Polaris solar PV NET weekly Hots collection (7.4-7.10)

Polaris solar PV net news: policy review

1. the Energy Council: will be around to train a team of 100MW or more photovoltaic industrial park

A few days ago, in order to speed up implementation of steady growth, promoting reform and restructuring of the State Council, Huimin health and related policies, further increase of distributed PV innovation efforts, National Energy Board decision has been based on distributed PV Application demonstration zone construction work cultivating a number of distributed PV demonstration area.

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2. Shanghai municipal development and Reform Commission issued 2014-distributed PV annual notification of new construction scale

The district (s) development and Reform Commission and the Shanghai Municipal electric power company:

According to the National Energy Board issued on 2014 PV annual notification of new construction scale, the statistical information and prepare work on strengthening PV project: notice of spirit, organized by the Shanghai investment consulting company expert review, 2014-the year new construction, distributed PV scale indicator breakdown structure and work-related requirements for notification are as follows:

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3. distributed and circulated the new draft wilderness ground off greenhouse power price

Journalists from several sources that, in order to promote the development of distributed PV, a document associated with this notice (the draft) was recently issued to some domestic companies, but the draft is not yet open to the public. Notice the core content is similar to previous rumors: includes distributed projects such as the waste land, fish ponds, and recommended that the Executive of the local benchmark price of photovoltaic power station (the ground station) policy.

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4. Energy Council will promote local to set up platforms for distributed business loans

—Within the associated PV PV listed companies in Hong Kong, held on a conference call, company executives told reporters, the National Energy Board is working hard to in many ways promotes the development of PV distributed projects. Measure is: will work with local governments to join forces to solve financing problems, as the local State-owned platforms for distributed project financing.

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Market review

120 million PV project private corporation “mixed emotions”

Launched 80 pilot projects from the State Department to social capital to more stable growth in the near future seek joined with private capital investment, area opened to private capital investment is growing. According to reporter to comb, and in June alone, more open to private capital projects will have over a trillion dollars.

Multiple open projects in the field, varying participation of private enterprise: some pros and cons of assets, how pricing, ability to understand the voice doubts some active layout, looks forward to a share.

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2. PV heading EVA film hard

Despite the country’s largest photovoltaic module EVA film company-Hangzhou first PV materials company limited (hereinafter “foster ‘s”) in mid-June past, upcoming a-share, but more than counterparts has not rejoiced: prices are falling, profit margins, inadequate technology research and development status of short-term domestic story has changed.

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3. serial analysis of PV industry undecies PV services

Photovoltaic industry generally understood belonging to secondary industries, however, PV also covers services and belongs to our country of the modern service industry, the main contents of which also belong to the category of producer services. This article and some discussion. Here, the author covered by photovoltaic industry or related to the service sector, known as PV services.

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4. foreign media: WTO on China and countervailing case 50 strokes

Foreign media say China July 7 failed to overthrow the United States a law against unfair trade subsidies, World Trade Organization (WTO) appellate body said, do not have access to enough information to support an appeal against a ruling by the WTO before.

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5. distributed report (iii): policy price advance in trade (chart)

Originally distributed subsidies for solar projects, subsidies for start-up subsidies 50%~70%, but as a result of prior subsidies, resulting in a reinforced, built prior to disassembly, introducing those small, hard to monitor, and so on.

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6.2014 analysis of photovoltaic industry development in China

PV industry in China under the influence of factors such as policy guidance and market-driven, the situation has improved, the market has steadily increased. In 2014, in case of further expansion in market demand, China PV industry continued to grow steadily, but remain under price pressure from oversupply.

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Comment article

1. Angela Merkel’s visit to China from Sino-German photovoltaic industry, “love kills”

Germany is China’s largest trade partner in Europe, and also an important source of capital and technology. In 2013, the Sino-German trade volume reached US $ 161.6 billion, was in 1972 when diplomatic ties between 580 times, for more than 30 years of China’s biggest European trading partner. Since 2009, bilateral trade has accounted for trade between China and 30% for 5 consecutive years, China’s exports to the EU of one-fourth going to Germany. And these figures for the German photovoltaic industry, even more historic.

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2. distributed photovoltaic industrial park will be repeated “great leap forward”

Recently, in order to speed up implementation of steady growth, promoting reform and restructuring of the State Council, Huimin health and related policies, further increase of distributed PV innovation efforts, National Energy Board decision on distributed PV demonstration area construction in cultivating a number of distributed distributed in photovoltaic power generation demonstration area based on photovoltaic power generation demonstration area.

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3. PV B2C services more important than price

Before the policy, PV bigwigs have begun domestic B2C market layout.

On March 15, Hebei Baoding Yingli opened an area of about 300 square meters of solar direct store, which is also the first solar power-themed store.

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4. energy subsidies, why not change the way of thinking

In the course of the development of different types of energy, often seen financial subsidies from the Government, their motivations for supporting the growth of clean and efficient energy, guide, energy saving and energy constituted a reasonable change, and, sometimes, in response to the price change, alleviate the pressure on low-income consumers. But long-term effects of energy subsidies is not always satisfactory, resulting in wasted effort, or even backfire.

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5.CIGS: the next great force for thin-film photovoltaic modules

Thin-film battery initially with its low cost became the focus of many people, and was once considered the crystalline silicon cells (mainstream PV technology) contenders. But in the last two years the development of thin film solar module has been in a downturn, many domestic and foreign companies has closed its film business. In mid-April this year, Fortune 500 DuPont solar announced it would end its amorphous silicon thin-film photovoltaic (solar energy) component business. This raises concerns on the development of thin film solar cells, where the road to the future development of thin film solar cell?

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Enterprise version

1.*ST Suri is negotiating with mysterious company Ni Kailu final destination uncertain

*ST Suri listed in losses three years in a row, stocks and bonds started terminating bankruptcy reorganization procedure, which is only less than four years from its successful IPO.

Chairman Ni Kailu is 58 years old, once the asset maneuvers and ingenuity now fall from the peak of the frenzy to raise billions of Yuan to the bottom, while banks, shareholders, debt, suppliers get stuck in the quagmire of *ST Suri, unable to withstand even the local authority, the Securities and Futures Commission, as well as listing sponsor institutions also suffer.

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2. downstream to embrace business capital high ATP power station next year

Facing the lower station “initial higher investment” constraints listed solar companies are embracing an important way for capital. Yesterday, reporters learned that jinko power station in preparation for the spin-off of the business, according to the company’s global brand Director Qian Jing’s introduction, or will have more action in the second half, and if all goes well, until early next year will be formally listed in the second half.

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3. Germany peg giant sued Yingli said Yingli owes $ 31.27 million debt to its bankruptcy

As the World Cup soccer tournament sponsors, Yingli solar energy at this stage appears almost daily on television in the world, Germany SiCProcessing company insolvency administrator Seagon inopportune timing, sued the Chinese solar giant.

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Character articles

1. Ding Wenlei: this life only distributed PV

Man about to catch up with “$literal” the last bus from Shandong young man, says a Word to a reporter: in this life, I would have only distributed PV

In May this year international photovoltaic exhibition, Ding Wenlei attention. These days, people at the fair when it comes to distributed PV will refer to Ding Wenlei, referred to by his head hang Yu solar energy science and Technology Limited (hereinafter “hang Yu solar energy”), and the micro-circle of friends, almost full screen is also media reports about him.

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Despite falling US $ 700 million worldwide PV financing “robust”

Polaris solar PV net news: Mercom Capital under the clean energy consulting company, the global solar industry financing first in 2014 and slipped a little in the second quarter.

2014 five largest project finance transactions in the second quarter.

Mercom covering debt financing, venture capital, private equity and public market financing report, pointed out that from 2014 total funding fell to $ 7 billion in the first quarter to the second quarter of $ 6.3 billion.

Mercom CEO Raj-Pula (RajPrabhu), however, for the solar industry, which continues to be a “solid” quarter.

“The increase in venture capital funds, public market remains strong and we are seeing new and innovative financial structures. Residential and commercial solar energy fund continued to raise record amounts. ”

Total venture capital deals in the second quarter from $ 251 million in the first quarter increased to $ 432 million, downstream solar companies get the lion’s share, at $ 388 million.

Biggest trading is a supplier of residential solar Sunrun raised $ 150 million of equity financing, then it is called a private United States company’s largest residential solar energy.

According to Mercom,2014 years also saw the total project finance transactions in the second quarter of up to $ 3.5 billion. This was smaller than the $ 3.6 billion last quarter slightly down, but from the 33 trades, while last quarter’s 43 deals, reflecting the project’s scale is continually expanding.

Five major items traded include raised $ 450 million for 50MWTenaskaImperialCenterWest projects, FirstSolar as its Chile 141MWLuzDelNorte (click to view PV-Tech previously reported) project to raise $ 290 million, and SunEdison is also located in Chile (see picture on the left), 72MWMariaElena (click to view PV-Tech previously reported) Project to raise $ 190 million.

Merger and acquisition activity is concerned, some 25 deals in the quarter, the largest in the market of SolarCity is well received $ 350 million acquisition of PV cell and module producers Silevo.

Original title: down $ 700 million global PV financing “robust”

Sunshine can also “power pump”?

Polaris solar PV net news: “that wells in the village, were loaded onto a flat piece of pumping when, listening to young people in the village called solar pumping, do not need a special power supply. “Recently, the Changjiang Li autonomous county village of Shi Lu Zhen shuifu Stadium footrace aged more than 70 villagers would tell people:” the original Sun power can also pump water. “The old man” tablet “is solar panels.

Not far from water wells in the village of Fu. Reporters saw wells are made of reinforced fencing, wells is a small house near the original power supply room, geeky, house roof solar panel, about 50 square meters.

On January 15 this year, in their small cooperation with Hainan Hirotaka source energy saving technology service company, Fu built the province’s first photovoltaic water pumping water, absorb solar energy through solar panels, power-driven special-purpose pumps draw water from the wells towers, then entered the village water supply network.

In the eyes of shuifu village Communist Party Secretary Lin Wenguang, this “high tech” saved a lot of trouble in the village. Village pump powered by the city, handed powered by electricity in the village at that time to 3000 dollars per month or so.

Lin Wenguang said that photovoltaic pumping project to replace the municipal drinking water supply pumps, save the villagers of costs, and frequent equipment failures, mains water efficiency is low, the noise problem has been solved.

“This is not only a livelihood projects, and an energy-saving projects. “Changjiang Zeng Xue Meng told reporters, the Secretary said. He explained that the project with total investment of more than 280,000 yuan, “one thing one debate”, Governments and village committees assessed. System head 56 meters, daily pumping capacity of up to 100 tons, and annual output of 22,000, equipment life 25 estimated 550,000 kilowatts, save 137 tons of standard coal, reducing carbon dust emissions at 94 tons, 3421 tons of carbon dioxide emission reduction, reducing sulfur dioxide emissions by 0.01 tons.

A few days ago, to carry out the “energy-saving publicity week” activities, the provincial agriculture Office of Dongfang, Ledong and Danzhou, Pak Sha, Sanya and Baoting, Lingshui, wuzhi mountain etc 8 counties in the agricultural sector, solar power to pump water to Changjiang Shi Lu Zhen shuifu village scene to observe activities.

Au said Changjiang all pumping stations in rural areas is currently being thoroughly investigated, PV pumping drinking water projects and further assessment of the investment, earnings estimates, plans in rural areas throughout the County.

Original title: “the original sunshine can also power pump”

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Heraeus sizing localization strategies affect the geometry?

Polaris solar PV net news: SNEC in May the show, Heraeus-photovoltaic division trumpeted its positive metallization pastes will be produced in China, saying such a measure would improve sales, technical support and localization so far back silver paste production. In July, announced that it is putting all its solar cell metallization paste transfer of research and development activities to the United States, aimed at next-generation products to market faster.

Heraeus is expected over the next three years, China will have the world PV installations of 25% and 60% of the solar cell manufacturing, China is a very important market in the global PV market.

Heraeus a global photovoltaic business manager Li Haide Andreas Liebheit says, “for Heraeus, and put the positive paste of localization of production the Heraeus focus more on the Chinese market is an important decision. The decision not only represents our commitment to the Chinese market is huge, but also increase the flexibility of production to meet customer’s special requirements. After we receive your purchase order, delivery time can be significantly shortened to two days. We will also increase our local technicians, provides our partners with a better professional and technical services. ”

In addition to shortening the delivery time and cost also has a certain amount of space, it is only observation can be expected to, but deeper effect of thought-provoking, such as localization of positive conductive paste for Heraeus, the effect on its competitors, the industry.

“Heraeus is a very powerful enterprises, but in the field of solar energy has not yet run into an ideal stage, its market share is not stable enough, despite the rapid growth in recent years, but before the Tiger after a Wolf, his leadership is still not very strong, he needed some breakthroughs. “A senior battery Enterprise evaluation.

Heraeus Shanghai Technical Center

What it means for Heraeus

Taiwan Shuo Wo localization of production in Suzhou, Wujiang has its own factories, not singled out because he is a Chinese Taiwan companies, is made of silver and silver back on behalf of the enterprise. But for Shuo Wo, national reputation, for its technological prowess and business challenges, the key raw material silver supplies were also affected.

There is a materials company Ferro Ferro, also in Suzhou factory to produce slurry but back AG, photovoltaic pastes are now already into their folds by Heraeus, fruition in the Heraeus technology platform.

Localization is essential operations on the development of marketing and sales, if not handled properly, could be driving rapid growth in product sales, and that’s why a lot of foreign companies choose the localization of production. Heraeus is concerned, this may be a breakthrough, but it may also be tested.

Nationalization of domestic rear aluminum paste production of photovoltaic cells have been completely positive silver paste was a blue sea has yet to break through, many materials are eyeing, everyone is wondering how to breakthrough technology, Fortress level in China is obvious.

Case lot of foreign-funded enterprises in China to implement localization of production, but for the existence of secret and technical threshold of positive silver paste, Enterprise determined in local production also requires courage, will undoubtedly uncover the veil mean production, local talent team, there are different degrees of tests of intellectual property.

When asked why China’s domestic production, AndreasLiebheit said: “We hope to have closer contacts and cooperation with the client. Silver paste characteristics based on precious metals, prices as prices fluctuate and change, if we have a shorter trading processes, reduces customer risk, is also a customized according to customer’s demand, we can better meet. While reducing costs, China has raised the import tariffs of paste from 3% to 6.5%, silver prices have also been on the rise, local production can reduce costs. ”

Heraeus-photovoltaic business are paying attention, focused on for crystalline silicon solar cells with conductive paste products. Heraeus in the headquarters is located in Minhang district, Shanghai, China, photovoltaic business unit is an integral part of their company’s total business sector after Heraeus pulp production base in the United States and Singapore. Silver before being localized, localization of production of silver for its back earlier, and started local production in Shanghai in March 2009, as brands only.

For now, its silver of localization of production plants in China is likely to set up in Shanghai, the plans are already in the process, pending government approvals, will begin construction of the factory, according to their plan, starting in July the samples, and mass production by the end of. This is 2013 Heraeus to increase investment to China after Shanghai PV laboratory market, another important action.

Silver paste factory in Shanghai with cost considerations, part of the equipment from Heraeus will transfer production abroad, for them, more is personnel costs. In order to better implement this strategy, Heraeus throughout the PV Unit’s management has made certain adjustments, starting with the AndreasLiebheit will be in China, ride in Shanghai region of China jumps up a stall, in addition, the technicians have increased the localization of construction.

Is silver paste production capacity also devised a plan, according to General Manager of Heraeus-photovoltaic materials Division of China Gao Changlu revealed, initially will not be too big, in the fourth quarter, reaching about 5 tons per month, until next year is expected to increase to 15 tons/month.

What it means for competitors

This action of Heraeus, views held by the industry, have a customer is good, some competitors have questioned, also have counterparts on the sidelines.

“Home is just a pulp process, there is a certain price per kg of space. “A domestic pulp manufacturing enterprise management to express his point of view, he stated that it could evade high taxes, reducing costs, taking into account intellectual property rights, including little.

But according to Heraeus technicians, which involves technological requirements, such as grinding, is a very important process, one of many companies in this process, because they do not know how to control, leading to bad batches stability.

This two years, domestic out many domestic are silver company, common of features is scale is unlikely to has must technology, launched has several are silver products, respectively in each big battery factory shuttle test products, has one or two home production of positive silver pulp in customer of battery line competition in the, effect good, but actual using to must volume level Shi, products of performance appeared has problem, stability cannot reached requirements and some stalled.

Among them, the paste composition is the key, which requires long-term technology accumulation and experience, Heraeus’s involvement, will have a certain impact for this group of companies.

Later will be affected on the other hand are neck and neck, the two rivals, Heraeus photovoltaic business unit technology Vice President Zhang Weiming said: “now, customers are looking for product differentiation, also put forward a different requirement for material suppliers, which requires companies with strong research and development capability to support localization are better able to meet the individual requirements of customers. This time we also added two new positive silver paste, after appropriate optimization for customer production processes, two types of paste can provide excellent performance. Next year we will launch a new product, will also leave the two routes. ”

It is understood that Heraeus SOL9620 series and SOL9621 series, is the latest conventional and front of ultra-shallow doping launching-junction solar cell metallization pastes.

Pulp suppliers need to maintain technical exchanges with the battery manufacturer, also need to be able to offer us battery technology materials solutions that match will gain more market voice, as now more sought after by battery manufacturer in the industry and research direction of PERC battery which Heraeus not only catching, DuPont, Samsung also.

One of Heraeus customers, Li Tenghui in battery production line Executive said, the company temporarily without too much impact but had expected he expected Heraeus action there will be a process of localization, depends on the stability of homemade products.

It is learnt that, in order to promote localization, Heraeus now started setting of a timetable for line battery manufacturer domestic supplies are silver.

Original title: Heraeus sizing localization impact geometry

Building integrated photovoltaics was instead consumed by urbanization construction

Polaris solar PV net news: at this stage, China’s rapid development of industrialization and urbanization, China’s economic revolution is intensifying. Meanwhile, energy consumption in the process of industrialization and urbanization, so its energy industry in China gap increased, China is facing a new energy revolution. Some experts pointed out, energy consumption and environmental pressure, China’s urbanization construction needed to realize Striding across, shifting from energy unit capacity unit.

Architecture is the Foundation of urban construction, and important carrier, new energy and more intensive energy conservation and environmental protection in the community is the main force, if the integration of the two, will be the implementation of green building development, an important means to achieve integration of consumption and production. In fact, in this way from conceptualization to actual.

As far as the combination of light and architecture, light and heat combination of solar water heaters have been used very extensively in their daily lives. “BIPV” is steering capacity of energy consumption of new products. Building integrated photovoltaics development abroad is quite mature, but China is still at an early stage. Earlier this year, Department of housing and urban-rural development for electro-optical architecture issued the civil construction of solar photovoltaic systems technical specification, the standard of building-integrated PV systems operation and maintenance standards related to engineering, design, construction, maintenance, and other aspects. But the application of these criteria in different construction versatility is poor, low number because BIPV projects, lack of experience, practical plan is still incomplete, which makes our building integrated photovoltaics is still in the exploratory stage.

In this regard, the Committee on optical perfection of relevant standards work has been carried out. It is understood that the photovoltaic building Committee is responsible for the preparation of the technical guidelines on the construction of photovoltaic system consists of two major installations, 6 mounting position, 14 types of BIPV installation diagram, architectural PV systems more clearly, for most BIPV general guidance. In addition, the new implementation of photovoltaic sunshade component parts General specification for construction, the General specification for building photovoltaic terrace is also more directional BIPV requirements.

Countries are vigorously support the photovoltaic and green building, both BIPV already promising. With better policies, optoelectronic realization of the building as a green building, destined to become the construction industry one of the most effective ways of reversing the current situation of energy-intensive.

Original title: BIPV integrated urbanization does not blindly consuming

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First breakthroughs was developed by the Institute of electrical 11% of new ferroelectric-coupled semiconductor photovoltaic devices

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, the Institute of electrical compound thin film solar cell research group in soda-lime glass preparation of ferroelectric-coupled semiconductor photovoltaic devices, by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, solar photovoltaic systems and wind power generation system for quality inspection Center for certification, the conversion efficiency can reach 11.3%.

Ferroelectric-semiconductor coupled Nano dipole photovoltaic devices, also known as solar cells, belong to the third generation solar cells. Unlike traditional PN junction is this photovoltaic devices are made with ferroelectric properties of Nano-particle matrix built within the poling electric field to generate an electric field and filled with Nano-semiconductor media between the dipole particles play the role of light-absorbing materials.

In light conditions, the photoexcited semiconductor absorption material to absorb visible light, these photo-generated carrier under the polarization field separation, and moving toward the poles of the batteries, external circuit for output power, thus completing two necessary current and voltage of the photovoltaic device output.

This new type of traditional PN junction devices and photovoltaic devices, an important difference is that these nanoparticles in thin films under the polarization effect of an external electric field will form a polarization field, allowing battery preparation preparation is completed, affected by the electric field deflects the output voltage of the battery, thus improving efficiency.

In 2013, the Group found this particular phenomenon, and published in Prog.Photovolt:Res.Appl. (“ACdSNano-dipoleSolarCell”, ProgressinPhotovoltaics:ResearchandApplications.DOI:10.1002/pip.2432)

According to reports, the team led by Liu Xiangxin researcher at Institute of electrical, using CdS nanoparticles as a piezoelectric material, CdTe as a light-absorbing material, not only proved by various micro-and macro-technologies Nano dipole mechanism of the solar cells and successfully to have this new type of photovoltaic conversion efficiency 11.3%. Compared to conventional PN junction solar cell Nano dipole of thin film solar cell manufacturing process is simple, only need to deposit a thin film.

The above work has been the Chinese Academy of Sciences, national natural science foundation of support.

Original title: electrician developed the first breakthrough by Chinese Academy of Sciences 11% of new ferroelectric-coupled semiconductor photovoltaic devices

Wuxi PV industry breakthrough “skills” to be

Polaris solar PV net news: the PV industry in Wuxi is gradually recovering, was hit again–following the 2012 decision to crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells and modules in China imposed anti-dumping duty last month, United States Department of Commerce ruling again, from Wuxi Suntech solar module imports for 35.21% and its affiliates tariffs, on imports from other Chinese manufacturers of solar 26.89% tariff components.

In April this year, experienced the baptism of reforming Suntech said full year shipments reached 3.4G, created the company’s record high, United States the move, no doubt including Wuxi Suntech photovoltaic companies will be sold to the United States have a negative impact. According to people familiar with the matter said, domestic PV companies like Suntech, Trina solar, solar, United States market share of volume in its business than the average of around 30%-40%.

Statistics show that at present, there are various types of photovoltaic and related enterprises in Wuxi city about 200, including 45 enterprises above designated size, PV industry chain (polycrystalline ingot, monocrystalline pull rods, sliced, cells, modules) of more than 30 companies. Photovoltaic industry output value of the city of 9.921 billion yuan in the first quarter of this year, an increase of 11.6%, PV industry in the first half of this year is expected to achieve an output value of 24.5 billion, an increase of about 20%. However, PV double reverse at any time have struck a sensitive nerve of domestic PV manufacturers. A set of data shows that 1-in May, the PV exported US $ 832 million in the city of Wuxi, down to 5.4%, representing an 3.85% Rally last month, which in May the amount of United States exports only US $ 8.04 million, up steep 72.5%. Ruled in June that come out, May collapse in markets showing market sensitive sense of smell, PV manufacturers, reminds me again: you cannot put all your eggs in one basket, only to expand the market, opportunities to win in the competition in the future.

Wuxi Photovoltaic Association official expressed in twin zero profits under pressure from anti-, many enterprises have to give up the United States market, which will lead to the PV industry in a new round of reshuffle. More enterprises are waiting for possible large-scale PV market started in the second half of this year, expect looking for new opportunities for development. Committee through a letter, the person in charge, the current number of PV industry chain enterprises in our city’s business is expanding to downstream applications link, distributed PV power generation services has reached more than 20 companies. As of May this year, the city has entertained distributed solar power projects on 63, with a total installed capacity of 48.2MW.

The other hand, PV enterprises “going out” at pick up the pace. Far Wuxi hareon solar, Suntech Power, new energy, lend lease on new energy investment in foreign countries by a number of PV such as production cooperation, hareon successively in Italy, and Bulgaria and the United States, and Romania, and Japan and other countries investment project, by the end of 2013, foreign power projects total investment has exceeded 160MW, all projects are power generation and stable operation. Renesola and automatically adjust layout, in Viet Nam, and South Africa, and Poland and other countries to establish overseas production bases, in the form of overseas manufacturing, bypassing trade barriers, to avoid “double reverse” of market risk.

When reporters recently wired renesola official, he said that although the company’s current model for overseas factories reduced risk, badly affected in this double-reverse, but still active layout to open up new markets in Asia, Africa and other. “My city many PV companies, lack of core technology products, quality is not up to the advanced level, double reverse crunch was actually taught us a lesson, remind the industry to speed the transition, win by quality, rather than the competition. ”

Original title: Wuxi PV industry breakthrough “skills” to be

China, the European Union and the United States opened talks to end the solar trade disputes

Polaris solar PV net news: China, the European Union and the United States a few days ago to open negotiations, it could see an end to regional and national government trade tariffs among the 14 strong groups.

The environment Protocol (EnvironmentalGoodsAgreement), covering 54 products, including solar cells and modules. Negotiations will initially focus on tariff elimination.

The Group also includes Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore, and Australia and Korea will agree to participate. The Group weeks 2nd Geneva formally announced at a news conference, talks began in earnest on Wednesday.

European Union Trade Commissioner Karel ˙ de &˙ Gucht (KarelDeGucht) said: “over the years, the EU has been at the forefront of protecting the environment and combating climate change. ”

“Trade policy can actively contribute to this initiative is a classic example of the global objective of sustainable development, namely, to promote access to clean energy services, and rapid urbanization. ”

De ˙ Gucht said: “it is equally important for developed and developing countries, we want more WTO (World Trade Organization) members to join our ambitious efforts. “He added that” green trade also means that, for the EU and us in which advanced green technology companies that are world leaders in green jobs and green growth. ”

Participating countries covering most of the photovoltaic industry major trade disputes, India is involved in a high profile dispute the only absentees.

United States Trade Representative Michael ˙ froman (MichaelFroman) said: “the Obama administration is pursuing a trade policy, which reflects our core values, as well as for United States exporters of unlocking new economic opportunities and family–particularly when it is fostering United States manufacturing exports of environmental goods. Through the Elimination of tariffs on technology, we all need to protect our environment, we can make environmental goods cheaper, and more convenient for everyone, to our environmental protection and trade policy objectives to make substantial progress. ”

Sustainable Energy Coalition (SETIAlliance) welcomed news of the talks

General Manager PeterC.Brun SETIAlliance said in an interview: “enabling trade measures are very destructive, typical high tariffs remained on the market for about five years. This is a very violent, means. ”

“(The process) is the logic behind keeping tension in the industry, have increased in many of WTO trade defence and anti-dumping cases and dispute, has reached a high level. This is not what we need. This will make great contribution to reduce tension. ”

Brun said: “the ambition to move fairly quickly to produce results by the end of next year. “Paris UN climate change Summit and the WTO ministerial meetings twice a year in 2015, to provide additional subsidies.

Original title: China, the European Union and the United States opened talks to end the solar trade disputes

Distributed and circulated the new draft wilderness ground off greenhouse power price

Polaris solar PV net news: news from multiple sources that, in order to promote the development of distributed PV, a document associated with this notice (the draft) was recently issued to some domestic companies, but the draft is not yet open to the public. Notice the core content is similar to previous rumors: includes distributed projects such as the waste land, fish ponds, and recommended that the Executive of the local benchmark price of photovoltaic power station (the ground station) policy. In addition, the draft also suggested that the hope that financial institutions may grant a distributed project rates, relevant local governments can cooperate with and come up with real solutions.

In distributed projects such as agricultural greenhouse

Reporters know, this draft refer to: part of the waste land and barren hills and agricultural greenhouses, beaches and other areas, building a distributed project, at 35,000 volts and below capacity voltage connected to the grid project (not to exceed 20 megawatts), perform local PV benchmark price policy.

“The fact is that in the country issued the draft at the same time, we have seen our company a copy of the detailed rules for the implementation of the headquarters area. “An photovoltaic company officials told reporters, on the ground, the waste land (and barren hills, greenhouses etc) still in the 6 MW limit, rather than the opinions of 20 megawatts of that figure.

The rule of the Province began may be related to national definitions of distributed PV.

The so-called “distributed”, that is located near the users, installed small energy mainly for personal use and use by the user of renewable energy generation facilities or have a power output of energy cascading utilization system, under the grid voltage levels to the 10,000 volts and below. In addition to on-grid voltage requirements, national grid company for distributed PV power generation projects to provide grid services requirements, a single dot total installed capacity up to 6 MW of PV power generation projects.

“Even implementation of 6 MW size, is good to us. Greenhouses, ponds of these projects were previously classified in the centralized, size is usually less than 2 MW, prior to that it’s hard to grant. Now place policy expanded the scale of such projects to 6 megawatts, include distributed, you can scroll through the approval, likely to be approved was much wider. Moreover, declarations can also be either or. We understand the alternatives, is exactly this type of project is to declare the distributed electricity prices plus subsidies (State and local subsidies) mode, or choose a benchmark price policy of the ground station. Which price is high, we can declare which. “The senior said.

The source also told reporters that more detailed, sheds or areas adjacent to spontaneously use ponds project, then pricing calculations is: spontaneous private Internet plus allowance. According to the company’s estimates, best spontaneous use of subsidies in the country at 1.29 dollars per kilowatt hour. “Therefore, the aforesaid new measures, once implemented, most spontaneous use ponds, greenhouses, will gain the greatest benefit. ”

However, hang Yu Ding Wenlei, Executive Director of solar energy to other understanding of the new policy. He said that waste land and beaches and other such items into the local benchmark pricing policy, can be seen as the Government hopes to expand the definition of distributed projects, and increased revenue for all parties. Like a fish shed, beaches, deserted land areas, spontaneous use of small, basically a ground station, and implementation of surface plant benchmark pricing policies, than the original distributed electric energy price policy with higher returns.

Financial support is difficult to achieve a consensus

In this draft, support back to the banks. The draft proposal, hoping to provide distributed project favorable loan interest rates and extending loan maturities, which are also investors and owners have been calling for. Other comments also suggested that encourages local governments to set up public guarantees for photovoltaic funds to guarantee loans of PV power generation projects in the region, encouraging the use of finance leasing offers leasing services, and can explore the PV industry investments.

However, a number of top PV companies have said, compared to the preceding projects such as fish ponds in the for distributing this content, financial support for policy implementation much more difficult.

Many domestic companies distributed projects, unlikely to be six months or 1 year of operation—output statistics in the Bank, has led banks to trust, Bank loan problems coupled with early solar company accident happens and the Bank’s own risk control factors such as strict, distributed funding virtually no progress so far this year. Apart from Solarfun electronics and other companies wanting to pay for themselves or in combination with grid three production companies outside investment, promoting a distributed project, and other distributed the project’s financing, which is struggling. CDB’s attitude is better than the other banks, but this feature of small amount of distributed projects, but also aroused sufficient interest to CDB.

Original title: distributed and circulated the new draft wilderness ground off greenhouse power price

China electricity in Japan PV business

Polaris solar PV net news: Japan media, renewable energy giant Chinese solar energy group, China will enter Japan’s large scale photovoltaic power station market. Planned for 2015 in Japan a new photovoltaic power stations, and use high efficiency photovoltaic panels imported from China. Who think that higher power purchase price in the global level of Japan has a great deal of investment value.

Chinese power enterprises, with thermal power generation is the main business of Shanghai electric power in Japan operates the photovoltaic power station. Renewable energy business experienced Han is expected to enter Japan market will promote the market scale expansion of photovoltaic equipment.

Related business by Hina Hina group solar energy Asia (based in Hong Kong). The company will work with Japan enterprises, starting from the year construction of photovoltaic power stations. Then gradually increase the power station, and strive in 2015 with a total of 10,000-kilowatt of capacity. Plans to invest first 3 billion yen, will be followed by further increasing investment.

As China’s renewable energy giants, who not only have the 6 million-kilowatt hydro-electric power capacity in China, also operates wind turbines and photovoltaic power stations. 2013 who have acquired the United States MiaSole thin-film photovoltaic manufacturers, also on new photovoltaic power station in Qinghai province, plans to launch in 14 years.

In Japan the construction of power plants in China will be used in the production of highly efficient thin-film photovoltaic panels, the Panel also will be for sale in the future.

According to the analysis, in 2013, Japan accounted for more than 20% of the global PV market size over renewable power Germany ranks.

In the context of European photovoltaic power generation speed for slow, power purchasing price higher Japan has received more and more attention. Foreign-funded enterprises, Australia’s large investment firms, Macquarie Group and United States General Electric (GE) is also planned in Japan carry out large scale photovoltaic power station business.

Original title: China electricity in Japan PV business

2014 analysis of photovoltaic industry development in China

Polaris solar PV net news: PV industry in China under the influence of factors such as policy guidance and market-driven, the situation has improved, the market has steadily increased. In 2014, in case of further expansion in market demand, China PV industry continued to grow steadily, but remain under price pressure from oversupply.

The overall situation improved

By the end of 2013, polysilicon production enterprises in China from the beginning of the 7 up to 15, most of the battery shaft to turn them around.

Industry development gradually pick up, business conditions improve. In 2013, the global new PV installed capacity of 38.4GW, an increase of 20% full year polysilicon, component price up 47% and 8.7%, respectively. EU PV “double reverse” case reached a tentative solution, China’s South Korea poly-silicon “double reverse” make final awards, further improve the external environment. Domestic business was constantly getting better, by the end of 2013, polysilicon production enterprises increased to 15 and by 7 at the beginning, most batteries key to turn them around, mainly four-quarter gross profit margin more than 15%, and some positive full year net profits.

Steady growth in industrial scale, application level continues to increase. In 2013, the poly silicon productions from 84,000 tons, an increase of 18.3%; import 80,000 tons; about 27GW solar module production, with a global share of more than 60%, an increase of 13%; 16GW in exports, exports were $ 12.7 billion. Rapid growth of the domestic market, new installed capacity ultra-12GW, cumulative installed capacity beyond 20GW, battery domestic sales ratio increased to 43% from 15% in 2010. Manufacturing industry-wide sales of 323 billion yuan of 209 billion yuan, system integration of 114 billion yuan.

Blind momentum slowed, industry concentration gradually increase. Guided by the policy and market changes affecting industrial sprawl must be cracked, many enterprises to increase the intensity of internal improvement, some backward production capacity to start withdrawing. Meanwhile, some of the merger and reorganization of enterprises will increasingly strong, appeared more than major mergers. First issued by the Ministry of industry and information technology, in line with conditions of the PV manufacturing industry codes list to see its 2013 polysilicon, silicon wafers, PV module, respectively, and 85.7% and 74% of the total national employee and sales accounting for photovoltaic industry, 58% and 78%. In 2013, the top 10 photovoltaic material sales revenue 23.6%, 63.6% per cent of the top 50 sales, the industry has developed gradually into the Eastern Jiangsu and Zhejiang, Anhui and Jiangxi provinces in Central, and Western and Northern Mongolia, Qinghai, Hebei, regional concentration.

Technology continued to improve, driven by innovation effect. Backbone enterprises in China has acquired million-ton polysilicon and crystalline silicon solar battery is a full-service technology, photovoltaic equipment localization rate continues to increase. 2010 has, each thousand tons more crystal silicon investment declined 47%, each kg polysilicon integrated energy declined 35%, polysilicon Enterprise per capita years production rose 165%, backbone Enterprise Deputy product utilization rate up 99% above; each MW crystal silicon battery investment declined over 55%, each w battery consumption Silicon volume declined 25%, backbone Enterprise Crystal, and more crystal and the silicon base film battery conversion efficiency by 16.5%, and 16%, and 6% respectively increased to 19%, and 17.5%, and 10% ; Investment in photovoltaic systems has decreased from 25/9/w.

Need to be aware of is that China PV industry development although the overall situation has improved, but still faces many problems and should not be blindly optimistic. First, material, equipment, and other key remaining gap with foreign advanced level of technology, basic research needs to be strengthened. Second, funding and policy support, such as too much emphasis in the application link, insufficient research and development and technology support to the manufacturing sector. Third, the power grid and other relevant policy refinement had yet to be implemented. Four is the deterioration of the international trading environment remains possible. Overall, the current PV manufacturing losses have not fundamentally changed, from the long-term point of view, the industry still faces deep correction.

Scale as chain links

China poly silicon, wafers, cells and modules and photovoltaic industry continues to expand the scale, photovoltaic equipment industrial scale slightly depressed.

2013 polysilicon production in our country increased, start-up enterprises steadily increased. Annual polysilicon production reached 84600 tons, the highest in the world, consumed about 34% of global production, return to 2011 peak, compared with 71,000 tons in 2012, by 18%. By the end of 2013, the national number of polysilicon production enterprises had increased to 16, in the capacity of 144,000 tonnes, in 2013, the apparent consumption of 164,000 metric tons of polysilicon production in our country compared to the volume of exports + imports-poly silicon, there are gaps.

In 2013, the year polysilicon imports reached 80654 tons, compared with generally flat, remained at a high level. Polysilicon-importing countries focused on Germany and the United States and Korea, respectively import 26,000 tons of polysilicon, 22,000 tons and 21,000 tons, 3 countries polysilicon imports accounted for more than 86.8%.

2013 wafer scale continues to expand in China. According to incomplete statistics, national 93 Home silicon ingots Enterprise total can reached 253,000 tons, total about 131,400 tons, compared with growth 5%; Silicon Rod annual can reached near 74,000 tons, total reached 41,000 tons, compared with growth 28%; wafer total can reached 10.3 billion tablets, production reached 7.2 billion tablets, national wafer total about for 29.5GW, and last year earlier of 26GW compared to, growth 13%, global accounted for than reached 75%.

From a business development perspective, China’s 10 largest wafer capacity reached 26.4GW, accounting for 64% of the total national capacity, production was around 21.52GW, some 73% of the country’s total output, capacity concentration is much higher than cell and module link.

Wafer exports increased in China in 2013, China’s exports reached US $ 1.694 billion silicon wafer, the export volume of about 7GW. Silicon chip to about 705 million dollars in exports, exports of 2.5GW, per cent of the total export volume of 36%.

2013 solar cell production scale expanded further, 42GW capacity, production reached 25.1GW. From 2012, the growth rate is about 20%, and accounted for 62% of the total global production, ranked top in the world. In terms of battery types, still dominated by multi, compared to about 78%. National capacity of about 42GW, module production reached 27.4GW, an increase of 19.1%, global production of about 63.7%.

In terms of industry concentration, my top 10 production 12GW, about the country’s total output of 52%. Hebei Yingli solar cell and module production are among the top in the world, Changzhou Tianhe’s cell and module production is second largest in the world. From our production distribution, the larger span, first known as Yingli 3.1GW, tenth Tai is about 0.7GW, averages 1.45GW.

In 2013, the solar module exports, 16.7GW, decreased 11.1% compared with 2012; about US $ 10.15 billion in exports, down 20%. In terms of regional distribution of exports, Asia has become China’s major export regions of solar cell, above 45% per cent of European exports continued to decline, down to 30%; exports accounted for approximately 14% in North America.

PV equipment industry in China despite the downstream components manufacturer Crisci, 2013, shipments rose sharply, but by a component transfer to the upstream equipment needs of relatively slow, 2013 scale PV equipment industry is slightly weak in China, continued to slide sharply. Overall, the 2013 our PV equipment industry’s total revenue of approximately 2.1 billion yuan, down 60%. Among them, the polysilicon link was about 800 million dollars, accounted for the total amount of 40%; Silicon ingot/wafer is approximately 500 million RMB; cell and module link 300 million Yuan and 500 million Yuan, respectively.

PV equipment-related companies nationwide reached more than 80 companies, employing more than 8000 people. Major equipment businesses, jiejia ranked revenue of about 200 million Yuan. Other photovoltaic equipment sales are concentrated on the 100 million ~2 billion yuan. Top 10 companies with total revenues of 1.37 billion yuan, photovoltaic equipment total revenues of about 65.2%.

According to statistics from China PV industry association in 2013, our new PV installed capacity reached 12GW, rose 166.7%, as the world’s largest market for PV applications, cumulative installed capacity close to 20GW, behind Germany ranked second in the world, when the annual cumulative PV power capacity reached 9 billion-kilowatt. 2013 solar power station installed capacity 12.1GW, distributed PV installed capacity 0.8GW.

Photovoltaic power plant, according to statistics from the National Energy Board in 2013, new grid-connected PV power station project is 468, new grid-connected projects installed capacity 12.1GW. 3842MW grid-connected photovoltaic power plant in Gansu province added capacity, higher ranks first among China’s provinces, accounted for more than 30% of the country.

Distributed PV connection, according to statistics from the National Energy Board, in 2013, China distributed PV new grid-connected capacity of 800MW. The end of 2013, distributed grid-connected PV cumulative capacity up to 3.1GW, mainly in the concentrations of power load in the eastern region. East China and North China today grid-connected capacity of 490MW and 1450MW, respectively, accounting for 60% of distributed PV. Top 3 provinces of Zhejiang, Hunan and Guangdong, respectively.

Growth in 2014 and the pressure

Solar industry polysilicon demand appears greater solar module output continues to grow, the photovoltaic market continued to expand, and so on.

PV industry in China after sustained losses during 2011 and 2012, and finally in 2013 for reverse hits, mainly photovoltaic companies achieve profitability, operating condition has been greatly improved. In 2013, the Government attaches great importance to PV industry in China, the State Council issued a Declaration on promoting healthy development of PV industry in China’s opinions and related documents have been adopted to implement, involving the largest central European PV trade disputes to reconciliation, which laid a solid foundation for industry out of trouble. Looking forward to 2014, photovoltaic industry will face a complex and changeable situations at home and abroad, PV-intensive introduction of the policy brought about by the positive, and uncertainty and further imbalance between supply and demand in the international market, such as adverse factors present challenges.

In terms of polycrystalline silicon, with the expansion of markets and raw materials, market demand for polysilicon is also improving. In addition, the world’s new production capacity and capacity utilization rate of return rose expected global production of about 280,000 tons, compared with a slight increase. About 110,000 tons of polysilicon production in China, production is concentrated in Jiangsu zhongneng, TBEA, daqo new energy firms. But because polysilicon products through processing trade abroad to avoid “double reverse” duties, continued low prices against our country, as well as increasing market supply and continuing decline in polysilicon production costs and other factors, is expected in 2014 product prices will remain at around 21 USD/kg, enterprises remain under price pressure.

In terms of battery components, along with the general improvement of the industry as a result of falling component prices make solar power cost and closer to even reach parity, expects global production continued to show growth, up to 43GW for the full year. PV modules in China is expected to exceed 30GW, industry concentration improved further. But because of polysilicon raw material, such as third-party solar cell prices, as well as the uncertainty in overseas markets, enterprises will also benefit from business pressures. Part of the spare production capacity have started industries will withstand the pressures of supply and demand.

Application markets, photovoltaic power generation costs continued to decline, the policy of continuous positive and favourable factors such as rapid rise in emerging markets, driven by the global PV market will continue to expand. Expected in 2014, the global PV installed capacity will reach 43GW, China will achieve 14GW, 8GW, distributed generation about 6GW of large-scale power station. But due to the power grid construction planning has not come on and power plant approval authority, local governments in pursuit of maximizing the interests of local fear to photovoltaic power plant construction and power grid construction and harmony and breeds problems such as power up light. In addition, the DG business model is not yet mature, more potential risk, large-scale promotion of resistance is still large.

PV policy, related ministries will have to implement that policy, through the expansion of domestic market and standardize the industry, promote technological progress combined to push for industrial development. It should be noted, and intensive policy can easily lead to the Government’s reach is long and cause side effects, if the implementation is not in place, out of place or distort the implementation process will easily become counterproductive, less is more.

2014 to good overall development of PV industry in China, but will remain under price pressure from oversupply. While industry will maintain steady growth, domestic PV market started on a large scale, but due to spare capacity of production and new capacity on stream, industry could face a new round of phased situation of excess production capacity, industry consolidation push still more difficult, market supply and demand pressures persist, businesses operating pressure is not reduced, together with external trade uncertainty, transformation and upgrading of industries face greater pressure.

Overview of global PV industry chain development

2013 global industry keeps growing and production capacity reached 387,000 tons, about 246,000 tons, an increase of 5.1%, increase focused mainly on solar grade silicon. Electronic grade poly silicon productions from about 26,000 tons, demand for about 25,000 tons, the production was concentrated in the United States, and Germany and Japan and a few other polysilicon manufacturers. Polysilicon production form a 4-state separation situation. In 2013, with 84,000 tonnes of ranked, United States at 59,000 tons came in second, followed by Germany, and Korea and Japan respectively to 46,000 tons, 41,000 tons and 13,000 tons. Global poly silicon industry concentration degree qugao, the world’s top 10 enterprises total capacity to nearly 278,000 tons of polycrystalline silicon, production of 215,000 tons, global production of about 87.7%.

2013 global wafer industry continues to expand the scale, global wafer capacity exceeded 57GW. Among them, the County around 40GW, China’s Taiwan is about 4.5GW. In addition, Europe is about 4GW. Global annual production was around 39GW, up 8.3%. Among them, about 29.5GW County, China Taiwan about 4GW. In addition, Korea ~ 1.6GW, ~ 1.2GW of Europe. From the perspective of developing regional and growing concentration of global shipments in Asia, Asia wafer capacity reached 52GW accounted for 91% of the world, production was around 37.7GW, accounting for about 97%. From the perspective of manufacturers, the top 10 of the world’s largest wafer capacity reached 26GW, production reached 23.1GW, 60% per cent of global production, industry concentration ratio continues to rise.

2013 global solar cell production capacity to maintain the momentum of growth, capacity of more than 63GW do not contain thin film solar cell production reached 40.3GW. From 2012, an increase of 7.5%, multi and monocrystalline silicon cell ratio is about 3:1. Development trend of solar cells is increasing, but in recent years has leveled off. From the perspective of developing regional, County 25.1GW output ranked first in the world, accounted for 63% of the total global production. China Taiwan and other regions of crystalline silicon solar cell production increased 55%, to 8.5GW, the second largest in the world. From the perspective of manufacturers, primarily 10 companies worldwide battery capacity up to 20GW, global production of about 33.3%, about 16.3GW, global production of about 40.7%, an increase of 2%.

Solar module production is still maintaining fast economic growth. 2013 a global capacity of more than 65GW, production reached 41.4GW, an increase of 11.3%. Area, China remains the largest producers of solar modules, production reached 27.4GW, is mainly crystalline silicon cell to 3.8GW production ranks second in Europe; Japan took third spot with production of about 3.5GW. From the perspective of industry concentration, global production top 10 production 16.3GW, accounted for 41.6%, up 2.5%, the top 10 companies were more than 1.1GW. Top 10 enterprise, China accounts for 6 seats, the United States occupied 2 seats. From the perspective of global shipments, top 10 Enterprise shipments reached 18.1GW, compared with yields of about high 1.9GW, shipments are largest for China’s Yingli to 3.23GW, followed by Trina, shipments to reach 2.5GW. In the top 10 companies, China 6, Japan occupied 2 seats, the United States and Korea each accounted for 1.

In 2013, the global thin film solar cell production is about 3660MW, an increase of 3.7%, 9% of the global PV module production, continue to fall slightly. From the perspective of enterprise, global thin film solar cell production is concentrated in CdTe cells as the representative FirstSolar, represented by CIGS cells, SolarFrontier, and represented by thin film silicon, hanergy holding company. In 2013, the 3 companies total 69.2% of global thin film solar cell production. From the perspective of product type, thin film silicon solar battery 500MW,CIGS about 1500MW,CdTe about 1660MW. From the perspective of regional distribution in mainland China about 260MW thin film solar cell production, down 35%, Japan shipments of thin film solar cell is 1011.7MW, an increase of 172.7%.

In 2012, the global photovoltaic industry overcapacity, PV equipment industry sales continue to slide to $ 1.75 billion, down 51.4%, record new orders of less than $ 1 billion. As the global PV market growth resumes, PV production line automation and fill a gap, as well as some manufacturers expand capacity will contribute to equipment vendor revenue rebounded. Solarbuzz research reports indicate that solar PV manufacturer’s equipment spending will start in 2015, enters a new phase. By 2017, the PV equipment spending and could even reach $ 10 billion.

In 2013, the rapid development of global PV Application market, the annual installed capacity reached 38.4GW, an increase of 20%, growth from 2012 to rebound sharply. Japan PV market explosion, 2013 global PV installed capacity market focus is accelerating towards Asia. In 2013, the new PV installed capacity up to 12.9GW, China, as the world’s largest market for PV applications; Japan throughout the new PV installed capacity up to 6.8GW, an increase of 300%; United States also maintained a fast growth, ranked third in the world. In contrast, Europe PV installed capacity dropped significantly throughout the year about 10.5GW, fell by as much as 40%, percentage of worldwide installed capacity in Europe also dropped sharply to 28%, accounting for the first time in nearly 5 years less than 50%.

Original title: 2014 analysis of photovoltaic industry development in China

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Boston, Cambridge began using solar-powered smart charge bench inside the Park (map)

Polaris solar PV net news: now, some park benches in Boston are no longer just to rest in public infrastructure, in addition it has the ability to charge electronic devices, tracking features such as ambient noise level, observing the weather. A few days ago, derived from the MIT Media Lab brings such a device company – ChangingEnvironments, known as Soofa.


Solar-Powered Smart charge bench

Users can charge for their electronic devices through the USB interface, and it also can collect the noise level and air quality and other environmental data.

It is reported that the first Soofa have been in Boston, Cambridge, multiple deployments within the Park. On corresponding Web site that people can understand that these benches provide recharging services, average daily traffic and environment data and other information.

ChangingEnvironments co-founder JuttaFriedrichs said: “we want to activate the city again, and bring about a new social network to share experiences. Computer to get people off the streets. We assume Soofa as a piece of magnet that attracts people to the outdoors, when they read outdoors news, sharing videos or sending messages without worrying about battery depleting the question. ”

Original title: Boston, Cambridge Park started using solar-powered smart charge bench

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Zhongyang Zhang jiakou 64MW trough solar thermal power plant Foundation

Polaris solar PV net news: on July 6, the Beijing army investment management limited (hereinafter “national army”) investment development 64MW trough the construction of solar thermal power generation project Cha North management area in Zhangjiakou of Hebei province held a foundation laying ceremony. This will mark the first large-scale commercial solar thermal power plant project started construction.

Photo: project groundbreaking ceremony

Counselors researcher Xiaodong Xu, Director of the Beijing University of technology, the Ministry of education key laboratory of heat transfer and energy saving Ma chongfang, Yang Yurong, Chairman of national army and other relevant leaders and experts attending the ceremony.

Photo: project site is flat

According to reporter understanding, the project by country voted army security funding subsidiary “Yang Zhangjiakou Cha North energy limited” development construction, project location Yu Hebei Zhangjiakou Cha North admin area north of about 15 km, intends introduction international leading of slot type light hot power technology, configuration 16 hours of super long melt salt storage hot system, will can achieved 24 hours continued stable power, years power hours number can up 5,470 hours, years electricity up to 350 million degrees.

Photo: leadership Foundation for projects

Yang Yurong said at the ceremony that “the project is currently the largest solar thermal power plant, with a total investment of 1.8 billion yuan, covers an area of 4300 acres. Project construction period is 24 months, construction of two phases, the first phase of construction for the use of office facilities and a 1MW solar thermal power plant, built and put into operation a plan within 6 months; this 64MW power plant phase II construction, project duration is 24 months. ”

Army Deputy General Manager Fan Genxi explained to reporters that “the 1MW compact power plant construction is to for the second-phase construction of large power plant construction to provide electricity, and as heat source of initial startup of 64MW power station, also has a certain model, allows the construction of smaller projects to accumulate more practical experience, for the 64MW power station to provide important reference and reference. ”

Yang Yurong stressed: “the project for the development of solar thermal power generation industry in China to build large-scale production research and development platform to help breakthrough in key technologies such as systems integration, Chu Re, for our country’s future lay the Foundation to build a large-scale solar-thermal power stations. The large solar thermal power station is under construction at the same time, we also want to build large solar greenhouse, using waste heat from power-assisted agricultural production, secondary agricultural and sideline products processing, and so on, form the ecological development of large-scale industrial chain. ”

Xiaodong Xu said at the foundation stone laying ceremony, “solar-thermal power generation is a traditional characteristic of renewable sources of energy, is a high quality adjustable power supply, which is not available in other renewable energy advantages. There is under large-scale development of solar and wind power, are generating intermittent faults, is uncontrollable, and the solar-thermal power generation without any of these shortcomings, it determines its network will play an important role in the future. ”

Ma chongfang said Friday that “after a stint in the large-scale development of wind power and photovoltaic, next wave of new energy development should be solar thermal power generation, this generation’s great advantage is its long life, low cost, high capacity to store energy in order to achieve sustainable power generation. Development of solar-thermal power generation will be able to burn a lot of steel, glass, cement, and real estate industry a lot of absorptive material, therefore, large-scale development of solar-thermal power generation will likely replace real estate, become the new locomotive driving economic development in China. Meanwhile, involved in solar-thermal power generation of thermal, mechanical and chemical methods and techniques, China has a very good foundation, I believe we can use this technology to do the better quality and lower costs than other countries. ”

Project financing is necessary for solar-thermal power station successfully developed. Hisense Wu Zengsheng, Chairman of a company limited by guarantee of financing on the project site, told reporters, “we will offer 5 billion yuan in financing for renewable energy projects secured lines in order to support the development of renewable energy industries. ”

This project is the second on July 1 China Guangdong Nuclear Delhi 50MW solar-thermal power station after the official start, just another commercial solar-thermal power station project officially started construction. Multiple continuous response to the commencement of the commercial solar-thermal power project has begun the domestic solar thermal power generation market as a whole warmed up. Although solar-thermal power generation demonstration guide pricing has not yet been formally announced, but apparently is sensitive to the smell of hot practitioners “Spring” atmosphere, began to accelerate projects in progress.

Original title: zhongyang 64MW trough solar thermal power station in Zhangjiakou Foundation

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Tesla patents publicly why Chinese companies do not buy it?

Polaris solar PV net news: musk says “Super charging stations can be independent of the power grid”, but this statement was interpreted by the media quickly Tesla will bypass the State grid, self charging service.

Tesla dispute back once again to attract the public’s attention. On June 12, Tesla Chief Executive Officer Elon ˙ musk, announced at the news conference, public patent information held by it for use by other businesses and individuals, including automotive batteries and Chargers-related patents.

Some experts believe that “Tesla’s Super charging standard is not only different from China ‘s, and the United States, European standards are not the same. This is the development of its biggest challenge. Musk’s open patent a forced move to open patents to snatch the industry standard. ”

Others believe, the business world there has a Lei? ” Tesla currently has just announced a vague concept, but is sure is that any one company will not selflessly contribute their core technology. ”

It was also felt that, Tesla open patent objective will accelerate the development of electric vehicles, reducing trade barriers, but will strengthen rather than weaken the leadership of Tesla.

Some people may think that, once the patent has been used by other car companies, the commercial interests of the non-patent part of the transfer of technology is enormous.

Tesla publicly behind the patented complex reactions around the country, why is China Enterprise do not buy it?

Tesla charging station or exploit them?

China’s electric car industry is beginning to take shape, multiple backbone enterprises have been listed, and product standards have become a fixed pattern, will on its own market quickly rolled out charging and thoughtful service, therefore will not be charged, and so on are controlled by others.

Right now, in terms of electric vehicle charging port has three standard, namely the United States, European IEC62196-1:2003 standards and SAEJ1772 standards of Japan JEVS DC charging standards. Mainland China implemented on March 1, 2012, the “electric vehicle charging port”, 3 GB, it was explained: part one “common technical standards,” according to the European standard. The second part “AC charging port” look from interface definition is similar to Europe, judging from the control pilot circuit and the United States are similar. The third part of “DC charging port” on the contact number and function interface with Japan similar to standard (currently United States and the European Union are also working on DC charging port standard).

Tesla’s standards, is an independent standard in China and United States standards, Tesla charging station can recharge the Tesla brand models, unusable for other brand electric vehicle charging, so domestic companies interested in such patent is not. Mr MASKEY has long recognized this problem, he declared that “Tesla charging system will not be completely closed.”

However, the United States media reported that Mr MASKEY reiterated: “Tesla would be happy to share Super charging network with other automakers, but the vehicle needs to meet the criteria for Super Chargers, requiring automakers to accept our business model does not charge charging fees. “That said, Tesla charging technology and” one size fits all “and change the electric-car technology itself, let alone who can receive free of charge mode.

But the formation of this situation, there are objective reasons. With the wave of electric cars, various countries have begun to develop standards for electric vehicles and charging standards, but usually later than the Tesla’s technology. In 2009, Tesla established a relatively complete system of product technology and charging system. Starting in 2012 in accordance with its own charging standards of mass building Super charging stations.

Technical standards and “GB” is inconsistent

Tesla in China after the project failed to get support from the national grid. Build their own charging stations and charging posts, can attach themselves to the social isolation and new energy market, China closed, future product sales of larger, farther from China’s new energy society, unable to fit in, high costs, difficulties in advance, will inevitably feel isolated. Technical standards and national “GB” are not the same, musk only to face two choices: one is to change their standards, giving up ten years of accumulated technology with the Chinese “GB”; the second is wooing other companies to form market standards, against the “GB”.

Currently, Tesla has opened 97 in North America “Super charging stations” to ensure that vehicle owners can be opened all the way from the East Coast to the West Coast, the station uses solar power. Actually using solar power is the most desirable models. If the power supply, electric cars would be difficult to achieve environmental results.

However, this way of quickly and effectively solve the problem of charging, but encountered various difficulties in China. Mr MASKEY said the “Super charging stations available independent of the grid”, but this statement was interpreted by the media quickly Tesla will bypass the State grid, self charging service, national grid, of course, very angry.

On May 19, the national grid launch “2014 Intercity fast highway network construction project”, these devices are not compatible with the Tesla charging station models. National grid’s move, also known insiders interpreted as a Tesla “snippy” powerful counterattack.

A few years ago, the monopoly of the State power grid would also like to achieve charging station franchise, becoming the biggest supplier of transportation energy, industry experts even predict future profit rate comparable to the printing presses of the charging station. So has channel advantage of Sinopec also added to the charging station-building camp.

But a few years down the charging station does not give expected benefits to operators, has become a hot potato. China Southern power grid had disclosed to the media in Shenzhen, said the Office in the field of electric vehicle charging annual losses of up to 13 million dollars. Due to electric-car sales stalled, led charging station a large number of vacant, the utilization rate is very low, charging market oversupply. On the premise of new-car sales are tiny, charging facilities for investment must be loss-making, loss-making business is certainly not willing to do business.

Battery technology is not open

However, not all businesses are impervious to the Tesla patents. It is understood that the charging station construction and operation costs, China remains high, if Tesla’s patented technology, effectively controlling charging station construction and operation costs, you can ensure that charging facilities enter a virtuous circle.

Tesla’s Super charging and battery technology is worth learning, not all companies are indifferent to these handy patented technology. With the localization of production of Tesla, charging facilities and businesses share, as well as open to all royalty free combination linkage, believe the company is hard to resist.

However, Tesla did not express to open the battery control technology. In my opinion, the Tesla has a unique personality, and created an entirely new business models, and internal reference. Tesla’s own charging systems and deserves study of domestic enterprises.

Tesla to provide vehicle owners with free wall charger and building “Super charging station” and start the “destination charge” project, the investment in Tesla charging equipment, property developer to provide car parking spaces, maintenance and electricity, are free of charge for owners of service.

Tesla Vice President Wu Bi瑄, “says destination charge” mode allows the charging and maintenance services more convenient for Tesla added in a charging mode. Recently the Tesla group and INtime and SOHO China announced a strategic partnership, silver Thai business in general merchandise stores and real estate projects construction, owned by over 40 Tesla dedicated charging spaces located in Beijing, Hangzhou, Chengdu and other cities in more than 30. Wangjing SOHO has 9 charging, charge a Tesla in China will become the largest destination. Tesla owners be parked in special parking spaces, in addition to shopping and Office to easily complete the charging process, both to ensure the convenience of commuting in the city, also brought opportunities for merchants.

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Tesla was behind the cold

Cooperation with foreign car makers are busy

Tesla open patent fuss about the domestic public opinion overseas automobile manufacturers seized the opportunity. According to media reports, as Tesla’s main competitor, Nissan and BMW intends to negotiate with the Tesla, to build charging networks. Nissan and BMW you’ve always wanted in cooperation talks with Tesla charging network, and want to build electric-vehicle charging uniform global standards.

BMW has said that company managers meeting and Tesla executives, consultations on cooperation in promoting electric vehicles. Nissan, BMW and Tesla battery-electric car sales of the three companies accounted for 80% of the world, such shares can not be ignored. BMW is planning a big expansion of I-series electric by 2020 will be more than 100,000 cars a year. Nissan plans to sell 1.5 million electric vehicles. Tesla plans to sell 500,000 electric cars a year.

Tesla also cooperates with other auto makers, Toyota owns 2.4% shares of Tesla, Tesla 4.3% owned by Daimler, Tesla to provide batteries to Toyota and Daimler. Daimler CEO Dieter Zetsche said, and hopes to deepen cooperation with Tesla.

Original title: Tesla patents publicly why Chinese companies do not buy it?

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Jiangsu wind power, photovoltaic approval or registration process

Polaris solar PV net news: national renewable energy project approval authority devolved on 2, namely, business investment in non-major rivers on the hydropower project examination and approval, corporate investment in the construction of the wind power projects approved. Meanwhile, according to the National Energy Board of the distributed generation project interim measures for the administration of the provincial energy departments according to the provisions on administration of investment project of the State Council for PV power plant project management.

According to Jiangsu Province related provides, enterprise investment in non-main river Shang construction of hydropower station project, and enterprise investment access 110,000 v following voltage grade grid and scale 6 MW following wind station project decentralization to city level energy competent sector approved; enterprise investment distributed PV power project, and enterprise investment 6 MW following Access 10,000 v following voltage grade grid of PV station project decentralization to city level energy competent sector record. Other countries delegated project authority exercised by the provincial Department in charge of energy.

Specific implementation in the, on into national and province total scale within of grid PV station project, in completed planning, and ring assessment, and Ann assessment, and fire, and can assessment, Qian reset sex approval Hou, according to provides respectively by provincial or city level energy competent sector implementation record; on into national and province total scale within of distributed PV power project, in provides has qualification units issued of load review proved, and housing property proved, material Hou, by city level energy competent sector implementation record.

Wind power project approval authority exercised by the provincial or city-level energy departments, specific procedures and refer to the following figure.

Original title: the wind power, photovoltaic approval or registration process

Central equity signed a strategic partnership agreement with the left banner, proposed 1GW solar power station

Polaris solar PV net news:) on July 7, the Central stake said in a statement, company subsidiary central energy (Inner Mongolia) limited and the alashan Government on a voluntary basis, based on the principles of equality, mutual benefit, after consulting with central energy investments in alashan League Government agree on construction of solar PV power plant project, signed to the alashan solar efficient photovoltaic power generation project strategic cooperation agreement.

Under the agreement, the shares will be in the territory of alashan League, central building a 1GW solar PV power plant project, projects a unified plan, phased construction approach to the implementation.

Central stake said left banner, will be incorporated in the project company, it is responsible for the construction of photovoltaic power stations. On the operation mode of power plant including but not limited to, cooperative operations and project companies ‘ proprietary models will be sold. ALXA zuoqi power station project is part of the company in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, planning of new energy power plants, the layout of the project has been actively promoting the company’s new energy industry, promotes the development of new energy industry in Inner Mongolia.

Original title: Central stock signed a strategic partnership agreement with the left banner, 1GW proposed PV plants

Xemc shares its parent company has provincial approval of reform plans within 3 years overall listing

Polaris solar PV net news: June 20, 2013 annual Conference xemc shares, at the meeting, an official of the company said, its parent company, Xiangtan electric Group programme of reform of State-owned enterprises by Hunan provincial State-owned assets supervision audit, are currently reported to the Hunan provincial party Committee for examination and approval. Approval is completed, Hunan electric group will gradually implement reform programmes, is expected to be completed within 3 years the overall market.

In addition, directional add-issuance programme adopted at the general meeting of shareholders of the company. Xemc shares intends to raise $ 1.7 billion yuan, advancing electric drive system of high-voltage energy efficient motors, high-end equipment development and application.

It is worth mentioning that, Hunan, Hunan electric group of controlling shareholders of shares + cash + land assets in debt securities will be taken private, Range Rover into a directional add-issuance of shares for 30%. Market analysis, which is xemc group as a whole to be ready for the future.

Earlier, reporters from the Hunan SASAC noted that, Hunan, Hunan reform of State-owned power group has been listed as one of the first batch of pilot companies, the reform programme and the implementation of the road will serve as a benchmark model of State-owned enterprises in Hunan.

In early April this year, Hunan Province issued the opinions on further deepening the reform of State-owned enterprises, puts further deepening the reform of State-owned enterprise of Hunan road map and timetable.

According to the Hunan provincial State-owned assets supervision requirements, breakthrough in this round of reform of State-owned enterprises in Hunan province are developing mixed ownership economy, hitting General Manager salary system reform, employee stock ownership, property rights, and many other “sensitive” issues. It is reported that according to the “business case” principle, majority group is developing a programme for reform of State-owned enterprises in Hunan province.

According to these sources, the reform direction of Hunan power group will gradually withdraw from non-core areas, in accordance with the national requirements implementing of mixed ownership. It is understood that the xemc group main 70% in Hunan electric shares, including core manufacturing supplies will be gradually injected into the listed companies, hospitals, schools and other tertiary industries will gradually split, followed by completion of the overall market.

Original title: xemc shares its parent company has provincial approval of reform plans within 3 years overall listing

Thin-film solar applications promote good varieties of rare metals

Arctic star solar PV network news: since July 2013 State on promoting PV industry health development of several views [country sent (2013) 24th,] and distributed power management provisional approach [sent modified energy (2013) 1381th,] of two copies file released yilai, film PV industry fast development, related of based material needs increased, especially indium, and SE, and gallium, and TE, rare small metal varieties benefit obviously.

Thin-film solar applications currently on the market a wide range of mainly Copper-Indium-Gallium-selenium (CIGS) thin-film solar, cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin-film solar and thin film silicon solar into three categories. Photoelectric conversion efficiency, according to a combination of factors such as production costs, technological advances of space considerations, the first two are by far the most development potential and advantages.

Over a year, global thin film solar PV development in full swing. From North to South, from home and abroad, from the rural village to the world’s top investors, gaining more and more attention to development of thin film PV.

Hong Xiao Cun, yuanhua town, Haining city, Zhejiang Province, on June 18, on top of the village Committee office building, new 10-kilowatt solar photovoltaic power generation equipment are up and running, generating about 20 degrees a day on average, and can basically meet the lighting needs of the service centres and the surrounding roads for the convenience. Village Party Secretary shu Cheng Xiang said: “less than half a month, generating 284.7, back to power of 122 degrees. ”

Is located in northwest of Qinghai province, recently reported, total investment 2.6 billion yuan of Qinghai Han can 300 MW Copper Indium Gallium SE (CIGS) film solar line project, has cumulative completed investment 1.8 billion yuan, plans Yu this year end of for try production work; in China South of Jiangsu Zhenjiang, June 28, investment 2.5 billion yuan of Jiangsu Ding Sanyo Energy limited Copper Indium Gallium SE (CIGS) film solar project starts. Project covers an area of 168 hectares, is intended to introduce 4 Germany production lines, annual production capacity of 240 megawatts of solar cells is expected production with annual sales of around 1 billion yuan, with annual profits of more than 10 million Yuan.

A few days ago, Chinese solar energy Group Limited’s announcement, suggested that the company name from “Chinese solar energy Group Co Ltd” is changed to “Chinese films the generation group limited”. Hina solar daimingfang, Deputy Chairman and Chief Executive, said: “this proposed name change, aims to further transfer Group specializes in thin film solar power generation industry’s long-term vision, while fully reflect the company’s current and future business development. “As the largest thin-film solar companies in the country, Hina was renamed action has special significance for the development of the industry. Hina project has been out of the country, in the United Kingdom, Hina and the IKEA Group, it can save consumers half of electricity per year.

Action frequently since the solar energy business abroad this year, and on April 8 this year, world’s leading manufacturer of high-tech equipment Germany announced in Beijing the Manz group, line output to the solar PV market in China CIGS (Copper-Indium-Gallium-selenium) turnkey projects, including equipment and production technology for thin film solar cell production line. United States largest solar panel maker first solar announced in June, Chile million watt of output power is 141MW for the construction of photovoltaic power plant.

According to reports, the world’s top Investor Warren Buffett’s Rocky Mountain power company and United States Texas FirstWind recently signed a 20-year agreement, purchasing capacity of 320MW PV asset. June this is Buffett’s second acquisition of solar assets. In early June, Buffett made during the Las Vegas for the Edison Electric Institute’s annual symposium, Berkshire Hathaway, plans to move its investments in solar and wind power generation amount doubling from the current level of $ 15 billion to $ 30 billion.

From thin-film solar geographical breadth and depth of the participants, the development of industrial policy in the world, have prompted the PV industry into a fast lane. According to reports, in our country, by 2020, the architectural photovoltaic applications directly to the market size of more than 10 trillion yuan, annual electricity demand of about alternative 30%, reducing carbon dioxide emissions by about 1.3 billion tons. Indirectly fueling economic growth of up to 30 trillion yuan, a total of creating 4 trillion yuan fiscal, stability of employment created by conservative estimates there are 10 million ~2000 million. With the advancement of film technology, its market application areas will be much wider, becoming one of the engine of China’s sustainable development.

In the course of the development of thin-film solar, the importance of raw materials has become increasingly prominent. In the nation’s largest non-ferrous metal stock exchange–Pan-Asian non-ferrous Exchange, thin-film solar energy development based on raw materials of indium, gallium, selenium and tellurium have been traded. Under the influence of demand is expected to increase, most of the varieties in short supply are up. The future, with the development of industries, will get more attention from investors.

Original title: thin-film solar applications promote good varieties of rare metals

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Heraeus: PV silver market “private custom” experts

Polaris solar PV net news: ensure battery or stable condition, select the silver products are cost-effective, attractive for the solar cell maker, while the appearance of Heraeus, in addition to form a line of silver Enterprise competition, have helped to fill the needs of enterprises in this regard.

It is understood that 2011-2014, Heraeus has introduced the pulp product, product performance and 0.15% annual increase, each year will be the conversion efficiency of the battery 0.2%.

Heraeus-photovoltaic business unit Global General Manager Andreas Liebheit told Xinhua in an interview, “said Heraeus has been leading position in the innovation and development of solar cell metallization paste, the company not only develop products faster, the main thing is we are able to tailor the products according to customer needs. ”

In May 2014, 2014, held 20-22nd on SNEC PV power Expo Shanghai, Heraeus-photovoltaic Division showcased two new conventional and front of ultra-shallow doping launching-junction solar cell metallization paste–SOL9620 and SOL9621 series.

According to Andreas Liebheit introduction, SOL9620 series and SOL9621 series battery maker of silicon solar cell efficiency can be raised to the industry-leading level. Confirmed by customers, compared with commercially available best positive paste, using these new sizes of light launch Crystal (90-100 ω/sq) absolute conversion rate increases of 0.05%-0.2%. Ultra-light fired crystal glass, the effect is better, paste can render their best performance. In addition, the SOL9620 series and SOL9621 series sizes can make excellent contact with the light emitter junction silicon wafer. The SOL9620 series are designed for very light emitter junction (ULDE) effect, launching junction doping concentration on the surface below the 1×1020/cm3 shows good contact skills and SOL9621 series on LDE technology can show very good results, it provides the user with a flexible process Windows can reduce the production cost. Both for regular and Super shallow launching-junction solar cell size is based on the different needs of different customers, aimed at upgrading efficiency the battery can provide ongoing support.

It is reported that, since the beginning of 2013 Heraeus acquisition Ferro PV pulp business, Heraeus metallization paste successfully develop groundbreaking technologies to improve the efficiency of crystalline silicon solar cells, while the SOL9620 series and SOL9621 series sizing is based on the innovative technology to develop new products.

On February 6, 2013, Heraeus (Heraeus) and Ferro (Ferro) signed a merger agreement after the agreement is signed, solar cell maker, can be ordered from Heraeus Ferro company Solar pastes, and flow of all relevant core product the production, sale and technical service of all Heraeus was responsible for. Heraeus, through this merger from Ferro resources, including solar cell metal paste, such as intellectual property rights and core talent, after the merger of the Ferro company Solar pastes departments and business will cease to exist.

According to statistics, as at Heraeus acquired Ferro slurry before business, Heraeus electric pulp market share as high as 38%, Fluke 9%, two sides merged to Heraeus shares increased to 47% move aimed at consolidating the Heraeus electro-pulp business leadership and related intellectual property rights, open market share with DuPont 37%.

“In 2013, we acquired Ferro PV pulp Division, which makes us increased research and development capabilities and intellectual property rights. We constantly improve their ability to provide customers with design and application for all kinds of batteries the new metallization pastes. “Andreas Liebheit said. (Editorial Yuan Huizhen)

United States top residential photovoltaic installers to tighten controls on the market

Polaris solar PV net news: based on new data GTMResearch, second quarter of the year, United States top ten residential PV installations have increased their share of the market.

GTM update of the United States PV ranking, according to the sophisticated marketing strategies and existing customers on the momentum helps these largest corporate expansion.

GTM solar analyst Nicole • liweike (NicoleLitvak) said: “housing market in much of this growth can be attributed to the top installers, which not only has an effective sales strategy, but also from many existing customers have huge potential for featured. ”

Despite the market integration is a factor, liweike, said most large enterprises have been developing organically, rather than through acquisitions.

SolarCity and VivintSolar of the top two companies, accounting for 38% of the market as a whole, the entire top ten accounted for more than 50% shares.

GTMResearch recently predicted that with the increase of financing methods, including direct ownership to leasing program offers an alternative, expected United States housing market this year is expected to exceed 1GW.

Original title: United States top residential installers to tighten controls on the market