Who should pay for clean development

Polaris solar PV net news: recent sentencing by the intermediate people’s Court in Jinhua city, Zhejiang Province, in one case, a trial court defendant, a chemical company to pay to the plaintiff, a company (defendant photovoltaic plant on the roof of the investor) electricity and overdue penalty more than 100,000 yuan.

Billion in investment in the photovoltaic industry, such a small case, there is no cause for more concern, seems surprising.

However, this was said to be “the first nationwide distributed photovoltaic roof tariff dispute” behind the small case, but hides the clean development mechanism design problem, one of the most prominent, is required for clean money, exactly who will pay?

Don’t know if anyone ever wanted to, Jinhua city, Zhejiang province before the new tariff for energy company regain what is behind?

Further, many domestic clean energy investor, why suffered power cuts, subsidy arrears and other helpless situation?

Bear the high costs of clean energy after and made great contributions to energy saving and emission reduction, clean energy investors, but also faced regain investment “marketing” risk. How embarrassing this is, what a pathetic picture.

Coincidence is that opened the world climate conference in Paris on the same day, “an unprecedented blockbuster smog, moving to Beijing city”. International political issues in this already far away, suddenly become ordinary people have to pay attention to problems in life.

Most perplexing is why we bear the increasingly high costs of clean development, but seems to become more and more serious environmental pollution.

On one side is everyone has the money to pay, and the rising renewable additional; the other side of it is clean energy similar to the Zhejiang Jinhua default risks encountered by investors, and increasing clean energy subsidy funding gap.

Which is wrong? Each of us the cost is not enough? Is the current mechanism itself there is a design flaw?

Perhaps we should think hard about this question, who should pay for clean development?

Related news:

First distributed PV projects sentencing tariff dispute

On the surface, clean development appear to be a national responsibility of public welfare undertakings, and preferably universal participation, sharing of responsibilities, because, after all, involves the immediate well-being of everyone. However, if such a simple, global climate change negotiations would not be so complicated, so difficult.

As climate talks have reached the most help the parties to cooperation–the key concepts of “common but differentiated responsibilities”, as for the cause of clean development in China, indeed everyone responsible, but a distinction should be made is who should bear the primary responsibility, who should bear the main responsibility. After all, this should be the one who paid for who, who pay less interest.

For now, most are wrangling in the global climate negotiations is the issue. More and more people realize that clean development is clearly not a cause, but is more of a benefit, or is a new pattern of interest.

Disassemble it from the perspective of the clean development predicament re-demarcate the boundaries of responsibility, at least logically make the problem simpler. That is, who caused the pollution, who will bear the costs; pollution who pay more. That is why over the years the course of global climate talks.

Though this is both in the world and within countries are not easy to implement, but this is the basic logic of development financing should be clean and only way of establishing a virtuous circle of the clean development mechanism.

At least, for Zhejiang Jinhua already carry high costs of clean energy the new energy company, as well as a large number of China’s clean energy investor, take back electricity (investment) “marketing” risk, should not be borne by them.

Related news:

First distributed PV projects sentencing tariff dispute

Original title: who should pay for clean development?

Ford will be formally established in 2017 driver assistance systems

  When relating to self-driving cars will have implemented a formal problem, it is still hard to say. But certainly the point is that cars are becoming more and more smart. Perhaps bowing to various rumors about the Apple AppleCar’s “threat”, the major car companies are trying to study on automobile intelligent, Ford is no exception.

  In the time before, even to test driverless car Ford built a virtual “City”, which would be enough to see their determination in this regard. Of course, they hoped to achieve by other means of intelligent cars. For example, Ford recently announced to be launched in 2017 and driving assistance systems.

Ford will be formally established in 2017, driver assistance systems

  The driver assistance systems will be established through the application mobile real time connection to the car, you can phone will lock and unlock the car and tire pressure, oil tank real-time monitoring of the remaining, and so on. Of course, for real time positioning it is necessary, which can also ensure the safety of vehicles to the greatest degree. iPhone 6 case leather

  Of course, similar to the parking situation gets, lane keep monitoring and reminders, forward collision warning systems and automatic parking systems are also features that it will. While the majority of these features look a bit “Junior” and seemingly is not hard to do, but for Ford. They’re going to turn this into a professional management system, meaning that it will be connected to the network can provide a variety of instant messaging, or the regular version upgrades, and so on. On the face of it, this seems to be a more reliable and relatively high availability of plan.

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Forward 2016 photovoltaic wind turbine layout Thirteen Five

Polaris solar PV net news: in 2015, as the “Twelve-Five” final year, is unusual on the development history of China’s new energy a year. This year, grid-connected wind power, photovoltaic capacity both at the world’s first high point model base on PV leader, solar-thermal electricity, new energy micro-grid, photovoltaic, and other forms of new energy development for poverty alleviation brilliant. However, in economies in transition, economic growth is shifting and installed another high background, “abandoned the wind”, “the abandoned” once again became unbearable for new energy development, “growing pains”. “Thirteen-Five” is deepening reforms, promoting the revolution in energy production and consumption to accelerate energy an important period of transition, at the time of change of China’s new energy industry need to be standing at a new starting point, and grasp the opportunity to achieve new breakthroughs. 2015 highlights five new energy development in China in 2015, further adjusting and perfecting new energy policies and actively promote new energy innovation, exploring new ways for the development of new energy, creating a new situation in the development of new energy in our country. 2015 development highlights five of the new energy in our country.

Highlight: record high PV on-grid capacity, end of 2015 is expected to surpass Germany one of the world’s first

Since the beginning of 2015, as the country’s support to further increase, photovoltaic power generation costs, PV market demand at home and abroad, PV power plant investment enthusiasm. Third quarter of 2015 years ago, PV manufacturing industry output value of more than 200 billion yuan in China, PV enterprises profitability improved markedly, average gross margin over the ten component companies prior to 15%, most enterprises out of the red. PV Unit investment continue to decline, PV module price has fallen to about 4/w, photovoltaic power plant development and construction cost dropped to 6~7/watts, power plant profitability improved significantly. Top 20 component manufacturers in the country, almost all involved in downstream of hydropower development in business. 2015 1 in September, the national cumulative PV power installed capacity of 37.95 million-kilowatt, an increase of 161%, where the PV power station 31.7 million-kilowatt, distributed PV 6.25 million-kilowatt, new installed capacity 9.9 million-kilowatt new threat definitions. In September, to support new energy model city, green energy demonstration counties as building photovoltaic power plants, National Energy Board increased 2015 PV power plant construction in some areas, bringing the 2015 issued by the National Energy Board new photovoltaic power plant construction reached 23.1 million-kilowatt. According to preliminary calculations, the end of 2015, our photovoltaic generating capacity more than 40 million-kilowatt has no suspense, and is expected to surpass Germany as the world’s photovoltaic power generation for the first nation.

Point two: start construction of solar thermal power generation demonstration project

Resource condition, solar-thermal power generation is no benchmark price policy and other factors, slow development of solar-thermal power generation in China, currently the solar thermal power industry is still in its infancy. By the end of 2014, China has built experimental demonstration of solar thermal power stations (System) 6, size about 13800 kW; solar thermal power station of previous work carried out 18, size 901,000 kW; national record (grant) solar thermal power stations under construction 12, installed capacity of 493,000 kilowatts. To expand the scale of the solar thermal power industry, nurturing system integrator},20 coincidence in September, National Energy Board BU on the Organization construction of solar thermal power generation demonstration project notice, decided to organize a number of demonstration projects on solar thermal power. Trough and Tower-oriented demonstration project, required capacity of not less than 50,000-kilowatt, required to configure storage devices, and storage capacity to meet short-term cloud cover without stopping the machine, ensure steam turbine power rating of not less than 1 hour. According to the initial declaration of results and statistics, accumulated over more than 100 project participants declare, declare capacity reached 8.83 million-kilowatt, about 1 million-kilowatt project wins final.

Highlight three: photovoltaic demonstration base of leading or opening Eastern PV development in new era

June 2015, the Ministry, National Energy Board, the CNCA jointly issued the Declaration on the promotion of advanced solar technology products and opinions on industrial upgrading and introduce PV “leader” project, including the construction of photovoltaic power generation demonstration base of advanced technology and new technology application demonstration project, project uses advanced technology products is required. National advanced technology in mining subsidence area in Datong, Shanxi has become the first approved PV PV demonstration bases leading demonstration projects are exploring solar power generation, renewable energy and control coal mining subsidence combined mode. Base plan 2015 years construction size 1 million-kilowatt, until 2030 to build 3 million-kilowatt, and subsequently, yangquan city, baotou, Jining, also combined with wood features the preparatory report, is expected to become the new leader in PV demonstration bases, General Declaration reached 5 million-kilowatt, in addition, Jiangxi, Anhui, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, Hebei cities in preparation for the leader of Al-Qaida’s declarations. Based on advanced technology photovoltaic demonstration base, develop new technologies, new models, new path model, for resources on relatively tight in the eastern region the development of photovoltaic power generation brings new opportunities to promote PV industry technology, optimizing layout of photovoltaic power generation, PV Application market is of great significance in Eastern expansion.

Highlight four: new energy micro-grid demonstration and explore new business models and new formats

Volatility for exploring contain a high proportion of renewable electricity transmission (with) storage with integration of local power system, power energy services, new business models and new formats. In July 2015, the National Energy Board issued the guidance on promoting the construction of new energy micro-grid demonstration projects. New energy micro-grid has two main types of demonstration projects, one is the networking micro-grid, the technical requirements are no more than 110,000-volt and exchange of power outlets and time controlled, renewable power and peak-load ratio of greater than 500Ic; has the ability of Islanding. Two independent micro grid, technical requirements are powered by AC bus; renewable power consumption and peak-load ratio of greater than 500Ic; reliability is not lower than similar levels, this new energy micro-grid demonstration is the biggest breakthrough, allowing micro-grid high voltage levels at 110,000 volts, subversion at home and abroad concerning the definition of micro-grid. In the environment of electric power system reform BU, new energy micro-grid demonstration projects may be placing before the electricity market opening policies, became de facto liberalization of the placing of the pilot.

Highlights five PV accurate poverty poverty alleviation pilot exploring expanding PV market and win-win

On PV in jinzhai County, Anhui Province, on the basis of pilot experiences on poverty reduction, the National Energy Board and the poverty alleviation Office under the State Council organization in Hebei, Shanxi, Anhui, Gansu, Ningxia and Qinghai photovoltaic pilot project for poverty alleviation in six provinces. Each province to choose 5 counties, making the village as a whole. Includes households with distributed PV PV poverty alleviation pilot project, based on the barren slopes and agricultural greenhouse, two forms of terrestrial photovoltaic power station. As 20 skillfully years September end of, as PV poverty pilot of Hebei, and Anhui, six province and non-pilot provinces of Chongqing are has been determine 20 skillfully years PV poverty pilot implementation programme, total scale over 1.2 million-kilowatt, and from pilot project implementation situation view, Anhui Province PV poverty work advance more fast, in households with PV poverty project aspects, has been grid 8763 households, each households 3-kilowatt, jimu in jinzhai County; in village collective power station project aspects, has been grid skillfully 2 a, each 60-kilowatt, jimu also in jinzhai County ; In terms of ground station, jinzhai and Lixin counties 100,000-kilowatt PV project preliminary scheduled for commissioning in late 2015. PV is a new approach to poverty alleviation work for poverty alleviation, development of rural resources, slope roof can take full advantage of distributed PV, to promote poor people’s income in the area of employment, expansion of the domestic PV market, improving the conditions of rural energy, has been listed as the State Council poverty alleviation Office 2015 “ten precise poverty reduction project”.

Situation of China’s new energy development

Economic growth into the new normal, electricity demand growth has slowed

“Thirteen-Five” planning period is China economic into new normal Hou of first a five years, with economic growth from high-speed Steering in the high-speed, power needs growth also will into in the high-speed stage, and with economic structure of optimization and industrial structure of optimization, units output energy and the power consumption are will is BU drop trend, power elastic continues to BU drop, and 2015 by economic growth further slowed, and structure adjustment in-depth advance and “cool summer”, factors effect, is expected to annual society electricity volume growth only for 1% around, Lowest level since reform and opening up. The CPC Central Committee for formulating national economic and social development set by the recommendations of the 13th five-year plan “Thirteen-Five” during the annual economic growth by more than 6.5% expected electricity demand is expected to rise by about 6%.

From a macro viewpoint, needs a new engine of economic growth in transition, new energy industries as strategic industries will usher in a new development opportunity from micro-layer in the wind and the total installed photovoltaic power reached 150 million kW, and power under the background of weak demand growth, relying solely on policy to address new energy markets to dissolve is probably unrealistic. In 2015, with the record high scale development of wind power, solar power, both ranking first in the world, Western Gansu and Xinjiang wind power, photovoltaic power to dissolve the grim situation. New energy sources must be “weaknesses”, hard skills, reducing cost and increasing efficiency, to Bo, occupies a strong position in the fierce competition in the electricity market.

Promoting the reform of power, new electric power system is under construction, new energy and how to adapt to the new situation, no consensus

Since March 2015, CPC Central Committee State on further deepening power reform of several views (following referred to 9th, paper) issued yilai, has introduced on improved power run regulation promote clean energy more sent full sent of guide views, and in Gansu, and in Inner Mongolia carried out can renewable energy near elimination na pilot; introduced on implement Central 9th, file spirit speed up advance lost distribution price reform of notification, and in Shenzhen, and in Inner Mongolia, and Anhui, and Hubei, and Ningxia, and Yunnan six a area carried out pilot. Also, also has on lost distribution price reform of implementation views, and on advance power market construction of implementation views, and on power trading institutions formed and specification run of implementation views, and ordered put development electricity plans of implementation views, and on advance sale electric side reform of implementation views, and on strengthening and specification coal-fired owned power plant supervision management of guide views, 6 a supporting file is introduced.

According to the 9th article of the spirit, new energy as a public power industry, the Government will retain its power generation plans, and in accordance with the plan affordable to buy. According to the supporting documents, the State established the right of power generation systems, clean power priority grid, through sufficient space power plan, power delivery, unified predictive power, organization and implementation of alternative measures, such as giving priority to power generation right, enjoys the right of power enterprises and users, initially not participate in market competition. “Thirteen-Five” is the crucial period of the implementation of the 9th article of the State Council, plan and market trading under the two-track system, implementation of new energy generation right of priority is still facing many uncertainties. New energy development experience from Europe and the United States, in a competitive electricity market, wind power, photovoltaic power generation by virtue of its low marginal costs, by participating in market competition naturally give priority to Internet to dissolve, easier to implement new energy to dissolve. Therefore, the industry about how the new energy is involved in the electricity market, participation in the electricity market, knowledge is not uniform.

Lower gateway to the wind power and PV on-grid price

In accordance with the strategic action plan for energy development (2014-2020) the request made by 2020 wind power and coal power price, photovoltaic power generation and grid sales price. In wind power, photovoltaic installed capacity exceeds 100 million-kilowatt, generating cost has dropped significantly, power subsidy arrears under the background of serious problems, the “Thirteen-Five” period, the onshore wind power, photovoltaic power generation lower gateway to the benchmark price. According to the national development and Reform Commission on improving onshore wind power, photovoltaic power benchmark price policy notice (discussion paper), will pursue the onshore wind power, photovoltaic power benchmark price with the price policy of gradually reducing the scale of development. Starting from 2006, new benchmark onshore wind power price 0.02~0.03 Yuan/kWh a year; new benchmark PV price 0.02~0.05 Yuan/kWh a year. Abandon wind effects, subsidies in arrears, not new energy price adjustments in time, new energy development in a “high subsidy, high growth, high power, high arrears” cycle, restricts the development of new energy. This pricing policy adjustment mode, will help guide the new energy investment for a long time, improve the efficiency of additional renewable electricity price subsidies, promotion of new energy sources such as wind power, photovoltaic power generation industry healthy and orderly development, promoting the development of new energy balance.

“Thirteen-Five” new energy development

The “Thirteen-Five” period is an important period of China’s new energy development, to promote energy production and consumption revolution, the overall strategy of strengthening ecological civilization construction, and 2020 non-fossil sources of energy account for the share of primary energy consumption target of 15%, has made it clear the new energy in energy structure in China’s strategic position. Meanwhile, wind power, solar energy industry as a national strategic industry, it is important to promote China’s economic restructuring and industrial upgrading. Although price will decline, but the State subsidies for new energy policy, new energy priorities to dissolve the incentive policy will not change. “Thirteen-Five” will continue to be important opportunities for the development of China’s new energy industry, new energy development trend will not change.

Wind power industry into the stationary growth phase, despite the “three North” area growth slowed, but centralized large-scale development of wind power in China, the primary pattern does not change. With the installed capacity of wind power in China entered the era of million kilowatt, wind power industry in our country can be said to enter the “young adult” period. In power market reform of big background Xia, in scale and benefits of weigh, and abandoned wind or price of choices, and power and capacity market of game, and drop electric price and increased additional of two-way incentive in the, wind electric industry of development will return rational and ordered, “Thirteen-Five” during wind electric keep annual added installed 20 million-kilowatt around, 2020 years wind electric installed reached 200 million-kilowatt above is can achieved of, through mechanism innovation, and expanded elimination na range, serious “abandoned wind” problem can get solution.

From development, while taking into account the absorptive problems, dispersed in Eastern countries increased in the scale of development of wind power, but the wind resource distribution and characteristics of wind turbine technology centralized large-scale development-oriented wind patterns will not change. On one hand, China is rich in wind energy resources, mainly in the “three North” area, Jiuquan, Gansu, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and Hebei bashang, Western Jilin, Heilongjiang and other regions accounted for more than 80%. The other hand, wind power development and occupation of the land, the Visual impact and noise of the fan determines the population density, scarce land resources in the eastern region, and scale of development is very limited. According to the wind “Thirteen-Five” planning and preliminary results, 2020 distributed in Eastern and central China onshore wind development is only about 25 million-kilowatt, the “three North” area wind power development wind power development will remain as a share of total 64%.

Rely solely on local absorptive cannot fundamentally solve “three North” area of new energy to dissolve the problem, you must crack the new energy challenges. According to wind electric planning research results, 2020, Northwest, and Northeast, and North wind electric installed of share will respectively reached 25%, and 20% and 10%, preliminary measuring, 2020, northwest province within can elimination na wind electric of proportion for 54%, and across provinces elimination na of proportion for 46%; Northeast province within can elimination na wind electric of proportion for 59%, and across provinces elimination na proportion for 41%; North province within can elimination na wind electric of proportion for 69%, and across provinces elimination na proportion for 31%. Therefore, must rely on technological innovation and mechanism innovation, and cracking the new energy challenges, promote the development of wind power industry into a virtuous circle.

Overall will still maintain a rapid growth of photovoltaic, PV development is expected to realize a new breakthrough in the East, will present new situation in the East, middle and West simultaneously; along with a number of pilot projects, solar-thermal power generation is expected to achieve new breakthroughs. The “Thirteen-Five” period, as the cost of photovoltaic power continued to decline, photovoltaic power generation will still maintain a rapid growth, are expected to cross the 100 million-kilowatt mark. With the “Twelve-Five” two years after the development of the photovoltaic industry momentum, 2020 China PV power over 100 million-kilowatt is possible.

From the development, the “Thirteen-Five” period, China’s solar photovoltaic development pattern will be adjusted. “Twelve-Five”, our photovoltaic power mainly to Central ground station in the West. At present, the West accounted for 70% of total installed PV power capacity, only 30% in the East, this mode of development has brought recently in Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Ningxia and other provinces in the West of the PV power plant “abandoned” power. Distributed in the eastern region under the situation of the photovoltaic market is difficult to break, PV leads the model base construction started for the development of the East of photovoltaic power generation market to find a new model. The “Thirteen-Five” period, taking into account the electric power system of distributed PV potential release, leading PV demonstration project increased and photovoltaic projects, and by 2020, China PV development in East, middle and West simultaneous development of new situation.

With the National Energy Board demonstration electricity prices to promote solar thermal demonstration project, “Thirteen-Five” period, the benchmark price policy of solar thermal power could be on the cards, development of solar-thermal power in China is expected to realize the new breakthrough after 2020 solar-thermal power 3 million-kilowatt development goals will be broken. Consider the normal direct radiation from the Sun, topography and land, water resources and other factors, “the Thirteen-Five” during the development of key areas including Western Inner Mongolia alashan League and the Ordos area, Western Hexi corridor in Gansu, Qinghai and other regions.

Original title: forward-2016: photovoltaic, wind turbine layout “Thirteen-Five”?

BNEF 2015 second half of global energy markets Outlook

Polaris solar PV net news: 2015-one to three quarters more than 1.1 GW of new energy projects announced, this is the highest level ever. While Germany and Japan’s subsidies are about to end, but did not affect the markets of small scale energy storage system vendor’s optimism, 2016 in the two markets are expected to keep growing. Globally, as project size grows, we see this in the financial, commercial and regulatory aspects in the field matures.

We expect more than 450 megawatts of energy storage project in 2015 and put into use in 2014, representing a sharp rise in about 160 MW:

• United States remains the most dynamic energy storage market, a variety of new business and financing mode in the stage floor to achieve.

– In September, the Kauai Island utility cooperative (Kaua’I Island Utility Cooperative) and SolarCity to regulators for approval of their 20 power purchase agreement (PPA). This will be the United States’s first set of photovoltaic power generation and storage service in one of the power purchase agreement.

– American renewable energy Ltd (RES Americas) completed the storage area’s first non-recourse financing, for a total of 40 MW/16 MW of projects supported.

– Aggregate several uses for personal use (behind-the-meter) storage systems involved in the wholesale energy market and a pilot project is underway to provide grid services.

-FM owned by the PJM market assessment for the future deployment of storage in this attractive market risk.

• Europe markets: some quarters before the late news breaking the silence.

– Germany STEAG power Enterprise agreed to purchase 90 megawatts from Nidec Asi/140 MW of energy storage system. The € 70 million project for the biggest deal since 1978, the much-needed impetus for the region.

– Germany in 2015 will be terminated at the end of its photovoltaic and energy subsidy program. Since the scheme was launched in May 2013, has sold about 27,000 systems. However, the termination of subsidies did not affect the country’s optimism of many storage system vendor.

– Italy transmission system operator Terna production in 2015 of 47 MW/264 MW energy storage system. The company also is planned for 2016/17 flow batteries and supercapacitors pilot projects put into use.

– United Kingdom TSO national grid has already called for “enhanced frequency response” (EFR) intention of scheduling service sought bids for new balance. Project in December 2015, opening February 2016 bids, and starting from the summer of 2017 to provide the service. TSO expects its price to United Kingdom twice times higher frequency response of other markets.

• The Asia-Pacific region: markets converging and energy storage markets and frequent activities.

– Japan economy, trade and industry (METI) had not applied for the first time since the 2012 Fund used to subsidize their own use (behind-the-meter) storage systems. However, price declines accelerated and retail electricity market opening control rapid heating and other factors may lead to a campaign.

-In Korea, Government support continues to drive market activity. To achieve the goals of 2020 to reach 1.7 GW, State-owned power generation enterprise Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) signed 200 megawatts of energy contract in August 2015.

– China is steadily advancing the energy storage industry layout, however, some important issues are still unresolved, many of these problems are expected to get answers in the forthcoming reform of electric power market in China.

– At the same time, Australia is the growth of the storage-especially for personal use (behind-the-meter) storage-the market leader in this mainly stems from its rooftop PV systems rapid development and maturity of the energy market.

Original title: late 2015 the global storage market Outlook

The National Energy Board grid is not full purchase renewable power will be

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, this reporter learned from the National Energy Board’s website, the National Energy Board considered the adoption of the local Office of the National Energy Board authority and responsibility list (for trial implementation). Notification clearly: no full purchase of renewable electricity can impose administrative penalties! And grid companies compensate the loss.

Excerpt of the original policy is as follows:

Project name: penalties for not full purchase of renewable energy

Implemented by:

1. the People’s Republic of China renewable energy law article 14th 29th article violates this law, utilities are not full purchase of renewable electricity, causing economic loss of the renewable energy power generation enterprises shall bear liability, and rectification by the State electricity regulators; it refuses, renewable energy generation companies fined not more than 1 time times the amount of economic loss.

2. grid Enterprise full acquisition can renewable energy power regulatory approach (national power regulatory Committee makes 25th,) 20th article grid enterprise, and power scheduling institutions has following behavior one of, caused can renewable energy power Enterprise economic loss of, grid enterprise should bear compensation responsibility, and by power regulatory institutions ordered deadline corrected; refused to corrected of, power regulatory institutions can sentenced can renewable energy power Enterprise economic loss amount 1 time times following of fine:

(A) against the rules no construction or access project fails to build renewable energy generation projects;

(B) refuse or hinder renewable power plants signed a purchase and sale contract, grid scheduling protocol;

(C) is not provided or not provided in a timely manner of renewable power services;

(D) not dispatching of renewable energy power generation;

(E) other power companies or electric power dispatching reasons prevented full purchase of renewable electricity.

Power grid enterprises from the electricity regulatory body that the renewable energy power generation enterprises within 15th of compensation of economic loss.


1. the filing stage: comprehensive and objective. Violations of the fair to meet the condition for filing a case, to be filed.

2. the investigation: investigating, collecting relevant evidence if necessary, according to the inspection.

3. decision phase: before making the decision on administrative penalty, inform the parties of the facts, reasons and basis for administrative penalty decisions are made, and shall inform the Parties shall have the right to fully listen to the views of the parties, on the facts, reasons and evidence submitted by the parties, a review; establishment of the facts and reasons or evidence submitted by the parties, be accepted. Before taking a large amount of administrative penalties such as fines decision, inform the parties have the right to request hearings; the parties to request a hearing, hearing. Investigation ends, make a decision of administrative penalty according to law, no administrative penalty decision, transferred to judicial organs for handling. Make a written decision of administrative penalty.

4. delivery stage: inter parties, declared after the written decision of administrative penalty delivered a party; without the presence of the parties, make administrative punishment decision, law served in the 7th.

5. execution phase: the party fails to carry out administrative punishment decision, and urged Parties concerned to comply, the party fails to perform, apply to a people’s Court for compulsory execution.


1. People’s Republic of China can renewable energy method 28th article State Energy competent sector and County above place government management energy work of sector and other about sector in can renewable energy utilization supervision management work in the, violation this method provides, has following behavior one of of, by this level Government or superior Government about sector ordered corrected, on has responsibility of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel law give administrative sanctions; constitute crime of, law held criminal: (a) Do not make a decision on the administrative license according to law, (ii) discovered violations not investigated; (c) does not perform its functions of supervision and other acts.

2. the full purchase renewable power grid enterprises on supervision (state electricity regulatory Commission, 25th) article 19th power regulator staff are not in accordance with these measures meet regulatory responsibilities shall be investigated for criminal responsibility.

3. the People’s Republic of China on administrative punishment law People’s Republic of China Law on the punishment of civil servants of administrative organs of the civil service regulations (promulgated by Decree No. 495) and the provisional regulations on accountability for party and Government leading cadres (ban FA [2009]25) relating to liability provisions.

Original title: National Energy Board: grid is not full purchase renewable power will be an administrative punishment and compensation for the loss suffered by owners of

PV power station construction cost estimation and cost basis

Polaris solar PV net news: photovoltaic power station with the adjustment of electricity prices, the investment Center will be gradually shifted from the Northwest to the Southwest and Southeast areas. As a basis for construction of photovoltaic power stations, land and its price. Now investors are still confused. In this paper, the implementation of a project in Yunnan, for example, gives access to land and the corresponding price and method of calculation.

Macro through the sites, site after site, complete the selected sites of land land, woodland property query. After land acquisition costs of the query is as follows:

Calculated on the basis of: ① the current unified annual production measuring of land expropriation standard second force turned over to the Central Government, provincial, prefectural (City)-related costs.

All projects involving land fees and charges based on can be obtained from the local land sector in accordance with policy requirements.

For this project, a permanent standard of land requisition compensation and fees are as follows:

① the land compensation fees x governance [200X]XX requirements: 25000 Yuan/mu of arable land; unused land 400 Yuan/Mu;

II the young athletes and the ground attached to compensation: 5000 Yuan/Mu;

③ 10500 RMB/acre farmland reclamation fee (comprehensive [2010]150);

④ 24 Yuan/square meters of farmland occupation tax, 16000 RMB/acre (Yunnan Provincial Government, the 149th)

⑤ living benefits peasants 20000 Yuan/Mu (cloud governance [2008]226);

⑥ dam area quality compensation 187000 Yuan/mu of arable land;

⑦ occupancy fee of 4000 Yuan/mu of forest land;

⑧ land management fees and survey fees, assessment fee is 10000 Yuan/MU.

Like query results based on the site of land and land properties such as arable land, its cost per acre:


As the query results based on the site of land and land properties as unused land, its cost per acre as follows: (unused) + II + II + ⑦ + h;

Temporary land price includes:

① the land compensation fees in accordance with x-governance [200X]XX, measured, including:

Arable land: 25000 Yuan/Mu;

Area: 24000 Yuan/Mu;

Woodland: 25000 Yuan/Mu;

Grassland and other land: 400 Yuan/Mu;

II the young athletes and the ground attached to compensation, including:

Economic crops: 800 Yuan/Mu;

Grapes: 23000 Yuan/Mu;


Orchards: 5000 Yuan/Mu;

Forest land: 2500 Yuan/Mu;

Similarly, its combined query cost per acre of land property, land status report to calculate crop.

Above cost for the land Department land after the property query, rent prices. According to the existing policy and the status quo, due to differences in database in the forestry sector, these “forest land and unused land” woodland properties and prices are subject to re-query and total columns.

Qualification in forestry investigation and design units completed sites within woodland property survey, involving various types of woodland, relates to conclusions such as tree species, wood storage, and then calculated the compensation for forest land, finalizing the forest harvesting to prove.

Original title: photovoltaic power plant construction cost estimation and cost basis

Polaris solar PV NET week hot selection 12 14 12 18

Polaris solar PV net news: policy review

1, the Shanghai municipal development and Reform Commission, Shanghai Municipal Finance Bureau on distributed PV “sunshine credit” notice on work

For speed up cracked current distributed PV development faced of financing problem, first foster adapted new energy development of financial service system, according to State on promote PV industry health development of guide views, and Shanghai City SMEs financing guarantees special funds management provisional approach, file, Shanghai city development reform Board, and city finance organization carried out distributed PV “Sun loan” about work, now will about content notification following:

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Guangdong Province industry transferring industrial park, 2, distributed PV popularization scheme

As a follow-up to the Executive Office of the Guangdong provincial people’s Government of the opinions on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry (Yue Fu (2014), 9th), accelerating the industrial transfer Park (including enjoy the transfer policies of industrial park, industrial Transfer Center) scale application of distributed PV, Park, green, recycling, low-carbon development, programmes are formulated.

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3, Jining City Forestry Bureau notice on PV power station construction use of forest-related issues

For effective curb current PV power project illegal using woodland of high sent situation, further specification PV power station construction using woodland behavior, according to national forestry Council on PV power station construction using woodland about problem of notification (buying sent (2015) 153th,) and, Jining city, Government Office on strengthening and specification woodland wetland management work of views (Chai political do sent (2014) 23rd,) spirit, now on about problem notification following:

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4, Ministry of housing of the photovoltaic sunshade component parts General specification for construction

Recently, the reporter learned from the State housing and urban-rural construction Ministry official website, State housing and urban-rural development has approved the construction of photovoltaic sunshade component parts General specification for building industrial product standards, the number is JG/T482-2015, since April 1, 2016.

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5, Shaanxi Provincial Development and Reform Commission issued on 2015 years of distributed PV construction notice

To speed up the construction of distributed solar power projects in Shaanxi Province, Shanxi provincial development and Reform Commission in conjunction with the provincial Department of finance, industry, housing was built around the Office for the submission of distributed PV project summary the construction scale, through research, will now be issued by the scale of construction in the city to you.

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Market review

1, the National Energy Board: grid is not full purchase renewable power will be an administrative punishment and compensation for the loss suffered by owners of

Recently, this reporter learned from the National Energy Board’s website, the National Energy Board considered the adoption of the local Office of the National Energy Board authority and responsibility list (for trial implementation). Notification clearly: no full purchase of renewable electricity can impose administrative penalties! And grid companies compensate the loss.

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2, again “defection” of EU double reverse: lose-lose after trying to do?

When the EU again with “double-reverse stick” issue when Chinese PV companies have not have a fierce response from 3 years ago, even has photovoltaic bosses when chatting privately, has brought out the “why I love” attitude. EU wants to have a rough salt into the wound, but has been unable to cause intense pain. Just cold facts have proved that the “double reverse” can only lead to destruction, but why so crazy about this?

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3 clear forests to build solar power stations for the first time, and country operations rules stay clear

In PV and forestry combined with search, barren hills, unreclaimed lands involved “Lin” problem has become a long-term Chinese Lin Guang development constraints, many PV developers were expected to “Woods” disappointed experience. Today, the situation in Government-related agencies of several major policies, providing improved.

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4, the Department of energy mapping roadmap for new energy and cheap Internet photovoltaic and wind turbine prices will be cut by

Reporters learned from the industry, on Thursday called on the National Energy Board trade association and photovoltaic, wind energy developers and manufacturers meet to discuss, while new energy cost reduction and parity of the road map. Conference released of wind electric, and solar power cheap Internet route figure research requirements said, through research in recent years wind electric, and solar power cost declined and the technology progress, future in equipment manufacturing, and shipped peacekeeping financial innovation, link cost declined space, and wind electric grid side cheap Internet, and solar power user side cheap Internet route figure and by needed of external policy environment and the policy recommends introduced time, 2015 end of Qian completed route figure research, and reported national energy Council.

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5, Paris climate agreement “2 degrees” will influence China’s coal industry and photovoltaic business

Conference on climate change in Paris on 12th night through a new global climate change agreement. Agreement will make arrangements for after 2020 the global action to address climate change. That night, nearly 200 of the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change agreed by the Paris agreement of the parties. Total 29 of the agreement, including objectives, mitigation, adaptation, loss damage, capital, technology and other elements. And the coal industry’s dismal compared to climate talks in Paris on the PV industry is a huge plus.

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Enterprise version

1, the “blood” features a serious shortage of Yingli for peers to save ourselves

Three quarterly reports show, Yingli’s operating loss for the current period to $ 450.5 million. And the operating margin was-128.2%, and in the third quarter of last year, this value is 5.9%. From the current situation, Yingli’s own “blood” insufficient capacity, but in the next year or two, “12 Yingli MTN2” and “11 Willie MTN1” bonds will have expired, then picture can be honored. Today, Yingli is cooperating through OEM, OEM and other forms to improve our capacity utilization, reduce production costs.

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2, defeated PV this year: 6 “dead” 2 “near-death”

In the past few years, “winter”, the photovoltaic industry is starting to ease and sophistication, though two years earlier “forgiving” the situation has improved, but this year “closed” is still there. In addition to Abengoa in the achievements in the field of solar energy, there are 6 photovoltaic and related industry companies out of the public eye, and another 2 in the dying “alive”.

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Series 3, hareon claims filed or renfa denies claims

Reporter recently informed that dozens of small investors to sue listed companies hareon misrepresentation claim will start from December 22, 2015 into the proceedings. But on the eve of trial, huarong Shanghai investors Attorney law firm partner Xu Feng said that it has been served on the defendant by the Court hareon submitted a number of “do not recognize misleading” evidence.

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4, made it through bankruptcy reorganization, but debt recourse Ni Kailu equity will be forcibly auctioned

The a-share market had a firm whose name is bullish–chaori solar (after the restructuring has been renamed: GCL integration). Ashore in this 2010 PV companies 4 years after the shares have been bankruptcy reorganization, its founder, Ni Kailu scenery entrepreneurs became debt-ridden down, still forced sale of shares in order to repay debts by the Court.

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5, the EU would like to continue to charge heavy duty photovoltaic PV Giants want to borrow overseas factories around Europe

Local time on December 4 announcement of the European Commission, which perhaps will extend the existing countervailing measures on solar products, price limits (MIP) also extended the agreement. The implementation of the agreement, Chinese companies have to go through “tied its own hands into crocodile pools” way into the EU. This means that most well-known PV enterprises in China, raising should remain in the EU under the double reverse stick fighting.

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Comment article

1, PV on-grid prices industry bosses think?

According to the national development and Reform Commission network prices Division and the National Energy Board approved PV electricity price adjustment programme in 2016, three categories of resource price down to 0.8, 0.88 and 0.98 Yuan/kWh. Brownouts and subsidies in arrears cases, yields will be further squeezed. 2016 electricity prices will produce the kind of impact on the market of the new deal? What measures? How to guarantee the level of return on investment?

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2, how much a country really need to spend money to support renewable energy?

Renewable energy subsidies may be moving towards a low carbon future and key step in the commercialization of new technology; can also power an additional burden for consumers and taxpayers. On the national level, support renewable energy development will need to pay how much? Some States will calculate and publish their estimates. While in other countries, the Government will release enough data so that analysts make their own calculations.

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3, nearly trillion-dollar energy Internet marketing who can share the dividend of energy transformation?

By 2020, the total energy of the Internet market in China is expected to exceed US $ 940 billion, 7% per cent of GDP that year. Renewable energy-related industrial chain of added value is expected to exceed US $ 600 billion. This is a huge market that cannot be ignored, and its specific forms for integration in new energy to the Internet industry. But for traditional enterprises, this energy transition bonus is not available!

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4, non-symmetrical cut electricity prices affect the geometry of the photovoltaic industry?

Cut subsidies to promote PV costs, is the only way industry, electricity prices have dropped in line with the past two years the cost declines; spreads increased significantly between the three types of resources, help balance the scale around the building, slowing eliminate pressure in the West, East and southern appeal considerably.

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5, energy interconnection technology innovation and focus areas

At present, the third energy revolution, from traditional fossil fuels to clean energy development and utilization of large-scale exploitation and utilization of change needed in power supply, power grid, energy storage and information communication to promote technological innovation, in order to speed up “two alternative”, build global energy provides technical support and Internet security.

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Do you know how to break through the sky animal IQ

  For humans, technological progress seems to imply that human intelligence has reached the sky. Seems to be that challenge your IQ enough, many scientists began to challenge a variety of animal IQ. Before teaching gorillas playing computer to let the dolphins to do math problems, various IQ game show animals abound. However, this is still not enough, so he was played out of the new.

  Renowned pathologist Richard Levenson and Edward Wasserman, a psychologist from the University of Iowa, and pigeon’s IQ will be playing out of the new. Because they Dove through the picture displayed on the computer that is identified by training biopsies of patients who are diagnosed with breast cancer!

Do you know how to break through the sky animal IQ?

  Pigeons can according to the pictures on both sides of the blue and yellow area-Select Yes or no, if you choose the right words, they will get the reward of food. Now pigeons trained a total of 16, right at the start rate hovering around 50%, that is to say right or wrong by sheer luck. But after two weeks of training, accuracy up to 85%, now has reached 99%. Because all the pictures are completely random, so this avoids the Dove through the memory of the order of the pictures selected.

  About how this technology is trained, they are not too many explanations have been given. However, they said: by animal understanding and reflecting on this, may be able to help medical scientists find breakthrough in the treatment of cancer. leather iPhone case

  Suffice it to say: you foreign people better be fun.

[Article correction]

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