Polaris solar PV net news: in recent years, strong support from the State and the regional government’s efforts, the photovoltaic industry has been developing rapidly in my area, from 2006, the Sheng-Nagy, Central, Dunan, Shen Zhou, Shan sheng, Feng wei and a number of well-known enterprises have invested in Inner Mongolia solar project. 2013 since the country introduced electricity subsidies in particular, our region also plans to support the development of photovoltaic industry policy, the solar photovoltaic industry appears to me the district gathered the gratifying situation. However, reflected from the enterprise point of view, our area solar energy photovoltaic industry has achieved good results, but there is still a chain is not complete, corporate finance, tax and fee burden, incorporations and subsidy procedures complex and difficult issues, if not to be taken seriously and resolved, I create the blueprint for photovoltaic industry base in China is likely to evaporate.
Both ends of the photovoltaic industry in Inner Mongolia, a lesser
PV is a silicon, silicon ingots, wafers, solar cells, an industrial chain of application components to the power station. I district PV industry development main concentrated in two part, part is to Silicon material production mainly, as Shenzhou silicon industry, and country electric Crystal Yang, and front Granville new energy, and shield Ann PV, and baotou three sheng, and Sheng Nagy, and in the ring PV material limited, company, basic are is to production polysilicon or silicon mainly; second part is to PV station construction mainly of Terminal application, like in Inner Mongolia big friends, and in Inner Mongolia Island, and Shenzhou PV, and in the ring energy (in Inner Mongolia) limited, and shield Ann photoelectric and domestic central new energy industry of five senior small,, Almost all of the building has photovoltaic power plant in Inner Mongolia.
At present, photovoltaic industry development has a considerable scale. Of polysilicon production enterprises in China is less than 20, Inner Mongolia accounted for 5, around 22000 tonnes per year. Sheng-Nagy, Central, along with Sun and Moon and other production Silicon rods, sections of the enterprise. Power plant construction also develops rapidly, and by the end of 2014, our region cumulative PV installed capacity of 3000 MW, and has become one of the top five PV installed capacity. In particular photovoltaic and modern animal husbandry and vegetable greenhouses, a combination of rural poverty reduction models, effectively raised the level of land use and people’s incomes. From the entire industry chain, I was sorely lacking in the PV industry is a component manufacturer and inverter companies. So far, I have not a production module and inverter business. So that in the future if the inverter module manufacturers and domestic enterprises to introduce, the autonomous region’s PV industry chain is perfect.
The enterprises ‘ financing difficulties, small profit margins
It is understood that in addition to the industrial chain is not complete, I PV industry also challenges in financing, which includes not only the Silicon material enterprises, including power plant construction companies. Silicon-producing enterprise, due to the substantial investment in technical innovation, equipment, costs, most companies have financial difficulties. Inner Mongolia Dunan photovoltaic technology limited (hereinafter “Dunan PV”) as an example. Dunan PV, phase annual output of 5000 tons of polycrystalline silicon project started in April 2010, and put into operation in September 2011, 2014-polysilicon manufacturing costs at around 110,000 yuan per ton, plus interest and financial costs such as technical innovation, coupled with the market downturn, the price instability, caused profit margins being squeezed. If you do not scale to reduce costs and poor corporate earnings, and expand the scale of primary is facing financing difficulties. Similarly, the Shenzhou Silicon limited liability company in Inner Mongolia now has an annual production capacity of 5000 tons of polycrystalline silicon, the entire device to achieve a continuous and stable production, but under the influence of foreign dumping of raw materials prices and costs led to serious upside down, causing business losses for two consecutive years, expansion and technology upgrades are subject to varying degrees affected. To reproduction, is facing financing problems. Surplus due to PV industry a few years ago, and “double back” and so on, companies find it difficult to borrow money from the Bank.
Not only Silicon enterprise financing problem, power station companies also exist. On submit again in 2014, according to annual notification of construction scheme for photovoltaic power generation projects, as at the end of 2013, I have approved the filing of solar power a total of 123 surface power project, the cumulative capacity of 3510.305MWp, and most of these projects not completed on schedule. According to the introduction, this mostly because of State subsidies for the solar power plant policy change, and raising less money as a result of the enterprise. In order to speed up the industrialization of domestic photovoltaic power generation and large-scale development, State Ministry of finance, Ministry of construction, Ministry of science and technology, Department of energy has released in 2009, the “photovoltaic building integration” and “Golden Sun” project two supporting documents included two power projects, the State will give subsidies. Subsequently, the domestic photovoltaic power plant construction starts. As the market changes, in 2013, the State canceled the programs and change into electricity subsidies. So, putting pressure on the pre financing of enterprises, thus causing a lot of projects have been given quotas cannot be built.
High cost of PV land use
PV power station construction is the PV terminals only PV power station construction, can drive the industry development, and play a role in saving energy and protecting the environment. Large-scale construction of photovoltaic power plants, first of all is to be profitable. At present, the State issued a subsidy per kilowatt, photovoltaic power plant about 15 years of profit, but due to the high power plant maintenance, land use fee, profit space and not much, seriously undermined the incentive. According to introduced, in in Inner Mongolia built a 50 MW of PV project, Government by project total accounted for to area charged arable land occupy tax, and land using tax, and land compensation fee, and ecological construction compensation fee, and soil and water conservation compensation fee, and Prairie vegetation compensation fee, addition according to land titles area (made land Office reply of construction with to area) charged land transfer gold, and deed, national provides of land the tax (fee) aspects of costs, tax standard all by construction with to standard charged, except land using tax annually charged outside, remaining one-time charged, Only that part of the land cost, companies will pay 330 million Yuan.
Industry believes that, although the country has issued a number of opinions supporting the PV industry, the relevant supporting policies such as taxation, land was not issued in time, affected normal operating photovoltaic power generation business and investment activity. Recommends that the relevant government departments, reference wind turbine manufacturers tax policy only PV requisition of land and conversion of land taxes on farmland occupation tax, land-use and vegetation restoration cost, the remaining land lease form is appropriate.
Incorporation subsidies long cycle
In order to expand domestic applications, solve the overcapacity problem, the National Energy Board in 2013 on speeding up the development of distributed PV policy was introduced, encouraging users to power, national grid, the State administration of taxation has issued a matching policy. But the reality is, as in Inner Mongolia and other places, slow development of distributed generation, mainly because in addition to the financing, low roof, a more important reason is that incorporation difficult. In accordance with the policies of the State grid Corporation, local power company to unconditionally provide free access for photovoltaic power generation. In practice, the majority of distributed generation and offline for several years, rooftop photovoltaic panels into the device. Some even go to the net, no obligations for electricity for sale.
Meanwhile, utility subsidies have long cycle is also a factor. It is understood that the new project connected, you need at least 1 year or so purchase electricity for sale, land, environmental protection, water conservation, fire protection, power business licenses, completion of formalities and processed before it can declare subsidies reported to release subsidy period is too long. Projects that have been on a list of subsidies subsidies does not implement the State Council issued the opinions on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry in the provisions settled in full each month. Related companies suggested that new project as long as the power grid dispatching electricity metering, you should give subsidies in a timely manner, should not set preconditions of the many subsidies, projects that have been included in the subsidy list monthly electricity subsidies.
Industry believes that occurs largely because related aspects are not enthusiastic. First, the enthusiasm of local governments is not high. Distributed solar projects on local taxation, employment contribution is small, local governments do not pay attention to their playing a positive role in energy conservation and emission reduction, thus solving the problem not been active enough. Second, electricity companies and investors are not enthusiastic. At present national subsidies for distributed project standards like, no geographical price differences in the development of distributed electricity price subsidy, ignoring the distributed dependencies the project return on investment for local basic rate. In West Inner Mongolia region, large industrial 0.487 Yuan/degree, distributed project offers energy-saving benefits even reached 0.2 Yuan/kWh, per workshop 2000 square meters of electricity enterprises and the benefits each year, fewer than 20,000 yuan, will hardly be attractive, while yielding 0.7 Yuan/degree of investor, and the payback period of more than 1 year of above, also not very attractive. Third, the power grid enterprises are not enthusiastic. Distributed development model to the existing power grid enterprise’s profit is a hit, is a breakthrough for power grid monopoly power products, so ideologically unwilling to advance grid enterprises, not to mention the initiative to solve the problem. Finally, banks are not enthusiastic about. Due to the distributed project income on electricity companies ‘ business operations and settlement credibility a heavy reliance on electricity tariffs, while Bank risk prevention means going far enough, compared to terrestrial photovoltaic power plant, willing to lend is not strong.
At present, the increasing attention to environmental protection and energy saving, in the international and domestic situations, development and use of clean and renewable energy, improving air quality has become a consensus of the international community. I made built to protect the capital of Inner Mongolia, serving the North, facing the country’s clean energy base in order to achieve this goal, vigorously develop renewable photovoltaic industry is also a practical choice.
Entered 2015, I district introduced has can renewable energy supportability acquisition long-term mechanism guide views, guarantees has distributed power Internet of problem; National Energy Council in on issued 2015 years PV power construction implementation programme of notification in the clear said, for roof distributed PV power project and all spontaneous use of ground distributed PV power project not limit construction scale, at any time handle record and grid of powerful policy; while national of power reform also in through distributed PV power Internet of problem. But they only really landed, to play its due role, I only know these problems and good grasp of the industry, through obstruction more quickly, and Inner Mongolia to build China’s blueprint to achieve PV industry base.
Original title: the magnificence of photovoltaic industry in Inner Mongolia “hidden worries”