Polaris solar network: proposal of the national energy administration, China recently said that China is planning to build a “green certificates” trading market, to promote the development of renewable energy and renewable energy consumption by 2020, China of non-hydroelectric renewable power to dissolve percentage reaches 9%. As the European side bridgehead of the Netherlands since the late 90 spontaneously established a system of green certificates trading.
According to the “Netherlands online” BBC, more than 10 years of exploration and practice, formed the Netherlands quite sound and rigorous system of green certificates, their production and sale of renewable energy production and sales are booming. Today we have certificate concepts prevailing soil aspects, price and certificates, you see Netherlands how people do wind and green power certificates.
What is the green certificate?
Green certificates (Green Certificate) or renewable energy certificates (Renewable Energy Certificates,RECs), also known as green tags, tradable renewable energy certificates or green certificates in Europe. It is a kind of green that can be freely traded on the European market indices commodity. Specialized accrediting agency issued to every 1000-kilowatt hours of renewable electricity a proprietary coding to prove their effectiveness. Namely 1 MW of green electricity certificate equivalent to 1 green indicator.
Historically famous Netherlands windmill was first used wind water mill, but the low-lying Netherlands lack of hydropower and geothermal, Netherlands new energy to wind power, solar power and biomass-fired. The late 90 Netherlands spontaneity establishes a green certificate trading systems, promotion of green electricity, aimed at promoting the Netherlands the development of renewable energy industries.
In recent years Netherlands customers growing demand for green certificates. In 2008, the Netherlands home users who are purchasing green electricity accounted for 38% users, 44% 2010, the family rate is over 66%.
Netherlands green electricity green and not too expensive
Such a high proportion of the Netherlands home users, objective due to the Netherlands reached ash green electricity prices (from fossil fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas) prices, in addition to Netherlands outside its own high cost of offshore wind power, green power, a growing number of green package monthly prices with grey convergence, even cheaper.
Netherlands local energycomparison.nl sites for Netherlands family Fuse 28 electricity supplier, monthly package price comparisons, structural analysis of green electricity of an open platform. Through the input size, power valuation, you can refer to the recommended options, for example, is often recommended PureEnergy and GreenChoice small power companies, are marked 100% on the green flag, stand up to third party verification. Their price even more gray than some State-owned enterprises to provide monthly packages offer. These 100% Green small company projects and reduce operating cost and other reasons, whether fixed or floating price, many times cheaper than traditional electric power company. Cheap green green electricity packages, no wonder the Netherlands people like Wu.
Prevalence of green credentials soil
Netherlands the green certificates system after more than 10 years of development, the blowout trend. Green certificates in the Netherlands the secret of prevailing, there is the following important factors:
1. the liberalization of energy markets. Before 2004, the Netherlands consumer cannot choose energy suppliers, Netherlands energy market is divided into several areas, each area has a fixed energy suppliers, entirely based on the Netherlands Government-controlled electricity monopoly. Netherlands only four energy suppliers: Essen, ENECO,Nuon and Delta. In 2004, marked the Netherlands liberalization of energy market boundaries. In other words, after Netherlands power consumers can be free to choose their own electricity supplier in the market, and is not bound by the Government for Central arrangement of exclusive supplier in the region. If the consumer is not satisfied with the current electricity provider, you can switch to another vendor. Created by activity, especially private capital entering the power sector, intense competition between old and new business. Energy supplier’s motivation is to attract and retain customers, so more attention to customer satisfaction.
2. mandatory Internet access and subsidies. Following the liberalization of energy markets, new energy force and subsidy mechanisms exist side by side. Netherlands the power grid is not a single, but by the coexistence of five regional grid operators. For new energy projects to apply for Internet access, regardless of project size, and Netherlands grid to grid as soon as possible and provide priority. Since 2003 Netherlands Government for new energy projects to give different prices for different types of subsidies. Subsidies on price changes every year, but it is also because the Government guaranteed direct price subsidies, rising star of the offshore wind and solar projects from small to big, one of the energy market profits and growing.
3. independent certification system. Early in 1997, the Netherlands power companies created spontaneously between a green certificate trading systems, it advocated the user voluntarily buy the pricey green electricity for the system. July 2001 Netherlands Government and energy industry associations to create a green label issue system (GreenLabel), which consists of a central registry database, composed of central oversight bodies and certification bodies. While energy companies reached an agreement with government departments, in addition to green electricity market, Netherlands all energy companies must undertake to meet certain renewable energy quota. Since 2004, Netherlands or Europe certification recognized CertiQ Agency, Parties provided assurances of the green certificates for the power source of green electricity certificate (GoOs). The Netherlands CertiQ institutions designated by the Government, its main certification of solar energy, wind power, hydroelectricity and biomass four specific sources of green electricity. Mark Green certificate of proof of origin issued in electronic form, become the Netherlands the only valid documents for production of green electricity. CertiQ issue green certificates can be traded within the EU as a whole, their pricing is transparent and close to the people and be widely accepted by the market. Through the registration and issuance, transfer and cancellation of train service, green certificates through all aspects of production, trade, acquisition and use of electricity. When the green indicator is purchased by the final consumer, it will log out from a central database, in order to ensure no longer repeat sales. Green certificates made separate physical attributes of green electricity from its environmental benefits, and makes green power without a physical connection and the Exchange can be realized fast trading. Netherlands through the Green tag system, the voluntary purchase of green electricity mechanism and renewable energy quota system that combines two systems together and provide a strong impetus for the development of green electricity.
4. social consciousness and the formation of the consumer environment. Netherlands large enterprise users proceed with compulsory purchase of green electricity index reached about 25% of national green electricity use, as consumers become 75% of the family around the team. The green power industry for more than 10 years for Netherlands consumers related to the cultivation, but also with the Netherlands the environmental protection of the people and an awareness of climate-energy can not be separated. The past few years Netherlands green certificates continue to break records, regardless of family or business users are more concerned with power sources and power consumption impacts on the living environment. Or even 2015 years cancelled green certificate 12.5% in previous years, led to the local green power indicator is not enough, from Norway to buy from Norway Hydro’s green credentials to fill. Because the Netherlands Government in the promotion of new energy development enough, 2014 Netherlands only 5.5% of electricity comes from renewable sources, among the EU ranks second; Netherlands Governments support the EU 2020 emissions 20% of climate policies, but its national legislation determines the minimum 14% 2020 emissions reduction targets and Netherlands Government Netherlands Urgenda institutions nearly 900 Netherlands person to small claims court. 2015, mingaoguan climate of lawsuit in the Netherlands against the Government. Netherlands consumer by way of mingaoguan and direct purchase of green electricity, bottom forced the Government to adopt positive measures to develop new sources of energy, pollution and climate change on the Netherlands side effects.
Netherlands green certificate reference to China
Netherlands green credentials after many years of practice, through the liberalization of energy markets, and perks for green electricity producers to force Internet, through an independent certification system, motivate each other at both ends through green electricity consumption and production patterns. It is the adjustment of a country’s energy structure, promoting renewable energy industry sustainable development tool.
Last year, China’s installed capacity of wind turbines, photovoltaic, both creating the world’s first, access to new sources of energy to the national grid scale is also ranked first in the world. With the increase in total energy consumption in China is slowing, China’s green electricity trends will have a qualitative change by the quantity, so as to increase the share of green electricity in the total energy mix. China climate conference in Paris raised non-fossil energy accounted for by 2030 the share of primary energy consumption target of 20%, the green certificate system can help them as soon as possible.
Green electricity on the development goals, Beijing walking in front of businesses and people, rigorous independent’s green credentials but also improve the business and civil society environmental consciousness of a good book.
Original title: Dutch media: why do so many Netherlands people want a “green certificate”?