as an important enterprise energy saving and emission reduction work. Utilization of waste land and barren hills, beaches, ponds, lakes, agriculture greenhouse construction of land resources, such as photovoltaic power generation project, voltage connected to the grid at 35,000 volts and below (item volume less than 20MW) and the electricity transformer district, and outlets to dissolve, do the local PV benchmark pricing policies. Distributed generation grid enterprises reference through the “green channel” for providing efficient and convenient access.

Reviews: clear proposed on in spontaneous use mainly of distributed PV power project by construction scale indicators limit Shi, provincial energy competent sector should timely transfers solution or to national energy Council applications append scale indicators, this article for distributed PV industry major good, means with spontaneous use mainly of distributed PV power project not by scale indicators of strictly control, once commercial mode formed, demand will appeared obviously increased, enterprise can through applications append scale indicators, Is expected to follow the East is expected to exceed the total distributed planning expectations.

Distributed PV roof concept is not limited to distributed, derelict land, barren slopes, beaches, ponds, lakes, agriculture greenhouses, such as building local absorptive distributed PV power station due to the direct access to distribution networks, business model clearer, encouraged after unlocking will quickly increase in that part of the building, became distributed construction of one of the major markets for nearly two years.

Stressed the need for rural markets, launched the benchmark rate would effectively release the low price high quality roofing resources and rural roof market release of resources for effective expansion of distributed PV market, the market is further enhanced.

Final file: strengthening roof integrated and coordinated use of resources. Encouraged local governments to build photovoltaic application coordination mechanisms to guide building owner (including users) build their own or in cooperation with professional business building roof PV power generation projects, active coordination of grid access, project documentation, construction administration, and so on. Of roof area reaches a certain size and suitable for photovoltaic applications, new construction and extension of buildings, install photovoltaic generation facilities or reservation request synchronization installation conditions. Government investment or financial assistance, affordable housing, public buildings new towns and new countryside construction, photovoltaic applications should be given priority. Local governments according to local conditions, through such means as development of model contract, leading enterprises in the region to establish standard photovoltaic energy management service contract model. Local governments may extend PV applications into energy-saving evaluation and reward-penalty system, and eliminate distributed PV power generation units according to the conversion of energy involved in the transaction. Encourages distributed solar power projects in accordance with the participation of the interim measures for the administration of voluntary greenhouse gas emission reduction trading domestic trading in voluntary emission.

Drafts: strengthened coordination with the architectural cliff tops use of resources and manpower. Distributed in photovoltaic applications demonstration area and other regions of the great potential of local photovoltaic application coordination mechanism should be established to guide building owner (including users) active in photovoltaic applications. About the large and suitable for installing photovoltaic roof buildings. Local governments should actively coordinate the building owner (including users) build their own or in cooperation with specialized photovoltaic power generation enterprises building rooftop PV projects and handle the grid access, project documentation, construction administration, provide coordination support. On new construction and extension of buildings above a certain size, may require the simultaneous installation of photovoltaic power generation facilities or reserve installation conditions, rooftop solar resources condition is good and the great energy-saving architectural photovoltaic applications should be included. Government investment or about the political benefits of public buildings, affordable housing, and building new towns and new countryside, preference should be given to photovoltaic applications. Local governments according to local conditions, in accordance with the relevant regulations and policies of the premise, contract energy management investment and operation of photovoltaic power generation project electricity prices in preferential margins (rent or the roof) and other common conditions. PV applications into local government buildings should be energy conservation evaluation and reward-penalty system, and eliminate distributed PV power generation units according to the conversion of energy and the carbon emissions involved in the transaction.

Reviews: forced efforts more big, requirements public building, and guarantees sex housing, and new town and new rural construction priority considered distributed PV application, through Government guide of way gradually open distributed PV market, we think in currently distributed PV assets no get effective recognized of situation Xia, Government of promoted promoting first batch degrees electric subsidies mode Xia distributed project of application, as distributed PV assets of benchmark sample, after a time cash flow of validation, assets of recognized degrees will sharply improve, Distributed PV will be more market-oriented.

Encourage distributed generation projects to participate in emissions trading, we believe that with the rise of domestic carbon emissions trading market, participating in the distributed project development and operation of the company is likely to get another additional revenue from carbon emissions trading, according to our calculations, average annual revenue is expected to hit 6.12 million per MW of PV power generation projects, distributed project yields some positive impact.

Final file: improving distributed photovoltaic engineering standards and quality control. Strengthen photovoltaic products, PV engineering and construction and installation of photovoltaic power generation facility safety assessment and management, load verification, installation, wind, earthquake, fire, lightning, the strict implementation of national standards and engineering specifications. Parallel operation of photovoltaic power generation projects and enjoy government subsidies at all levels of non-grid-connected PV power generation projects, subject to approval by CNCA certification bodies the certification of photovoltaic products. Construction equipment procurement bids should be explicitly requested using certified photovoltaic products, the construction unit shall have corresponding qualifications. Various parts of the city and County (district) Government to set up an integrated and coordinated management of architectural photovoltaic applications mechanism, strengthening quality management and safety supervision of distributed solar power projects. Local governments at various levels shall not be arbitrarily set up approval and pay matters, shall not be restricted in line with national standards and market access conditions for products to enter the local market, not to project unit made unreasonable requirements for procurement of local products, not to provide protection to the inferior product in various ways.

Draft for comment: no difference.

Comment: emphasis on quality management problems of distributed PV, we believe in electricity subsidies mode, enterprises will be more spontaneous quality standards for power plant, Government oversight of product standards to the market is conducive to market development.

Final file: to establish simple and efficient mechanism of standardized project management work. Energy authorities at all levels to pay close attention to develop modus operandi of distributed solar power projects for record management, urged cities and counties (districts) energy authorities the establishment of distributed solar power projects for the record receive window, establishing specification for simple and efficient working processes, clear project conditions of filing and processing time, and announced to the public. Encourages cities and counties (district) Government set up a “one-stop” Windows Management Services, the establishment of multisectoral management of efficient coordination mechanisms and dovetail with the grid companies project network conditions and grid services. Individual residential (individually-owned commercial construction) construction of distributed solar power projects, direct descendants accepts an application for grid-connected power grid enterprises to the local administrative Department of energy project record.

Draft for comment: no difference.

Comments: currently distributed filing processes are relatively slow, emphasized improving records management rules, establish simple and efficient standard work processes, would help streamline project procedures of enterprises, reduce distributed development more difficult. Requires grid companies to individual distributed direct-descendant individuals receiving such an application to the local administrative Department of energy project for the record, personal construction of distributed effectively simplifying the procedures, effectively encourage development of distributed marketing.

Final file: improving the development model of distributed PV. Use rooftops and grounds appurtenant construction of distributed solar power projects in the project record can be selected when “spontaneous use, residual power” or “full access” as a model. “Full Internet” project’s total generating capacity by grid enterprises new benchmark in accordance with local solar power station bid. Has by “spontaneous use, and over electric Internet” mode Executive of project, in electricity load significantly reduced (containing disappeared) or for electricity relationship cannot perform of situation Xia, allows change for “full Internet” mode, project units to to local energy competent sector applications change record, and grid Enterprise signed new of grid agreement and purchased sale electric contract, grid enterprise is responsible for to Treasury and national energy Council applications subsidies directory change. In ground or using agricultural big shed, no power consumption facilities construction, and to 35,000 v and the following voltage grade access grid (Northeast 66,000 v and the following), and single project capacity not over 20,000-kilowatt and by electricity main in and dot variable radio district elimination na of PV station project, into distributed PV power scale indicators management, Executive local PV station benchmark Internet electric price, grid enterprise according to distributed power management provisional approach of 17th article provides and the established of “green channel”, By city or county-level power grid enterprises in accordance with the simplified procedure for grid access and provide the appropriate grid services.

Drafts: settlement and subsidies guarantees increased of distributed PV tariff. Grid enterprise by month (or agreed) and unit of distributed solar power projects (including personal) settlement of tariff and subsidy funds to pay the State. Reserve national politics could be taken the way subsidies, protection of distributed solar power projects of State financial subsidy funds to pay in full and in time put in place. Power grid enterprises to seize the local tax department dealing with non-project invoicing sales and invoicing services. Grid enterprise should do a project subsidy eligibility and subsidy applications and the grant and other statistics. And were asked to submit the relevant information to the Department in charge of energy and regulatory departments. Projects list of eligible quarterly periodic reporting and form working. “Spontaneous use” proportions lower, and electricity load not stable or PV power enterprise and power user cannot perform energy service contract of project, executable PV station benchmark electric price policy, PV power volume by local grid enterprise by national provides of local PV station benchmark electric price policy full acquisition, no longer enjoy national distributed PV subsidies policy, but project units once selected has executive PV station benchmark electric price policy, in principle no longer change.

Comments: distributed project file can be selected when the “spontaneous use, more than power” or “full access” as a model, based on “spontaneous use, residual power” mode-executed projects, significant reduction in electricity load (disappear) or power supply unable to meet their circumstances, allow changes to “full Internet” mode. The big positive policies for distributed industry, Internet of electricity subsidy that can be adjusted to benchmark, means that distributed photovoltaic project rate of return is guaranteed, that is the minimum yield for the benchmark yields on electricity price (8%). The policy once implementation will brings two a level of effects, first is construction level, distributed PV field in wait-and-see State of funds will quickly inflow, half enterprise on set of roof project will began accelerated construction; second is financing level, distributed project proceeds rate once get fallback, after must period cash flow of validation Hou, project itself recognized degrees improve, commercial banks will spontaneous for loan, and through other financial tool for lever of further zoom, industry overall ROE will obviously improve.

In ground or using agricultural big shed, no power consumption facilities construction, and to 35,000 v and the following voltage grade access grid (Northeast 66,000 v and the following), and single project capacity not over 20,000-kilowatt and by electricity main in and dot variable radio district elimination na of PV station project, into distributed PV power scale indicators management, the article policy once implemented, enterprise will priority construction East small ground distributed project, equivalent East ground distributed project record difficulty reduced, industry construction obviously accelerated, We expect the annual installed capacity is expected to more than 4GW, far exceeding market gloom before (1-2GW).

Final file: distributed PV generation of further innovation demonstration zone construction. Continue to promote the construction of demonstration area of distributed PV applications, focusing on specialized management, investment and financing mode and development mode innovation of service mode. In demonstration zones to explore distributed photovoltaic pilot regional electricity trading, allowing distributed PV power generation projects to meet the policies and conditions of the same radio power users sell directly, electricity price for the negotiation, power enterprises are responsible for the transmission and settlement of electricity charges. Encourage demonstration area of financial services in partnership with banks and other financial institutions of the Government Innovation pilot, guarantee funds, public funds through the establishment of public pools for PV power generation projects in the region, inter alia, to provide financial services. Provincial energy departments where conditions making demonstration area implementation plan submitted to the National Energy Board, National Energy Board, in conjunction with other relevant government departments to determine the relevant policies criteria guiding organization of demonstration area. The model of distributed solar power projects in the region (including nearby absorptive distributed PV power station), in accordance with the “first record, appending the size indicator” management methods, in support of the demonstration zone construction continued.

Drafts: distributed photovoltaic power generation demonstration area for further innovation. Have been successful in promoting demonstration zone based on distributed PV generation extends to public agencies, communities, areas such as transport facilities, the construction of new countryside, explore more development mechanisms and applications. System resources such as PV roof condition surveys and diversified use of planning, the establishment of multisectoral coordination mechanism in the Government, innovation development and management mechanisms, creating a more integrated system of quality supervision and management, fair and open access to markets, not to engage in protectionism. National Energy Board in conjunction with the people’s Bank, China Banking Regulatory Commission will guide the State Development Bank, China Construction Bank, agricultural Bank and other financial institutions, unlike the model District Government set up financing mechanisms to support PV applications, through the establishment of a public guarantee fund, establishment of marketing by marketing platforms, such as provide more convenient financial services for photovoltaic power generation. Explore the establishment of distributed solar power projects on the same radio station power system selling other power users, each demonstration zone proposed implementation plans submitted to the National Energy Board. Departments such as the National Energy Board in conjunction with the price, in conjunction with grid enterprises, States and companies to carry out pilot guidance demonstration area. Power enterprises should be applied according to the photovoltaic power generation demonstration area planning and construction processes, timely improve the matching power grid construction and optimized power management, establishing smart grid operating system.

Comment: clearly emphasized the construction of distributed PV demonstration area, distributed in photovoltaic market starts early, through demonstration areas for industry benchmarks, and explore innovative business models and financing models for emerging industry development path. Generating regional electricity trading pilot, allowing distributed PV power generation projects to meet the policies and conditions of the same radio power users sell directly, showing the unified system of distributed energy development on power system challenges, as well as develop distributed energy, Energy Council’s determination to establish electricity trading system. Demonstration area in accordance with the “first record, appending the size indicator” management methods, encourages the expansion of high quality distributed amount of construction projects, promoting the rapid development of the industry.

Final file: improving parallel operation between distributed PV network and services. In cities and counties (districts) power grid enterprises to set up distributed PV generation “one-stop” network service window, clear the incorporation formalities of application conditions, work flow and processing time, and grid enterprises website. Of Corporation units applied for on-grid photovoltaic power generation project, letter of power grid Enterprise shall promptly issue a project connected to the grid view, supporting grid work carried out after the project was completed for the record for individual residential (individually-owned commercial construction) construction of distributed solar power projects, grid enterprises to directly receive and timely incorporation services. Power enterprises should be required to finish and outlets should bear the NET project, in accordance with the technical requirements of power system security context, as far as possible on the user side to lower voltage level access, allows more access to distribution systems, avoid installing unnecessary pressure devices. Project units and grid companies want to cooperate, such as the docking there is some dispute, may apply to the National Energy Board agency coordination. Power enterprises should clearly distinguish between the power meter of total generating capacity of the project, “spontaneous personal use” electricity (including contracts of PV to the electricity consumers in the energy services supply) electricity and Internet access, as well as to electric power dispatching agencies ability to run information transfer project.

Draft for comment: no difference.

Comment: registration and incorporation processes that facilitate the simplification of distributed PV project stream, businesses reduced barriers to entry. Meanwhile, special provisions on personal projects and promoting the personal development of distributed PV.

Final file: strengthening the supporting grid technologies and management system. At all levels of power grid enterprises in distribution network planning and construction, to take full account of local development potential of distributed PV generation, planning and construction of, adopt smart grid technologies, configure the appropriate security and adjustment facilities. Of distributed PV’s big new energy model city, green energy demonstration counties, distributed PV power application and demonstration zones, develop smart distribution grid-building programmes should be synchronized, and building interactive, flexible, safe and reliable distribution system. Includes distributed photovoltaic power predicting and real-time monitoring of the information management system for power distribution network, carry out demand-side response of load management, distributed in photovoltaic integration of real-time dynamic monitoring and transmission control. Encouraged the exploration of micro-grid technology and relatively independent regions, enhancing the capacity of local power grid can support a high proportion of distributed PV generation.

Improving distributed photovoltaic electricity bill settlement and subsidies disbursed. Grid enterprise by month (or agreed) and unit of distributed solar power projects (including personal) settlement of tariff and subsidy funds to pay the State to do a distributed PV electricity forecasting, according to the principle of distributed solar power projects priority use of subsidy funds budgets and plans, protection of distributed solar power projects Fund in full and on time payment of State subsidies in place. Power enterprises should cooperate with the local tax authorities in accordance with the relevant provisions dealing with purchase of distributed solar power projects in electrical products invoicing and tax collection problems. For items that have filed and in accordance with the annual scale management, settlement and subsidies granted electricity grid companies should do well project statistics, and, as required, to the national and provincial Department in charge of energy and the national energy administration agency to submit relevant information. Grid connected project acceptance, power grid Enterprise Agency quarterly report to the Ministry of finance and the National Energy Board projects eligible to apply.

Comments: distributed PV’s large-scale construction is bound to spur construction of distribution network, at the same time, smarter of the distribution network is also conducive to the acceptance and scheduling of distributed PV, so development of distributed PV plus distribution grid plates.

Now part of distributed PV release policies such as subsidies, tax at the local level, such as the absence of effective implementation of obstacle to development has created some of the industry, the document makes it clear that DG settlement of electricity charges and subsidies allocated time, to solve the problem of subsidies was not timely.

Final file: innovative distributed PV financing services. Encourage banks and other financial institutions, combined with features of distributed PV generation and financing needs, providing preferential loans to distributed PV power generation projects, adopt a flexible loan guarantees, an exploration of a project selling electricity charging right pledge of assets and project financing facility. Encourage banks and other financial institutions in collaboration with local authorities to establish a distributed photovoltaic power generation project financing service platform, and photovoltaic power generation enterprises to establish strategic cooperative relations of banks and enterprises, explore effective and there is a market, there are order forms, the credibility of the “four companies” under closed loans. Project encouraged local governments to combine people’s livelihood loan discount policy of distributed PV. Encouraging the use of finance lease, for the integration of PV to provide leasing services, encourage various types of funds, insurance, trust, combined with industrial capital and explore a photovoltaic investment fund, encouraging coverage for small and medium enterprises credit guarantee for construction of distributed PV, carried out in agriculture financial services support the photovoltaic photovoltaic utilization of household and agricultural facilities business. To establish a mechanism of credit loans such as personal income, step by step to install distributed PV facilities credit and high personal-free secured loan.

Drafts: innovative distributed PV financing models. Golden touch bodies such as encouraging banks to combine distributed photovoltaic characteristics and the financing needs of distributed PV generation carries a concessional interest rate, extension of the loan term. Encourages local governments to create photovoltaic investments in public security funding for PV power generation projects within the city to provide loan guarantees. Encouraging the adoption of financing lease for the integration of PV to provide leasing services. Encourage the combination of funds, insurance, trusts and capital, explore the establishment of photovoltaic industry investment fund. Encourages the construction of distributed PV guarantee institutions for SMEs credit guarantee, the positive development of security institutions, strengthening the function of spread risk, increase credit. With personal income as credit conditions for installing distributed PV loans to individuals, may waive collateral requirements for assets. About quality of distributed solar power projects and exploration rights in proceeds from electricity sales and project assets as collateral for a loan mechanism. Promoting the construction of credit guarantee system for small and medium enterprises, to qualified credit guarantee institutions exempt from sales tax.

Comment: this file means that distributed photovoltaic industry financing policy release, PV industry in most of today’s commercial banks are unable to loan policy for financing free of sexual release first step. File pointed out that exploration to project sale electric charges right and project assets for pledge of loan mechanism, we think with distributed PV industry after 1-2 years of development, project of assets value was market widely recognized Hou will achieved commercial financing release, project assets for pledge of loan mechanism will natural formed, industry entered sales and financing end mode while formed of benign cycle, different of financing mode (financing leasing, and assets securities of,) will continues to zoom industry lever, industry overall ROE still has further rose space.

Final file: industrial system and improve public services. Fostering distributed PV systems through market mechanisms for planning, design, construction, evaluation and certification of professional services, operation and maintenance, and other links. Encourage investment in advanced technology, ability, and operating norms enterprise projects in accordance with unified standards of design, construction, construction, management and operation of integrated services, establishment of network marketing and technical service system. Sound engineering design, construction, operation and maintenance of photovoltaic professional qualification certification system, sound professional and the credit management system of institutions and enterprises. Development of PV industry in monitoring and early-warning mechanism, the timely release of information and technology, marketing, production, quality, early warning and forecasting to guide rational and healthy development.

Strengthen the statistical information and monitoring system. National Energy Board to establish and perfect cover photovoltaic project for the record, network applications, schedules, grid-connected capacity, capacity-building, use of information management systems, such as, commissioned by the State Center for renewable energy information management (based on Chinese hydropower planning and Design Institute of water resources). All cities and counties (districts) the Energy Department in completing the project information management system for filing on a monthly provincial energy departments monitor and summarize in a timely manner, national energy administration agency queries to track in a timely manner. State grid Corporation, China Southern power grid company and other power companies on a monthly basis by network applications, network capacity, electricity information, settlement of electricity charges, subsidies, and other statistical information, submitted to the National Energy Board on a monthly and CC countries renewable energy information management center. The provincial Department in charge of energy information management system to submit on a quarterly basis records, construction and operation of the project summary information, half-year report to the National Energy Board’s summary of the report on the development. National renewable energy information management center quarterly, half year and annual report to the National Energy Board national PV statistics and evaluation reports.

Strengthen examination and supervision of policy implementation and market supervision. Agency jointly with the national energy administration distributed PV power system for local energy authorities to strengthen supervision and inspection of the implementation of national and local policies. Dispatched offices of the National Energy Board is responsible for the supervision of distributed PV grid-connected security for power grid enterprises should coordinate work safety supervision and technical support. Establishment of enterprise network services, access program on the power grid, grid operation, power metering, power purchase, settlements, subsidies granted electricity tariffs each link for full supervision of works. Strengthening of distributed PV energy contract and regulation of electricity trading, interested parties when there is a dispute, may apply to the national energy administration agency coordination can also be reflected through the 12398 complaint calls, national energy administration agency should be resolved in conjunction with the coordination of the local energy authorities. Such as power companies fail to access and buy photovoltaic electricity, 29th according to the renewable energy law stipulates legal responsibilities. Dispatched offices of the National Energy Board, in conjunction with provincial energy departments distributed PV to carry out special supervision, according to special supervision for half a year, the annual report to the National Energy Board report, and in an appropriate manner to the public, timely reporting of major problems found.

Comments: established industry standards and quality management system is the immediate needs of distributed industry accelerated to guide the healthy development of the industry upon completion. Strengthening the statistical information and monitoring system showed that the Energy Council on the development of distributed PV attention regularly to track projects, subsidies and other issues is conducive to rectifying the problems that occur on the industry in a timely manner.

Original title: full resolution draft looking for photovoltaic and nuances in the new deal new deal of vigor

Miit: four quarters or PV industry in China jump

Polaris solar PV net news: Reporter, August 19 from the Ministry was informed that the first half of 2014, photovoltaic industry development in China continued a warming trend since the second half of last year, generally in a State of development.

Data shows that by the end of June 2014, polysilicon prices rose 29.3%, component prices rose 7.3%. Polysilicon production enterprises by 7 at the beginning of last year increased to 16, several key battery to turn them around, part of continuing profitable key enterprises.

First half of this year, China poly silicon productions from 62,000 tonnes, an increase of 100%. According to preliminary statistics, the PV manufacturing industry output of more than 150 billion yuan in the first half.

The operation of the PV manufacturing industry standardized conditions attracted industry attention, some backward production capacity planning or beginning to exit, and industrial restructuring was evident. Part of the merger and reorganization of enterprises will increasingly strong and promote industry concentration ratio has continued to improve, first half of the top 10 production nearly 60% per cent of the whole industry, top 5, polysilicon companies accounted for more than 80%.

In addition, local support policy promulgation of PV application to diversify, but incorporation policy and business models are still not perfect, the excessive growth of the market in the early to late effects such as shrinking demand, domestic PV market dropped significantly in the first half of this year, new grid-connected photovoltaic installed capacity is about 3.3GW, which distributed about 1GW.

Is expected as the international industrial development, especially four-quarter since Sprint 10GW domestic installed capacity goal, PV industry in China jump might occur, forming shock development curve, industry will remain deep correction.

Original title: Ministry: four quarters or PV industry in China jump

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Yunnan tianda photovoltaic 120MW battery line was taken by Changzhou company 8.5 million

Polaris solar PV net news: on September 3, the Yunnan tianda photovoltaic technology Corporation (hereinafter “Yunnan tianda”) of photovoltaic equipment auction ends, auction price is approximately 8.5 million dollars, was shot by a trading company in Changzhou, Jiangsu.

Four-line has sold more than 8 million cheap

This year July, Kunming a auction company on Yunnan days up of a solar PV equipment and inventory for public auction, including: ① dedicated machine equipment, and production supporting equipment and General equipment 94 Taiwan (sets) (as: reduction reflection film manufacturing equipment PEVCD, and online type acid type surface woven frame processing equipment, and printing equipment, and screen printing system, and laminated machine, and points selected equipment, and automation logistics system (stereo library), and powered equipment, and business water equipment,); II raw materials (polysilicon tablets, and Silicon tablets, and aluminum framework, and Wiring box,); ③ produced finished (solar component, and low w value component, and more (single) crystal silicon battery tablets,); II efficient solar and the component technology project involving of built machine equipment, printing equipment, and reduction reflection film manufacturing equipment, and points selected equipment, and wet carved Eclipse insulated machine, and infrared dry sintering furnace,; ⑤ electronic equipment has: barcode printer, and beauty of air conditioning, and washing machine, 25 items.

According to public auction information auction reserve price of the equipment and inventory for 24 million dollars. Auctioneers told AFP, “before the stock was sold yesterday just sell equipment auctioned about 8.5 million Yuan. “The reporter was informed that the 8.5 million dollars including 120MW battery production line of related devices, is shot by a trading company in Changzhou.

Insiders told reporters, the value of used equipment depends on device configuration and environment. To 120MW cell lines, for example, value of around 25 million by the end of last year, this year’s prices are much lower. “But four sold more than 8 million lines is certainly cheaper. ”

He said, a company recently bought 75MW battery cable and peripheral devices, and spent more than 10 million.

Enterprise reform missed the golden period of development

Public data show that Yunnan tianda formerly known as Yunnan semiconductor device factory, founded in 1977, is China’s first solar cell, battery modules, photovoltaic systems and accessory products research and manufacture of high-tech enterprises.

Yunnan semiconductor device factory has taken on the “85″, “95″ and “XV” scientific and technological projects, including “95″ scientific and technological projects of “crystalline silicon solar cell mass production manufacturing technology research and development”, won the national science and technology award for outstanding achievements in scientific and technological research from four ministries. In addition, the national standard GB/T14007-92 the standard of total terrestrial solar cell and national GB/T9535-1998 of the terrestrial crystalline silicon PV modules design qualification and type, which is responsible for drafting. In 2000, when the plant achieved a solar cell with an average conversion rate of 14.5%.

China Solar photovoltaic energy system Standardization Technical Committee of Yunnan semiconductor device factory: “in the past more than 20 years, has made an indelible contribution to the development of PV industry in China itself has a pretty solid foundation. ”

Since 2002, the global photovoltaic industry entered a rapid growth period, while Yunnan semiconductor device factory began the long enterprise reform, so that it missed a golden period.

On January 18, 2005, China North Industries Group in Northern Xian optoelectronic Ltd and Xinhua nine companies such as light as co-sponsors, in Yunnan semiconductor device factory was established on the basis of Yunnan tianda photovoltaic technology company limited, registered capital of 62 million dollars. Yunnan tianda group solar energy industries as a weapon of the development of the most important platforms, planned for 2008 to enter the domestic solar panels for the first three digits.

Subsequently subjected repeatedly to increase capital and shareholding modification, Yunnan tianda increased from 207 million yuan of registered capital. Optoelectronic Corporation as the controlling shareholder of the North, stake 87.92%, Thailand natural Weng Qinggui for equity shareholders, to 12.08% per cent.

In 2011, under the lower subsidies and overcapacity in the European Photovoltaic market impact of PV industry in China have been hurt. Under the influence of Yunnan tianda under operating conditions and steep turns nasty.

In 2010, the Yunnan tianda annual net profit of 18.2706 million dollars. By the year 2011, the company’s performance plummeted when losses reached 94.8129 million Yuan, 2012 loss was increased to 150 million dollars.

Finally, unable to “survive” the tianda photovoltaic halted in late 2012. On March 14, 2013, major shareholder of Yunnan tianda photovoltaic company and controlling shareholder of the North North optical Group Ltd has signed the Convention on Yunnan tianda photovoltaic technology Corporation of the share transfer agreement, Northern company will transfer all its 87.92% stake of Yunnan tianda optical group to the North. Property assessment data shows that day up to 87.92% per cent transfer price of RMB 87095134.56.

Based on the appraisal report, as of base date December 31, 2012, Yunnan tianda estimated value of the total assets of 911.0461 million Yuan, the estimated value of the total liabilities of 811.9843 million Yuan, estimated value of the net assets of 99.0618 million Yuan.

In 2013, the Yunnan tianda heads a media interview, “says company settled has entered the production stage, and no longer produce photovoltaic products. “The speech was filled with regret.

Original title: Yunnan tianda 120MW battery line was taken by Changzhou company 8.5 million

Longi stock 2014 wafer sales in the first half of 789MW

Polaris solar PV net news: major silicon manufacturers longi silicon materials (LONGiSiliconMaterials) recently reported that 2014 wafer sales in the first half of 789MW, up 41% from a year earlier.

Longi silicon materials report 2014 earn about $ 236 million during the first six months, up 49.87% from a year earlier. Net profit of about us $ 1807 431.99% increase from a year earlier.

Wafer sales abroad accounted for total sales over the period of 78%, however, the company noted that the subsidies will continue to promote efficient monocrystalline silicon wafer demand, China’s growing demand, particularly for distributed generation projects.

All silicon wafer manufacturing process of the company has been committed to research and development activities, during budget amounted to $ 23.4 million. During this time the company adding 500MW of new capacity to meet future demand.

Original title: 2014 longi silicon materials silicon wafer sales in the first half of 789MW

Polaris solar network on September 4 news reviews

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar network on September 4 News, complain to flaunt “keep” who is making money and who in the hell of the photovoltaic industry, the further implementation of distributed PV walk sign the notice relating to the policy program will be formally issued, the PV inverter suppliers battleground, as follows:

Complain to flaunt “keep” who is making money and who in the hell of the photovoltaic industry

Issued the notice on further implementation of distributed photovoltaic-related policies through signing process will be formally issued

PV inverter suppliers battleground

Photovoltaic power generation go farther (sample ˙ to observe economic line)

GCL-poly or auction *ST Suri PV-acquisitions craze

Concord half-year net profit of 900 million rose 200% poly silicon costs are expected to drop

Easy-billion agreement signed build greenhouses photovoltaic power generation project

Acquire stakes in Yun Ye new energy 90% Trina white of Yunnan’s largest single photovoltaic power plant

Vigorously promoting the development of PV industry in Inner Mongolia 5 Park becoming a tendency to cluster

Day six-company announcement to invest in new energy capture “piled on” scene

Wuxi grid first earn 4500 Yuan a year tariff

India solar energy development over the next decade: installed capacity or up to 145GW!

When PV poles hacker United States businesses moved out of the tactic of tariffs

Focus on PV power station fault diagnosis–Beijing wood can visit software General Manager Li Weihong

Polaris solar PV net news: August 21, Beijing General Manager Li Weihong wood software in 2014 Conference on photovoltaic power plant investment and financing peak Forum on large-scale PV power station stage of development in the construction and operation and maintenance of existing problems with our industry experts conducted in-depth discussions.

In his speech, he emphasized the completion of construction and operation and maintenance management of photovoltaic power station are facing major bottlenecks. Short construction period, square device number, and covers an area of, and issues such as environment and living conditions are poor, lead to higher failure rate and acceptance problems. Photovoltaic power plant operation and maintenance staff, new personnel stability, such as the reality is even more difficulties in the operation and maintenance management.

As a domestic renewable energy industry and well-known software enterprises, wood has taken field of hydropower, wind power for many years. For solar photovoltaic emerging strategic industries, which surprises they can bring to the industry?

Reporter: why wooden can think of establishing PV power plant remote diagnosis Center, provides remote diagnostics service?

Li Weihong: first half of the year, the national new PV on-grid capacity 3.3 million-kilowatt, about 100% than a year ago. Among them, the new grid-connected PV capacity 2.3 million-kilowatt, 1 million-kilowatt new distributed grid-connected PV capacity. Not difficult to find, PV industry in China has entered the stage of development on a large scale, there are an increasing number of PV power station into operation for more than 20 years. During the operation, operation of power station is the core elements of the power station efficiency. How to plant high running PV owners are most concerned about protection issues.

For PV power plant running status of remote geographical location, transportation, combined with years of experience in the photovoltaic industry and Internet technology, we set up a photovoltaic plant’s distant Diagnostic Center, focus on photovoltaic plant’s distant diagnostic services, for power plant operators to provide “photovoltaic intelligent solutions.” Aims through intelligent (“information + specialization”) operation theory and efficient troubleshooting, runs through the sharing of professional philosophy and technology, continuous upgrading of power plant operation, and enhance operation efficiency.

Reporter: PV value in what aspect of intelligent solutions?

Li Weihong: in view of the current PV bottlenecks faced by completion of construction and operation and maintenance management, we make photovoltaic power generation intelligent solutions can assist PV acceptance on the one hand, on the other hand can meet the needs of efficient PV power station operation and maintenance management. For a 50,000-kilowatt of photovoltaic plant, inverter there are around 100, combiner box 800 or so, battery components, about 190,000 pieces, all devices are checked one by one, the workload is huge, while the equipment (such as inverters and components) are met? Actual acceptance process, is a common practice in the industry inspection, result in acceptance at the end of station a large number of problems still exist, and seriously affected the project’s economic benefits. If by means of intelligent solutions, you log in on the station for all blind acceptance, ensure the quality of engineering and equipment performance standards. Intelligent solutions for a timely alarm for equipment failures, especially on string-level fault diagnosis, as opposed to sampling is not only efficient, but cover the whole power station fault detection through the inverter and discrete components rate, can measure the power inverter and battery level of the overall operation.

The programme focused Yu group series level fault diagnosis, maximum reduced PV station of electricity loss; through standardized, and Standardization Management, for full improve station integrated efficiency provides has guarantees; smart of solution programme in the big data analysis for equipment performance optimization, and new station of equipment selection, and design optimization provides has according to; station management personnel and the group can through browser, and phone, variety access way anytime, anywhere control multiple station run status, Operations staff may be available through a mobile phone and other mobile device the fault and defect elimination in a timely manner.

Also, the programme can automatically provides accurate of report, break traditional of artificial statistics way, will station and the group headquarters staff from cumbersome of report statistics work in the Liberation; through Sun shipped dimension, achieved led layer on station of effective regulatory; achieved exception branch report a key export, station shipped dimension personnel just carrying export of report can to square in the for equipment fault elimination deficiency, makes shipped dimension became simple, and easily, and efficient.

Reporter: what are the most compelling success stories?

Li Weihong: success case has covered cumulative installed 2 Kat w of PV station, which, typical of case including in the electric voted yellow hydropower Dragon sheep Gorge water light complementary 320,000-kilowatt PV station, and in the electric voted yellow hydropower Qinghai Golmud 300,000-kilowatt PV station, and country electric in Inner Mongolia siziwang banner 100,000-kilowatt PV station, and China hydropower construction new energy company wuwei 50,000-kilowatt PV station, and yellow company new energy station concentrated operations analysis system, and Shanghai space electromechanical PV station operations regulatory platform, and Zhenfa new energy PV power plant decision analysis system, State power in Inner Mongolia photovoltaic power plant MIS systems, etc.

Reporter: you mentioned the free PV power station running diagnostic and capacity upgrade consulting services, what are the specific contents? How does service?

Li Weihong: plant diagnostic services nationwide have been put into operation of photovoltaic power plant launched a free service, this service is aimed at intelligence (information + specialization) in philosophy, continuous upgrading of power plant operation, thereby enhancing the power plant generating capacity. At present, our professional plant diagnostic services team has more than one plant services, according to our theoretical analysis and actual verification, PV electricity does have a larger room, 4.95%, up to 18.82%, on average, about 7%, the effect is very notable.

Original title: dedicated to photovoltaic power station fault diagnosis–Beijing wood can visit software General Manager Li Weihong

20,000-kilowatt following PV industry the new deal into the distributed scale indicator

Polaris solar PV net news: on September 4, the PV industry of the industry have been looking forward to the formal introduction of the new deal. Released today by the National Energy Board issued the notice on further implementation of distributed photovoltaic-related policies (hereinafter referred to as the notice), and further clarified in terms of price, incorporations and subsidies of distributed PV incentives.

The notification clearly: “the use of abandoned land, barren slopes, beaches, ponds, lakes, agriculture greenhouses, such as building local absorptive distributed PV. “This means that this” embarrassment “PV projects will be incorporated into the unified management of distributed PV projects, enjoying preferential policies and subsidies.

Insiders told reporters, this will bring positive stimulus for PV investment: “have some ground of distributed PV and PV companies have started offering financing. ”

Notification in the most by industry concern of is: “in ground or using agricultural big shed, no power consumption facilities construction, and to 35,000 v following voltage grade access grid (Northeast 66,000 v and the following), and single project capacity not over 20,000-kilowatt and by electricity main in and dot variable radio district elimination na of PV station project, into distributed PV power scale indicators management, Executive local PV station benchmark Internet electric price, grid enterprise according to distributed power management provisional approach of 17th article provides and the established of” Green passage “, by the prefecture-level city or county-level power grid enterprises in accordance with the simplified procedure for grid access and provide the appropriate grid services. ”

Veteran solar industry analyst Shi Hongwei told reporters, in addition to further clarify this Circular distributed PV “full Internet access, and in accordance with local benchmark price settlement”, but also requires power grid supports from various aspects, and to protection distributed PV Project Fund in full and on time payment of State subsidies in place.

The notice also makes clear: “various types of spontaneous use of distributed solar power projects are under construction scale indicator limit, provincial energy departments should adjust in a timely manner to resolve or to apply to the National Energy Board up-scale indicators. ”

The requirements of the notice: “the parallel operation of photovoltaic power generation projects and enjoy government subsidies at all levels of non-grid-connected PV power generation projects, subject to approval by CNCA certification bodies the certification of photovoltaic products. ”

In addition, individual residential (individually-owned commercial construction) construction of distributed solar power projects, direct descendants accepts an application for grid-connected power grid enterprises to the local administrative Department of energy project record.

Original title: 20,000-kilowatt following PV industry the new deal into the distributed scale indicator

PV policy thought further market expansion

Polaris solar PV net news: the National Energy Board issued the notice on further implementation of distributed PV policy published on September 4, against the restricting factors of the current development of the distributed generation market for comprehensive policy adjustments. Compared to last year’s distributed photovoltaic-related policies, adjustment of the “new deal” the biggest highlight is the full Internet access and new formulations of price subsidies. Market analysts believe that policy thought further, market expansion, solar companies are expected to compete to gain industry-wide chain.

Industry calls for shift in policy

Last August, for the implementation of the State Council on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry advises the requirement, on play, national development and Reform Commission issued notification of price leverage to promote healthy development of the photovoltaic industry, clear basic policy framework for distributed PV power generation. But after the policy did not lead to the construction of distributed solar power projects. According to the national energy Bureau, China’s new distributed solar PV installed capacity of 1GW, accomplished only 8GW goals for this new year prepared by the beginning of the National Energy Board 12.5%.

The industry have pointed out that distributed PV starts hard, mainly regarding the financing, incorporations and key policies such as price subsidies could not be further improved in place, uncertain returns. So far this year, the industry has been calling for to proceed to the appropriate policy adjustments.

This notification will dredge step by step a series of factors that restrict the development of the industry. Such as, in industrial park zhiwai, policy encourages using abandoned land, and mountain shortage Po, and agricultural big shed construction station, and in-depth rural and agricultural facilities combines; in financing aspects, encourages Bank, financial institutions and local government cooperation established distributed PV power project financing service platform, on distributed PV power project provides offers loan, exploration to project sale electric charges right and project assets for pledge of loan mechanism.

Brokerage analysts told reporters, this notice the biggest bright spot, knowing the future development model of distributed PV question. Notice, the future will be incorporated into the planning of distributed PV demonstration areas, exploring distributed PV electricity trading pilot power station in the project file can be selected when the roof “spontaneous use, residual power” or “full Internet” mode. “Full Internet” project’s total generating capacity by grid enterprises new benchmark in accordance with local solar power station bid. “Spontaneous use, surplus power” mode-executed projects, significant reduction in electricity load or power supply unable to meet their circumstances, allow changes to “full Internet” mode.

For previously is enterprise criticized of distributed electric price subsidies way problem, notification proposed, in ground or using agricultural big shed, no power consumption facilities construction, and to 35,000 v and the following voltage grade access grid (Northeast 66,000 v and the following), and single project capacity not over 20,000-kilowatt and by electricity main in and dot variable radio district elimination na of PV station project, into distributed PV power scale indicators management, Executive local PV station benchmark Internet electric price.

Dredging industry bottlenecks

The introduction of distributed PV “new deal”, by further electricity price subsidy as a key leverage, will vigorously push forward domestic business model of distributed PV projects mature.

The brokerage researcher indicated that, in accordance with the previously enacted by the “0.42 Yuan/degree” subsidy, distributed PV shall be in accordance with actual power to apply for subsidies. Due to the potential for grid-connected and the user’s own problems, it is often difficult to achieve the desired output, greatly reduced the level of benefit is expected. If the reference ground power station new benchmark unified price, you mean that subsidies to the “front end”. This way of subsidies for mature businesses became more confident.

In addition, for distributed electricity generation can be “full Internet”, the researcher said, it would avoid “spontaneous use of” insufficient power load and electricity caused by clearing channels and other problems. Meanwhile, ground power station new benchmark average around 0.8 Yuan/degrees of Internet access pricing, items before generating the amount of subsidies will be 0.42 Yuan/degree 1 time, appropriate ground station of the internal rate of return is expected to reach the same level of 10% per cent. In accordance with the policy intent, this year efforts will be made to ensure that distributed photovoltaic installed above 10GW of scale. Policies under the powerful booster, is expected to set off the construction of distributed solar power projects, and warming will further speed up the pace of the photovoltaic industry.

Many active layout listed company distributed PV development. Eicon Technology disclosed in company control of distributed PV 11.33 megawatts at present, 2013 non-public offering of 970 million yuan of the money raised, mainly used in construction of Wuxi and Suzhou, Ganzhou 80MW total of distributed PV power generation projects. Recent interest linyang electronics, also promoting the construction of distributed PV plants in various locations.

Original title: distributed PV new deal calls for adjustments in the industry policy

25KW! Yanbian’s largest grid-connected PV power generation projects

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, helong city, Yanbian’s largest photovoltaic project–clear Lake grain processing plant 25KW of grid-connected PV power generation projects.

On September 2, the reporters in the area to see that hundreds of solar photovoltaic panels placed neatly in the food processing workshop for the West side of the canopy, blue photovoltaic panels early autumn heat conversion of sunlight into electrical energy. In the facility’s power room marked “green technology” English logo clearly displayed on the instrument: as at 15:56 on the day, the plant has accumulated power 10.8 hours, PV 111kwh.

This reporter learned that, the food-processing plants as well as feed for pigs, the current population at around 1200, daily feed processing, thermal heating and power consumption is very large, especially in the winter breeding sows need long time to use insulation such as lights, electric hot plate, monthly power consumption peaked at more than 6000kwh. “Our agriculture and industrial power divided into two kinds, up 0.92 Yuan per kWh, just electricity from the plant each year alone need more than 30,000 yuan. Now use solar power, not only to be self-sufficient, the excess electricity sold the Internet. Because the project belongs to energy saving and environmental protection projects, the Government paid subsidies, 6 years to recover the cost. “The factory owner Jin Dongchun said, would continue to increase photovoltaic area next year.

According to reports, the plant currently 96 total installed photovoltaic panels, design generation 100kwh a day. Measured by the authoritative departments, the project is expected to produced 900,000 within 25 degrees can save 284.24 tons of standard coal, carbon dioxide emissions to 739.03 tons, 6.25 tonnes of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen compounds, 2.84 tons of dust 4.83 tons. In accordance with the relevant State policies for distributed solar power generation project electricity price subsidy standards for 0.42 Yuan per kilowatt hour.

Original title: 25KW! I was the State’s largest grid-connected PV power generation projects

Japan threatened to create developer PV feed-in tariff subsidy cuts rumored to be eliminated

Polaris solar PV net news: according to Japan Government spokesman, called on Japan nearly 300 large PV project developers may receive the necessary documents to comply with procedures to start the construction, or risk losing electricity price subsidy response seems to have been encouraging.

Seems to overturn the spokesman in recent days have planned from Japan next fiscal year, which began in April 2015, slash electricity price subsidy for rumors.

Trade in the country’s economy, trade and industry (METI), a division of, natural resources and energy renewable energy spokesman KazuyaAoyama said in an interview, “a lot of” developers have responded to the call for developers on the project to produce land use rights to show that construction will continue.

PV projects totals nearly 65GW have access to equipment certification, so far in Japan get electricity price subsidies. However, by the end of March 2014 last year, Japan at the end of fiscal year, the country’s only 8.66GW, however, there is still enough to make Japan close to the top of the list of the installed capacity in the world. As previously reported by the times, since the beginning of February, 288 solar photovoltaic project was approved until March 31 files. Some developers may wait before executing the project costs down there had been the possibility of some controversy, in particular will gain higher electricity price subsidy rates for 2012 fiscal year, so as to maximize its profits. Despite this possibility, but Dr RTSPV HiroshiMatsukawa, an analyst in Tokyo said last week that projects have yet to be has many other causes, including Japan and plight of the use of agricultural land for other purposes.

METI Aoyama said: “because the applications are still in the statistics, figures are given too early. ”

“A lot of people (developers) to METI, submit forms for land use rights, in response to the August 31 deadline. ”

Aoyama said the Department will evaluate the documents and make sure any did not respond in a satisfactory form developers would be likely to face public hearings of the repealed electricity price subsidies. As neither land nor equipment certified developer to set an earlier deadline, causing 144 projects lost its feed-in tariff subsidy. However it was also pointed out that grid is still Japan continued on a large scale deployment of PV’s biggest obstacles.

Aoyama said: “on the projects already approved but not yet put into operation, there are two main problems. One problem is that some developers have signed high price subsidies (in fiscal year 2012) but not yet put into operation, so that when these began operations, it may cause serious public burdens. Another serious problem is to make the grid connected projects. Developers have applied for incorporation, but due to lack of availability, could not be reached. ”

“It will, of course, is likely to affect the ability of developers to apply for new projects. Eventually lined up in 2012 and 2013, projects a priority, including grid-connected. The other hand, a project price subsidies were removed, this will mean a new developers to replace with a new project. ”

The backlog has put pressure on the industry for some time, RTSPV warning of the potential for solar energy of the public backlash. In response to impending rumors of huge fiscal support for solar power, Aoyama said the electricity price subsidy each year until March before deciding, when the electricity price subsidy Panel meets to set rates, so the decision has been made yet.

“The data has not been collected, therefore it cannot make a decision. Meeting of the expert group and to assess the information gathered in the previous year, so they work in a short time, in the last month of the fiscal year. ”

Similarly, Aoyama said no Government to try and shift market focus shifted from large-scale projects to support other specifications of the generating facility-specific plan.

In an interview, the Agency’s Deputy Director YasuhiroGoto spoke briefly, confirms Japan grid scale battery test will be on the grid next year. The batteries will be used to integrate renewable sources of variable output to two local power grids.

Original title: Japan threatened to create developer action, electricity price subsidy cuts rumored to be eliminated

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Perovskite battery: solar industry IA?

Polaris solar PV net news: Introduction: the United States national renewable energy laboratory (NationalRenewableEnergyLaboratory,NREL) published by early 2014 all kinds of solar cell conversion efficiency record. Current record for the highest conversion efficiency concentrator type triple junction solar cells is manufactured by sharp created, up to 44.4%. Perovskite-type solar cells to this article in your statistics is 17.9%, but in fact currently perovskite-type solar cell conversion efficiency has been increased to 19.3%.

Just 5 years from 2009 to 2014, perovskite-type solar cell conversion efficiency jumped from 3.8% to 19.3%, improving by a factor of 5 times. Rapid progress the efficiency, cost of cheap, easy, so much so that by the journal Science, named one of the 10 major scientific breakthroughs in 2013.

Perovskite-type batteries in the end is what? Why have such a greater research impact? It really was the dark horse in the solar cell industry right?

1, perovskite-what is it?

(In Russia he discovered calcium Titanium Ore, hidden in the Harvard Museum of natural history Credit:La2O3 (CCBY-SA3.0license))

Perovskite, English name perovskite, is a common metallic crystals of organic compounds, mainly composed of calcium titanate (CaTiO3). 1839 Germany mineral cigar gusitafu·luosi (GustavRose) in Russia on the territory of the Central Ural mountains found a special kind of rock samples and decided to worship the great Geologist in his mind the LevPerovsk obviously this ore.

But then we generally refer to the perovskite cell (full name: methylamine perovskite-type PB-iodide thin-film solar cells) are not made of this ore material, but using similar compounds with perovskite crystal structure.

2, perovskite crystal structure:

(Sketch of perovskite crystal structure)

The structures of perovskite is ABX3 form. Sharing a BX6 in every corner of this structure is octahedral, where b is the metal cation (Sn2+ or Pb2+), x is an anion (Cl-,Br-or I-). Cation in perovskite a material to be used to offset charges reached electrically neutral, it can be a large RADIUS alkali metal ions, or even a molecule.

This particular crystal structure so that it has a lot of unique physical and chemical properties, such as draw optical, electro-catalytic properties, and so on, in the field of chemistry, physics, has a small application. In the perovskite family now includes hundreds of substances, from conductors, semiconductors, insulators, very wide, many of which are synthetic. Solar cells using perovskite (such as CH3NH3PbI3, CH3NH3PbBr3 and CH3NH3PbCl3) belong to the semiconductor, have good light absorption.

3, development of perovskite Jian Cheng: 5 years-from 3.8% to 19.3%


2009 – Gong Banli shadow Yokohama Tong University (TsutomuMiyasaka) by a thin film of perovskite (CH3NH3PbI3 and CH3NH3PbBr3) as a light absorbing layer used in dye-sensitized solar cells, produced the perovskite-type solar cell. Photoelectric conversion rate at that time was 3.8%. Later researchers have improved the battery converted to over 1 time. Conversion efficiency, but also face a fatal problem, that metal halide perovskite easily hydrolyzed liquid electrolyte in the battery led battery low stability, short life.

August 2012 – by gelazier (Gr which tzel) leadership has been achieved by Sungkyunkwan University and Polytechnic of Lausanne laboratory will be a solid hole transport materials (holetransportmaterials,HTM) into solar cells, cell efficiency improving to 10%, also solves the problem of unstable batteries, also easier to package than before.

Henry • Si Naisi 2013 – the University of Oxford (HenrySnaith) battery of TiO2 use in aluminum (Al2O3) in place, not only became the light absorbing layer perovskite also is transfer charge of semiconductor material. Of the perovskite cell conversion efficiency rose to 15%.

August 2014 – UCLA research team led by Chinese scientists like Yang Yang, latest research papers published in the journal Science, said they improved perovskite layers, select the material more suitable for transmission charge for the battery at both ends of the electrodes can collect more, the conversion efficiency of up to 19.3%, became the area’s largest.

4, perovskite battery advantages:

Conversion efficiency and fast-5 years increased from 3.8% to 19.3% in November 2013 and United States scientists have found in the new study, new perovskite (CaTiO3) or solar cell conversion efficiency of up to 50%, twice times the conversion efficiency of solar cells on the market today, this means it has a lot of potential to be dug up;

Often simple fabrication process–a lab using liquid phase deposition, vapor deposition techniques, mixing liquid/vapor deposition processes;

Power generation costs low–and could even be lower than the thermal power.

Building integrated potential-perovskite-type batteries belong to the thin film solar cells, the key is deposited on the glass, you can also control the thickness of each layer and materials to achieve different degrees of transparency, of course, efficiency will be reduced, but this type of application is well worth trying. For example Oxford University laboratory can already make half light (Brown) of the battery. If the integration of lighting and power generation solar cell development goes well, curtain wall decoration, vehicle tinted glass high-rise buildings is expected to become the film and other alternatives.

5, perovskite battery problem:

Toxic-and perovskite materials contain lead, but lead with other types of batteries compared to contain arsenic, gallium, tellurium, cadmium, was only partly right. United States Northwestern University has also developed a Tin instead of lead perovskite-type solar cells, but the cell conversion efficiency are only 6%, now in the early stages of development, and still have space to improve efficiency;

Instability-the lead easily-perovskite oxide evaporation, and when the crystals, water is easy to decompose. If we use the perovskite cell generation, it may seep into the roof or in the soil;

Life is not long-currently, the longest life expectancy of perovskite-type solar cells can be up to 1000 hours, cooperation in research and development by the Huazhong University of science and the Lausanne Federal Polytechnic. While traditional crystalline silicon solar battery life and can be up to 25 years, much longer than the perovskite cell.

Original title: perovskite battery: solar industry stars

PV industry experts and Enterprise all the arguments “No. 406″ PV distributed heavy files

Polaris solar PV net news: yesterday, the Department of energy issued—-PV blockbuster files for the further implementation of distributed photovoltaic-related policy notice (hereinafter “No. 406 of the text”), the file on the network, financing, quota and other angles, for the fourth quarter of this year and the next two years of distributed PV pulling plays a major role. Shen Wan analysis meeting held at 9 o’clock this morning, hareon topray solar new energy company executives separately reviews on this file. Solar company management did not believe that some details of the new policy improved makes distributed project more flexible, has a little “you make your site” means.

Sino-Australian trust analyst Wang Runchuan:

To allow “option” development of distributed projects, I think it is an expedient measure, can be lasting, but in order to reach this year’s target.

(Wang Runchuan said, referring to the new file in this: “use rooftops and grounds appurtenant construction of distributed solar power projects in the project record can be selected when” spontaneous use, residual power “or” full access “as a model. “Full Internet” project’s total generating capacity by grid enterprises new benchmark in accordance with local solar power station bid. Has by “spontaneous use, and over electric Internet” mode Executive of project, in electricity load significantly reduced (containing disappeared) or for electricity relationship cannot perform of situation Xia, allows change for “full Internet” mode, project units to to local energy competent sector applications change record, and grid Enterprise signed new of grid agreement and purchased sale electric contract, grid enterprise is responsible for to Treasury and national energy Council applications subsidies directory change. )

However, the new deal itself can be seen, the national development and photovoltaic’s confidence and determination to succeed is strong. PV installations that question, don’t worry, a quarter of 9 to 12G is possible.

Second, enhance planning, specifically highlight the “town planning”, distributed positive.

Long term “power station” is a more profitable and stable business. Power plant operation is low risk, low return. Another situation is, how to solve the financing of hydropower, finance cost is still relatively high.

The third, which led to distributed and centralized power stations? As a whole, and distributed many of its unique advantages, other sectors of the National Energy Board may unveil more policies to promote distributed jointly.

Lian Rui (SOLARBUZZ senior analyst):

The release policy, consistent with the general expectations and Wu xinxiong, Director of speech, and the draft is basically the same.

1. the policy relevance of its very large, the 7th is the core content, you can select full Internet access, totally different business model, the system costs can be reduced, can indeed trigger larger installation campaign can improve financial institutions assess the risk on the project.

(The seventh, two analysts do not seem to see eye to eye? Seven, perfect for distributed PV development model. Use rooftops and grounds appurtenant construction of distributed solar power projects in the project record can be selected when “spontaneous use, residual power” or “full access” as a model. “Full Internet” project’s total generating capacity by grid enterprises new benchmark in accordance with local solar power station bid. Has by “spontaneous use, and over electric Internet” mode Executive of project, in electricity load significantly reduced (containing disappeared) or for electricity relationship cannot perform of situation Xia, allows change for “full Internet” mode, project units to to local energy competent sector applications change record, and grid Enterprise signed new of grid agreement and purchased sale electric contract, grid enterprise is responsible for to Treasury and national energy Council applications subsidies directory change. In ground or using agricultural big shed, no power consumption facilities construction, and to 35,000 v and the following voltage grade access grid (Northeast 66,000 v and the following), and single project capacity not over 20,000-kilowatt and by electricity main in and dot variable radio district elimination na of PV station project, into distributed PV power scale indicators management, Executive local PV station benchmark Internet electric price, grid enterprise according to distributed power management provisional approach of 17th article provides and the established of “green channel”, By city or county-level power grid enterprises in accordance with the simplified procedure for grid access and provide the appropriate grid services. )

2. file for “Northeast China” to dissolve the content, is really expedient to resolve installation problems this year. But, in General, documents issued directly to promote this year’s installed capacity, exceeding 13G w is the probability of the event, is nothing more than time and the availability of funds.

(He also is evaluating the 7th: voltage connected to the grid to 35,000 volts and below (northeast of 66,000 volts or less), individual projects of not more than 20,000-kilowatt in electricity generated by major network radio absorptive PV)

3. the level of global installed capacity is what this year? This year, China’s installed capacity, according to the current situation, about expected at around 13.5G WA, 47G w on a global scale. And if China and Japan’s installed capacity to rush a world 50G w. Therefore, the normal 47G Watts, an optimistic view is 49 to 50G w.

Japan and the United States wind power installed capacity, Japan did quickly, exceeding 10G w is the probability of the event, despite falling back in the second quarter, but sustainability is very good. Japan Government to check the schedule issue, expected by March next year, Japan’s installed capacity will be in a State of accelerated, rush could reach 11 to up real 12G w.

United States in the “double reverse” process, the momentum may not be so good, but last year growth 30% to 40% to 6G to 7G there is no doubt.

Liu Yang hang Yu solar energy:

We understand that distributing new deal follows several important innovations:

For distributed solar power projects, when the project record, you can choose either to “spontaneous use, residual power”, you can also choose “full Internet”. “Full Internet” project’s total generating capacity by grid enterprises in accordance with the new benchmark local PV prices;

In the “spontaneous personal use” by the power-user power consumption significantly reduced or disappeared, could be converted to “full access” to conduct benchmark price of photovoltaic power station, eliminating investor worries in tariff recovery;

Agricultural greenhouses using ground or no power consumption, such as infrastructure construction, and including 35KV voltage connected to the grid, single capacity up to 20MW of electricity generated by the item and network radio absorptive PV, could be included in distributed solar power index management, implementing new benchmark local PV price.

Wu xinxiong, Director of jiaxing speaks, we also learned that, the recent national energy Board based around the first half of the implementation of the plan, annual plan for fine-tuning. Fine tuning the main principles are:

Give priority to safeguard the spontaneous use of photovoltaic projects, based on adjusted scale indicator to distributed PV;

Southern Xinjiang, Hebei, Qinghai and other special needs of area increase PV targets;

Building demand for distributed PV scale indicators some indicators of limiting the area, plans to implement a bad area no longer increase the size of its photovoltaic power generation indicator. All localities to make plans, quarterly progress report on the implementation, and strive for new grid-connected PV power generation capacity to more than 13 million-kilowatt all year round.

It is reported that after the Mid-Autumn Festival, the National Energy Board will convene a meeting to discuss the photovoltaic fine-tuning of the implementation of the annual plan. Now judging by the industry, according to the actual market conditions, annual total grid size will probably increase to 15GW 11GW, distributed PV ground power station project (includes spontaneous private ground and distributed distributed) 4GW. There is another fine tune version is: annual total grid size up to 16GW 8GW, distributed PV ground power station project (includes spontaneous private ground and distributed distributed) 8GW. We are confident that whatever the adjustment mode, the development of photovoltaic industry will bring tremendous drive.

This year is the first year of distributed PV, hope that by fine-tuning after more sound policy and scientific objectives set for distributed PV Application lay down a solid foundation for the development of industry.

Hareon high-rise:

First, the status of distributed PV unshakeable, indicators have pushed, you can apply at any time, in order to implement annual programmes, opening a Gash. (2nd in the file: priorities for protection of all kinds of demonstration zones and other planning clear annual scale of implemented projects and building condition index. )

Second: to encourage conglomerates (note that is not necessarily a large State owned enterprises and large enterprise applications, which opened a Gash, we (sea-run) is a large enterprise group. (3rd in the file: to encourage the construction of large enterprise groups to Affiliate Organization for the harmonization of distributed PV projects. )

Thirdly, additional indicators, can be appended to the record index, we believe that there is no index, what you can do you want, just like opened the DG box. (8th: the model of distributed solar power projects in the region (including nearby absorptive distributed PV power station), in accordance with the “first record, appending the size indicator” management methods, in support of the demonstration zone construction continued.

Part IV: No. 406 of the text, the “access conditions and pay for content” be mentioned. Connection voltage is not only 35,000 volts, (file) also mentioned the 66,000 volts, can say the Northeast is everywhere. (File in the 7th: to 35,000 v and the following voltage grade access grid (Northeast 66,000 v and the following), and single project capacity not over 20,000-kilowatt and by electricity main in and dot variable radio district elimination na of PV station project, into distributed PV power scale indicators management, Executive local PV station benchmark Internet electric price, grid enterprise according to distributed power management provisional approach of 17th article provides and the established of “green channel”, By city or county-level power grid enterprises in accordance with the simplified procedure for grid access and provide the appropriate grid services. )

Our view: Shandong and other regions can go online at any time, while file also defines charges monthly payment and other details, one can imagine “distributed generation what you want to do, what to do”. We judge that 2014 might be a steal in the fourth quarter put the tide, by and large completed 15G tile is not too much of a problem, the ground station, construction of the West, the North will be restricted.

Of course, despite the large space to finance, the perfect system, but does not compel banks to loan, still need the enterprise in their own hands. “Guaranteed” was also mentioned, which may buy the plant’s main force team will be a lot, the Bank would catch up, new ideas, and this part will bring benefits to future distributed development, users and buyers, Bank, the lender has to improve the thinking function.

Five: on the level of financing, distributed projects cannot rely on industry investment and capital to invest, “No. 406″ breakthrough on financing difficulties in the text.

A: the participation of financial institutions in a distributed project financing before repayment sources how to implement? User’s credit level? Power station project is a long-term returns, if the owner can choose to spontaneously use and full Internet access, the owner can be guaranteed.

B: Government loan guarantees to encourage flexible distributed projects, is dependent on the financial statements and to provide security, but if the project proceeds and assets pledged if loans can be amplified.

C: policies to encourage and widen financing channels, reference is made to leasing, trust and “No. 406″ paper also recommends the institution closed-end loans to address the financial needs of the whole process, greatly improving the finances of leading enterprises.

(12th in the file: innovative distributed PV financing services. Encourage banks and other financial institutions, combined with features of distributed PV generation and financing needs, providing preferential loans to distributed PV power generation projects, adopt a flexible loan guarantees, an exploration of a project selling electricity charging right pledge of assets and project financing facility. Encourage banks and other financial institutions in collaboration with local authorities to establish a distributed photovoltaic power generation project financing service platform, and photovoltaic power generation enterprises to establish strategic cooperative relations of banks and enterprises, explore effective and there is a market, there are order forms, the credibility of the “four companies” under closed loans. Project encouraged local governments to combine people’s livelihood loan discount policy of distributed PV. Encouraging the use of finance lease, for the integration of PV to provide leasing services, encourage various types of funds, insurance, trust, combined with industrial capital and explore a photovoltaic investment fund, encouraging coverage for small and medium enterprises credit guarantee for construction of distributed PV, carried out in agriculture financial services support the photovoltaic photovoltaic utilization of household and agricultural facilities business. To establish a mechanism of credit loans such as personal income, step by step to install distributed PV facilities credit and high personal-free secured loan. )

Topraysolar new high-rise:

National related sector had to we company research, we mention has several problem: as buildings not clear, and Guangdong local of grid access, and station supporting measures not clear, charges mode not determines,, from this “No. 406,” paper in the can see, above problem basic get has feedback and replies, national level on distributed project of some problem implementation, will on area as Shenzhen, to of PV roof project implementation has benefits.

2012 US companies began to focus on the layout surface plant in 2013, and dingbian in Shaanxi, Xinjiang and so on have done the power station. Last night, an emergency debate, we think, that policies on domestic distributed outbreak has helped the project in the next two years. Reporting processes, building owners do not clearly have improved.

Now, distributed project can choose all domestic Internet access, not only good for the southeast coast and southern region, to Midwestern cities would be better promoted. Such as in Xinjiang, you can select full Internet access in the power of the return on investment will be a better role in promoting.

After I read last night, feels also good in terms of financing. We have 100 MW distributed power plant projects in Shandong, a part of the capital of the Government by expanding the day do finance. One question is, assuming the owners changed what should I do? Guarantees the right to charge the power station itself unable to do so. And this is made more explicit in the notification, whether the usufruct or the financing to get through. (We believe) if mass start distributed projects across the country, still needs to improve the mutual support and policy, it is our basic judgment. This afternoon, we will hold in-house seminars and the Shenzhen authorities.

Overall, our basic judgment is that PV distributed the policy to promote nationwide (including the Midwest distributed project) will have a big advantage. In addition, this year from the year before (No. 406 of the text out of the stage), there is a great deal of planning, but not much, and that this policy can compensate for. Third, the year 2015—-2016,, power plants to investors, small business owners and individuals, such as Villa will have a better effect. This is our understanding of the policies and views.

In Guangdong Province, in our judgement may be distributed projects (plan) to make adjustments. Shenzhen declared in July, is already in a power generation process, southern power grid has issued a series of policies, the grid can also power station owners to charge. We are the largest company in southern China, reserve a number of projects. Prior to this, neither Park nor the owners of buildings, some do not want to install, and some are charging problem will not be resolved, but “No. 406″ file was launched, I believe there will be a better future. Shenzhen has a new energy plan, we have also been involved in government planning, believes time will start the next 1-2 years. Now, the Guangdong project record can, I think planning 1 to 2G are no problem.

Original title: PV industry experts and Enterprise all the arguments “No. 406″ PV distributed heavy files

Yellowstone photovoltaic industrial policy support landing

Polaris solar PV net news: yesterday, the municipal development and Reform Commission’s energy Branch issued a formal announcement, Yellowstone photovoltaic industry support policies formalize, integrated into construction scale of Yellowstone’s annual photovoltaic projects, finance, taxation, credit and industry support.

According to the comments concerning support for the development of PV industry in Huangshi city, and grid enterprises should promptly make electricity metering, settlement of electricity charges and included in the national list of renewable energy grants distributed power grid projects of State-subsidized fund transfers, and so on. Fully guaranteeing the purchasing of PV power generating capacity and more than distributed PV power generation projects generated electricity, electricity billing cycle in full settlement kWh of electricity, electricity billing cycle funds transferred State subsidies.

Every year in late December, by County (City) area development and reform Department reported to the municipal development and Reform Commission, State and local subsidies for next year’s project, was not included in the annual scale of construction projects to benefit State and local subsidies. Construction of distributed PV electricity price, Huangshi 0.42 Yuan per kilowatt subsidy by the State on the basis of subsidy of 0.1 Yuan building photovoltaic power plants generating electricity prices, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State, authorities approved on the basis of the feed-in tariff and subsidy of 0.1 Yuan subsidies for 10 years.

To complete the annual PV evaluation indices of County (City) districts, municipalities in the electricity price subsidies on the basis of the existing grant appropriate subsidies to supplement the award; for investment property owners using local solar PV products and PV industries to invest in the yellow of the photovoltaic power generation project, municipal governments on existing price subsidies granted on the basis of appropriate subsidies.

Tax support, according to the Ministry of finance, the State administration of taxation issued the notice on PV sales tax policy on October 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015, to taxpayers selling products produced using solar energy to produce electricity, VAT immediate refund 50 policies, enterprise income tax law offers relief.

Original title: Yellowstone photovoltaic industrial policy support landing

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Central Delhi 10MW project approved by the national development and Reform Commission price

Polaris solar PV net news: Zhejiang supcon solar technology limited on September 5, issued a press release saying, “in early September, Qinghai provincial development and Reform Commission received from the national development and Reform Commission on Central Delhi, Qinghai solar-thermal power generation project electricity price approval document, approved its feed-in tariff (tax) to 1.2 Yuan per kilowatt hour. “This is charged with solar energy in the first official formally confirm the message.

Reporter from news source at obtained of above national NDRC Office on Qinghai province NDRC reported of on approved I province solar hot power project Internet electric price of asked of reply file said, “in the controlled delingha light hot power station a period engineering is China first sets inputs commercial operations of light hot power project, for maintained the station of normal run, approved its Internet electric price (containing tax) for each kWh 1.2 Yuan, since the station voted shipped of day up Executive. ”

In a copy of the reply file, the Office of the national development and Reform Commission at the same time, “says I will in the future according to the development of the solar thermal power industry and other relating to the construction and operation of demonstration projects, research benchmark for developing solar thermal power plant electricity price policy. “This also shows that the national development and Reform Commission on optical-thermal power generation’s encouragement and support.

Central solar said, Central Delhi, Qinghai solar-thermal power project a project on July 5, 2013 grid, has been stable for more than a year. The approved tariff, is China’s first solar thermal power projects get official price.

Electricity prices in Central Delhi project 1.2 supported message since around August 15 that started to spread in the solar thermal power industry circles, and has been confirmed by multiple sources, but control of this has not been recognized. Publicly confirmed for the first time this message is a researcher at the Energy Research Institute of NDRC Hu Runqing August 23 solar-thermal power investment and financing in China held in Beijing Summit disclosed.

Central Delhi a 10MW solar thermal power projects a total investment of 210 million Yuan, received investment grants 50 million yuan in the central budget, while the remaining 160 million dollars for controlling its own funding. 1.2 Yuan was granted in the tax-included pricing, forecasts will ensure that the project has certain benefits.

Central Delhi 10MW hydropower station have the support price for domestic solar thermal power generation market will have a significant positive pricing policy as the primary bottleneck hindering the development of solar-thermal power generation market in China, has begun to gradually melt, are bracing for large-scale development of the industry. This event will also be a milestone in the development of solar-thermal power generation industry in China event is written to the history of industrial development.

Original title: Central Delhi 10MW project approved by the national development and Reform Commission price

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Solar thermal power generation by 2020 and cost of traditional thermal power in photogenic competition?

Arctic star solar PV network news: light hot power which a important advantage is can through cheap storage hot technology achieved can adjustable stable green power of production and supply, this can adjustable power of quality similar Yu traditional thermal power, but currently in cost Shang is and than traditional thermal power high out many, light hot power industry needs concern of is, future six years, that to 2020, light hot power whether will can and traditional base Dutch type thermal power in cost photogenic competition?

Reason that 2020 is due in 2020 is the United States Energy Department had proposed the SunShot schedule when the target node, that is when the realization of solar thermal electricity costs down to 6 cents per kWh, this price can be said to have been little more than a conventional gas-fired generation. Towards this goal, can achieve this? We listen to Spain two solar-thermal power ACSCobra Jos é AlfonsoNebrera, Chief Executive of leading enterprises and Abengoa, Director of strategy at ElisaPrieto point of view.

The two companies are working to achieve parity of solar-thermal power generation by 2020 goal, overall, both towards this goal remains optimistic, they believe it can be achieved. In their view, the siting of the power station, gas prices in different markets, in 2015, the United Nations Conference on climate change resolution on new emission reduction targets for carbon dioxide, and so are environmental conditions to achieve this goal.

Gas prices will continue to rise

Nebrera said, “our current if the DNI is very rich in resources of building solar thermal power plants, its costs have been able to compete with gas, gas prices are now hovering at $ 10 per million British thermal units (BTUs), as well as utilization of natural gas power stations only around 70%, environmental cost of carbon dioxide emissions increased by approximately $ 20~30 per ton. ”

Although the United States terms of shale gas production, optical-thermal power generation sector, external factors are not optimistic. But not sure if natural gas prices can maintain price competitiveness, such as now, according to the United States energy information administration EIA data shows that over the past two years, United States natural gas prices are at record lows.

Prieto said in 2012, gas prices average about $ 3 per million British thermal units, the price is not realistic and does not comply with the market rules, led directly to the many natural gas producers shut down to wait for the market to improve, why is there this situation? Because 2012 is a United States shale gas production the crazy year, similar to the 19th century, that kind of nuggets in the rise of the tide.

Shale gas production has brought a lot of problems in the exploitation of shale gas, the vast majority of accidents and technical problems occurred in the process of hydraulic fracturing. In the United States in Philadelphia (Philadelphia), the local Government has begun to regulate shale gas drilling this industrial activity, in some towns in New York State, due to water resource issues, hydraulic fracturing has been used.

“In this case, these companies began facing two regulatory issues: one is when you need them in the exploitation of shale gas what chemicals are injected into the water? Second, asking them to clean up because of the negative impact of shale gas. This resulted in natural gas prices began to rise. “Prieto said.

In fact, the EIA based on accelerated aging coal-fired power plants and nuclear power plants predicted that over the next few years, gas prices continue to rise, even more important is that in electricity production, the EIA said natural gas consumption will keep increasing, which will lead to gas and electricity prices upward growth.

EIA report showed overall growth of gas prices over the past few years, the following table is a HenryHub natural gas spot prices over the past four years, has provided since January 2011 and the first week of July as the reference price of natural gas.

Photo: gas prices

In Egypt, for example, according to a Reuters report, Egypt has been unable to export natural gas, over the past 10 years, Egypt domestic gas consumption increasing rapidly, achieving double the amount for personal use, depletion of recoverable reserves.

In January 2013, natural gas costs about US $ 3.26 per million British thermal units, a year later in January 2014, the price had risen to $ 4.30, up 1.04 dollars a year.

Prieto also highlights selected formulas, calculate the cost of solar thermal power generation the importance of “competitiveness when we are talking about light and heat, we can only use the LCOE computation, as CAPEX is a one-time investment cost does not reflect the true costs of solar thermal power generation. ”

She also highlighted the cost per kilowatt of solar-thermal power generation is a steady decline throughout the plant’s life cycle, thanks to its fuel expenditures.

From the perspective of traditional energy sources, even if CAPEX was low, the cost per kilowatt is still possible because the fuel cost increases of the late, whether they are coal, natural gas or nuclear power, this is true.

Chu Re and the importance of adjustable power

The two experts pointed out that solar thermal power generation compared to photovoltaic power generation is concerned, its heat storage capacity is a unique advantage; PV output may continue after the sun sets in order to meet the need to increase the reserve power plant building, for the incorporation of these plants to increase investment in grid construction will also increase costs.

Adjustable in terms of cost, Prieto pointed out that United States national renewable energy laboratory by SunShot plans targeted to 5~6 cents to the cost of solar thermal power generation, we get potential of solar thermal power generation when compared with other renewable energies taken, this is an important piece of data.

Targets to reduce carbon emissions

Nebrera says, “can look forward to in 2015 will be in France Paris the United Nations climate change conference will be held on global climate change solution that gives further, more stringent targets to reduce carbon emissions. If the price per ton of carbon dioxide emissions in developed countries was set at 50 dollars, developing countries had been set at US $ 20, which will open up a big market for renewable energy development, especially adjustable solar-thermal power generation will have greater market space. ”

Prieto believes that new emissions reduction targets set would have a direct negative impact on the natural gas industry, natural gas industry will likely have to pay two fees, one cost, one is the cost of carbon dioxide emissions.

Plant utilization

Another impact natural gas prices is the power utilization, natural gas annually in real terms the longer running, lower the overall costs of, for example, annual operating hours at more than 8,000 hours, the cost per kWh will be very low, if run hours in only 2000 hours, the cost per kilowatt is very high.

For countries with a large proportion of renewable energy applications, combined cycle power plant is the most common type of natural gas, which is beginning to play the role of standby power.

He also pointed out that solar thermal power generation cost has decreased over the past few years, in 2008, we began construction of Spain the Andasol solar thermal power station, which is costing about $ 280 per MWh. Now, South Africa’s actual bid price is almost half that price, I think over the next 6 years, the costs will continue to decline, I bet it will at least now price dropped again on the basis of 30%.

Influence of power plants

Prieto and Nebrera said, cost competitiveness depend on the characteristics of the project site, such as the siting of the power station, local climatic conditions, latitude, temperature, and the density of suspended particles of dust or affect the actual cost of the project.

Opportunity cost

Each market has a very unique set of circumstances, in Saudi Arabia, linked to the competitiveness of renewable energy and opportunity cost, according to a report published by the Economist magazine, in 2012, the Saudi market there is a huge opportunity cost, rapid increase in domestic energy demand is one of the important reasons.

The report also said that Saudi Arabia as the world’s sixth-largest oil consumer, its consumption of one-fourth oil production, about 10 million barrels a day of crude to domestic markets to digest.

But Saudi Arabia has recognized this problem, and has set an ambitious target for renewable energy development, that is, about half of its power from renewable energy by 2020 to meet growing domestic demand for energy, in Exchange for more oil exports. A longer-term goal is, by 2032, 54.1GW renewable energy generation capacity, with 25GW will come from solar-thermal power generation.

2030 goal closer to reality

Not everyone believes in 2020, achieve the goal of solar-thermal power generation to compete with conventional energy reality, Spain some industry officials say that “CAPEX of solar-thermal power generation remains a huge challenge, invested 500 million euros in most thermal power stations can be built as a 160MW~200MW light, but only investment of 300 million to 400 million euros will be able to build a double the installed capacity of gas-fired combined cycle power plants. ”

Nevertheless, solar-thermal power still has a lot to further optimize to optimize further investment, there are industry experts, a more neutral point of view is that by 2030, solar-thermal power can be achieved with the traditional cost of gas and other fossil fuels to generate electricity in photogenic competition, judging from the current situation, this view appears to be more close to reality.

Also, these people also support price cuts depend on the trends of the market development and actual needs, “where there is no natural gas or gas transportation cost is high where the construction of a gas-fired combined cycle power plants is not economically feasible, while here the construction of a solar thermal power plants will be much more cost-effective. ”

Original title: solar thermal power generation by 2020 and cost of traditional thermal power in photogenic competition?