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Three GB solar thermal mirrors completed the draft for review

Polaris solar PV net news: on January 29, 2015, the deliberations on three national standards for solar-thermal power mirror will be held in Beijing, at the same time also held the solar thermal glass mirror-test method for the launch of a new national standard.

These three standards prepared by the building materials inspection and Certification Group Corporation of China to take the lead, including the solar glass: mirror glass product standards, the solar-thermal power test method for reflectance of mirror glass and the glass for solar-thermal power mirror test methods test method for hail impact resistance of two standards.

Will be considered by China building materials inspection and certification company limited auspices of glass xiaopengjun, Deputy Director, national standardization administration of China, the China building materials Federation and national technical Committee of standardization of industrial glass and special glass relevant leaders attended and delivered a speech.

Photo: Conference site

Including Wuhan solar technology co, Hai Duong in energy group company limited, Beijing sunshine Technology Co Ltd, Dalian, Asahi Glass Ltd, Rioglass, Zhejiang Daming glass limited, Taiwan glass yueda mirror panels limited, such as the number of mirrors and related manufacturers representatives participated in the hearing. China Guangdong Nuclear solar energy development, China Power Investment Corporation and other project developers representatives also participated in the review and from a consumer perspective for standards put forward their comments and suggestions, so that these standards was enacted to take into account the actual needs of customers more, the applicability and feasibility of raising standards.

The three mirrors standard compilation work officially started on December 14, 2012, after two years of preparation, revision and perfection of this meeting was the last three criteria before the formal approval of this focus, it also means that the threshold three criteria and approval procedures.

The solar thermal glass reflector-standard test methods are designed to further improve the standard of solar thermal mirrors series, standardize the order of mirrors, carried out according to the requirements of the national standardization Management Commission. Reflector which is a solar thermal mirror concentrating the most important indicator of the standards will fill a major gap, especially on parabolic trough solar thermal mirrors are significant.

Photo: a group photo of participants

China building materials inspection and certification company glass Xiaopeng, Deputy Director of the Group army told the CSPPLAZA press here: “three mirror standards under consideration today is expected before the end of 2015 is expected to be formally released by the national standardization Management Commission, officially implemented starting in 2016. And photothermal reflection in the glass of the mirror-test method of this standard is expected in August this year will complete the draft, considered early 2016, by 2016 is expected to be formally released. ”

Mirrors as solar thermal project to develop one of the core products, relevant standards will help regulate and guide mirror the orderly development of the market, encourage the application and promotion of intellectual property products.

Development of solar thermal market in China is moving forward, but the lack of standards would slow pace of development of the industry and lead to disorderly competition because of the lack of standards in the market, reflector standards photothermal industry developed with reference to other standards of, solar-thermal industry should take warning from this, as soon as possible to promote other related standards and establish and improve.

Original title: three GB solar thermal mirrors completed the draft for review

Li Hejun’s richest person, Forbes said,

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, “beyond the MA has become the richest man” makes the name Li Hejun in major media, micro-circles brushes Panel. Its Hong Kong-listed Chinese films the generation of companies worth more than 150 billion yuan. The news that, combined with Sino-hydro and other assets worth more than 200 billion yuan, become the richest man in mainland China. However, this statistic is a solid, reliable, has yet to prove whether its worth more than Ma also needs to be a more accurate statistics.

China richest man easy main topic in global also is fire, outside media also followed cou has many lively, FT and Han can in recently on staged has one “love hate love revenge”, first earlier this month views Li Hejun signature articles, discussion can renewable energy and the China Development, on Li Hejun views big plus appreciates; then in 28th, and published articles, serious suspected its company operation… What is right or wrong, spectators will judge.

Just this morning, another old-line fortune, Forbes or spoken comments, published an article in the Chinese investors bearish questioned CEO promises to be more third-party deals, perhaps more reasonable value for investors. Here’s what Forbes Magazine Editor, RussellFlannery compiles the contents of the article:

Han Chinese films the generation Group of financial investors bearish reports yesterday questioned whether the company and the parent company of the “unorthodox approach”, in particular sales contacts between them. A day after, solo film shares rose 1.1%, and since November, its share price has turned more than 1 time.

I emailed today discussed with Hina, Chief Executive of film FrankDai shares rose sharply, non-affiliated or third party transactions, Chinese and overseas acquisitions and other issues such as the future business prospects. Li Hejun, Chairman of Chinese billionaires in last October’s Forbes mainland China rich list ranked fifth.

Q: your company’s stock rose more than 1 time since November last year, caused a lot of speculation. Do you think the reason behind it?

Answer: since November 17 Tong and Shanghai since it opened last year, mainland investors for shares in Chinese films the generation have shown keen interest. Of course, we cannot fully analyze the reasons for stock prices since November and more than double, but we estimate that Shanghai and Hong Kong Tong is one of the important reasons.

In addition, the policy environment to support renewable energy in China, issued the ambitious goals for solar power. National Energy Board planned this year, China’s total installed capacity of solar photovoltaic power generation will reach 15 GW, distributed PV accounted for 7 gigawatts, of which at least 3.15 GW will be installed on the roof of the building. We believe that many investors will take into account these positive policies plus because it 7 gigawatts of distributed marketing is our company’s strengths. Hina is very willing to change the energy use patterns in China and contribute to the world, investors made a positive response.

Finally, who is committed to clean energy’s roots can be traced back to 1994, we in hydropower, wind power, and now the success of thin-film solar power generation, and in the process has accumulated abundant capital and deep resources and technological advantages, we have the world’s best thin-film solar power generation technology, which helps to have strong investor confidence.

Q: Hina how third-party business Outlook for this year? Sales totaled how much market share it you want?

Answer: we have issued a trading statement on December 24 last year, Han can sell to a third party Fund five photovoltaic power station with a total capacity of 180 MW. The company will receive about 777.6 million yuan in net profit, the 2014-profits make a significant contribution to the company.

We believe this year’s Chinese film is very optimistic about the prospects of the third party business. Companies will continue to intensify its efforts to expand global markets and raw materials, from downstream third-party clients to explore new sources of income.

Q: about your enterprise from acquisitions in Europe and America, how is your technology integrate?

Answer: technology integration for Solibro,Miasole,GlobalSolarEnergy and AltaDevices is satisfactory. Who constantly strive to leverage our unique core advantage, synergies in human and technical resources, consolidating Hina the world leader in thin-film solar position in the world.

Q: who next plans for overseas mergers and acquisitions?

Answer: “hi-tech + energy” is a basic characteristic of flexible thin film solar power generation industry. We firmly believe that the thin film solar power generation industry’s future is decided by the technology. So, who will always strive to stand at the forefront of technology. Through mergers and acquisitions, we have access to the leading supplier of CIGS and GaAs thin film technology, and continued efforts to optimize these technologies, and their mass production. Our commitment to technology leadership means that we keep an open attitude of mergers and acquisitions in future, if we believe that an especially promising, it will be considered objective.

Original title: Li Hejun’s richest person, Forbes said,

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United States “double reverse” PV export do?

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, the United States International Trade Commission announce the finding on China’s photovoltaic products to United States solar damage, according to the results of this and previous Commerce Department photovoltaic products to China’s anti-dumping, anti-subsidy investigation results, the United States will be taxed again on Chinese products. United States second “double reverse” already, plus Japan PV market momentum is weak, did not reach the expected growth in other emerging overseas markets, photovoltaic products in China are facing extremely severe export situation.

Main export market faces an uncertain future

At present, China’s photovoltaic products for the export market has initially formed a diversified structure, but the export situation remains precarious, and there is a big risk.


Chinese Photovoltaic Industry Association, recently sponsored “–2014 year in review of PV industry development and investment analysis and Vision 2015″ seminar, Vice Secretary of China machinery and electronic products import and export Chamber of Commerce Sun Guangbin shared the latest PV products import and export statistics, PV trade disputes and to analyze the impact of PV industry in China. Facing rigid trade barriers in 2013 photovoltaic products exports fell nearly 18% on the basis of 2014 for bottoming in January-November, exports rose by almost 16%, to 13.1 billion dollars. Among them, the Japan market grew 67%, reaching us $ 4.5 billion, 33% per cent of total exports; United States market grew by 35%, to 2.1 billion dollars, 16% per cent of total exports; European market contracted 30%, less than $ 2.5 billion, shares 18.75% per cent.

Sun Guangbin, relative to the situation have single dependent on the European market, at present China’s photovoltaic products for the export market has initially formed a diversified structure, but the export situation remains unstable, and there is a big risk. In addition to United States second “double reverse”, the India of China’s photovoltaic products of “double reverse” investigation is in progress, Australia May launch anti-dumping investigations in the past year, Canada was launched in December last year “double reverse” investigation.

To occupy our PV exports half of the country’s rapid growth by Japan and the United States market, Sadie think tank e-Wang Shijiang, Deputy Director of the Institute of information industry, told reporters that Japan PV market explosion and United States PV “double reverse” measures before the implementation of snatched the pulling effect is one of the major factors driving the PV market growth in demand. But the United States in late 2014, launched against the export of China’s photovoltaic products “double reverse” final rate, the combined taxes to the 76.5%~203.76%, and now United States Trade Commission has made affirmative final, if not settled, PV industry in our country will lose United States markets. Japan market, while an outbreak, but due to high subsidies and photovoltaic power to dissolve the problem, and cuts in subsidies because of the limited financial resources of the Government at any time, in fact, the now outgoing Japan grid no longer accept messages on-grid applications.

Although a shrinking but still holds 20% shares of the European market, said Wang Shijiang, the European market on China’s measures to limit limit not only makes our PV products less competitive in the European market, and “double reverse” initiator is still encouraged EU foreign trade departments for Chinese enterprises to implement more stringent trade sanctions.

In addition, part of photovoltaic products in China’s exports to Europe transit Japan, and Malaysia, and other places, according to sources in Europe is intended to intensify its investigations of such circumvention if, China’s exports to Europe more optimistic. Combined with other emerging market financing, the impact of factors such as political and policy stability, not rising quickly. Grim export situation will bring challenges to PV product exports.

Improve the “going out” competition

Photovoltaic exporters more than 421, from the perspective of promoting industry healthy and sustainable development, this number should be controlled at less than 50 is appropriate.

The iron itself must be hard. “To improve the Chinese PV companies ‘ going out ‘ competitiveness, we must first maintain advanced technology, equipment and management. “Sun Guangbin,” said Southeast Asia manufacturing costs have been lower than the country’s present, relying solely on the price advantage of the enterprises are going to last for years. ”

Global arrangement has become Chinese PV companies to avoid “double reverse” an important means. Yingli in the Thailand plant, layout of solar Canada, Suntech in United States, apt in South Africa, and China sunergy in Turkey, Comtec in Malaysia … … Talk about successful cases of domestic enterprises off the layout and Wang Shijiang items. “As the situation was forced by global arrangement of PV industry in China will become a trend in the near future. “He thinks.

But neither build factories overseas, or building power plants, due to the uncertainties associated with political, security, taxes, etc, there is a great degree of difficulty and risk. Sun Guangbin proposals may wish to give priority to Cambodia Sihanouk special economic zone, Thai-Chinese Rayong industrial park, Viet Nam Dragon River industrial park and other 13 bilateral protection and support of the Government’s overseas economic and trade cooperation zones in order to reduce the risk, for additional support.

But more than just corporate job, authorities and industry organizations what concrete measures will be introduced in the near future? “To improve the Chinese PV companies ‘ going out ‘ competition, there is an urgent need to improve industry concentration. “Sun Guangbin, said,” the current PV number of export enterprises up to 421, while from the perspective of promoting industry healthy and sustainable development, this number should be controlled at less than 50 is appropriate. ”

He also disclosed that the United States a second “double”, we are actively to seek the price undertakings reached a settlement, “no more than 50 or even 30 exporting companies” concept is very likely to be reflected in the outcome of the negotiations with the United States.

“Just think, if such a loss of export market share from 30 to 50 companies, which days will be that much easier. “He said,” and how to choose a good product and enterprise, strict adherence to compliance with Ministry of the PV manufacturing industry conditions and other documents. “Of course not to say that there is no way out for SMEs, he adds, Foundry for large enterprises can also be alive and well.

Both can PV “double reverse” price commitments entered into the settlement of the situation, Sun Guangbin thought Outlook was positive. “The view was expressed that, price commitments that we and the European Union suffer, loss of a portion of the European market. But you know, we avoid 47% high ‘ double ‘ duty, always better to make some concessions to crop failure. “Sun Guangbin stressed that” United States PV market has great potential and is very likely to become the largest single country market, so we will never give up. ”

Despite the difficulties, Sun Guangbin continues to believe that the 2015 PV product exports will continue to grow steadily, and not less than 15 billion dollars in exports.

Original title: United States “double reverse” PV export do?

Li Hejun PV ambitions

Polaris solar PV net news: in the field of thin-film photovoltaic solar energy, he and Li Hejun hanergy holding Group (hereinafter the “Han”) has almost become synonymous with the emerging industry.

In 1994, when creating a Han Li Hejun, it is just a clean energy-focused private equity investment company. Later, Li Hejun investment in hydropower station dig into the huge amounts of money. This area laid the Foundation for its March 2009 in a film.

After having entered the field of thin-film photovoltaic, he and Li Hejun who in just two years to build the 9 major PV base. By the beginning of 2013, announced Li Hejun, thin-film photovoltaic total capacity up to 3GW of Hina.

To build a base at the same time, Li Hejun, through mergers and acquisitions, technology was completed in the quickest manner. The past two years, who have bought Germany Solibro, and United States companies with thin-film cutting-edge technology such as MiaSol é.

Water started

In fact, who is from hydropower stations and fortune. In 1991, Li Hejun, from one of his teachers at the University borrowed 50,000 yuan began to jump into startup.

Then, like many businessmen in China at that time, Li Hejun “does nothing”, from the railway transport, mining, FRY real estate, selling toys, selling mineral water. By the end of 1994, he has accumulated 7, capital of 80 million Yuan.

After the completion of the primitive accumulation, Li Hejun began to consider the next phase of development. At the suggestion of an old classmate, Li Hejun decided to buy hydroelectric power station.

Since then, Li Hejun began looking for hydropower resources in the country. His first power station built in his hometown of Heyuan – last initial installed capacity of 1500-kilowatt of small hydropower station of Dongjiang River, spent more than 10 million Yuan.

Last century 90 ‘s era coincided with development of small hydropower stations in China. Less than 10 years, tens of thousands of small hydropower stations built on the rivers across the country, most of which are privately-owned hydroelectric power. There is no doubt that Li Hejun jumped at the opportunity.

Acquired after the first power station, Li Hejun also bought several hydropower stations, from jiwanqian Watts to hundreds of thousands of megawatts of installed capacity. But it truly was touched by Li Hejun is a study in 2002 in Yunnan.

After the visit, Li Hejun decided to bet on the jinsha River hydropower station, Yunnan province signed 6 of 8 hydroelectric, total installed capacity of 2, 300duowanqianwa, more than the three gorges hydropower station.

Hina finally got on the jinsha River, “a grade” one of the best resources in hydropower, that is 3 million-kilowatt of the total installed capacity of jinanqiao hydropower station.

8 years since then, Li Hejun almost all the energy spent on jinanqiao hydropower station, a total investment of over 20 billion yuan. In March 2011, the 2.4 million-kilowatt unit one of jinanqiao hydropower station power generation.

Success of jinanqiao hydropower station power generation also means that Chinese will have a steady flow of funds in the future. At present, the group total over 6 GW of installed capacity of hydro-electric projects and interests.

Introduction of the Han dynasty, Jin an Qiao hydroelectric power station net cash flow of more than 10 million Yuan a day, “if we go at a lot of 20,000 yuan per kW of installed capacity of hydropower stations to count, 60 billion yuan worth of jinanqiao hydropower station. ”

Tree of jinanqiao “milch cows” that made Li Hejun emboldened in the film road to development.

Deep films

After completing jinanqiao this million-kilowatt hydropower station, Li Hejun started thinking about who the next direction.

In fact, in the beginning, Li Hejun expectaions of PV. In 2006, when solar power cost about 3 dollars per unit.

In his view, photovoltaic power generation costs are so high and not competitive. In addition, according to some forecasts, photovoltaic electricity cost from 3 down to 1 Yuan, about 30 years; from 1 Yuan to 0.5 Yuan, needs for 50 years.

But in reality Li Hejun later changed their minds. From 2006 to 2009, only 3 years, photovoltaic electricity costs were reduced from 3 to 1.

In formal before entering the PV field, Li Hejun also tried to enter the field of wind energy. Up to now, Chinese experts also have a total installed capacity of 131 MW of wind power.

But industry not only has to compete for the good wind resources of wind power plants, also face the challenge of desert wind power, may be facing a loss at any time.

Eventually, Li Hejun decided to focus on the PV. But what’s surprising is, Li Hejun, and no access to technology, markets are more mature silicon technology, but higher technical difficulty and need more on thin-film technology.

In 2009, this is considered the Chinese year of transformation and upgrading. At that time, Li Hejun throws a huge development projects, namely two years launched 2GW thin film production, first in the world.

At that time, is unique in the field of photovoltaic film gains global United States first solar (FirstSolar), just reaching 1GW capacity and has developed more than 10 years.

Since then, Li Hejun every publicly will vigorously promote the thin-film technology. Li Hejun’s rhetoric, as he ushered in a lot of controversy.

However, Li Hejun didn’t care about these questions. Hina in the ensuing two years, successfully layout of 9 major PV manufacturing base, each base of the initial design capacity of 250MW.

In addition to building base, Li Hejun is also working to improve the industry chain, from upstream of photovoltaic cells and modules production line equipment, to the middle cell, module production and application of downstream PV products.

In 2011, the Li Hejun, working through the capital market became thin film silicon solar manufacturers listed in Hong Kong Platinum solar energy (HK00566), the actual control, and straight into the upstream equipment manufacturing. In October this year, the company officially changed its name to “Chinese film generation” Hina explanation for this, “said Hina film generation” to better reflect the company’s focus on thin-film technology, fully reflect the company’s current and future business development. As of December of this year, Chinese films the generation value above HK $ billions as the world’s top PV companies by market capitalisation.

Who has this year met with IKEA, Tesla, Formula-E, Aston Martin, beautiful home in different enterprises in the field of cross-border cooperation, flexible thin-film technology applied in cars, tents, backpacks, cell phones, or even on the clothes, so that film really into millions of households.

At the same time improve the industrial chain, Li Hejun, through continuous acquisitions strengthen who’s technical accumulation. In the last two years, who has acquired four foreign companies.

This four home company respectively is Germany of suoliboer company (Solibro), and United States of Mir by Le company (MiaSol é) and global Sun energy company (GlobalSolarEnergy), they of common features is has film field most hot of Copper Indium Gallium se technology (CIGS), also also has focused Yu efficient arsenic of gallium (GaAs) flexible film power technology of United States o, tower equipment company (AltaDevices), in past two years, The company named world’s oldest technology business magazine, MITTechnologyReview (Massachusetts Institute of technology) “the world’s most disruptive innovations” award.

The next step, Li Hejun’s goal is to build a gigawatt level localization of production of Copper-Indium-Gallium-selenium product line, while the long-term goal is that by 2020 to build 2 Fortune 500 companies.

For this goal, is still questioning continued. But among the many voices of doubt, he and Li Hejun who has been in the field of thin-film photovoltaic deep.

Original title: Han Li Hejun PV ambitions

Lu title: polycrystalline silicon “left is King”

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, the Association Announces 2014 China poly silicon production of 132,000 tons, more than 57% from the year provide 27 gigawatts of photovoltaic cell production for China raw materials. Should be a record. China’s polysilicon production exceeded 100,000 tons for the first time, entered the era of 200,000 tons in advance.

Industry Association statistics 2014 China polysilicon production 132,000 tons, from poly Association Xin, several enterprise of capacity played see, breakthrough 130,000 tons is may of, but also should see, fourth quarter polysilicon assault imports, caused domestic enterprise sales not Chang, except poly Association Xin itself wafer enterprise can digest, other enterprise of inventory is not low of, some enterprise has has two months production of inventory, normal situation Xia should is a two weeks production of inventory.

Association had 18 companies in production, also said 16, it is not important, important is the top 4 companies produces more than 100,000 tons, accounts for as much as 75%. Liangjiawan tons of enterprise is basically overfulfilling can play another five homes around 5000 tons full load, but loads of other enterprises is not high, some companies already in the fourth quarter, lower the load, and also enterprises to stop production and repair, there is a business resumption late, only a portion of the device, there should be hundreds of tonnes.

Sales are sluggish stocks higher on the one hand, on the other hand is a thousand-ton production line efficiency is not high, even though there are 5000 tons of production capacity, production costs are not low, prices slump would not be profitable in the second half, individual small amounts for personal use can stick to the short term, but long term, upside down production costs and prices is difficult to maintain production.

Customs data have been released in 2014 of 102,000 tons of polysilicon, than 24.4% per cent. Also hit a record high. 85.2% imported polysilicon from Germany WACKER and the United States HEMOLOCK and the REC, and Korea OCI, and Korea Silicon four companies in three countries. In Europe and the United States in crystalline silicon PV manufacturing industry had collapsed after 2009, its huge polysilicon capacity is mainly dependent on the Chinese market. Together with the Chinese PV industry a few years ago and then signed long term polysilicon giant has not fulfilled the end, the Chinese Government at the beginning of the reformation in order to encourage export and processing trade policies conducive to poly-silicon imported, resulting in polycrystalline silicon imports are still high, to a large extent the domestic production of the play.

2014 polysilicon to processing trade way imports up to 72%, main is processing trade way not needs paid tariff, clearance also convenience, and around Executive policy is pine, can from United States Germany Korea purchased into polysilicon, but processing Hou of PV products can completely not began these national, more not needs began to provides incoming of enterprise, China PV products main to has Japan, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia other national, policy pine to as long as abroad door on can, don’t access corresponds to, some through near national turned a circle on can Because these enterprises imported polysilicon for the material, not in order to make the processing fee.

There is also a way to set your sights on a high silicon consumption index (such as 2008 ‘s make a solar module Silicon consumption 7.8 g/w, but in fact now do 5 k/w) so as long as the corresponding part of the product will be able to write off Customs and other small parts in domestic sales.

Department of Commerce and the General Administration of Customs also sees this aspect of vulnerability, of course, so on August 14, 2014 58th article suspended polysilicon processing trade applications, certainly after this is released for a two-week grace period, use this opportunity to surprise approval throughout a large number of processing trade, the import arrangements by August 2015.

Causes an announcement after the sharp rebound in September to 9942 tons, a record high, late in the fourth quarter were monthly record high, since the 58th, provided “with enterprises as the snap-Network Monitor could be completed before December 31, 2014.” But also through the single manual examination and approval of processing trade business documents “during the term of the contract is complete” surprise approval in late August 2014 contract period is one year after the late August 2015.

During the last years, polysilicon is the most brutal aspects of PV industry chain integration, and the base is weak directly out, step by maximizing the strong, integration does not exist, it is mainly the technical threshold of polysilicon. Backward technology, even these internationally established companies are adjusted properly stopped. Some projects of the enterprises ‘ technology level is not high, and low price relocation should be careful, because technology is not reflected in the energy and materials consumption is high, cheap is not competitive.

More main of is silicon n-flow of bed method such of revolutionary technology appeared, will full alternative existing of improved Siemens method, so last year has segment time, West North some owners got local Government of coal resources Hou was forced Shang project, but in technology route select Shang is tangled of, improved Siemens method more than 60 years to in semiconductor and solar industry made huge contribution, is expected to 10 within will completely exit history stage.

2015 has arrived, and polycrystalline silicon industry into “left is King” era, the future business is strong, and Kings with 35 wolves. 2015 with 300,000 tonnes of production (part for semiconductors) main supply years about 50 GW of PV demand. Low cost high quality silane and fluidized bed technology polysilicon accounted for more than 15%. On China’s market in 2014, China polysilicon annual rate close to 60%, if there is no processing trade imports hit will also free up more production.

Now seems, 58th, paper to 2014 late also is has effectiveness of, end of three months this a wave assault into on see have out, estimated January began on will fell, then continued to August completely ended, now situation see, China polysilicon completely has capacity guarantee domestic supply, and keep price smooth, I estimated from several manufacturers of performance see, 2015 domestic polysilicon concentrated degrees also will again improve, general production will again increased 40,000 tons, and imports corresponding reduced, especially second half of. Polysilicon in China in the year 2015 in the era of 200,000 tons. And build tons of silane fluidized bed technology.

Now we see that polysilicon prices have bottomed out in the first quarter is the traditional low season, coupled with the final quarter of last year, PV enterprises imported assault Tun, production will be reduced in the first quarter, some plants will down load down those inventories, it is estimated that until the second quarter will see a bounce.

Original title: Lv Jinbiao polysilicon “left is King”

Shanxi province people’s Government Office on the implementation of the strategic action plan for energy development (2014-2020), implementation of the

Polaris solar PV net news: each city and county governments, and provincial committees, offices, offices, departments, provincial State-owned enterprises:

To thoroughly implement the regulation on the issuance of strategic action plan for energy development (2014-2020): notice of (State (2014), 31st), make it the task to the letter, with provincial consent, combined with I put forward the following views on the province. �

First, overall requirements

Full awareness accelerated advance energy production and consumption revolution of necessity and urgency, full implement national energy development General deployment, implementation provincial ten session six times plenary spirit, to open source, and throttle, and emission reduction for focus, ensure energy security supply, change energy development way, adjustment optimization energy structure, innovation energy system mechanism, focus on improve energy efficiency, strictly control energy consumption had fast growth, focus on development clean energy, advance energy green low carbon development, focus on promoted technology progress, To improve the core competitiveness of the energy industry, spare no effort to promote comprehensive national energy base of Shanxi province. �

Second, strategic objectives

The main target by 2020:

Energy production: total primary energy production reached 900 million tons of standard coal, coal output to less than 1 billion tons, coal-bed gas production capacity reached 40 billion cubic meters, electric power installed capacity reached 1.2~1.4 billion kW. �

Energy consumption: total energy consumption within the province controlled about 260 million tons of coal equivalent (final state indicators shall prevail), natural gas consumption reached about 12%, non-fossil energy accounted for more than 5%~8%. �

Energy output: about 600 million tons of coal output control, external power installed capacity reached 6000~7000 million kW, UHV transmission channel to achieve outside 6~8. �

Energy-saving emission reduction: complete the “Twelve-Five” on the basis of energy conservation and emission reduction tasks, completion of national 2020 the targets of the same period. �

Third, focus

(A) promoting the revolution in energy supply. �

“Black green energy development, a high-carbon energy and low carbon development” principle, promote comprehensive national energy base of Shanxi, speeding up energy supply capacity, optimize the structure of energy supply and transportation, and constantly improve our share of non-fossil energy. �

1. advancing North, jinzhong, jindong three major coal bases and quality. �

Enhance the level of intensive coal industry. The large-scale coal enterprises as the mainstay, continue to promote the integration of coal resources and coal merger and reorganization of enterprises, further reducing the number of coal mines in the province. Optimizing the structure of capacity by 2020, coal production more than 80% of large enterprise groups, total production of tens of millions of tons of coal mine production accounted for about 20%. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of coal)

Advancing modern mine construction. In accordance with the “safe, clean, efficient and low-carbon” principle, to actively promote the coal industry and quality construction. Popularization of green mining technology, the establishment of harmonious development of ecological environment in coal mining and mining mode, improve the level of mine modernization. By 2020, the 70% of the province into a modern and the mine shaft. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of coal)

Continue to increase the supply of clean coal. Advanced coal, coal, coal slime dewatering and drying, and other clean coal technologies instead of coal supply for the supply of goods by washing and sieving of coal, establishment of commercial coal classification and germplasm utilization system and improve the proportion of washing coal to coal. (Responsible unit: provincial coal Department, provincial Bureau of quality and technical supervision)

2. promote the development of coal-electricity base clean and efficient. �

Promoting the pithead power stations construction. Comprehensively promote the construction of efficient and clean coal-fired units, focusing on speeding up North, jinzhong, jindong three coal-electricity base construction. By 2020, the province’s total installed capacity reached 1.0~1.1 billion kW of coal-fired electricity. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Committee through a letter)

Speeding up the construction of low calorific value coal-fired power plants. 600,000-kilowatt circulating fluidized bed unit to demonstration projects as the lead focus on large-capacity low calorific value coal-fired power generation project construction, by 2020, low calorific value coal-generating capacity in the province reached more than 30 million-kilowatt. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Committee through a letter)

Promoting the construction of external transmission channel. Implementation of Jin power delivery market, relying on the North, middle, jindong 3 qianwanqianwa level, such as the major outside power transmission base, Shanxi-Shanxi-Shanxi-Shandong, Tianjin, Hubei, Jiangsu and Shanxi-8 construction of UHV transmission channel section, delivery capacity of the formation 6000~7000 million kW by 2020. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial electric power company)

Implementation of ultra-low emissions of coal-fired power units. At the end of 2017, single 300,000-kilowatt and older coal-fired generating units across the province be achieved or substantially achieved gas turbine discharge of major pollutants emissions standards. New units must perform the ultra low emission standards through policy measures such as financial support and energy incentives, encouraging and 300,000-kilowatt above the active duty units in 3 years with ultra low emission retrofit. At the end of 2017, coal-fired units up to 200,000-kilowatt step by step closure on unfinished transformation, not up to the ultra low emission standards for coal-fired units 300,000-kilowatt and above also forced shut down. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial environmental protection Bureau, the provincial Committee through a letter, Ministry of Finance)

Promote electric power system reform. In accordance with the unified deployment of the State to steadily promote electric power system reform. Support low calorific value coal power projects as a mining area industrial park in line with industrial policies of the State enterprise’s self-provided power plant, or participate in direct power supply. Encourage private capital investment in social capital and building the city of new distribution networks. Exploring and promoting the reform of marketing electricity side of transmission and distribution tariff reform. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Committee through a letter, provincial price Bureau, provincial electric power company)

3. promote the development of modern coal chemical industry. �

Actively promote the construction of modern coal chemical industry demonstration projects. Relies on I province has built of Lu Ann 210,000 tons/years coal business diesel and Jin coal 100,000 tons/years coal business gasoline demonstration project, promoted Lu Ann Changzhi 1.8 million tons/years coal business oil, and Datong Sakumo 4 billion cubic meters/years coal business gas, and coking coal 600,000 tons/years coal business olefin, and Jin coal 1 million tons/years methanol business clean fuel, and Grand mine 200,000 tons/years coal business ethylene glycol, demonstration project built inputs run. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission)

Speeding up north of modern coal chemical industry bases. Speed up the implementation of the North of modern coal chemical base plan, sending the 3 million tons/year of coal-to-oil, 11 billion cubic meters/year of SNG, 1.8 million tons of coal to olefins, 600,000 tons/year/year key demonstration projects such as making aromatics from coal preparation work, strive to 2015 to start construction by 2020, some of the projects completed and put into operation. (Responsible: provincial development and Reform Commission)

4. speed up the development and utilization of coal-bed gas. �

Construction of coalbed methane in qinshui, Hedong, the two bases. Propulsion-meander-Baldor, and Lin Hui, Liu Lin, Yonghe-three-way cross-daning-Jixian, Qin Qin South, North 6, such as exploration and development of coalbed methane area, productivity reached 19.5 billion cubic meters of coal bed gas in 2015, 2020, strive to reach 40 billion cubic meters. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of land and resources, the provincial development and Reform Commission)

Gas drainage and utilization in building five major mining areas. Advancing the Jincheng coal, yangquan mining area, Lu ‘ an mine area, Xishan and Liliu five gas drainage and utilization of mining area construction, increase the amount of underground methane drainage in coal mines, and actively explore the low density gas utilization, enhance the level of coal bed methane comprehensive utilization. By 2015, the province’s coal mine gas drainage quantity reached 5.2 billion cubic meters, 2020 coal mine gas drainage quantity of 6.5 billion cubic meters a year, drainage and utilization capacity of about 2.4 billion cubic meters. (Responsible unit: provincial coal Department, provincial Committee through a letter, the provincial development and Reform Commission)

Vigorously implement the coal mine gas drainage and utilization, full coverage of the project. Combine ground drainage and underground drainage, should be implemented in exhaust smoke, drainage standards. By 2020, the basic realization of coal mine gas drainage and utilization, full coverage. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of coal)

Improve the “three vertical 11 horizontal” pipe network layout. Vigorously promoting the construction of gas network and ancillary site, 2015 total mileage over 10,000 km of gas pipelines, gasification and a population of 20 million in 2020, reaching a total of 15,000 km of gas pipelines and gasification base covering the whole of the population. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, SASAC)

5. push with new energy in various forms. �

Wind power. Jinbei kW wind turbine bases, focusing on accelerating the construction of wind power projects in 2015, total installed capacity reached 8 million-kilowatt, 2020 at 18 million-kilowatt. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Committee, the provincial electric power company)

Photovoltaic power generation. Promoting the construction of photovoltaic power generation base, accelerate the construction of demonstration area of distributed power generation applications, promote new energy model Datong, Changzhi, yuncheng city construction work, 2015 solar electricity generation capacity reached 1 million-kilowatt, 2020 at 3.5 million-kilowatt. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Committee, the provincial electric power company)

Coal-bed methane power generation. Promoting the construction of ground coal seam gas cogeneration project, promoting the construction of gas generation project, in 2015, the province’s coal-bed methane power generation total installed capacity up to 4.13 million-kilowatt in 2020, total installed capacity up to qianwanqianwa level. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Committee, the provincial electric power company)

Hydro-electric power. Promoting the 3 key water control project on the Yellow River (water, electricity) projects, of which, installed capacity of guxian 2.1 million-kilowatt, qikou capacity 1.8 million-kilowatt, yumenkou (Gan Zepo) 440,000-kilowatt kilowatts. Advance 2 pumped-storage project, including hunyuan 1.2 million-kilowatt, yuanqu 1.2 million-kilowatt. By 2020, the hydropower installed capacity exceeds 8 million-kilowatt. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Department of water resources)

Solar heating. Active solar heating technology research, exploring the development of uniform standards of construction and installation, speed up the application of solar heating technology, new products. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of housing and urban-rural construction, provincial science and Technology Department, the provincial electric power company)

6. strengthening capacity-building for emergency energy reserves. �

Strengthen the protection of coal resources scarce. Strictly implement the special and rare coal development and utilization management interim provisions of the State, in the designated area, protective development fertilizer scarcity, such as coal, coke, coal and anthracite coal. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of land and resources, the provincial Department of coal). �

Natural gas (coal seam gas) storage capacity. Speed up the natural gas (CBM) gas storage facilities, to encourage the development of commercial reserves, supporting natural gas (coal seam gas) production enterprises to participate in the peak, increase storage size and capacity for response peak. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, SASAC). �

Establishing emergency reserves of coal. Explored coal reserves system, promote the modernization of coal trading and trading mechanism. Supports the enterprises in coal mining distribution hubs, coal built supermarkets and other interim storage facilities, improve emergency stockpile system of coal by 2020, build a batch of coal logistics park. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission). �

7. achieving sustainable development of green energy. �

Deepening the governance in mining subsidence area. Due to mining subsidence severely damaged rural residential relocation of governance in the way, so that the majority of the affected people will be properly rehoused as soon as possible. 2020 year 1352 village 655,000 people relocation work, basically solve the rehousing problems of the affected people in mining subsidence area, and accelerate the work measures. (Responsible: provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Agricultural Department, the provincial land and resources department, provincial housing and urban-rural development department, Ministry of finance, provincial environmental protection Bureau, the provincial Department of coal)

Resources-exhausted cities in transition. Resource-exhausted cities to fully exploit the potential of local resources, efforts to extend circulatory economy industrial chain, increasing conversion rate resources. To local conditions, choose the direction of industries with comparative advantages, with a focus on high technologies and advanced applicable technologies to transform traditional industries, pay close attention to cultivating growth is good, complementary and competitive power protruding connecting substitute industries, as soon as possible to form new leading industries. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission)

(B) promote energy consumer revolution. �

To improve quality and efficiency as the core, changing patterns of energy consumption and consumption concept, establish and improve the total consumption of energy consumption intensity and “double control” as a mechanism to promote the structural optimization of energy consumption. �

1. the rapid increase in energy consumption. �

Implementation of the “one cluster of dual-control” measures. Will be linked to energy consumption and economic growth, imposed on high energy-consuming industries and industries with excess capacity in total energy consumption control strong constraints on other industries energy consumption intensities constraints imposed by advanced energy efficiency standards. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Committee through a letter, the Provincial Bureau of statistics)

Increase the intensity of backward production capacity eliminated. Enhance environmental protection, energy efficiency, safety and quality standards, increase the energy-consuming industries such as metallurgy, electric power total control of energy consumption. Establish energy-saving environmental protection standards to promote “high two” industry excess capacity exiting the forcing mechanisms. Through a trans-regional, TRANS-ownership merger and reorganization of enterprises, promote overcapacity compression. (Responsible unit: Provincial Committee through a letter, the provincial environmental protection department)

Reduce the intensity of energy consumption per unit GDP. Vigorously promoting the energy saving and consumption reducing, fully implement the national mandatory energy efficiency standards, and industrial enterprises to implement the quota for energy consumption per unit of product standards. Strict energy efficiency rating and review system for fixed asset investment projects, control of new energy. Accelerate the development of low energy consumption and high value-added industries, vigorously develop emerging industries of strategic importance. Over the same period to 2020 energy consumption per unit GDP decline to complete the State indicator. (Responsible unit: Provincial Committee through a letter, the provincial development and Reform Commission)

2. implementation of focus areas energy efficiency promotion plan. �

Industrial energy efficiency action plan. Around key energy-saving projects, in metallurgy, electric power, coal, coking, chemical industry, building materials, such as the six major energy-consuming industries carry out the “home energy saving action to reduce carbon emissions”, and constantly improve our energy efficiency. Development of high energy-consuming industries in energy efficiency benchmarking programme, energy efficiency standards in the key energy companies benchmarking activities. (Responsible unit: Provincial Committee through a letter, the provincial environmental protection Department, the provincial development and Reform Commission and the provincial electric power company)

Implementing building energy efficiency action plan. Promote the construction of energy saving in the area, strict implementation of building energy efficiency standards, and develop and implement a green and low-carbon buildings programmes of action. To promote new building energy conservation and thermal insulation materials, promoting the production and use of new low-carbon materials. Promotion of residential building energy-saving technologies, energy-saving renovation of public buildings. Promote new energy architecture application, distributed energy demonstration. Green building demonstration area of focus-building in provincial cities and towns, municipal cities in 22 start the designated demonstration area, 7 cities start demonstration area of special planning for green building work. Encourage and guide all phases of green building construction by 2020, town reached 50% per cent for new construction green building. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of housing and urban-rural construction, the provincial development and Reform Commission)

Green transport plans of action. Vigorously implement the developing strategy of city bus priority, speed up urban exclusive bus lanes, the first and last stations, terminals, public transport infrastructure and public transport such as bus stop capacity growth, encourages the development of bus rapid transit system (BRT) to slow traffic and public bike system, support the creation in Taiyuan City State “transit city”. Support for urban passenger transport, road transport industry and tourism to promote the use of clean energy, new energy vehicles. (Responsible unit: the provincial Transportation Department, the provincial housing and urban-rural development department)

3. implementing change and land use form. �

Implement action plan for new towns, new energy, new life. Pilot work of promoting low carbon cities States of Jincheng, full implementation of low carbon city, County, provincial parks, communities, businesses, and other experimental work. In urban planning, design, construction and management of the whole process, from the industrial development, energy use, transportation, housing, public building, community management, and exploring low-carbon Smart mode of urban construction and management experience. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of housing and urban-rural construction, the provincial development and Reform Commission)

Urban and rural energy. To “a nuclear a circle three group” of town development construction and new rural construction for focus, according to urban and rural development integration and new town of of General requirements, insisted concentrated and dispersed function phase combines, focus construction to energy low carbon for features of gas, and electric, and hot, energy supply facilities, will has conditions of village in the and urban and rural combines Department into city gas tube network, and concentrated heating tube network covered range. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of housing and urban-rural construction, provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial electric power company)

Speeding up rural energy reform. Speed up popularization and application of energy saving technology in agricultural production, promoting energy saving of agricultural machinery and farming systems and energy saving. Increase the intensity of livestock and promotion of energy-saving technology, active in large-scale breeding farms and farming community to promote efficient rural biogas projects, such as crop straw gasification concentrating gas supply system, suit measures to local conditions in a remote mountainous area in accordance with the wishes of farmers household biogas construction, alternative and rural residents use fossil fuels for cooking and heating. Encourage the use of solar and geothermal resources. Rational distribution of off-grid in rural and remote areas with a combination of energy, such as wind power, solar power, small hydro distributed energy supply system. Promoting the green energy County, Township and village construction. (Responsible unit: Department of agriculture, the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Department of water resources)

National energy action. National energy efficiency action plans, strengthening propaganda and education, popularizing energy-saving knowledge, advocate, civilization and economizing, green, low-carbon consumption patterns and lifestyles. Promoting the use of green household products such as energy, water, raw materials, electricity and water price in ladder ladder is fully implemented. Promote the use of disposable chopsticks, paper, pen, etc. Limits of over-packaging and ultra-thin plastic shopping bags for sale, promoting heavy carrying cloth bags, baskets, and reuse of energy saving and environmental protection shopping bags. (Responsible unit: Provincial Committee through a letter, the provincial environmental protection Department, the provincial development and Reform Commission and the provincial Department of water resources, the provincial price Bureau, provincial Department of Commerce)

4. optimize the structure of energy consumption. �

Gradually reduce the share of coal consumption. Accelerating clean energy supply such as coalbed methane, by 2020, the coal consumption of primary energy consumption decreased from 73%. Higher-polluting fuel-burn-ban area delineation, completed polluting fuels the delimitation of the restricted fire zones and adjusting work, and gradually expand the polluting fuel range restricted fire zones through central heating and clean energy alternatives, round out of small coal-fired boilers. Before the end of 2016, Taiyuan is completely against civilian villages in the area of coal-fired facilities built in 2020, other districts and cities completed phasing out coal-fired facilities to residents of villages within the area. (Responsible unit: the provincial environmental protection Bureau, the provincial development and Reform Commission)

Natural gas consumption. Speed up the construction of accessible cities, major industrial enterprises and Park branch line network, key mining areas and key towns, increasing coal-gas, passing gas, coal bed gas, coke oven gas and other “four” promotion, and increasing clean energy in residential, automotive transportation, distributed energy, industrial and other fields of application. By 2020, the urban gas popularization rate reaching 95%, gas consumption reached 12% per cent of primary energy consumption. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of housing and urban-rural construction, the provincial development and Reform Commission)

Increase the size of urban and rural residents in renewable energy. Development of solar, wind, biomass, geothermal and other renewable energy, gradually expanding the scope of civilian use of solar and geothermal energy equipment, promoting household solar water heating, biogas and geothermal heating. Encouraging the development of distributed PV. Increase the use of renewable energies by 2020, proportion of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption is 5%~8%. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission)

(C) promote energy technology revolution. �

In a safe and green and low-carbon direction, innovation as the main body of the enterprise, adhere to independent innovation combined with assimilation, the principle of combining production, study and research, improve energy technology innovation system, support integrated base construction and transformation of energy spanning our province. �

1. a clear strategic direction and focus of energy technology innovation. �

Aiming coal energy industry technology chain and value chain of high-end, prepared focus industry innovation chain, oriented coal efficient clean using technology, and modern coal chemical technology, and coal mining and coal machine equipment technology, and power equipment and the smart grid technology, and seam gas and the new energy technology, and low carbon energy environmental technology and coal mine security technology, 7 a direction organization research, to coal base technology of innovation development drive province economic social continued health development. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of science and technology)

2. grasp key scientific and technological projects. �

To energy technology innovation major research special for hand, tight at international coal base technology of frontier field and main direction, in low heat value coal Super critical cycle flow of bed boiler key technology and dry gas pollutants super low emissions sets technology, different coal species of mass gasification technology, seam gas mining of theory system and the drill mining and yield technology, coal machine equipment overall high reliability, and long life technology, coal powder ash, and gangue, solid waste resources of utilization technology, carbon capture, and sealed and resources of using, made major breakthrough. By 2020, forming a number of international standards of coal-based research team and scientific research in the field and substantially increase the supply of technology required for the industrial upgrading, nurturing to coal energy technologies and their associated driving industrial upgrading new growth in our province. (Responsible unit: the provincial science and Technology Department, Ministry of finance, the Office of the provincial coal)

3. accelerating energy technology innovation system. �

City of Shanxi science and technology innovation as the starting point, layout of advanced coal-based research and development institutions, enterprises grafted capital markets create conditions encourages the Energy Science and technology innovation, realize the benign interaction of energy technology, talent and capital. By 2020, the core area of coal-based chain of industrial chain and innovation scientific and reasonable configuration, becoming China’s innovation of coal-based high, coal-based technology centres in the world. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of science and technology)

(D) promoting the revolution of coal administrative system. �

Coal is the dominant industry of Shanxi energy, is pushing energy institutional revolutionary breakthrough. According to the “six key, three top priority, a first breakthrough, a key part of the” train of thought, in spearheading reform of coal cleaning coal highway transportation fees State taxes, on the basis of steady progress management system of coal. �

1. first starting state tax reform of coal cleaning fee. �

Started up in mid-June 2014 standard coal-related fees work, introduced the gas charges to clean up the specification in question work programme, banning all coal involved unreasonable charges, lower part of coal-related fees and fund collection standards, minimize the burden of coal enterprises to realize was first breakthroughs in reform of provincial coal administration. (Responsible unit: Department of finance, the Office of the provincial coal)

2. grasp the key links of highway transportation system reform of coal. �

Introduced has Shanxi province coal coke Highway sales reform programme, from December 1, 2014 up, all canceled on related enterprise of coal, and Coke Highway marketing management administrative authorized, all canceled coal, and Coke Highway marketing notes, all revoked province within coal, and Coke Highway checkpoints and inspection points; December 31 Qian, all demolition province within various highway coal, and Coke checkpoints and inspection points of related facilities, for province coal management system reform lay has solid of based. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of coal)

3. the coal resource allocation by speeding up market reforms. �

Give full play to the decisive role of market allocation of resources, enhance the planning and management, actively exploring coal-mining areas in the overall plan, plan, plan of mining rights of coal resources and coal production and development and planning new management mode of convergence. Comprehensively promote the coal resources in the primary market of bid, auction, actively exploring the establishment of excess profits on the secondary market or market profits reasonable restraint and regulation of scientific method. Actively explore the new and existing mining rights holder for application of comprehensive prospecting, development of associated resources management approaches. Exploring the balance between coal supply and market demand remained relatively effective way, the recent provincial government in principle no longer new coal resources. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of land and resources, the provincial development and Reform Commission and the provincial Department of coal)

4. deepening the reform of administrative examination and approval. �

Legal compliance of existing administrative approval items clean, streamlined, similar administrative examination and approval, to set their own application for filing, registration, certification and approval matters firmly repealed cancellations. Insist on giving priority to efficiency, powers and responsibilities of unity, further simplifying the procedure for approval and acceptance. Streamline approval processes, promoting the separation of technical review and administrative examination and approval. Establishment of parallel approval, promoting the same matters and issues of the same Department is responsible for merging process. Continued decentralization and adjustment of examination and approval authority and strengthened local and corporate decision-making. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission and the provincial Department of coal)

5. building modern coal market system. �

Give full play to the China (Taiyuan) coal trading center, perfect spot trading, advancing energy commodity OTC derivatives transactions, explore the development of futures trading through market means to attract both inside and outside the province’s coal supply and demand and logistics enterprises to enter the trading platform. Improving coal logistics system, encouraging large coal production and consumption enterprises to integrate resources, form a set of roads, railways, ports, shipping and financial services in one of the largest logistics service system. (Responsible unit: China (Taiyuan) coal trading center, the provincial coal Department, the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Committee through a letter)

6. to strengthen coal mine safety supervision. �

Always put as the top priority of the provincial production safety supervision of coal mine safety return catch, further improve and implement “the party and government accountability, a gang of two responsibilities, make concerted efforts,” the safe production responsibility system, adhere to the current safety control and implement a series of effective institutional and regulatory frameworks to enhance coal industry Department in charge of the whole process supervision on coal mine production. Full implementation of corporate responsibility, ensuring safety, safety training, basic management, troubleshooting, corrective action in place, first-aid, setting up units bear the cost of emergency rescue mechanism by an accident. (Responsible unit: Shanxi provincial coal Department, Bureau of coal)

7. strengthen the coal regulation of environmental protection and ecological restoration. �

Strengthening the ecological restoration of government environmental regulatory and corporate governance responsibility. New projects must be strict and high standards of environmental protection system in coal mines, has caused ecological damage to the environment, according to the “who destroyed, whose governance” principles, monitored by the Government responsible for the implementation of environmental remediation, and depending on the seriousness of their legal liabilities. Explore the establishment of Government, enterprises and social co-governance model of ecological restoration of a third party, means of introducing market-oriented management, third party professional medical treatment. (Responsible unit: provincial coal Department, the provincial environmental protection department)

(E) to strengthen cooperation in the field of energy. �

Guided by the win-win cooperation, make full use of both international and domestic markets, effective integration of external demand and domestic demand two resources to enhance the core competitiveness of energy enterprises in our province to achieve energy security in open conditions. �

1. actively support energy enterprises “going out”. �

Accelerate the implementation of the Declaration on the promotion of enterprises “going out” the transnational management guidelines (Shanxi merchants (2013), No. 299), in accordance with the “Government-led decision-making, enterprises, market operation” principle, leading enterprises in our province to speed up “going out” process. Support must have the size and strength of coal enterprises in coal exploration, ore and mining equipment manufacturing output in terms of technology, management and services. Encourage transnational operation needs of local enterprises to speed up the formulation and implementation of energy brands, talent, technology, capital, market transnational operation of medium-and long-term planning, encourage overseas research and development centers, and steady development product deep processing of energy resources, enhance the international competitiveness of energy enterprises in our province to enhance national energy security capabilities. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of Commerce and the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial industry and Commerce Bureau)

2. actively carrying out international exchanges and cooperation in the field of energy. �

Make full use of my province and the Germany North Rhine-Westphalia, and the United States, such as West Virginia, sister-State Foundation for cooperation, and China (Taiyuan) international energy industry Expo, an international energy exhibition platform, set up Omni-directional, multi-level and wide-ranging technical cooperation and exchange mechanisms. Actively using loans from international financial organizations and foreign Governments “introduction, introduction and leading skill”, comparative advantages, and actively introduce strategic partners such as Fortune 500 and multinational companies, innovative and exemplary energy sector cooperation. (Responsible unit: provincial Department of Commerce, the provincial Department of science and technology, foreign and overseas Chinese Affairs Office, the provincial development and Reform Commission)

3. to explore the establishment of regional coordination mechanism in the energy field. �

Communicate positively and attempt to establish a system of joint meetings of the relevant provincial government, strengthen regional high-level contacts and consultations, break regional restrictions to some extent to achieve consistency of regional economic policies and Government regulations. (Responsible unit: the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial Committee, the provincial Department of coal)

Four, safeguards

(A) improve energy regulation and policy. �

Sound energy policies. Thoroughly implement the relevant State laws and regulations, promulgated the province’s energy, electric power, coal, coalbed methane and other implementing regulations. Actively promoting the protection of oil and gas pipeline, energy reserves, such as the enactment of the Bill and amendments. According to the characteristics of Shanxi province, regional differences in energy taxes and public policy research. �

Improve the mechanism of energy conservation. Introduction of differentiated energy pricing policy. Enhance power demand side management to implement energy management contract, fostering energy efficiency services and energy service companies, energy auditing systems. Sound energy-saving evaluation review system for fixed asset investment projects, implementation of energy efficiency “leader” System.

Investment in clean energy access restrictions. Further relaxation of energy investment and financing restrictions on access, give full play to the pulling effect of listed companies to invest in energy, encourage nongovernmental investment in law not expressly banned in the energy sector, to encourage foreign capital in accordance with the laws, regulations and policies of foreign investment industries in the field of energy investment, promoting investment in infrastructure such as power grids, oil and gas pipeline diversity. Formation of large coal-fired power industry investment fund. Encourage the non-State-owned enterprises to participate in energy development. �

(B) the Organization and implementation. �

Strengthening organization and leadership. Strengthened Shanxi province integrated energy base construction led group of led, full played province integrated energy base construction led group integrated Office, and coal Development Office, and energy technology innovation Office, and low heat value coal power Office, and new energy Office, and seam gas development office, and modern coal chemical Office, and yellow hydropower development Office of integrated coordination role, strengthened on energy major strategy problem of research and considered, guide promoted this implementation views implement implementation. �

Detailed tasks. Must refer to this implementation, formulation and implementation of programmes. Provincial relevant departments according to the opinion, well-organized, detailed tasks, clear progress. Focus on energy companies to include follow-up to the views on an important agenda. Our views on the main indicators and section to prepare the province’s “Thirteen-Five” energy plan to be adjusted or amended to “Thirteen-Five” energy plan shall prevail. �

Strengthen supervision. Office of the leading group for the construction of the province’s comprehensive energy base integrated to other professional follow up closely the progress of work of the Office for the coordination, mastering the fulfilment of goals and tasks, and urged measures to implement, see practical results. In the process of implementing, organizational assessment to periodic inspection and evaluation, critical situations shall promptly report to the provincial leading group for the construction of comprehensive energy base.

Original title: General Office of Shanxi provincial people’s Government on the implementation of the strategic action plan for energy development (2014-2020) implementation

2015 distributed reason to PV select market in Shandong province

Polaris solar PV net news: January 2015 has bottomed out the Department of energy in 2015 the quota for photovoltaic power generation has also thrived, while the quota is lower than that of Jiangsu and Zhejiang, Shandong province, only 800 MW (distributed 600MW, 200 MW), but I still think 2015 PV market favourites Shandong market.

Reason one: policies

Compared to Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, Shandong’s distributed subsidies and the extent of implementation is relatively the best. Distributed projects in Shandong, in addition to 0.42 Yuan/degree of the State subsidy, 0.05 Yuan/degree provincial subsidies, subsidies for 25 years. 2014 national electricity subsidies distributed projects have been allocated by electricity companies, subsidies have also been implemented at the provincial level. Therefore, the policy risks in Shandong province is relatively small.

Second reason: power good

Ahead due to abundant coal resources, power supply and power grid construction, power with reasonable layout, grid structure is relatively strong. Since 2000, Shandong power grid less due to lack of turbine or insufficient transmission capacity peak load shifting, blackouts and accidents caused by road, thus the idea of the load power data that accurately reflects the overall level of economic development of Shandong province and social power consumption characteristics, within the national grid system study on load characteristics of good samples. After 2005, Shandong power grid into the North China power grid and regulate supply and demand in a big grid, accidents as well as support emerged.

Shandong power grid running smoothly, supply situation is on the whole balanced, without the occurrence of peak load shifting, blackouts and accidents road. Load data is of great value for research, to the grid plan, power equipment repair test operation, peak load forecasting, unit to provide effective guidance in State grid system is relatively independent, perfection, high stability of the power grid.

Reason three: the absorptive well

Province of Shandong province is one of China’s heavy industry, high energy-consuming industries accounted for relatively large, electricity consumption has always been high, tires, chemicals, metal smelting, iron and steel, textiles and other large power distribution set. As pressure on Shandong province energy-saving emission reduction increases, it is imperative to adjust the structure of energy consumption.

Reason four: nice

In Shandong province, hometown of Confucius and Mencius, State of righteousness. Come to Shandong outsiders, Shandong, gracious and hospitable character of thumbs up. Shandong’s reputation is recognized in people, even the wife of XI and other State leaders, mostly from Shandong.

Anyway, is there any reason not to Shandong?

2015 is an important year for distributed development, and is important for distributed PV development in Shandong province, select, Shandong, choice is reassuring.

Original title: “market analysis” 2015 distributed reason to PV select market in Shandong province

Polaris solar PV NET weekly Hots collection (1.23-1.29)

Polaris solar PV net news: policy review

1, the Department of energy for 2015 PV implementation programmes comment letter

National Energy Agency photovoltaic power generation and long-term planning, according to the country’s provinces (regions and municipalities) solar energy resources, electric power market to dissolve in 2014 and photovoltaic power generation implementation of the annual plan, proposed construction of photovoltaic power generation by 2015 year implementation plan, seek the views of all units and requested before February 6, 2015 written feedback to the National Energy Board new energy Secretary. Based on 2014 problems PV market in China, National Energy Agency photovoltaic power generation new policy adjusts to complete General 15GW of 2015 goals.

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2, the Energy Council on 2014 PV statistics to verify work notice

Recently, the Department of energy from each province (district, municipal) Department in charge of energy and grid companies has two channels were collected at the end of 2014 PV on-grid capacity data. In view of the data in and out of large parts of two channels, in order to ensure the accuracy of the statistical data and the authority is now asked the provinces and further verification of power grid enterprises.

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3 by the second batch of new energy, energy industry standard (or revision) schedule (table)

According to recently National Energy Council issued of national energy Council on issued 2014 second batch energy field industry standard business (repair) set plans of notification (country can technology [2015]12,), future two years energy field industry standard business (repair) set plans amounted to 253 items, and in June 2014 issued national energy Council on issued 2014 first batch energy field industry standard business (repair) set plans of notification (country can technology [2014]298,), energy field industry standard business (A) planned a total of 627, so by the end of 2016, the energy industry were required to complete 880 standard (or revision) of work. Second batch of new standards in the energy sector (or revision) to provide a total of 46, of which 15 wind power, solar on 11 (8 photovoltaic and solar thermal, 1 thermal using 1 and 1), 20 items, related to biomass integrated (landscape reserve) 1.

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4, yuyao municipal people’s Government Office on promoting the construction of distributed solar power projects implementation

According to State on promoting PV industry health development of several views (country sent (2013) 24th,), and Zhejiang Province Government on further accelerated PV Application promoting industry health development of implementation views (zhe political sent (2013) 49th,) and Ningbo City Government on promoting PV industry health continued development of implementation views (Yong political sent (2014) 29th,), related provides, for further accelerated distributed PV power project of development, To promote energy-saving emission reduction and optimization of energy structure adjustment, yuyao formulated views on, and promoting the development of distributed PV.

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Market review

1, 2015 national grid-connected PV power plans to add size table

National Energy Board planned 2015 national scale grid-connected PV annual plans to add 15GW, centralized power stations 8GW, distributed 7GW (roof distributed not less than 3.15GW), especially in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing and Tibet without abandoning the premise of light, with no size limit.

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2, crude oil plunged world: 2015 drastic changes in the global energy landscape

The past six months, crude oil prices above $ 100 per barrel plummeted to around $ 50 now, down more than half, and continued to fall unabated, international strategic issues with far-reaching consequences. Drop in oil prices has led to imbalances in the global economy in local areas for oil and gas industry, new energy industry, and had a profound impact on geopolitics.

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3, photo-electric prices or will introduce in the first half who will be the first to reap the big bonus?

2015 is expected to become China’s great development of thermal year, light electric prices or introduced in the first half, industry bottlenecks are expected to break down, in addition, being developed by Thirteen-Five energy planning will also focus solar thermal power generation, market analysts believe that, in this context, intra-industry stocks will mark an important opportunity for development.

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4, Bank accolade PV soup trillion market for PV industry credit expansion accelerated

Bank credits into “let go” and usher in a new round of PV industry “Golden” opportunity. At present, the State Bank, ICBC, construction Bank, China Merchants Bank, Societe Generale, and Shanghai Pudong Development Bank, sorting, grading to the technological innovation ability of photovoltaic business loans. Meanwhile, since December 2014, and other various capital intensive entered the field of photovoltaic power stations. In addition to the Hulk, evergrande, fosun group and other industries beyond cross-border, ping an of China, CDB capital, Sequoia Capital, insurance, financial institutions are the layout of PV power investment.

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5, PV Thirteen-Five planning: new energy micro-grid construction in question seven

Participate in solar “Thirteen-Five” planning experts, will be presented separately in the plan “Thirteen-Five” special planning and separate solar five-year development plan for the first time, involves matching grid and smart grid applications, seven in new energy micro-grid layout and other aspects. The plan were asked to play a connecting role, “convergence” Fourteen-Five plan “and 2030.

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Comment article

1, United States why we must contain China PV industry?

Although China’s installed capacity of wind power, photovoltaic and biomass 100GW, which is 100 million-kilowatt, around 8% per cent of total energy consumption in China, but China’s new energy development speed is very fast. At the current pace of development, by 2020, the Assembly machine of China’s new energy will exceed 250GW, or 250 million kW, is expected to be over by then China’s total installed electricity capacity of 20%. At that time, China’s oil demand will be reduced by more than 30% than it is now, which means China’s demand for imported oil will be reduced by 60%. In this case, only Russia and Caspian Sea oil will be able to fully satisfy China’s demand for oil imports, when the United States for China’s energy control, will be completely meaningless. This is the United States absolutely does not want to see.

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2, 2015 development of the photovoltaic industry Outlook: “fast and steady” and “stability in the quality”

The year 2014 is good China PV industry, industry after a downturn a few years ago, and finally in 2014 for reverse hits, mainly photovoltaic companies achieve profitability, operating condition has been greatly improved. Looking ahead to 2015, PV industry in the face of complicated and changeable situations at home and abroad, distributed photovoltaic power generation remains the center of gravity, you need to “fast and steady”; ground station required to crack “abandoned power”, and strive to “stability in the quality”.

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3, in the development of photovoltaic power station in the eastern part of the new future

In grid infrastructure development is far behind the photovoltaic power station under construction on the ground, facing the West power station “abandoned power situation” will remain for quite a long period of time. Moreover, the relation to the overall level of quality of PV power station in the West, Western construction of PV plants are facing a major test. The condition can hardly be a significant breakthrough in the West, to complete such a large share of the installed capacity, is bound to the eastern region, which will offer East-photovoltaic power plant construction to open up a broad space for development.

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4, PV and how to combine poverty alleviation for the better? –Interpretation of distributed PV and pro-poor development policies

Our present poverty situation is not optimistic, according to the World Bank’s poverty of less than 1.25 dollars a day expenditure classification, there are 200 million people living in poverty in China, these poor people are 14 adjoining areas, there are more than more than 3,000 villages (more than 20 households) does not power on. But these areas much light and heat resources better, with an average annual sunshine hours in more than 1200 hours, the development of photovoltaic industry in these areas are very suitable.

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5, local management of distributed PV capacity daikao

2014 is distributed in full swing in the first year, objectives and policies at national level and issued. But due to distributed PV drive too fast, although local governments have plans, but it was just a target, financial benefits, policies, etc, not according to the characteristics of distributed PV, seriously study the situation on the ground, “a rush to battle.”

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6, Hong-Wei: development of PV “Thirteen-Five” need to calculate account

PV industry integration of reviews beginning in 2011, the enterprise is confused, Government is not the responsibility of analyzing PV targets for 2014 completion, it is not the responsibility of enterprises, the Government is not aware of. PV is a new developing industry, don’t know is normal now, fear is not clear. In order to reduce errors and to avoid human losses, an important prerequisite is a matter of large photovoltaic industry development plan issues and figures must be clear, think it is clear.

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Enterprise version

1, Concord and new energy to 2GW “big picture”: “funds” play with ROE

China’s new energy industry development fund in just more than a year, management has reached hundreds of millions of dollars. At present, bank credit financing in the PV industry increasingly difficult under trust channels such as financing becomes more expensive, more and more solar companies, especially the project developers tend to set up their own funds for solar projects.

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2, Wang Bohua: PV industry chain world’s first name is the Chinese enterprises

China PV Industry Association Secretary-General Wang Bohua said, at present China’s PV industry continues to expand the scale, the industry overall is getting better. Enterprise gross profit rate most to return to double digits, business conditions have improved markedly. Industrial chain has China’s enterprises to enter the top ten in the world, such as poly (4), Silicon (8), cell (5~6), component (5~6), and were the first for Chinese enterprises.

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3, Han is going to emerge behind

Can film in Hong Kong-listed Chinese power generation group could fetch as much as $ 18 billion over the past three years has made remarkable profits, shares were up 3 times more than doubled since the beginning of 2014. According to Forbes (Forbes) statistics of the Hina Group founder Li Hejun, China’s fifth-richest person. However, under the United Kingdom financial times analysis of its recent earnings reports, behind the company’s impressive growth, there are some unusual practices.

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4, Chinese energy companies innovation way

For nearly half a century, the world appears more than once within the scope of “energy crisis”, and cause worldwide economic chaos and social unrest. Despite proven new reserves increased lifespan of conventional energy, but in the long run, conventional energy sources will dry up one day, and all forms of new energy is already being used, but large-scale development of technology is not yet mature. Therefore, both in terms of improving general energy efficiency, or from the perspective of effective development of new energy and Energy Enterprise Innovation is implementation of the sustainable development of “the only way”.

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5, Sichuan Investment Corporation “suing” tianwei silicon, tianwei Paul variable

Minjiang River hydropower 26th evening bulletin, January 26, company received Sichuan province senior court served of should v notices, and proof notices and civil up pleadings, Sichuan province high homes has Yu January 6, 2015 accepted has Sichuan province investment group, sued tianwei Sichuan silicon industry limited responsibility company, and Baoding tianwei insurance variable electrical Corporation, and ICBC Corporation Baoding Chaoyang branch and the this company confirmed contract invalid disputes a case.

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Character articles

1, Ma Li Hejun by PK is now the richest man is

Hina films three-day upswing would certainly let Li Hejun PK Ma, mount the throne of the richest man again. This allows not to buy Chinese stock investors regret, President Lee is to world-rhythms, Ah! Recently, however, high Li Hejun out now on all major media, a powerful offensive, even the bean King cab can hear Han can advertise on the radio … and … Li Hejun who?

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2, Xian German PV market will keep growth rate of over 10%

“2015 PV market will maintain a growth rate of above 10%. “Jinkosolar holding, Chairman of Xian, the founder, said the next focus is to actively explore the lower station. 、

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3, Zhang Guobao: to adapt to the new normal count on subsidies in the energy sector is not the way

China’s current economic and social development has entered a new normal, in a new stage of development in the energy sector has entered a new normal. Under the new normal, it always depend on State subsidies in the energy sector is not an option, subsidies are a two-edged sword, will affect the scale of development of new energy sources, or through competition and technological progress, decreasing cost of new energy power generation. Ultimate goal does not depend on subsidies, but by their competitive advantages can be developed.

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US Federal subsidies for 30% the US enterprises free Assembly of solar systems

Polaris solar PV net news: the use of solar power is the Government in the promotion of environmental protection and energy conservation projects, because equipment costs are higher, however, installed in the past cannot be universal. Under United States federal tax regulations, the Federal Government of residential or commercial buildings to install solar power subsidies 30%, to benefit from the new policies, Green Engineering Solar United States solar group free of charge for users to install solar, and thereafter monthly electricity bill was lower than the current price of 30%-50%, up to save 80%.

Federal subsidies have a limited

Federal solar subsidy program known as “solar investment tax credit (Solar Investment Tax Credit,ITC)”, which is valid for the end of 2016, since extension is unknown.

Green Engineering Solar Operations Manager of DannyYe said the currently installed from the application into the grid about 4-5 months of time, as the number of applications increases, this time will be extended, so get ready to install solar power users need to apply as soon as possible, so as not to miss the subsidies.

Solar installation is completely free

Free installation of solar power. Equipment, materials and labor are all free, the power company is responsible for applying for subsidies. The other hand, Green Engineering Solar is a listed company, but also United States largest group SunEdison photovoltaic power company (NYSE:SUNE) specifies the installation company, powerful underlay, on solar devices does not require a user to pay.

Unless the user selects a device to buy all at once, then you do not need to pay a monthly electricity bills, but the devices cost up to tens of thousands of dollars, and companies generally do not recommend this solution.

Two monthly fees guarantee to save money

DannyYe, Green Engineering Solar United States solar energy group for the installing user offers two monthly tariff plans, each than the current set of save a lot of electricity tariffs.

Fixed monthly fees of about 40%

Green Engineering Solar United States solar group employees based on the user electricity consumption over the past 12 months, developing best bargain electricity programmes. For example, users in the past average monthly electricity bill was $ 120, you can buy 69 charging scheme. Solar energy companies pay only the 69 Yuan a month, you can enjoy the original amount $ 120 worth of electricity. If users on average tariffs of 200 Yuan a month, you can buy 120 fee plan. If is 300 yuan in the past, you can purchase a 160 Yuan plan.

By paying 0.15 per unit consumption

Another program is based on the actual consumption of electricity per month to pay their electricity bills, per unit (kilowatt) solar electricity was 0.15 Yuan, limited electricity time segment. And most of them are currently used in Southern California Edison power company’s price is different each time, there are 4 price. Electricity time segment of a minimum price for each 0.15 Yuan, while the price of 0.32 Yuan, which is the use of air conditioning, heating, many of whom exclaim why electricity is so one of the main reasons for the high. In contrast, solar power is obvious.

Solar power into the grid to sell fewer supplements

Solar energy companies and power users signed contracts will guarantee the annual number of such as 6,000-kilowatt. Although Southern California regions throughout the sunny day, but people might be worried that if continuous cloudy day, solar-powered no electricity available to do? DannyYe said users to install solar power and grid current will not be broken, but your own solar electricity into the power grid. When in full sunlight, generating capacity exceeded the actual demand, you can sell surplus electricity to the grid; when the solar power is insufficient time, temporarily using grid electricity, walk on two legs to protect electricity without interruption.

Residential and commercial tenants will enjoy subsidies

Whether it is residential or commercial buildings, belongs to the Federal subsidies for solar energy installation, so may apply. Danny said, because the current commercial price is more expensive, so many businesses interested in installing solar electric.

Installation conditions and preparation information

Danny said, the user’s credit scores of more than 680 points, installation of solar electric applications may be approved. Installation area requires more than 20 square feet, will be able to supply electricity for the whole family.

Want to install people/businesses need to be prepared for the last month’s electricity bill, Green Engineering Solar United States member of the solar trade unions offer free consultation via phone or face to face with electricity assessments.

Free installation of solar electric six major benefits:

0 heads of State pay. 30% the Government tax subsidies. Monthly electricity bill savings of 30%-50%, up to 80%. High quality solar panels and inverters, 25 quality warranty. Increase the home’s value, plus for investment property. Provincial property taxes, you can use solar power equipment property tax deduction.

Original title: US Federal subsidies for 30% the US enterprises free Assembly of solar systems

Australia PV industry stepped into a new stage

Polaris solar PV net news: under Australia New data revealed by the Photovoltaic Industry Association, the rooftop solar photovoltaic systems installed capacity has exceeded the 4GW. While a few days ago, Australia Bureau of claims every 5 households in Australia have a rooftop photovoltaic system was installed.

Australia APVI Photovoltaic Industry Association announced that break the 4GW mark means that rooftop PV installed capacity is over four times from 2011. The Association expects over Queensland and South Australia, 40% installation of PV components. According to the green energy trade and grid operators, according to the data provided, over 15000 per month Australian household PV system is newly installed, this indicates that PV installation at least 10 months before the 2014 up to 600MW. Australia’s PV industry is steadily moving forward, have entered into a new stage.

Subsidies and gradually reduce

Australia latest statistics report shows that every 5 Australia 1 out of the family in the use of solar energy. 3 years ago, only 5% of Australia home use rooftop solar panels or solar water heaters today, however, this proportion had risen to 19%. In the United States, only 0.4% of households using solar energy to generate electricity. 19%, using solar energy in households, 14% uses a solar photovoltaic power generation.

October 2014, Australia Albert Government said, hopes adjustable drop 2020 years of can renewable energy power capacity target, reason is Albert Government think Australia in effective energy zhixia, total with power will reduced, so, originally scheduled in 2020 reached can renewable energy accounted for 20% of power capacity target, to reduced Hou of total electricity calculation, will became 27%, so Albert Government to buckle off that more out of 7% part power capacity, claimed is “really 20%”.

A few days ago, Australia Environment Ministry spokesman, Abbott has been for national renewable energy target (RET) seminar. Thanks to rising electricity prices, the ruling coalition would probably re-evaluate the project. Australia renewable energy sector crisis become heavier and heavier, worried that the Government would drastically reduce or even abolish the RET.

It is reported that as early as 2000, Australia Government introduced policies to support solar, ordinary households to install solar power systems can receive subsidies of up to 8000 Australian dollars. In 2009, the Australian Government abolished subsidies and replace them with electricity generated by renewable energy buyback Bill. Residents use solar energy “green electricity”, their use; can also be delivered through a bi-directional meter to the power grid, the Government more than the average electricity price at discounted prices buy “green electricity”. In addition, the Australia Government has also introduced named “green loans” the Government an interest-free loan scheme, the Bank also introduced a series of types of low interest rate loans to encourage people to install solar power systems.

In December 2013, Australia rooftop PV 3GW-breaking and ambitious “million roof program.” Tony ˙ Abbott cuts or repealing national renewable energy targets, have been accused of “not with Australia people together.” Because of fears that the abolition of national renewable energy targets (2020 renewable energy capacity up to 45000GWh) and the Elimination of subsidies for people who install solar energy systems, Australia solar energy society has launched a “save the solar” activities.

PV + storage can become a “new standard”

Photovoltaic array with battery energy storage system is gradually becoming the Australia open “new standards”. As Governments and businesses come to realize that after the PV + storage cost-efficient, installation is continuing to rise. Solar and energy storage technology cost is declining, and the technology is also increasingly being understood and known by the public, which makes photovoltaic energy storage solutions Australia part of the mainstream. In regions such as Western Australia, more and more innovative solutions to make people appreciate the reliability and economic efficiency of technical solutions.

Australia Steven MikeNahan a few days ago for “PV + energy” economy said to be recognized, he has asked Australian utilities in rural and remote areas, speed up the application of this solution. Moreover, Nahan says, local utility companies, Horizon is in the process of investigating the multiple solutions, including distributed photovoltaic micro-grid. I “is not a professional technician, but we can tell the Ravensthorpe (Ravensthorpe) everyone in the town to install solar power systems, and wind-diesel hybrid power generation solutions. They already have a micro-grid. Horizon are these companies now need to investigate things, we will continue to follow up and explore. “

In Western Australia’s Midwest region, a company called MetaMayaRegionalAboriginal has been announced, which will be installed at its headquarters in Port Hedland wedgefield a 100kW solar + energy storage power generation systems. The system will be equipped with a 76kWh lithium-ion battery and a 40kW diesel generator as a backup power supply. Due to technical limitations, Horizon utilities to install that runs only off-grid PV systems. EMCSolar will be responsible for the supply and installation of the system.

In Australia southern areas, PV + energy storage system also highlights its economy. In Australia’s capital of Perth South and inland areas of the crop, a 40kW photovoltaic energy storage systems have been built, and to supply electricity for the local village vacation rentals. Solarmatrix for off-grid systems-building company is the construction of the system – it is reported that the project part-funded by local tourism subsidies. Earlier, the Solarmatrix company has been installed for remote communities more than equipped with energy off-grid PV systems.

Rise of small photovoltaic devices

Despite the Australia Government support for renewable energy uncertainty of higher import costs of solar panels in 2014, small solar power equipment industry in Australia was still stable.

Australia green energy trading company CEO Rick • bulazhalei (RicBrazzale) that the 2014 Australia about 800MW solar photovoltaic generating capacity increase, slightly higher than the increase in 2013 795MW; while the number of new systems was reduced from 200,000 to 182,000, almost 10%, but the unit system has been expanded, is due to commercial buyers for home users to share in growth.

Generation capacity is higher than the 10-kilowatt of the large number of commercial PV systems installed continue to grow, this is due to the company’s response to electricity prices. Commercial or ‘ non domestic ‘ system currently accounted for a market share of around 15% in 2012, this figure is less than 5%.

At present, Australia of large-scale solar power, wind power and other clean energy factory investment virtually ceased, Government actions in support of renewable energy targets for rate of return while being questioned. In addition, small solar device is also vague, high-level government support distributed solar photovoltaic equipment, support for small businesses choose solar equipment cannot be determined.

In the past six months, Australian dollar devalued substantially increased the cost of imports, also put pressure on the industry. Solar unit procurement cost, some 90% are caused by exchange rate fluctuations, solar panel prices rose by about 15%. But the PV industry’s innovation is expected to help raise demand.

In addition, new South Wales in its annual renewable energy report highlights solar industry’s position in terms of creating jobs and attracting investment. Reports that by the end of 2014, nearly 300,000 households to install solar photovoltaic systems, total investment totals about $ 1.3 billion. Projects approved by the Government power over 2900MW, value is estimated at $ 5.9 billion. (1 Australian dollar equals 5.04 Yuan)

In the last 5-6 years, renewable energy in electricity supply in New South Wales, grew 1 time, almost 13% number. Solar industry create 4,000 jobs directly and indirectly create over 9,000 jobs, including the heavy equipment industry brought about by the posts.

Original title: Australia PV stepped into a new stage

Solar charging station rise

Polaris solar PV net news: on January 5, 2015, the first solar photovoltaic public charging station began trial operation in Beijing, new energy vehicles completed within half an hour the fastest charging. Owners can pay via mobile phone payment, you can also brush Cup on the charging display Flash cards.

Recent media reports, by the Dorset public super group investment and construction of solar photovoltaic charging stations in use in Songjiang Fangsong community cultural center. This joint Government and business-building the public charging stations, public charging facilities needed new models, new energy vehicles in Shanghai to promote large-scale public charging infrastructure has played a positive role model. It is revealed that at the end of 2014, Songjiang district, Shanghai will also build 10 similar charging station.

In high oil prices and low carbon economy double, driven by new energy vehicles, particularly electric cars has been put on the agenda by countries, follow the charging-related areas of research and development has become the focus of national competition.

In this sense, renewable energy, also an industry upstart “handshake” of new energy vehicles, let this battle for the future of competition is becoming increasingly fierce. Application study of solar and other new energy in the electric field, like a spring night like to.

Role of PV

Standing under the eaves of charging stations in Beijing looked up, pieces of photovoltaic panels can be transmitted out of the clouds in the sky. How power is the only power plates the size of glass thickness? Charging station construction and operation of Beijing electronic science and technology, Deputy General Manager of Stewart introduction, they purposely picked a transparent solar panels, which allows light energy conversion rate of 22% per cent, surpassing most of the products currently on the market, generating capacity reached 25-kilowatt, “day’s pure-electric generating capacity up to 7 per cent of the full charge”. In addition, the parallel operation charging stations and, if there are insufficient solar photovoltaic electricity run, the system will automatically switch to the power supply, does not affect the vehicle charging.

Twinings introduces Richard chose the fast charge mode mileage at around 200 kilometers of new energy vehicles can be charged in half an hour. But 1 out of a fast charge, the charging station is also equipped with a 3 and 2 slow filling pile filling pile in, and fully charged in about 1 hour and 3 hours respectively, meet the owners of different charging requirements.

Unlike the Tesla company in wangjing Super built charge station charge the Tesla vehicles only, this solar charging station compatibility beyond the expected, currently available in mainstream domestic, Japanese and three carts of electric cars in Europe and America can be achieved within the charging station charges. “Morning comes nearly 10 cars, Beijing Auto’s new energy, Mercedes-Benz, as well as many Tesla. “Downing said.

When it comes to project highlights, head of the company said: “the low-carbon, energy-saving, environmental protection and photovoltaic power generation combined with the design concepts into the electric car is the highlight of this project for filling station, this pilot project demonstration, shifted the new energy electric vehicle charging station in the country to promote, thus boosting the rapid development of electric vehicle industry. “

Well, all over the world to “match” the positive move by solar energy and electric cars, does that mean solar charge, already has applied conditions for it?

Weakness was also evident

For the establishment of photovoltaic charging stations for electric vehicles, technical issues from instability of photovoltaic power generation. Energy experts said that at the time of establishment of UHV in China, PV has been on the desktop to explore the complementary role of UHV in exceptional circumstances, its location is only secondary.

In this regard, the linuo solar energy group company General Manager Liu Jianli says, “is a good idea, but the instability of solar energy has a low density, and low efficiency, which is distinct from the coal and thermal power. Recharging generally requires high power, fast charge at once. This current PV not perfectly. “Experts estimated that Tesla charging station solar panel laying area of about 150 square meters, solar highest conversion rate is 20.5%. A case study of an eastern city, when light radiation all year round to total about 1230-kilowatt per square meter, can be used all year round about 1230×80%980 kilowatts per square metre when light radiation, then above Tesla’s solar-powered recharging stations daily generating capacity of approximately (980×150) ÷ 365×20.5%83 kWh. Therefore, even if you don’t consider the solar module conversion efficiency in the lifetime of yearly impact attenuation loss and as photovoltaic power supply must be equipped with energy storage, off-grid solar charging stations that run only enough power for even a day of extreme ideally increase in electricity will be 2 of the models 50%.

Industry sources say, solar-powered charging station power generation is influenced significantly by the weather, cloudy weather and smoggy weather can also be greatly reduced capacity. In addition, no sunlight at night, no solar, said the 24-hour electricity cannot be achieved.

High cost of controversy

“Compared with the traditional power grid for charging, solar charging cost is still relatively high, and its popularity is not in conventional grid charging stations so fast. “Yingli solar Dean Wang Shiyuan said, although technically now basically meet the charging requirements, but the cost of photovoltaic products are still high and relatively low conversion rate, is the main reason impeding proliferation of solar charging. New energy current “epidemic,”-the cost of the war, once again around the bend. More here for another generation of wind energy, is also true. Wang Shiyuan said the main area in China’s inland areas, wind resources are not abundant, especially in the big cities less wind. Even the addition of wind energy technology has matured, but also take into account higher cost than solar amount.

From a technical point of view, solar-powered charging stations mainly rely on PV systems combined with automated computer system to generate electricity. The principle of which is electricity generated by photovoltaic modules wires to buried in high power capacitor for storage, before it is transferred across the capacitor to charge up. The electric part for electric vehicle charging, some can also flow into the public power grid, so you can reduce costs, and make full use of solar power resources.

At present, solar charging station is mainly divided into three types, a large service area that is located near the highway, a solar charging station is similar to the bus station, and another small kiosk is similar to charging stations. Solar-powered charging stations can be build separately, but combined with traditional gas station construction is better, because in the initial stage of the development of electric cars, hybrid cars typically occupy a major share of the market products.

Huge market potential

China Association of automobile manufacturers figures show 2013 EV sales of 14,600 vehicles in China. According to the national development and Reform Commission, Ministry of science and technology of new energy vehicle planning requirements by 2020, the proportion of new energy vehicles in China accounted for one-second vehicles, about 65 million vehicles.

Behind the rapid growth of electric cars, it is accompanied by a rapid increase in demand for charging infrastructure.

Ann letter securities released of report think, according to new energy car 2015 500,000 car, and 2020 5 million car promotion number measuring, charging facilities market scale respectively will reached 11.025 trillion yuan and 100 billion yuan; and according to Qian two batch new energy car pilot city charging facilities 2015 late Qian planning measuring, is about for 24 billion yuan; according to country network company “Twelve-Five” planning measuring, about 46.5 billion yuan; according to gas station number measuring, about 33 billion yuan.

“If the electric vehicle promotion in accordance with plan objectives to complete, charging facilities for public and private investment, about 10.015 trillion yuan by 2015 as a conservative estimate, optimistically about 20.03 trillion yuan by 2020 could reach billions of dollars. Marketing electricity side release will speed up the opening for filling facilities for market space. “The report says.

In order to solve charging problem, also are planning are given in many places. Among them, Beijing will in charge of downtown to build a service radius of 5 km around Tianjin plans to build 6,700 this year charging or charging port; supporting is attempting to create a new district of Zhengzhou post; Shanghai will be in 2015, the number of charging more than 6,000.

Original title: photovoltaic station rise

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First Solar would like to turn to the silicon technology?

Polaris solar PV net news: First Solar Malaysia opened a production plant with high conversion rate battery Panel, reported on the plant in the next 18 months will focus on conversion rates above the battery.

100MW production lines of the plant will be using TetraSun technology to produce monocrystalline silicon cells, the technique was developed by First Solar introduced in 2013. Greentech media has revealed a TetraSun presentation, with lots of interesting content. Cell conversion efficiency of more than 21%, is made of 156mm, compared with 125mm wafer output is more efficient. Production unit of this type of battery requires special thin copper wire, will reduce the loss as well as increased conductivity.

This concerns mainly the following two reasons. First, manufactured prior to First Solar’s cadmium telluride material is the battery, the battery material properties, structure and monocrystalline cells are not all the same. The past few years the company invested in the technology of Copper-Indium-Gallium-selenium, but like other companies, and eventually abandoned the technology. This is similar to the LCD TV manufacturers to turn to the production of OLED TV.

Secondly is the conversion efficiency. The past few years, many analysts and traders paid no attention to the conversion efficiency of the battery. Standard cost is the most important measure of the solar industry, but increased conversion efficiency is one of the means can reduce costs, are the best and most important tools. FirstSolar has developed conversion efficiencies as high as 20.4% in the laboratory of cadmium telluride cells, but still lower than any silicon solar battery on the market. SunPower is based on the virtue of its products in the market with high conversion rate. Silevo used to be an experimental battery module manufacturer last year, have been bought by SolarCity, planning development and production efficiency of the battery Panel. Production and high cost of the battery Panel with high conversion rate, but in case of investment, land tenure can produce more power. Increase conversion rate is a huge scientific challenge, but compared with the automatic installation of solar cell technology it is also easy to administer and can achieve the desired results.

New high efficiency solar cell Panel and element into the market requires a lot of money. So backers of the plan also had to demonstrate that it can in case of shouldn’t cost too much to build a new factory. But the benefits of the scheme are undeniable. Though not as high as 2005-2007, invested a large amount of money in some new ideas. But still need to be targeted and do its utmost to improve the performance of photovoltaic products to expand PV markets.

Original title: First Solar would like to turn to the silicon technology?

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“Depth” of Chinese energy companies innovation way

Polaris solar PV net news: for nearly half a century, the world appears more than once within the scope of “energy crisis”, and cause worldwide economic chaos and social unrest. Despite proven new reserves increased lifespan of conventional energy, but in the long run, conventional energy sources will dry up one day, and all forms of new energy is already being used, but large-scale development of technology is not yet mature. Therefore, both in terms of improving general energy efficiency, or from the perspective of effective development of new energy and Energy Enterprise Innovation is implementation of the sustainable development of “the only way”.

Since the “Twelve-Five” period of time, new changes have taken place in China’s economic growth trend. After a long period of high double-digit growth, China’s economy is in a transition to slower growth. Compared with the previous year, China’s economy has shown a “low growth, low inflation” low. National economy fairly stable, the leading economic index is one of the indicators in this phase range.

Meanwhile, the structural adjustment of our economy is pushing. High-tech industry development trend is good, strategic emerging industrial development continued to accelerate scientific and technological content of the gradual improvement in industrial production. In 2013, the proportion of the added value of the tertiary industry to GDP surpassed the secondary industry, up to 46.1%. Contribution to economic growth improved.

Energy industry is an important pillar of China’s national economy and basic industries. “Twelve-Five”, the slowdown in the recovery of the world economy, sluggish growth in developed economies, tighter international trade environment, intensification of financial market turmoil and other adverse factors, energy companies in China are facing a serious complex macroeconomic situation, guided by the scientific concept of development of the whole industry to speed up the transformation of economic development mode in the main line, and vigorously promote structural adjustment, technological innovation and energy conservation and emission reduction, have achieved positive progress. Industry economic base has remained stable, economic efficiency improved significantly and steadily promote the transformation and upgrading of industry, and continue to optimize the investment structure, and exports keep growing, stable market supply and demand, to achieve a “amidst” overall objectives.

Energy economy

On one hand, energy consumption increases. “Twelve-Five”, China’s energy consumption energy consumption is still increasing, but the growth rate has been reduced. On one hand, China’s economic growth is slowing, but generally maintain a high level of stable growth. Economic growth boosted energy consumption continues to increase. In 2010, China surpassed the United States as the world’s biggest energy consumer. In 2011, the total energy consumption in China has amounted to 3.48 billion tons of standard coal, 20.3% per cent of world energy consumption, surpassing the United States percentage of 19%. From another perspective, China’s enterprises with the “Twelve-Five” plan of energy saving and emission reduction goals, continue to promote energy conservation and emissions reduction. In addition to the year 2011, 2012, 2013, annual energy-saving emission reduction targets have been completed.

According to the National Bureau of statistics announced on February 24, 2014 the People’s Republic of China in 2013, the national economic and social development statistics bulletin, after initial accounting, in 2013, the total annual energy consumption of 3.75 billion tons of standard coal, up 3.7% over the previous year, compared to 2012, 2011 growth rate fell 0.2, 3.3%, where the coal consumption growth 3.7%; crude oil consumption growth 3.4%; natural gas consumption grew by 13% Power consumption 7.5%. National GDP energy consumption fell by 3.7% million Yuan.

The other hand, the new energy and industrial development. The “Twelve-Five” period, China’s new energy industry on the national focus on supporting one of the seven areas, not only national policy support, various localities have established many preferential policies to encourage enterprises to develop new energy industry. Released March 16, 2011 the People’s Republic of China for national economic and social development of the 12th five-year plan calls for “vigorously develop energy-saving and environmental protection, new-generation information technology, biology, high-end equipment manufacturing, new energy, new materials, new energy vehicles and other emerging industries of strategic importance. Energy saving and environmental protection industry have focused on developing energy-efficient, environmental protection, resource recycling key technical equipment, products and services. “” New energy industry have focused on developing a new generation of nuclear power, solar thermal and photovoltaic solar-thermal power, wind power technology and equipment, Smart grids, bioenergy. ”

On new energy development in China has made rapid strides. Currently, hydro, nuclear, wind, solar, biomass and other renewable energy and new energy industries have realized rapid growth, doubling wind power installed capacity for three consecutive years, the total installed capacity has been ranked fourth in the world solar photovoltaic industry has achieved rapid growth, total solar power ranked first in the world. It is reported that the solar, biomass, geothermal and other renewable power generation cost have been near or meet the requirements of large-scale commercial production, laid the foundations for the further promotion of the use of renewable energy. National energy plan, by 2020, renewable energy accounted for about 15% of energy consumption by 2050, use of new and renewable energy sources accounted for 45% of the total energy consumption. Under the favorable policies and funding support, coupled with an influx of private capital, China’s new energy industry is expected to continue to maintain the early momentum of development.

Energy Enterprise innovation development

“Twelve-Five”, Chinese energy companies through their own efforts, overcoming the adverse impact of the economic environment at home and abroad, focus on innovation, in the process of upgrading achieved better operating performance. At present, China’s energy development road of Enterprise Innovation’s biggest advantage is the size of the business strengths. Because successfully aboard the train of China’s rapid economic growth and significant increase in the scale of China’s energy companies, such as Sinopec and PetroChina, three giant State grid enterprises have entered the top 10 of the Fortune 500. Enhance independent innovation for the future of all this has laid a good foundation. Vast domestic market and the rise of new energy industry development for energy companies through innovative transformation provides a tremendous room for growth. Of course, only by results, we should also see that problems still exist in the development of energy enterprises. Especially when compared with the international energy giants, the world’s top 500, there is not a small gap in the energy sector in China, and international competitiveness still needs to be improved, Chinese energy companies need to continue to accelerate the pace of the Chase.

At present, from the macro-economic environment, Chinese energy enterprises in the development of the following unfavourable conditions.

First, the downward effect on economic growth in the enterprise market space. Current energy company most directly facing difficulties brought by the economic downturn reduced demand in the market, Enterprise energy consumption decreased productive capacity cannot meet, capacity utilisation declined by varying degrees. From a demand-side view, endogenous growth momentum of China’s economy slows, especially fixed assets investment growth slow down trends established, then determine the petroleum, chemical, coal, electricity, iron and steel, nonferrous metals, building materials, electrical appliances and other products demand growth fast and even partial periods of negative growth, sustain time secular in orientation. A case study of coal, especially in secondary growth from GDP growth, will inevitably lead to heavy slowdown in industry demand-side asset. 2001-2012, domestic coal output compound growth rates of 10%, 2012 production mainly due to demand-side contraction cause coal companies to drive down yields.

Second, excess capacity fails to remission, blind expansion of some enterprises. In recent years, the rapid development of China’s new energy industry and investments at a high level, investments in new energy projects in China has reached the world. The most obvious examples are found in the PV industry. In Government of strong support and promoted Xia, Bank on PV project big green light, according to Bloomberg 2012 statistics of data displayed, China has been through local government or national guarantees institutions provides of loan to support solar enterprise of development, Suntech Power, and game dimension LDK, and days collection light, and British Lee Green energy holding, and hanwha first solar and Crystal section energy holding, 12 home industry company, amounted to obtained has over 43.2 billion dollars of China National Development Bank loan commitment. Due to the capacity of the great leap forward and the European and American “double reverse” serious imbalance between supply and demand, since 2011 PV industry suffered the serious dilemma in nearly 10 years, solar PV application of national policy of slashing subsidies, leading to a serious oversupply in the market, increasing competition among enterprises, prices plummeted, industry-wide losses. On March 18, 2013, Suntech Power have been a go-ahead creditor banks to jointly submit a filing for bankruptcy reorganization, at the end of February, 9, including commercial bank of China, the agricultural Bank of China, Bank of China and other creditor banks of Suntech’s local and foreign currency credit balance, equivalent to reach 7.1 billion yuan. Suntech’s total debt has reached $ 2.3 billion, first listed Suntech’s market capitalisation has fallen from more than 4.9 billion dollars fell to about $ 150 million, is worth just as much as 99%.

Again, the decline in corporate benefits and costs were higher. In recent years, the energy efficiency of the sector has decreased, sometimes larger decline. For example, in May 2011, the refining industry net loss of 3.09 billion yuan that month, is a 2009 loss for the first time since August accumulated losses within the first, now, in November before refining industry lost a cumulative $ 11.728 billion yuan. Oil refining efficiency deterioration, the most fundamental factor is the issue of price mechanism. Rising costs make the market upside down. 2012 1 ~ November, industry-wide profits total 711.12 billion yuan, down by 3.3%, compared with a national scale growth in industrial profits were 3%. Among them, the chemical industry profit of 10% per cent; refining loss of 11.47 billion yuan, has accumulated losses for 16 consecutive months. In 2013, the oil and chemical industry profits and revenue, which has grown, as compared to a negative profit margin. Meanwhile, corporate losses have significantly improved profitability, steady recovery industry overall efficiency improved significantly.

Meanwhile, the high industry marketing costs, administrative expenses and financial expenses rose sharply. 2012 1 ~ November, oil and chemical industry’s cost of sales of 9.08 trillion yuan, an increase of 12%, higher operating income increase of 1.6% per 100 main revenue cost for 83.03 Yuan, an increase of 1.18 dollars; financial expenses of the whole industry to 122.41 billion yuan, an increase of 32.9% management costs rose 9.2%; turnover of 2.37, down 0.1%. This problem is particularly acute in the chemical industry. Although the chemical industry itself is definitely improving, but compared with other industries, gap in cost management. Statistics show that in 2013, 87.0 100 ‘s main revenue costs in the chemical industry, rose 0.41 Yuan, higher than the national industrial scale 100 ‘s main revenue cost 1.73 Yuan, a large gap. Scale industrial profitability was significantly lower than the national average. In 2013, the chemical industry’s main revenue and profit margin for 5.32%, country-wide industrial 6.11%, low 0.79%.

Finally, the lack of business investment in research and development, innovation capability is weak. From the innovative elements, processes and mechanisms for inspection, problems in energy companies in China have two points:

Is the lack of business investment in research and development, development density is a measure of the industry, one of the most important factors of competitiveness. Our inadequate investment has energy companies. As mentioned above, the Sinorama survey sample’s average development densities 0.76%, below the average for international energy companies. The development density of three of the country’s oil companies are: China National Petroleum 1.01%, CNOOC of China, the China petrochemical 0.3%. Despite the huge decreases in size can be explained to some extent the development density, but outside of China Petroleum, Sinopec and China offshore oil development densities were lower than the level of international oil giants. It can be seen that big gap of Chinese energy enterprises with the world advanced level in China. Domestic enterprises from nearly three years of corporate investment in research and development as a proportion of average income, military, information technology enterprise research and development investment topped the list, followed by manufacturing, iron and steel non-ferrous enterprises, energy companies is at the end. Top companies are: Aerospace Science and technology (15.1%), Huawei Technologies (9.84%), shipbuilding workers (5.96%). CNPC (1.01%), the Shenhua Group (0.68%), CNOOC (0.48%) in top energy companies.

Second, stable research mechanism has not yet been formed, and a deeper look, with world-class companies as the long-term strategy will innovation, especially as compared to the important means to cope with the crisis and the way out of the crisis, Chinese energy companies on the importance of innovation also needs to be improved, and lack of long-term innovation strategies. From reality see, China energy enterprise has long and no established up ensure development inputs stable growth of mechanism, most of enterprise are is according to itself profit and funds status to arrangements development spending; in some strategy shortsighted of big enterprise in the, actually is put development inputs as enterprise of profit regulator to using, and not put technology development as is build technology competition advantage and core competitiveness of long-term strategy.

Energy Enterprise Innovation and development countermeasures

In recent decades, the world appears more than once within the scope of “energy crisis” and causing economic chaos and social unrest around the world. Despite proven new reserves has repeatedly increased the lifespan of conventional energy, but in the long run, depletion of conventional energy resources will eventually run out one day, and in the case of solar energy, geothermal energy, wind energy new energy has long since been used in various forms, but large-scale development of technology is not yet mature, and not widely applied. Therefore, both in terms of improving general energy efficiency, or from the perspective of effective development of new energy and Energy Enterprise Innovation is implementation of the sustainable development of “the only way”.

Held in November 2013, the 18 session of the third plenary session of the party standing at a new historical starting point, full deployment of reforms. In a number of areas there are new breakthroughs and innovation, in particular the market plays a decisive role in the allocation of resources to the new reference to express more clearly the role of market regulation and more targeted. It should be said that three plenary session of 18 points out the direction for the development of China’s energy future and create a better policy environment.

“Twelve-Five”, the transformation and upgrading of China’s economy has entered a critical period, medium-and long-term potential growth rate is declining, the economy will average around 10% of the rapid growth in the past, transferred to an average of 7% per cent of medium-speed growth stage. Since the international financial crisis, China top 500 enterprises in China as representatives of large enterprises (including this newspaper investigations involving energy companies) operating income and profit growth also slowed markedly. Facing slowdown in macroeconomic growth, export to a fundamental improvement in the short term, severe overcapacity challenges. To this end, the energy enterprises in China should be changed at high speed for a long time under the condition of formation of the concept of enterprise development and management, promoting innovation-driven development strategy, strive to enhance independent innovation ability of enterprises, innovation-driven to improve quality and efficiency, and enhance the core competitiveness of enterprises. Ensure completion of upgraded version of world-class enterprise and create China’s economic challenge.

First of all, needs under the slow economic growth in the enterprise’s strategic positioning and business model.

On one hand, to fully understand the inevitability and necessity of a long-term slowdown in economic growth, and give up on ideas. Relevant research shows that although many business savvy against short-term goals of the stimulus, but there are still many enterprises “to” psychological, wished to rely on Government stimulus out of trouble. Should awareness to, the economic growth downward is objective and subjective, variety factors integrated role of results, both 2009-2011 years mass economic stimulus policy exit, and world economic growth long-term downturn of causes, also has central macro and social policy of active regulation, and China developed of “Twelve-Five” period annual growth 7% of target, purposes is governance serious of “not balance, and not coordination, and not continued” of problem, for economic transformation and structure adjustment of created must space. Despite the Government’s investment-led growth model to ridicule, but it must be acknowledged that if the central government ability to rely on its massive revenue, again, massive stimulus, still has a certain space, statistics would be more attractive in the short term at least, some overcapacity problem is partially resolved in the energy business. However, the slow growth of the economy was “structural adjustment” requirements. The current economic slowdown as an opportunity to adjust the structure, such as determined to eliminate backward economic components such as industries with high energy consumption and high pollution emission, encourage strategic value and lead the industry and so on. New central administration costs, benefits of massive stimulus policies are clear, for the urgency of economic restructuring and structural adjustment are clear. So for “to” enterprise, should overcome the psychological, according to the reality of slow economic growth, reexamine corporate patterns of growth, profitability, and location in the industrial chain, reorientation of enterprise strategy in a timely manner.

Meanwhile, energy companies should seriously examine the strategic position of the enterprise under the condition of low growth in the economy and survival mode. For a long time, energy companies benefiting from the rapid economic growth in China. Under the conditions of high economic growth, development of China’s energy companies have formed a certain philosophy and business model. Most of the energy companies are accustomed to in the process of rapid economic growth, relying on the inputs of production factors and the rapid expansion of market capacity to generate a profit. Study results show that, when China’s economy is growing more slowly than 7% when most businesses are unprofitable. Accustomed to economic growth only 1%~3% European and American companies, was able to maintain sustained growth and profitability. Rely not on such growth of factor inputs, nor market capacity expansion, but technical innovation and productivity within the enterprise, improvement of management capacity. In terms of energy, pure exploitation is no longer generating more added value, research and development, purchasing, storage, logistics, financing, marketing, services and technical support services, becoming an important source of value. Along with the infiltration and integration services and manufacturing, services sector’s increasing role in the manufacturing value chain and to promote mining, manufacturing of accelerator. While many mining and pure energy companies still in product production and processing, and low added value. According to the IBM Institute for business data, now in the manufacturing sector in major developed countries in Europe and America, both services and manufacturing business has amounted to 20% per cent, United States 58%, 97.8% manufacturing enterprises in China still remains in a pure product production and processing stages, lack of services. However, the last few years while energy companies continue to expand the scale of production, are affected by product homogeneity, profit margins are falling, after several years of severe competition in the industry exposure, some energy companies at the low end has entered an era. Therefore, the downward economic growth helped to spur the Chinese energy companies think about strategies in transition, from speed and efficiency to the quality and efficiency of transformation, from input-driven and innovation-driven change.

Second, you need to construct the energy characteristics of enterprise technology innovation system.

Enterprise’s technological innovation is a systematic project. Therefore, the enterprise, building energy characteristics of enterprise technology innovation system is an important support and effective science and technology innovation Foundation.

First, improve innovation infrastructure of the organization. Enterprise technology innovation system needs to establish rational division of labor, the clear positioning of innovative infrastructure of the organization. For example, the national grid through the integration of research institutions of several restructuring, and constantly improve the innovation main body function, changing research interests overlap, duplication of resources, working on their own situation, gradually comes to immediate industry institutions affiliated to research units as the backbone, focusing on Science and technology innovation of firms, provincial research institutions based on organizational structure.

Second, to establish a sound mechanism for innovation. To achieve scientific and technological innovation system to work, the improvement of innovation mechanisms must be established. National grid through strategy integrated, and schema restructuring and run mechanism construction promoted innovation group operation, achieved each innovation subject in company innovation chain Shang reasonable layout, promoted technology management by bar segmentation to collaborative unified, and dispersed extensive to concentrated fine benefits way of fundamental change, will dispersed in units of technology funding resources, and technology human resources and laboratory resources for concentrated management and combination, maximum to played group directly under the research units, and directly under the industry units and provincial research institutions of innovation Heli, Promoting the overall scientific and technological innovation and promote the overall development of enterprises.

Third, integrating internal and external creative resources. Energy system of enterprise technology innovation system includes both internal research and development organization, also includes the integration of external innovation resources used. A case study of Shenhua group, within its technology centers have been built in some industries, the main technical management functions, direct integration of resources in the field of science and technology development, production, operation and management activities, and feedback in the first major technical problem on site. Shenhua post-doctoral research station was established at Headquarters. Starting from 2002, Shenhua will strengthen cooperation with domestic and foreign regions, enterprises, universities and research institutes to carry out technology innovation as the core content of the strategic partnership. Among them, especially with Shanghai Shenhua and China Aerospace Science and technology group of strategic cooperation is most typical. National grid with capital and technology advantages, traction leading role into full play, combined with equipment manufacturers, universities and research institutes to carry out scientific and technological research, and effective utilization of external innovation subjects in related fields of resources, by integrating innovation, for major construction projects provided important support to succeed.

Finally, strengthening science and technology innovation of security management. The guarantees indispensable for the smooth advancement of technology innovation management. A case study of Shenhua group, Shenhua group in terms of funding, evaluation, motivation and talent give full protection. Among them, the Shenhua Group’s input is not set to scientific and technological innovation, as long as the input is required, annually in recent years, scientific and technological innovation of the scale of investment in billions of Yuan, a total of well over 10 billion yuan of investment in technological innovation fund. Meanwhile, according to the different sources of science and technology innovation activities for graded management of funding, for the subordinate enterprises approved by the headquarters, technology innovation inputs can be directly recognized by filling the assessment for the year profit reduction. In addition, the Shenhua group every two years to carry out science and technology progress award, a scientific paper award and adjudication process, Technology Conference and regularly exchange of results and experience, recognized, award-winning technical team and staff.

Finally, you need to seize the opportunity to push forward industrial restructuring and upgrading.

The new Administration’s prescriptions, speed growth in macroeconomic environment was forced to play active role in the development of economies in transition, structural adjustment has become the new Government an important, long-term economic goals. Seen from the energy sector, promote industrial restructuring and upgrading, particularly needs to accelerate the pace of technological innovation, optimizing the allocation of resources, should take the initiative to eliminate excess production capacity and even strategically exit certain areas of excess. Through the transformation and upgrading of traditional energy industries and actively develop strategic emerging industries such as new energy, produce more internationally competitive enterprises in the energy sector, enhance the voice of Chinese energy enterprises in the global market.

Speed up the energy sector to promote transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, and fundamentally solve the overcapacity problem and irrational industrial structure, it is important for steady growth and restructuring. China’s energy industry has a huge mining and processing base, which boasts the world’s largest market. How to take advantage of our “low cost” and “low-cost research and development” double low advantage bypass was the ability to lock the lower value-added part of the trap, and climbed to the high added value of the industry chain link, is the pressing realities of industrial restructuring and upgrading traditional energy issues. We must attach great importance to the upgrading and transformation of traditional industries, in particular, to promote the independent innovation of traditional industries, and enhance its ability to occupy the high end value in the chain link and competitiveness.

Present case, speed up the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries can start from 3 directions: one is to take full advantage of the current international market remains in the doldrums of the forcing mechanisms, further strengthen demand, prompting companies to change the traditional incremental development, accelerate mergers and reorganizations, pay close attention to eliminate backward production capacity, effective integration of internal resources. II is more conducive to promoting transformation and upgrading of traditional industries and the development of innovative policies and measures to guide enterprises to continuously strengthen the technological innovation ability and comprehensive service capabilities, from traditional manufacturers transition to integrated packages of services providers. Third, encourage the development of transnational support-traditional industrial clusters “go”. In promoting transformation and upgrading of traditional industries in the process of energy companies to increase the strategic use of information technology. Enterprises by deepening the development and widespread use of information resources, you can improve the efficiency of manufacturing and management decision in traditional industries, enhance the ability to respond to market changes, promoting the upgrading of traditional industries. Increase the use of information technology in manufacturing companies, to increase the proportion of services in mining, manufacturing, promotion of traditional energy industry services, communications technology, information flow, logistics and fund flow through the network, traditional energy industries informatization, marketization, industrialization and modernization.

New energy industry, the energy industry’s emerging industries of strategic importance. Will speed up energy industry, new energy industry leader and mainstay industries, transform the mode of development of the energy sector, to seize the major international economic and strategic point of strategic deployment. New energy industry, the energy industry and the international competition for the development initiative an important Fulcrum; in today’s world, scientific and technological progress and innovation have become the primary factor in the development of productive forces, to seize the emerging industries of strategic commanding point in technology, it is a war for the future development of the initiative. Energy companies should follow the policy guidance, with policy support, enlarges to the layout of the new energy industry. Related of energy environmental industry to breakthrough energy efficient and Echelon using, and pollutants control and security disposal, and resources recycling and cycle using, key core technology, development efficient energy, and advanced environmental and resources cycle using of new equipment and products, implementation clean production and low carbon technology; new energy industry to development technology mature of nuclear power, and wind electric, and solar PV and hot using, and bio mass power, and biogas,. In the current environment is deteriorating, the Central case attaches great importance to environmental issues, energy companies in particular, to increase investment in energy conservation, environmental protection and related technology research and development, accelerate the development of energy saving and environmental protection industries. At the time of development of new energy industry, should not blindly follow investment rush in; energy companies must combine the characteristics of existing industries, technical reserves and the advantage of research and development, market demand trends, science into decision-making.

(This article written by SASAC Research Center researcher Hu Chi)

Original title: China Energy Enterprise Innovation way

Hina film revenue risks of excessive dependence on parent company’s market value is too high to save bubbles?

Polaris solar PV net news: according to the United Kingdom reported that Chinese film market value of 18 billion dollars, since the beginning of 2014 shares rose more than 3 times, but according to the survey, its sharp gains in some unusual practices behind. Independent analysts who “share Tan long hair” DavidWebb also refers to earlier this month, Chinese depended heavily on parent company, save bubble market value is too high.

In fact, Han Chinese thin film and its parent company can exist very close business ties between the Group and since 2010, who have almost all of 14.8 billion yuan to the parent company’s revenues come from sales of equipment. According to the Chinese film-2013 annual report shows, only 35% of those contracts have been settled, the remaining are classified as receivables. At present, the Hina group controls the Han 73% stake in the film.

Hina daimingfang, Chief Executive of recognition, Hina group solar cells manufactured this piece of the business of losing money. He said that receivables are so high, the main reason is that lack of most of their factories. But he believes that the business will generate large profits in the future, eventually there will be no problems, after a year or two you will see that a great company.

Original title: Chinese film revenue risks of excessive dependence on parent company’s market value is too high to save bubbles?

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From robot drones: Japan photovoltaic operation market booming

Polaris solar PV net news: Japan introduced feed-in tariff (FIT) program after just two years, newly installed photovoltaic capacity reached nearly 11GW. This amount is equivalent to introducing feed-in tariff twice times the cumulative installed capacity of 20 years ago. By July 2014 except 16.5GW installed PV power capacity, Japan FIT programme under the influence also has reserved nearly 70GW of photovoltaic installation.

While existing installed capacity in the non-residential market only accounted for a total capacity of 57%, but this section reached 96% per cent reserve capacity. The rapid growth of non-residential photovoltaic generation capacity, the Japan photovoltaic operation and maintenance (O&M) service’s hottest markets.

Before the research and consulting firm FujiKeizai is expected in the year 2020 Japan non-residential photovoltaic operation and maintenance market in 2013, on the basis of the quadruple. The research company forecast market growth by 2013 from 1.5 billion yen in 2020 to 8.2 billion yen, while operating the market will grow from 16.3 billion yen to 60.4 billion yen.

In order to meet the growing demand, cost and efficiency of operation and maintenance, Japan is committed to the development of high-tech products.

Sohgo security services companies, referred to as the ALSOK, is Japan’s leading provider of security services. The company’s large ground-mounted PV equipment in the field of security monitoring, the largest share of the market. “We at the fence line around are equipped with infrared thermal imaging system, as well as the Central Monitoring Center offers a monitoring service all over the country. We will monitor and test during construction for a module or copper wire thefts, as well as during operation whether Wildlife damaged wiring system. “HiroshiFujisawa ALSOK said.

Customers with ALSOK company approached and asked if we could provide the module services. With advanced robot on the basis of security, the company will expand its technology to “fly” robot–unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), also known as unmanned aerial vehicles–to inspect the panels from the air.

Robot equipped with a high-resolution and thermal imaging cameras to detect the failed module and a specific hot spot, hot spots can reduce power output. The company also uses aerial photographs to conduct on-site investigations and the use of drones to monitor construction progress of the independent operations. In the United States, San Francisco’s Skycatch for SolarCity and FirstSolar companies offer similar services.

ALSOK October launched the unmanned test service, is buying the company’s PV security services for clients. Compared with the helicopter aerial photography or manual inspection, use of large, distance drones in check when PV power generation field has a strong cost advantage.

Unmanned check solar modules. ALSOK provides.

“Check the capacity of 2MW components required flying for 15 minutes to collect relevant data, and manually then you need to take 3 hours,” Fujisawa said. Drones can fly for about 25 minutes after full charge, the company currently charges were 200,000–300,000 yen per flight. April 2015, the service will be open to all projects, including wind power projects.

PV cleaning robot Resola.Sinfonia Technology Co.,Ltd image:

There is another robot applies to Japan’s growing operation and maintenance market. Sinfonia technology company has developed a robot Resola, can make the water clean module surface.

Cleaning robot for installation on the ground is currently 5-20 degrees inclination angle Mono/polycrystalline silicon solar panel systems. Like the Roomba, equipped with an automatic navigation system, the installation of infrared sensor so that it follows a set path, and will not be dropped from the Panel.

Due to the photovoltaic power installed capacity increased dramatically in a short time, project developers realize that PV is no longer a free repair or even require quite a large amount of money to keep the system running properly and efficiently. The rapid development of Japan market, the quality and efficiency of operation and maintenance services for reduced operation and maintenance costs, improve production efficiency is of great and far-reaching significance.

National PV this year proposed new 15GW exceeded expectations

Polaris solar PV net news: informed sources, the National Energy Board recently issued a 2015 national scale grid-connected PV annual plans to add a table (draft for soliciting opinions), PV this year plans to add scale 15GW 14GW is higher than the previous year, rose by about 7.14%.

These people say, 2015 plan added 15GW, current comments, final results for the National Energy Board to confirm, or there is the possibility to fine-tune the 2015 plans to add size, ground station to 8GW, distributed PV 7GW (distributed PV roofs less than 3.15GW). The message was also confirmed by the PV enterprise level.

Industry analysts noted that the 2015 large photovoltaic power plant plans to add scale to 8GW 6GW last year, showed that in 2015 the ground station is still the mainstream; but it plans to add the 7GW means Distributed PV will be matured, and volume growth.

In 2014, the National Energy Board planned annual capacity of 14GW earlier, but, according to industry data, because the policy does not improve, annual actual installed capacity is only about 10-11GW. According to the data, installed this year to achieve its objectives, will show a large increase.

Large Chinese PV companies jinkosolar is expected, in places such as Central America under the sustained volume growth photovoltaic market, distributing market will gradually catch up with the station on the ground, 2015 global PV installed capacity is expected to remain positive growth, reached about 55GW.

Original title: national PV this year proposed new 15GW exceeded expectations

U.A.E. to create the world’s lowest-cost solar energy

Polaris solar PV net news: since the end of 2009, falling solar costs 75%, and still continued to slide in, renewable energy costs, led declines.

Reference to U.A.E., people first think of natural wealth in this country, as well as for its wealth of rich oil resources. This country has never been stingy to show the world its rich, extremely unique, luxurious high-rise buildings, paved with gold carpets almost became the country’s business card. But the way too bright light makes people ignore the U.A.E. equally can be luminous industries–solar energy. Now, in order to develop renewable energy, U.A.E. is determined to set another record, that is the lowest the price of solar power in the world.

Solar energy costs fall in 5 years 75%

The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) data shows that the last 5 years, solar power costs fell more than 75%, solar markets are booming, new projects are constantly emerging. As technology innovation, future, solar power has more space for lower prices.

IRENA has recently announced that the 2014 report on renewable electricity costs showed that renewable energy costs continue to fall, in many parts of the world have less than fossil fuel power generation costs. Among them, solar power costs dropped significantly. Since the end of 2009, falling solar costs 75%, and still continued to slide in, renewable energy costs, led declines.

In terms of solar energy, residential solar energy system nearly 70% prices are cheaper than in 2008; since 2010, utility solar power costs fell by 50% public solar power station from 2010 to 2014 total installation cost dropped by nearly 65%. In China, North and South America, utility solar power cost has been reduced to fossil-fuel power generation costs range, in the absence of financial support from its solar project price of us $ 0.08 per kWh of electricity. While the Middle East has been rapidly declining solar prices, have fallen to $ 0.06 per kWh.

In terms of wind power, in the absence of financial support, a single electricity price of $ 0.05 per kilowatt hour wind project, and fossil fuel power plant electricity price somewhere between 0.045 to 0.14 dollars. In Asia, the average price of approximately $ 0.06 per kWh of wind power, Africa US $ 0.09 per cent. Also has a competitive price for wind power projects in North America, average cost of us $ 0.07 per kWh.

But the report also pointed out that renewable energy improvement in prices is still not universal, cost range depends on the type of energy and the availability of financing. Currently, offshore wind and concentrated solar power (CSP) technology, deployment costs are still higher than fossil fuels, but still fall in the future, especially in the case of low-cost financing to achieve.

Past, the high cost is the biggest obstacle for renewable energy development, especially the U.A.E., with its oil-rich countries in the Middle East, is to the development of solar energy is of no interest. But in recent years, with the dramatic drop in the cost of solar energy, the industry entered the U.A.E. ‘s vision.

Solar project sought

Technology is changing the life of examples are not uncommon in contemporary society, this magic happens in the solar industry. U.A.E. solar industry although a late starter, but the momentum should not be underestimated. More items have been reported to the Dubai electricity and water authority (Dewa), reflects the industry’s competitiveness.

Closely watched solar Park in Dubai (MohammedbinRashidAlMaktoumsolarpark), 2 tenders there are 49 qualified independent power production developer participation upon completion of the review on the basis of 24 companies in the squad is selected. Enthusiasm of investors and developers would justify a U.A.E. solar market’s prospects look good. The first phase of the project was completed in October 2013, by United States first solar (FirstSolar) is responsible for the construction, maximum capacity of 13 MW. “Dubai’s comprehensive energy strategy 2030″ part, according to Dubai’s Supreme Council of energy plans to build. The solar Park has a total area of 40 square kilometers, according to the plan, after the completion of total maximum output of the photovoltaic power reached 1000 megawatts.

AlTayer Dewa officials said: “Dubai, Dubai Energy Commission 2030 comprehensive energy strategy’s goal is that by 2030, natural gas accounted for 71% of the total demand, plant 12%, clean coal 12%, solar 5%. Theme park is the largest renewable energy project in solar projects, investment reached 12 billion dirhams (about 3.3 billion US dollars). ”

Saudi AcwaPower the company’s first bid, won a 100-megawatt project, bid us $ 0.059 per kilowatt hour. Spain Fotowatio company and Dubai United Arab Emirates Masdar company are also given at very competitive prices. AcwaPower company said it will also continue to participate in the bidding for other items.

Dewa recently announced that a Saudi consortium of companies, access to the solar theme park project to the next stage of construction and operation contracts. Local media reported that the Consortium obtains a contract is an expansion project, is not a theme park to harvest the remaining project contracts. But the concern is, their bid was $ 0.058 per kilowatt-hour, solar power price is the lowest on record.

This means that the projects for the next 25 years will be US $ 0.058 per kilowatt-hour price to sell electricity to Dewa. As the current generating capacity accounted for U.A.E. 99% absolutely dominates the total electricity supply, natural gas generation in the U.A.E. is the price of 0.9 dollar per kilowatt hour. Solar power in the U.A.E. has not only can compete with other energy sources, but well below the cost of other energy-generated electricity.

PaddyPadmanathan, AcwaPower, said he believes solar power costs will continue to decline in the future. Head of IRENA AdnanAmin holds the same view. In his view, the falling cost of solar power will become the best factors to stimulate the development of solar energy industry. Amin said the U.A.E. solar theme park phase 2 bid and even a solar power prices low, mainly due to the change of financial structure in the field of renewable energy.

The past, renewable energy generation and price subsidies always inseparable. Now, renewable energy projects are less dependent on subsidies. Germany is the first to introduce renewable energy feed-in tariff of country. By setting a price to ensure that investors and the interests of the renewable energy electricity supply. But bidding mechanism is to allow independent power producers to set their own prices and final prices were the lowest. As its name suggests, bidding mechanism to create a competitive atmosphere, allow companies to devote every effort to create the item with the lowest price.

When the Acwa bid price was announced, the international community in an uproar. No one can think of solar power can be so substantial cost reductions, minimum project costs prior to appear in Brazil, to us $ 0.08 per kWh. “Whether it is in the U.A.E. and other countries through bidding mechanisms, has this trend started to appear. Economics and feasibility of renewable energy projects are being upgraded. “Amin said.

Original title: U.A.E. to create the world’s lowest-cost solar energy

Concord new energy 615.5MW 2015 2014 and the network continues to punch

Polaris solar PV net news: on January 27, 2014, GCL energy announced that as of December 31, 2014, the company reported they made the total grid-connected capacity doubling and network licenses of 615.5 MW. As of January 27, 2015 in 2015, new completion of 52.0 MW of grid-connected capacity. Total on-grid capacity 667.5 megawatts, while new has started projects for 541 MW.

667.5 total MW grid-connected capacity is broken down as follows:

· The 160 MW in Inner Mongolia, 150 MW in Jiangsu, 110 MW in Shanxi, 100 MW in Qinghai, 80 MW in Xinjiang, Sichuan and 17.5 MW 50 MW in Zhejiang;

· Of which 606 megawatts for large power stations and 61.5 MW distributed generation;

· 567.5 megawatts through joint development, 100 MW through acquisitions.

With 541 MW has started projects broken down as follows:

· 150 MW in Shaanxi, 130 megawatts in Ningxia, Inner Mongolia 81 megawatts and 50 megawatts in Hebei, 50 megawatts in Hainan, a 50 MW and 30 MW in Xinjiang, Qinghai province;

· 541 MW for large power stations.

In addition, the company and the Xuzhou GCL in August 22, 2014, a management services agreement, the former for the latter’s photovoltaic solar power plant of its subsidiary to provide operations and management services, photovoltaic solar power plants 353 MW of installed capacity.

Target 2015-17 and strategies clearly identify, independently developed steps to speed up

In 2014, the GCL energy mainly take the form of joint development and acquisition projects have been built to expand and grow in the future, will further increase in the share of independent development. At present, the GCL new energy has set up an investment and development company in the country more than 20 provinces, distributed and independent development teams have been constituted.

Based on Association Xin group holding limited (“Association Xin group”) as China maximum private power group and the poly Association Xin as global maximum PV manufacturing enterprise of support, Association Xin new energy will established excellent of PV station project design, and supply chain, and engineering management, and and the shipped dimension linkage information management platform; through big data analysis, and design optimization, and concentrated supply chain tube controlled, and and the automation shipped dimension control system, not only ensure has project fast Security Executive, more will sharply upgrade PV station quality and the long-term operating efficiency.

According to the plan, GCL new energy in 2015 year target added parallel Web 2.0 gigawatts of installed capacity. By the end of 2015, total running on-grid capacity is expected to reach approximately 2,600 megawatts. 2016,2017 full year targets new parallel network capacity was 2.5 GW and 3.0 gigawatts.

Added parallel network projects for the future, the company will continue to focus on large power projects, but will also consider expanding into other high-growth industry areas, such as distributed generation. China will remain the core development areas, and could expand into other high-growth emerging markets.

Strong combination of financial platform stability

GCL diversification of funding sources for new energy projects, including loans, short-term loans, lease financing, overseas financing. Superior quality company power station, combined with the listed platforms, linkage, innovation at home and abroad, building a sound financial platform.

GCL energy last year achieved significant success in foreign finance. On December 24, 2014, the company signed with BOC international leveraged and structured finance limited recycling of 80 million dollars loan agreement to GCL solar power new energy provides the working capital and financing. This is the first based on the solvency of the project itself, do not need loan guarantees, renewable solar power station, solar power fill from construction stage to plant and the network financing in place before funding needs, for the sustainable development of the company provides a platform for innovative joint financing both inside and outside. Companies have also set up a fund management company, and banks and other financial institutions, plans to set up a fund to support rapid and sustainable development of the company in and outside.

Original title: GCL 615.5MW,2015 new energy in 2014 and the network continues to punch

Why are cell light attenuation factors are there?

Polaris solar PV net news: 1.0 introduction

Solar module production is complete, power test, the power properly, but the customer receives the component, installation and operation when power is bigger. This phenomenon is mostly due to the battery caused by patches of light attenuation. This system, simply explains the photoinduced degradation phenomena.

2.0 light attenuation

PV modules light-induced attenuation can be divided into two stages: initial decay and aging caused by the decay.

1. the initial light attenuation

Initial light attenuation, the power output of the photovoltaic modules started using large margin decline occurring within the first few days, but then leveled off. Led the major reasons of this phenomenon is the p-type (boron-doped) crystalline silicon boron-oxygen complexes reduce minority carrier lifetime. By changing the p-type dopant, using grain instead of b can effectively reduce the attenuation of light; or pre-cell light treatment is the initial battery light attenuation occurs before the component manufacturing, photovoltaic modules of initial light attenuation can be controlled in a very small range, while also increasing component of output stability.

Attenuation of light more relevant to solar cell manufacturers, component manufacturer’s significance lies in the choice of batteries to reduce the impact of photo-induced attenuation.

2. aging decay

Aging degradation refers to the extremely slow appear in the long-term use of power is reduced, the main reasons associated with the battery slowly decay, also related to packaging material degradation. UV irradiation causes the component to the main material of the main cause of performance degradation. The prolonged exposure of ultraviolet light, EVA and backplane (TPE structure) yellowing phenomenon of ageing, lead to decreased transmittance components, thereby causing a power loss.

This requires that component manufacturers in select when EVA and back plate, must be strictly selected material must be excellent in anti-aging properties to reduce auxiliary power attenuation caused by aging components.

3.0 light attenuation mechanism

P-type (boron-doped) early light-induced attenuation of crystalline silicon solar cells is observed in more than 30 years ago, and people have done a lot of research. Especially in recent years, scientific studies show that it is associated with the boron in silicon and oxygen concentration, everyone is basically the same view is light or current human causes of boron in silicon and oxygen to form boron-oxygen complexes in order to reduce minority carrier lifetime, but after annealing, minority carrier lifetime and can be restored, its possible reaction is:

According to the literature, wafer containing boron and oxygen after passing through the illumination of its minority carrier lifetime can occur at different levels of attenuation, Silicon boron, oxygen, the greater, in light or current human condition in which the body produces more boron-oxygen complexes, the minority carrier lifetime, the greater the size of the decline. Whereas in low oxygen, mixed crops, phosphorus-doped silicon, which increased minority carrier lifetime with illumination time, overall attenuation is minimal.

4.0 solutions

4.1 improve the quality of Silicon single crystal

Early photo-induced attenuation of solar cell performance occurs mainly in single crystalline silicon solar cells, multicrystalline silicon solar cells, early light-induced attenuation of its conversion efficiency is very small. Evidently wafer itself is determined by the nature of the early photo-induced attenuation of solar cell performance. So to solve the early photo-induced attenuation of photovoltaic modules. Will solve Silicon problems must be made. Below, several programmes were discussed.

A, improving the quality of p-type boron-doped Czochralski Silicon rod

Some of the quality of the Crystal wand is indeed worrying, if it did not significantly change this situation would seriously affect the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry in boron-doped Czochralski single crystal main existing problems and improvement measures in the product:

1) due to shortage of original high-purity polycrystalline silicon material mixed some great companies instead use base of phosphorus and other harmful impurities content is high quality Silicon material. Use of such materials in the production of solar cells is not only inefficient, but earlier light attenuation induced by large. We strongly urge not to use low-quality Silicon material.

2) in high-purity polycrystalline silicon material of people of low-resistivity n-type doped Silicon Hong IC used N-type silicon wafers, etc. Of boron-doped CZ silicon rods are manufactured by a p-type single crystal materials with high compensation. Resistivity of fit, but boron-oxygen concentration is very high resulting in a solar cell performance appears relatively early optical attenuation. We strongly urge not to use low-resistivity n-type silicon materials.

3) some companies pull rods process does not pass, in crystalline silicon and oxygen with high content of internal stress and dislocation defect density, resistivity is uneven, and stability has a direct impact on the efficiency of solar cells. We hope to improve Rod drawing technology. Control of oxygen content.

Above mentioned wafers for silicon solar cells have a more significant early light-induced attenuation of, beyond the scope of acceptable to the customer. Czochralski monocrystalline technology is very mature, and as long as we keep the good materials quality control, through normal drawn Rod production technology, quality of Silicon rods can be better controlled. Atlas you 构词成分。 I’m climbing he climbed 构词成分。 Xiang lang

B technology, using magnetic Czochralski silicon crystals (MCZ) improved Silicon Rod product quality

This technology can not only control the oxygen concentration in the Crystal, also longitudinal, radial resistivity single crystal silica uniformity improvement of this process have been in some great company for trial.

C, using zone melting monocrystalline silicon technology (FZ) improved Silicon Rod product quality

Zone melting monocrystalline silicon technology avoids the Czochralski process large amounts of oxygen into the inherent defects of silicon crystals, which completely solved the p-type (boron-doped) the early photo-induced attenuation of solar cells. FZ technology cost is higher, mainly used in wafer manufacture of IC and other semiconductor devices, but some companies have related modifications to FZ process, reducing costs. Suitable for the manufacture of wafers for solar cells. Pull rods in the country the company has carried out a trial of this work

D, changes doping agent, replaced by Gallium and boron

Made of grain doped silicon cell, found no early light-induced attenuation of solar cells and solution to the early photo-induced attenuation of solar cells is one of.

E, using the p-doped n-type silicon wafers instead of boron-doped p-type Silicon

GAO wafer battery light-induced attenuation of first one way, but judging from the current screen printed letters patent for the industrialization of battery technology, Gao cell conversion efficiency and manufacturing cost advantage is now found on some key technology to be resolved

4.2, previously the cell light attenuation

Because early light-induced attenuation of the PV modules is the result of early battery light attenuation, attenuation of solar cell illumination and makes early light attenuation occurs before the component manufacturing. Early photo-induced attenuation of PV modules are very small, completely within measurement error. But also significantly reduce the PV modules chances of hot spots.

5.0 summary

Improved the stability of output of PV modules, bringing more benefits to our customers.

Despite light attenuation is a way to mend, but in silico prior to improvements in quality have not been effective, uses this method to be effective measures to address early photo-induced attenuation in PV modules.

Original title: why are cell light attenuation factors are there?

New energy development which concern: the increase in installed capacity, inefficient

Polaris solar PV net news: 2014, China’s emerging energy installed capacity and average utilization hours contrary to rising and falling trends.

Figures released from the National Energy Board, in 2014, China’s nuclear power installed capacity rose 36.1%, average utilization hours reduced 385 hours; wind power installed capacity rose 25.6%, average utilization hours reduced to 120 hours. According to the China electric power Development Association Secretary-General Jiang Shaojun measure, in the case of solar installed capacity grew by 67%, using fewer hours on average about 240 hours.

Why the development new energy there a decline in the efficiency of power generation at the same time? Newspaper journalists of the doubts many interviews with people in the industry.

China energy strategy Research Institute Director Zhou Dadi told this reporter: “seeing substantial growth in our non-fossil fuel generation capacity at the same time, should pay more attention to the reality of high efficiency of renewable electricity. Especially in the macroeconomic climate, the slowdown in electricity demand, under the combined effect of increasing pressure on resources and environment, and effectively improve the clean energy power generation efficiency has become the present priority issues in the field of energy. ”

Increased focus on power supply and demand

Data show that China in 2014, new power generation capacity of 103.5 million-kilowatt. Among them, the solar-powered 67%, grid-connected capacity up to 26.52 million-kilowatt. Nuclear power 36.1%, with capacity of 19.88 million-kilowatt. Wind power grew by 25.6%, with capacity of 95.81 million-kilowatt. Under the new energy capacity and rapid growth, industry experts also expressed their concern.

China energy strategy Research Institute Director Zhou Dadi, told this reporter, said: “based on the developing situation in China at the present stage, the Government plans to try to downplay the idea of improving quantitative quantitative total capacity, improve. Due to forecasts of demand for energy in China in the past are developed according to high standards, with the economic restructuring and adjustment, society’s energy needs were lower than originally envisaged. “On January 21, the National Energy Board’s” 2014 national 6,000-kilowatt and above average utilization hours of power generation equipment “(hereinafter” the average utilization hours of “) and other data illustrates this reality. Figures show in 2014, 6,000-kilowatt and above average utilization hours of 4,286 hour of power generation equipment, down 235 hours. Among them, the average utilization hours of 7,489 hours of nuclear power, reduction of 385 hours wind average utilization hours 1905 hours, reduced to 120 hours.

Taking into account the balance between electricity supply and demand on this issue, in accordance with the logic of the original already seemed outdated. Total amount of unilateral emphasis on generating equipment, desert wind and neglect, abandon aggravation phenomenon such as light, water, resulting in decreased average utilization hours of power generating equipment, it is meaningless.

Zhou Dadi stressed: “power supply is demand determined. After the construction of a massive increase in power, and by encouraging and stimulating, such as increasing the consumption of electricity, to increase social resources and environmental burden of the logic is wrong.

Especially in some areas by up to stimulate economic development in the energy sector, it is not advocating that. ”

Greater focus on new energy efficiency

After combing the logical relationship between electricity demand and supply, in times of slowing growth in demand for electricity, then in power in how to choose? As early as January 1, 2006 the renewable energies Act has been enacted to give a definite answer: renewable energy generation, power grid enterprises shall, in accordance with such requirements to ensure that renewable energy generation full Internet access. But the reality is not the case, power demand slowed, after excess power, clean energy generation space was occupied by the traditional power of nature. 2014 average utilization hours reduced to 385 hours of nuclear power; wind power using fewer hours on average 120 hours, have their own objective reasons, subjective factors there are also common.

2014, China’s overall poor wind resource becomes the cause of lower average utilization hours of wind power, desert wind, however, abandoned the light has not been radical became clean energy generation limited subjective reasons.

It is understood that in 2014, China’s new million-kilowatt nuclear power plant put into operation a total of five, in original 17 nuclear units to complete the total generating capacity is essentially the same case, consists of 22 units completed, the average utilization hours of nuclear power units will naturally decrease. Coupled with the macro-economic situation have an impact on electricity demand, a smaller cake, cut natural proportion to the nuclear part of the smaller unit average utilization hours reduced to 385 hours you will understand. Nuclear expert Zhang Lu Qing on average utilization hours of nuclear power units to reduce the above analysis.

This is not a small question of how to cut the cake, the situation of slowdown in electricity demand, pollution from fossil energy for power generation can be controlled manually, and desert wind, abandoning the behavior of light is a waste of renewable energy. According to the law on renewable energy, when electricity demand is reduced, through curbs on fossil fuel power generation to reduce the burden on resources and environment, rather than through the allocation to reduce clean-energy efficiency in energy generation, this phenomenon should be paid enough attention in the industry.

The release of “the average utilization hours of” data, not statistics the situation for solar power. Jiang Shaojun told reporters: “according to official data, solar power generation capacity has exceeded the ‘ Twelve-Five ‘ planned objectives. Have been extrapolated, in 2014 when the solar power capacity of about 26 billion-kilowatt, is better than the ‘ Twelve-Five ‘ when planning 25 billion-kilowatt, 2014 average utilization hours of solar power at approximately 1100 hours. ”

Integrated coal and new energy development

Attention power generation, the pursuit of power generation efficiency point of consensus in the industry, especially in the current national resources and the environment under increasing pressure, attention to emerging energy generating capacity, enhance the effectiveness of renewable electricity to become the industry’s consistent demands.

Entered in January, Huaneng, Datang renewable energy, China Longyuan power released in 2014, generating capacity of three new energy listed companies announcement, total capacity up to two of the three companies fell. “Small wind year” and abandon wind power influences, while Huaneng new energy wind power generating capacity of 11675171.9 MW, an increase of 4.8%; while Datang renewable energy wind power generating capacity of 10114489 MW, a decrease of 5.51%; 5.28% Longyuan wind power growth.

“Ensure complete 2014 annual energy output indicators” slogan became a couple of new energy listed company’s concerted effort to target in the fourth quarter of last year. Many initiatives such as multiple, fast backward capacity in the third quarter before eventually dragged back to annual electricity generation reaching baseline. It is understood that the first three quarters of last year, China Longyuan power, Datang, Huaneng new energy power generation compared to the same period have declined. The first three quarters of last year, China Longyuan electric power generation declined 4.65%; Datang renewable energy down 9.61%; Huaneng fell 1.6%.

Compared with the improved power output for a short time, however, new energy listed companies ‘ profit margins narrowed, the trend has hardly changed at all.

December 25, 2014 national energy work Conference stressed that in 2015, earnestly do well in coal, electricity, oil and gas equipment manufacturing, new energy, planning, special planning and energy planning interface. Focus on electric power development plan, highlighting the integrated power grid development, coal and electricity and the development of clean energy, power generation and scheduling, power base and important power channel layout.

Original title: new energy development which concern: the increase in installed capacity, inefficient