Bertrand s solar energy to fly the journey to sustainability journey has just

Polaris solar PV net news: maybe it was the dream of many people.

However, if the aircraft to fly in a circle around the Earth, perhaps it is a challenge. Let alone, and not let you use a drop of gasoline, not as fanciful as it may sound?

Just so, first people, bet on more than 10 years of my life, finally finished this “mission impossible”.

Today, as we meet, legendary adventurer Bertrand ˙ Picard (Bertrand Piccard) and his plan for solar energy to fly.


Bertrand's solar energy to fly: the journey to sustainability journey has just begun (photos)

• Bertrand ˙ Picard

From hot air balloons to solar-powered aircraft

Bertrand ˙ Picard, born in Switzerland, a family of explorers, his grandfather Auguste ˙ Picard took ascend above the stratosphere in a balloon, and his father, Jacques ˙ Picard (Jacques Piccard) took the submarine dive to the depths of the Earth-the Mariana Trench “Challenger deep”.

• Grandfather Auguste ˙ Picard


Bertrand's solar energy to fly: the journey to sustainability journey has just begun (photos)

• Father, Jacques ˙ Picard

Bertrand after being a family, nature is also delivered. In 1999, he launched a human without landing in the middle of a hot air balloon to fly for the first time, after 19 days, 21 hours and 55 minutes later, finally completed the feat. The ground, carried by balloons left less than 40 kilograms 3.7 tons of propane, a minor mistake his challenge would fail.

This deeply aware of Bertrand, human beings must reduce dependence on fossil fuels and switch to more advanced energy technologies.


Bertrand's solar energy to fly: the journey to sustainability journey has just begun (photos)

• Hot air balloon flight

Solar energy called the cleanest source of energy in the world, and to prove to the world that Bertrand, solar energy can replace fossil fuels! His mind began to emerge with a plan:

Used solar completed flight!

In 2003, Bertrand Switzerland Lausanne Federal Polytechnic Institute, “solar-powered aircraft to fly” to conduct a feasibility study of the project, where he meets like-minded partners – Andrey ˙ Mr Borschberg (André Borschberg), not only is he an engineer, also was a fighter pilot, refers to two people meet, Andre said:

At that moment, I knew that my dream has come true, I can finally put my entrepreneurial experience, combining the love of flight and the innovation of science and technology!


Bertrand's solar energy to fly: the journey to sustainability journey has just begun (photos)

• Bertrand and Andre

Two like-minded explorers project named “sunshine power (SolarImpulse)”, the following more than 10 years, they’ve been hard to realize the dream:

The end of 2003, they released the details of the project

In 2006, their first analog long distance flight

In 2009, the “Sun power 1th” released the plane and flight test

In 2011, the “Sun power 2nd” started developing

2014 “shinin 2nd” first flight

……


Bertrand's solar energy to fly: the journey to sustainability journey has just begun (photos)

▲ Installed for aircraft propeller

By the year 2015, the “shinin” fundraising total as much as $170 million of the project, partners, more than 60 companies, founder of two projects did not take a penny pay! Sun power has never been a profit-making institution, as Bertrand stated in our mission statement:

We hope that “shinin” can contribute to the world of renewable energy development, and make people aware of the role of clean-energy technology for sustainable development. We need to mobilize everyone’s enthusiasm, reduce dependence on fossil fuels, increase confidence in the new energy.

On March 9, 2015, bearing the founders of faith, “Sun power 2nd” world tour opened a solar-powered aircraft.


Bertrand's solar energy to fly: the journey to sustainability journey has just begun (photos)

“Outsider” created space miracle

In order to complete the flight around great goals, “Sun power 2nd” uses a lot of bold design.

This is the world’s first sustainable solar aircraft flying day and night, their wingspans up to 71.9 m, slightly smaller than the current largest airliner Airbus A380. To know the A380 Jumbo giant weighing 500 tons, “Sun power 2nd” enough to make aircraft lighter, body uses a lot of carbon-fiber composites, eventually the whole weighing only 2.3 tons.


Bertrand's solar energy to fly: the journey to sustainability journey has just begun (photos)

▲ The Sun power, 2nd light weight material

Energy supply is key part of Sun power, 2nd design. Whole plane loaded 17248 total solar panels, photovoltaic conversion rates up to 22%, beyond the power of the engine, in addition to, and 633 kilograms of lithium-ion batteries, to fly at night.


Bertrand's solar energy to fly: the journey to sustainability journey has just begun (photos)

• High-performance solar panels

Sun power, 2nd by Bertrand and Andrea took turns driving, laksa is afterall to solve. They took off from the Arab Emirate of Abu Dhabi through India, Burma, China, Japan, and Japan across the Pacific to fly to United States, from the United States over Europe, Africa, and eventually returned to Arabia.

After 23.25 days (about 558 hours) across 42438 km, the longest one of which flew up to 117 hours, set a new record for human flight!

Funny thing is, this is sufficient to write into the wonders of space history, without any participation of an airline, in their view, making such aircraft is impossible!

Because no airlines found support, and Andre Bertrand had to seek help from all walks:

Chemical group Solvay is responsible for manufacturing the engine

Watch brands Omega provides intelligent electric power dispatching system

Tech companies Google Pack project promotion

……

Perhaps no one could have predicted that the end of this magnificent space project has been completed, turned out to be a group of “outsiders”!


Bertrand's solar energy to fly: the journey to sustainability journey has just begun (photos)

• Staff involved in the Sun power project

The next step in Solar Impulse will develop with the function of unmanned solar-powered aircraft, some of the features which can replace the satellite, is an ambitious project.

Explorers and Andre Bertrand took more than 10 years time, successfully proved that traditional sources of energy can do wonders, and also enables new energy, and cleaner, more environmentally friendly and more commercial value–as UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says:

Your journey may be coming to an end, but the journey has only just begun to sustainable development, you are inviting us to fly into the future!

Original title: he is not a single drop of gasoline, but the plane around the world!

MIP and two solar companies to exit the European Union agreements

Polaris solar PV net news: set between the EU and China solar products price limits (Minimum Import Price,MIP) protocols are expected to be terminated in March 2017, but Chinese manufacturers withdraw from the agreement. As Chinese manufacturers still maintain MIP Protocol left the system almost useless.

Manufacturers in China, Jiangsu sailafu (Seraphim), Ningbo Hua Shun, such as solar two companies announced its withdrawal from the Central MIP protocol list, was Trina, ja, Crystal branch, photovoltaic, longi, Suntech and other well-known companies and solar plant since quit. The EU previously has started rejecting solar, renesola, et solar, Ouda, Ningbo, Ningbo kai, a total of nearly 20 companies, actually not many manufacturers have continued to maintain a MIP Protocol.

PVMagazine reported sailafu huashun solar energy was found to have destroyed suspected MIP Protocol, so exit the MIP Protocol, but were driven out or active exit, the current message is not clear. Exit MIP Protocol manufacturers, solar panels imported from China to Europe in the future, paying high double tax; but as the market demand in Europe weakened, Chinese manufacturers in the third estate gradually in place, international trade barriers also reduce the effect.

Central MIP agreement in August 2013 and the Central solar double reverse and launched, originally completed in December 2015, but because EUProSun complaints in 2015, Chinese manufacturers have violated the agreement, thus making MIP Protocol deferred to March 2017, and the EU launched anti-fraud, anti-circumvention investigation, and even spread to Taiwan and Malaysia manufacturers.

Formerly known as the European Organization for the solar energy industry association EPIA European solar Solar Power in July this year, the Europe Union book, called on the EU to suspend trade barriers on Chinese solar products. Solar Power Europe believes that Central MIP does not help the European solar industry in three years, but it probably caused more related jobs disappear.

Original title: manufacturers withdraw from the EU, China and MIP, price restrictions exist

India will launch a 1GW solar roof by the end of bid

Polaris solar PV net news: India Government to accelerate the growth of rooftop solar installations for your project, planned by India solar energy organizations (Solar Energy Corporation of India,SECI) in December this year the scale up to 1GW of rooftop solar power project bidding.


India will launch a 1GW solar roof by the end of bid

(Photo source: Wikimedia Commons)

India Government to pursue solar power, target by 2022 to 100GW installed capacity, roof system includes 40GW. However, India’s rooftop solar installations currently has only about 1GW, has been behind schedule; contrast, target of 60GW large power station, will present progress reached by the more chance.

To this end, the India Government has appointed by SECI 500MW of solar roofs in the November bid, were mark 432.7MW, the average price for every kWh3 India rupees (about US $0.04).

December’s upcoming bidding 1GW solar roofs programme, is expected to be around 10th formal proclamation. Sanjay Sharma told the media that the General Manager of the SECI, and India all suitable for the installation of solar energy systems have been found in government buildings, SECI is to evaluate the actual installed size, take this set price. The bidding is expected to match more preferential scheme to encourage developers ahead.

Original title: India will launch a 1GW solar roof by the end of bid

Polaris solar PV NET week news highlights 12 5 12 9

Polaris solar PV net news: policy review

1. progress in 2016-37 solar power project construction in Guangxi (table)

In accordance with the National Energy Board issued 2016 issued the notice on PV implementation programmes ([new 2016]166), PV power plant project in our region will now progress to the public.

For more details

2. second and third photovoltaic power generation project in Haiyan County, Zhejiang investors financial assistance fund allocation table

Haiyan County, according to the County Department of finance the enterprise financial management of funds (salt Fortune enterprises (2016), 1th) stipulates that the allocation of second and third photovoltaic projects financial assistance fund. Among them, the second batch of PV power projects invested 4.1755 million yuan of financial assistance, 12 companies that have meet the grant criteria; financial assistance fund in the third instalment of 5.8297 million Yuan, a total of 17 companies that have meet the grant criteria.

For more details

3. Guangdong Dongguan allocated second (first to second) distributed PV project special purpose grants fund

By the electricity sector, the municipal development and reform Bureau of statistics, finance, audit, review and determine the second (first to second) distributed PV project special purpose grants fund a total of 685801.23 Yuan (see the appendix), will now grant funds available to you.

For more details

4. paid the third instalment, Dongguan, Guangdong (phase I) of distributed PV special purpose grants funds

By the electricity sector, the municipal development and reform Bureau of statistics, finance, audit, review and determine the third batch (phase I) of distributed PV project special purpose grants fund a total of 2189080.7 Yuan (see the appendix), will now grant funds available to you.

For more details

5. the qingyang County, Anhui photovoltaic poverty alleviation programme

By 2020, the county building photovoltaic power station 18,321-kilowatt, achieve benefit poor families in 20-25 an average annual increase of around 3000 Yuan, benefiting poor village collective average annual increase of around 60,000 yuan.

For more details

Market review

1. electricity prices cut its 2017 new round of PV installing the tide?

The Chinese Government is on target, decreased PV on-grid prices. Recently the industry spread out 2017 PV benchmark price adjustment file, due to cut than expected, causing greater volatility in the industry.

For more details

2. the excess capacity of the photovoltaic industry: how to recognize? How to resolve?

Overcapacity has become a prominent contradiction in the economic operation. Photovoltaic industry has over the years been plagued by overcapacity, severely affecting and restricting the healthy development of the industry. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze, correct understanding and effective response to the problem of excess PV industry, to promote the healthy and orderly development of PV industry in China.

For more details

3. She had a “double reverse” PV industry how to respond?

In recent years, China photovoltaic products suffered consecutive United States and the European Union, Canada, and India in key export markets such as the “double reverse” investigation (from one or several countries or regions refer to the same product, both anti-dumping and countervailing duty investigation).

For more details

4. Administration of East China PV poor engineering quality inspection

Enterprise version

1. in addition to Apple, Google, Amazon, Microsoft is doing everything possible to layout of new energy

In view of human production activities have adverse impact on the Earth, the transition from fossil fuels to clean energy is an inevitable trend. In this connection, look in the eyes of many technology companies, their strategy to a new energy sector. In addition to brush Apple today in cooperation with China, and layout, do you know what big companies broke into the hot field?

For more details

Winter 2.SunPower industry layoffs 25%

For weathering the current economic winter, United States solar plant SunPowerCorp.7 day announced the layoffs of 25% (the equivalent of 2,500 people), and close the 700MW solar plant. SunPower also announced the following measures: 2017 capital expenditure budget cuts more than 50% to about $100 million, 2017 cuts operating costs to below $350 million, and by the end of 2017 will recognize organizations about 2.25-$ 275 million restructuring charge.

For more details

3. avoid cut-off Korean enterprises losing money sell polycrystalline silicon

South Korea poly Korean enterprises headed by OCI, in the city, imposing anti-dumping tax, imports have increased rather than decreased, suspected to sell at below-cost price to the city, avoiding loss of production, has hit the city, the local market.

For more details

4. the MIP and two solar companies to exit the European Union agreements

Manufacturers in China, Jiangsu sailafu (Seraphim), Ningbo Hua Shun, such as solar two companies announced its withdrawal from the Central MIP protocol list, was Trina, ja, Crystal branch, photovoltaic, longi, Suntech and other well-known companies and solar plant since quit.

For more details

5. Google’s announced schedule: 2017 will rely entirely on renewables operations

According to technology site VentureBeat reported, Google said that by 2017 it will depend entirely on renewables operations-including its data centers and offices.

For more details

International articles

1. Japan announce PV competition design, FIT and price schedule

Japan economy, trade and industry (METI) on December 5, 2016-fifth renewable wholesale purchase (buy at a fixed price, FIT) pricing Committee. Consider solar energy system cost reduction trend will bid for 2017 and 2018 solar size in addition to schemes, FIT is also lowered year by year, and promote cost reduction schedule.

For more details

2. United States residents of rooftop PV 44% by “third parties”

In the United States totals 12.3GW distributed PV installed capacity, of which 30% (3.7GW) are represented by “third parties” (thirdparty). The breakdown for third parties in rooftop PV’s higher proportion of households, to 44%; and the proportion of third parties in commercial rooftop PV is only 11%.

For more details

3. Poland will hold its first solar project in late December auction

Poland will hold its auction of solar power for the first time at the end of December, open bidding process, to Poland to provide 400 megawatts of solar generating capacity.

For more details

United States residents of rooftop PV 44 by third parties

Polaris solar PV net news: end of September 2016, United States distributed photovoltaic (rooftop PV, of less than 1 MW) installed capacity has reached 12.3GW. From the rooftop PV “property rights” perspective, the United States rooftop PV has three types: live (business) to raise funds to install; installation of electric power enterprises; third parties (thirdparty).

These third parties are generally private developers, rental property owners of roof-mounted PV power generation and provide electricity to household income. In the United States totals 12.3GW distributed PV installed capacity, of which 30% (3.7GW) are represented by “third parties” (thirdparty). The breakdown for third parties in rooftop PV’s higher proportion of households, to 44%; and the proportion of third parties in commercial rooftop PV is only 11%.


United States residents of rooftop PV 44% by

Original title: did you make?
United States residents of rooftop PV 44% by “third parties”!

Japan announced its photovoltaic bid package and FIT the price schedule

Polaris solar PV net news: Japan economy, trade and industry (METI) on December 5, 2016-fifth renewable wholesale purchase (buy at a fixed price, FIT) pricing Committee. Consider solar energy system cost reduction trend will bid for 2017 and 2018 solar size in addition to schemes, FIT is also lowered year by year, and promote cost reduction schedule.


Japan announced its photovoltaic bid package and FIT the price schedule

Solar energy bid: 1.5GW three-phase implementation

In the second October 24 this year in the wholesale purchase price of renewable energy Committee, METI proposed solar power project bidding system for the first time, and plan later in 2017 and 2018, respectively, in the second half holding solar bid activity on, a total of three times. On December 5, the fifth meeting of the plan, each the size of bids for 500MW, 1.5GW.

METI said in the second Review Committee, bid threshold is set at 2MW is mainly due to: higher-scale solar project to be merged into more than 7000V ultra high voltage cables. At the fifth meeting, the METI further noted that the 2MW solar project of prices over the past few years had no significant cost reductions, and hopes that, through a competitive bidding system to boost prices.

According to METI statistics, Japan in fiscal 2013 2MW system fiscal year fiscal year fiscal year total 12.007GW,2014 6.318GW,2015 1.361GW,2016 (statistics to first quarter) currently only 0.544GW, and is expected to only have about 1GW. Based on this trend, METI will bid for the first time the scale is set at 500MW.

According to reports in the Nikkei BP, the second to third bid size can be adjusted according to the results of the first bid.

Bidding will commence in October 2017, for the first time, specific bidding system will be published in September 2017 bid (to 0.01 yen as the base unit) will be the main target, and low bid system, with the price will be decided by drawing lots. Meanwhile, the successful bidder is required to pay a security deposit, if not completed running, forfeiture of deposit.

FIT will continue to subtract from it, residential solar energy targets after 2020 grid parity price

Basic price of the foregoing bidding system FIT to be with the same price as a benchmark, also discussed the issue in the fifth meeting of December 5. Overall, the future solar FIT would still be down year by year.

The Review Committee provides residential and two types of non-residential solar energy systems of price targets. METI plans, 2020 non-residential solar energy systems to minimize the cost of 14 Japanese Yen/kWh/2030 dropped 7 yen per kWh. Residential solar goals in 2019 to FIT reduced to common household electricity price level, as quickly as possible after 2020 grid parity prices.

► 10kW and above non-residential systems

METI statistics, 10kW and above non-residential solar system cost, 2016-estimated to be from fell to 244,000 yen charge per kW 251,000 yen, while equipment utilization rate will be increased from 14% to 15.1%. Among them, over 2MW of large systems (incorporated into high voltage power grid) of the equipment utilization rate is higher than the other scale, 16.3%; it also means over 2MW also reduced the price of the system.

10kW and above non-residential solar system 24 Japanese Yen/kWh FIT subsidies currently enjoyed, 2017 forecast will be revised down in price, the actual figures are still to be announced. 2017-FIT price will affect the October 2017 upset of the first solar power project bidding.

► 10kW residential type system

The other hand, the cost of residential solar systems under 10kW, according to a METI survey, 2016-a new median price of 352,500 yen (per kW). Meet “2019 will be FIT is reduced to a general electricity tariffs” policy objectives, METI plans yearly driving prices is expected in 2017, 2018, and 2019 respectively fell to 336,000 yen, 322,100 yen, 308,400 Yen.

Under 10kW and does not include the residential solar systems for power control equipment, 2016-31 Yen/kWh FIT subsidies; according to the above objectives, by 2019, when the subsidies are expected to be revised down to 24 yen per kWh. 2017 and 2018 respectively down step by step.

Original title: solar price competition design and FIT the price range

Crescent dunes solar thermal power station seven reasons analysis of molten

Polaris solar PV net news: world’s largest has been installed into a molten salt Crescent dunes Tower power station power plant recently took small molten salt tanks of molten salt leakage accident, leading to the power station from late October this year the removal of network outage, next January is expected to be back to normal operation. Exclude SolarReserve referred to in December as planned maintenance period, the power plant accident in November to at least a month unable to power.

In addition to the economic losses of the heat storage tank maintenance, the greater is the loss of power outage led to the loss of income from electricity sales. According to the latest data, the station in September this year, monthly output of 30514MWh, PPA contract price of the item $0.135 per kWh, according to rough estimates, caused by a month of stopping about about $4 million for loss of income from electricity sales.

From this point of view, molten salt economic losses from the spill to run power stations should not be underestimated. It is understood that salt spills in solar-thermal power generation projects especially in molten salt Tower power station more likely, commercialization of world’s first molten salt Tower power station Gemasolar plant allegedly similar incidents also occurred. So, solar thermal demonstration project either under domestic construction, how to prevent such accidents as much as possible? First of all, we need to understand what causes salt tank leakage accident.

Related topics for discussion, many enthusiasts who shared their views on the causes of the accident. According to industry feedback, a total of seven reasons is possible salt tank leakage accident, including temperature in welding process and quality control problems, tank after welding stress, stress relief heat treatment, tank of steel corrosion problems, a low proportion of non-destructive testing of welds, salt tank size is too large, and so on.

Due to the Crescent dunes power station leaked details of the developers did not release specific, the domestic industry is only from their own professional perspective and analysis on this issue, is for informational purposes only.

Welding process quality problems?

“I think the weld leak and construction is not strictly according to the temperature control of welding process the welding process. Different materials, welding temperature is not the same, and this temperature depends on the material of the tank, flux, Groove. “Bin valve fluid control Ltd company greater China Sales Manager Yu Xiaohua said.

In addition to welding temperature, the third Shandong electric power construction engineering company on a trade point out that may also be because of a thick plate and Groove size standards, caused by welding without penetration. In addition, may be used during automatic welding machine, no precautions.

Yantai or.en electromechanical technology services limited, Wang added, “welding problems also include welding welding before cleaning out after welding, welding gas shield not ready, strain relief didn’t do, weld flaw did not do. ”

Second, large tank internal leaks caused by stress?

Many people in the industry believe that is because inside the heat storage tank temperature cause stress concentration. Tank possible causes of stress is caused by fluctuation in temperature molten salt salt, cause stress cracks in some cracks such as under alternating hot and cold.

“Weld is the weakest parts of the tank, the stress concentration of the most vulnerable places. And tank, thermal analysis and thermal control should be set to ensure uniform heating, stress is not concentrated. “Yu Xiaohua said.

Third, the flux material corrosion-resistant enough?

Problem with the tank weld, solder materials corrosion resistance is a factor worthy of consideration. So in order to prevent similar problems, experts suggest may be appropriate to improve solder corrosion specification or added corrosion-resistant components.

But Wang believes that this statement does not apply to Crescent dune plants. Because the developer’s argument, the leak was small, if insufficient solder corrosion, it should be a large area of cracks. Therefore, from a long-term perspective, tank especially the welding position should do about pickling and passivation-surface treatment as well.

Four tanks, molten salt corrosion of steel led to spill salt?

Beijing rich technology, Tong Guang Hua pointed out that molten salt thermal expansion and contraction would cause material stress, thus breaking the steel lattice, the tank corrosion.

While the he Yuan speculation, weld leak here, was not caused by corrosion. “For big diameter melt salt tank, I personal compared worried of is big diameter high temperature poor Xia of tank body expansion problem, tank end of in based Shang sliding expansion volume larger, if structure Shang appeared local card delay, for example heater, within pieces expansion direction and tank end of expansion direction not synchronization, or distribution tube stress calculation Shi, on tank body diameter of expansion volume consider insufficient, is has may caused weld tear. (The line at the top of the molten salt tanks, piping stress may not be the cause) “

Five, eliminating residual welding stress (heat treatment) work not been done?

Yu Xiaohua believes that for such a large container, use thick plate heat treatment after welding should be done in order to eliminate stress. Also, tanks and other equipment for welding of pipelines, heat treatment after welding should be done. So speculate that spill salt is likely relevant.

BSS (Beijing) energy-saving environmental protection equipment limited company He Yuanzhi hold different views about this, he said, large storage, import/export of material, instruments, tank bottom inspection manholes, etc, will focus on the arrangement of pieces on the wall plate. Large tank wall plate is low-alloy steel plate, these pieces of siding with pipe/manhole is to stress-relief heat treatment after welding, heat treatment is carried out in factory heat treatment furnaces, often without heat treatment defects.

For low-alloy tanks, design-time will adjust the tank dimensions, making the thickness of the wall thickness is less than the required post weld heat treatment. Austenitic stainless steels do not stress-relief heat treatment after welding. And with molten-salt tank volume and condition of construction site, weld is unlikely or stabilizing treatment solution treatment on the spot.

Operating temperature of molten salt tanks of up to 560, has reached the target of reducing heat stress-relief heat treatment after welding, use naturally eliminating welding stress.

So, how far do not think eliminating residual welding stress (heat treatment) no problem.

Related news:

Crescent dunes solar-thermal power station tank salt spill temporarily suspended

Liu, tank lower the proportion of non-destructive testing of welds?

Lower proportion of non-destructive testing of welds for large storage tank is always a potential problem, if there is no 100% non-destructive testing, you may be left with hidden dangers. Sun Bao Yin Jianping, Chairman of Jiangsu province noted that one of the three reasons also include welding test not 100%, there are holes in question.

He Yuan further explained that usually requires about 10% of large tank weld inspection “, that is entirely in accordance with welding and welding procedure specification for welding, welding conditions, welding quality problems may also occur.

“From a design perspective, you can increase the proportion of non-destructive testing, t-shape weld radiography and elsewhere increase the proportion of ultrasonic testing, lower two-ring and the bottom of the tank wall penetration testing all of the weld. But if you want to increase the proportion of non-destructive testing takes a lot of money, even if the tank wall is the end of the 100% ultrasonic testing of welds. “He Yuan said.

Seven, molten salt tanks uneven Foundation settlement?

He Yuan pointed out that molten salt tanks uneven Foundation settlement is also a potential problem.

Molten Salt tanks for the end of conventional storage tank based on the surface, increased refractory castable (lightweight aggregate concrete, refractory cement) and refractory bricks. Refractory pouring material is characterized by a low intensity low thermal conductivity, high thermal conductivity.

From the angle of insulation should use low heat conductivity, compressive strength of high strength should be chosen in terms of. These two requirements for tank bottom based castable is a contradiction. Low strength refractory castable, even ASTMC401ClassV, the density is 1680kg/m ³, bottom heat intensity does not exceed 10MPa.

Common castable composition is of high alumina cement + aggregate + additives aggregates are made up of multiple particles, such as ceramic, vermiculite, perlite, fine, once the particles are not uniform, crushed in a construction, may cause small tilt of the tank wall, increasing stress of the tank wall, tearing may cause weak welds.

In addition, the industry also points out that desert cause differential settlement of Foundation, cause weld cracking.

In view of the various possible reasons leading to salt molten salt storage tank leakage, solar-thermal power projects in the country can absorb the useful experience, avoid a similar fate.

Related news:

Crescent dunes solar-thermal power station tank salt spill temporarily suspended

Original title: the Crescent dunes solar-thermal power station seven reasons analysis of molten salt leakage accident

PV financing bumpy road

Polaris solar PV net news: on November 7, the national development and Reform Commission, the National Energy Board held a news conference outside released the power development “Thirteen-Five” programme (hereinafter the plan), in which the clear goal of distributed PV. The planning requirements by 2020, solar power installed capacity reached 110GW (GW-1 billion Watt power capacity), which distributed PV 60GW above. At this point, the main distributed photovoltaic solar power generation will come to the fore.

This is the first time in 15 years after the Power Authority announce 5-year power development plan again. Last published dating back to January 1, 2001, the electricity authority (the former State economic and Trade Commission) released the power industry “XV” plan.

In January 2016, the SASAC from Shenzhen as the actual controller of local State-owned enterprises of Shenzhen energy first to achieve PV right ABS, with its most outstanding project in the eastern region in the main qualification plus temporary advantage of unlimited risk, asset securitization in the PV industry’s first step on the road.

On April 3, China PV power investment and financing Alliance was formally established, photovoltaic power generation combined with financing a new PV industry growth. At the inaugural meeting, the National Center for strategic studies and international cooperation to address climate change, China renewable energy industries Association says Li junfeng, Director of circular economy: “China’s photovoltaic industry is the most competitive industry in the world, financing Alliance was formed, in addition to the financing of innovation in power station, will also promote the reform of the institutional mechanisms of the photovoltaic industry innovation and technological progress and innovation. ”

At present, the development of the photovoltaic industry matures, PV financing needs are also showing a growing trend, further financing of PV industry and strive for better development, needs to be further investigated.

A bright future

By the end of 2015, China PV cumulative installed capacity 43.18 million-kilowatt, become the largest country in the global PV installed capacity. Among them, the PV power station 37.12 million-kilowatt, distributed PV 6.06 million-kilowatt, when annual output of 39.2 billion-kilowatt.

“The national annual utilization hours at 1133 hours on average, is more serious in some areas in the Northwest of abandoned light phenomena, Gansu province, the annual average utilization hours of 1061 hours, abandon rates 31%; Xinjiang Autonomous Region average annual utilization hours of 1042 hours, abandon rates up to 26%. “The Institute Zhou Binhong Price Waterhouse researcher in an interview with reporters, China’s current status of photovoltaic devices and electricity generation, and trends.

He further explained to the reporter, on June 3, 2016, the National Energy Board issued the notice about ordered 2016 PV implementation programmes, which called in 2016, new construction scale for PV power station 18.1 million-kilowatt, which common PV 12.6 million-kilowatt, PV leads the technology base scale 5.5 million-kilowatt, in addition to additional 8 PV leads the technology base.

Zhou Binhong said: “in the ‘ Thirteen-Five ‘ in the main objectives of development of the power industry, 2020 PV power installed capacity reaching more than 110 million kilowatts, which distributed more than 60 million-kilowatt PV and solar thermal power 5 million-kilowatt. In accordance with the principle of priority of the stock, relying on power delivery channel, in an orderly fashion ‘ North ‘ renewable energy across the province to dissolve 40 million-kilowatt. ”

June-in-law firm partner Li Deting lawyer, in an interview with reporters, said: “the short construction period of PV projects and would need about six months to complete. Now the photovoltaic industry is developing rapidly, but photovoltaic industry relies on subsidies subsidies, subsidies account for the entire price of one-third. ”

Financing difficulty

“As the money demand, demand long cycle, so the PV industry is facing a problem of difficulties in financing, in particular distributed PV power generation projects. “Now financing status of PV industry, Zhou Binhong said in an interview. Although PV companies have many kinds of financing methods, but, by policy banks and commercial banks in loans and other financing continues to be difficult, is also a factor, contributed to the combination of PV industry and finance leases.

From the perspective of finance leasing companies, in the current financial industry faces “asset shortage” background, the PV power plant because of its long-term and stable cash flow and become a good assets and large photovoltaic power plant investment, long capital recovery period also corresponds to financing and leasing the equipment.

“PV industry financing difficulty problems do exist. On China’s banking system, still more attention to security, for specific projects earnings measure is secondary. PV Returns, there is a certain degree of uncertainty. Although PV subsidies accounted for one-third, but there are still lags a subsidy issue. Perhaps in the operations of a project after a year or two, will get State subsidies. This may have a large impact on the company’s operations. “Li Deting lawyers also told reporters.

Li Deting further explained: “on security issues, from the photovoltaic plant itself, Bank compliance, and commercial mortgages to consider, couldn’t guarantee the program’s operation. ”

Li Deting said the photovoltaic industry is not like any other industry has fixed assets, banks will be more valued physical assets, like housing, mortgage, which is the traditional banking business model. PV power station in addition to the partial pressure and pressure regulating stations, and no large pieces of real estate as collateral.

“In addition, the PV industry a relatively short construction period, the construction schedule of the project is actually ahead of project approvals, photovoltaic power plant is completed, land clearance of the project has not been completed. “Li Deting said.

Policies to promote

Zhou Binhong believes that to solve the problem of financing of PV industry, on the one hand to consolidate domestic and foreign financial institutions, set up investment and financing and information exchange platform, on the need to promote PV industry business models and financing mode’s innovation and upgrading docking service level and efficiency of investment and financing to promote suitable investment and financing products for photovoltaic applications. In addition, should regulate investment and financing recommendations and simplify the docking procedure, Member of the Union for the coordination and projects seeking investment and financing opportunities.

Li Deting counsel were of the view that in terms of traditional bank financing, the Bank’s loans are changing, but there will not be big changes in a short time. If the bank credits from the project, the company’s circumstances, changes to project revenues, the financing of PV industry will probably change.

“Solar products can also carry out other forms of financing, such as asset securitization. May now trust in the PV field, relatively little, but financing costs will be relatively high. If universal asset securitisation will lower the cost of financing requirements. “Li Deting recommendations.

At present, two different subsidies for PV power plant in China. For centralized solar power, policy requiring grid companies can be higher than the benchmark price of photovoltaic power station coal benchmark price in the local part of the application for renewable energy subsidies; for distributed PV power station, the whole power subsidy policy in China, power companies can apply for the renewable energy development fund, paid by utilities turn power enterprise.

Zhou Binhong further stated that in August 2015, Chinese Photovoltaic Industry Association, the China renewable energy industries Association of circular economy Committee, the China renewable energy society jointly submitted three policy documents relating to promoting the development of the photovoltaic industry. Which, on improve “Thirteen-Five” PV power target of recommends in the mentioned will “Thirteen-Five” planning PV installed target by zhiqian 100 million-kilowatt adjustment for 200 million-kilowatt; on “Thirteen-Five” during support PV industry health development of recommends stressed strengthening can renewable energy additional levy efforts, simplified subsidies issued program, maintained stable electric price level, and manpower PV base and grid channel construction planning, packaging PV grid and full acquisition, for PV power station with to take land tax offers policy; PV electricity shortage and recommendations referred to incorporate renewable energy fund “in order to” with the words “to” yield, improve renewable additional, Special Fund for the implementation of the renewable energy development.

“Now does not have detailed provisions on financing of photovoltaic, especially in Bank lending does not have special provisions for PV projects. As for the PV industry itself, is a capital-intensive industry, if countries are able to introduce more systematic and comprehensive provisions to advance and improve the PV field, financing, policies to encourage and guide the financing, should promote the development of the industry. “Li Deting lawyers finally suggested.

Original title: PV financing bumpy road

Yingli Green energy in gross profit in the third quarter fell

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, Yingli Green Energy announced the initial results of the third quarter, the company shipped 360-370MW components in the third quarter, lower than the second quarter of 2016, 622MW, 6%-7% less than expected, higher than expected gross profit margin fell to 5%-6%.

Yingli Green Energy said the company expects its gross margin in the 5%-6% and PV module sales gross margin is expected to be within the range of 6%-7%, compared to the previous 12.5%-14% expected to drop sharply. Company said the main cause of decline in gross profit margin was under the influence of seasonal inventory impairment and low unit cost of production increased equipment utilization.

Full third-quarter results will be announced on December 8.

Original title: Yingli Green energy in gross profit in the third quarter fell

2016 utility PV module prices down to 1 5 us W

Polaris solar PV net news: recently the United Kingdom IHS Markit data display, PV module prices by 2017 to make utility-scale component costs fell 38%.

IHS senior analyst at Markit solar demand Josefin Berg said in 2016, the main market of utility-scale PV component average cost will drop to $1.50/w or less.

India and China PV module and labor costs are the lowest

IHS pointed out that India and China PV module pricing there are still some significant differences, this is mainly due to the local conditions (including import duties, power requirements, and labor costs) as a result of the.

2016 issued HIS report on utility-scale solar projects cost analysis shows that India and China PV module and labor costs are lowest.

IHS forecasts 2017 utility-scale PV system cost will drop from 14% to 38%

2016 prices plummeted in the second half, HIS according to market forecasts, modules, inverters and trackers price decline likely in 2017, 14% utility-scale PV system cost per cent lower to 38%.

Installing structure and further reduce the cost of Tracker will rely mainly on the evolution of steel prices in 2017 and additional component cost declines will be mainly influenced by Chinese market impact of upcoming policy development.

PV module prices as the main market convergence, market cost differential in 2020 is expected to be narrowed.

Global component prices fall, along with increases in imports of Chinese suppliers will become a major market drop system cost drivers.

IHS said, as competition intensifies, installed in major markets and the convergence of development costs.

By 2020, due to larger projects and improve system design (for example, 1500V components), System (BoS) costs will also be reduced.

By 2020, India and China Solar costs are expected to fall to less than $0.7/w, land and power costs will be the main variables. 2020 is estimated to be $1.3/W, with India than Japan will remain the most expensive market, premium 90%. (Compiled/Tina)

Original title: 2016 utility PV module prices down to $1.5 per tile

Photovoltaic electricity prices low The electricity sector price with coal fired

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, the people who lives in meijiang district XI Yang Zhen Lin told “people’s livelihood” column reflects his new roof report into the “photovoltaic”. However on October 14, his family after the installation of solar power into the grid, selling electricity prices in the State are only 0.3966 Yuan/degree. “I remember news reports are published in 0.502 Yuan/degree. Why buy low price so much? “Zhang wanted to help advice what is the matter?


Photovoltaic electricity prices low? The electricity sector: price with coal-fired electricity price fluctuations

Villagers in the home roof-mounted photovoltaic power stations

For generating income, and revenues are too low

“I was a farmer in more than 60 years, in addition to planting nothing can increase the revenue of the project. 2014 News distributed PV power generation projects very well: in the few solar panels on their roofs, insulation, and can make money. Not only can generate electricity for personal use, excess electricity can be sold to the State, in addition, also have price subsidies. Just borrow money to gather together enough this year, more than 500,000 out ‘ photovoltaic power stations ‘ “citizen Lin who lives in Xiyang town GE Gong ling at the White House, and this year he was installed in the new building roof distributed PV power generation projects, PV project on October 14, he started into the grid to make money.

Journalists from Mr Lin came to his home 3 storey building roof, photovoltaic panels laid square above regular light transmittance. “Anything this good is the purchase price of electricity is too low. October 14-grid, until October 31, sells electricity to remove tax money only 612.22 connected acquisition turned out to be 0.3966 Yuan/degree. I Baidu online at minimum 0.45 Yuan/degrees in many provinces. “Mr Lam said he was not understood,” why here in Meizhou city purchase price will be lower than in other provinces? ”

The electricity sector: coal benchmark price, the prices in Guangdong Province, the floating

To do this, journalists contacted the electricity sector. City power supply Department Marketing Department staff told reporters that before April 20, 2015, production of domestic photovoltaic power stations in Guangdong Province, can each of 0.502 (tax) the price of Internet access, but also enjoy 0.42 Yuan/degree provided by the national development and Reform Commission (tax) benefits. January 1, 2016, the price of photovoltaic power in Guangdong province became 0.4505 Yuan (including tax), Guangdong Province, the price is based on coal benchmark price to float, and the national development and Reform Commission subsidies will remain unchanged. At present, Guangdong Province, distributed PV new benchmark coal price 0.4505/(tax) acquisition, but also enjoy a 0.42 Yuan/degree (tax) State subsidies. Among them, the tax standard: coal-fired unit price rate is 17%, which is 0.38504x (1+17%) = 0.4505/, 0.38504/tax not included price. Personal projects, including tax settlement price by 3% Summary of VAT tax rates that individual project price (including tax) 0.38504x (1+3%) = 0.3966 Yuan/degree.

Original title: roof built power stations on-asking price

Shanxi Jincheng City Bureau of science and technology on filing state card poor

Polaris solar PV net news: counties (cities, districts) science and Technology Bureau, the Economic Development Board:

To further introduce solar power in rural areas in our city subsidies combined with poverty reduction through research, where the city’s poor reporting of filing State photovoltaic projects, does not require the proposed project site property must be consistent with the declarant. Declaration shall provide the County (municipal and district) level poverty alleviation Department proof of poor materials and declarations should be used with property unit signed a long-term agreement and opinions issued by the village and sealed. Other declarations and procedures normally required.

Jincheng City Bureau of science and technology

The December 2, 2016

Original title: Jincheng City Bureau of science and technology on “filing state card poor” enjoy the photovoltaic subsidy supplementary notice

Shanxi Jincheng began disclosing 2017 first distributed PV subsidies 0 2 Yuan

Polaris solar PV net news: counties (cities, districts) science and Technology Bureau, the Economic Development Board, all the parties involved:

Under the Jin dynasty model for distributed solar power in rural areas of the city spirit of trial measures for the application of financial support for special fund management, research, and 2017 for the first batch of distributed solar power projects to subsidize the Declaration and related matters are hereby notified as follows:

Scope, subsidies

Purchased prior to December 2016 using the city’s production of photovoltaic products investment and electricity sector acceptance of distributed solar power projects in rural areas, including:

1, farmers build number of PV power generation projects;

2, agricultural cooperative building of photovoltaic power generation projects combined with modern agricultural facilities.

Second, subsidies

Photovoltaic electricity subsidies: 0.2 Yuan/kWh.

Installation allowance: 3/w.

Third, the reporting requirements

Applies for subsidies shall meet the following requirements:

(A) project uses photovoltaic panels to be local PV product manufacturers to provide products of Jincheng city.

(B) the project is subject to acceptance and work correctly in the electricity sector.

(C) the family electricity projects subject to agricultural household registration in our city, and built by the property rights of the project site.

(D) the project of construction of agricultural cooperatives, agricultural cooperatives, and should be combined with modern agricultural facilities for agricultural industrialization of services.

Documents for applying for four,

(A) declare the project application materials for the first time.

1, of the Jincheng City application form for distributed solar power subsidies in rural areas.

2, farmers need to provision of identity cards, household registration or copy of proof of residence, venue ownership certificates, which poor households in addition to the above materials will also need to provide County (municipal and district) level poverty issued by the poor documentation, declarations should be used with property unit signed a long-term agreement and opinions issued by the village and sealed. Agricultural cooperatives provided business licenses, corporate code certificate, copy of ID card of the legal representative, PV projects and the industrialization of agriculture combined with a brief description of the material.

3, copy of the incorporation of acceptance issued by the power companies.

Buy PV panels 4, copies of tax invoices, the invoice must indicate the purchase quantity and unit price of PV panels.

5, power grid Enterprise proof of actual generating capacity of the project.

(B) the declared electricity subsidies material again.

1, of the Jincheng City application form for distributed solar power subsidies in rural areas.

2, power grid Enterprise proof of actual generating capacity of the project.

Above materials, sequential binding, in four copies.

Five, reporting and forms

Reporting time: December 5, 2016-January 5, 2017. Project application unit before December 30, 2016 declarations submitted to County (municipal and district) science and Technology Bureau, counties (cities, districts) of Jincheng city, until January 5, 2017 submitted to innovation of science and technology service center.

Projects take the form of a written declaration, the implementation of centralized management through reporting.

Farmers ‘ declarations, declarations submitted in each County (city, district) science and Technology Bureau, the economic development Bureau, counties (cities and districts) technology assessment, Jincheng city, unified declarations submitted to the innovation Service Center.

Agricultural cooperatives declared, counties (cities and districts) science and Technology Bureau, the economic development Bureau for examination and then then submitted to the innovation of Jincheng city Service Center.

Six, contact details and contact phone number

(A) of Jincheng City Bureau of science and technology

Contact person: Shang Xinming Tel: 2198230

(B) innovation, Jincheng city Service Center

Contact person: Ma Xian Li Tel: 2028268

(C) urban technology

Contact person: Zhang Xiangming Tel: 2039973

(D) the Jersey Technology Council

Contact person: Liu Xin, Tel: 3041302

(V) high level science and Technology Bureau

Contact person: Zhang Xiao contact Tel: 5236092

(Vi) Yang Cheng technology

Contact person: Wang Wenping Tel: 4225941

(Vi) lingchuan technology

Contact person: Ren Gaozhong Tel: 6202755

(G) the qinshui technology

Contact person: Ding Yamei Tel: 7021541

(VIII) Economic Development Council

Contact person: Ms. Zhang xiaoli Tel: 2191142

Attachment: application form for distributed solar power subsidies in rural areas of Jincheng city


Shanxi Jincheng began disclosing 2017 first distributed PV subsidies: 0.2 Yuan/degree + construction 3/w

Original title: Declaration of 2017 for the first batch of distributed PV project subsidy notifications

Polaris solar PV NET week news highlights 11 28 12 2

Polaris solar PV net news: policy review

1. Beijing yanqing: distributed PV project equipment shall be selected from the list of alternative products or it will not be the incorporation

I issued the call for 2016 yanqing district notice of distributed PV project list of alternative products, voluntary application by enterprises and third party information on the application of rigorous examination, qualified 12 component companies are, 65 kinds of component models; 6 inverter company, 17 kinds of inverter model (see annex) to the public.

For more details

2. Anhui, chuzhou city development and Reform Commission: suspended centralized PV ground station for the record

National photovoltaic power stations “built” indicator gap, plus national macro-policy is in the making such as price adjustments, in order to promote the city’s orderly utilization of photovoltaic resources, according to the Provincial Bureau of energy deployment, suspended for concentrated photovoltaic power station for the record on the ground, national policy clear, and complete photovoltaic power station construction plan for 2016-2018 the editor restored the record.

For more details

3. the policy of promoting the sustained and healthy development of the photovoltaic industry, Hefei city funds to deliver the notice

Declare condition: photovoltaic cells, modules, storage batteries, inverter manufacturers, and the previous year, photovoltaic cells, modules, storage battery domestic sales reach 100 MW (megawatt ˙), inverter 200 megawatts, and then on the new type industrialization enterprise policy does not repeat the steps to enjoy.

For more details

4. in yiyang County, yiyang County, Henan Government issued on PV implementation for poverty alleviation programmes (for trial implementation) notice

About 700,000 yuan to each poor village investment, building a 100-kilowatt of village PV power plant as a base, 88 poor village plans a total investment of 61.6 million Yuan (end subject to the actual investment) after the completion of installed capacity up to 8,800-kilowatt.

For more details

5. Shandong development and Reform Commission: to 2020 year construction 1.1205 million kilowatt ATD PV power station

By 2020, ensure coverage focused on poverty reduction, 1000, 100,000 file state poor. Advance key 1.1205 million kW of the first photovoltaic project for poverty alleviation, including village-level power stations (including household system) 317,500 kW, corresponding to help 70,000 file state card poor; centralized power stations 803,000 kW, corresponding to 31,000 file state helping the poor.

For more details

6. Shanghai 2016 issued the tenth instalment of special funds for energy conservation and emissions reduction photovoltaic project 18.3997 million

According to the Shanghai Municipal renewable energy and new energy development fund support policy (Shanghai development and reform energy [2014]87), the arrangements approved by 2016-renewable and new energy development to support the project to support capital of 37.0251 million Yuan (wind power project in the third quarter of 18.6254 million Yuan, as well as one, two or three quarter-scale PV projects 18.3997 million).

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Market review

1. many enterprises to raise focus of distributed PV industry development in Eastern region

Data shows that by the end of 2015, 43.18 million-kilowatt PV cumulative installed capacity in China, of which, distributed PV is only 6.06 million-kilowatt. If you compare the installed capacity at the end of last year and compared to the plan, in the “Thirteen-Five” period, distributed PV installed capacity will increase at least nine times more than doubled.

For more details

2. fire accidents residential solar energy causes?

Japan consumer safety Commission (consumer accident investigation Board) announced on October 31 that increased residential photovoltaic power generation system of fire accident, decided to carry out analytical studies, participants have been selected. Decision is made at the accident investigation Board held that day to consumers.

For more details

3. PV of “leader” really lead to a vicious price war?

“Leader plans” new benchmark in sharply lower PV prices at the same time, also caused quite a bit of skepticism in the industry, the view was expressed that this low-price competition, disrupt order, worried about its decline in electricity prices is only temporary, and tendering issues such as the quality can not be guaranteed.

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4. Inner Mongolia 2016 PV market and its future trend

In 2016, regardless of the PV poverty, Inner Mongolia received a total of 2.1 million-kilowatt PV targets, including common scale PV power station 600,000-kilowatt, baotou, wuhai PV leader base respectively, 1 million-kilowatt, 500,000-kilowatt.

For more details

5. Taiwan reservoir solar power plant opposed

Taiwan power company and the Taiwan water Corporation sign MOU on 30th, was going to two reservoirs in the South unit were floating on the water of the 5,000kW solar power system, but ruin the landscape and water security worries, makes plans to meet with opposition. Meanwhile, there are many floating solar systems completed Taiwan quite such solar project development divisions.

For more details

6. Korea poly average prices for imports topped South Korea again to new lows

According to the latest customs statistics, October 2016 China poly silicon imports decreased to 8680 tons, declined slightly to 2.2% per cent, an increase of 15.6%. 2016 as of October, the cumulative imports reached 112216 tons, up drastic increase of 16.4%, the average monthly import volume in 11222 tons.

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7.2016 utility PV module prices down to 1.5 us $/W

Recently the United Kingdom IHSMarkit analysis of data shows that solar PV module prices by 2017 to make utility-scale component costs fell 38%.

For more details

Enterprise version

1. Shaanxi nonferrous metal holding billions of poly silicon projects on hold after three years to restart the alleged encroachment of woodland

Shaanxi nonferrous metal holding Group’s polysilicon project total investment of 21 billion yuan, under the plan should be completed and put into operation before 2013. But journalists on the ground in recent days found that the project had been on hold for three years, up to November this year are still under construction, when completed is still unknown.

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2. PV of the Lee brothers different ways: one is delisting warning another become “boss”?

In the photovoltaic industry, Xian shou, Xian in China, Xian de brothers who had created the Zhejiang Yuhui solar energy Ltd and jinkosolar holding limited fame two listed companies. Today, both companies are suffering from very different kinds of situations.

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3.-minded cancellation of three power plant projects of science and technology company

A few days ago, nobly said in a statement the company strategy of science and technology for optimizing the efficient use of funds, decided to write-off the company wholly owned subsidiary Quantm Xinjiang new energy investment group company minded Guoxin energy development co, artux city, Guoxin light power limited, letter of wuqia three Sun power project companies.

For more details

4. Yingli Green energy in gross profit in the third quarter fell

Recently, Yingli Green Energy announced the initial results of the third quarter, the company shipped 360-370MW components in the third quarter, lower than the second quarter of 2016, 622MW, 6%-7% less than expected, higher than expected gross profit margin fell to 5%-6%.

For more details

5.TerraForm Power from SunEdison self-reliance

TerraFormPower YieldCo established by SunEdison branch of the American company, launched SunEdison in bankruptcy reorganization after a going concern. The company said, will be the fastest officially in January 2017 from SunEdison, became an independent company.

For more details

Polaris solar network on December 1 2016 news review

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar PV NET summary December 1 news, PV installing surge after weak demand in four quarters, yiyang County, Henan PV or weak recovery implementation for poverty alleviation programmes (for trial implementation), community solar energy in the United States are competitive in most areas, as follows:

PV installing surge after weak demand in four quarters, or a weak recovery

Yiyang, Henan PV implementation for poverty alleviation programmes (for trial implementation)

Community solar in the United States in most regions are competitive

GCL-acquisition of SunEdison’s asset-extended deadline

TerraForm Power from SunEdison self-reliance

Land holdings subsidiary to finance new 302 million acquisition of yunyang power 100% equity and debt

Yuhui solar third-quarter loss of $20.5 million

Yingli Green energy in gross profit in the third quarter fell

Taiwan reservoir solar power plant opposed

3 rupees per kWh! India also reported record low price of PV?

Xinjiang Urumqi three-pronged crack new energy to dissolve

PV agricultural status and existing problems

Tibet’s gonggar 50MW trough power plant feasibility study to review the proposed ultimate slot by molten salt technology

India Pakistan to build world s largest solar project size 1GW

Polaris solar PV net news: according to India media reported Indian Express, climate change Minister Zahid of Pakistan Ha announced that it will start building the world’s largest solar project, capacity will be up to 1GW.

Spectrum is now the world’s largest solar project

“The world’s largest solar project” title has been constantly refreshed with all over the world. Recently India has just been built the world’s largest solar power plant of the news reports, then Pakistan will stand out. India Kamuthi over solar power station installed capacity of 648MW, Pakistan’s total installed capacity of the project to be built about 1.5 times of its times.

In fact, as early as May of this year, United States company SolarReserve solar energy cooperation with China Shenhua group, announced that it would build giant concentrated solar power station installed capacity of 1GW; in October, SolarReserve company once again declared that United States Nevada build 1.5-2GW super giant concentrated solar power plants. Only this is the plan of the project, and was not fully completed.

Pakistan announced its solar power project at this time, not trying to steal India’s thunder, but out of consideration of the reality of the climate, economy and so on.

Pakistan faces a serious climate problem

At present, Pakistan’s contribution towards fighting global warming can be described as a few hundred, which makes the Minister Zahid Ha in participation this year in Morocco held the 22nd session of the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change Conference of the parties (COP22), a friendly reminder by the international community.

Pakistan faces a variety of issues related to climate change, such as melting glaciers, changes in monsoon and periodic floods, rising seas, more frequent high temperatures and drought, and so on.

Zahid Ha said, “Pakistan is facing the harsh realities of climate, would jeopardize State water security, food security and energy security, and will have a tremendous impact on the development of the national economy. ”

Pakistan’s road to renewable energy

Pakistan’s Government wants to improve this situation. In recent years, the Government encourages residents to use solar energy generation, not only a large amount of subsidies, also allows people to sell surplus electricity to the grid of solar output. Meanwhile, the Pakistani Government to strengthen cooperation with China in order to reduce the cost of solar panels. In addition, to stimulate energy efficiency, saving energy, Pakistan this year has enacted the national energy efficiency and Conservation Act.

These attempts appear to have played some role. According to the Pakistani newspaper the news, the current installed capacity to 400MW of solar energy in the country, although compared with the solar power, this volume seems to be worth mentioning, for Pakistan, but we have seen advances in the country’s energy.

In the efforts of the Pakistani Government, in May this year, the famous Ernst lists Pakistan as global renewable energy one of the most attractive areas of 40 countries. Under this good news, Pakistan Energy Development Board (AEDB) predicted that by 2018, total solar installed capacity will reach 1.8GW in the country.

At a press conference, Pakistan announced that it would start building the world’s largest solar project, which is an important measure to develop renewable energy, shows the Government’s determination to develop renewable energy, will benefit the country’s economy, climate, and many other beneficial effects.

Original title: India: Pakistan will build the world’s largest solar project

Yuhui solar third quarter loss of 20 5 million

Polaris solar PV net news: on November 30, the Zhejiang Yuhui solar energy limited (Yuhui solar, NYSE:SOL) released third-quarter earnings, in sight after four consecutive quarterly profits, Yuhui solar first-loss third quarter of 2016. Third-quarter turnover of 187 million dollars, reduced 25.2% per cent, down about 49.2%; third-quarter net loss of $20.5 million, a profit of $5.5 million in the second quarter, profit of $8.6 million in the same period last year; gross margin in the third quarter of 10.1%, in the second quarter was 16.5%, 16.1% for the same period last year.

Shipments, Yuhui solar components out of total 191.2MW in the third quarter, the company projects shipments of components and raw materials of about 6.1MW; chips out of total 290.5MW, 423.3MW in the second quarter, to 341.6MW over the same period of last year; reserve items and raw materials grew to more than 1GW, 448MW projects have been prepared.

Yuhui solar four-quarter revenue is expected to grow between target revenues between 220 million and $240 million, and gross profit margin will rise further.

Original title: Yuhui solar third-quarter loss of $20.5 million

Taiwan reservoir solar power plant opposed

Polaris solar PV net news: Taiwan power company and the Taiwan water Corporation sign MOU on 30th, was going to two reservoirs in the South unit were floating on the water of the 5,000kW solar power system, but ruin the landscape and water security worries, makes plans to meet with opposition. Meanwhile, there are many floating solar systems completed Taiwan quite such solar project development divisions.

Economy Ministry said it would suspend lake water solar installations

Electricity and water said in Chiayi in Taiwan lantan reservoirs, two reservoirs such as Lake reservoir in Kaohsiung to develop floating solar system, total appliance target 5,000kW. Elected opposition, such a move could undermine the reservoir recreation function of landscape, people, may also affect water safety, calling for Government priorities such as Wanda sedimentation reservoir to applied.

In this regard, the Economic Minister Li Shiguang has said Lake will be excluded from the first phase of the inventory list, but the analysis further lantan. He also stressed that the plan has set the landscape into account, even if laying of panels, the area is no more than 2% of the reservoir area.

Economic planning water solar systems in a facility of the Department, to 2 years up to 150MW; reservoir raised concerns, basin, farm pond and other water spaces will remain actively engaged. And tender, will pay special attention to the overall landscape designs and features, and so on.

Grandpa shop system built in, Peony, brine, saddle dam reservoir to warm up

Although Lake solar project was called back to vote for the time being, but Taiwan is still a floating solar systems completed. Taiwan’s first floating solar system located on a flood detention pools Tawu in Pingtung d, unit 499kW, opened in February this year, also local programmes shangxudong environmental technology companies.

Taiwan due to the effects of climate change, reservoirs, basin water level variation also form of setting up this solar system’s biggest challenge. Referring to Japan and the United Kingdom and other international experience reflected in waters set the solar system, not only can the effective utilization of space, but also water conservation, power generation will increase because of the cooling effect, killing several. Taiwan also in wholesale purchase scheme in 2017 to join the water’s purchase price of the solar system.

In August, the Ministry of economy Department of water resources in the Southern District Council completed the floating solar power station bidding of the Grandpa shop reservoir and e Asia energy bids. The case is expected to be completed by the end of June next year 2.3MW, and completed by the end of 2018 5MW total amount of devices. When completed, is expected to produce 6.6 million a year. Grandpa shop reservoir water level variation is small, strong sunshine, and flood control facility there are two, very suitable for setting floating solar panels.

Government to further promote such systems, has been held in August as the Mudan reservoir in Pingtung-floating systems and dam slope under discussion with the two systems. Besides Peony reservoir, saddle dam reservoir, saline reservoir has a water power station project.

Original title: Taiwan reservoir solar difference