PV industry in Quzhou, Zhejiang province into fast-track last year grew by 800%

Polaris solar PV net news: journalist yesterday learned from the departments concerned, has stepped into the development of new energy industry in Quzhou city Speedway, is expected until the end of this year, new energy photovoltaic installed capacity will reach more than more than 200 MW (solar installation capacity), and 800% compared with last year, production capacity ranking first.

, Committee through a letter, according to the latest census, Quzhou city, built on-grid, PV projects under construction, record keeping, talking about there are 49, reached more than 1099 megawatts, from the inclusion of provincial plans and the province’s power company accepted the situation, two indicators were ranked first in the province. By 2015, the province’s goal to ensure the new 2000 MW of PV power capacity, ordered the city target 170 megawatts, expect the city to complete by the end of this year, representing a 1 year ahead of schedule.

Yiqian, Quzhou, while there are many companies building solar power projects, but more for “spontaneous use, more than power” of small projects. Since last year, many in power as the main purpose of the photovoltaic power generation, “public power”, was lined up to design schedules. A case study of Qujiang district, Zhejiang Guangsheng group, its 46 megawatts of photovoltaic power generation project, is the city’s largest photovoltaic project, also in Zhejiang Province, which is planned in December and “complementary” grid-connected power generation.

Quzhou city land resources are abundant, especially in recent years, land consolidation, low Hill slope development is rapidly advancing, transferring a large number of usable land, and create favourable conditions for building agricultural and light complementary PV. According to statistics, 49, Quzhou photovoltaic projects, PV, 22, 44.9% per cent of total number of projects, accounting for 89.2% of the total installed capacity of the project. PV power station project, Quzhou city number and ratio of installed capacity, and other cities in the province dominated by distributed PV development model has significant differences.

First half of this year, the city’s PV enterprises operating rate increase. More Crystal battery tablets, and PV component production enterprise orders sufficient, as Le leaves PV Corporation January-May sales income compared with growth 50%; kaihua currently has has 15 home around Enterprise gradually played original capacity, especially each enterprise more crystal casting furnace and line cutting machine almost has all played capacity, preliminary estimates, kaihua PV production more chip of capacity monthly up 10 million tablets above, and has continues to growth of momentum.

Is expected by the end of 2015, PV power generation projects which could be produced 500 MW of installed capacity in the city, newly increased fixed assets investment of 4 billion yuan. The rapid growth of PV power projects will promote recovery of PV manufacturing industry in Quzhou city for promoting industrial investment growth effectively plays a very important role in the city.

Original title: new energy industry in our city into the “fast-track”

Polaris solar PV NET weekly Hots collection (8.29-9.4)

Polaris solar PV net news: policy review

1. the National Energy Board on further implementation of distributed photovoltaic-related policy notice

On September 4, the PV industry of the industry have been looking forward to the formal introduction of the new deal. Released today by the National Energy Board issued the notice on further implementation of distributed photovoltaic-related policies (hereinafter referred to as the notice), and further clarified in terms of price, incorporations and subsidies of distributed PV incentives.

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2. public announcement to be issued by Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang Province, building-integrated PV product catalog (second batch)

To step up promotional efforts on photovoltaic products in Anhui province through public solicitation, Enterprise and municipal departments recommending programs and expert review, I prepared the BIPV products in Zhejiang province to promote the directory (second set), to the public.

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3. Energy Board announced 15 new policies to support distributed PV

Roof use coordination difficult, loan financing, income derived from electricity sales, incorporation of uncertainty for a long time and is difficult to guarantee long-term stability of multiple problems such as distributed in photovoltaic, “section 15” supported the new deal came out to greet the spring.

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4. South Xinjiang PV plan 2014-2015

Yesterday, the first day of September, waiting for distributed generation–the new deal on further implementation of distributed photovoltaic-related policy issue at the same time, from people in the industry to obtain a copy of the photovoltaic power generation project construction plan of sidizhou reported 2014-2015 in southern Xinjiang.

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Market review

1. mouth to flaunt “keep” who is making money and who in the hell of the photovoltaic industry

From the Western “double reverse” winter to bottoming, PV enterprises in China after many ups and downs. This year, in most can reflected enterprise strength of each big industry activities, and exhibition Shang, some PV enterprise still mouth, but some enterprise began in gestures between revealed your gas, again has is who, British Lee 200 million buy Xia South Africa World Cup field advertising brand, Han can solar PV Board stunning implanted Hollywood large super inspection hacker etc, this class “local” acts in PV enterprise in the also is not impossible of thing.

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2. PV inverter suppliers battleground

Experts estimate that the proportion of renewable energy power generation in China in 2020 will be 15% per cent of China’s total generating capacity, which on-grid photovoltaic power generation reached 20 million-kilowatt, while current Chinese solar installed capacity is about 300,000-kilowatt, which contains enormous business opportunities is obvious. In recent years, the Solar Inverter manufacturer number is growing rapidly, has become a battleground.

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3. heat or solar? Calculate price

“The NDRC pricing Department has approved China’s first solar thermal power generation demonstration project–controlled Delhi Tower power station project at 1.2 Yuan per kWh, which endorses the uniqueness and value of solar thermal power generation. Wind and solar through several rounds of the concession had to launch the new electricity prices, solar-thermal power generation through a number of demonstration projects in order to timely introduction of unified benchmark price. ”

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4. India PV struggles with “no tax” event closed

India three Ministers in a 40-minute conversation, the global “encirclement and suppression” of the Chinese PV industry breathed a sigh of relief.

Recently, India Finance Ministry decision not to implement India Ministry of Commerce and industry from China, China’s Taiwan and the United States, and Malaysia imported PV products anti-dumping taxes eventually ruled, after 21 months in the case ultimately not of the tax case.

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5. the Hefei PV chaos: “marry” is born out of the roof “Doll”

To build China’s first photovoltaic application city, Hefei has promulgated a policy to accelerate PV promotion, which will build PV rooftop has become “scarce resources”. In order to “Rob” the roof, some companies compete on price, others hoarded resources roof, half don’t even start.

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Comment article

1. solar energy enough “green”? Still wrapped in sugar-coated poison?

In environmental consciousness looked up Xia, solar power has was considered energy technology of highlight, a block solar Board in glare of Sun shines Xia, are became Green gold of best spokesman; does, solar power than petrochemical fuel power on environment hurt smaller, but most people rarely consciousness in manufacturing battery of now, by using of power, and by emissions of carbon dioxide and pollution, still will effects environment, and past many police event of occurred, also proved those we freeloader of solar, is not zero pollution zero row carbon, Instead, on environmental costs to producers.

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2. the total mess of old red PV – Li Hejun who?

Not long ago, I forwarded on Twitter of a sentence from the end of China’s new richest man Li Hejun: stock counter attacking gamble of PV in the text: “However Li Hejun alike. Han, he can set the ultimate target: the capacity 10G w; short-term target is achieved by 2012 3G Watts, ‘ kill Yingli ” becomes China’s largest film maker ‘. “Do not want to attract criticism, knowing that Li Hejun is a controversial figure in the industry, but did not expect the dispute is so sharp. As new China’s richest man, asking, “Li Hejun who often makes? “At the same time, it also evokes the thinking of the author … …

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3. why the United States distributed PV PPA financing everywhere?

When some investors at the time to worry about individual photovoltaic power plant, some large companies are using financial instruments to promote better development of distributed PV. Today will be to introduce United States new energy solutions provider UrbanGreenEnergy (UGE), bean UGE June interview China Business Development Manager RosiePidcock.

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4. make photovoltaic power generation go farther (sample ˙ to observe economic line)

The first half of the PV enterprises above designated size in jiaxing income 9.459 billion yuan, an increase of 31.1%

No one expected that, experienced a drastic expansion of the previous two years, the industry crisis, a large number of business failures in the PV industry, able to stand up again so soon.

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5. solar agricultural development status and the existent problems

Recently, the photovoltaic farm project news reports have repeatedly reported in all regions, led to numerous concerns. Photovoltaic greenhouse industry in the ascendant, but lack of theoretical study at home and abroad, light environment can meet crop needs “debatable”, lighting needs to be combined with crop growth model primarily suitable for photovoltaic greenhouse lighting design theory for optimization of solar greenhouse design, and optimize and upgrade the facilities gardening equipment.

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Enterprise version

1. seven domestic PV 2014 Q2 earnings analysis

This report selected Yingli YingLi, Trina Trina, solar CSI, Crystal branch JinKo, ja JA, renesola ReneSola, hanwha Hanwha seven large domestic PV manufacturers as an object for their portion of the data listed in the 2014Q2 financial statements and comparing aimed at Jigsaw, horizontal contrast and complement each other.

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2. first look at flowers from 50 billion PV project in Ningxia people’s investment ambitions

On August 28, beginning highly anticipated China Minsheng investment joint stock company (hereinafter referred to as ‘ cast) signs strategic cooperation agreement with Ningxia Hui autonomous region, reached a depth of 5 key areas of cooperation, involving a total investment of up to 100 billion yuan. Exclusive interview with reporters in yinchuan zhongmin cast Chairman Dong wenbiao, President Li Huaizhen, Vice President Kong Linshan, people voted in the search for new energy from their view, restricted view of investment ideas and future directions.

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3. sinovideo “resurrection” is not easy to lose again in the first half more than 500 million

Overseas debt restructuring, the introduction of new products, production lines, production, high-level replacement … … Quiet two-year LDK LDK Solar Co (hereinafter “LDK Solar”), frequently so far this year, through multiple paths to achieve “resurrection”.

However, the LDK’s management indicators in the first half of this year is still not optimistic, the company again reached 562 million Yuan net loss.

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4. GCL-poly or auction *ST Suri PV-acquisitions craze

*ST Suri in May this year after the suspension of the listing, bankruptcy reorganization has been accelerated. A few days ago, *ST Suri announcement because the company has been unable to complete the restructuring by itself, an urgent need to introduce the integration of powerful investors on the company’s business and provide debt financing. Company management decided to selected investors through public tender. According to reporters from the industry about recent investment again and GCL-poly energy has the potential to participate in the bidding. While with the pickup in the economy of the photovoltaic industry, photovoltaic project merger wave will rise gradually.

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5. acquire stakes in Yun Ye new energy 90% Trina white of Yunnan’s largest single photovoltaic power plant

Yunnan metallurgy Energy Corporation Limited (hereinafter referred to as the clouds ye new-energy) heads “one of the largest photovoltaic power plant project under construction in China” and “the largest single photovoltaic power plant project in Yunnan province” Halo, so its stock transfer also attracted the attention of the industry.

On September 2, the PV mixer Trina said on its website, the company acquired through public bidding to Yun Ye 90% stake of new energy and Transferors of Yunnan metallurgy group property transaction contracts signed and its two subsidiaries.

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Character articles

1. Wu xinxiong: strong growth of China PV power installed capacity reached 22.42 million-kilowatt

Asia Pacific economic cooperation (APEC) at its 11th session of the energy ministers, 2nd Conference in Beijing. Vice Chairman of China’s national development and Reform Commission, the national energy administration Wu xinxiong, presented at a news conference after the meeting, the meeting would strengthen energy security, improve energy efficiency and the development of sustainable communities, promote the development of clean energy resources, and exchanged views on issues such as clean fossil energy utilization, and reached a series of important consensus and issued the Beijing Declaration.

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2. Xue Liming: solar thermal power generation is a powerful investment

Hai Yang Xue Liming, Chairman of energy group company limited in August 23 solar-thermal power investment and financing of China delivered an important speech at the Summit, he noted that solar thermal power generation in the next 3-5 or within a longer period of time, must be the core points in the field of investment, will also be a very explosive areas of investment.

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3. Sun power Cao renxian: specialization is the soul and core of PV industry development

“Firm-industry component, system, invest for a while or do both. I think that both DG and the ground station, specialization is the soul and core of the PV industry. “Sun Power Corporation General Manager Cao renxian said.

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Hebei xingtai: solar power station when it walked into thousands

Polaris solar PV net news: Huang SI town, xingtai, with a total installed capacity of 50 MW power PV grid-connected power generation by the end of last year, invested nearly 500 million Yuan.

In the village of qiaodong district South kangzhuang, newly-built a small home solar power stations, only 50,000 yuan of investment.

The morning of August 19, South kangzhuang villager Zhao Hongyin home on the roof of the 24 panels lined, quietly undergoing conversion. Installed on Zhao Jia PV inverter display on the second floor, this family-type solar power station is for every 20 minutes of electricity capacity, deliver electricity to the national grid. Another piece of meter display, grid connected since July 25 to the reporters, the family power station has accumulated power of 496.

Only this type of investment of tens of thousands of dollars the family solar power stations, both because of its clean, practical, and investment value are being recognized and accepted by more and more families.

In the economic development zone is located in xingtai, Hebei three-ring solar limited, Engineering Department head Wang Ziqiang interview with reporters, phone calls and visits from a likely to be interrupted by the individual user.

San Huan company is Zhao Hongyin domestic photovoltaic power stations system providers. Previously, San Huan company installed the family for 14 residents in Cixian of Handan power station. In xingtai locally, in addition to outside the South kangzhuang, also to the South and, neiqiu 3 users to install grid-connected solar power station and the success of the family.

Household solar power station to spontaneously use mainly, excess electricity can be sold to the national grid. Wang Ziqiang, gave reporters a “return on investment accounts”: xingtai peak sunlight was 4.8 hours per day. Power 1-kilowatt power stations generating capacity of about 5 degrees a day on average. Zhao Hongyin solar power is 5-kilowatt, invested 50,000 yuan, with annual output of more than 9,000 degrees. Usually his house annual electricity consumption of 5,800, by step electricity about 4350; 0.4196 Yuan per unit (tax) to sell to the national grid, while national PV user per kilowatt-hour 0.42 Yuan (including tax), tax subsidies.

“Comprehensive measure, seven years to recover costs, behind was made. “Introduced Wang Ziqiang, the life of the PV power station is about 25, San Huan company commitments: users from the date of installation enabled system, within 20 years, in addition to natural disasters, solar panels when problems arise, the company responsible for a free replacement.

Saving energy, no noise, no atmospheric pollutants and ecological benefits of solar power stations it is obvious that more substantial economic, but they were not “throw too big”, only with better economic conditions, forward-thinking individuals in recognition and promotion.

Power supply according to the Marketing Department of the company, as of August 27, the city’s total of 12 households, solar power generation, and another 23 user puts on-grid applications. This reporter learned that, at present, the city’s ability to provide system installation of photovoltaic power stations of Hebei JI Jie solar technology company. JI Jie Meng Xianghui Deputy Manager of the company told reporters that the company in the East, Shahe, 6 counties such as long-9 family installed solar power stations, 4 of them achieving grid. Overall, the market is still in the “spark”.

But promoting household solar power station on time. China renewable energy industry association said Zhao Zhili, now, in addition to financial support from the national level, a company’s attitude towards this type of clean electricity to the national grid is “open”. Distributed management task force, Feng Yingnan municipal power supply company told reporters that the proposed on-grid and grid-connected applications to accepted acceptance commissioning, the company promises to service up to 45 business days to process (not including installation), and does not charge any service fees.

“As one of the first to create a new energy model city, the city’s construction of photovoltaic power generation project is fully supported. “Municipal development and Reform Commission Deputy Director Chen Shi said, according to the plan, by the end of 2015, 800,000-kilowatt, PV industry development objectives are, I. In terms of promoting household solar power station, the municipal development and Reform Commission will actively coordinate grid-connected electricity sector to improve efficiency.

It is understood that at present, the main problems facing large scale is a one-time investment. Since such power stations require certain roofing resources, the most suitable in weak power grid construction in remote and rural areas and the potential users of these areas most sensitive to the cost.

A single spark can start a prairie fire, but you must have good wind power.

“Now, we mainly do demonstration. An area to do a House, so that potential users as much as possible about the benefits of home solar power station. “Wang Ziqiang said, wants local governments soon website subsidies, such families to rapid power stations into millions of households.

Original title: solar power station when it walked into thousands

He Yue for the CPPCC proposals by the National Energy Board’s response involved renewable energy subsidies

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, National Energy Board, Vice Chairman of the CPPCC, Tianjin Zhi Gong Dang, Tianjin University, College of Humanities He Yue, a professor at the 12 session of the second meeting of the National Committee of the CPPCC, No. 4521 (resources and environment, No. 353) concerning the amendment of the renewable energies Act responded to the proposal.

National Energy Board He Yue from the following four aspects relating to the amendment of the renewable energies Act reply to a proposal: 1, increasing the use of renewable energy development goals; 2, on clear investment subsidies; 3, with specific energy tax incentives; 4, on clearly defined renewable heating.

The renewable energy sources Act is to promote sustainable and healthy development of the fundamental guarantee for improving energy structure, control of air pollution, protecting the environment and promoting economic development played an important role. In recent years, fuelled by the renewable energy law and the relevant supporting policies, China’s rapid development of renewable energy, has now entered a new stage of comprehensive, large-scale development. Recommendations made by the National Energy Board thinks He Yue made amendments to the renewable energy law has important role to express my recognition and gratitude.

Original title: He Yue for the CPPCC proposals by the National Energy Board’s reply

When PV poles hacker United States businesses moved out of the tactic of tariffs

Polaris solar PV net news: uphill struggle to combat global business Cyber-espionage is not an easy job. Recent United States companies began trying to use a powerful new weapon–higher import tariffs to combat hackers.

This solarworld industries (United States) Corporation (SolarWorldAmericas) is the United States largest manufacturer of solar modules, it accused Chinese military personnel access to its computer system, stealing business relating to the long-standing trade disputes between China and its key information, reportedly now has been brought to the United States Department of Commerce to investigate. In order to deter, the company drew attention to the Obama administration to use tariff measures to suppress such acts of reprisal.

Solarworld said this new proceedings highlighted Enterprise retaliatory trade barriers in China’s sophisticated, especially if you have launched a cyber warfare.

But just before May of this year, United States Department of Justice indicted five members of the Chinese people’s Liberation Army, accusing them of stealing a series of United States enterprise network files, most trade disputes with China.

“We believe it is essential that the Commerce Department should set a precedent in this case, point firmly indicated that will not tolerate trade cases filed by United States enterprises to carry out Cyber espionage,” solarworld’s Attorney Timothy · C · bulaitebier (TimothyC.Brightbill) said.

While acknowledging that the Justice Department is unlikely to compel suspects to appear in United States courts, he said the Federal Government could impose high tariffs on imports of Chinese Solar Panel: “in this way, United States can make them really pay the price,”

From the start, United States Department of Commerce for the solar module cost start large-scale investigation and let the industry from being split. United States solar power plant developers and solar energy system installation businesses benefit from the plentiful supply of cheap imported equipment. Both worry that tariffs brought about by passing on costs will slow the pace of consumers using solar energy.

In addition, exports to China polysilicon, United States companies are also concerned that tariffs would make them more difficult to do business in China. Main raw material is polysilicon and solar energy products. In fact, early this year, China has high tariffs on us domestic polysilicon, and recently tightened its policy on the import of raw materials.

Nevertheless, the United States political and business circles of many senior officials have been worried for how to lay a burden on Chinese companies. In their view, Chinese companies are unfair or unethical business practices. A federal judge’s recent ruling, State-owned Chinese drywall manufacturer Taishan gypsum have committed criminal and civil contempt of the class on the grounds that the company abruptly stops participating in a pile with a five-year court case proceedings. Cases identified, the companies will use for seven Virginia families responsible for the toxic drywall.

Democratic Senator Bill Nelson from Florida (BillNelson), said he believes this case goes far beyond the scope of drywall. “This is a test of the nature of the Chinese Government and Chinese enterprises are major questions about the risks of doing business with China,” Nielson said in July this year in the Senate. “Whether it is in the commercial contract or other contracts, the Chinese Government and will abide by the ethical and legal obligations of the company? ”

Sean Henry, President of security technology and services company CrowdStrike (ShawnHenry) said that in cases of cyber crime, there are many industries and companies are often reluctant to cooperate with the prosecution. Henry served in the Federal Bureau of investigation (FBI) served as Executive Assistant Director. Businesses fear the public security breaches that may be detrimental to the reputation and undermine competitive advantages, and will open the door to litigation. In his view, threatened to use trade sanctions against United States Government-owned block network attacks ahead of the rare weapons.

“The Chinese Government and enterprises from intellectual property theft in money earned from the hundreds of millions, the punishment and the risk is almost zero,” he said. “At present, there is no mechanism to bring anyone to justice. ”

Still uncertain is whether the Ministry will push for this matter, and how to move forward. Officials said it was reviewing this for only, otherwise declined to comment. It is also unclear, suffer from a balance between the promotion of green energy and protecting domestic manufacturing in the White House, would support in such cases use of tariffs means. Justice Department spokeswoman make·leimengdi (MarcRaimondi) said the Government “welcome in dealing with this kind of crime, many-pronged.” He believes that in addition to the use of the criminal justice measures, there are many different tools can be used to combat this type of criminal activity.

Trade officials should be the first thing to do is to begin an investigation, for the case where the solar world is violated, and China’s solar companies–the Justice Department’s complaint did not disclose the specific name–benefit from the situation before it can impose tariffs on imports from these companies. Trade lawyers said that if the Chinese Government or company refused to provide relevant information, the Ministry can be ruled admissible when other facts, such as the evidence submitted by the party making the application.

Trade experts said that even if the Department of Commerce does not start investigations, solar energy demands of the world and the Justice Department formally charged, will focus the necessary attention to the Chinese Government. In an effort to enhance their industry, the Chinese Government’s attitude can be described as better than other countries is particularly prominent.

“China in the name of economy made various attempts, many beneficiaries are State-owned or State-sponsored enterprises. Depth of the extent of such activities, trade, I think most people have not seen before, “said Kelly law firm, practicing in Washington (KelleyDrye), lawyer Paul · C · Rosenthal (PaulC.Rosenthal) said. “This problem needs to be addressed, needs better remedies to be addressed. ”

Original title: when hacker on the solar poles, United States businesses moved out of the tactic of tariff … …

Japan energy to build 30 solar Island out to sea (map)

Polaris solar PV net news: Japan covering about 146,000 square miles (378,000 square kilometers), and the United States about the size of Montana. The difference is Montana’s population is about 1 million, while Japan 128 million people are crammed in its homeland. Japan’s ambitious want to get out of nuclear energy and to rely more on cleaner energy, but the lack of land to create a problem.

So this kind of clean-energy projects built in where? Japan Kyocera Corporation and century Tokyo Leasing Corporation, will be carried out on the water, clean energy projects. The two companies are cooperating in building two huge solar Island, respectively, in the two islands floating on the 2 reservoirs (or pond), which totals produces 2.9 megawatts of energy. According to a survey, the two floating total 2.9 megawatts of solar power station capacity is sufficient to meet the 483-967 families in United States domestic consumption.

One of “water-MW solar power stations” on XI ping reservoir will be built. It was announced that the two companies, which will generate about 1.7 megawatts of power, which makes it one of the world’s largest floating solar power stations. Second solar power station will be built on the pond of Dongping, it will produce about 1.2 megawatts of clean energy. The program is scheduled to start in September, is expected to complete by April 2015.

Bloomberg News quoted a spokeswoman as saying: Kyocera Corporation and century Tokyo Leasing Corporation of this enterprise is to finally be able to use its 30 floating power station produces 60 megawatts of solar power, per the average capacity is approximately 2 MW power station. Water’s solar power station is concerned, Denmark Copenhagen, may be larger than Japan earlier step: probably soon will be a giant solar panels “energy duck” floating in their ports.

Original title: Japan will build 30 solar power to Sea Island to energy

China power investment investment cooperation agreements with the Qinghai provincial government to speed up its photovoltaic and solar thermal projects development

Polaris solar PV net news: on September 1, the SASAC and the State Council convened in Xining of Qinghai province on Central enterprises to aid youth Symposium, Deputy Xia Zhong, General Manager of the China Power Investment Corporation on behalf of China Power Investment Corporation and the biggest 30 representatives and provincial governments signed the agreement on investment cooperation.

Since 2009, the China Power Investment Corporation and Qinghai provincial government in “green Conference” signed a number of cooperation agreements, the signing and implementation of the agreement, promoting the group in Qinghai province has played an important role in the development. Over the years, Qinghai province, China Power Investment Corporation will serve as an important regional industrial layout, forming a hydro aluminium, electricity and industrial clusters in Silicon, development of new energy projects to achieve leapfrog development, mining project preliminary work in order. For Qinghai province, to further promote these resources advantages into economic advantages, and to develop clean energy, energy saving and emission reduction, improving ecological environment of Qinghai has made a positive contribution.

It is reported that, as of now, China power investment subsidiary company of the Yellow River in Qinghai electric power installed capacity reached 10.65 million-kilowatt, with total assets of more than 58 billion yuan, the cumulative paid more than 10 billion yuan of taxes and fees, for 14 consecutive years as the financial pillars of enterprises in Qinghai province, making important contribution to rapid social and economic development of Qinghai province.

The signing of the agreement, effectively promoted the China Power Investment Corporation in the pace of development and construction of energy projects in Qinghai. According to the agreement, China Power Investment Corporation will increase investment in Qinghai province, speeding up hydropower, wind power, thermal power, solar photovoltaic and solar thermal power project development, and use of their own advantages, actively promoting the hot dry rock, Al, SI and mining industries construction projects.

Original title: China Power Investment Corporation and Qinghai provincial government investment cooperation agreement signed

Vigorously promoting the development of PV industry in Inner Mongolia 5 Park becoming a tendency to cluster

Polaris solar PV net news: reporter from 2014, held on September 3 in Hohhot, China International Conference on Silicon Photovoltaic Industry Expo learned that PV industry in Inner Mongolia autonomous region, vigorously promote development, has 5 photovoltaic industrial park built so far formed the industrial basis.

5 Park are located in Hohhot, baotou, tuyou, ejin Horo banner, Ordos city, and wulate houqi, Bayan Nur city and ALXA economic development zone, polysilicon capacity up to 22,000 tons, monocrystalline silicon production capacity reached 16,000 tons. Reportedly, in Inner Mongolia will full played PV industry compared advantage, implementation innovation drive, to existing PV enterprise, and PV industry Park for focus, relies on big enterprise big group, concentrated development, and chain of development, focus on build has strong competitiveness of PV industry cluster, strive to to 2020, full district polysilicon capacity reached 100,000 tons, Silicon capacity reached 40,000 tons, solar and the component over 10 Kat w, full district PV industry output reached 100 billion yuan.

The Conference by the China Nonferrous metals industry association, municipality and Chamber of Commerce President Zhang. Theme of the Conference is “coordination of stable development of the whole industry chain, push downstream sector of application.”

Original title: vigorously promoting the development of PV industry in Inner Mongolia 5 Park becoming a tendency to cluster

Solar photovoltaic market at home and abroad the latest dynamic focusing

Polaris solar PV net news: PV industry insiders said “the domestic market is about survival, about development of international markets.” This is justified. Since 2011, PV International has not increased its market share in China is a notable phenomenon, which in turn amplifies the impact factor is the domestic market. In 2013, the global PV installations grew by more than 15%, solar 11.1% drop in export volume compared with 2012, exports fell by $ 20%. However, the market situation in the first half, in 2014 might prove a turning point in the development of the photovoltaic industry.

Our PV manufacturing output of more than 150 billion yuan in the first half, poly silicon productions from 62,000 tonnes, an increase of 100%; wafer production 18GW, an increase of 20%; solar module production 15.5GW, an increase of 34.8%. Photovoltaic industry jumping might occur in the second half, forming shock development curve, industry will remain deep correction.

Following a review of the latest market dynamics of the PV industry chain a week.

The “Overview”

Bloomberg new energy finance (BNEF), compared with the first half of 2013 and 2014, PV product prices will be more stable in the second half, markets are unlikely to be like 2006-2008 kind of “shortage” situation.

Components on the market today and the battery capacity is sufficient, the only bottleneck might be from polycrystalline silicon link. Polysilicon production capacity bottleneck components pushed prices a few cents in the second half, and led to a number of early without the stringent requirements of the project construction period delayed until 2015 start.

United States “double reverse” policy will affect its domestic market demand. Taiwan imposed anti-dumping duties of at least 20% battery components means that the Mainland opt for 2012 ‘s “double reverse” punishment. Meanwhile, Korea, and Malaysia will become a component of the component’s main alternative. At present, the United States large project components on market prices had risen to more than 70 cents per watt.

Minimum import prices in Europe for now with the United States market remain the same at 53 cents per watt (70 cents) level, but the policy still has some vulnerabilities can be exploited.

“Photovoltaic industrial chain”

Polysilicon-the average price rose 29.3%

Ministry of electronic information Division published data report shows first half of 2014, photovoltaic industry development in China continued a warming trend since the second half of last year, generally in a State of development.

Good overall for businesses to

At the end of June 2014, polysilicon prices rose 29.3%, component prices rose 7.3%. Polysilicon production enterprises by 7 at the beginning of last year increased to 16, several key battery to turn them around, part of continuing profitable key enterprises.

Industry continues to grow

First half of this year, China poly silicon productions from 62,000 tonnes, an increase of 100%; wafer production 18GW, an increase of 20%; solar module production 15.5GW, an increase of 34.8%. According to preliminary statistics, the PV manufacturing industry output of more than 150 billion yuan in the first half.

The foreign trade situation gradually picked up

First half of China’s imported polysilicon 45,900 tons, an increase of 17% and imports of $ 1 billion, an increase of 38.8%. Main photovoltaic products (wafers, cells, modules) of about 8.2 billion dollars in exports, an increase of 15.9%.

Industry rising standards

Compared with a year earlier, polycrystalline silicon, amorphous silicon solar cell production line investments has fallen, polysilicon production integrated energy and battery consumption of Silicon per watt average volume of about 10%. Enterprise average efficiency of monocrystalline and polycrystalline cells by 18.8% and rose to 19.3% and 17.8%, respectively; photovoltaic system investment costs has decreased from about 10 Yuan/w 9/w or less.

Sprawl trend of slowing

The operation of the PV manufacturing industry standardized conditions attracted industry attention, some backward production capacity planning or beginning to exit, and industrial restructuring was evident. Part of the merger and reorganization of enterprises will increasingly strong and promote industry concentration ratio has continued to improve, first half of the top 10 production nearly 60% per cent of the whole industry, top 5, polysilicon companies accounted for more than 80%.

Silicon-the Sino-American trade war, wafer plant is expected to benefit from the

Domestic solar wafer manufacturers, China solar grade polysilicon suspended imports of processing applications for policy, United States about 20,000 tonnes per year polysilicon unable to enter the Chinese market, in moving to sales to Taiwan may ease the shortage of raw material supply situation, bringing down prices and internal silicon chip factory purchases raw materials costs are expected to decline.

The other hand, every year from Taiwan to China are processed into about 10,000 tonnes of polysilicon wafer and polysilicon processing in China after the pipe is blocked, battery makers the polysilicon material source may seek Taiwan wafer Foundry plant cooperation, including new energy, China and Crystal and master, are expected to benefit from it.

PV inverter–leading energy management devices market

Japan Fuji Keizai (Chuo-ku, Tokyo), issued a report saying: “in the PV inverter (PCS), led largely by 2020 energy management devices market will increase from 2013 74.4%”.

Survey equipment on the market in 2013 from the year launched a fixed price system (FIT), the photovoltaic market for PCS to achieve a substantial growth. Growth in 2014 while PCS will slow down a bit, but still managed to maintain double-digit growth.

Services, recent megawatts (MW) level of PV and wind power stations increases, you can remotely monitor power station operation of tools and services for growth. Subsequently, due to further increases in variability of renewable energy, and changes in capacity and frequency can be adjusted so that a stable grid ancillary services market will be established.

Battery Pack –

1) India abandon imposed on Chinese photovoltaic cell, such as anti-dumping duty rate

On August 25, India, a senior government official said that because Southeast Asian countries could boost India Solar project implementation and cut reliance on imported fossil fuels, so India has given up on the United States, China, Chinese Taiwan, and Malaysia imported PV solar cell plans to levy anti-dumping duty rate.

India Ministry of Finance has rejected a motion on Council of the anti-dumping and anti-subsidy, which is part of India Ministry of trade after a India anti-dumping and countervailing duty Council had ruled in May that photovoltaic equipment imported by pricing below the normal level, and harm the interests of local producers.

2) PV module manufacturer, China enhanced dominance

According to a new report from NPDSolarbuzz, although the United States imposed new trade tariffs, but the Chinese component maker saw its dominance of global supply enhanced.

Latest component keeps track of quarterly reported that major Chinese companies to ship in the second quarter of 2014 6.5GW components. Top 20 manufacturers shipments accounted for all the components of the 71%. China solar module suppliers dominate the top 20 global supply group, quarterly shipment volume of solar modules on the highest quarterly level.

In view of the many strategies open to Chinese manufacturers face trade tariffs, increased production outside China’s manufacturers fared well. China first half of final demand has not been high. Can see what’s new in the second half expected to exceed 10GW capacity. The domestic market may provide an opportunity to further increase in shipments.

Solar energy equipment – increased demand exceeds supply

PV industry downturn cold in recent years, a large number of bankruptcies, the remaining companies are cutting investment. But signs that the industry out of the crisis, estimated demand for solar energy equipment will rise is greater than the supply. Since 2009, the solar energy down almost 50%, and since January this year the index has surged 30%, indicating that the market has recovered from the crisis. When large-scale photovoltaic companies will benefit, including China’s Yingli Green energy holding company limited and Trina solar limited.

The “PV market in China”

Once the domestic photovoltaic industry slump, emerging out of the cold “winter”. Ministry’s “operation of the PV industry in the first half,” shows that PV industry in China jump might occur, forming shock development curve. Solar Panel demand in the second half of this year is expected to increase by about 29%, Panel oversupply situation will reverse earlier.

At the end of June 2014, polysilicon production enterprises in China made by 7 at the beginning of last year increased to 16, a number of key cells to turn them around, some key enterprises to achieve continuous profitability. Meanwhile, the scale of the photovoltaic industry continues to grow, the foreign trade situation gradually picked up, according to preliminary statistics, the PV manufacturing industry output of more than 150 billion yuan in the first half.

Won relief in the market turns for the better, looking for breakthrough from the whole industry chain, from the purely manufacturer gradually shift to a resource provider, and probably will be for some time to come the domestic photovoltaic industry giants “reversal” market is the most powerful weapon.

The “PV market overseas”

Brazil greatly increased market attractiveness

IHS’s most recent report shows that Brazil plans to auction 3.5GW PV capacity before 2018, it is definitely a good news for the solar industry, this ambitious project is expected to contribute significantly to the growth of the solar industry in Latin America.

Brazil electricity regulatory agency (ANEEL) has announced the scheme called reserve capacity auction facility to build new generation facilities to cope with power shortages that may occur. This may occur during dry years in areas of low power level.

Next auction scheduled in October, and for different technologies with different types of auctions. Additional capacity compared to conventional auctions, such as many renewable energy technologies to compete with, making wind energy more advantages in the auction, the new auctions will be more conducive to the PV market development.

Germany huge potential for solar storage batteries

Early 2014, Germany the photovoltaic system generating capacity grew by 28% wind system power output went up by 19%. Report main characteristics can be summed up in two points in the first half: suitable for high temperatures and power generation (solar and wind). The first half, Germany photovoltaic system generating capacity rose 28%.

Germany in the field of solar batteries has great potential. EuPD Research institutions according to market forecasts, Germany battery for solar savings sales quantity will be increased from 6,000 in 2013 to 2018 more than 100,000 years.

India will fully support planned for 2019 PV installed capacity up to 5 GW

Government committed to supporting all domestic solar power manufacturing, and the plant should be operating at full capacity and expansion. According to India press information Bureau (PressInformationBureau) of India Government’s Ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE), electricity, coal and new energy and renewable energy Minister, Mr PiyushGoyal told the developers, manufacturers and stakeholders, the Government will provide full support for solar manufacturing in China.

According to reports, India Andhra Pradesh is planning to launch a major initiative promotes the development of renewable energy industries, is planned for 2019 reach 5 gigawatts in installed PV capacity.

2016 Kenya solar power is expected to account for as much as half the total electricity production

Africa Kenya originally in water and electricity as the main source of electricity, now Kenya wants to fully developing solar power, has selected 9 location of solar farms. By 2016, the solar power will account for Kenya more than half the electricity in the country.

Kenya due to low water levels affect the main dam, water and electricity costs are quite high, investment in solar projects can not only ensure power supply power supply cut in electricity charges will also be currently Kenya’s solar investment continued to increase, investment totalling more than $ 500 million.

According to Kenya Energy Regulatory Commission figures over the next 4 years should continue to increase the amount of solar power generation, Kenya is expected to be ranked 3rd in the world.

Japan PV market in 2013 to expand to 2.5 trillion yen 210,000 employees

Japan Photovoltaic Association (JPEA) statistics: Japan photovoltaic power generation system by 2013 in the domestic market has expanded to 2.5 trillion yen, and white goods market equivalent. Japan Association of photovoltaic power generation, renewable power is fixed-price system introduced, Japan photovoltaic power generation system market expanded rapidly, from about 670 billion yen in 2011-by 2013, reaching 2.5 trillion yen. Here said the market for photovoltaic systems, in addition to photovoltaic panels, inverters, substation facilities, units and junction boxes and other equipment, including land formation, Foundation construction, installation and wiring, and other system settings such as construction design and management-related causes.

With the expansion of markets, employment is increasing, allegedly engaged in photovoltaic system production, sales and construction numbers about 90,000 people directly employed and peripheral industry personnel, total employment of about 210,000 people.

Sub-Saharan Africa will invest in solar and other alternative energy $ 5.9 billion

According to Bloomberg new energy finance (BNEF), 2014, sub-Saharan Africa will launch 1.8GW of renewable electricity generation. This year is expected to be in the area of renewable energy (geothermal, solar and wind energy) investment of 5.9 billion dollars. 5% lower than the $ 6.2 billion in investments last year, 2016, investment is expected to rise to 7.7 billion dollars.

Allegedly promoted not only because of increased demand, also as per megawatt hour cost-conscious–as the more expensive diesel and coal-fired power, solar energy and other renewable energy prices fall sharply.

Original title: solar photovoltaic market at home and abroad the latest dynamic focusing

Chile pushing for solar industry

Polaris solar PV net news: Chile North of the Atacama desert (AtacamaDesert) is one of world’s most concentrated sunlight, stable regions. Today, it’s surrounded by acres of solar panels, but also form a unique landscape. Chile with unique natural conditions, are making efforts to promote the development of solar energy industry.

Installed capacity of the project were reaching new heights

In July, Chile President Michelle Bachelet visited the United States, one of the United States Government financial investment business development agency “overseas private investment company” announced that it will for Chile in the Atacama desert solar electric LuzdelNorte offers loans of up to $ 230 million, United States first solar (FirstSolar) will build the capacity of 141 MW solar power plant. The project is not only Chile’s biggest solar-power farms, but also across Latin America will become the largest solar farm.

In fact, it’s not Chile’s first large-scale solar projects. In June this year, is also in the Atacama desert, another United States solar company SunEdison developed, construction of the AmanecerSolarCAP power plant began production. The plant covers an area of more than 250 acres, at a cost of $ 250 million, is equipped with a total of 310,000 photovoltaic modules, with a total installed capacity of 100 megawatts, years when the power supply can reach 270 GW, sufficient for 125,000 Chile home’s energy needs.

SunEdison in Europe, Africa and Latin America, President Jose ˙ Perez had proudly said: “diversify Chile’s energy mix, cut costs and promoting Chile in renewable energy and contribute positively to the project. Up to now, the grid size of the companies in the Atacama desert have reached 150 MW, but all this is just the beginning. ”

Companies favor Solar energy projects

Solar energy is now in Chile became one of the most popular renewable energy projects. Figures, including SunEdison companies, Chile has now absorbed the renewable energy investment of $ 7 billion, mainly for the development of solar projects.

According to Bloomberg, Chile’s largest wind developer Pattern energy group has joined the army of solar energy industry. The Group also plans in the Atacama desert to build a solar power station. On August 26, the Pattern CEO Michael ˙ Galan said the Group has already obtained environmental permit future in Chile to build more renewable energy power plants. “At present, Chile political environment is stable and very economical investments projects. “Garland said,” renewable energy is expected to become Chile’s main electricity supply. ”

According to Chile renewable energy Center, in 2013 with the surge in renewable power installed capacity reached 1.1 GW. Renewable electricity generation reaches about 4 TWh, in 2012, rising to 26%, has accounted for Chile 5.85% of electricity.

In fact, Chile to develop renewable power by last-ditch move. In May of this year, Chile’s Energy Minister Maximo ˙ Pacheco has said that over the past 7 years, Chile have doubled electricity prices, will rise again in the coming 7 years 30%.

Chile President Michelle Bachelet pointed out that, in order to meet the growing demand for electricity, avoid the appearance of a power shortage, Chile needs to realize the diversification of sources of power, and lower costs. In order to reflect Government attaches to the renewable power industry, Bachelet also attended the opening ceremony of the wind farm. She also said that the future Government will expedite renewable energy investment, in particular, to increase solar power generation.

Government pushing new incentives for industry to develop

Under the President’s lead, Chile Government from the solar industry a great deal of support from the policy level.

According to the Chile national heritage Ministry, Bachelet was re-elected on December 15, 2013, Chile within 7 months of the President, Chile Government has granted 76 offers land to renewable energy projects, are located on the Chile North, up to 21,400 hectares of the total area. Among them, the total building solar power plants 70; while the centre-right government, in power for 3.5 years time, total number of granted land concessions for renewable energy project is also to reach 74 times.

Chile Government also points out that starts in 2014 also has increased the number of renewable energy projects. Chile renewable energy Center data show that at present, Chile total installed capacity reached 487 MW of solar projects are under construction.

In addition, the solar industry as one of the Bachelet campaign theme, also won a number of other policies. Bachelet’s Government announced that it will launch a program called “public solar roofs” project, valid for 4 years, and investment of $ 13 million. The project’s target areas are those that have strong natural resources and high electricity prices. In addition, the project will provide Chile use real data for the economic benefits of the photovoltaic system.

However, insiders believe that Chile solar energy industry development is not currently benefiting from Government promotion. For example, up to now, Chile solar projects under construction have not been subsidized rates or other tax breaks. Another market analyst, pointed out that, although Chile lots of utility-grade solar projects are under development, but distributed power generation sector is almost a dead letter.

Moreover, while Chile was approved by Parliament as early as 2012, net metering Bill but has not enacted the necessary rules for the implementation of and Chile currently is equal to neither a net metering law, no feed-in tariff subsidy rates policy. Chile President of the solar energy society Ver ó nicaMunita says: “we have been waiting for the installed capacity is less than 100-kilowatt of distributed generation systems and regulations published. We already have many of our own solar and other renewable energy projects, but none of these systems produce electricity grid. ”

Original title: Chile pushing for solar industry

Perovskite cell will become a dark horse in the solar industry, please?

Polaris solar PV net news: solar cells are semiconductor devices that can convert light energy into electricity, which is the photovoltaic effect (photovoltaiceffect). Take advantage of this effect, solar cells to convert solar energy into electrical energy. Therefore, the cell conversion efficiency higher, we can gain more power. So the main goal is to constantly strive for higher conversion efficiency of solar cells.

Usually we see in the solar panels, is made of crystalline silicon material. This kind of crystalline-silicon solar cells from began its development in the 1970 of the 20th century to the present, photoelectric conversion efficiency of up to 25%, after nearly 50 years of this period of time. And hottest research areas is perovskite-type methylamine PB-iodide thin-film solar cells (hereinafter perovskite-type solar cells), 5 years from 2009 to 2014, photoelectric conversion efficiency jumped from 3.8% to 19.3%, improving by a factor of 5 times. Progress of perovskite-type solar cell conversion efficiency so great and cheaper and easier to produce than traditional silicon cells, Science (Science) journal 2013 rated it as one of the top 10 scientific breakthroughs.

United States national renewable energy laboratory (NationalRenewableEnergyLaboratory,NREL) published by early 2014, all kinds of solar cell conversion efficiency record. Current record for the highest conversion efficiency concentrator type triple junction solar cells is manufactured by sharp created, up to 44.4%. Described in perovskite-type solar cells being counted as 17.9% (see circled in the picture) and perovskite-type solar cell conversion efficiency has been at the University of California, Los Angeles Professor Yang Yang’s team improved to 19.3%.

Perovskite-what is it?

In Russia he discovered calcium Titanium Ore, hidden in the Harvard Museum of natural history Credit:La2O3 (CCBY-SA3.0license).

Perovskite (perovskite) is Germany mineralogist Gustav ˙ Ross (GustavRose) in 1839, in Russia on the territory of the Central Ural mountains found perovskite rock samples, decided to use his great geologist named LevPerovski in the heart of this ore [4]. The ore is a normal crystal of organometallic compounds, mainly composed of calcium titanate (CaTiO3). Later, people referred to the perovskite cell, not with his discovery of the ore material is made of, but using similar compounds with perovskite crystal structure.

Perovskite crystal structure diagrams

The structures of perovskite is ABX3 form. Sharing a BX6 in every corner of this structure is octahedral, where b is the metal cation (Sn2+ or Pb2+), x is an anion (Cl-,Br-or I-). Cation in perovskite a material to be used to offset charges reached electrically neutral, alkali metal ions which can be a large RADIUS, and can even be a molecule. This particular crystal structure so that it has a lot of unique physical and chemical properties, such as draw optical, electro-catalytic properties, and so on, in the field of chemistry, physics, has a small application. In the perovskite family now includes hundreds of substances, from conductors, semiconductors, insulators, very wide, many of which are synthetic. Solar cells using perovskite (such as CH3NH3PbI3, CH3NH3PbBr3 and CH3NH3PbCl3) belong to the semiconductor, have good light absorption.

5 years, from 3.8% to 19.3%

In 2009, Gong Banli shadow Yokohama Tong University (TsutomuMiyasaka), lead by a thin film of perovskite (CH3NH3PbI3 and CH3NH3PbBr3) as a light absorbing layer used in dye-sensitized solar cells, produced the perovskite-type solar cell. Photoelectric conversion rate at that time was 3.8%. Later researchers have improved the battery converted to over 1 time. Conversion efficiency, but also face a deadly problem-perovskite metal halide easily hydrolyzed liquid electrolyte in the battery led battery low stability, short life. [6]

In August 2012, gelazier (Gr which tzel) leadership has been achieved by Sungkyunkwan University and Polytechnic of Lausanne laboratory will be a solid hole transport materials (holetransportmaterials,HTM) into solar cells, cell efficiency improving to 10%, but also solves the problem of unstable batteries, new type of perovskite-type solar cells with liquid electrolyte is easier to package than before. After that, the perovskite-type solar cells become the new hot spot.

Graz’s laboratory in nature, 2013 (Nature) published papers in journals, observed by scanning electron microscope of the perovskite cell cross-sectional images. Sequentially from the top down is gold (anode), HTM hole transport layer, TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3 (perovskite), FTO transparent conductive glass, as well as at the bottom of the glass.

In an endless stream of perovskite-type solar cell-related study, scientists also found that perovskite suck not only is good, is also a good charge transport material. They continued by improving structure of perovskite materials and to improve photoelectric conversion rate of the perovskite cell. In the same year, Oxford, Henry ˙ Si Naisi (HenrySnaith) battery of TiO2 use in aluminum (Al2O3) is replaced, perovskite is not only the absorption of light in the cell layers, also can be used as transmission charge of semiconductor materials. Thus, of the perovskite cell conversion efficiency rose to 15%[8]. Si Naisi said “development of perovskite-type battery so fast, I feel that this record may soon be broken. ”

Sure enough, in August this year, at the University of California at Los Angeles team led by Chinese scientists like Yang Yang, in science (Science) journal, according to a new research paper, through improved perovskite layers, select the material more suitable for transmission charge for the battery at both ends of the electrodes can collect more. In this study, perovskite-type solar cell conversion efficiency of up to 19.3%[9], became the area’s largest.

The clean energy of the future?

Although we have been able to mass production conversion efficiency of up to 25% of crystalline silicon solar cells, and conversion efficiency 17% of CIGS (Copper-Indium-Gallium-Tin), solar cells, but we should be aware that when the solar panels to generate clean energy, its production cost is not low in production of raw materials can also cause a certain degree of environmental pollution. Other organic thin-film solar cell and solar cell conversion efficiency of organic-inorganic hybrid is still at around 10%.

Perovskite-type solar cell conversion efficiency not only has obvious advantages, the production process is relatively simple. Laboratories often use liquid phase deposition, vapor deposition techniques, mixing and liquid/vapor deposition process. Therefore, the cheaper and easier to manufacture in perovskite-type solar cells, is likely to change the whole pattern of solar cells. From now on, its power generation costs and could even be lower than the thermal power.

However, we are not in a hurry to it “for life” wants to realize the tremendous business value of perovskite-type batteries, there are 3 challenges to be addressed:

Poisonous. Perovskite materials contain lead, which is a hazard to humans and the environment have a great element. United States Northwestern University have developed a Tin replace lead perovskite-type solar cells, but the cell conversion efficiency are only 6%. This battery is still in the early stages of development, in the future there may be room to improve efficiency;

Unstable. Lead oxidized perovskite volatile, and when the crystals, water is easy to decompose. If we use the perovskite cell generation, it may seep into the roof or in the soil, a threat to the environment;

Life is not long. Currently, the longest life expectancy of perovskite-type solar cells can be up to 1000 hours, cooperation in research and development by the Huazhong University of science and the Lausanne Federal Polytechnic. While traditional crystalline silicon solar battery life and can be up to 25 years, much longer than the perovskite cell.

Although perovskite future difficulties, but in today’s energy shortage, people will not give up any chance of new energy. Maybe one day, humans will rely on it to provide electricity. (Edit: haematococcus pluvialis)

Original title: rapid development of perovskite-type batteries, you will become a dark horse in the solar industry?

High costs restricting zhe domestic photovoltaic industry called PV blue-water in residential roofing

Polaris solar PV net news: the last day of August, Feng Hui Zhen Feng Ming village, Shaoxing, Zhejiang Tang Pengji conceived four months many scenarios exist: their own rooftop solar photovoltaic systems into the national power grid, not only to meet the electricity needs of Tang Pengji family of five, the excess electricity can be sold to the State grid Corporation. The 10-kilowatt system, Tang Pengji spent more than 100,000 yuan.

“The subsidy according to the related policy, take 5-6 years to recover the cost. Time is too long, there are snacks cold! “Tang Pengji to sell the excess electricity prices again and again, make him feel frustrated is that home photovoltaic system is not only the high cost and cost recovery for far too long.

On October 26, 2012, national grid announced views on doing well the work of distributed PV on-grid services, this initiative to bring family-from large-scale photovoltaic power generation, distributed: the State encourages distributed PV distributed access and low voltage distribution system and promised free for 6 MW of distributed solar power projects connected to the grid, full purchase of surplus electricity.

However, high equipment costs, cost recovery period is long, has not only become a Tang Pengji one’s troubles, also became a difficulty encountered by families of PV power generation in China.

In February 2013, linhai, Taizhou, Zhejiang He Xianjun is the first family of photovoltaic grid-connected power generation project in Zhejiang province. According to the Zhejiang Provincial electric power company: by the end of July this year, household PV projects in the province a total of 134, volume 846.4 kW. Among them, the grid project 86, volume 606.8 kW. Power companies said 134 residents on-grid and grid-connected applications family contains only PV projects, residents installed grid-connected generation system, but not the family cannot be quantified.

Solar energy industries Association Secretary-General Shen Fuxin, Zhejiang Province, believes that strictly speaking, a family not many PV projects in Zhejiang Province, “in addition to new countryside plan construction, leaving the user’s awareness of energy saving and emission reduction, spontaneous installation required. ”

Shen Fuxin referred to the high cost and low income are important causes of household PV at present cannot be universal. He also mentioned that subsidies of at least 1.1 Yuan/degree when household PV Returns period can be seen, “and the current price, combined with State subsidies of Zhejiang Province, 4 2 Mao and subsidies 1 hair, add up to less than a dollar per watt”.

“Families are mainly cost. “The Committee through a letter, Zhejiang Province industrial investment Department official surnamed Chen told reporters that the family of photovoltaic power generation costs about ten dollars a Watt, as the family roof small size, cost and there is no way to stand down. The other hand, although States and provinces, even with subsidies, but the cost of photovoltaic power generation system is that the subsidy is not enough to make up for it.

“We have several large, primarily residential community and the construction of new countryside, such as jiaxing shajiabang community. “The Committee through a letter, Zhejiang Province, officials said. Shajiabang community is located in xiuzhou district, jiaxing city, 100 families in a community rooftop solar photovoltaic generating units were installed, this is the rural area of Zhejiang Province, the first compact residential rooftop PV solar energy demonstration projects.

“By the end of the finished we should implement nearly 2000 families of PV power projects, mostly in Zhejiang province. “Zhejiang solar technology Co Ltd chairman Hou Shengyue said, he referred to 2000 than on equipment installation, was not in the incorporation phase. He is a case study of development of solar water heaters and that the family as photovoltaic power generation and residential application of solar energy water heaters, sooner or later, become a kind of consumption habits.

With the cold case of PV markets in foreign countries, starting last solar domestic PV market shift from foreign to domestic, Hou Shengyue believes PV market blue-water in the households on the roof, just need time to spread slowly, slowly the market.

Committee through a letter the Chief also believes it is only a matter of time home photovoltaic, with carrying capacity of the environment more and more weak, PV is definitely a trend, now plant photovoltaic can make money, family this will be better and better, “to lower costs, Governments at all levels should promote its work”.

“When I installed it thinking, better than bank interest rates high, as an investment strategy. “Tang Pengji smiled and said, now has some neighbors asked him about household PV power thing. He also intends to wait after the successful incorporation, own my own company that specializes in home photovoltaic equipment sales and installation.

Original title: high costs restricting zhe domestic photovoltaic industry called PV blue-water in residential roofing

PV DC switching back from Australia to see the importance of choosing appropriate PV DC switch

Polaris solar PV net news: an increasing number of Australia due to OEM sales of photovoltaic solar company DC switching unqualified leads to close down. Almost all Australia dealers chose to import cheap OEM DC switch to sell, switch OEM easier, only the name and packaging, the original combined with easy second factory belonging to the small workshops, no brand recognition, small scale and are willing to cooperate.

And PV quality problems led to a number of DC switch Australia solar companies go out of business

Dealers by posting on cheap DC switch in Australia to sell local brands to increase added value. Dealer OEM products need to assume all warranty services later, assumed all responsibility for product problems. In this way, once a product has quality problem, will allow dealers to take higher risks, affect their own brand, which is also the main cause of the collapse of these companies. These DC switch-the main problem is this:

1. contact high impedance caused by overheating or even fire, 2. switch doesn’t turn off, switch the handle in a ‘OFF’ State, 3. not completely cut off cause a spark; 4. allowable operating current is too small, prone to overheating, make the switch interrupter is damaged or even shape deformation. Selling a company in Queensland, according to test safety of DC switch, on a rooftop solar system in users at least 70 fires were sparked, another electrical fire risk to tens of thousands of worried homeowners. Advancetech headquartered on the Sunshine Coast is a long established company, whose motto is “tried, tested and trusted.”

On May 12, 2014, the Queensland Attorney-General JarrodBleijie ordered the immediate recall by the import and sales of 27,600 Advancetech solar DC-switch, the PV DC switching at the time of importation was renamed “Avanco”. On May 16, 2014 Advancetech entered bankruptcy, all secondary distributors and installers had to bear the cost of replacement products and risks. This shows that it’s not about what you bought but who do you buy things and its potential risks.

Australia recalled brands relate to: GWRPTYLTDTradingasUniquipIndustries the company’s DC switching, recalled due to overheating and cause a fire.

NHPElectricalEngineeringProductPtyLtd the company’s DC switching, recalled because if the switch handle to ‘OFF’ status, but contact is always ‘ON’, switching cannot be turned off.

DKSHAustraliaPtyLtd PVPower brand-DC switch recall is again overheating and cause a fire. Eltechindustries’s DCISO-MAX brand of DC switching, largely due to the design flaw does not completely cut off even fire arc and overheating. Currently, there are a lot of so-called DC circuit breaker is not really a DC circuit breaker, but improved by AC circuit breaker. PV systems are generally disconnected from voltage and current is higher in case of an earth fault, high short-circuit currents will pull together contacts, resulting in a very high short circuit current, the maximum can be up to thousands of amps (depending on product).

Photo: AVANCO brand PV DC switch recall

Figure five: DC and AC

Especially common in PV systems parallel input or multi-channel multiplex panels panels independent inputs, so you need to cut off the DC parallel input or multi-channel multiplex panels panels-DC independent inputs, where the arc of DC switch capacity requirements will be higher, the improvement of DC circuit breaker on the PV system will be a lot of risk.

Each cycle of the alternating current have a natural zero point, zero-crossing easier arc; and DC is not zero, arc difficult to extinguish. AC arc easy arc of DC system more difficult. Because the system is different, the principle of the arc are different, therefore DC and AC breaker breaker there is a big difference in structure and performance. Relative to the alternating current circuit-breakers, the arc-extinguishing devices of DC circuit breaker additional to increase arc.

Any AC circuit breaker most materials applicable to the exchange of circuit design and manufacture, which means that no matter the load voltage is 230 v (AC) or 400 volts (AC), it is fifty-sixtieths Hz sine wave. In pass broken Exchange electric Shi, must to note voltage of features is it must will through 0 v, so, despite different of load situation has different, but current will gradually itself disappeared-here refers to of is even circuit breaker device in power peak of when switch, and touch head between has electric arc into, power voltage reduced to 0 v of process also means with load of voltage also will tend to Yu zero, arc was out off. However, the total DC voltage to remain constant, through contact between the power is always the same, unless the load to zero. If the load is 500 volts (DC), 25 amps, so it is now, after a second, a minute later, after one hour is 500 volts, 25 amps-remain constant. And exchanges are not the same, all DC load throughout the shutdown process in the DC load is constant between contacts of switch; does not pass through the 0 v of direct current level unless there is a system power failure (or other errors).

Choose second, DC switching of several criteria

How to choose suitable for PV system DC switch it? the following criteria may refer to:

1. try to choose a big brand, in particular through the internationally recognised brands.

PV DC circuit breaker main European certification IEC60947-3 (European common criteria, most Asia-Pacific countries), UL508 (United States standard), UL508i (for PV system DC United States standard), GB14048.3 (domestic standard), CAN/CSA-C22.2 (Canada standard), VDE0660.

All the international brands such as certification, such as the United Kingdom of the IMO and Netherlands SANTON, most of the brands were domestic IEC60947-3 only through a universal standard.

2. Select the DC circuit breaker arc function.

ARC extinguishing effect is assessing the DC switch is one of the most important indicators. Real have specialized arc-extinguishing devices of DC circuit breaker and load turned off. General real of DC circuit breaker device of structure design compared special, handles and touch head no directly of connection, so pass broken of when not directly rotating touch head and disconnect, but has special of spring for connection, dang handles rotating or mobile to a specific points Shi triggered all of touch head “suddenly disconnect”, thus produced a very quickly of pass broken action, makes arc time continued compared short.

General international brands of photovoltaic DC switch been killed within a few milliseconds of arc, such as IMO SI systems claims to be in 5 milliseconds of arc. General AC circuit breakers improved over the arc of DC circuit breaker for 100 milliseconds or more.

Figure six switching with independent external DC switch panels

Breaking a string of seven panels, external DC switch

3. resistant to high voltages and currents.

PV system voltages up to 1000V (United States 600V), you need to disconnect electrical current based on its brand power, photovoltaic systems and connection is parallel or multiple independent connections (multi MPPT) is different. DC switching voltage and current by the need to disconnect the PV array voltage and current decisions. PV DC circuit breakers in the selection according to the following experience:

Voltage =NSxVOCx1.15 (Formula 1.1) current =NPxISCx1.25 (Equation 1.2)

NS – the number of panels in series

NP – number of battery packs parallel VOC – the battery open circuit voltage and short-circuit current ISC – modules of 1.15 and 1.25 is the experience factor as big brand DC 1000V DC voltage switch can be disconnected, even disconnected 1500V DC input. Major brands of DC switch power series, such as ABB’s PV DC switch-there are hundreds of series products, DC switch for IMO to focus on distributed PV systems, can provide a 50A,1500V of DC switch. While some small factories generally provide only 16A,25A DC, its technology and process it is difficult to produce high power PV DC switch.

4. product model range.

Generic brands of DC switch has a variety of models to meet demand for different occasions, have an external, built-in, by series and parallel terminals meet multiple MPPT chosen, locking and non-locking, and meet a variety of installation methods such as pedestal mount (installed on the combiner boxes and cabinets), and Panel Mount single hole and so on.

5. high flame retardancy and protection.

Casing, a base material for General DC switch or the handles are plastic, with its fire-retardant properties, and can generally meet the UL94 standards. Quality DC switching shell or body can meet UL94V-0 standards, and handles General meet UL94V-2 standards.

Second for inside the inverter DC switch, outer handle can switch, which generally require the protection degree of the switch is at least satisfy the test requirements for machine protection class. Currently is widely used in the industries of string inverters (generally less than 30kW of power level) generally meet the whole machine protection class of IP65, which requires built-in DC switch panel and machine installation of the sealing requirements are relatively high. For external switch if installed outdoors, are required to meet at least the IP65 protection rating.

Three selection steps, PV system DC switching

PV DC selection General switch by preliminary estimates of key parameters and ensure that an adequate allowance. Power output of the photovoltaic panels photovoltaic system itself affected by the weather, such as ambient temperature, the inverter power point tracking effect and, secondly, PV inverter itself have input power limit and protection, maximum permissible input voltage and current limit and protection of last DC switch rated shutoff capability and ambient temperature are also related.

Environment when certain panels (arrays) output DC power inverter-following impact with increasing voltage, DC switching current capability drops (thermal effects). Generally use DC switch-off panels actual output voltages and currents, weather, environmental stability, inverter power track take into account.

The easiest method is to choose the DC switch (both external and internal) to meet the requirements of formula as above 1.1 and 1.2. Because solar panels cannot work on the Max voltage and short-circuit open-circuit current, so the General external DC switch-reference using the maximum power point voltage and current:

Voltage =NSxVMPx1.15 (Equation 1.3)

Current =NPxIMPx1.25 (Formula 1.4) for the DC switching built-in, you may also be subject to maximum input voltage and current of the inverter itself limits,

In order to save costs, according to DC switching switching panels actual output voltage and current, no more than the selected protection of voltage and current of the inverter used. In General, the DC switching switching V-1 curves need to envelope allows the inverter input DC voltage and current curves. The whole PV DC switching options according to the following steps:

1. determine the system voltage.

Choice of maximum permissible voltages needed to achieve PV system DC switch voltage requirements. Common 600V and 1000V. General access system voltage up to 600V single phase inverter, three-phase string or power inverter system voltages up to 1000V.

2. determine the number of separate battery strings.

If it is a DC switching built-in, integrated inside the inverter, and independently of the inverter MPPT number relationships. Common inverter MPPT is a single road, MPPT dual, there are a few 3-way on grid-connected inverter of MPPT. Power rating of the inverter in the design for single MPPT;3kW~30kW for 1kW~3kW dual MPPT, a small number of companies also have a three-way the inverter MPPT; large inverter above 100kW is usually entered through the combiner box after Confluence along the MPPT. Independently of the inverter’s MPPT built-in DC switch determines the number of selected independent opening segment of logarithms.

If it is an external DC switch may design and networking relationships, you can choose with breaking strings Panel of external DC switch or select only external DC switch for breaking a bunch of cells.

3. determine the battery voltage and current.

By battery voltage and current parameters, general insurance calculated according to the formula for 1.1 and 1.2, 1.3 and 1.4 can also be based on formulas. If you understand the structure of the PV inverter, inverter manufacturers in particular in choosing a built-in DC switch, in order to effectively save inverter machine costs, through research on inverter DC voltage/current curve to select, guarantees choice of DC switching curve in all kinds of weather conditions and temperatures enveloping DC inverter input switch and the current curve.

4. analysis of using environmental and installation methods.

According to use conditions to determine the working temperature, protection and fire rating, usually good quality DC switching is stable at-40 ° to 60 °. Common external DC IP65 degree of protection, built-in DC switch installed to make the whole machine by IP65. Fire rating as the shell or body material UL94V-0, handles UL94V-2. Installation panel mount, Pedestal Mount, single-hole installation.

5. identification of specific models.

If 1~4 meet, you need to select a specific model from the preferred brand. Specific types of specifications is segmented through the current, that exactly match the DC switch is hard to find, some headroom left to select the specifications of DC switch higher than the theoretical calculations. Common 16A,25A and 32A, some major manufacturers will have 40A,50A,600V or 1000V rated voltages.

As domestic PV policy clarity, PV power station added installation increase year by year, especially distributed PV systems started, individual household rooftop PV system installation will be more and more popular. PV DC switch security protection of these systems will be the most important part, PV DC switch is directly related to the stability and reliability of PV power systems stability and benefits, directly affect the safe and reliable operation of photovoltaic systems, so choose a qualified PV DC switch will be crucial.

Domestic market called the PV DC switch AC switch or its product improvement, is not actually in a PV system with safe arc, high power cut off switch. ARC-quenching ability of these AC switch, rated with load cut off power are far from enough, prone to overheating, leakage, and sparks when burnt to destroy the entire photovoltaic power plant.

Original title: PV DC switching back from Australia to see the importance of choosing appropriate PV DC switch

Solar charging stations for electric vehicles to help break down can also charge (map)

Polaris solar PV net news: electric car if the battery runs out and broke down, and off the grid cover place, need special remedial measures. EnvisionSolar solar-powered EV charging station was intended to be erected along the road, catch up with the tide of the Tesla electric car, it was preparing to bring clean energy to require this service for companies, cities, roads, clearing the way for the popularization of electric vehicles to further!

Envision, before leaving the parking lot is a good car battery factory, now catch up with the tide of electric vehicles, is preparing to bring clean energy to the next hot car-charging, and to businesses requiring quick, easy to promote this service or city.

EVARC, as self regeneration of the electric vehicle charger, simply put, is a parking pad configuration 2.3 kW of solar arrays, batteries can reach 22KWh, which was barely enough to cover a car charging day. But when the most used vehicles should be charging, charging that owners of idle time on the way. Electric Board equipped with EVARC EnvisionTrak, technologies, support the solar panels from time to time throughout the day to track the Sun.

As a semi tractor-portable charger, 5 minutes to complete installation of weights, mats weight sufficient to maintain the solar zone 193Km/h customs environment.

EnvisionSolar CEO says a charger prices set at 40,000 dollars in early, the use of such clean energy price subsidies, there should be some tax relief, combined with the power of money saved, will make private car parks should be the long-term profit.

Yesterday, United States the New York Times columnist Stuart believes that Tesla Electric cars face many barriers in the diffusion process, due to the imperfection of charging stations and related facilities, consumers spent more than 70,000 dollars after buying a home, may find that it is just a toy. EnvisionSolar tells us that surrounding the car industry is willing to boost electric vehicles, together to help it solve problems, accelerating the process of electric vehicles in General!

Original title: solar charging stations for electric vehicles to help break down fully

Henan civil PV chernical?

Arctic star solar PV network news: PV industry currently is China in international Shang few of a can around market of industry, is in international Shang has influence of emerging strategy industry, Henan as Zhongyuan rise of economic development big province, was national included PV power engineering focus expand regional is one of; 2014 national issued Henan province added PV power scale 750MW of indicators, which distributed PV power for 550MW, PV station for 200MW, thus, Distributed PV are supported by State and local slope direction. But in Henan, a longtime coal as the main energy consumption pattern, how can I get hold of distributed PV development opportunity?

Government Guide: hemmed in a brisk walk

On August 26, 2013, national development and Reform Commission published the role of price leverage to promote healthy development of the photovoltaic industry notice, provide 0.42 Yuan/degree of distributed State subsidies, subsidies for 20 years. This policy is a major milestone in the development of distributed PV industry events, distributed PV market since the country’s door opened gently and distributed PV plants have sprung up everywhere, while the market is undoubtedly one of the hottest areas in Henan province.

Henan is located in central China, is the cradle of Chinese civilization, is rich in coal resources, also has good lighting resources. With the rise of the central region, driven increasingly serious environmental pollution caused by industrialization, so change the coal-dominated energy consumption, it is imperative to vigorously develop photovoltaic industries. By the end of March this year, PV power installed capacity in Henan province about 200MW, totally Declaration distributed PV this year at 1.5GW. On April 21, 2014, the Henan provincial development and Reform Commission issued the notice on promoting the construction of photovoltaic power generation project clearly indicated that provincial PV quotas are not indicators of the National Energy Board’s restrictions. Provinces are now in a situation of intense competition for PV projects-building indicators, Henan has issued such a policy will undoubtedly advance the development of PV industry in local, distributed PV will no doubt is one of the main event!

Henan province grid company also active response national and the Henan province NDRC of related policy, on distributed PV project proposed “support, and welcomes, and service” of work approach, opened “green channel”, optimization grid process and the procedures, improve service efficiency, active advance grid service work; since last year April to currently weizhi, Henan province powered sector total accepted distributed PV project more than 200 over items, total power capacity about 250MW, Henan distributed PV has entered fast development stage.

Roofing business opportunity: civil solar is the future

According to statistics, Henan province, construction area of about 2.2 billion square meters of the roof, if only 10% of the roof area for the construction of distributed PV systems installed capacity up to 22GW, used 11 million tons of coal could be saved each year, about 30 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions reduction. It can be seen that rooftop PV industry in the effective use of resources not only to ensure the healthy development of green, will also promote energy conservation and environmental protection in Henan province to a new level. But how can distributed PV roof construction begin?

Whether in Zhejiang “jiaxing mode” is also Jiangxi’s “Universal home” project, is the exploration of distributed PV support policies of local governments. Henan although no local subsidies, but light is rich in resources, industrial economy maintained a good momentum of development, distributed PV is very good foundation for the development of the roof, so all parts of Henan in recent years of distributed PV projects bloom in no discernible order. In 2011, undertaken by CEEG solar energy Research Institute of Henan’s first public buildings–116KW Hebi Stadium on-grid PV rooftop PV engineering projects completed successfully this time, first classical application of distributed PV in Henan province.

Since 2013, CEEG, Yingli and other leading companies, looking at distributed PV residential PV consumer market in particular, become the first pioneers of commercial PV. Reporters interviewed China electric commercial photovoltaic systems development Center Marketing Manager Li Guang, he said: “distributed PV as the vanguard of the third industrial revolution, has become a national energy strategy at all levels of Government in recent years has promulgated a series of policies to support distributed, therefore we as electric equipment group distributed in photovoltaic group strategy, particularly civilian consumption market as key development direction. After just one year of development, with nearly 100 distribution and service network in the country, completed over more than 1000 civilian photovoltaic projects, has become the first brand of commercial PV! Henan market development is the focus of this year’s regional, now Anyang, xuchang and Xinxiang in Henan has three sales and service outlets, demonstration project across the Anyang, xuchang,, luohe, Xinxiang, Hebi, Henan commercial PV to become a market leader. ”

Market watch: the iron itself must be hard

With the advance of new town construction in Henan province, more and more involved in the PV industry of residential photovoltaic market in Henan province to develop localized distributors, using it as a manufacturer in the local services window, becoming a mainstream marketing mode. Now more well-known brands on the market in Henan province have CEEG, royalstar, more of a brand than a patchwork of systems integrators in the low-end market in rural areas. Reporters interviewed CEEG civilian long brought new energy, PV yuzhou xuchang dealer General Manager Huang Shuyue, he said: “before joining the CLP, we have in-depth review, distributed PV manufacturers now do too much, but products vary greatly, manufacturers of scale component efficiency, decay rate and product quality are our standard. CEEG brand gold and products are one of the industry ‘s, and the only 20-year product warranty, faced competition from other brands I don’t worry about, currently through the early outreach has acquired over more than 50 potential clients installed. “It is understood that the CEEG only in Anyang region dealer completes the 10 families of grid-connected PV installations and, in a mixed bag of residential photovoltaic market set an example of a combination of superior products and service, market development through development.

In view of this, both in Henan and other areas of the residential photovoltaic market, good brand, good quality products and localization services combine to form a mouth so unbeatable in the market. While it is regrettable that, due to current domestic PV systems of forced entry, a lot of distributed PV projects after the completion of the quality problems of frequent, low efficiency, attenuation and system deficiencies, after-sales service is even not good condition have a significant impact on project profitability, owners and investors suffer, and seriously affected the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry. Especially in the residential photovoltaic market, only for high standards of product and service quality, can it become a real brand, Gold Silver Cup as people’s reputation. Henan market in full swing it is a litmus test, testing the various civilian PV brand value. Residential photovoltaic market at present is still at stage of enlightenment, which brand to pick winning a silver in the Central Plains, to take control of residential photovoltaic market in Henan say, let, and observation.

Henan luohe 10KW household photovoltaic roof power station

Tangyin in Henan province’s first roof 4KW photovoltaic power generation project

Gymnasium 116KWp in Hebi BIPV demonstration projects

First Whirligig 3KW residential PV demonstration project

Original title: “news watch”: Henan commercial PV chernical?

TBEA: built in Inner Mongolia and other places more than 1200MW photovoltaic power plant

Polaris solar PV net news: TBEA announced today, the company recently signed a strategic cooperation agreement with multiple local governments, will be built in Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang and other places more than a 1000MW of wind and PV power of 1200MW.

August 27, company holding company special variable electrician Xinjiang new Energy Corporation (following referred to new energy company) and in Inner Mongolia ALXA League Administrative Office signed has mengxitenggeli clean energy base framework agreement, new energy company intends in in Inner Mongolia ALXA League construction cast West clean energy base 1000MW wind electric project, and 1000MW solar PV station project and the supporting engineering, which, a period construction 100MW wind electric, and 100MW solar PV station project.

August 31, new energy company and Xinjiang production and construction Corps 13 Division Willow Springs farm State assets operating limited signed has Xinjiang production and construction Corps 13 Division grid PV power project strategy cooperation agreement, and Awat County Government signed has Awat County three period 40 MW PV grid power project investment cooperation agreement; new energy company intends in Willow Springs farm construction 100MW grid PV power project, in Awat County construction 40MW grid PV power project.

On September 1, the new company and the people’s Government of qinghe County signed the clean energy project expressions of interest, new energy company in qinghe County, 49.5MW wind power project and 30MW photovoltaic project; new energy company subsidiary of Sun City and Shenmu County people’s Government signed a strategic cooperation agreement, Shenmu oeration company intends to build a 200MW solar power projects.

Original title: TBEA: will build more than a 1000MW of wind farms in Inner Mongolia and other places and 1200MW the PV power station

Solar wars the United States winners and losers

Polaris solar PV net news: the end of the tunnel the light sometimes comes from the Sun, sometimes from an oncoming train. In July, the United States Department of Commerce (DepartmentofCommerce) that will come from Taiwan and mainland China Solar Panel manufacturers to impose punitive tariffs, because they are in the United States market. These tariffs should slow down the painful fall in solar panel prices-the prices have fallen by half since 2011. Some manufacturers will suffer, some will usher in a boom.

Prior to 2012, the United States also levy punitive tariffs. But Chinese manufacturers took advantage of a loophole of the trade decision, via Taiwan manufacturers to the United States exports. In this way, China’s excess capacity continues to put pressure on prices. Then, last year, China retaliates, United States Solar Silicon producer to implement anti-dumping countervailing duties. Companies involved in the dispute will be the losers: they include exports to the United States, Taiwan and mainland China Solar Panel manufacturers, such as Yingli Green Energy (YingliGreenEnergy), as well as Chinese solar panel customer-dependent United States silicon manufacturers. But China and Taiwan other than the solar panel maker will be the winner.

One winner was Norway’s REC Solar, the company’s Singapore manufacturing solar panels. After several years of painstaking effort (had divested its during REC Silicon material production sector), its future seems bright. REC Solar can enter the United States, the world’s third-largest photovoltaic market, because United States panels installed the enterprise will be looking for a new supplier. This year, REC Solar with three new United States contract customers, including SolarCity. REC Solar, will soon sign a contract with more companies. And on the other hand, REC Silicon may suffer over time, because the company was still in United States production of Solar Silicon products to Chinese customers.

REC Solar volume represent the proportion of all shipments of hair may grow from 7% now 1 time. The company estimates that, from 2013 to 2016, and United States market demand will average annual growth of 27%.

REC Solar, the obvious risk is that the United States end the trade war. REC Solar shares little change so far this year, underperforming Norway OBX index points, reflects this concern. Armistice Agreement but will take time. Meanwhile, REC Solar United States orders increased United States price might stabilize–REC Solar panels is revitalizing its operations.

Original title: beauty of PV in winners and losers

Hareon losses in profit of 5.32 million with EPC business

Polaris solar PV net news: has relied on the parent company, Jiangsu sunshine tonic hareon, finally achieving profitability on their own in the first half of this year. On August 30, according to a semi-annual hareon, company revenues 3.323 billion yuan during the period, an increase of 61.31%; net income of 5.32 million.

Reporters noted, hareon 5 photovoltaic project cooperation agreement has been signed, protocols installed capacity reached 3.85GW, 38.759 billion up to the total amount of the agreement.

Profit for first half

Hareon 2014 interim report shows that company revenues 3.323 billion yuan during the period, an increase of 61.31%; belong to 5.32 million yuan in net profit, compared with 58.54 million loss in the first quarter of this year and a loss of 255 million profit in the same period last year.

The first half, hareon solar cell business income of 323 million Yuan, the gross margin of 8.08%; construction of 695 million dollars in operating income, gross profit 24.13%; components operating income was 1.96 billion dollars, gross margin of 9.99%; generating revenue operating income of 158 million dollars, gross margin of 53.57%.

Profit for the first half, hareon think the main reason is the EPC business development. First half of the year, the company distributed projects positively the layout home in Southeast coastal regions gradually established a number of distributed projects company, while fully opening up the domestic market and in Africa, Australia, and India, and Japan, the Middle East and other emerging markets, complete component sales in the first half of 543MW.

Worth noting is that although hareon solar operates worldwide, but not yet to bring real economic benefits. In 2013, hareon belonging for a loss of 203 million yuan in net profit, down 9859.39%.

Data show that when in 2011 hareon backdoor ST Shannon, the major shareholders of the company at that time 2011-2013 in Jiangsu sunshine forecast net profit of 499 million dollars, 510 million Yuan and 529 million dollars, respectively, if net profit for that year do not reach the target, the shortfall will be supplemented by the sunshine group. Over the past 3 years, hareon business losses, but with sunshine, to eke out its performance.

5 Grand total installed capacity up to 3.85GW

Reporters noted, hareon continuous recently released 5 expanding cooperation PV capacity agreements, suihua city, Hebei Chicheng 100MW distributed PV power generation projects, including a 500MW solar power generation projects, and India Nereus 150MW of photovoltaic projects, in cooperation with Turkey a credit services organization TKKB 2.5GW PV power generation projects, in cooperation with Switzerland TRITEC 600MW of photovoltaic projects for cooperation. It’s installed capacity reached 3.85GW 5 cooperation agreements, with a total investment amount of 38.759 billion yuan. Worth noting is that in 2013 total PV installed capacity of 10GW.

Such a big investment, hareon funding come from? In this regard, hareon August 25 revealed that Bank of China Suzhou branch and Bank of communication Suzhou branch, respectively the company has given 10 billion dollars in loan commitments.

“20 billion dollars in loan commitments is the hareon carried out a large-scale expansion of production capacity of bravado, but with such a huge bank loans, greater risk of PV power capacity expansion, photovoltaic power plant, after all, what future prospects, are impossible to accurately predict. “Photovoltaic industry expert Zhao Yuwen, told reporters.

Meanwhile, reporters noted, hareon current asset-liability ratio increased, 2011-2013, company assets and liabilities respectively, and 69.11% and 80.46%. However, hareon prior to approval of the China Securities Regulatory Commission closed applications to issue no more than 493 million shares. According to previous announcement, hareon plans to raise money through the issuance of not exceeding a total of 3.802 billion yuan.

Original title: hareon losses in profit of 5.32 million with EPC business

Yunnan’s largest single photovoltaic power plant bidding shady lot tracking

Polaris solar PV net news: August 18, Tiger financial exclusive first reported China’s single largest terrestrial photovoltaic power plant bids “suspicious” tufted, Trina Yingli, who will win? , Disclosed for the first time the photovoltaic industry giant is the biggest concern of the PV power plant project bidding process and reveals the process by clusters of “heavy black curtain”. The first financial, securities times and other media follow up reports, and the Yunnan provincial development and Reform Commission to conduct an interview, results contradictory, evasive. From currently parties of track reported and survey view, the PV project of bid at least exists several cannot avoided of problem: 1. the project may no after NDRC of agreed that in Exchange secretly operation, against has because previously Yunnan baiyao event and established of case principles, “State equity transfer needed by full sector approval, without full sector approval of State equity transfer are invalid”; 2. the bid process in the on bid enterprise of provides is demanding, even currently days collection, and British Lee two home PV giant are may unmanned method meet exchange of conditions, this means with, this times bid may is a “interlude”, real of meaning unmanned knows; 3. This times transfer “flagging” price is market of near 3 times times, makes industry persons shocked, and this almost more deep of reaction has PV industry of “approval value”, but approval whether the has market pricing such of origin problem is is by ignored.

From the tendering procedure all opaque, to the “flagging” cost a catch is higher than the market price, and won’t be able to see the light of the tangle of interests, all kinds of incredible details were giving Yunnan’s largest single photovoltaic power station bidding of moral integrity.

Although the transfer of State-owned assets in the process of black-box operations are no longer news, but “300MW PV in Jianshui County, Yunnan province,” bidding mode of operation has many shady. This is not only a possible transfer of a specific point; or do not exist “played games”.

A repeat drug cloud?

Recently, “300MW PV in Jianshui County, Yunnan province,” bidding will be the solar circle on its head on a grand scale, sharpen the PV mixer head wants to elbow its way into this project tries to get a piece of the action. It is reported that the above tender attracted the attention of two photovoltaic giants, namely the domestic photovoltaic industry leading Trina solar and Yingli Green energy.

However, the project was suspicious clumps in the bidding process, Tiger financial August 18, exclusive reports from the three doubtful points in the bidding process of the project: transfer of Yunnan metallurgy energy GmbH (hereinafter referred to as the clouds ye renewable energy) submitted incomplete information exchange; bids the suspect targeted settings; “flagging” cost puzzling details such as bizarre is higher than the market price.

Report upon the issue of PV market immediately attracted widespread attention, the mainstream media coverage followed, found that in addition to the above points, and tender procedures there is a larger question – the clouds ye new energy transfer without consent of the Yunnan provincial development and Reform Commission approved.

Statistics show that Yun Ye new energy is the “300MW PV in Jianshui County, Yunnan province,” the project company, the project is in the Honghe Prefecture, Yunnan province Jianshui County nanzhuang, company has a registered capital of 100 million Yuan, the paid-up capital of 20 million Yuan, the company operating range of photovoltaic power generation and energy-saving development, investment and technological development in the field of the company employs 14 people.

According to cloud development and reform energy “2013” No. 2074 on nanzhuang approval document approved by the on-grid PV power station in Jianshui County, Yunnan province, approved on December 23, 2013, approved construction of the 300-megawatt photovoltaic power plant project, the project company for the rule of the new energy and investment cost of about 2.77 billion dollars, documents for a limited period of two years.

Well worth mentioning is that the sixth, rule provides: “without consent of the project approval authorities, the project legal person may not transfer, auction items or otherwise change the proportion of investors and investment. ”

After being approved by the national development and Reform Commission approved more than half a year, Yunnan metallurgy group choose to transfer, the clouds ye 90% stake in renewable energy and, in effect, introduction to transfer “300MW PV in Jianshui County, Yunnan province”.

However, the bidding information published in Yunnan property rights Exchange, the company only provides a simple audit report, the Commission [Twitter] application form and evaluation reports, and not approved by the national development and Reform Commission agreed to transfer files.

Interviews were conducted with media of Yunnan provincial development and Reform Commission, two staff members are given the opposite response. One staff member said the NDRC would not interfere with corporate actions, must be approved by the local government, while at the national development and Reform Commission for the record.

Another staff member said, since the reply explicitly requested the transfer, subject to approval by the Department, Yun Ye new energy for the share transfer must go through development and Reform Commission agreed to in principle. The staff member added, this project ought to be informed by the Truth Commission, estimated to be orally informed leadership and the national development and Reform Commission here in advance.

This means that Yun Ye new energy there may be loopholes in the transfer of shares in a competitive bidding process, if the transfer had not agreed to by the national development and Reform Commission, then this transaction is “desperate”, either the transferor or transferee is a huge risk.

Yunnan baiyao ownership dispute and a series of earlier cases, the Supreme People’s Court embodies a fundamental principle, namely, “State-owned equity transfer are subject to sector-wide approval, without the approval of the State-owned share transfer shall be null and void.”

The coincidence is that “medicine” and the PV power station in Yunnan province in Yunnan. Yunnan Provincial Government has put an end to the “manipulation of individual departments, and caused the loss of State assets and other related events taking place”, but the largest single photovoltaic power plant in Yunnan province on the bid, “medicine” may be repeated.

“Flagging” resale business

Price analysis, the project aims to build a 300MW PV, 90% per cent stake if calculated according to the listing price of 146.5 million, “flagging” cost of about 0.55 Yuan per watt. But under normal circumstances, “flagging” is 0.2-0.3/watt. This means that even by the lowest bidder, “flagging” the cost is much higher than the market price.

It is reported that “flagging” market in the photovoltaic industry is quite advanced, PV investors obtain “flagging” process: planning for PV power plant project, exploration work, followed by docking with the local government, winning project land, and received on the preliminary permit grid access, and finally got the preliminary project work from the local development and Reform Commission of “flagging”.

Under normal conditions, the “flagging” is 0.2-0.3 Yuan per watt, this tender “flagging” cost of about 0.55 Yuan/w, close to the market value of 3 times. According to the announcement, mark 90% the listing price of the shares of the company was 74.715 million (45.9% shares) + 58.6 million (36% shares), +1318.5 (8.1% shares) = 146.5 million.

While buying “flagging” potential photovoltaic power plant investment rules, but the transfer of “flagging” 3 times times the price closer to the market price, or let the market was a bit shocked. “Flagging” prices are so high, businesses in droves. Market participants said the 146.5 million-dollar listing price was in large part are considered ‘ flagging ‘ of opportunity cost, because it contains a hidden value, high prices are bearable.

Because of “flagging” is to determine death’s first line permits for the project and, therefore, run “flagging” became the priority of projects, in order to get the “flagging” even bribery, leads to an underground gray value chain.

Industry sources, about 1GW of scale by “flagging” transfers can be derived out of the 2.4 billion-dollar commissions market, which will undoubtedly increase the cost of photovoltaic companies. In fact, the country had clean shots, but lucrative, information on “flagging” has not stopped.

Yun Ye new sources of “flagging” belonging to the administrative examination and approval procedures are fully completed immediately after the development and construction of “the road”, investment value is large, the transfer of nominal transfer of company shares, but the actual “flagging” transfers can be so much higher than the market price, it is inevitable to the imagination.

In fact, in lengthy approval chains each link there is a “rent-seeking” conditions, relevant departments have been brewing cancel PV “flagging”. October 2013, the media reported that the NDRC was in accordance with the deployment of a new round of institutional reform of the State Council, amend the list of Government-approved investment projects, approved by the new approach, as a pre-condition of project approval, businesses and local governments for a long time suffered from bitter “flagging” approval and is expected to be canceled, however, after which no further details.

“Superficial” assessment report

In addition to the series of strange events, this stock right transfer of assets appraisal reports there were flaws.

Assessment report showed that Yun Ye new energy was founded in March 25, 2013, the paid-up capital of 100 million Yuan, for 2013-net assets of 20 million Yuan, in accordance with the basic law after the assessment of the net assessed value of 19.9977 million Yuan, according to the income approach the appraisal amount to 134 million Yuan. Announcement according to equity exchange, the listing price in the light of the transfer of income approach ultimately to 146.5 million dollars.

Worth noting is that asset based method set out in the detailed assessment has dozens of pages, and the income approach, only one sentence conclusion, there is no evaluation process.

At the end of the report “hearsay evidence” said the photovoltaic industry is a key national policies to support the industry, its (stake) in value reflected in the completion of the future benefits of income results reflects the company’s shareholders ‘ equity value of law.

According to the securities times reported, one industry source said that whatever the asset evaluation report is generally applied in the underlying approach, income approach, market approach two or three ways to undertake detailed analysis of, in particular, assess the value of the final choice will be a detailed comparison.

Not only that, the equity exchange provides even, eventually winning bidder must bid on signed a contract on the spot, so much the subject matter of the bidding does not give enterprises leeway time unless prior talk or who dared to offer.

Although the winning results are not yet public, appears to have caused a stir.

The latest situation was even more saddened, as of August 28, find Tiger financial news, published July 16, 2014 in exchange of Yunnan “listing bulletin” column in the clouds ye new energy stock right transferring announcement becomes extinct, whether publicity has already been removed, or any other reason is not known, finance will continue to track the Tiger.

Original title: the largest single photovoltaic power plant bidding shady lot tracking

Polaris solar network on August 29, news review

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar PV net news August 29, first look at flowers from 50 billion PV project in Ningxia people voted in ambition, salted fish in PV industry further, hareon borrowed so much crazy expansion, as follows:

First look at flowers from 50 billion PV project in Ningxia people’s investment ambitions

Salted fish in PV industry

Hareon borrowed so much crazy expansion

*ST Suri: through the auction disposed of Luoyang subsidiaries equity

GCL-200% polysilicon giant first-half net profit rose more than a strong recovery

Wealthy new energy vision–Buffett VS Bill Gates

Beijing Express first half earnings to grow by more than twice times the silicon chip business is much better

Zhongmin construction in Ningxia 3GW-5GW PV project voted three years hundreds of billions to achieve

80 demonstration project progress report: 30 20 has introduced social capital has been granted

Hefei PV chaos: “marry” is born out of the roof “Doll”

Xue Liming: solar thermal power generation is a powerful investment

Shunfeng photovoltaic medium-term profitability Biao Sheng 6 times to 2.95 billion yuan in revenue

GCL 81.9 million oversubscribed Yokoyama crystalline solar 91% equity