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Dibaijian 800MW solar plant costs less than coal

Polaris solar PV net news: June 30, Beijing time, according to Forbes magazine’s online edition reported, due to environmental causes, coal has been not to see, but at least it was considered to be one of the most affordable energy alternatives. Now, however, coal’s status has also been a challenge.

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Dibaijian 800MW solar plant costs less than coal

Dubai announced on June 27, the city will build a huge 800-megawatt solar power plant, its power will cost 2.99 cents per kilowatt hour, well below the price of coal-fired power plants.

It is reported that the Consortium, led by abuzhabimasidaer future energy company provides this super low price is the lowest global solar power plant, but the price does not benefit from any obvious benefits. Bloomberg reported that the price of a Saudi company 50% offers a full 18 months ago. The Saudi company’s quoted rate is a record low, but in the end it was eclipsed in the lower price.

The price of this less than 3 cents per kWh than Dubai is currently building a coal-fired power plant generating low cost one-third. As with solar power plant has just announced, the coal-fired power plant is expected to be opened in 2020.

At present, the declining solar prices are changing the power generation industry. For many countries, coal is usually the cheapest choice of construction of large power plants. Hydroelectric power station despite lower prices, but it is not everywhere will be able to build, especially in the flat, arid climate of Dubai. Coal industry often benefit from the subsidies, according to the International Monetary Fund said the biggest subsidy is pollution from the coal industry does not need to pay for health expenses. The coal industry does not pay a carbon tax, it is also the single biggest culprit of the global surge in carbon emissions.

If coal lose cost advantages, it will soon lose the single largest source of global energy production. In the global solar panel manufacturing industry, China’s manufacturers are in a dominant position, the company continued to make progress in photovoltaic efficiency. Very brutal competition in the Chinese market, so there is no reason to believe that Chinese manufacturers will slow the pace of innovation.

Dubai project based on conventional PV technologies; and if you are using a newer, more complex called “concentrated solar power” technology, the utility-scale projects seem to be cheaper. “Concentrated solar power” technology using giant mirrors to collect heat from the Sun and heat the water or molten salt, use of steam turbine power generation. This through the process of water drive steam turbines to produce electricity, power with traditional coal or nuclear power plants is very similar.

Photovoltaic panels convert sunlight directly into electricity. Projects in Dubai showed that photovoltaic panels there is still great potential to be tapped.

This project contains the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum of Dubai solar Park (Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum SolarPark) phase III, and Dubai as the world’s “carbon footprint” of the lowest part of the city. Winning the generation facilities project is the Masdar future energy company-led consortium. Emirates Masdar company Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) Government-owned companies. Other partners include Spain Fotowatio Renewable Ventures of the company and Gransolar group. Power purchase agreements are expected to be signed in the fourth quarter of this year. The project is based on “independent power producer” (Independent Power Producer) model, so it will be built according to full commercialization projects.

Dubai aims to be the world’s lowest carbon emissions city goals are U.A.E. reduce our dependence on oil and gas economy a key part of the plan. Under the plan, by 2030, the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum solar Park will have a total of 5000 megawatts of solar projects, the total investment of 50 billion Dirham (about 13.6 billion u.s. dollars). In early June, the solar parks a concentrating solar power plant for the first phase of the project started, the solar power plant capacity is expected to reach 1000 megawatts.

Dubai’s massive development of clean energy, and the city did not and the adjacent city of Abu Dhabi as related to large-scale fossil fuel reserves. According to the clean energy strategy 2050 years in Dubai, by 2030, the proportion of clean energy will be 25% in Dubai, by 2050 up to 75%. New items appear, Dubai this ambitious goal is going very smoothly

Original title: solar thermal power plant to build the world’s cheapest in Dubai: low prices to outrageous

Velocity PV equipment press the fast forward key

Polaris solar PV net news: at present, the domestic photovoltaic core device is in rapid progress, narrowing the gap with imported equipment, while many components companies began trying to “substitution of the machine”, “automatic production lines” and other new models to explore “smart” manufacturing possible. Future growth of domestic photovoltaic equipment business space where it has become the focus of close attention in the industry … …

(Reporter Wang Shasha) in 2015, the PV industry as a whole gradually from an adjustment period to maturity, with the further expansion of the industry, compatible with the continuing improvement of the manufacturing equipment in the field.

It is understood that the current PV manufacturing equipment consists of four key parts: manufacturing equipment, components, materials and equipment, battery packaging and laminating equipment.

In traditional thinking, the equipment is always better foreign manufacturers, but in recent years the rapid progress of technology, the gap is gradually narrowing of the domestic and imported equipment.

Meanwhile, in recent years, facing downstream pressure of the port parity, many enterprises, particularly component manufacturing company started by domestic equipment “substitution of the machine”, “automatic production lines” and other ways to explore “smart” new model of manufacture.

Imported welding equipment hit “Waterloo”

It is learnt that the accumulated so far, photovoltaic equipment business in China has been basically with solar cell manufacturing line of gear, including 3 device (automatic screen printing machine, automatic sorting machine, flat-PECVD) totally dependent on imports, some products such as diffusion furnace, plasma etching machine has started few exports. Domestic enterprise offers 10 kinds of solar cell production line of 8, 6 of which (diffusion furnace, plasma etching, cleaning/texturing machines, low temperature drying furnace quartz tube cleaning equipment,) has dominated the domestic production lines, 2 (tubular PECVD, rapid sintering furnace) coexists with imported equipment, but share is gradually expanding. Especially in solar cell welding link opens Pandora’s box of Wuxi aote dimensions may not think about them, the preparation of field devices in China’s new energy waves, so many imported PV devices in a matter of two years from the “pet” has become a “pariah”.

“In cell welding equipment, along with the year Suntech, LDK LDK, and Trina, Yingli solar module manufacturer’s capacity expansion, welding machine market quickly pulled into China. Market before 2014 is Germany TT (teamtechnik), Germany Suo Mengte (Somont), United States kumaisi (komax), Spain geluosibeier (gorosabel), Spain mengtelagong (Mondragon), Japan Toyama, and Japan NPC and Korea imported equipment manufacturers such as HANWHA occupy domestic welding equipment industry market share of solar cells. After nearly two years of competition and development, current market pattern has been different. Import welding machine, and the extended service suffered a rare sharp drop in demand, domestic series of welding machines are gradually replacing imported equipment. “Wuxi aote strict dimensional Global Sales Director, told reporters.

Has struggled along with the welding machine manufacturers in this context jumped onto the stage, became the lead. From the automatic feeder, Ribbon towing, servo position handling bodies, appearance of CCD detection and location systems, welding mechanism to lower cell preheating units, belt transmission agencies, collection agencies, such as the entire equipment chain, domestic firms began to perk up.

“The reason is, on the one hand domestic welding equipment technology, performance, and gradually increase, rising yield, on the components become increasingly keen competition in the industry in China, prices are continuing to fall, the background of declining corporate profits and component manufacturers to keep costs and bulk purchasing domestic equipment. “The discipline mentioned. Originally an import welding machine, prices are for the more than 4 million Yuan, and made two years ago with the specifications of the equipment price of just more than 1 million, are imported equipment priced at 1/3 or 1/4. While the quality is not inferior to imported equipment and performance, even in certain technical aspects, than the imported equipment, such as welding capacity, rate of debris, white (welded cover grating position), the rally, behold the power and so on. The second half of 2013, auto-dimension automatic welding machine in Changzhou Trina solar energy trial, fragmentation rate and welding speed and other indicators with comparable business equipment in Europe and, in 3, 4, 5, grid cells much compatible than imported equipment, Trina solar year on the purchase of more than 100 units, calculated in accordance with a 1.5 million Yuan, with sales of more than 150 million Yuan.

Some pride and some frustrated. East West rain to describe the situation of imported equipment in the period cannot be overemphasized.

In nearly two years on the world’s largest solar energy exhibition in Shanghai, above several major foreign chain welding machine manufacturers in addition Germany TT and the United States kumaisi, and Spain outside mengtelagong, other devices are almost absent, and even company representatives are hard to see. Spain geluosibeier bought by mengtelagong has been difficult, while Germany Suo Mengte with another company to restructure, has largely given up welding equipment business.

Financial difficulties are more visually reflects the importation of equipment manufacturers “block hard”. Komax Holding AG earnings results showed that in 2012, the annual solar energy sector orders plunged 86%, to 9.7 million dollars. Based on this, Komax solar sector shed more than 50%. Company expects solar market is unlikely to improve. Komax explanation is given at a news conference: “the solar industry struggling, danger to the public. KomaxSolar were not able to escape the negative impacts. ”

And another series of welding machines manufacturer Japan NPC are harder, it reported consolidated revenue of the industry profits from the originally estimated surplus of $ 652 million yen to cut down loss of 734 million yen, and ultimate profitability of consolidated net profit from the surplus of $ 394 million yen to cut down loss of 1.658 billion yen consolidated sales from 17.021 billion yen minus 40.8% to 10.078 billion yen. This is the official statement: due to the European debt crisis, and European Governments for solar power subsidies measures of uncertainty, resulting in solar plant investment turned more cautious, dragging down solar cell manufacturing equipment market size with incredible speed down.

Insiders told reporters, Japan Toyama and NPC have been in confrontation with the welding equipment manufacturer in China completely lost, mainly due to its adhering to the hot-air welding technology courses have been nearly eliminated, cannot meet the domestic demand for new production lines.

“Velocity”: 50% market share to create “160 times” myth

“Expansion + reducing cost and increasing efficiency” as well as the financial costs of the compression and technical difficulties had a negative impact on the business of imported equipment, objectively good Chinese equipment manufacturers. According to strict said, in response to domestic equipment gradually “bigger” before imported equipment manufacturers no longer in terms of price, strong, 4 times times more active price from domestic equipment decreased 2.5 times.

For nearly two years in PV on the market occupied by foreign equipment vendors for years, domestic companies are starting to make important breakthroughs. For example, auto dimension in relation to successive winning Trina, Crystal energy, photovoltaic, ja solar, solar, East Sunrise, GCL and other first-tier component production line project of the customer, and in the past, these customers will primarily select foreign companies imported welding equipment.

Trina, Crystal energy, ja and other first-tier component companies, Japan TOYOMA and the NPC, and Germany TT (teamtechnik) of imported equipment, such as market share, once as high as 70%, a monopolistic position. After 2014 the new production line in centralized purchasing imported equipment manufacturers often encounter failure of an embarrassing situation. “Now Germany other than the TT, bidding on the welding machine, it’s hard to see other vendors, even with imported equipment manufacturers participating in the bid, eventually struck out. “Strict said. Another head of the welding equipment manufacturer in China, told reporters in 2015, the welding equipment bidding, only Germany TT winning Jinzhou Shanxi jinneng Sun title and is the subject of, other makers of imported equipment “was” out of the game.

In fact, the same Carnival not only auto dimension. Dang Japan NPC, and Germany TT, and Germany Somont and the United States kumaisi, and Spain imported equipment manufacturers such as geluosibeier when sales fell, including Wuxi aote dimension, China, Wuxi guide intelligent welding machine manufacturers in China’s shipments of 2014 for the first time exceeded the foreign equipment makers. According to reporter incomplete statistics, as the world’s largest component manufacturing market in 2015, including Mr Ottaway and domestic equipment, pilot smart contracts to local component manufacturers to deliver 900 series welding equipment (including single and dual), Wuxi, which Mr Ottaway family shipped more than 400 units, accounted for about 50% of domestic demand as a whole. Yan ming told reporters in 2015, domestic welding equipment have accounted for more than 95% of its new production line.

A two-track automatic welding machine can replace about 40 welders (monorail can replace about 20-22 workers), along with the PV installed capacity gradually expanded intelligent manufacturing and industrial development and module manufacturer, China’s manufacturing operations were forced to “out to sea”, a growing number of PV module manufacturers in overseas factories is becoming China welding equipment manufacturers such as auto dimension of new customers.

Market leaders in the technological advantage.

On the device compatibility, auto dimension is realized the transcendence of the imported welding equipment. Three gate as the market mainstream, the company’s automatic welding machine is compatible with the four gate, five and a half screens, tablets, and other functions. Therefore, since 2013 products put on the market in just three years time welding machine is not to become the industry leader, dominated the market situation not only broke the imported equipment, and greatly promote the component Enterprise automate configuration process on the market.

“Cell welding process in the past, teamtechnik and NPC foreign equipment welding equipment is used widely. Though expensive, and charge a higher maintenance cost, but due to domestic firms is unable to provide such a product, many domestic customers can only accept. However, with the advancement of welding equipment, auto d dual-rail welding machine, dual high speed welding machine, automatic high speed one welding machine, online film machine and automatic typesetting machine began to repeatedly win component customer order. ”

Product 50% market share when the auto dimension ushered in the capital markets in the spring. On May 9, 2016, as representatives of the innovation-oriented enterprises, Wuxi aote dimension in national SME share transfer system listing in Beijing financial Street held a ceremony officially landed “new plate”. Announcement, Tevez within just three years from 2013, revenues from less million Yuan surged to 235 million Yuan, an increase of 222.94% net profit of 57.993 million Yuan, an increase of 250.29%. 160 times fission increase auto dimension achieved by unknown automation companies to occupy half of intelligent equipment for automatic welding equipment company’s turn, and 160 times by industry peers also jokingly referred to as “Otter velocity.”

And the other set of data supporting this “ultra high-speed” development of Chinese equipment company’s strength: announcements, as at December 31, 2015, auto d annual research and development investment 17.8641 million Yuan, annual revenue reached 7.6%, up 60.76% from the previous year.

In the strict, auto dimension is dormant in high speed maximum base for the development of demand-side research, Tevez will be on the air at the same time, closely followed by national strategies.

Solid “intelligent manufacturing” layout of battery equipment

“Core equipment inside has been China’s industry pain points, as one of the conditions, auto dimension defines himself as ‘ intelligent plant ‘ slogan of the provider is not a retreat, we hope that there is a greater role in this field. “The discipline mentioned.

“Made in China” 2025 “under the logical framework, the industry production facilities design standards and practices is also brand new. First of all is the parts and products of intelligent means parts and products with a high level of “data” and “information” feature, namely labels, to identify, in real time tracking. Second, process designers to have a more profound understanding parts, including parts of all technology and processes, parts and equipment requirements, and interactions may ultimately, machines and machines in the factory between the “dialogue” achieved line optimization based on data analysis. Digital simulation in the product, can be found which link redundancy is high, thus to rationalize their production line improvement, formation of lean production. Flexibility is the diffusion and adaptation of tools, tweaking a production line can be adapted to different products, to reduce the number of tools and digital tools. “In our high speed welding equipment, have largely achieved the ‘ lean ‘ and diffusion as well as applicability. During the welding process, realize the switch of cells with different specifications, and prejudicial to the battery during the charging process the infrared view, greatly improving production efficiency. “Strict, auto d want to copy PV core next industry successfully on the device, in order to consolidate the auto dimension” intelligent plant “strategy.

According to Mr Ottaway’s plans, the company’s intelligent Assembly system for lithium battery samples technical validation work has been completed and is about to hit the market. “160″ growth can auto dimension in the field of preparation of lithium copying PV myths, we’ll see what happens!

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Sotec Magnus EN980 experience the VR Mini PC

  Released Mini PC products Magnus EN980, the computer maker Sotec (Zotac) has proved to us that: even if we do not have to purchase a bulky desktop PC, you can get a virtual reality experience, to find out. Valentino i6 plus case

Valentino i6 plus case

  It is understood that the Sotec mix in this Mini PC is a desktop-class NVIDIA GTX 980 graphics cards as well as an unknown model of Skylake sixth-generation Intel processors, which exceeds the minimum hardware requirements for virtual reality games PC.

Sotec Magnus EN980: experience the VR Mini PC

  It is worth mentioning that this Magnus EN980 Mini PC’s fuselage also incorporates a water cooling system, to prevent the body from overheating. In addition, the connection property of this product is also excellent, with HDMI, DisplayPort, USB-A, and USB-C interfaces, up to 4 external display support.

  At present, we do not know the specific price and launch date of the Magnus EN980, it will be at this year’s GDC and CeBIT exhibition debut, then we will get more details about this product. If you are tired of carrying big game PC for high-end configurations, Magnus EN980 is really a big surprise.

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SolarCity to form a Special Committee to evaluate the Tesla offer

Polaris solar PV net news: according to the online edition of the Wall Street Journal reported that United States SolarCity solar panel manufacturer’s Board of Directors has formed a Special Committee and hired an external consultant to assess the offer of Tesla, a move designed to solve two company directors for possible conflict of interest issues.

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SolarCity to form a Special Committee to evaluate the Tesla offer

SolarCity employees on the roof with solar panels

Tesla announced last week that all-stock offer for SolarCity, traded up to $ 2.8 billion.

SolarCity, the company hired Skadden, Arps, Slate, and Meagher&Flom as the legal adviser, hired Lazard as its financial adviser to assist the work of the Special Committee.

SolarCity’s Board consists of two members of the Special Committee, namely Kenmont Capital Partners investment management company founder Donald ˙ Kendall (Donald Kendall), DBL Investors, and venture capital firm founders Nancy ˙ pufangde (Nancy Pfund), two of them are directors of SolarCity, Tesla does not have any special relationship.

SolarCity and Tesla have many benefits associated with the Member of the Board. Elon ˙ musk (Elon Musk) is the largest shareholder of Tesla and SolarCity, owns 20% shares of each company over, is also the Chairman of both companies. Musk relative of Peter ˙ Malcolm (Peter Rive) and lindun ˙ Reeve (Lyndon Rive) is the founder of SolarCity, and SolarCity Board member. In addition, Tesla co-founder JB˙ Strobel (JB Straubel) is also Director of SolarCity, and private equity investor Antonio ˙ Gracias (Antonio Gracias) is Director of Tesla and SolarCity.

According to SolarCity said in a statement, the Special Committee has “unique powers to assess the SolarCity’s long-term business plan, and as an opportunity for independent companies create value based on a range of strategic options. ”

Mr MASKEY said last week that the two companies “impartial” shareholders will have to approve the deal, which means he will not vote. It is still not clear who will be excluded from this vote.

Issued after a buyout offer to SolarCity, Tesla’s stock plunged more than 10%, some investors and analysts have raised concerns about the deal. (Compile/Qing Chen)

Original title: SolarCity to form a Special Committee to evaluate the Tesla offer

Tesla s acquisition of SolarCity for investment what does it mean

Polaris solar PV net news: June 21, 2016, Tesla Motors announced a $ 2.8 billion takeover of United States for residents of the largest photovoltaic SolarCity all shares of the company. Although Tesla said the acquisition was out of strategic considerations, from which it is clear that both companies will gain short-term benefits: SolarCity will gain a new source of cash, Tesla’s closest business partner was incorporated. So what does this acquisition mean for investors?

• Why buy SolarCity? This high-end electric car with battery manufacturers in their blog post lists the five main acquisition interests: vertical integration, expanding the potential market, excellent “core competencies” and culture, as well as large-scale economic costs of installation services. This acquisition will also integrate corporate family relationships and expand existing partnerships. For example, Tesla, SolarCity can provide residential, commercial, and mass storage.

• The move, SolarCity is way out, Tesla is also a beneficial deal? SolarCity face many challenges to business models, including in the United States to the photovoltaic power generation systems from third-party ownership ownership of the main changes, policy changes at the State level and high installation costs. SolarCity’s $ 5.6 billion of market value from June 22, 2015 fell to June 21, 2016, $ 2.1 billion, loss of 63% a year.

• Tesla’s acquisition of SolarCity there may have broader intent, as Tesla will receive a complete solution and resources, will help to develop into a power company. Tesla’s energy can be used in electric-vehicle charging device and rooftop photovoltaic power generation system with energy storage devices for effective integration between.

• Tesla what risk? Investors are unlikely to benefit the perspective of this acquisition. To accelerate the production of Model3, Tesla in May, through equity financing, but had raised only $ 1.4 billion. Upon completion of the acquisition, SolarCity the worth $ 5.8 billion company’s $ 3.2 billion in debt will be included in the Tesla’s balance sheet, this can also cause investor concern. (After the market close on June 21), after the deal was announced, at 9:50 as of June 22, Tesla’s shares have fallen by 7%. Investors may believe that Tesla has too many tasks to be completed, to be completed in 2017, Gigafactory large battery factory, then in 2018 Model3 quickly put into production.

• Sources of financing? SolarCity and Tesla have cash flow issues, mergers and acquisitions are not only unable to solve this problem, it could make it worse. SolarCity’s financial business model depends on sustained and stable cash flows working capital to support new development. SolarCity tried the past two years new ways to pump cash back into the business development process. SolarCity has led to sponsor development of securitization markets, six securities issued for a total of $ 692 million portfolio. In addition, SolarCity has introduced Enterprise “solar bonds”. But with this acquisition event similar to SolarCity currently the biggest buyer of the issue is the musk of SpaceX.

• The deal too complicated? Analysts and investors believe the SolarCity and Tesla for individual valuation is very challenging. The merger is likely to be set for all of the two companies issue and lead to a deterioration in investor relations. But even so, according to Bloomberg data, Tesla 66% shareholders also own shares in SolarCity, SolarCity62% shares are held by Tesla investors.

• For some investors, the investment musk claimed “the only company in the world to provide end-to-end clean energy products vertically integrated energy company” is extremely attractive. Thomas g three company-owned Tesla, and SolarCity, and SpaceX, financial relationships are complex, there is a potential problem, and the merger is expected to clear up that part because Tesla and SolarCity will operate within the same corporate structure, and can also be assigned to the same SEC quarterly archives.

• Strategic alignment: musk move was aimed at achieving synergy Tesla and SolarCity product line. Electric car owners prefer installing rooftop photovoltaic systems, and vice versa. Residential and storage and maybe to Tesla ModelS and ModelX potential buyers at a low cost. In addition to providing product, Tesla energy (SolarCity) may participate in virtual integrated services in the future, solar, storage, management, and an electric-vehicle charging device business. In the overall ecosystem of Tesla-SolarCity, companies can control the biggest source of demand (electric cars), the largest demand response units (family storage system), and the only power generation systems (rooftop photovoltaic installations). But at least in the solar energy sector, full vertical integration currently few good results.

• Solar energy competitive advantages in the areas of: other residential installation service providers are marketing to consumers such as Sunrun Tesla Powerwall household batteries. After the merger, it is not clear how these service providers will respond, nor is it clear whether Tesla will continue to sell products to these enterprises. Sonnen residential storage company will continue to focus on this area.

• Trust in Mr MASKEY: as the largest shareholder of the two companies, musk plans to formally abandon the merger agreement the right to vote. But investors can get in the merged companies is that the musk and his grand vision of a more direct betting opportunities. Risk to the clean energy industry as a whole have gone up tremendously, because Tesla/SolarCity success/failure reflected not only electric or solar energy industry structure, but also macroscopic concept of the new clean energy economy.

Data:

• 340–residential battery installed by SolarCity, Tesla estimated quantities

• 260,000–as of the first quarter of 2016 SolarCity photovoltaic installations installed capacity

• 114,900–as of the first quarter of 2016 Tesla EV sales

Original title: Tesla’s acquisition of SolarCity for investment, what does it mean?

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Wonders of the desert the world s tallest Tower type solar thermal power station

Polaris solar PV net news: all along, Israel gave a small country, but the impression cannot be underestimated. As a small country, and its land area is only more than 20,000 sq km, only a little older than Beijing and its population is only just more than 8 million. However, it is under the geographical dilemma, driven by Israel in the area of renewable energy in the world, the birth such as Solel solar energy, Ormat geothermal technologies a leading provider of project and company. Recently, Israel in the field of solar energy announced that its construction of the world’s highest solar power taashalimuta (AshalimTower), will be completed by the end of 2017, its power generation capacity will meet Israel demand of 110,000 households.

Ashalimuta

Ashalimuta seen from afar, like a lighthouse. Its height reached 240 metres, even compared to the height of the tallest building in the world Burj Dubai more than 800 meters, seems to be worth mentioning, however, the solar Tower in the world, it is currently the largest solar power Tower Ivanpah, 103 metres higher. This height will undoubtedly set a new world record in the and worth writing about. Meanwhile, it will also become Israel’s largest solar power station, the world’s fifth-largest.

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Wonders of the desert: the world's tallest Tower-type solar thermal power station Ashalim

Israel-land in long, from North to South. There is a lot of desert in the southern region, ashalimuta, is located in the famous desert Negev desert (Negev). Bottom layout 55000 mirrors, covers an area of 300 hectares (about 1 million square meters), took the size of 400 football pitches. Mirrors to concentrate the Sun’s rays, they look like Sun flower, according to the Sun’s path, adjust. Gather the Sun’s rays to produce high temperature, the temperature in the boiler is heated to 600 degrees Celsius, high temperature steam to the top of the Tower, to produce electricity.

Ashalimuta power station installed capacity of 121MW, with a total investment of 570 million dollars, Israel energy investment fund NOY, United States GE completed and BrightSource Energy firms and other companies to participate. Among them, GE solar is mainly responsible for engineering, procurement, construction, BrightSource, provides state of the art solar technology for the project.

“Supreme” and “Max” contest

And now the world’s largest solar power station compared to Ivanpah, while ashalimuta won the “highest” award, however the overall size is much smaller than the Ivanpah. Ivanpah investment not only reached 2.2 billion dollars, about 4 times ashalimuta times lens area of 2.6 million square meters, is the ashalimu Tower 2.5 times times mirror number up to 175000, about 3 times the ashalimuta. Total installed capacity of 400MW, far more than the ashalimuta of the 121MW.

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Wonders of the desert: the world's tallest Tower-type solar thermal power station Ashalim

Whether it is “highest” or “largest” solar Tower power station, behind is the biggest player in BrightSource company, the company’s solar projects for the world-class advanced solar-thermal power generation technology. Traditional solar photovoltaic modules are used, the solar energy directly into electricity, however, this efficiency is not high, BrightSource uses concentrated solar power Tower, which greatly improves the efficiency of power generation, the technology through the boiler temperature is heated to a temperature of 600 degrees Celsius, high temperature steam turbine, which generates electricity.

Ashalimuta and Israel’s energy strategy

Israel currently uses coal, oil and gas, power generation, and as the Eastern Mediterranean discovery of oil and gas fields, Israel rising domestic gas supply. At this stage, the traditional sources of energy continues to dominate, but Israel hopes that by 2020 the Government would raise the proportion of renewable energy to 10%.

Israel says Green Energy Association Executive EitanParnass, “in the current environment of the chaos in the Middle East, energy independence, promoting diversification of energy demand, Israel had no choice. ”

It is clear that ashalimuta built, let us see the Israel Government to spare no effort for the promotion of solar energy. Although solar power plant construction costs compared with conventional energy power stations, prices tend to be higher than 2-3, but by the economic, political, environmental, scientific and technological factors such as long term, Israel Government resolution in 2013, making the decision to build ashalimuta.

Solar power station has considerable prospects, it not only allows Israel to reduce energy imports, the balance of international trade, reduce dependence on foreign energy, and reduce environmental pollution, promoting energy science and technology development in China.

Sure is, ashalimuta construction, will strengthen Israel in the field of renewable energy leader.

Original title: wonders of the desert: Israel to build solar “Burj Dubai”

Musk or eliminated SolarCity brand

Polaris solar PV net news: Elon ˙ musk (Elon Musk) last week announced that Tesla plans to buy SolarCity, hoping to merge the latter into Tesla’s own business. Although the plan is still pending approval by the Board of Directors and shareholders on both sides, but new energy news site Electrek found, the electric car maker Tesla have brands of solar products applied for a registered trademark.

Trademark registration files obtained under Electrek, Tesla hired Cooley Law firm registered trademark and copyright lawyers Ariana ˙ Heathcote (Ariana Hiscott) on June 22, 6 new applications–and Tesla announced plans to buy SolarCity is same day.

These registered trademarks range from solar cells and solar modules to the solar panel installation and repair business, monitoring business also covers solar power and solar installation financing, all using the “Tesla” registered trademark.

If Tesla and SolarCity merged smoothly, Mr MASKEY said it would by the same location, using the same sales of Tesla and SolarCity products. According to current trademark application documents, the company seems to be gradually subsumed all products are owned by Tesla and SolarCity brand will be phased out.

It is important to note that, Tesla may not always use the company to apply for a registered trademark. The company last year launched a Tesla energy business and after you publish the static energy storage products, also have applied for Powerwall, Powerpak and Superpack registered trademarks.

Tesla launched Powerwall and Powerpack products, but has not launched Superpack products.

Original title: Tesla requesting 6 new registered trademark: or phasing SolarCity brand

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2016 United States energy market

Polaris solar PV net news: June 7, 2016 United States energy information administration released its latest 2016 Energy Outlook (AEO2016), in which the documents show, 2016-2040 United States will substantially increase renewable electricity generation capacity by 2040, United States territory total installed renewable electricity generation capacity is expected to reach 500 million-kilowatt, the 2015 energy Outlook (AEO2015) put forward plans to raise about 1 time. Before then, United States was enacted in December 2015, the Federal Consolidated Appropriations Act, this Bill is intended to extend, expand subsidies for new energy power generation technology and other related fields, and in August 2015 United States Environmental Protection Agency has also enacted the clean energy plan, deploy this file for new energy projects also played a role. Technology cost reduction, policy support to promote the United States the rapid development of new energy-generating capacity.

Visible before AEO2016 release United States paved the way for its successful implementation. AEO additional copy will be released later this month, when we will know exactly some assumptions of the new energy economy, policy, and the States with respect to the implementation of the State energy plan how decisions affect the deployment of renewable energy projects.

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2016 United States energy market

(Source: EIA)

Federal Consolidated Appropriations Bill extending for wind turbine and solar power installation grants. Investment subsidies and production were extended to five years, but the amount of subsidy will be reduced year by year.

1. investment grants

Investment grants is that Government departments will be part of the solar power plant project construction tax relief, subsidy amount up to 30%. The tax subsidies extended until the end of 2019, and then will be reduced year by year, until 2022, on the Internet and commercial solar subsidies will be reduced to 10%, and for residential solar subsidies will expire in 2022. In the previous Bill, the Government had planned in 2016 would cut subsidies to 10% or removed altogether.

2. production subsidies

Production subsidies mainly for wind farms, wind power will provide 2.3 cents per kilowatt hour in the first decade of subsidies. This benefit is only applicable to the construction of the wind farm before the end of 2016. After 2016, the subsidies for wind power will be reduced year by year until 2020, subsidies will be stopped. Previously, wind power subsidies by 2014 has stopped.

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2016 United States energy market

(Source: EIA)

Other factors that promote renewable energy projects include:

1. clean energy plan

By the United States Environmental Protection Agency released the clean energy plan will also affect the installed capacity of renewable, particularly after officially launched in 2022. When the progressive reduction or termination of the subsidy policy, the clean-energy plan will become one of the enabling power of renewable energy power generation. In addition to AEO2016 copy, United States energy information Administration will release a number of instances of the clean energy program of the compliance strategy for different assumptions, and in renewable power generation technology adoption in the future of the clean energy program will also play an important role.

2. federal policy

In 2015, the United States States raise the renewable electricity standard, including California, Hawaii and Vermont, but in Kansas, the law has become a dead letter and not enforced. For now, most States have raised or are planning to increase the State’s renewable energy standard.

3. the cost of technology

United States energy information administration in AEO2016 on power generation cost and operating characteristics were evaluated. Wind and solar power generation technology costs decreased compared with the other technology and power. Solar energy end use have cut technology costs.

<br />
2016 United States energy market

(Source: EIA)

AEO 2016 shows renewable energy growth is mainly reflected in wind and solar power:

Internet in wind power

97% of wind online. Wind up to 2022 will continue to rise, but after 2022, along with wind power subsidies end, growth will slow. When after the implementation of the clean-energy projects, short cycle that will lead to more construction of the wind farm, wind farm developers as early as possible in order to take full advantage of potential economic benefits. Once the subsidy terminated, deployment of wind farms will be reduced. Due to the relatively small wind-rich regions, blindly increase wind power in these areas may affect the stability of the regional power supply.

Internet access solar power

Internet access solar power is working with residents, subsistence commercial rooftop solar photovoltaic panels generate electricity compete. Solar power electricity continues to rise in recent years, but with the end of 2019 solar power subsidies reduced, growth will gradually decrease in solar power. During the period of implementation of the clean-energy projects, solar power electricity will continue to rise, because the cost could be much lower. According to AEO2016 copy shows that by 2040, Internet capacity will catch the wind power installed capacity of solar power, up to 150 million kilowatts. Residential and commercial solar energy displayed in AEO2016 residential and commercial solar power generating capacity forecast in the future will be far higher than the AEO2015, the main reason is solar power subsidy extension as well as the cost and installation of solar photovoltaic equipment cost would fall further in the future. Compared to the Internet of solar energy, residents and commercial rooftop solar generating capacity increase is hardly affected by subsidies and the impact of the implementation of clean energy plan.

<br />
2016 United States energy market

(Source: EIA)

Original title: 2016 United States energy market

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The development trend of China s PV industry from competition

Polaris solar PV net news: after two years of shuffling adjustments, in 2013, the PV industry has begun to bottom out. In 2015, the PV industry and present a steady trend. But at the same time, continued development of the photovoltaic industry also faced domestic overcapacity, protectionism and the low prices of internal and external problems abroad.

First, from the perspective of industrial chain analysis competitive situation of PV industry in China

Solar PV includes crystalline silicon, thin film batteries and concentrating cells of three, since the condenser battery has not yet been achieved mass production, thin film solar cell conversion efficiency is low, crystalline silicon solar cells are photovoltaic industry mainstream. Currently only 30% of crystalline silicon solar photovoltaic power plant in the world using single crystal silicon, and are mainly concentrated in Europe and a few other developed countries, less at home. Therefore, this study focused on multi analysis.

PV industry chain including upstream polysilicon, ingots, chips, batteries and other parts production enterprise, middle of the PV module manufacturers, and downstream of the power station operators.

Figure 1 PV industry chain and representatives of enterprises

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The development trend of China's PV industry from competition

First of all, from the upstream polysilicon production, facing low prices overseas shocks, high quality and relative lack of capacity.

Downstream power plant investment pick up, direct drive upstream polysilicon production red, industry-wide operating rates at 85.4%. In 2015, China polysilicon capacity up to 188,000 tons of polysilicon production of 165,000 tons, an increase of 21.3%. The same period, foreign imports of Silicon in our domestic market share continued to decline to about 40% (as shown in Figure 2).

Figure 2 2008-2015 polysilicon production in China and growth in

<br />
The development trend of China's PV industry from competition

(Source: China PV industry association)

2013, the polysilicon industry concentration significantly increased in China, reached more than a million tons of capacity of enterprises, six in total industry capacity reached 76.6%, of which 68,000 tons/year capacity in Jiangsu, 36.2% per cent. Industry capacity utilization further enhanced, upgraded to 2014 in 90.9% (as shown in table 1). Some enterprises had exceeded foreign enterprises technique blocked, mastered the full autonomy of polysilicon production technology and preliminary realization of import-substitution base.

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The development trend of China's PV industry from competition

But at the same time, China’s polysilicon industry there are still some technical and market challenges:

First, technology is a breakthrough on the offshore blockade, but are in danger from the United States, and Korea and the impact of low dumping of EU enterprises in 2015, 116,000 tons of polysilicon abroad into the Chinese market;

Second, excess capacity relative, but the quality is insufficient capacity. Cost less than 25 dollars/kg polysilicon quality is insufficient capacity, low on imported polysilicon prices under the impact of an industry-wide loss of status;

Third, in multi device, there cannot be completely self-supporting. Such as wafer of diamond wire cutting equipment, multi texturing, wet etching equipment, and automatic insertion machine equipment, mainly rely on imports.

Secondly, from the middle reaches of the component production, industry capacity utilization Division, profitability has improved.

2015 35GW component output in China, an increase of 19.4% (as shown in Figure 3). United States and industrialization as well as the impact of Europe’s debt crisis, and high barriers to block European PV markets, photovoltaic equipment an overwhelming impact of export-oriented development strategy, domestic PV equipment manufacturers to enhance the layout of the domestic market, on the other hand developing India, the Philippines, Thailand, and Chile pace of expansion in emerging market countries such as. 2015 4, the four countries account for PV module exports the global market share in China, respectively 13%, 7%, 8%, 5%, total 33%.

Figure 3 2010-2015 growth in PV module production in China and

<br />
The development trend of China's PV industry from competition

(Source: China PV industry association)

After 2012-2013 years of the industry reshuffle, 2014-2015 PV industry concentration in China continue to improve, top companies occupy a market share of around 60%. Industry capacity utilization rise further to 86%, showing an obvious tendency, annual production capacity of 200 MW following industry capacity utilization was only 50%. This indicates that the PV module overcapacity in the industry not only is the absolute excess primary, but both showing a surplus and structural surplus of features. Next PV industry mergers and acquisitions will further accelerate.

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The development trend of China's PV industry from competition

Boosted by power plant investment internal rate of return of more than 10%, the middle reaches of the component manufacturers have accelerated the pace of hydropower development in investment, promote the digestion of its solar module capacity on the one hand, on the other hand also led to a significant improvement in profitability. 2015 33 standard photovoltaic module manufacturers ‘ average profit rate reached 4.7%, an increase of 30.6%.

Finally, from the power plant investment operations and raw materials, component makers have set foot in the power station construction and industry depth adjustment.

In 2015, China PV installed capacity growth, new installed capacity reached 15.13 million-kilowatt, accounting for more than one-fourth of new installed capacity in the world. China has become the largest country in the global PV installed capacity, cumulative installed capacity up to 43.18 million-kilowatt. Among them, the PV power station 37.12 million-kilowatt, 6.06 million-kilowatt distributed, when annual output of 39.2 billion-kilowatt.

Figure 4 2009-2015 PV installed capacity in China and growth in

<br />
The development trend of China's PV industry from competition

(Source: China PV industry association)

Photovoltaic power plants, relative to the power station operators ‘ caution, many component manufacturers actively involved in power plant construction. But the “internal rate of return above 10%” an important prerequisite, is underwritten in the early developer build of power transfer as soon as possible. If the buyer is not found, components manufacturers will have to turn to operators, to build power station in the early investment payback period will be longer, components manufacturers will face capital chain rupture risk. Expected depth of power plant operations and raw materials industry will have a period of adjustment, there will be a number of enterprises exiting from the power plant operations, will speed up the pace of structural adjustment.

Second, from the perspective of competition analysis the development of PV industry in China

The “Thirteen-Five” plan forward-looking, strategic, overarching to clear the continuous and healthy development of China’s economic and social standpoint and focus, has brought new opportunities for the development of photovoltaic industry and new space.

First of all, under the green economy will be the new normal, a new strategic choice, photovoltaic industry is China’s energy structure adjustment and energy transformation and upgrading of the major direction of the industry.

Secondly, we are promoting “along the way” strategy, “integration of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei,” regional development strategies will create a large number of the PV industry needs, PV enterprises “going out” will continue to accelerate the pace.

At last, of a new electric power system reform implementation will further break the PV industry obstacles to the development of institutional mechanisms, release the PV industry’s development potential.

Installed capacity in the domestic demand and driven by overseas markets, photovoltaic industry will present development situation of stable growth. According to the photovoltaic industry “Thirteen-Five” development plan, by 2020, the PV installed capacity will reach around 150 million kilowatts in China.

First, industry will be further optimized.

Under the abandoned power rationing and price cut, our country will speed up the construction of demonstration area of distributed PV applications, photovoltaic industry will gradually shift to distributed projects, focusing on the development of large industrial park, economic development zone, public facilities and housing as the main roof based on distributed PV systems. By 2020, distributed PV power installed capacity will reach 70 million-kilowatt. Meanwhile, will select the resource conditions of the Western region, with large-scale areas of access and local absorptive capacity, ordered construction of photovoltaic power generation base.

Second, industry concentration will further increase.

Upstream polysilicon production component production in the middle and mergers and acquisitions will further speed up links will have a power plant investment operations and raw materials assets of smaller, poor economic returns of enterprises will be withdrawn from the market. Photovoltaic industry will gradually form a number of assets larger, core competence, ability to integrate with regional industry leaders.

Three are cross-industry integration will further advance.

Location of PV industry in China will be based on regional advantages, resource and industrial advantages and technological superiority to achieve poverty reduction, agriculture, climate, such as the productive integration of the industry, and to give priority to the development of the region’s most basic, most advantageous conditions, can achieve the first breakthrough in the industry segments.

Four is an innovative drive will be further highlighted.

“The Internet + PV of” becoming a trend, and intelligent level of PV industry in China will be further enhanced, and spawned a large number of disruptive business models and innovation enterprise. , Cloud computing, big data via the Internet and other emerging information technologies and means of PV industry the capability of independent innovation will rapidly increase, crystalline silicon manufacturing high precision, high conversion efficiency of photovoltaic devices, photovoltaic micro-grid system will be key areas of technical innovation and development of PV industry in China.

Five “go” will further speed up the pace.

“Along the way” of power facilities are relatively less developed countries and regions, the power gap, with broad space for development. In domestic overcapacity, European sanctions shadow still lives under the situation, expedite the process of production to “along the way” along the country, become a realistic choice for sustained and healthy development of PV industry in China and an important support for these countries and areas are expected to be the development of PV industry in China to undertake and new profit growth point.

Original title: the development trend of China’s PV industry from competition

Tesla s acquisition of Solarcity wrong

Polaris solar PV net news: Elon Musk’s fame, a time article on Tesla’s acquisition of Solarcity’s analysis such as snowflakes, pros and cons of alternate. Although the latter camp was slightly stronger, the stock market also has to make its own choice, but dare to believe acquisition error none of that seems to be a, so made this great discussion as is the current United Kingdom exit polling, vote more with less is not necessarily more or less representing the truth.

Is in favour of “a vertically integrated energy company” direction, do not approve of is certainly “a vertically integrated energy company” does not have the conditions. The latter on the grounds that concept is good, but Tesla and Solarcity is a serious loss, difficult to “negative”.

Discussions of the photovoltaic sector feels a little bit funny, because the business model for Solarcity, PV all who served for several years as the Bible, Solarcity, individual PV now people seem to hate cannot be “knocked to the ground, never again set foot in 10,000 feet.” This inevitably trance: Solarcity is wrong or are we wrong?

Old red in the PV industry, at least as many objections to methodology is wrong.

Tesla’s acquisition of Solarcity issues discussed, several aspects of the discussion should first be clear, to discuss the conclusion questions. First level is of Solarcity’s business model is right or wrong, what is the cause of serious losses? The second level is why Tesla bought Solarcity? The third level is the Tesla can have the ability to purchase, form a “hotbed” of results. Plenty of articles directly into the analysis the focus of the third level, simple easy misleading conclusions.

First, Solarcity’s business model is no problem. “Through energy procurement agreements with the end user agreement (PPA) charge a leasing fee, together with investors enjoy government rebates, tax subsidies,” the business model, is established in theory, in reality has made Solacity became United States largest service provider of distributed PV, 2015 solar power system one-third for all residents across the United States by the company responsible for the installation. Also said because PV product prices fell sharply, eliminating the need for Solarcity’s leasing model. This is not supported by microfinance never wither away small fall in commodity prices.

Second, Solarcity business models will inevitably lead to cash flow problems. Because business models popular, bringing business and simultaneous rapid growth of fixed assets, financing of short duration due to asset recovery long term, inevitably generated from investing activities net cash flow is negative and the contradictions of maturing debt principal and interest payments increased, financial losses and continued for a long time of pay pressures. Leasing is a financial behavior of distributed PV power plant, which should be completed by the financial institution, but now is made up of Solarcity there is no huge capital, without a strong debt financing of non-financial institutions to complete. In the past 3 years, Solarcity’s debt ballooned 13 times to 3.25 billion dollars, with 1.23 billion dollars in debt will expire at the end of 2017. Chat here, many medium and small PV enterprises should celebrate because different financial conditions, made imitation of Solarcity’s business model is not in the past.

Third, musk “vertically integrated energy company” logic is established. To create a clean energy suppliers, providing both power and provides storage, also provided electricity products, in production form a closed loop, which links form a chain of consumption, particularly Tesla more than 100,000 customers combined with Solarcity’s more than 300,000 customers, this is so that the number of Chinese entrepreneurs, in particular photovoltaic entrepreneur would envy, direction thing.

Finally, funding potential danger. Tesla is a loss, Solarcity is losing, in 2015, the two companies lost $ 1.66 billion, and cash flow was a negative $ 4.79 billion, and Tesla and Solarcity is convertible to acquisitions has no cash flow, more rigorous both with “burning money” stage. It is regrettable that, capital markets solve the problem of “burning money” problem areas, good story, things should have been paid for by financial institutions, but now because of the bad stories, musk I had to pay the Bill. Hope he will be as each of the difficulties encountered in the past, manages, and constantly create miracles.

Things are complicated, sometimes does not correctly due to its right, there must be a correct result, errors are not there must be incorrect results due to their error, so fragmentation results from inferences and conclusions conclusions of the discussion are worthy of discussion. Analysis of Tesla’s acquisition of Solarcity, is the motivation of the right, ability to Act means remains to be seen, as to the result of who can say we must not “in case of success.”

Original title: Tesla’s acquisition of Solarcity wrong?

Northwest wind frequency was abandoned before the end of June or in Inner Mongolia

Polaris solar PV net news: in early June, Zhao Yin hurried to the Inner Mongolia power group, National Energy Board latest on wind power, photovoltaic power generation fully guaranteeing the purchasing management notification of job-related requirements (hereinafter referred to as the notice), this notice on the wind, PV backing protection policy rules is his biggest concern.

“The circular on wind power, optical focus area guaranteed minimum annual utilization hours were approved, the move is equivalent to ‘ fallback ‘, settled parts of photovoltaic, wind power could not dissolve problems. “Zhao Yin said.

Green energy into the development cycle

Clean energy instead of conventional fossil fuels are a major trend. According to the plan, by 2020, 2030, renewable energy accounted for respectively 15% and 20%. Outside in addition to hydropower, wind power and photovoltaic solar energy were included in the major development strategies.

The beginning of 2015, wind, photovoltaic energy development policies have been issued. National Energy Board cancelled generators (including wind farms, solar power projects)-grid security evaluation. Then in March last year, the National Energy Board issued on 2015 annual wind power to dissolve notice on work. In April of that year, the fifth batch of wind turbine projects approved plans announced, project amounted to 34 million-kilowatt, above trade expectations.

Encouragement of the policies, wind, photovoltaic energy to achieve a rapid development. In Inner Mongolia, for example, one part of the electric power industry Association statistics show that Inner Mongolia 6,000-kilowatt wind power installed capacity of 24.6244 million kilowatts and above, ranking first in the country. Wind power strong expansion of new energy, photovoltaic power generation rise in 2015 alone 800,000-kilowatt new photovoltaic power generation project in Inner Mongolia.

However, while wind power and PV installed capacity expanding, generating cost has dropped significantly, industry chain gradually improved when the new energy price and guarantees not adjust in time, new energy development in a “high subsidy, high growth, high power, high arrears” cycle.

Abandon “wind,” or abandoned “power”?

The Erdos hangjin County Zhao Yin Wu Su and wind farm operation for six months, tax included price is 0.51 Yuan/kWh, while the wind farms will get 2 cents per kilowatt hour of additional national renewable electricity price subsidies, but Internet use does not meet power generation loads, wind farms cannot get out of the “abandoned style” quagmire.

In fact, “abandoned the wind” “abandoned” power has become a wind, solar and other renewable energy industries a major bottleneck for the development of. A report from the national development and Reform Commission of Inner Mongolia’s statistics show that, with the development of wind power, “abandon wind” problem that had plagued wind power industry last year, Inner Mongolia “abandon wind” was 18%. Chinese Photovoltaic Industry Association’s latest annual report of China PV industry 2015 North “abandon rate” of 17.08%.

Zhao Yin says, in the wind, photovoltaic energy installed capacity growth at the same time, West Inner Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Inner Mongolia power grid construction, lack of electricity load and so enable new sources of power to dissolve with limited space.

Compared with the power grid construction, affecting whole new energy to dissolve more “lethal” constraint is the thermal power. “Even under construction and ready to build the power delivery channel to alleviate some wind, photovoltaic grid-connected power generation problem, but due to the thermal power capacity, peak capacity is weak and insufficient overall demand for electricity and other reasons, wind power, photovoltaic power generation projects still normal power arrangements. ”

This reporter has learned, installed capacity of new energy in Inner Mongolia upgrade at the same time, new installed capacity of thermal power and did not stop. Fold “wind,” or abandoned “power” as the dilemma of development of new energy in Inner Mongolia.

New rules for green power backing

For the Western region “abandoned the wind”, “abandoned” and more serious problems, released the National Energy Board’s notice published for the first time the wind and photovoltaic power generation the guaranteed minimum number of hours, urged all localities to achieve protection of hour requirements, and effective protection for new energy, promoting new energy sources such as wind power, photovoltaic power generation industry healthy and orderly development.

In this new energy in backing new regulations, photovoltaic power generation, wind power according to the seriousness of the problems in key areas was divided into category I and II. Photovoltaic maximum threshold is 1500 hours, a minimum of 1300 hours; wind power up to 2000 hours, a minimum of 1800 hours.

Zhao Yin said, according to the new regulations, he is guaranteeing the purchasing of wind hours to 2000 hours. In other words, if the usage is below this amount, the Government must sell electricity purchase.

The requirements of the notice, the power grid at the end of June this year and wind power, photovoltaic power company by 2016-priority contracts, security policies can be formally implemented this year, does not meet the minimum security requirements of power hour renewable energy act in accordance with the regulation on guaranteeing the purchasing power in full compensation.

A new energy analyst told reporters, referred to in the notice, and encouraged all over the objective of improving the protection, does not meet the minimum security requirements of the provinces not to start the construction of the new “wind,” project, “which can be considered a priority on renewable Internet access and affordable acquisition and analysis of constraint files, specific protection efforts far beyond expectation. ”

It is reported, is expected before the end of June, will introduce protection in Inner Mongolia wind, PV guaranteeing the purchasing policy rules.

Original title: the “wind,” were frequently enacted new rules the Government abandon “reveals”

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Hebei declared the 2016 General grid connected PV power plant project and the

Polaris solar PV net news: municipalities (including Dingzhou, xinji City), national development and Reform Commission (Bureau), State grid electric power company in Hebei province and State grid power company in North Hebei province:

This year, the State issued a common construction scale PV power station 1 million-kilowatt in our province. By thoroughly investigating, documented in the province and under construction before the end of the completion of projects, grid-connected conditions, size 1.5 million-kilowatt about the contradiction. In order to ensure the timely incorporation of the project built, to avoid the “sun light” problem, through researching, in the scheduling of grid-connected PV power station plans at the same time, the organization declared the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation. Related matters are hereby notified as follows:

A, the principle of arrangement

Main schedule filed under construction and put into operation during the year on-grid project, no arrangements for the project in principle.

(A) the priorities included in the grid plan of the year, but plans have a gap project;

(B) priorities were included in the annual construction plans, currently the main project has been completed and conditions of grid-connected projects;

(C) suitable arrangements have been included in building plans, building quick progress, year built and put into production grid-connected and better projects.

(D) encouraged construction of State-level poverty-stricken counties project, declared the second batch of scale PV projects.

Second, the Declaration

(A) ordinary photovoltaic power plant according to the general outline of optimization of photovoltaic power generation project documents prepared (annex 1) filled, in particular, to indicate the completion of time, have been completed and projects should be the local development and reform and power grid Corporation of certification. Meanwhile, competitive allocation approach required, issue a letter of commitment.

(B) the PV projects according to the National Energy Board, the poverty alleviation Office under the State Council rules the PV implementation for poverty alleviation programming commitments calling for. -Wide model for poverty alleviation. Among them, the class II areas solar energy resources according to 25-kilowatt size per poor standard, solar resources class III area according to 30-kilowatt size per poor standards.

Third, the requirement

1. All municipal development and Reform Commission and other local power grid companies to declare the incorporation plan projects carefully examine, strictly, to the construction site to verify the progress of the project. Declarations of deception, acertained that cancel projects nominated and declared eligible, and the city informed criticism.

2. Same item, same size double claims the incorporation plan and PV for poverty alleviation.

3. To declare the common grid-connected PV power station project, I will appoint a third party expert, Hebei province PV power plant project in accordance with the competitive allocation methods selected.

4. Filing before the city on July 15 and the project table (annex 2), corporate filings, prepared by the County as a unit PV implementation for poverty alleviation programmes, submitted together with the electronic version of my Committee fails to report deemed abandoned.

Contact person: Li Feifei 0311-88600512 scope

Email: hbsxnyc@163.com

Annexes: 1. General optimization of photovoltaic power generation project application materials to prepare an outline

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Hebei declared the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice
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Hebei declared the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice
<br />
Hebei declared the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice
<br />
Hebei declared the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice

2. 2016 general power plant in Hebei province and the photovoltaic project statistics

<br />
Hebei declared the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice

3. 2016 years construction in Hebei province are making quick progress project statistics

<br />
Hebei declared the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice
<br />
Hebei declared the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice
<br />
Hebei declared the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice
<br />
Hebei declared the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice
<br />
Hebei declared the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice

Original title: Declaration of the 2016 General grid-connected PV power plant project and the second batch of PV power projects for poverty alleviation notice

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Agricultural photovoltaic PV Thirteen Five how important

Polaris solar PV net news: agricultural scale PV development problems are not solved, PV “Thirteen-Five” planning objective will be very difficult to achieve. Re-examine PV agriculture is not only a question of quantity, it is a quality issue.

National PV development “Thirteen-Five” planned power plant construction is 150GW, the growth of PV power station construction is 436%. Compared with other renewable energy “Thirteen-Five” power station construction targets double-digit growth, 436% growth is highest in the PV is inspiring.

But please wait for the PV “Thirteen-Five” cheer power station construction, because it probably can’t do.

PV is always surprising, the last more than 10 years, photovoltaic industry from scratch, from there to the world; the past four years, photovoltaic power plant construction from scratch and from there to the world. But it started two years ago, there was another accident.

The surprise is that by 2013, PV power station construction always not surprisingly higher than expected development results, after 2014, the PV power station construction below the planned target of the result is always unexpected. The 2014 plan 15GW, actual finish 10.6GW;2015-year plan 23.1GW actual 15.1GW.

There are several reasons contributing to this accident, PV results are not ideal for agricultural development must be one of the important reasons. PV scale development of agriculture-related issues are not resolved, will eventually become the PV development “Thirteen-Five” planning targets, and even the most important factor affecting China’s energy supply structure.

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Agricultural photovoltaic PV

This is because, distributed PV PV development is “Thirteen-Five” important part of the planning, and important component of agricultural is distributed in photovoltaic solar power station. Large-scale photovoltaic development problems are not solved, distributed PV development “Thirteen-Five” target difficult to achieve, the PV “Thirteen-Five” planning goals more difficult to achieve, rationalization of the energy supply structure in China will encounter obstacles.

So, should stand on photovoltaic development “Thirteen-Five” point of view of planning, rationalization of China’s future energy supply, re-examine PV agriculture, this is not just a quantity issue, it is a quality issue. At present, the PV scale some problems need to be solved in the development of agriculture:

1. distributed has been past PV annual construction goals to finish the main reason

2014 15GW distributed PV power station construction goals, actual 10.6GW, distributed target is 8GW, only complete national PV power station construction is 2GW;2015 years 23.1GW, real 15.1GW, which distributed do not set goals, encouraging the development of actual 2GW. The actual construction of distributed PV results, seriously affecting the national PV power station completed annual construction goals.

Result was not ideal because of distributed PV power plant construction worth serious study. The past two years, the State distributed PV unprecedented attention, policy has never been favored, despite the bad results can predict distributed construction, but actual construction results is always worse than anticipated. These results force us to think seriously about the upcoming PV development “Thirteen-Five” program, how to locate distributed PV? How to develop distributed PV?

2. distributed PV development must be “Thirteen-Five” important part of the planning

In photovoltaic development “Thirteen-Five” in planning and discussion, two important indicators: goal 150GW is a photovoltaic power station construction, which distributed 70GW; one is a new solar power installed capacity of 35% in the Western region and other 65% located in the Central and Eastern regions. Often, people only remember the first, ignoring the second.

The connotation of these two indicators is the same, is the PV “Thirteen-Five” indispensable in planning, number of irreducible two data, must be simultaneously achieved. This is determined by two reasons:

Be decided by reverse distribution pattern of China’s energy resources. In China scale development PV power, has three species select: first, in solar resources, and can using land rich of West construction mass PV power station, will PV power mass, and far distance conveying to power load Center of East, its results must is conveying capacity limited, and conveying cost high, this must not optimal of select; second, in solar resources is not most rich, and but power load Center of East construction mass PV power station, although not need mass, and far distance conveying, The result would face severe shortage of available land, this is unlikely to be optimal choice; and, third, in the large-scale development of distributed PV power station in the East, will undoubtedly become the optimal choice, must be selected. Similarly, it has also become PV development “Thirteen-Five” programming option must be selected.

Another reason is the coming era of democratization of energy decisions. Distributed power of spontaneous use, elimination is the most reasonable energy use patterns, fast development of the smart grid, energy storage technology, the democratization of energy is possible. Compared to all other forms of energy use, only natural distributed in photovoltaic power of standard forms and the most economic use of the form, which is the main development direction of energy form beyond doubt. Similarly, that undoubtedly should be PV development “Thirteen-Five” planning important content.

3. PV of agriculture should become an important component of distributed PV

The connotation of distributed PV: refers to is located near the users, energy use, with 10,000 volts and the voltage connected to the grid, and the single and network capacity does not exceed 6 megawatts of power generation projects; extension of distributed PV power plant: mainly by roof power station (residential and commercial) and PV agriculture consists of two major parts.

PV agriculture should become the most important component of distributed PV. This is because, only to develop photovoltaic agriculture to complete photovoltaic development “Thirteen-Five” planned construction of distributed targets.

By the end of 2015, China has built a distributed PV 5.7GW, PV development “Thirteen-Five” planning to build 70GW distributed targets over the next five years, building annual amount cannot be less than 12GW. PV “Thirteen-Five” planning how distributed targets will form, how to realize the problem, and at how an issue will determine whether implementation issues.

Distributed PV development in China in the past has been proven, have to get rid of depends on the roof completed “Thirteen-Five” planning the rest of 62.3GW distributed PV power station construction goals, realize rational energy supply of the future body of fantasy. This is affected by population and the available land is scarce, limited building roofs, property rights complex effects determined by the roof couldn’t have had enough. And not only the existing roof difficult to satisfy for PV power station building, and that it cannot be required to meet the reasonable layout of PV.

Now that the roof does not resolve to achieve PV development “Thirteen-Five” planning, rational problems of energy supply structure, must re-examine, positioning – another extension of distributed PV agriculture. Based on the scientific and rational policy, agriculture should become an important part of distributed PV PV.

4. PV agriculture has become an important aspect of distributed

Photovoltaic meaning of agriculture: refers to the establishment of agricultural facilities or agricultural land, does not change the nature of land and promote agricultural and solar photoelectric and the comprehensive development of agricultural complex systems.

PV agricultural extension: include agriculture (plant breeding) greenhouses, agricultural complementarity and fishing light complement each other, Lin Guang to complement each other. Among them, the complementary extension of light: in the field of agriculture through scientific and rational raised mounting or flexible mounting scheme, agricultural cultivation without changing both fair value and photovoltaic power generation combined with a form of reciprocal basis.

5.7GW distributed PV power plant in China has completed digital, distributed PV PV agriculture has in fact become an important content. If you pay attention, lots on the development of distributed PV news and cases, a large proportion of all PV agriculture-related. A lot around distributed PV training and case, also related to agriculture and PV.

Recently Zhejiang Province NDRC Zhejiang agricultural light complementary type ground PV power station construction effectiveness, and exists problem and recommends a paper in the said: “as March 2016 end of, Zhejiang Province has built grid ground PV power station 20 a, total scale 672,000 kW, which including East provinces monomer scale maximum of are Thai jiangshan 200 MW agricultural light complementary ground PV power station; building 14 a, total scale 647,000 kW; is expected to 2016 end of province can built ground PV power station 2 million-kilowatt above. Photovoltaic power stations on the ground are used ‘ complementarity ‘, ‘ Yue Kwong mutual complement ‘, ‘ Lin Guang complementary ‘ mode, with multiple economic and social benefits. “Known by the end of 2015, total amount of photovoltaic power stations have been built in Zhejiang Province is 1.64GW.

5. the current policy does not explicitly affect PV to large-scale development of agriculture

Currently, the State of development of photovoltaic agriculture’s general attitude is positive. However, or under the influence of photovoltaic involve more cross-industry Management Department of agriculture, it administered. Or under the influence of cognitive approach varies, and inevitably related policies are not clear. Performance has three: in energy management sector, National Energy Council on further implementation distributed PV power about policy of notification clear proposed “encourages distributed PV power and farmers poverty, and new rural construction, and agricultural facilities phase combined, promote rural residents life improved and agricultural rural development”; in land management sector, land resources department development reform Board Technology Department industrial and information Department housing urban and rural construction Commerce on support new industry new industry State development promote mass venture peoples innovation with to of views clear proposed ” On the occupation of agricultural land for construction, all parts should be according to construction land management “; in the agricultural sector, it is understood because the support and opposition to two quite different views at the same time, currently in a State of wait-and-see and do not participate in. This makes photovoltaic agriculture, especially agricultural and light complementary development in a State of dilemma.

Carefully introduce PV agricultural policy is correct. Because of the “red line of 1.8 billion mu of arable land,” the national strategy issues should not be discussed; second, because the combination of farming with photovoltaic, and their efficiency is not affected, combining well, their benefits are affected. Third, because PV agriculture, business model is also of concern in the ripening process.

However, in order to complete PV “Thirteen-Five” planning distributed short-term development goals and rational energy supply structure of long-term development objectives, PV status of agriculture issues also to be expeditiously explore and solve when, in particular agricultural complementarity problems. This is because, agriculture greenhouses, fishing light complement each other, Lin Guang complementary utilization of space is limited, complementary use of space is enormous.

PV agriculture is the scarcity of agricultural land in national agricultural development and photovoltaic power generation development of a creative, is a last resort in the cause of human development of photovoltaic passive selection, its only value is in full use of land resources. Therefore, stressed that in order to develop photovoltaic agriculture, especially agricultural and light complementary logic: this is not the best choice, but probably should be selected.

Original title: agricultural photovoltaic PV “Thirteen-Five” how important?

Polaris solar network on June 23 2016 news review

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar PV NET summary June 23 news, United States PV cells made anti-dumping against China final effects on enterprises limited, Ningxia Commission announces 2015-grid-connected PV projects 6.30 in the situation, Taiwan announced the renewable target 2025 PV installed capacity 20GW, as follows:

United States photovoltaic cells make a final anti-dumping towards China limited impact on the enterprise

Commission announces 2015-solar project in Ningxia 6.30 in the grid

Taiwan announced the renewable target 2025 PV installed capacity 20GW

Tesla’s “dangerous” acquisition of SolarCity in market capitalization of 2.1 billion euros

Abandoned solar high-speed road bridge, Chongqing sharply scale back restructuring

Guide to PV project development and construction in Xinjiang

Strive for five years for energy consumption in Hubei Province dominated by clean energy

PV equipment industry “leader” era

By 2030 solar will supply global 13% electric

Chile breakthrough solar installed capacity 1.2GW

Germany School of energy transformation?

Media: China to become largest PV power generation State

Tesla’s acquisition of SolarCity failure is breakthrough?

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Tesla will save the Solarcity is sliding into the abyss

Polaris solar PV net news: electric car manufacturer Tesla this week issued to all solar energy provider Solarcity offer plans in the form of a total amount of about $ 2.86 billion all-stock acquisition of the latter.

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Tesla will save the Solarcity is sliding into the abyss?

As the companies founder Elon ˙ musk (Elon Musk), this is a fundamental “without thinking” transactions, mergers and acquisitions will yield synergies, reduce costs, conducive to the operation and development of the two companies.

But in the eyes of the capital markets, this “natural” mergers, but it is a loss-making company in an attempt to rescue another heavily indebted loss making companies. In announcing the offer a day after, Tesla’s stock plunged more than 10%, reflects the investors in the deal have not been promising.

The two companies are currently in the operation of the financial losses, “a hotbed of” such a thing in the eyes of investors seemed less likely to occur, two companies with large debts, and together, perhaps not only to produce synergistic effects, but may lead to more severe financial crisis. Simple sum, the company has lost $ 1.66 billion in 2015, the free cash flow was a negative $ 4.79 billion.

Tesla is currently facing a new generation of electric cars Model3 capacity pressures and Solarcity is heavily dependent on United States energy subsidies, once new energy subsidies reduced or stopped, will have fundamental consequences for its business.

Whether it is Tesla and Solarcity, depicted their vision of the future is good: the human community will no longer need to use fossil fuels, running electric vehicles on the ground, all energy comes from renewable energy like solar, is just such a vision still needs to go through the real challenges.

Solarcity is heavily dependent on subsidy model risks

Solarcity was founded in 2006, initially originated from the musk of solar energy services to households of the idea, with the help of his, their cousins PeterRive and LyndonRive jointly established this company, musk is Chairman of the Board of Directors of the company.

United States average family, using solar energy as a main source of power is costly, to companies engaged in solar-powered services perspective, the resident market is not in the past they focused on business, because not reasonable from a business perspective, but Solarcity appears, fill this gap.

Through innovation of long-term rental mode, General residents also can enjoy to to low of price gets solar power of way, as long as and Solarcity signed rental contracts, the company will is responsible for to residents home in the, is responsible for roof solar Board and full system of installation, and debugging and follow-up of maintenance service,, user also can through intelligent phone Shang of APP, real-time monitoring solar power situation, master electricity volume and electricity cost.

This model soon was widely welcomed in sunny California, Solarcity has attracted a large number of users for a short time, was established a year later, Solarcity has become the leading solar energy service provider in California, by 2013, Solarcity has become America’s largest solar equipment installed residents of provider.

According to Solarcity2015 report, when all residents across the United States solar power system one-third is the company responsible for the installation, and in commercial and industrial solar energy equipment market, Solarcity held one-eighth shares. Since its inception, Solarcity for a total of 230,000 users installed a solar-powered device, 70% users are concentrated in California, Arizona, Massachusetts, Maryland and New York in 5 States.

From 2012 to 2014, Solarcity revenues achieved a double, because for the average electricity prices are relatively high and sunny area, Solarcity leases provided by too much power supply model is especially welcome.

But such a model one of the most obvious pitfall: too dependent on subsidies, Solarcity currently enjoy tax relief of up to 30%, which is United States Government encouraged one of the specific measures for solar energy industry, with such high subsidies, Solarcity to ordinary residents with price-competitive solar energy services in order to become possible.

For solar energy services industry, a harsh reality is: If out of subsidies in most regions and in most cases, using solar power cost is still far higher than other traditional means of power generation cost, and Solarcity’s main business-General residents a rooftop solar panel power generation, the cost is higher.

SeverinBorenstein, a professor at the University of California at Berkeley points out, if only in accordance with the cost of electricity, without regard to financial subsidies, “commercial solar power such a market does not exist.”

Despite for solar power of PV module of price in recent years has sharply declined, from 2008 of each Watt 4 dollars declined to 2014 of each Watt 65 cents, but for engaged in civilian solar service of company for, other aspects of cost to reduced, including for will solar Board access grid of conversion device of price, and will solar Board installation to roof of artificial installation fee,, these cost occupy has whole civilian solar system of 85%. MIT report noted that, even if the photovoltaic modules will be available free, the cost of solar power, eventually unable to compete and the cost of coal or natural gas power generation.

In such cases, financial subsidies for residents in solar mode only help to economically reasonable. In 2015, the annual earnings, Solarcity has clearly shown the risk to investors, said once the subsidies reduced, suspended or terminated, would “cause costs to rise, forcing the company to increase the price of solar energy systems, which could reduce market share. ”

In fact, future United States Government subsidies for new energy is indeed declining, similar companies like Solarcity currently 30% in corporate tax breaks, but the amount will be in 2020, down to 22%, starting in 2022, the tax amount will be lowered further to 10%, for Solarcity, obviously, reduction of subsidies is extremely bad.

In addition, Solarcity risks also include the overall raising of interest rates. At present, Solarcity through long-term lease contracts with the customer way of securitization, to obtain large amounts of cash flow to keep operating, the value of bonds is based on future rent discount to the current paid users to calculate, if rising interest rates, the discount rate will rise, causing bond values declined. Solarcity said in the risk, the current United States interest rates at historic low levels, mainly because of the Fed’s unconventional monetary policy, the future fed monetary intervention dwindling, even into raising interest rates track will make Solarcity’s further rise in financing costs.

In past of 3 years in the, Solarcity of debt quickly expansion has 13 times times to 3.25 billion dollars, and these debt of reimbursement need relies on made long-term rental contracts of customer of cash flow to support, in these huge debt in the, has 1.23 billion dollars of debt will in 2017 end of due, this is outside questioned this pen merger trading of main concern points, think this is one “Save action”, wants to relies on special Republika pulled to to Solarcity “transfusion”.

In the past year, Solarcity, near 60%, in value, less dependent on subsidies and increasing pattern, is no longer in the long term investors are bullish.

Productivity pressures on Tesla

As the acquisition of Tesla, the question does not of itself less than Solarcity. This year is holding a Grand Model3 of Tesla’s latest low end electric vehicle launches, and hundreds of thousands of book orders, one of the most actual problems in front of Tesla: capacity to solve.

From ModelS to ModelX, Model3, Tesla’s brand has been set up, along with the rich product line, Tesla’s next is to experience large scale production, to address the growing market demand and its own profit needs.

In fact, capacity has become Tesla’s priority. Mr MASKEY said at a recent investor conference call, your desk has been moved to the Tesla factory in fulaimengte, California, and even placed a sleeping bag in the room.

Tesla has previously said, 2016 will produce between 1600 and 1800 vehicles per week on average, according to this calculation, production for the full year of around 80000 to 93,000 units between the figures lower than previously expected, but for medium and long term, Thomas still insists that by 2018 would achieve the goal of producing 500,000, equivalent to 10 times now.

According to past experience, Tess cart delivery delays are frequent, thus Model3 in Tesla had promised delivery in 2018, you also need to call into question.

Research and development of new vehicles, opening up new production lines, set up shop, which require huge capital investment, according to Tesla 2015 reported cash flow for investing activities $ 1.67 billion in 2014, representing a substantial growth of 990 million dollars near 70%, most of this part of the cash from the bond financing. Tesla had expected 2016 a total investment up to $ 2.25 billion in 2015, representing a further marked increase, mainly for development and production of new Model3,

Musk has said previously, when Tesla car production reached a certain level of scale, that is, after 2020, can expect to turn a profit. At present, this goal was now to advance to the year 2018.

If the smooth completion of the merger eventually to Solarcity, which bring Tesla drag may far exceed Mr MASKEY said synergies from the, resulting in management of the two companies are in a more difficult position.

On two home company of actual control horses Republika grams,, first he need while should two home large burn money also not profit of company of financial problem, currently two home company not only debt, large of debt has directly and he personal directly related joint, he is Solarcity of “solar bonds” of maximum holds who, he of another a company, and engaged in rocket launches of SpaceX, also in last year March purchase has value 90 million dollars of the bonds, He also owned $ 2.51 billion to stock-hypothecated loan of us $ 475 million in the form of used to buy shares in Tesla and Solarcity, to inject capital into the two companies.

His explanation of the rationality of the merger, described this scene: when customers shop Tesla Tesla electric car or when a Powerwall, curious about solar power generated, and not to directly sell products related to solar energy inefficiency will make things, so after the acquisition of Solarcity can simultaneously increase product sales of the two companies.

Such idealized scenes can truly take place, is not yet known, musk, Tesla electric car interested customers and interested in solar power system customers are overlapping, but apparently the idea that there are impossible to verify.

There is no doubt that musk thought to achieve his long-term energy plan “perfect combination”, at least for now in the capital market, was a helpless self, completely replace fossil fuels with renewable energy vision, at least in the face of reality still looks fragile.

Original title: Tesla will save a solar energy company is sliding into the abyss

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Polysilicon imports maintained million tons of imports from South Korea continued

Polaris solar PV net news: according to the latest customs statistics, in May 2016, China imports above tons of polysilicon, 10159 tonnes, reduced 16.1% per cent in January-May, imported 58886 tons, an increase of 19.8%. Led to cumulative imports volume constantly refresh increases records of reasons has: first, from Korea imports volume high, in imports total in the accounted for than has been maintained in 50% around of high, keep maximum imports source to, especially April from Korea imports polysilicon volume create history high reached 6614 tons, accounted for total imports volume of 54.7%, May imports volume for 4875 tons, accounted for total imports volume of 48%; second, from Taiwan imports polysilicon accounted for than increasingly increased, April from Taiwan imports volume for 1941 tons, Record, 16% per cent of total imports, imports in May 1511, also remained high at 14.9% per cent, the highest in China’s third-largest importer. In conclusion, Korea, and Taiwan imports remain high for a long time, are the main factors leading to total imports of innovative high.

In May, China imported polysilicon prices slightly rose to 16.59 dollars/kg per cent from 12.1% per cent. May rebound in prices is mainly attributed to the United States imported electronic grade products ratio increased significantly in polycrystalline silicon, so the price may go up.

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Polysilicon imports maintained million tons of imports from South Korea continued high

Figure 1 May 2015-May 2016 polysilicon average prices for imports and import diagram data source: customs

According to country-specific import figures May total imports 10159, reduced 16.1% per cent, from Korea and the United States, and Germany, and Taiwan four imported polysilicon 8896 tons, total imports of 87.6%,

May from Korea is 4875 tonnes were imported, accounting for 48% of the total imports from United States imports of 383 tons, 3.8% per cent of total imports from Germany imports 2127, 20.9% per cent of total imports from Taiwan was 1511 tonnes were imported, total imports of 14.9%; the other area is 1263 tonnes were imported, accounting for 12.4% of the total.

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Polysilicon imports maintained million tons of imports from South Korea continued high

Worthy of note are the following three aspects:

First, Taiwan imported polysilicon for 9 consecutive months above thousand tons, and in April was increased from 1941, record, total imports of 16% compared to normal imports increased more than twice times, May also remain high at 1511, 14.9% per cent of total imports. Because by Taiwan imports to avoid “double reverse” levy has gradually become the mainstream and more rampant, even from the United States imports substantially reduced, since the United States and Taiwan imports and is still about 2000 tons/month, and the United States is not yet reduced amounts. It is well known that Taiwan did not polysilicon production enterprise, but customs data of Taiwan appears as a country of origin, through 8-bit encodings cannot differentiate between polysilicon ingot, while Taiwan also has ingot manufacturers, making investigation difficult.

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Polysilicon imports maintained million tons of imports from South Korea continued high
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Polysilicon imports maintained million tons of imports from South Korea continued high

Second, May from the Korea import polysilicon 4875 tonnes, a decrease of 26.3%, in the proportion of total inflow for the month up to 48%, today 1-May from Korea imported 28528 tons, up drastic increase of 48.6%. May since Korea by processing trade way imports polysilicon 349 tons, accounted for since Korea imports total of 7.2%, than Qian 50% around of processing trade accounted for than has sharply reduced, main remains due to “suspended processing trade” policy strictly implementation Hou, Korea of main export Enterprise OCI and Korea silicon industry (HankookSilicon) of tax only for 2.4% and 2.8%, anti-dumping tax on its fundamental not caused any effect, so are full produced run, still export China, In accordance with general trade to China, other tax rates slightly higher enterprise through re-exports Taiwan or special approval procedures by processing trade in China. So leads from Korea into the country increased the amount of polysilicon, and again hit a record high. Meanwhile, in 1-May from Korea imported polysilicon prices fell to $ 13.94 per kg, up slumped by 23.6%. The above data shows that the “double reverse” the Korea anti-dumping penalties too weak, Korea whether it is in the general trade and processing trade exports to China, had no effect on its, and it can be repeatedly lower the price dumping. Obviously, Korea imported both from the price or import production had serious impact on domestic markets, so Korea review dumping should be regarded as a top priority.

Three, according to the trade points in May 2016, China’s processing trade imports 1462 tons, accounted for 12.4%, today 1-May by way of processing trade imports 9511, 16.2% per cent of total imports. 1 May for all imported goods in the bonded warehouse for processing trade goods in transit up to 88% per cent, a large majority of non-General trade of such products through the bonded warehousing transit entry mode. Points country specific seems: May since Korea by processing trade way imports polysilicon 349 tons, accounted for since Korea imports total of 7.2%, this 7.2% in the has 68.8% is bonded warehouse transit goods, warehouse transit way imports proportion increasingly increased; 5 since United States by processing trade way imports polysilicon 346 tons, accounted for since United States imports total of 90.4%, while processing trade imports volume in the 100% through “bonded warehouse” of way into ; 5 out of Germany by way of processing trade imports 506 tons of polysilicon, Germany imports total 13.8%, and “bonded warehousing goods” accounted for Germany 88% of the processing trade. “Bonded warehouse” has become to avoid “double reverse” another effective way of tax, to be given enough attention.

Country-specific statistics are as follows:

Korea:

May 2016 from the Korea import polysilicon 4875 tons per cent increase 26.3% imports price slightly rose to 15.72 USD/kg, rose to 8.7%.

2016 1 May from Korea cumulative imported polysilicon 28528 tons, an increase of 48.6% total import price dropped to $ 13.94 per kg, down 23.6%.

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Polysilicon imports maintained million tons of imports from South Korea continued high

United States:

May 2016 from United States imports of 383 tons of polysilicon, the chain increased substantially by 28.5 times times May import price increased sharply to 33.91 dollars/kg per cent from 21.7% per cent.

2016 1 May from the United States today imports of 2243 tons of polysilicon, down 74.2% total imports averaged US $ 40.15/kg, up 119.6%.

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Polysilicon imports maintained million tons of imports from South Korea continued high

Germany:

May 2016 from Germany import polysilicon 2127 tons, increased 0.9% per cent May import price slightly rose to 15.86 dollars/kg per cent from 0.9% per cent.

2016 1 May from Germany total import polysilicon 14065 tons, down 2.4% total import price of $ 15.27 per kg, down 29.9%.

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Polysilicon imports maintained million tons of imports from South Korea continued high

According to customs statistics, in May 2016, China export 741 tons polysilicon, chain 45%, 1-May total exports 4925 tons, an increase of 92.4%.

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Polysilicon imports maintained million tons of imports from South Korea continued high

Original title: polysilicon imports maintained million tons of imports from South Korea continued high

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The world s largest solar powered aircraft flying over the Atlantic map

Polaris solar PV net news: the world’s largest solar-powered aircraft “shinin” 2nd to 23rd in Spain ended the 15th leg of its world tour. In this leg, “shinin” 2nd lasted for three days and three nights, accomplish purely driven by solar power, for the first time in the history of “zero emission” feat of flying across the Atlantic.

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The world's largest solar-powered aircraft flying over the Atlantic (map)

On June 23, the solar-powered aircraft “shinin” 2nd pilot Bertrand ˙ Picard landed in Spain Seville airport take self-portraits.

“Shinin” 2nd team published on the day said from the United States after New York, “shinin” 2nd after 71 hours and 8 minutes long flight, 23rd at 7:38 A.M. local time (Beijing time on 23rd 13:38) flew to Spain in Seville. Flight mileage 6765 kilometers, highest altitude 8534 m, an average flight speed of 95.1 km per hour.

Said the 20 ‘s of the last century, United States Aviator Charles ˙ feat Lindbergh across the Atlantic Ocean for the first time, lays the Foundation for commercial airline flights now “shinin” 2nd implementation does not use any fuel across the Atlantic, opens the way for a clean energy future.

Last July, “shinin” 2nd flight around after 118 hours of uninterrupted flight, completed from Japan in Nagoya to United States Hawaii 8200 kilometers across the ocean journey. As of now, “shinin” 2nd completed all 15 of the 17 stations around the site, universal journey into the closing stages. In the lower leg, which took off from Seville, across the Eastern Mediterranean arrived in the Middle East, and is expected to return to their places of origin in the summer U.A.E. capital of Abu Dhabi.

Original title: world’s largest solar-powered aircraft flying over the Atlantic Ocean

Shandong provincial development and Reform Commission on notifications of accelerating

Polaris solar PV net news: the municipal development and Reform Commission, the leading Group Office of poverty alleviation and development, agricultural development Bank of China branch in the city, Shandong province, State grid electric power company:

For implement implementation national on implementation PV power poverty work of views (sent modified energy (2016) No. 621,), and on issued PV poverty implementation programme prepared outline of notification (country can fully new can (2016) No. 280,) and Shandong province PV poverty implementation programme (LU poverty group sent (2016) 3rd,), file spirit, speed up promoted I province PV poverty engineering organization implementation, now will about matters notification following:

Significance of ATD, fully realize PV

Photovoltaic power generation with clean, reliable technology, income is relatively stable, and other advantages. In my province, building a better photovoltaic projects for poverty alleviation in poor areas, accurate, precise way out of poverty for poverty alleviation is both innovative and effective ways, is also a benefit of poor villages and poor masses, ensure long-term stability benefit people’s livelihood projects; both central and provincial government poverty alleviation crucial strategic intent, and green clean low-carbon development strategy in line with the national trend. Regions according to the unified deployment of the provincial party Committee and Government, important measures for poverty alleviation of poverty reduction project as photovoltaic industry, further increase efforts, to win the province’s three-year poverty battle added a new impetus. To actively integrate special poverty alleviation fund (Fund), the social support fund, bank loans and a variety of agriculture-related funds, coordinated land, grid access and infrastructure conditions, accelerated PV project implementation.

Second, scientific, PV, the poor three-year action plan

According to provincial, and provincial Government three years poverty storming of General deployment, by the city development reform sector led, with poverty, and grid, about sector, according to local province in determine of built document state card poverty population number and the distribution, and PV construction conditions, and grid access and the elimination na, status, in full research, and widely sought views of based Shang, science developed this city PV poverty three years action plans (2016-2018), clear city PV poverty work target task, and construction scale, and construction type, and construction conditions, and sources , Effects, safeguard measures, and so on. Making PV poor three-year action plan to seek truth from facts, be projects and poverty alleviation, and precise docking operation clear, money, land, construction of grid access conditions of implementation. To subdivide the overall mission objectives and break down into each year, each County (city, district) and specific projects, enhance the relevance and operability. Province, PV, will be based on the three-year plan of action for poverty alleviation, prepared PV poor planning in the province, as a guide the construction of photovoltaic PV projects for poverty alleviation, arrangements in the province scale, as well as an important basis for promoting the upgrading of rural power network. Action plan outline and schedule see annex, July 5 before this city’s three-year action plan for official documents and the electronic version of the report the provincial development and Reform Commission, the provincial leading Group Office of poverty alleviation and development.

Three, to expedite the preparation of key County PV poverty reduction programme

According to the country’s comprehensive new energy (2016) No. 280, document requirements, preferred poverty task heavier, enthusiasm is high and superior construction conditions in key counties, in counties speed up the Organization preparing the PV implementation for poverty alleviation programme (preparation of the outline and the relevant forms in annex 3). The County to and Manpower consider province in determine of built document state card poor geographical distribution, and location land using and grid access conditions, factors, adjusting measures to local conditions take roof distributed PV, and village level small PV power station and concentrated type PV power station, construction type; into PV poverty implementation programme of project to implementation funds financing, and land, and grid access, capital conditions, has related sector of support sex file, ensure project timely landing. To adhere to precise, accurate poverty for poverty alleviation, Shandong province by local poverty reduction departments under the PV implementation for poverty alleviation programme on the implementation of the object-related requirements, the principle to determine PV object for poverty alleviation, project benefits into concrete, in poor villages, and the poor, annual yield in principle more than 3000 Yuan per household. Take the Government’s investment and financing construction of photovoltaic projects in cooperation with commercial enterprises, and to rationally determine the main financing and commercial enterprises funded ratio, government investment and financing the main equity benefits and manpower for precision for poverty alleviation. Preparation of the PV implementation for poverty alleviation programmes, will be reported to the National Energy Board in the province seeking construction scale and an important basis for policy support.

Four, increase the intensity of support for photovoltaic projects for poverty alleviation

(A) the priorities scale of photovoltaic power station building for poverty alleviation

Poverty is a major political task. In order to ensure the successful completion of provincial government gives 1000 Pro-poor focus, 100,000 poor PV poverty alleviation task this year and next, PV power station construction scale of priority for poverty alleviation work in our province. Province will be in accordance with the requirements of the National Energy Board, based on work progress, batches will be prepared in County Organization of the PV implementation for poverty alleviation programmes reported to the State, approved countries will be issued by the special construction scale of the photovoltaic power generation for poverty alleviation. Not yet included encouraging State of PV power plant construction has been built or started construction projects unit, active docking to negotiate with local governments, PV into the relevant cities and counties three-year action plan and the implementation of programmes for poverty alleviation, effective economic and social benefits of the project.

(B) increase financial policy support

According to the change-energy (2016), No. 621, spirit, active docking after negotiation, Shandong province, China Development Bank branch, Shandong provincial branch of the agricultural development Bank of China province PV project to provide preferential loans for poverty alleviation, lending rates are based on the funding cost in the Bank lending interest rate based on a moderate fall in the same period. Encourage other banks and social security, insurance and all kinds of Fund money on the premise of a reasonable return for low-cost financing for PV projects.

(C) to give priority to accelerate supporting network construction and operation services

Power companies will increase its rural power grid upgrading in poor areas, for photovoltaic grid-connected network of poverty alleviation projects and provides technical support, village-level solar net work to the priority for poverty alleviation in rural power grid upgrading project. Centralized PV power plant project, its network into the green channel should be handled to ensure that distribution network projects completed and put into operation simultaneously with the photovoltaic project. Regardless of village PV power plant (including home), centralized PV power station, power companies were responsible for the network and supporting the network of investment and construction work. To develop a reasonable grid-connected photovoltaic project power to dissolve and run programmes to ensure priority access and full purchase.

(D) effective protection of photovoltaic projects for poverty alleviation funds

In accordance with national requirements, PV projects of priority national renewable energy information management system and the list of additional national renewable electricity price subsidies, giving priority to ensure that PV projects on time and in full settlement for electricity and receiving a State subsidy funds.

Five, to strengthen organization and coordination

Further establish and improve the provincial, city and County of implementation mechanisms, so clear a clear division of labour, responsibilities, tasks to the people, accountability, promoting photovoltaic projects for poverty alleviation. City and County Government to be set up chaired by the principal responsible comrades of the PV coordination leading group for poverty alleviation, members mainly include development, poverty alleviation, financial, planning, environmental protection, land and resources, forestry and other sectors, as well as power companies and financial institutions, coordinate and solve PV anti-poverty projects in the implementation of major policies and issues. PV Shandong province, relevant departments in accordance with the poverty reduction programme for the implementation of clear division of responsibilities, strengthening vertical and horizontal convergence of communication, close coordination and cooperation, PV works smoothly providing strong organizational guarantee for poverty alleviation.

Contact: Sun Ning 0531-86191938, provincial development and Reform Commission 86191953

Tao Wang of the provincial poverty alleviation Office 0531-51776451

State Bank branch, Shandong province, Song Wei 0531-81928122

Agricultural Development Bank branch, Shandong province, Zhang 0531-85189606

Annex: PV, 1.__ three-year action plan for poverty alleviation (2016-2018) development outline

PV, 2.__ three-year action plan for poverty alleviation (2016-2018) project summary

PV implementation for poverty alleviation programming 3.__ County outline

PV pro-poor implementation plan outline table of 4.__ County 1-4

Original title: Shandong provincial development and Reform Commission on notifications of accelerating PV poverty alleviation work in Shandong province

Chongqing Road and bridge across the PV setback Changshun sunheat out is

Polaris solar PV net news: known as the “first unit of Chongqing” Chongqing Road and bridge in cross-border restructuring of new energy path is not smooth.

On June 23, 10 days of suspension bridge in Chongqing to resume trading, released the same day on the proposed restructuring of the major asset restructuring progress Bulletin of deal is bad news that the share price plummet. Chongqing Road and bridge in the above said in a statement, Chongqing, the company will no longer belong to the Jiangsu Guoxin Changshun collection new energy limited (hereinafter referred to as Shun) 100% equity into the areas of major asset restructuring of the underlying assets. That means Chongqing Road and bridge plans to enter the full PV industry from temporary setbacks.

Reporters found that compared to the original scheme and had thrown, the latest programme carried out a large-scale downsizing, the reorganization of the trade on the issue of price, quantity and amount of financing, such as matching elements to be changed.

In the new scenario, in addition to the continued retention of the acquisition of the second largest shareholder, controlling shareholder of Chongqing trust’s controlling shareholder holding stake in Yu-Fu high speed 37% significant matters, for acquisition of Chang Shun equity 100% PV asset plan have been adjusted. Because of this change, supporting fundraising is also removed, overall transaction volume substantially reduced from previous 6.358 billion yuan to 1.991 billion yuan, declined to 68.68%, trading is fully paid in shares, released from 9.10 yuan per share dropped to 6.56 Yuan/share.

The reporter learns, Shun Xin he “want out” full of frustration.

On June 13, the Chongqing bridge suddenly announced the suspension. Its night released of announcement on suspension give has description, as the company major assets restructuring trading intends acquisition standard of assets one of, Changshun letter collection subordinates part PV power station project exists “variables”–its by involved of power business license, and planning license, and construction license, standard of assets essential of important business qualification and procedures file still failed to completely made, and the part business qualification file and approval procedures belongs to related legal regulations provides of major assets restructuring standard of assets should has of Qian reset conditions, Nearly the equivalent of a PV power plant “legal status” certificate. And wish to buy power plants in subsequent operations by the local Internet to dissolve, and power delivery and other factors greatly influenced bridge in Chongqing on a careful assessment of relevant compliance documents timing and certainty before drawing consultation with the counterparty corresponding adjustments to this major asset restructuring programme, are expected to constitute important adjustment programmes.

Public data shows that Shun Xin he industry for PV power plant operations. 9 adopted by it wholly-or majority-owned subsidiaries hold a 9-seater ground centralized PV power plant, total installed capacity of 180MW. Among them, 7 in the Xinjiang, 1 Tin, 1 is located in Hebei, has been completed and grid-connected power generation. In 2013, 2014 and 2015 years ago in November, reported revenue of 21.62 million, 154 million and 174 million Yuan respectively, 10.93 million Yuan respectively, 20.07 million Yuan and net profits of 24.6 million Yuan. As of November 30, 2015, Changshun 100% equity book value of 1.156 billion yuan of net assets, valued at 1.199 billion yuan, the multiplier 3.74%.

Chongqing Road and bridge the reorganization had started as early as half a year ago. According to the company December 2015 end of released of announcement said, intends to issued shares and the paid cash way acquisition Yu Fu high-speed 37% equity, intends to issued shares way acquisition country letter holding full funding subsidiary future investment holds of Changshun letter collection 100% equity, two pen assets pre valuation total about 3.198 billion yuan; while, intends to future investment, and country letter assets, 7 name investors supporting raised funding not over 3.16 billion yuan, for paid acquisition Yu Fu high-speed equity of cash on price, and Reimbursement of Changshun subsidiaries bank borrowings financial institutions and companies themselves.

Chongqing bridge’s reorganization might also be in new trouble. Securities and Futures Commission has just issued a moratorium on mergers of listed companies to raise funds to supplement liquidity, debt-servicing and other matters. After the securities daily said, changes in regulatory policy, secret Zhang Man Tung bridge in Chongqing said the company will also make adjustments to the restructuring plan, financing many of the listed companies, it would not have much impact on the company. However, the interface news deadline has not yet been Zhang Man before my comment reply.

Public data show that the first quarter of this year, Chongqing Road and bridge debt to asset ratio is 53.6%, long-term borrowings of approximately 2.275 billion yuan.

Has been a toll road and bridge of Chongqing industry, revenues from the jialing River 牛角沱 bridge, shibanpo Yangtze River Bridge and jialing River of shimen bridge and changshou Lake tourist special Highway (“three bridges”). After negotiations, the end of 2014, bridge transferred to Chongqing City investment group in Chongqing jialing River 牛角沱 bridge, 12.91 million yuan in compensation. Along with the Chongqing shibanpo Yangtze River Bridge toll right will expire in 2016 and 2021 in jialing River of shimen bridge toll right will expire at the end of, increased asset reserves, find new profit point road bridge, Chongqing’s most urgent task.

Southwest securities reported that Chongqing Road and Bridge Road and bridge assets cash flow on which there is the pressure of a shrinking, in desperate need of asset injection, Chongqing Road and bridge for acquisition-related road and bridge assets desire more urgent, Yu-Fu high speed is working in the company “appetite” of assets. On the interface information, acquired 37% shares of Yu-Fu high speed, can remove the bridge in Chongqing and competition between the holdings of controlling shareholders, but also to expand the scope of the assets included in the consolidated financial statements the size gains.

Worth noting is that PV Chongqing Road and bridge across the Territories despite setbacks, but its actual control Department of Chongqing for cross-border restructuring under the influence of a new determination of the energy seems to be great.

On October 28, 2015, the Chongqing bridge announced that will contribute 300 million yuan in cash in Songjiang district of Shanghai to set up wholly owned flagship new energy platform. Three weeks later, which formally established platform begins with a rocket-like speed of operation.

According to PR Newswire reported that Chongqing Road and bridge and smooth clean energy has signed a strategic cooperation agreement, will co-operate closely in the fields of clean energy, to build photovoltaic upper, middle and downstream industry chain, enhance their overall operational efficiency, create win-win strategic partnership for sustainable development.

Clean energy with the wind is the largest independent private suppliers of large terrestrial photovoltaic power generation, once known for its m Suntech trade.

Industry analysts pointed out that by directly or indirectly holding a lot of mature PV power station, roads and bridges in the photovoltaic industry in Chongqing’s dream. Not only is it fast into the PV industry chain as a whole, preferred to buy a certain amount of PV power plant project, but wants to improve in the short term its global influence in the new energy landscape.

Original title: asset restructuring shrunken near 70% bridge in Chongqing to enter solar plans