PV poverty alleviation work in the related provinces count

Polaris solar PV net news: October 17, 2014, National Energy Board, the State Council leading group of poverty alleviation and Development Office jointly issued the Declaration on implementation of PV work programme on poverty alleviation project (hereinafter programmes), the programme proposed, in Ningxia, Anhui, Shanxi, Hebei, Gansu and Qinghai provinces and more than 30 counties first photovoltaic pilot. On orders issued this year by the year 2015 PV implementation programmes to inform clearly, Anhui 400,000-kilowatt dedicated to photovoltaic pilot counties for poverty alleviation will be supporting PV projects. Hebei 300,000-kilowatt, 250,000-kilowatt in Gansu, Shanxi and Ningxia were 200,000-kilowatt, Qinghai 150,000-kilowatt, amounts to 1.5 GW.

At present, under the national policy to promote positive support and market, has been a thriving situation of China PV industry development. Photovoltaic power generation not only sent in many areas of clean energy, has also become a new way of poverty alleviation. This year is the second year of implementation of the programme, which counts PV work done by the poor in the relevant provinces.

Ningxia:

In 2015, the photovoltaic pilot project for poverty alleviation in Ningxia is expected to total investment of 510 million Yuan, involving haiyuan County and 9 counties (districts) 18 impoverished village and eco-Yi min Cun, 12948 households. Dianzi construction of pilot project to enterprise, national and regional policies to support and encourage farmers, especially the poor buy back power station property and shares, the regional award in enterprise mode of operation according to the implementation.

State the relevant person in charge: “included in the pilot’s poor electricity at no cost, sales revenue, increase profit directly in the construction of distributed solar power projects, joint stock dividends benefit in the project. ”

In accordance with the implementation plan, photovoltaic pilot project for poverty alleviation in Ningxia will begin before the end of June a comprehensive construction and completed before the end of October, grid, households can reap the benefits that year. On a pilot basis, photovoltaic projects for poverty alleviation plan will be started.

Anhui:

Anhui Province, a pioneer PV poverty 2015 2015 Anhui provincial Department of finance be released first batch of special financial aid funds to 1.105 billion yuan to the county-level financial support throughout the annual task of 750,000 people out of poverty. PV poverty 2015 Anhui Province is one of the main tasks for poverty alleviation, Anhui provincial Department of Finance says, supports the implementation of PV for poverty alleviation. Actively cooperate with provincial poverty alleviation Office, Energy Department to actively seek national photovoltaic pilot project for poverty alleviation. Optimization and adjustment of structure of use of funds for poverty alleviation, arranging funds to support the 5 counties of autonomous photovoltaic pilot project for poverty alleviation.

2015, Anhui province plans in yuexi County 188 a villages, and neighborhood, 65 a built document state card of poverty village, and 12 a province first better village focus demonstration village and 22 a provincial better village construction village can applications construction village collective PV station, each village (neighborhood) intends construction 60-kilowatt small distributed PV station, each village (neighborhood) inputs about 480,000 yuan, in 20-25 years within annually achieved power income 60,000 yuan around, removed interest actual can years increased net income 20,000-30,000 yuan.

Shanxi:

Poor areas of Shanxi province, the vast majority of light can be resourced-barren slopes wide, now also has formed a certain scale of facility agriculture and construction of photovoltaic power plant has a unique advantage.

2015, Shanxi province will linfen, and Datong cities of fenxi, and daning, and Jixian, and Tianzhen, and hunyuan 5 a counties as PV pro-poor pilot County, in each county determines 10 a built document state card poverty village, total 50 a village first started 100-kilowatt distributed PV station pilot work, each pilot village province in according to 500,000 yuan of standard, total arrangements 25 million Yuan whole village advance pro-poor funds, for PV station project construction subsidies; Support both enterprise-barren slopes and agricultural facilities in 1-2 more than 10 megawatts of terrestrial concentrated PV plants.

At present, the 50 pilot villages of 100-kilowatt photovoltaic power plant construction has started, of which 10 villages have been built, grid-connected 3 village has produced gains, the pilot counties to support terrestrial concentrated PV project demonstration enterprises construction planning, financing, land have all been implemented.

Poverty, linfen city, Shanxi province, as the larger regions, creatively organic combination of poverty alleviation and development and photovoltaic applications, making full use of lighting resources in poor areas, lead in the photovoltaic project for poverty alleviation, exploring new ways to help rural poor poverty. At present the city has launched 10 pilot projects, all the design criteria for 100-kilowatt, which built power plants 7 to achieve grid has 5, nearly more than 130,000 kWh total power generation.

Wang Liwei, Director of the Shanxi provincial poverty alleviation Office believes that implementation of PV poverty not only accurate poverty alleviation requirements can be implemented so that poor people benefit directly, but also can promote the growth of investment in poor areas, and promoting regional economic development, is a current Lee, and profit in the long run, both facilitate poverty alleviation, and development of good projects.

Hebei:

According to the National Energy Board, the poverty alleviation Office of the State Council jointly issued the agreement on implementation of PV work programme on poverty alleviation projects, Hebei quyang, hiraizumi, Akagi, Hirayama, lincheng, julu County finalists first photovoltaic pilot, implementation of the “PV poverty” project. Hebei province published the programme for the implementation of distributed PV key demonstration village and the best photovoltaic demonstration project of agricultural implement views of the village, now select the total scale of 2 villages 1 MW pilot.

The beginning of the year, PV, “home” will override State card a poor village of quyang 166 files, and in accordance with the annual rate of 10,000 homes built by 2017, and strive to achieve full coverage. After the project is fully implemented, with 30,000 households can annually produce 195 million kWh to achieve increase of 78 million Yuan, the County’s more than half of the poverty population will thus dump poorest hat.

Gansu:

Gansu province by 2015 in tongwei County, County water, Dongxiang, lintan County, Li, minle PV poverty alleviation pilot project work. According to general principles guidance of Government support, farmers volunteered to advance. Provincial, municipal and county levels, according to the provincial plan, municipal government coordination, districts as the implementation of the mainstay Division of responsibility. Expected within 20-25 years after the project is completed, project poor income every year, long-term benefits.

Pilot scale for each counties no less than 200, installed capacity of 3-kilowatt per household. Taken overall, in village, and one-off cover eligible households in the village. Poor choice to be open and fair.

In terms of income distribution in accordance with the following: waiving the self-funded for the loan and be subsidized by the provincial financial aid funds. Construction of Government support and the way farmers raise, in principle all income from electricity sales to households of all; construction of market-oriented funding, allocated according to market principles, in principle, the specific allocation proposed by the counties.

Qinghai:

Qinghai in 2015 will be pushing PV anti-poverty projects, planned capital of 100 million Yuan, and through a combination of government investment, corporate finance, in 7 counties in the 30 poor villages develop photovoltaic pilot project for poverty alleviation, for every poor investment of about 25000, guarantee the poor terms of electricity and increase the income of poor households by means of power sold.

Shaanxi:

Shaanxi Province in 2015 will be selected from each city a work based, high enthusiasm for participating in the County (district) photovoltaic pilot project for poverty alleviation. Each district selects 1-2 a deeper level of poverty, mass enthusiasm and concentration of a certain scale of relocation settlements or poor village pilot. Construction began in the second half, built and put into use by the end of it.

PV anti-poverty projects in accordance with the “Government guidance, farmer participation and market operation, proceeds to” work, adhere to the principle of social mobilization and work together to advance, taking a variety of inputs. Each pilot counties put in a certain amount of financial aid funds at the provincial level, according to 30% per cent of total investment subsidies, the remaining firms inputs, farmers has a stake, including raising funds, specific funding and participation in the manner to be determined by the counties themselves.

Income distribution, distributed according to the following principles: (a) for storage of photovoltaic equipment rental rents of surrounding slopes, wastelands and roofs. This fixed income, generally charged on a per square metre per year. (B) the disposable income of local unskilled workers during the construction of photovoltaic power station. (C) photovoltaic power plant is completed, to ensure normal operation of the equipment priority to poor participation in the management and maintenance of wage income. (D) settlements in photovoltaic output eliminate line loss of normal operation and maintenance costs, and a variety of tax, as funding for poverty alleviation and the proportion of poor shareholder received a dividend yield. Invested funds in the province as a poor stock, earnings have poor ownership.

Original title: PV: helping poor people dump poorest Hat

Hareon cash dividend commitments proposed for every 10 shares converted into 20 shares

Polaris solar PV net news: over the years, the high transfer is sought after topic of capital markets, and launched the high transfer of listed companies so as market buzz, and 2014 annual dividend of listed companies in the near future transfer scheme entered a period of intense, high-transfer-related stocks also shone. Among them, the concern is already high dividend and transfer of stock of a turnround hareon.

Hareon May 28 announcement said, will be implemented for every 10 shares converted into 20 shares. Before his formal cash dividend commitments.

Previously, on January 23, 2015, hareon said in a statement, shareholder, Chairman and Managing Director of the company YANGHUAIJIN (Yang Huaijin) and two other shareholders, Jiangyin jiurun pipe industry company limited, Jiangsu zijin group to propose to the company’s Board of Directors, hareon 2014-plans for distribution of profits and capital reserve increase equity in base hareon December 31, 2014, share capital of 1,574,978,384 shares, Capital reserve fund for every 10 shares to all shareholders turning 20 shares.

Announcement, hareon also said the company’s Board of directors after receiving the above profit distribution proposal, to live and communicate the means of communication with the company’s Board of Directors all directors, directors YANGHUAIJIN (Yang Huaijin), Li Yanren, and Ren Xiangdong, and Wu Yishan, and Zhang Yongxin, Zhang, Hong Dongping, Jin Caoxin, Xu Xiaoping all known and agreed to the proposal of profit distribution. All Directors sign a written confirmation, and promised at the time of convening the Board of Directors of the company consider the above proposal of profit distribution to vote.

Subsequently, the high-transfer programmes have Melaleuca. Hareon become topics of high dividend and transfer of stocks of the main character, but as the company released first-quarter results profit, plus the 13th night, hareon said in a statement the proposed with integrated photovoltaic Group signature 930 MW of PV power station project investment cooperation framework agreement, tentative about the total transaction price of 8.8 billion yuan. Transfer complete company capital returns and profit growth will have a positive impact. The announcement shows that the agreement includes hareon located in wuan, keping and Pishan 17 regional projects. PV group of counterparty limited for new energy investment group limited company, focused on investment, development and operation of solar PV power station platform. All the conditions for cooperation are required before December 10, 2015 can be met. At this point, hareon established the overall upward trend, value investing show, their high transfer scheme has been launched to the market expectations.

Qian Tao Wan Lu though, blowing sand started to gold. High dividend and transfer of bonus distribution starts, hareon future worth looking forward to.

Original title: high value transfer of red packets distributed to start locked hareon

Manz: integration solutions racing high performance PV module market

Polaris solar PV net news: (reporter Chen Yanqing) PV modules are subject of PV power generation, assume the burden of power. According to the relevant statistics over the next five years, photovoltaic manufacture and supply end-market standard crystalline silicon using conventional solar wafer manufacturing technology, using high quality silicon manufacturing technology of high efficiency crystalline silicon and thin-film technology it three.

Reference solar cell technology, can not help but think of disturbing the Fiery crystalline silicon and thin film of last year’s mainstream battle, two technology companies nu-brush, in order to get the industry to respond. For each hold two technology enterprises, talk about who are the main problems to avoid some bias. Then for a company that holds two technology companies is how to treat this problem? This reporter interviewed the Manz group Germany Corporation solar sales VP, IN-JEA LEE.

Efficient components turned out to seize the domestic PV market

IN-JEA LEE agrees with crystalline silicon is the mainstream this view. He thought the now traditional technology probably accounts for only a small part of the film, crystalline silicon is by far the largest master, crystalline silicon is still the mainstream within the next few years. Most crystalline silicon process and materials have already been standardized, so that industry can continue to flourish, to reduce costs. Contrast thin-film technology is still at the manufacturers each have their own different techniques, except for CIGS, other technologies make the process flow and production equipment, materials, cannot be standardized, so as to not able to reduce the overall cost. However, crystalline silicon technology profits is not too large, so in the future, only those who know how to control the cost of the manufacturer, or relatively high efficiency of manufacturers can survive.

Regardless of the route of two crystalline silicon and thin film technology is a brother or a competitor, Silicon is the mainstream position within a short time will not be secure. And in recent years other Silicon products–efficient components quickly became popular and let people see the potential for amorphous silicon solar cell development. According to understanding, efficient component is not refers to directly reduced PV battery pieces of cost, its real of value is, improve conversion efficiency let by needed battery Board reduced, thus not only narrowed PV power system of accounted for to area, and can reduced station using of auxiliary material, as bracket, and cable of cost, installation battery pieces by needed of high artificial cost also to reduced, makes high wattage security lights number component overall Shang more has cost advantage.

EnergyTrend has made it clear that energy think tanks: mastering techniques, must be a key factor in PV manufacturing enterprises to survive or grow. Well-known PV market research firm Solarbuzz also said in its annual report released in March 2015 “efficiency of crystalline silicon solar cells is expected to take a bigger share of the market, vendor market will grow 200%”. High performance components are highly sought after, Suntech, longi shares, Li Tenghui and other manufacturers have launched efficient components in projects, landing the PV market.

EnergyTrend points out in a study by 2014, 1-2 years in the future, efficient techniques such as PERC, n-type single crystal component technologies are the focus of concern. It is understood that Germany Manz group product line also involves the area of high performance components, Manz offers the industry’s leading cSi production solutions, average efficiency of up to 20.6% of the PERC battery.

Total solution cost reduction, efficiency

Reduce costs and improve power generation efficiency is the goal of every photovoltaic business pursuit. IN-JEALEE thinks, whether it’s reducing costs or increasing efficiency, should not focus on only one. Due to the evolution of the photovoltaic industry is very fast, if confined to the lower cost, and does not promote efficiency, after a period of time, and focus only on low-cost products marketed has no way, so it must find ways to improve conversion efficiency while controlling costs, so to keep up with the industry in the future.

IN-JEA LEE says Manz ya-Chi’s idea is to provide customers with PERC efficient battery production total solution, allows customers to online upgrade in the original production, rather than to expect customers to purchase a new product line. MANZ PERC production solutions, including the market’s most efficient battery passivation coating technology and laser fire back hole technology can help customers improve their efficiency. Manz is the only one able to provide back passivation coating for the PERC battery production equipment with laser equipment company with openings and therefore have certain cost advantages. To help customers improve efficiency at the same time, but also a way to reduce production costs, because the customer only needs to upgrade its production line equipment, and without the need to buy a new product line.

Full service technical support

Manz on crystalline silicon technology, mainly focusing on battery production, Manz solutions, devices used throughout the manufacturing process. “From the first to the last station of line accounts, including a starting material inspection, image processing, measurement processing and so on. Manz provided in wet etch tank inside PECVD loading and unloading systems. Next, screen-printed on the back end link, Manz also provides a screen printing or screen printing technical support twice. Last stop of the sorting links separator image processing needs to be done, make electrical measurements and some fragments of the testing, these are done by Manz team. “IN-JEA LEE said. Currently, Manz also has opened the PECVD technique, laser technology, as well as backside wet etching of polished, these devices are currently offered by Manz in crystalline silicon solar equipment.

In addition to their own production equipment, Manz also actively cooperate with other academic and research institutions, using some external resources to enhance their product’s technology. IN-JEA LEE says Manz on top of the technological equipment in the future, will provide clients with high quality solutions.

Whether in rural rooftop PV endures long after?

Polaris solar PV net news: in recent years, distributed PV in China wind, State advocate and support the development of distributed PV new energy, launched the new deal in all regions, popular distributed photovoltaic power plant. PV companies and practitioners are also quite bullish on distributed PV and estimating future scenarios of distributed PV market is very high, said it was an important way out for solving the bottleneck of energy, is to adjust the energy structure and an important magic weapon, domestic roof rack for distributed solar power station in the future, everyone is generating … … Along with that, distributed PV and popularity in various parts of the building, distributed PV audience levels rise, the people of distributed PV noted with satisfaction that, in his roof-mounted solar power panels. Along with promotion of distributed PV and PV pro-poor policy guidelines, many rural roof began to build a photovoltaic power station, “PV village campaign” kicked off this. Distributed PV solar component, converts solar energy into electrical energy and power solutions. The pattern advocates “spontaneously, for personal use, residual on-line”, is improving in China’s energy structure, the important way to relieve environmental pressures. However, the din of distributed generation in the industry questioned, saying that “jiaxing distributed photovoltaic mode” its essence is burning cash subsidies, “vanity project”, distributed PV dilemma, and met a lot of holes. So, for most backward economy and ecological environment in rural areas, it also has its own set of woes, whether through many difficulties, through a deep pit then? This becomes the most questions worth pondering.

First, in rural areas the current

Status quo: “kongkecun” appeared in large numbers.

Since reform and opening up, a large number of transfer of rural population to urban areas, their livelihood, for marriage, for their children’s education, and had to leave the countryside, to the good town, or work, or business, or traveling, or school or residency. There are flickers in the past, some are forced by family, some are attracted to the outside world, some are reading for school … … In 2010, the sixth national census data show, living in the village has a population of 674149546 people, accounting for 50.32%. Compared with the 2000 compared to the fifth national census, rural depopulation and 133237289. The shrinking population-where is it? In addition to natural deaths and other accidents killed, large segments of the population have gone to cities and towns. In short, in this part, and went out, you never want to go back to the countryside when farmers.

Due to the rural exodus, which makes the rural population decline, led directly to the rural collective economic downturn, “Wei Hui, empty-nest”, the disappearance of rural schools, a large number of land barren, House collapse ruined rural cultural landscape and natural extinction, mostly widows, women and children left behind remnants of the weak, “empty nest” elderly and the left-behind children apparent. With the passage of time, large numbers of young people settle, marry and have children on the outside, and also received a residence for the elderly lived. Some young people also hire themselves out, not to come back for a long time, family reasons, also put the old man’s wife and children to work to live … … But in some cases it is due to move in search of better living conditions in rural areas, they collectively discuss moving together, not willing to move only to stay in the village.

Situation two: disappearing countryside.

According to statistics, in 2000, there are 3.6 million villages nationwide, and by the year 2010, villages were reduced to 2.7 million. Ten years to reduce 300,000 villages a day reduce 300 villages. This is a very scary data, think at this rate, 2.7 million villages can live how long? 90 years later, no more villages to speak of, this is not alarmist talk.

Population outflow led to emergence of kongkecun and because of natural disasters caused by the destruction of the village, which is overwhelming. However, there are done deliberately for the people like war, demolition, etc. In peace and war is extremely rare, except for some occasional disturbances in border areas, and massacred in the village of terrorists and lawless elements outside, being human is a large area of the end for the demolition.

In accordance with the normal social order, demolition is the inevitable product of urbanization, as well as with the construction of new countryside and village construction work are being carried out that part of the construction or repair or demolition. But many local officials in the record, does not take into account rural and farmer’s actual situation, several villages merged into a single central village, and a large area of the demolition, land occupied by villagers forfeited to the Government. They can’t move their land, started playing attention of the Homestead, built in village and town buildings, let farmers live in high-rise buildings, think that this is the new rural construction. Original rural compound, you can grow vegetables for chicken, and debris piled up … … Now, has to climb the stairs, debris piled up nowhere. If breeding poultry I want to grow some vegetables and fruits have no place. Moreover, 108,000 miles apart buildings and farmland in some places, farmers farm would go sit and motorbikes and other means of transport, it is a waste of manpower and financial resources. And the nail House, farmers who wanted to stay in the village, but be faced with falling prey to the lives, property, and safety is not guaranteed.

For this reason, if you want to install a solar panel, fits in 20 years? Key, whether the village in 20 years will not be the end of human.

Status quo three, conditions of rural housing construction

In the countryside, most of the houses were thatched House, wood House, clay brick, tile, and more, these houses to a solid well encountered storm and very easy to collapse. In recent years, with the exodus of migrant workers, most of the homes were empty, housing disrepair, after wind and rain, falling roof debris, and exterior walls were washed, houses crumbling, beams collapsed, the House has collapsed.

Four status, current situation of rural poverty population

According to people Forum data displayed, “currently China of rural poverty population 65 million people (big number) can is divided into three a part: has 11 million people around is no labor capacity of, and in absolute poverty State; has 44 million people is has labor capacity of low-income households; also has 20 million people is in above two species situation Zhijian of, can depending on specific situation used transfer paid or pro-poor development of approach. “This is just an estimate, in fact far more than this number of rural poor.

In rural areas, poor people a year how much money? In rural areas, farmers ‘ income mainly depends on Government subsidies and sale of agricultural products offered. Such as one provided, and Government subsidy of 120 Yuan per month, the year 1440. If he is still farming, direct subsidies to the Government’s land, about 1000 Yuan or so, plus other subsidies, estimates there are 500 Yuan a year or so. This piece probably around 3000 Yuan of subsidies (in fact, the farmers were not so much money to get his hand, as far as direct subsidies, many local officials that corruption is a serious, pockets). Sale of agricultural products, if there are five acres of land, can produce 500 kilograms of rice per acre, at the current market price of grain, assuming that a kilo of grain purchase prices to 1.3 Yuan, an acre of 650 Yuan, five acre 3250 dollars. Each year selling vegetables, poultry, and cattle reached more than 1000 Yuan. Then, an annual income above 7000.

The algorithm above provided that in the case of rural labor in good condition and does not consider voting counted, average farmers ‘ well-off level is like this. If farmers do not have the ability to work, direct subsidies to state corruption, or direct subsidies by the State there are not that many, or field production is not high, met both natural and man-made, marketing costs were too high, and so on. Then, farmers rely on State subsidies for households, pension insurance, health insurance, life, life is really tough. In fact, in most rural areas, the situation prevails.

Second, rooftop PV met several pits in the countryside?

First, farmers of distributed PV agree

Although extradited years reform and opening up, and science and technology has been gradually spreading to the countryside, but farmers ‘ ability to accept always lagging behind. This environment-related, and economic conditions, and also related to farmers ‘ State of mind … … For example, a new mobile phone, to spread to the country, may have to wait for years, even spreading less. First, the farmer to take into account how much money is in your pocket, whether this part of the cost of purchased agricultural products and children’s schooling and medical care in conflict. Secondly, farmers considered the phone’s practical value, if you bought a phone, no phone calls, do not call often go out, buy also equals white. Once again, farmers should also be considered after bought this phone, high running cost is low, such as telephone calls a month from 50 to 100 for low-income people, it is to their lives. In this way, a new mobile phone becomes very difficult. For a high PV consumer products, promotion seems to be much more difficult.

A distributed solar PV panels, around 30,000, said earlier, the General farmers ‘ annual income hovering around 8,000. If you want to buy a solar panel for at least 3 years of income. Unless, that is, they do not eat or drink, do not send their children to school, without the doctor, no purchase of new agricultural products, not weddings, and so on. Therefore, incomes are important reasons for restricting their buying expensive products. To try to persuade farmers to buy a set of photovoltaic equipment, at least needed some preferential policies and support programs, and could make the capital buying reason. In fact, the efforts made by countries and enterprises in this regard is considerable.

A second pit, local protection force into a tiger

Many local governments are reluctant to promote distributed PV power station, the reason is simple, the first problem is Government spending, as well as many officials want from a business hand fishes an oil, and set a high threshold. On the conventional electricity and the grid become a stumbling block, distributed network installation a PV application links more, longer, network access design is not scientific, high access costs, and so on. It is clear that photovoltaic touched upon local governments and power of certain nerves, makes it difficult to distributed PV promotion. For example, the National Energy Board recently released distributed power grid acquisition Office of Hebei regulation and subsidies the implementation report, said Hebei province in distributed generation planning targets exist in the policy implementation is slow, irregular grid management, fiscal policy is not in place and other practical problems. This allows investors “running sector” difficult national preferential policies implemented for photovoltaic industry.

The third pit, drawbacks of the PV pro-poor policies

Speaking of PV pro-poor policies, looks very nice, but it also has some problems. Such as initial funding problems, as well as the repayment issue, late technical glitches, post power problem, and after the relocation and construction of housing, photovoltaic installation problems … … While the State and company can help solve these issues, but it’s also worth pondering.

Third, rooftop photovoltaic power station outlet

Way, States “PV pro-poor” policy introduced

PV pro-poor policies

In 2014, the National Energy Council poverty alleviation Office of the State Council jointly issued the notice on issuing the implementation of PV projects for poverty alleviation programme of work (new [2014]447) files. Subsequently, the National Energy Board and the poverty alleviation Office of the State Council published the Organization of developing photovoltaic pilot project for poverty alleviation notice [2014]495 file, indicating PV 6 pilot provinces for poverty alleviation. On March 8 this year, renewable energy Secretary National Energy Board issued a circular on transmitting the letter of photovoltaic pilot programming outline for poverty alleviation.

Measures and benefit

PV pro-poor policies, initial investment subsidy of national 35%, 35%, loan 30%. Subsidized loan 5 year, VAT 3%. This is for household and agricultural use photovoltaic pro-poor policies. Its income payments and taxes, but the rest of the country to take “spontaneously occupied, more than power” policy. If the net price per unit, 1 Yuan, 10 kWh of electricity a day, then sent more than 3,600 degrees a year. So farmers can earn more than 3,600 Yuan a year.

Building conditions

First of all is whether the Housing Authority can sustain the PV panels. Said earlier, for some houses, is not suitable for installation, after installation likely to cause the housing collapse. For this type of property, nor does it facilitate the solar panels clean up and maintenance.

Secondly, how many money in farmers ‘ pockets, and the ability to borrow money at the Bank, the State subsidy is granted.

Again, light conditions, in accordance with the outline of preparation, in accordance with the outline of preparation, in principle, required average annual solar radiation should not be less than 4500MJ/m2, after converted to electricity, the full hour must not be less than 950h. In China, the solar energy resources are more abundant in most areas, annual hours of sunshine is larger than 2000h, the radiation more than 586kj/(cm2. a)。 Therefore, many areas are in line with the preparation of commitments required.

Outlet II, save the village, repairs, new rural construction needs reason

Village of mass disappear each year, in accordance with the current rate, many years later there is no rural at all. So, rooftop PV to talk about how to break into the rural market? Of course, cease to exist in rural areas, people say there are villages. In fact, village in itself does not belong to the villages, and it already belongs to a part of the city.

Local government in the construction of new rural construction of time, starting from the village development, taking into account, pay attention to the peasants ‘ vital interests, concerns those women and weak, disabled, and poor farmers, repairing village roads and houses to safeguard cultural facilities in rural areas and landscapes, avoiding villages disappeared.

Only keep villages, improving housing, PV can be landed in the countryside, farmers “making money”.

Way out of three, ‘ income is key to complete the building of a well-off society

Increasing farmers ‘ income, is the critical issue. How to increase farmers ‘ income, the State should give more preferential policies to farmers, properly solve the “three rural issues”. Adjusting the agricultural structure, improving the quality of agricultural products, open channels, relying on brand to open up the market. Secondly, relying on Science and technology, reduce cost of agricultural production, to increase efficiency. Lighten the burden on farmers, further strengthen the building of spiritual civilization in the countryside, farmers healthy consumption, establish a new trend.

Only farmers, farmers did not worry will only be bold to buy high-quality supplies, rooftop PV to “station” is safe.

Way out for four, a variety of rational distribution of distributed PV

In addition to rooftop PV, but also be installed photovoltaic power stations.

Photovoltaic greenhouses

Photovoltaic greenhouses is an ecological agriculture project, on top of the canopy to install solar electric generating stations. This shed was raising chickens ducks shed, can also be a greenhouse to grow vegetables. This way, you can reasonably use the extra space, both ducks and chickens to grow vegetables, and can generate electricity, never miss. If full use is off-grid photovoltaic power generation system, and power grid connection, that is, on-grid photovoltaic power generation system.

Water PV

Because of ground problems land PV, in many places, users put solar panels laid on at the Aquarium on their face, reservoir, River, and “fishing light” complementary ecological power generation, underwater fish and water to generate electricity.

Terrestrial photovoltaic

In the rural, mountainous area of the main location. In recent years, the rural areas of the mountain range the barren stone bare, treeless, grass covered small, has become a barren hill. And open access to the hills and are not in place, farmers how to use barren Hills is the key.

In many places, a spacious drying yard in front of the House, only the Sun will only produce it large-area use, others almost untouched.

In view of this, the solar floor can be installed anywhere.

Four, concluding remarks

Villages gradually disappeared, a large number of the rural exodus, dilapidated housing faces a danger of collapse, and rural poverty that must be resolved … … Rural rooftop PV’s future? Rooftop solar power in rural endures long after that? How can rural PV promotion through to the end? Solve PV solution, for the benefit of farmers, farmer at ease, the money’s liking.

Original title: in rural areas, rooftop PV endures can be persisted?

Peng Libin: distributed the roof or solar power into the mainstream

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, Energy Research Institute, national development and Reform Commission, the National Centre for renewable energy, Energy Foundation, China renewable energy society and many other authorities jointly released 2050 China high proportion of renewable energy sources development scenarios and paths of research. The report ventured a prediction about the renewable energy scene: by 2050, the share of renewable energies in energy consumption in China occupy 60%.

From 2014 60% less than 3% by 2050, this data is trustworthy?

Solar investment demand is “thirst”

Currently in China, the minimum proportion of solar energy in the energy industry as a whole, in 2014, the total generating capacity, solar power for less than 0.5%. Because of this, solar power is perhaps the most promising field of renewable energy.

Germany, and France has announced that in 2050, 100% use of renewable energy, but due to lower utilization of renewable energy has been, to achieve 60% ratio does not look easy to complete, but in order to take into account advances in solar energy technology and efficiency improvements, a significant increase in the proportion of renewable energy consumption is not difficult.

Based on the above forecasts, by 2050, China’s solar power generation capacity will reach 2.7 billion-kilowatt. Compared to 29 million-kilowatt as of 2014, China’s solar power generation capacity over the next 36 years, added the 2.671 billion-kilowatt, even calculated on a per kilowatt to invest 5000 Yuan, need 13.355 trillion yuan total investment, with an average annual investment of over 370 billion yuan.

2014 solar installed capacity in China at just over 10 million-kilowatt, and according to the 2015 development goals over the next 36 years, with an annual capacity must be 74.19 million-kilowatt in order to meet the demand.

It can be seen that by 2050 solar energy investment demand, China faces a “hunger” investment opportunities, which glimpsed from the variation analysis of investment in solar power in recent years.

Year power 1500 hours of computing in recent years solar power investment change: 2010 need to invest 20000 Yuan per kilowatt by 2015 investments fall to 7500 dollars per kilowatt, kWh cost from 1.2 Yuan to 0.6 Yuan per kilowatt hour, fully reduced by half.

The reason, which is due to the marked shift since the 2010 solar power plant equipment: 60 battery power 210 w raised to 265 w; component prices reduced from 15 dollars per watt to 4 Yuan per watt; from 3 Yuan per watt inverter price reduced to 0.22 Yuan per watt. Just like in 2010, it is difficult to estimate price of solar equipment in 5 years, now can not 2050 solar equipment prices is expected to be reduced to what extent.

Investors should have “golden eye”

Based on optimistic estimates for 2050 solar power plant development, for investors, opportunities and bottlenecks to distinguish between solar power station, select the station with the most potential for investment. Ground power station and roofs of distributed power station is now the two largest photovoltaic power plant investment type.

Ground power station has a clear property rights and easier access to financial support, installation, simple access, have settled with the grid, which is its advantages, but surface plant consume large amounts of land, subsidies in place for a long time and so on. In addition, the ground station is also affected by changed greatly due to power open bidding, serious lack of competitiveness of PV power station.

Roof distributed power disadvantage is that because the property was not clear and not easy to obtain financial support installed, access is relatively complex; clearing the relationships exist on the roof the owners, investors and power the tripartite relationship, owners will have a risk of default. But land, unlimited power to dissolve, benefits in place for a quarter for the first time all advantages of distributed power plant is the roof, at the same time, because it is direct power supply roof distributed power plant will become the preferred electricity sales companies in the future.

Currently abroad PV station of mainstream form is distributed station, Germany has 70% of station belongs to distributed, this is trend; ground station exists storage can not solution Qian will was rigid blackouts, and future electric modified bidding Internet, risk; electric modified zhihou, due to power side release, simple of PV power company hard survival, and ground station in bidding Internet of rules Xia competitiveness is most weak of. Marketing electricity side after the release, distributed generation Foundation of company is selling best, is closest to the power supply mode of customer service than for terrestrial photovoltaic power plant, the risk is much smaller, and distributed power for future energy-saving service provides the customer entry.

To promote the development of distributed PV, policy has yet to be perfected, but I believe that in the near future, roof distributed solar power station will become mainstream, and to account for a greater proportion of renewable energy consumption.

(Reporters Gong Xiaoli Yang Peng Libin, President of investment, according to Beijing June speech at the Institute for the future of the arrangement)

Original title: distributed the roof or solar power into the mainstream

EU: Netherlands tax inspection found 30% of component products, China evading tariffs

Polaris solar PV net news: late last year, lasted for several years on China PV companies double reverse into the end stage of the survey, now EU has begun on China’s solar companies to launch a new round of tax investigations. Foreign media reported on 25th, people familiar with the matter said, the European Union anti-fraud Office (OLAF) is investigating the Chinese solar panel manufacturers and importers, doubts the enterprise to escape import duties aimed at ensuring fair market.

The survey focused on investigating whether Chinese rivals, “falsely declaring that the product was not made in China”. European Photovoltaic Manufacturers Association (EU ProSun) complaint to OLAF, other Chinese competitors bypass this collection of customs duties within the scope of exports to the European Union, tax evasion and to sell their products at lower prices. It was 2013 the European Commission reached an agreement allowed Chinese manufacturers to export products to the EU at the lowest prices since China solar energy equipment producers are facing the most serious challenge.

The survey sponsor company for Germany solar world (Group) (SolarWorld) and the European Association of manufacturers of solar energy (EU ProSun). Foreign news agency quoted informed sources as saying, OLAF “ongoing” investigation. In March, the Netherlands tax inspection in some sites suspected of avoiding tax raids found that some importers through Malaysia and Chinese Taiwan FTZs introduction of solar panels. EU ProSun said, nearly 30% of the Chinese solar energy products through third parties to evade European Union tariffs on transport.

The end of the year was supposed to be the Central European PV export “price promise” the expiry date of the agreement, solar panel maker did not expect the European Union to the EU brought tax evasion investigation. Central solar trade war begun in 2012, in September of that year, and in November, the polysilicon solar components produced in China by the EU, such as double-reverse inquiry. December 2013 double final landing, the EU accepted 121 Chinese companies price commitments and to the double tax levy for a period of 3 years. Among them, the anti-dumping duty of 27.3% to 64.9%, countervailing duty rate for 0-11.5%. In 121 companies under the dual control of quantity and price, enjoy the treatment of exports to the EU duty-free.

According to the reporter, wants to block China’s overseas Foundry products to enter the market at low prices for more than just the European Union and United States have adopted similar measures. Germany solarworld Group (SolarWorld) Americas branch prior to United States official investigation China Enterprise OEM applications for tax evasion investigations, United States has also been investigated.

Chinese solar PV industry executives said the United States and Europe to China whether double or as a tax investigation, is the price a trade war, which “hard fair.” Some companies say has always been strict compliance with the EU solar agreements, but the EU’s business surveys is often very suddenly.

Despite repeated investigations overseas but domestic PV manufacturers are still in a “best of times”. As an environmental protection and green industry, photovoltaic power generation has become the Government and enterprises to seize the commanding heights of a low carbon economy an important part, has also been supported by Government policies. Shanghai Daily earlier reported in the latest edition of the renewable portfolio standard has been reported to the State Council earlier this year, renewable energy is expected to introduce quotas, 100GW by 2020 PV installed capacity planning.

“Chinese products in the future will demand more mining of steam, which is an important part of diversity policies. “Lin boqiang, Director of China energy research center of Xiamen University, told reporters,” the next is the main battlefield of competition for enterprises in emerging markets. 2013-2017, Asia-Pacific and Central Asia solar energy demand is expected to be accounted for 50% of the total solar energy needs. ”

China mechanical and electrical products import and export Chamber of Commerce has also stated publicly that the domestic PV manufacturers diversified export strategy is starting to show. According to the data provided by the Chamber of Commerce, in 2013, photovoltaic products exports fell nearly 18% on the basis of 2014 for bottoming in January-November, exports rose by almost 16%, to 13.1 billion dollars. Among them, the Japan market grew 67%, reaching us $ 4.5 billion, 33% per cent of total exports; United States market grew by 35%, to 2.1 billion dollars, 16% per cent of total exports; European market contracted 30%, less than $ 2.5 billion, shares 18.75% per cent.

Market participants also believe that solar energy enterprise development space is enormous. Since January of this year, domestic a-shares index of solar energy nearly doubled from around 1200 points, outperforming the broader market. Bloomberg solar on the NYSE index rose more than 54% a year, and also robust.

Related news:

EU anti-fraud Office launched a tax evasion investigation on imports of Chinese Solar Panel

Original title: EU’s PV enterprises launch tax investigations

Sunrise in the East: “leasing +” surprise energy Internet

Polaris solar PV net news: (reporter Chen Yanqing) “Internet + capital lease” for playing a bigger role in boosting the PV industry.

May 19, Oriental day liters released bulletin said: and full funding subsidiary day liters Hong Kong intends to respective of owned funds investment established day liters financing leasing company, registered capital 500 million Yuan, which company holdings proportions 55%, day liters Hong Kong Holdings 45%; company to owned funds investment established full funding subsidiary Sun Alliance MoE (temporarily named), registered capital 100 million Yuan, Sun Alliance MoE will with modern digital communications, and Internet, and mobile communications and the real networking technology, through cloud computing, and Data will be new energy power plants and organic integration of the Internet, creating a whole new ecosystem of energy production and consumption, investment and financing. At this point, has completed East sunrise from the traditional energy companies to energy Internet material.

Industry insiders said, the future may see more companies like SPI, Oriental Sunrise occurs, resolve the shortage of power station construction period financing issues on the one hand, and adapt to currently-booming “Internet +” strategy over the long term for the company’s power plant business will play a supporting role.

Oriental Sunrise new energy investment Department director Li Wei

Creating energy, “ecosystem”

“PV station of financing leasing market space huge”, Oriental day liters new Energy Corporation investment Department director Li Wei in accept Arctic star solar PV network reporter interview Shi said, 2015 China planning added PV station construction scale for 17.80GW, and on roof distributed PV power project and the all spontaneous use of ground distributed PV power project not limit construction scale, if by current PV station construction cost 8 Yuan/w measuring, PV station construction of funds needs about for 142.4 billion yuan If calculated by 2014 28.05GW grid-connected PV cumulative installed capacity in China, PV can be securitised funding needs estimated at 224.4 billion yuan, total 366.8 billion yuan funding needs. The future, as the focus of national energy development direction, PV development space is very big.

“The company at home and abroad, PV power plant investment, construction and operation of photovoltaic power generation projects have achieved good results, to bring a steady profit. Therefore, investment in financial leasing companies and e-commerce platform, which itself is also a normal extension and expansion of the company’s business, thanks to the good opportunity for industry development, country-and industry-related incentives, and our determination to become bigger and stronger, allowing the implementation of investment decisions to follow. “Li Wei said.

It is understood that the “Sun Lian Meng” (tentative name) in fact, the original intention of setting up to create an open platform, not only for the East part of Sunrise utility assets. “Sun Lian Meng” (tentative name) Although set up by rising investment in the East, but it is a separate company, as its sponsors and investors, rising in the East will maintain an open attitude, welcome to other valuable partners in a variety of ways, such as a large e-commerce platform, Web, existing small and medium sized P2P platform company, industry investors to participate.

Finance lease push for new photovoltaic technology

It is understood that under the “made in China by 2025″ strategy, China will persist in innovation-driven, intelligent restructuring, strengthening the Foundation, green development, speed up the transformation from manufacturing to more power. Adopt fiscal measures such as subsidies and accelerated depreciation, and promote technical renovation of traditional industries. Modern business models represented by the leasing industry will also bring strong financial support for the transformation and upgrading of China’s manufacturing industry.

“China is the world’s superpower PV module production. Photovoltaic power generation in the United States business segments above most of the SolarCity is of use through leasing. “Li Wei said. In the new course of technological upgrades, whether component products upfront research and development innovation, or existing photovoltaic power generation system of accelerated depreciation, leasing will play an important role.

Currently rising in the East before listing solar modules and solar cell sales, mainly engaged in manufacturing. After the listing, with capital markets platform, expanding the solar module production capacity, and formation of downstream PV power plant development, construction, operation and parallel patterns in both sides at home and abroad.

Energy involved in early Internet double business hand

Due to the photovoltaic plant invested larger amounts on EPC and utility investors, upfront has a strong need for funding. Compared with bank loans, leasing itself is a combination of financing and extension of the body, can better access to early stage financing, so far in the EPC business, power plants worldwide investors hopes to complete business transactions through this channel.

Actually, early in 2014 early Oriental day liters on began research energy Internet, “we combines PV industry of features and needs, and national power reform of development direction and company established of long-term strategy target to determines company in the field of point, eventually decided first from financing leasing platform, and Internet financial service platform, business plate first starts with, through financing leasing company of channel docking new energy station assets, Brought electricity to the long-term stability of the Sun-renewable resources revenue as investors seek long-term and stable return on investment protection. “Li Wei said that such a business model can enliven new and existing power plant resources in the energy sector, making the initial developers of new energy power plants to get more money, achieve long-term rolling PV development goals.

Li Wei also stressed, financing leasing company and electric commercial platform of established, is Oriental day liters entered energy Internet of a point, future and not only limited to in financing aspects of business, certainly, to reduced operations cost, improve enterprise benefits, while makes investors has stable long-term of investment proceeds, “Sun Alliance MOE” (tentative name) first will attract quality of, and scale smaller of station assets entered platform, and PV station of long-term stable power proceeds will to investors not only brings high of proceeds, more is long-term stable, Rather than short term high investment returns, in the formation of the long-term interest rate cuts in the future channel, more valuable.

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Cauldron group solvency of financial institutions feared upgrade

Polaris solar PV net news: the group after a debt default, begin the debt recovery of creditors in full swing. Has a number of banks have been asked to tianwei group repay its debts, and a freeze on the assets of the company, followed up recently demanded the immediate repayment of debt finance company subsidiary of Baosteel Group.

Tianwei Group’s troubles is the photovoltaic business, from the initial investment with a bang, to collapse in the near future, but a couple of years. This sample of cases, reveal the blind investment in some industries, as well as how resources can be easily wasted.

Chain of actions

Information from the China currency shows that Shanghai Baosteel Group financial LLC (hereinafter “the Baosteel’s financial”) and tianwei Group securities disputes, to the Shanghai Pudong new area people’s court proceedings, Decree of tianwei group at par immediately honour Baosteel financial holding 50,000,011 tianwei MTN1 notes face value of bonds, RMB 50 million yuan in principal and interest payments to Baosteel financial 2.92 million Yuan.

11 tianwei MTN1 notes issued in the inter-bank market, a market whose main investor is a large financial institution. 11 days MTN1 tianwei Group February 2015 deadline to issue ticket coupon, maturity date should have been for the 2016 February 24, total 1 billion yuan.

Baosteel financial requirements 11 tianwei MTN1 immediately honour, was in large part inspired by tianwei Group issued a product 11 tianwei MTN2-default events.

This series of events began on April 21, 2015, was supposed to be the day of tianwei group “11 tianwei MTN2″ days of interest payments, but the company said it “fails to pay interest” and thus became the first defaulted public debt of SOEs.

This attracts investors great anxiety. On May 20, the group released “11 tianwei MTN1″ resolutions of the holders meeting to determine and authorize the trustee Bank artificially making attorneys Dacheng. Request also asked the holders meeting tianwei 11 tianwei MTN2 accelerated due; request for additional group parent company of soldiers with the Group of the “11 tianwei MTN2″ unconditional guarantee.

Shanghai Pudong new area people’s Court from the financial action group for accepting the case, which also recently received notices of appearance from the Shanghai Pudong new area people’s Court.

Bond analyst was quoted as saying that judging from the current situation, lead underwriters of CCB and its parent company as “11 tianwei MTN2″ fallback will not strongly, whether ICS there is a lot of uncertainty in the future.

Related news:

Baosteel v tianwei demanded 50 million bills debt

Association of financial creditors have sought to punish tianwei and soldiers loading group

Photovoltaic business cycle

Tianwei group has previously used by many institutions to recover debts. A number of banks have put the Group on the dock, call for a freeze on its assets.

Tianwei group has previously disclosed information, company tianwei new energy Holdings Limited (hereinafter “tianwei new energy company”) by project construction in January 2011 with the National Development Bank, ordnance equipment Group LLC of the RMB capital syndicated loan contract was signed (CDB lending amounted to 1.541 billion dollars). Tianwei Group provide a suretyship. New energy industry collapse, tianwei new energy company was exhausted, has been unable to make mortgage payments on time, while other violations, the Group also fails to perform warranty obligations. CDB to the Sichuan province higher people’s court proceedings, the Sichuan provincial higher people’s Court has been placing.

Tianwei group tianwei baobian 352 million shares of listed companies are banks ruled that waiting for the freeze. China export and Import Bank and tianwei new energy firm, tianwei new energy (Chengdu) PV module limited, tianwei group financial dispute over loan contract case, Beijing railway transportation Intermediate Court ruled that tianwei baobian 352 million shares held by the Group were waiting for freeze.

2014 of tianwei group financial report showed that losses reached an astonishing 10.1 billion yuan that year. Tianwei group employees of several reporters said the new energy business is still in production, limiting State.

Quagmire of tianwei group, cannot be explained simply by the solar cycle. Cnao’s audit report for the previous group of soldiers mounted displays, tianwei new energy investment decisions, such as specifications and other issues. From 2008 to 2012, the Group of 21 new fixed assets investment projects in energy, there are 20 unregistered Board to consider legal proceedings involving 15.275 billion yuan in investment. From a financial point of view, the Group has been facing bankruptcy. As of December 31, 2014, the Group-8.035 billion net worth, insolvent.

The latest data show that 2015 year accumulated losses of tianwei group has reached 210 million yuan in the first quarter, because it “belongs to a new subsidiary of energy market, excess production capacity, product prices, and the situation is not significantly better revenue cost upside down is serious, deep cuts in their income scale.”

Original title: cauldron of tianwei group solvency of financial institutions feared upgrade

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Association of financial creditors have sought to punish tianwei and soldiers loading group

Polaris solar PV net news: May 20, the group released “11 tianwei MTN1″ resolutions of the owners meeting, the announcement follows:

1, determine and authorize the trustee Bank artificially making attorneys Dacheng.

2, for Group 11 tianwei MTN2 accelerated expiration.

3, the requirement for additional group parent company of soldiers loaded group “11 tianwei MTN2″ unconditional guarantee.

4, tianwei group and related parties to take civil action.

5, tianwei group “11 tianwei MTN2″ event to draw attention to the interbank market dealers Association (hereinafter “dealer’s Association”) makes the following three areas of action.

(1) drew attention to the Traders Association of tianwei group denounced the breach.

(2) drew attention to the Traders Association of soldiers loaded group and its subsidiaries, within the duration of the debt financing risk ToolTip; suspended soldiers loaded group and its subsidiaries released all debt financing instruments.

(3) the attention of Dealers Association will be the default behaviour of tianwei group feedback from other regulators, including, but not limited to the development and Reform Commission, SASAC, the CBRC and csrc.

6, asked the group to “11 tianwei MTN2″ bondholders June 2013 in public between February 2014 and relevant documentation.





Tianwei group is defeated and new energy company soldiers wear group Dim exit

Tianwei group needs to pay its massive debts each year, and can also take advantage of the new servicing old debts in the past managed to maintain. In early April, 2014, was published, the Group solvency, which might be its parent company lost the patience to survive and thus did not provide timely help, leaving the Group bond defaults.

Since becoming China’s first public bond defaults by State-owned enterprises, and Baoding tianwei Group (hereinafter the Group) recently brought to the forefront.

On April 21, 2015 is the group for “11 tianwei MTN2″ interest payment day, creditors received on this day is “notice fails to pay interest.” Tianwei votes in event of default address is not yet settled, lead underwriters of CCB will bring together holders held a meeting on May 13, consultations on related issues.

Tianwei group is ultimately financed debt, bankruptcy still remains to be seen. No matter what kind of situation, the Group has become to break the bond public offering rigidity to honour the first State-owned enterprise.

Tianwei group is trimming the China ordnance equipment Group Corporation (hereinafter referred to as soldiers loaded group), a wholly-owned subsidiary, in 2011, followed by two periods totalling 2.5 billion dollar medium-term note (MTN), again in 2012 and 2013 issued 2 billion yuan fund-raising tool (PPN), when its credit rating to AA +. But starting in 2011, the Group net profit losses and losses expanded in 2014, loss of 10.1 billion dollars, 8.3 billion yuan of which is caused by an assets impairment losses, there are 1.1 billion yuan to pay interest, by comparison, caused by operating losses is not that much.

Tianwei group in late 2014 was 12.9 billion yuan in total assets, total liabilities of approximately 20.9 billion yuan. April 21 to pay debt interest of 85.5 million Yuan, the amount is not high, but for the debt-laden group, which to a bale of straw that broke the camel.

This tianwei ticket has a certain chance of default. However, from the company’s financial situation, the default is also necessary. Perhaps the PV industry overcapacity crisis, who eventually emerged in a specific company.

In the context of credit easing, the State encourages the PV industry, the Group substantially in domestic and foreign investment and set up factories, but due to serious oversupply of PV products, Europe and “double reverse” (anti-dumping, anti-subsidy) to investigate the influence, as well as their own imprudent investment decisions, eventually led it to Zag, substantial investment will not withdraw, leaving behind enormous debt deficit. Tianwei group has thus become the second after the aluminum Corporation of China, China Eastern Airlines and China Ocean shipping, and breaking tens of billions of losses of State-owned enterprises.

Tianwei group needs to pay its massive debts each year, and can also take advantage of the new servicing old debts in the past managed to maintain. In early April, 2014, was published, the Group solvency, which might be its parent company lost the patience to survive and thus did not provide timely help, leaving the Group bond defaults.

From the perspective of risk education, many people in the industry believe that tianwei votes cannot claim interest, break the rigidity of the bond payment practices, prompting investors to form ideas that match the returns and risk, is conducive to the long-term development of the bond market.

Defaults to be expected

In Baoding City of Hebei province, tianwei group and local people as famous for eating donkey meat. Three for “tianwei” named roads (tianwei Dong Lu, Wei Zhong Lu, tianwei West Road) traversed the city, locals take pride in working in tianwei group.

Tianwei group formerly known as the Baoding transformer plant, founded in 1958, is a leader in the field of power transmission and transformation equipment businesses. In 2002, listed after the group involved in the emerging alternative energy industry, a stake in local private PV enterprises in Baoding, but control later passed.

In early 2008, the Group officially became the Central loading group, a wholly owned subsidiary. Backed by central enterprises, the group in the new layout of the Sturm und drang in the energy sector, but this time domestic renewable energy industry has shown its suffering. In the eyes of peers, the group is defeated and a new energy because “no step on time”, just like in the stock the highest point admission, who eventually became the buying Consortium.

As far back as two years ago, soldiers loaded group has decided to group all day.

In September 2013, the military installed Group Finance Director Deng Tengjiang served as President of tianwei group. For this debt, funding pressures for companies, with more than 10 years work experience in financial audit Department of Deng Tengjiang, is very suitable for the job.

Deng Tengjiang, who was 57, was nearing retirement, running the Group’s main mission is to help companies gradually lose the new burden on the energy industry. Now, the main idea is to group holdings public company–tianwei baobian to “tianwei” divestiture to tianwei’s new energy business, the group, through such measures as closed private placement, will be gradually into a group of soldiers loaded major shareholders of listed companies.

Through a series of capital operation and substantial loss of new energy industry focus group, baiyiji debt to wait progressively digested. Prior to this, the company appears more than overdue situation, it was a coupon is default set for a long time.

Judging from the correlation, photovoltaic power generation and transmission and there is some correlation, early investments in new energy industries are tianwei baobian, on behalf of, namely transmission and new energy in tianwei, a pot to cook. New energy sector losses, tianwei baobian hurt the listed companies, the company continued to reduce, offset paper losses eventually face the risk of delisting from the Shanghai Stock Exchange.

Deng Tengjiang had said at the end of 2013, the analysis of a business meeting, tianwei baobian operating conditions is a result of new energy industry write-downs and losses, both industries are intertwined to tianwei baobian has brought a heavy burden, it must be cleaned up as soon as possible to ensure transmission and distribution industry Trave can truly return to industry.

By 2014, tianwei group has repeatedly requested the military installed group finance company mortgage to repay its debts, mortgage is that it holds stakes in listed companies. The end of 2014, tianwei baobian (*ST tianwei) Xiang Bing loaded closed issue 160 million shares of the group, soldiers loaded group tianwei baobian stake reached 33.47%, become the largest shareholder.

The move’s intention is very clear, that is diluting the original majority shareholder group’s stake so that it can no longer distribute funds of listed companies from “blood transfusion”, then keep the shell of a listed company.

On March 17, 2015, tianwei baobian delisting risk warning issued a revocation notice 2014 fiscal year revenues to 3.895 billion dollars belong to shareholders of listed companies ‘ net profits reached 67.7 million Yuan, *ST tianwei announces successful pick hat. Pick hat was removed after “Tian Wei” Word, changed its name to become electric, means cutting is obvious.

Transformer is mainly engaged in production and sales of tianwei baobian was the Group’s core assets, Telefónica has been loaded completely split of the group, the rest is “preside” group. Tianwei tebian electric company employee to reporters April 22, stressed that his company belonging to the same electric, rather than the group.

Keep listed company’s shell is certainly welcome, but such joy in tianwei group, it means not the same taste.

After four days (April 21, 2015), tianwei group 2011-II medium-term notes (11 tianwei MTN2) fails to honour 85.5 million yuan of interest. Soldiers loaded group and bond lead underwriters of CCB has not shot as is widely expected to come to his rescue, and eventually became the first State-owned enterprise in the public bond market default cases.

The direct trigger of default triggered are Baoding branch of ABC in the case without the knowledge of the company, the draw of funds in its bank account, resulting in capital chain rupture of tianwei group.

Tianwei group and Warburg Trust Co Ltd of the trust loan contract was signed on March 27, 2013, by three subsidiaries 100% pledge, financing of 260 million Yuan. Before the credit expires on March 25, 2015, the huabao trust to transfer the whole debt to the agricultural Bank of China, Hebei branch, agricultural Bank of China branch in Baoding City, Hebei branch of the designated exercise creditor rights, draw the Group funds in bank accounts. The next morning, the Group received from the creditor and the creditor notifications of changes.

Prior to this, Exim Bank, CITIC Bank, Bank of China and other financial institutions seeking access to justice, the recovery of overdue loans. Debt-crisis group, starting from the third quarter of 2014 it is insolvent, and equity assets have also been frozen by creditors, the unconventional collection of ABC, tianwei group debt hole early exposure and become tianwei default trigger.

Public financial audit reports as of December 31, 2014, the Group lost a cumulative $ 10.271 billion trillion yuan, with a net worth-8.035 billion yuan have been insolvent. So, old solar star step by step how the debt spiral?

“Players” group of soldiers loaded

Tianwei Group Chairman Deng Tengjiang’s predecessor, Dong Qihong, Zhou Jian, the Group insider said, two people worked for a short time, and not very impressive. Have far-reaching impact on the group is more recently served as President and General Manager Ding Qiang, at present he served as soldiers loaded the Group Assistant General Manager.

China transformer industry in “85″ end gradually fragmented, was ranked the top three is the Shenyang transformer plant, Xian transformer factory, transformer factory in Baoding, Baoding transformer plant later developed rapidly as a leader in domestic transformer manufacturers.

Has been working in this factory, Ding Qiang, in 1999 as the Baoding tianwei baobian electric Chairman and Party Secretary, and two years later, the company listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange, namely, tianwei baobian just pick hat.

After the listing, tianwei baobian flush with cash. In 2002, Ding Qiang decided to buy into a PV enterprises–in Baoding Yingli new energy resources limited, tianwei baobian capital 44.75 million Yuan, accounting for 49% a share, becoming the company’s largest shareholder, Yingli and new businesses in the Beijing science and technology consulting company 45%, 6% respectively.

Since 2004, an unprecedented international and domestic solar heat, many companies turned to photovoltaic cell production. Yingli Green energy debt also launched the second phase of the project, but in order to obtain financing, Miao Liansheng transferred the head of Yingli 2% shares in tianwei baobian shares reached 51%, the company name was changed to tianwei Yingli new energy company.

In June 2007, Yingli Green energy in the United States market. In order to bypass policy barriers to list State-owned shares in the United States, tianwei baobian with Yingli company reached a conditional agreement to transfer corporate control. Yingli lost control of tianwei baobian, a stake was diluted to 25.99%.

In 2008, soldiers loaded group beat the national grid from Baoding municipal SASAC bought tianwei 100% equity. Unable to gain actual control position of the British company, soldiers loaded group wants to use the company’s idea of the layout of new energy industries.

Soldiers loaded groups to start using tianwei group involved in wind power, while in the PV industry for the whole industrial chain layout.

Central SOEs has incomparable networking, policy, private enterprise financial advantage, it is “Namaste” group of soldiers loaded massive new energy investment plan can be inferred. According to the plan, soldiers mounted group in the “Eleven-Five” period invest at least 15 billion yuan (from 2007 to 2008 approved projects for a total investment of no less than 10 billion dollars), to the “Twelve-Five” at the end, invested no less than 30 billion yuan.

Photovoltaic power generation with clean, safe, convenient, efficient and so on, in the “Eleven-Five” period China is developing very quickly. Private enterprises, local State-owned enterprises, as well as a similar group of soldiers packed the Central race to compete for the photovoltaic market. Thus, overcapacity, which foreshadowed future anti-dumping investigations.

In October 2010, the State Council on speeding up the cultivation and development of emerging industries of strategic decision (guofa (2010), 32nd) to include solar energy photovoltaic industry in areas of emerging industries of strategic importance. February 2012, the Ministry released the solar PV industry “Twelve-Five” development plan, supporting backbone enterprises good and strong and 2015 years ago offered to form a 1-year sales revenue over the multi-billion-dollar PV industry, 3-5 annual sales revenue of 50 billion yuan of PV industry; 3-4 annual sales revenue of over 1 billion yuan of photovoltaic equipment business.

Central ministries and encourage policies, local governments also use the best policy investment, the solar photovoltaic industry in the market and the Government under the dual noise, rapid expansion of production capacity.

Conveniently located in economic development zone, shuangliu County, Chengdu city, Southwest Harbor, tianwei new energy holding company, was one of the 17 subsidiaries of tianwei group, it was incorporated in July 2007, mainly engaged in wafer, cell and module production, 2010 Caijing reporters visited the company.

Tianwei new energy holding company party Secretary Zhao Xiusheng, Akbar told reporters that this project is supported by the Chengdu Municipal Government’s attention, given, shuangliu County has many investment incentives.

“That year, Chengdu city, ‘ a district business ‘ strategic thinking, shuangliu County industries dominated by new energy. “Chengdu shuangliu County April 23, 2015, one official said.

Said Zhao Xiusheng, tianwei new energy industry in China is the longest and most complete industry chain from polysilicon, silicon wafers, cells, modules and photovoltaic plants have, is one of the companies earlier into the new energy industry, companies not only have multi-crystalline silicon PV, thin film PV, wind power.

In addition to the products and raw materials, the group is up the PV, polysilicon manufacturing has already completed the layout.

Polysilicon is an essential foundation for solar cell materials, Leshan city, Sichuan province, is the country’s largest production base of silicon materials, for their raw, tianwei group layout of new energy focus on Sichuan region, has invested in Leshan city, Sichuan xinguang silicon technology limited, tianwei silicon technology limited company, xinguang Silicon is the nation’s largest polysilicon manufacturers.

In December 2007, tianwei baobian joint investment group in Sichuan province, Sichuan minjiang River irrigation hydropower company limited jointly funded, xinjin County, Sichuan province industrial park in tianwei Sichuan silicon industry co, 945 million yuan of registered capital, tianwei baobian holding 51%.

But a few years later, sharp, new energy into corporate and Government “burden”. These officials said, when the new energy emerging, which belongs to the industry, did not think European “double reverse” the impact is so great. After 2012, to optimize the industrial layout of shuangliu County, new energy industries gave way to free manufacturing, biotechnology and other industries.

In the photovoltaic field, larger Suntech solar, Yingli, Trina, has arisen now, and plead for the film generation of Chinese private enterprises, following the acquisition of tianwei group, the “players” soldier loaded group became the brightest solar star, followed by the China power investment, China National building material group Central.

Suntech, the LDK, and Baoding tianwei successive exits in disgrace, leaving the loss-making, the new energy industry it really is a one way street?

Investment failures of the war

A person familiar with the matter told reporters, tianwei new energy industries total defeat, first, because errors in invested in Silicon.

Tianwei group has invested in Leshan, Sichuan province and other places of polysilicon production enterprises, and bring a lot of revenue for the company. But after a few years, these companies have bankruptcy-in January 2014, tianwei Silicon filed for bankruptcy in December 2014, xinguang Silicon formal insolvency in April 2015, tianwei bankruptcy.

The main cause of bankruptcy, is the Silicon price rises and falls.

These people said that in 2001, when he returned to international silicon materials are cheap, about $ 30 a kilo. But after 2004, domestic and international solar energy industry booming, polysilicon prices soared, to the first half of 2008, Silicon material rose to more than 400 US dollars per kg. This is the poly-silicon “profiteering.”

Early entry into the industry’s enterprises earn full fist, which stimulated the domestic many enterprises invest in polysilicon plant.

On the establishment of a scale of polycrystalline silicon plant would cost hundreds of millions of Yuan, its costs including equipment, infrastructure investment, operation and there is a very high energy costs, it is understood that the current domestic polysilicon comprehensive energy consumption of about 140 kilowatt-hours of electricity per kilogram, previously up to 350 degrees. In addition, there are exhaust gas recycling problem. “Poly-silicon in the production of hydrogen, the silane reaction could not finish most of silane gas, must be recovered, recycled directly before the technology is not up to standard, can cause environmental problems. “These people said.

Later into the polysilicon manufacturing businesses are mostly small investment, low technical threshold. These people said, “when lucrative investment polysilicon plant, producing products of high energy consumption, but still can make money, and lucrative. But if prices return, foreign manufacturers the advantage is more obvious. ”

Since then, Silicon price all the way down. By the year 2012, per kilogram of polysilicon prices fell from its highs in 2008 when more than 400 US dollars to 17 dollars, below cost price, including tianwei Silicon material plant, and almost annihilated.

3 Silicon company to invest in Sichuan suffered heavy losses, according to 2014 the financial report shows that amounted to 1.3 billion yuan in bad loans, they borrowed from the banks the loan cannot be repaid on schedule.

Brunt is in Baoding tianwei Group investments in wind power (including host, blade manufacturing company), thin-film photovoltaic projects, which amount is much higher than polysilicon plant, a single wind turbine companies invested more than 1 billion yuan. Reporters learned that these projects have long been shut down, the specific bad debt amount has not been disclosed.

Investment United States Hoku Corporation, is another major investment of tianwei group failed. 2014 according to the company’s financial reports revealed that the project investment provision for bad debts reserve amounting to 2.7 billion dollars.

Hoku Corporation was founded in 2001, is the United States a focus on clean energy technology company, listed on NASDAQ in August 5, 2005. The company has two wholly owned subsidiaries, including Hoku materials applied to the production and sales of Solar polysilicon materials market, design capacity of 4000 tons; Hoku solar company main business is in the United States mainland and Hawaii sales and installation of solar photovoltaic systems.

In December 2009, new energy holdings, becoming Hoku’s controlling shareholder through acquisitions, owns 60.82% shares.

Because PV product prices down sharply, price and the cost of hanging upside down is serious, polysilicon projects completed and put into production will face a loss-making situation, in order to avoid further loss, 2011 Hoku polysilicon project had to be stopped at the end of construction. As market conditions deteriorated further, with the stock price plummet. In July 2012, Hoku Corporation, filed for bankruptcy.

In 2013, the National Audit Office on soldiers loaded 2012 annual financial audit of the revenues and expenditures of the group, focusing on auditing the soldiers with Group Headquarters and six companies including tianwei group, the audit found, the group without approval from the national development and Reform Commission raised without permission of Hoku’s investment plan.

The audit found that from 2008 to 2012, the Group of 21 new fixed assets investment projects in energy, there are 20 unregistered Board to consider legal proceedings involving 15.275 billion yuan in investment. Until the end of 2012, the Group has 3 Ultra plans to invest 285 million yuan of investment projects, and does not report to the competent authorities for approval; 11 without a loaded Group approval to start construction of the project, involving investment of 2.485 billion yuan.

Audit, tianwei new energy investment, debt and business risks of rapid growth in May 2013, external financing of 23.442 billion yuan, up to 1.19 billion yuan losses in 2011 and 2012, respectively, and 3.328 billion yuan.

Audit report stated that “in the implementation of national economic policies and business major in economic decision making, tianwei new energy investment decisions, such as substandard, inefficient or even serious losses, and so on. “The problems identified in the audit report, the Group proposed to strengthen the operation of the Board, development of management systems, and set the” Office of the Board of Directors “to ensure that daily work according to law, and regulate the operation of the Board.

The final blow

Tianwei new energy holding company based in Chengdu in January 2015, changed their scope of operation, in the original range, based on its own leasing, equipment leasing has increased. Corporate office phone has been in a State of no answer.

Reporters learned from the Chengdu shuangliu County party Committee propaganda Department, put the group have been prepared in accordance with the Act program, tianwei new energy holding company reorganization.

Tianwei group insiders say around 2012, Europe’s “double reverse” investigation the company was hit hard by.

Global PV module production capacity of between 50GW-60GW, only China’s capacity to reach 40GW, accounted for more than 70%. Capacity is very large, but a lack of demand, domestic PV installation is less than 10G, so the solar photovoltaic products in China mainly relies on u.s. and European markets. In 2011, for example, Chinese exports of photovoltaic products, more than 60% exports to the EU, products worth about US $ 26.5 billion.

Tianwei Group also benefited in this round of growth. In 2011, tianwei new energy plate sales revenue achieved 5.282 billion yuan, representing a substantial growth of 36.88%. Before 2011 PV products of high profits attract a lot of new capacity coming, oversupply situation is more serious.

“The photovoltaic industry in previous years capacity has been 40% or 50% more than actual demand, which is normal, but in 2010-2011, particularly in Eastern China, a number of manufacturers, small plant capacity expansion soon, a lot of people in this industry, sparking a renewed building boom. “Zhang Fengming, Nanjing University professor said.

High profits come mainly from government subsidies. In the European and American markets, Government subsidies for end markets, initially, very large government subsidies, for half the price of photovoltaic products. The Chinese market, supply side of government subsidies, in terms of production, land and other subsidies. Different subsidies can have a different effect, which led to rising consumer demand, which led to rising production and supply.

Early into companies make large profits, as capacity expansion, the distortion of competition in the market of PV products. Around 2012, the United States, the European Union anti-dumping investigations against China PV products.

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Jordan issued updated bidding results to the solar market in the Middle East “a strong signal”

Polaris solar PV net news: according to Jordan’s second round of bidding the solar power purchase agreement, four international companies have been granted a 50MW solar photovoltaic projects, solar industry hopes the results will help the Middle East market to take off.

Although 33 companies submitted proposals, but only 24 submitted financial bids.

The top four price is on average lower than in the first round of bidding price of 50%, reflecting the country’s solar energy costs significantly reduced.

According to the solar energy industries Association in the Middle East (MESIA), the winning price is the first bidding round in Dubai (DEWA) 200MWIPP item price is less than 10%, is considered to be the lowest ever.

MESIA and Founder President Vahid Fotuhi said, these results indicate that for stable markets in the Middle East, six to eight cents a share is setting new standards for utility-scale solar projects.

He added: “This means that solar power is cheaper than natural gas. ”

In the second round, Greece GIKarnomourakis SunRise is surprising the company’s lowest price bidder, given their current project portfolio in Greece, they never built project of this size.

MESIA, another bidder for the top four, Fotowatio/ALJ in the Middle East thanks to Saudi Arabia Abdul Latif Jamil (ALJ) strong funding support, and Fotowatio strong IPP experience, could be a “very positive” large-scale solar IPP. SaudiOger, another Saudi company, also located in the top four, MESIA two Saudi companies are expected to become the leading solar energy players in the future.

Fotuhi says local medium Jordan developers have made good progress, Evolution Philidelphia Solar and Solar for the fifth and last, far ahead of many established players, like Mainstream, SunEdison, AcwaPower and ELF-ENEL.

He added that the market was surprised, Saudi ACWA Power power engineering company did not offer the lowest quote.

MESIA, a statement said: “Jordan’s results would send a strong signal to other solar energy market, especially Saudi Arabia, the current wait-and-see attitude on the solar energy market in the region. ”

“Riyadh can now see that solar energy than conventional power generation resources and very competitive. If they decide to follow the footsteps of Amman, we will see the solar energy market in the Middle East ever to take off. ”


In August 2014, quoted Jordan grid too much stress, Ministry of energy and mineral resources of the country cancelled a round for four 100MW wind and solar projects procurement, second round grant incoming messages received.

Original title: Jordan issued updated bidding results to the solar market in the Middle East “a strong signal”

Japan solar bubble burst?

Arctic star solar PV network news: Japan Yu 2012 launched “renewable energy special measures Bill” Hou, on attract many enterprise have Rob into solar market, and built mass solar power factory, only with Japan solar power acquisition price even 3 years adjustable drop, mass solar power factory built boom recession, led to 2014 degrees (April 2014 – March 2015) Japan 4 big solar factory sales into recession, and this also declared Japan solar bubble has burst?

Japan Journal of the media industry news report on 18th, 2014-sharp (Sharp) and Kyocera (Kyocera), Panasonic and Mitsubishi Motors (Mitsubishi Electric) Japan 4 large solar plant solar panel sales/shipments reduced total value 7% to 4.31 million kW (4.3GW), also seem to confirm a recession, “renewable energy special measures Act” set off by the demand for solar energy, Seems to have been 1-2 years peaked earlier than originally expected (that is, solar bubble burst).

Report says 2014-sharp sale years 15% to 1.77 million kW of solar panels, and 2015 (April 2015 – March 2016) forecast to decline further to 1.1 million kW; Kyocera estimated to be flat in 2014-2015-sales level of 1.2 million kW, is expected to fit sharp jump for Japan leading factory of solar cells; plus, Panasonic2014 annual sales of 840,000 kW, 2015-sold estimated 850,000 kW, Mitsubishi Motors sold 500,000 in 2014-kW (unpublished 2015 sales target).

19th Nikkei News reported that sharp solar products as the core for the massive solar power plants, but Japan downgraded the solar power purchase price, massive solar power plant construction boom, and 2014-sharp solar cell business dragged down business losses amounted to 62.6 billion yen, and Kyocera solar cells as the core sector of business-benefits also dropped 90%, In contrast specializes in residential solar Panasonic2014 solar cells revenues year to 150 billion yen, operating profit increased 20%-30% over 10%, the sole winner.

The Nikkei pointed out that residential solar panels account for Panasonic overall solar cell revenue up to 85%, and Panasonic in Japan although the market share of solar cells on the market as a whole came in 3rd place, subject to single residential solar markets, its market share up to 30% in the first place.

Panasonic18 day press release announced that the plans for Solar Panel Assembly positions Shiga factory and the production of core components of solar cells “cell” of Shimane plant as a whole dropped 9.5 billion yen, targets for 2015-end (end of March 2016) will increase the global solar cell production to 1GW per cent level.

Panasonic through color, Shimane plant, Shiga plant II bin plant and Malaysia manufacturing solar cell and Solar Cell, total annual capacity of 900MW and above production project is expected to begin production in March 2016, (production engineering) capacity of 150MW, so will Panasonic world solar cell production increased to 1.05GW (1050MW).

According to the Thomson Reuters pointed out that Panasonic Assembly positions Shiga factory to produce solar panels, two-color sea factories and Malaysia factory; Cell production facilities there are two colored bin plant, Shimane plant and Malaysia factory. Thomson Reuters said that 2014-Panasonic 700MW, 2015-solar cell sales estimates for residential use will grow to 800MW.

According to the Castrol XQ global winner system quote, as of 19th 9:26 A.M., Taipei time, Panasonic is up 0.73% 0.21%, sharp, Kyocera up maintaining flat.

Original title: Japan solar bubble burst? Sharp leading threatened, and Panasonic win

Polaris solar PV NET May 14, 2015 highlights review

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar PV NET summary of news on May 14, *ST hirun 8.8 billion transfer PV project de-listed or mitigating crisis, Shanxi solar project development guide, the high cost of financing is not conducive to the PV industry development, as follows:

*ST hirun 8.8 billion transfer PV project de-listed or mitigate crises

Guide to photovoltaic project development and construction in Shaanxi Province

High cost of financing is not conducive to the PV industry development

Two ministries are studying standards of raising renewable energy electricity price surcharge

Tianwei default Domino: or the corporate bond market back to fair tracks

Hulk: solar gold rush hit a hard threshold

Tpsi declared bankruptcy polysilicon capacity completely broken

Germany energy giant Eon transition intended to acquire stakes in Sungevity

Germany SMA solar will compress its business in China

Combined PV invest 8.8 billion yuan to hirun purchased solar energy project

Old red PV: PV financing must not be too “capricious”

Netherlands Development “solar road” helped universal wallet

Maximum solar-powered aircraft around the struggling the most dangerous journey “hard”

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PV PV mounting systems industry in the era after the wind to

Polaris solar PV net news: (reporter Chen Yanqing) in recent years, with the development of photovoltaic industry, PV business has changed in the past, “the stones” approach to development, different from the previous staking and occupy the market, earnings of power plant owners and EPC now pay more attention to power stations. And ensure the profitability of PV means generally, there are two kinds: one is to reduce the cost of investment; the second is to improve the capacity, these two approaches applies to fields of the photovoltaic industry, mounting industry is no exception.

Fixed VS track, who is the owner of true love?

PV mounting system on the whole is divided into tracks and fixed, can be understood as a simple, fixed bracket combination early in the design phase of the local environment, climate and other conditions in the fields calculated well in advance a fixed point at which can guarantee the maximum solar radiation to reach the maximum capacity, with component generally will not fix the readjustment. Tracking bracket is installed on the mounting track systems, photovoltaic modules can be realized following the Sun angles itself to move timing.

Statistics show that in a large solar power plant projects, cost accounting for PV projects with a total investment of around 21%, and investing in solar PV mounting systems total cost of around 3%.

Fixed stent, with power station components intact, one day will “waste” a lot of solar energy, but its prices are far lower than the track bracket, can reduce a lot of upfront costs for the owners. If the tracking system used in the plant, the system cost will increase 7%~10%, and later also with devices running the risk, maintenance costs, increased utility costs while tracking system, but the use of tracking system for power plant generating capacity will also increase. Power station owner faced with two choices, either choose the lower fixing bracket so as to ease current financial pressures, or choosing to invest in relatively high tracking bracket, in order to achieve the highest power.

Meibert (Xiamen) new energy company Chief Executive Officer Chan Hay

According to understanding, Meibert (Xiamen) is a has fixed and track type two species products of enterprise, for fixed type and track type how select of problem, Meibert (Xiamen) company Executive President Chan Hay said “select which species products actually depends on customer himself of needs, if customer itself of funds compared tension, so on can select fixed type bracket, if customer in funds aspects no pressure, on can select late electricity relative high of track type bracket. In addition, the track type with a fixed type has its own advantages, fixed bracket convenience decreases the cost of manual installation, and not under the influence of wind speed, power generation is relatively stable. Tracking bracket for power plant generating capacity upgrade has a distinct advantage. ”

Under the industry turmoil, businesses need to back

With the expansion of the yearly PV power station construction, many companies took a fancy to the photovoltaic field of this cake. While the solar frame nature because it was unable to get rid of rough machining of steels, the relatively low levels of science and technology, number of businesses expanded the c section of mounting business and supports enterprises to reach thousands. More and more intense competition in the industry, as it is more than low prices, outstanding, quality mixed industry turmoil, in this case, quality of the PV power station is under threat.

For the stent industry phenomenon of low price competition, said Chan Hay “one divides into two price wars should treat, from price war to some extent can promote innovation, improve technology and raise the level of the industry as a whole, but malicious price competition can damage the healthy and sustainable development of the industry. Short term low price competition might win a place for the enterprise, but the decline in product quality will be hidden to PV for quality, such as scaffold safety is not high, the pressure difference causes the photovoltaic power stations do not run smoothly, the station owner caused great losses in the EPC, while such conduct will result in customer loss of confidence in business were worth. Of course, all organizations need to consider cost control, our client is no exception, under such circumstances, Meibert (Xiamen) adhering to the “quality, service and design” concept, continually optimize cost control and upgrade product design, improve work efficiency, to give our clients a reasonable price and high quality products. ”

Quality and service, corporate foothold

PV mounting systems are important components of photovoltaic power plant, if the design is not reasonable, quality standards, in the climatic accidents, to the plant’s effects may be fatal. Scenes on the ground, for mounting snow resistance, corrosion resistance and durability have higher requirements. Scene on the roof, you require a good stent product flexibility and strong wind resistance, we can produce a high degree of, can meet all kinds of roof installation requirements, as well as to ensure the stability and ease of installation of the bracket.

Chan Hay introduced “fixed low price bracket, and can ensure the smooth operation of photovoltaic power plant for 25 years, practical, and is still the mainstream market. Meibert’s flagship brand 2015SNEC exhibition MRac series are stationary technical routes. ”

According to reports, Meibert (Xiamen) MRac series bracket is mainly suitable for large PV installations, the product has a high degree of pre-installation characteristic, applies to the ability to withstand snow is more demanding of the installation area, as well as front and rear left and right and up and down direction to adjust the entire system, greatly reduces the requirements for precision. The series mounting system through a variety of different design ideas, without sacrificing support overall strength, reduce project costs, increase the efficiency. Supports high-quality aluminium alloy 6005 material having high strength and corrosion resistance, specializing in structural design under the premise of ensuring system strength, installation time is greatly improved, significantly reducing installation costs.

Meibert (Xiamen) MRac series flat-roof PV mounting system mainly through the cement base or fixed ballast system as a whole in order to achieve a strong wind resistance. Through targeted research and optimal design, MRac roof PV mounting system with a variety of roof hooks and clamps, parts of the scaffold system reduced stability strengthening, quick installation, easy to transport, significant savings in installation time and labour, can be applied to most of the roofs, and good flexibility, high degree of business, can meet all kinds of roof installation requirements.

Chan Hay said Meibert (Xiamen) core philosophy is “quality and service”. Product quality and service is the foothold, no quality, all the promises are empty promises without service, even the best products will be buried.

Polaris solar PV NET weekly Hots collection (5.11-5.15)

Polaris solar PV net news: policy review

Yangzhong city, Jiangsu on accelerating the implementation of distributed photovoltaic power generation demonstration

To conscientiously implement the Zhenjiang city, country, province, promoting the development of photovoltaic industry and speed up the PV application of policy advice, accelerate, yangzhong city, Jiangsu PV industry development and photovoltaic projects construction, promote the “Golden Roof” project, to create “green energy island” is now put forward the following suggestions.

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Market review

1, the European Union once again what is the meaning behind the PV to China last spring?

Although the PV Application market is “in full swing”, but this still does not offset the Europe against China “double reverse” had a negative impact. While a few days ago, as the EU’s PV of “double back” in the first place – European Photovoltaic Manufacturers Association (EU ProSun) submitted a complaint to the European Commission again. This time, accusing the Chinese PV industry traveled through Malaysia third place, a product sold in Europe to circumvent the tariff.

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2, 100MW power station 200 million tax land tax has become a nightmare of photovoltaic companies

Recently, a PV industry Executive told the journalists reflects the local levy tax burden on enterprises heavily indebted. “Taking Inner Mongolia as an example, a 100MW power station on the ground, you need to pay a one-off 40 million Yuan tax on land occupation, land use tax paid 8 million yuan per year, has accumulated 200 million tax works out to 20 years. “For example, the official said.

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3, PV subsidy policy throughout the country summary

In recent years, the Government has issued a series of policies to support the development of the photovoltaic industry, but due to the large upfront investment, and long payback period, and also attracted the most attention is the PV photovoltaic policy subsidies. For everyone to look clearer and more quickly get the subsidy policies, edit summary for everyone across the PV subsidy policy.

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4, PV project development and construction of Shaanxi Guide

For 3 consecutive years from 2014, Shaanxi Province, size of about 100 MW per year, through the roof to building distributed, including power generation, building-integrated photovoltaic power plant. According to 1/w standards for distributed PV power station construction grant and encouraged city and County financial arrangements financial subsidies for PV power generation projects.

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5, PV rear area layout

In a number of areas of non-hot performed the layouts, either through a single item mode or large-scale industrial cooperation, to a certain extent, to help ensure a strong position in the cooperation.

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6, 2014 China PV export profile

To some extent, PV industry in China is still faced with raw materials, market “two out” situation, the present photovoltaic cells and modules in China, mainly in processing trade exports reached 52% per cent of exports, external trade cases this extremely easy.

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Comment article

1, Solarcity why can not be copied in China?

Whether it is “Internet + energy” concept or the power of big brother “energy Internet” energy circle as the little red book opened the idea of Pandora, but what about the reality of the situation? But the author’s PV industry experience, reality seems not so beautiful.

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2, PV calls for affordable Internet access to what?

SNEC Conference, PV business leaders call on photovoltaic and cheap Internet access as soon as possible, get rid of dependence on subsidies. According to most people’s minds, Government subsidies may be happy or too late, now PV enterprises keep out subsidies, how on earth did these Presidents think?

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3, the “foreign media in China,” China PV industry expansion is pending investment in billions of dollars

According to Reuters, China PV industry manufacturers are raising as much as billions of dollars of capital, with a view to concluding a new expansion plan. However, due to the solar energy industry under the influence of the global economy, it will also be a big test of confidence to investors.

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4, PV line thoughts

Panel c-SI PV system costs way down, also some problems due to the concentrated photovoltaic itself, by 2014, the once-fiery concentrating photovoltaic companies, has almost wiped out. The marketization process suffered serious setbacks, concentrating photovoltaic technology will have a future?

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5, old red PV: PV financing must not be too “capricious”

Perhaps because of concern for too long, perhaps because of years of financial industry experience, old red of the current PV industry investment market feeling is different from many people. Results may provoke “brick”.

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Enterprise version

1, tianwei default Domino: or the corporate bond market return risk reasonable priced tracks

Tianwei group defaults in three of record-the first State-owned enterprise bond defaults; in defaulted debt issue is rated the highest, highest principal. Several analysts believe that as a State-owned enterprise bonds, tianwei votes in the second material breach than expected, corporate bond defaults or embody the supervision wishes to break the rigid payment intentions, which may in the future will move toward normalization.

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2, YieldCo into a new favorite! More than photovoltaic solar power company intends to spin off business independent listed

Reporter recently noted that in Hong Kong-listed company is brewing business spun off part of their power plants and packaging market. Previously, outgoing similar listed companies have planned include solar, jinko, chint group power plant business, and so on. If counting other companies to be listed, that new energy IPO companies this year is expected to reach as much as 5.

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3, the former giant, sharp’s dilemma

As time goes by, things change, many had good companies will only be the last memory. Troubled former RSVPs and the sharp now. On March 11, Sharpe’s shares plummeted, its biggest one-day decline since 1974. This slump, seems to be due to sharp reduction registered capital.

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4, backed by merchants combined PV shot hareon White Knights

In the PV industry has “best actor” name hareon is put on a movie, and this time it was called the joint PV. Hareon said in a statement late on May 13, with integrated PV cooperation contemplated PV cooperation agreement signed, tentative about the total transaction price of 8.8 billion yuan, jointly develop 930 megawatts of photovoltaic power project.

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5, Yingli duly 1.2 billion medium-term notes gradually gave up on photovoltaic integration mode

The main propelled Yingli will change even gradually abandon vertical integration strategy of the photovoltaic industry, a “crowdsourcing” model is being seen on its entire value chain. Duly 1.2 billion in medium-term notes, Yingli slightly slow breath.

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6, Green Giant: solar gold rush hit a hard threshold

With the fast in, fast out of evergrande, capital market not to force, invest in PV seems again to “hole” in the direction of. Therefore, Shi Yuzhu is nasty. Grid-connected Hulk in the ALXA desert has two solar power stations, 150 MW and one of them is blind. At this point, how to turn the tide, the Hulk once again turned to the issues of concern to the parties.

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7, Tong Wei shares new energy industry can “brace”?

For 3 months for material asset reorganization of tongwei shares on May 11 on resumption of trading. The reorganization is completed, tongwei 4.05 billion shares be investing in new energy industries, from simple agricultural companies to both agriculture and the new concept of energy industry companies. The new energy market prospects? Can “brace”? And will affect the company’s future development?

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2014 exports China PV overview

Polaris solar PV net news: to a certain extent, PV industry in China is still faced with raw materials, market “two out” situation, the present photovoltaic cells and modules in China, mainly in processing trade exports reached 52% per cent of exports, external trade cases this extremely easy.

With the domestic market and in recent years the rapid start, high dependence of PV industry in China was obviously relieved. However, in the face of huge memory capacity, meaning to China PV industry in the international market, should not be underestimated.

Throughout 2014 China PV products import and export data, it can be seen that the entire industry is still high dependence on foreign export market structure is not stable enough, risks are still high.

In 2014, China’s import and export volume of solar photovoltaic cells $ 18.28 billion, an increase of 15.09%. Among them, exports of 14.41 billion dollars, an increase of 17.27%, export volume grew by 8.05%; imports $ 3.87 billion, an increase of 7.62%, imports grew by 6.25%.

This suggests that export dependence of photovoltaic products in China is still too high.

From the export structure and market point of view, PV product exports are also evident the following main issues: relies too heavily on processing trade, has not yet been formed independently developed systems, structural instability of the export market, emerging markets at any time there is a risk trade friction and so on.

Market structure is still not stable

2014 photovoltaic cells market statistics

In 2014, the Chinese PV share of exports to the traditional markets-Europe, drop large increases in Asia, Latin America and other emerging markets is clear. Japan and the United States and the Netherlands before three China PV market. And since installing causes United Kingdom market imported from China PV module in 2014 and short-term surge.

That year, China solar photovoltaics Europe exports to $ 2.816 billion, fell 24.25%, or even dropping below 20% per cent of exports of lower-level, China PV product exports share of only 19.55%. Among them, exports to the EU accounted for more than 19.05%.

Meanwhile, become China’s photovoltaic products are mainly exported to markets in Asia, its exports were the largest proportion, reaching US $ 7.854 billion, an increase of 42.73%.

2014 growth’s largest market, are Latin America and other emerging markets, exports of $ 486 million, rose as high as 159.21%.

It is worth mentioning that, since United States PV two-handed backhand for the second time to China and Canada to China PV double reverse warning cases affected, in order to avoid retroactive punishment is imposed by the tariff, photovoltaic cells are exported to North America and short-term surge in China, an increase of 27.52%, total exports 16.4%.

2014 Chinese photovoltaic cells export country statistics

From exporting countries, Japan ranked in 2014, PV product exports to Japan amounted to $ 4.88 billion, total exports accounted for more than 33.86%, the year grew by 61.24%. Whereas in order to avoid trade frictions lead to retrospective taxation, I am United States exports $ 2.168 billion, also 29.35%.

In addition, because the United Kingdom Government’s decision after April 1, 2015, the installed capacity greater than 5MW of ground-mounted PV systems will no longer be eligible to apply for subsidy under the renewables obligation certificate mechanism, which led to late 2014 United Kingdom installing photovoltaic market boom, thus stimulating a surge in Chinese exports of photovoltaic products on the market.

Thus, United Kingdom PV products for the export market in 2014, ranking China fourth annual PV products compared with imports from China rose 156.24%, the total amount to $ 899 million.

Processing trade high

In terms of export trade structure, for now, still occupy a major position of processing trade and general trade maintained stable growth.

Data show that 2014 annual China solar cell processing trade exports US $ 7.585 billion, exports accounted for up to 52.64%, an increase of 15.75%.

Meanwhile, the trade generally also showed rapid growth in its exports to 6.35 billion dollars, accounted for more than 44.07%, jumped to 25.95%.

Significant growth in general trade exports, shows that photovoltaic cells manufacturing level in China is continuously improving.

On the internal distribution of exporting provinces, is still the traditional province of Jiangsu photovoltaic products account for nearly half of exports, solar photovoltaic cells, Jiangsu Province, annual exports of US $ 6.734 billion, 46.73 per cent share. Zhejiang and Hebei is ranked second to third, 1.246 billion dollars respectively in exports and US $ 1.194 billion, accounted for more than 8%, an increase of more than 15%.

Export orders should be standardized

Currently, about half of China’s photovoltaic cell and its products for export, showing China’s PV industry external dependence is still relatively high.

As the domestic photovoltaic market developments stand, although the State has issued a series of policies to boost photovoltaic industry, but still be financing market, high construction costs and long payback period, network difficult problems, needs to be addressed.

To some extent, PV industry in China is still faced with raw materials, market “two out” situation, exports are still the main way of processing trade, reached 52%, external trade cases this extremely easy.

Also, due to the low level of overall industry profits, and insufficient investment in research and development, most photovoltaic production enterprises have not been built sophisticated research and development system, in addition to prices of export products, and other elements of competitiveness.

In recent years, China’s exports of photovoltaic products were frequently trade frictions, blocked exports to traditional markets in Europe and America.

In 2013, India, and Australia are starting to launch trade remedy cases; in early 2014, United States second launch anti-dumping countervailing investigations against the Chinese solar products, export Canada PV product against a double warning.

This shows, our structures of photovoltaic products for the export market are far from stable.

In addition, worthy of attention is that since 2013, some small photovoltaic companies in Japan and other signs of emerging market sales has begun to appear, you should beware the signs of protectionism in the market.

According to customs statistics, photovoltaic cells and modules in China export enterprises are mainly concentrated in Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang and other coastal areas, solar product exports more than $ 500,000 from 2013 the number of enterprises increased from 330 to 413, 2013 due to shortage of funds, was near collapse of small photovoltaic companies, by way of OEM profitability, also start squeezing export market.

2014 photovoltaic cells export provinces and municipalities in China statistics

In view of this, industry has entered a period of formation of market-led adjustment. In this context, industry export order specifications, and related standards, self-regulation codes, etc, have to be established. (This is an excerpt from the book, the photovoltaic Business Guide for international business, slightly edited, author Sun Guangbin Vice Secretary of China machinery and electronic products import and export Chamber of Commerce, Chamber President Jason for Chinese solar PV products branch staff)

Original title: 2014 exports China PV overview

PV development needs the support third-party data

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, a seemingly big PV companies award, due to data fraud may suffer from industry and media criticism. Authoritative and neutral data is missing, even many winners: “inaccurate data, leads to the award of the gold content is very low. ”

Data ineffective supervision award chaos tufted

In the circumstances of a national drive to develop clean energy, PV development are maturing and rational, many troubled industries are gradually able to mitigate the problem of the development of, and lack of national authoritative data platform and slow update rate, coordination with the rapidly developing PV is enough. At present, the PV industry cannot change data collection simple and rough, always in “talking to themselves” State. That reality obscures the real development of the photovoltaic industry data at the same time, it also increases the difficulty of national strategy of developing photovoltaic, which can be seen from some Government reports one or two, many Government reference information required majority from authority data abroad.

“Selection and award” the gathered is the most popular activity, according to the data set forth different awards are awards for the best of reasons. Some enterprises to meet their financing needs for various awards in droves, even by heavily buying prizes. This phenomenon also occurs in the current of the PV industry. In the enduring popularity of the contest, the lack of statistical data provided by the adjudicating body has the right to speak, activity data provided by the candidate enterprises themselves, are not easy to understand reporting data cannot be full guarantees of impartiality and objectivity. Quite water award, “money prize”, and even prizes tailored to enterprise data are not uncommon in the PV industry, not only reduces the level of winners, also led to a flood of enterprise’s vicious competition.

Third-party trusted data to promote photovoltaic boom logos

Data is missing something overnight, set up large data is not an easy thing to do, but “Internet +” wave of the rise for PC-open new ways, but also for the energy Internet platform provides new possibilities of data analysis.

To envision as a representative of a group of energy companies in China is rapidly building up energy that great big data platform, the vision in the field of wind power has been in the top three energy in the PV field, select out of the manufacturing industry, to concentrate on making authoritative third-party data platform roads, avoid “is both referee and player” arising from a variety of ills.

Now this model has received widespread industry recognition, vision launched Apollo PV TM cloud platform to achieve a full range of data collection, and for missing data of the photovoltaic industry provided timely additions. Apollo solar TM cloud platform not only gets data from the inverter, also available as weather station, bus, meter boxes, DC Cabinet, or even collect data directly from the string component, then formed a diversity of data, more reliable than a single data, big data analytics to efficiently support subsequent mining and value creation. From the PV power plant planning and design, construction and inspection, maintenance, and asset management to the asset life-cycle assessments and transaction data platform. For investors to provide risk management services for each station the entire life cycle of the asset risk assessment and rating, overall performance of comprehensive evaluation utility to determine station’s transactions and potential trade value, real address industry pain points.

With third-party, independent, objective and impartial as well as Apollo PV TM characteristics of cloud platforms, envision energy won this year’s annual “Internet PV platform innovator” award at the same time also have the support of the PV industry of domestic and foreign certification bodies. Leading solar company ja solar PV TM cloud platform, transit vision together, the Apollo, which, since the beginning of January, vision of Apollo for transit PV PV TM cloud platform has provided more than 20 centralized monitoring of distributed power station. Unlike energy cooperation with international authoritative data TÜV Bayern, domestic PV data step by step with international practice stage. With features such as third-party, independent, objective and impartial Apollo PV TM cloud platform, with its powerful online data platform, combined with the TÜV southern Germany under major line to test, evaluate, for photovoltaic plant monitoring, asset management, operations, investment analysis, and other more efficient provision of value added services. This reporter learned that, envision energy TÜV southern Germany plans against the second half, will jointly publish third-party modules, inverters and power plant performance benchmarking data together for the rational development of the domestic photovoltaic industry.

Original title: PV development needs the support third-party data

The magnificence of photovoltaic industry in Inner Mongolia “hidden worries”

Polaris solar PV net news: in recent years, strong support from the State and the regional government’s efforts, the photovoltaic industry has been developing rapidly in my area, from 2006, the Sheng-Nagy, Central, Dunan, Shen Zhou, Shan sheng, Feng wei and a number of well-known enterprises have invested in Inner Mongolia solar project. 2013 since the country introduced electricity subsidies in particular, our region also plans to support the development of photovoltaic industry policy, the solar photovoltaic industry appears to me the district gathered the gratifying situation. However, reflected from the enterprise point of view, our area solar energy photovoltaic industry has achieved good results, but there is still a chain is not complete, corporate finance, tax and fee burden, incorporations and subsidy procedures complex and difficult issues, if not to be taken seriously and resolved, I create the blueprint for photovoltaic industry base in China is likely to evaporate.

Both ends of the photovoltaic industry in Inner Mongolia, a lesser

PV is a silicon, silicon ingots, wafers, solar cells, an industrial chain of application components to the power station. I district PV industry development main concentrated in two part, part is to Silicon material production mainly, as Shenzhou silicon industry, and country electric Crystal Yang, and front Granville new energy, and shield Ann PV, and baotou three sheng, and Sheng Nagy, and in the ring PV material limited, company, basic are is to production polysilicon or silicon mainly; second part is to PV station construction mainly of Terminal application, like in Inner Mongolia big friends, and in Inner Mongolia Island, and Shenzhou PV, and in the ring energy (in Inner Mongolia) limited, and shield Ann photoelectric and domestic central new energy industry of five senior small,, Almost all of the building has photovoltaic power plant in Inner Mongolia.

At present, photovoltaic industry development has a considerable scale. Of polysilicon production enterprises in China is less than 20, Inner Mongolia accounted for 5, around 22000 tonnes per year. Sheng-Nagy, Central, along with Sun and Moon and other production Silicon rods, sections of the enterprise. Power plant construction also develops rapidly, and by the end of 2014, our region cumulative PV installed capacity of 3000 MW, and has become one of the top five PV installed capacity. In particular photovoltaic and modern animal husbandry and vegetable greenhouses, a combination of rural poverty reduction models, effectively raised the level of land use and people’s incomes. From the entire industry chain, I was sorely lacking in the PV industry is a component manufacturer and inverter companies. So far, I have not a production module and inverter business. So that in the future if the inverter module manufacturers and domestic enterprises to introduce, the autonomous region’s PV industry chain is perfect.

The enterprises ‘ financing difficulties, small profit margins

It is understood that in addition to the industrial chain is not complete, I PV industry also challenges in financing, which includes not only the Silicon material enterprises, including power plant construction companies. Silicon-producing enterprise, due to the substantial investment in technical innovation, equipment, costs, most companies have financial difficulties. Inner Mongolia Dunan photovoltaic technology limited (hereinafter “Dunan PV”) as an example. Dunan PV, phase annual output of 5000 tons of polycrystalline silicon project started in April 2010, and put into operation in September 2011, 2014-polysilicon manufacturing costs at around 110,000 yuan per ton, plus interest and financial costs such as technical innovation, coupled with the market downturn, the price instability, caused profit margins being squeezed. If you do not scale to reduce costs and poor corporate earnings, and expand the scale of primary is facing financing difficulties. Similarly, the Shenzhou Silicon limited liability company in Inner Mongolia now has an annual production capacity of 5000 tons of polycrystalline silicon, the entire device to achieve a continuous and stable production, but under the influence of foreign dumping of raw materials prices and costs led to serious upside down, causing business losses for two consecutive years, expansion and technology upgrades are subject to varying degrees affected. To reproduction, is facing financing problems. Surplus due to PV industry a few years ago, and “double back” and so on, companies find it difficult to borrow money from the Bank.

Not only Silicon enterprise financing problem, power station companies also exist. On submit again in 2014, according to annual notification of construction scheme for photovoltaic power generation projects, as at the end of 2013, I have approved the filing of solar power a total of 123 surface power project, the cumulative capacity of 3510.305MWp, and most of these projects not completed on schedule. According to the introduction, this mostly because of State subsidies for the solar power plant policy change, and raising less money as a result of the enterprise. In order to speed up the industrialization of domestic photovoltaic power generation and large-scale development, State Ministry of finance, Ministry of construction, Ministry of science and technology, Department of energy has released in 2009, the “photovoltaic building integration” and “Golden Sun” project two supporting documents included two power projects, the State will give subsidies. Subsequently, the domestic photovoltaic power plant construction starts. As the market changes, in 2013, the State canceled the programs and change into electricity subsidies. So, putting pressure on the pre financing of enterprises, thus causing a lot of projects have been given quotas cannot be built.

High cost of PV land use

PV power station construction is the PV terminals only PV power station construction, can drive the industry development, and play a role in saving energy and protecting the environment. Large-scale construction of photovoltaic power plants, first of all is to be profitable. At present, the State issued a subsidy per kilowatt, photovoltaic power plant about 15 years of profit, but due to the high power plant maintenance, land use fee, profit space and not much, seriously undermined the incentive. According to introduced, in in Inner Mongolia built a 50 MW of PV project, Government by project total accounted for to area charged arable land occupy tax, and land using tax, and land compensation fee, and ecological construction compensation fee, and soil and water conservation compensation fee, and Prairie vegetation compensation fee, addition according to land titles area (made land Office reply of construction with to area) charged land transfer gold, and deed, national provides of land the tax (fee) aspects of costs, tax standard all by construction with to standard charged, except land using tax annually charged outside, remaining one-time charged, Only that part of the land cost, companies will pay 330 million Yuan.

Industry believes that, although the country has issued a number of opinions supporting the PV industry, the relevant supporting policies such as taxation, land was not issued in time, affected normal operating photovoltaic power generation business and investment activity. Recommends that the relevant government departments, reference wind turbine manufacturers tax policy only PV requisition of land and conversion of land taxes on farmland occupation tax, land-use and vegetation restoration cost, the remaining land lease form is appropriate.

Incorporation subsidies long cycle

In order to expand domestic applications, solve the overcapacity problem, the National Energy Board in 2013 on speeding up the development of distributed PV policy was introduced, encouraging users to power, national grid, the State administration of taxation has issued a matching policy. But the reality is, as in Inner Mongolia and other places, slow development of distributed generation, mainly because in addition to the financing, low roof, a more important reason is that incorporation difficult. In accordance with the policies of the State grid Corporation, local power company to unconditionally provide free access for photovoltaic power generation. In practice, the majority of distributed generation and offline for several years, rooftop photovoltaic panels into the device. Some even go to the net, no obligations for electricity for sale.

Meanwhile, utility subsidies have long cycle is also a factor. It is understood that the new project connected, you need at least 1 year or so purchase electricity for sale, land, environmental protection, water conservation, fire protection, power business licenses, completion of formalities and processed before it can declare subsidies reported to release subsidy period is too long. Projects that have been on a list of subsidies subsidies does not implement the State Council issued the opinions on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry in the provisions settled in full each month. Related companies suggested that new project as long as the power grid dispatching electricity metering, you should give subsidies in a timely manner, should not set preconditions of the many subsidies, projects that have been included in the subsidy list monthly electricity subsidies.

Industry believes that occurs largely because related aspects are not enthusiastic. First, the enthusiasm of local governments is not high. Distributed solar projects on local taxation, employment contribution is small, local governments do not pay attention to their playing a positive role in energy conservation and emission reduction, thus solving the problem not been active enough. Second, electricity companies and investors are not enthusiastic. At present national subsidies for distributed project standards like, no geographical price differences in the development of distributed electricity price subsidy, ignoring the distributed dependencies the project return on investment for local basic rate. In West Inner Mongolia region, large industrial 0.487 Yuan/degree, distributed project offers energy-saving benefits even reached 0.2 Yuan/kWh, per workshop 2000 square meters of electricity enterprises and the benefits each year, fewer than 20,000 yuan, will hardly be attractive, while yielding 0.7 Yuan/degree of investor, and the payback period of more than 1 year of above, also not very attractive. Third, the power grid enterprises are not enthusiastic. Distributed development model to the existing power grid enterprise’s profit is a hit, is a breakthrough for power grid monopoly power products, so ideologically unwilling to advance grid enterprises, not to mention the initiative to solve the problem. Finally, banks are not enthusiastic about. Due to the distributed project income on electricity companies ‘ business operations and settlement credibility a heavy reliance on electricity tariffs, while Bank risk prevention means going far enough, compared to terrestrial photovoltaic power plant, willing to lend is not strong.

At present, the increasing attention to environmental protection and energy saving, in the international and domestic situations, development and use of clean and renewable energy, improving air quality has become a consensus of the international community. I made built to protect the capital of Inner Mongolia, serving the North, facing the country’s clean energy base in order to achieve this goal, vigorously develop renewable photovoltaic industry is also a practical choice.

Entered 2015, I district introduced has can renewable energy supportability acquisition long-term mechanism guide views, guarantees has distributed power Internet of problem; National Energy Council in on issued 2015 years PV power construction implementation programme of notification in the clear said, for roof distributed PV power project and all spontaneous use of ground distributed PV power project not limit construction scale, at any time handle record and grid of powerful policy; while national of power reform also in through distributed PV power Internet of problem. But they only really landed, to play its due role, I only know these problems and good grasp of the industry, through obstruction more quickly, and Inner Mongolia to build China’s blueprint to achieve PV industry base.

Original title: the magnificence of photovoltaic industry in Inner Mongolia “hidden worries”

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“Intelligent solar tracking system” why is economic accounts?

Polaris solar PV net news: Internet “+” catalytic, traditional photovoltaic companies in transition to the intelligence of the beginning of the Internet pressure increases, “always on the smart track system” means CITIC BO intelligent transformation of PV “top heavy”.

Always on the intelligent tracking is committed to creating stability for the intelligent tracking and photovoltaic power generation system based on economic benefit of high capacity. “Never stop” after full of imagination, Bo is CITIC hopes and plant and plant operation and maintenance of utility investors “chemistry” of smart PV systems.

President Han Qinghao for intelligent tracking system in the new energy is very concerned about.

(Reporter Wang Shasha) CITIC BO launched a variety of new photovoltaic tracking product, is set in PV power plant operation and maintenance strategies in the future. Different from other companies, “selling” strategy, CITIC BO’s ideas through products such as the intelligent tracking system, and gradually establish a subdivision scenario a small PV ecosystem.

At present, the CITIC BO intelligent solar tracking system has established a single axle, inclined uniaxial, biaxial and four products with adjustable fixing system, and get a large-scale application. “As far as current photovoltaic technology, to further improve all aspects of PV power generation, seems to have encountered a bottleneck in the short term, in the face of pressure from large investment gains, and how to further reduce costs and improve power generation, photovoltaic power plant investors cannot avoid the real problem.” CITIC Chairman Bill CAI Bo told reporters that the component conversion efficiency significantly within a short time difficult, upgrading the efficiency of the inverter is getting slower, in this case, how to further increase the generating capacity is indeed a problem. Based on this we set our sights on solar tracking systems.

CITIC blog took with other platform Giants go different ways: segmentation strategies. “Now everyone says that based on smart PV of ‘ energy Internet ‘ explosion is possible through a ‘ burst ‘ products or systems. But I think that this platform specific smart product to support. “CITIC BO Wang Shitao, the Chief Engineer said. In his view, smart PV implementation is required by a large number of intelligent devices, different usage scenarios to form ecosystems, according to the specific needs of utility investors offer corresponding solutions.

In short, this is a niche market.

Intelligent tracking system is a good example. Power plant investment group CITIC blog tracking system product positioning is the pursuit of efficiency, benefit from power plant lifecycle investor. Traditional mode, profit model mainly depends on the parties between investors and manufacturers, asymmetry of information between manufacturers and vendors. From the component vendor perspective, valued in the past was mainly how the plant capacity; other carriers and device makers are limited to provide operation and maintenance management and equipment.

President Han Qinghao details in the new energy smart tracking system.

CITIC BO is hardware equipment-tracking from the PV system breakthrough power station solved the “small circle” among the people, equipment, benefits of connectivity issues, providing them with “redundant” solution. CITIC BO which is a so-called “smart PV” point.

“Track system” just a path needs-CITIC BO “smart track” on PV industry of imagine more than Yu this: in track technology aspects, CITIC BO “never downtime” select has GPS timing of way, to gets local of time and longitude degrees, System internal used high precision of astronomical algorithm to obtained track angle, external of conditions has does not effects to track system gets corresponding track location of information, clock track Sun. “The premise of stability of these tracking systems. “Wang Shitao said.

CITIC Chief Engineer Wang Shitao Bo Han Qinghao to President of new energy in introducing Intelligent tracking system.

For most people in the industry, PV tracking systems is small enough, it is not PV power plant just needs. In fact, even if the Tracker on the promotion of electricity have been recognized, but some investors are still reluctant to venture. One must face the cost and reliability issues. 7%~10% tracking system will improve the system cost, and later also with devices running the risk, cost, and so on. In addition, years of running Tracker will malfunction and wear and tear. If Tracker fails, the system will be significantly decreased.

In this regard, said Wang Shitao, although redundant tracking system from the view of some increased costs in the short term, but the owners are more concerned about the costs of investment proceeds from the power station can take back, if electricity generation increased enough, the owner doesn’t care if “redundancy” system increases costs. In fact, Bo the redundant backup systems, CITIC, from a product design perspective, equally to the cost per watt is very small, compared with the additional revenue to the customer can be ignored. When we were doing technical solutions to customers, usually at the proposed project site selection, measuring the power output percentage increase than 5% more than investment costs increased.

For example, if the investment costs are rising 8 points, power output increased by 13 points, so the revenue will increase by 5 points, 5 points real gains can be assured, will not be wasted owing to lack of reliability of the system.

Wang Shitao introduction, “this intelligent,” never stop “the tracking system until 2015 start entering the domestic market on a large scale, we primarily overseas, returned to the domestic market this year, mostly home owners began accepting these concepts, that is, through the use of” intelligent tracking “system to improve their income.

And some power plant investors ‘ fears on the other, is, in the United States of large power station, solar tracking system had over 50%, in which billionaire investor Warren Buffett has invested $ 2 billion acquisition in the United States of 750MW monomers of the world’s largest photovoltaic power plant in California, this plant was used in flat single-axis trackers. This proved largely niche utility investor tracking system in the field of recognition.

According to the survey, global PV market in 2012 to about 10GW 2GW,2020 years or more. IHS’s latest report also predicted that global sales of single-axis solar Tracker expected explosive growth in recent years, and in 2020, more than $ 2 billion. China’s market for tracing in 2015 there will be an outbreak, are expected to explode to 1GW is estimated to be about 300-500MW,2016 years.

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Accurate poverty when poverty encountered distributed PV receipts?

Polaris solar PV net news: PV poverty is poverty alleviation work in new ways as new areas of expanding PV market is conducive to people’s income, lifestyle changes benefit the masses, has obvious industries and social and economic benefits.

Precise, accurate, fair, unable to work the poor for poverty alleviation, to ensure their timely access to revenue from electricity sales, from “Golden Sun” blood transfusion, such as poverty alleviation to hematopoietic pro-poor change.

Due to agricultural facilities to benefit more complex, only measured households with poor earnings distributed mode.

And boundary conditions

In accordance with national provisions, present relevant documentation, fees fixed, fee rates, in yuexi County, Anhui Province as an example, the poor installation of 3kW rooftop power generation systems, investing 10 Yuan/w, according to the one-third of the provinces, counties, farmers put construction funds, that farmers need to account for 10000 Yuan.

According to Anhui Province of light resources and sunshine Shi number, years using hours number by 1025 hours calculation (reference 2014 China solar power construction statistics evaluation report), battery pieces attenuation rate reference National Energy Council on sought played market role promoting PV technology progress and industry upgrade views of letter (country can fully new can (2015) 51st,) in the Supreme attenuation rate ceiling (first years attenuation rate 2.5%, 25 years within attenuation rate 20%), 25 years within electricity estimates following:

Er, payback period and income estimates

Household-type distributed photovoltaic grid-connected power generation projects in all Internet terms, tariff is calculated by 1/kW.h, payback period calculations are as follows:

Sales revenue 11867 1–4 years;

Sales revenue 56138 20 years before;

Taking into account the terms of State subsidies for 20 new benchmark di21-25 years price by local desulfurized coal-fired electricity price 0.4069 Yuan/kWh calculations (according to the national development and Reform Commission on reducing coal-fired electricity price and electricity price for industry and Commerce issued the notice to change price (2015) Regulation No. 748), the total income of 5226.

To sum up, farmers invest 10,000 yuan, in the fourth year of cost recovery, the remaining 21 years can get stable profit.

Original title: when poverty encountered distributed PV, precise poverty alleviation and income?