Polaris solar PV net news: to promote sustainable and healthy development of solar energy industry, speed up the diversified use of solar energy, promoting the building of a clean and low carbon, secure and efficient modern energy system, the National Energy Board issued a circular solar development “Thirteen-Five” plan. By the end of 2020, solar power installed capacity reached 110 million kW, of which, photovoltaic power installed capacity reached more than 105 million kW, in “Twelve-Five” annually to maintain stable development based on scale solar thermal power installed capacity up to 5 million-kilowatt. Solar thermal collector area reached 800 million square meters. By 2020, solar year reaching more than 140 million tons of standard coal.
In recent years, the rapid expansion of solar energy utilization scale, technological progress and industrial upgrading to speed up, significantly reduce the cost, has become an important field of global energy transition. The “Twelve-Five” period, our solar system and constantly improve technological progress significantly, photovoltaic manufacture and application of the scale are the highest in the world. Solar thermal power technology research and equipment manufacturing have made great progress, commercialization test project completed, preliminary conditions the scale of development. Solar thermal continuing stable development and to building heating, industrial heating and agriculture production applications.
“Thirteen-Five” will be a critical period for the development of the solar industry, basic task of industrial upgrading, reduce costs, expand the application, implementation does not rely on State-subsidized marketing self-sustainable development, achieving the 2020 and 2030, non-fossil energy accounted for the proportion of primary energy consumption 15% and 20% targets an important force.
According to the national economic and social development the 13th five-year plan, the energy development “Thirteen-Five” programme, the electric power development “Thirteen-Five” programme, the renewable energy development “Thirteen-Five” programme, developed a solar development “Thirteen-Five” programme, elaborated from 2016 to 2020 solar development guidelines, development objectives, priorities and measures. The plan is “Thirteen-Five” the fundamental basis for the development of solar energy industry in China.
Basis, development and situation
1, international development
With the concept of sustainable development in countries of the world people, rapid expansion of solar energy utilization in the world scale, advances in technology, cost is reduced, showing good prospects for development, solar energy as an important industry in many countries.
–Solar power more widely. PV entered the development stage, China, Europe, the United States, and Japan, such as traditional photovoltaic market continued to maintain rapid growth, Southeast Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and African regions such as photovoltaic power generation in emerging markets is also quick start. Development of the solar thermal power industry began to pick up speed, a large number of commercial solar thermal power projects have been built or are under construction, solar thermal power generation has an adjustable power supply potential. Solar thermal continues to expand applications, domestic hot water, heating and cooling and in industrial and agricultural production gradually spread.
–Solar power growth. By the end of 2015, the global solar power generation capacity has exceeded 230 million kilowatts, when installed over 53 million-kilowatt, 20% of the world’s new generation capacity. PV 2006-2015, the average annual growth rate of more than 40%, as the world’s fastest-growing energy; solar thermal power installed 4 million-kilowatt within 5 years, into the early stages of industrialization.
–Rapid improvement in the competitiveness of solar energy. With technological advances and expansion of PV industry, photovoltaic power generation costs and rapid growth in Europe, Japan, and Australia and other countries and areas of commercial and residential areas have achieved parity. After entering the early stages of industrialization on solar thermal power generation cost is reduced. Further improvement of the competitiveness of solar thermal market, solar water heaters are less expensive hot water supply, solar heating in Europe, the Americas and other regions with the economic feasibility.
–The solar industry driving the economy significantly. 2015 global PV market reached more than 500 billion yuan, about 3 million jobs, outstanding performance in promoting a new global economic development. Many countries focus on PV industry cultivation of strategic emerging industries and new sources of economic growth, have put in relevant industry development plan in PV technology development and industrialization of the increasing support, the global photovoltaic industry maintained strong growth momentum.
2, the domestic development present situation
The “Twelve-Five” period, the State Council issued the opinions on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry (national development (2013), 24th), photovoltaic industrial policy system gradually improved, made significant advances in PV technology, rapid expansion of markets. Solar thermal power technology and equipment to achieve a breakthrough, the first commercial operation of power station is put into operation, established the industrial chain. Solar thermal continuing stable development and expansion to the heating, refrigeration and heating industry and Agriculture and other fields.
–Rapid expansion of PV scale, gradually diversified market applications. National PV cumulative installed capacity 43.18 million-kilowatt 860,000-kilowatt growth from 2010 to 2015 in 2015, new installed capacity 15.13 million-kilowatt, cumulative installed capacity and annual installed capacity ranks top in the world. Photovoltaic applications form the Eastern, Central and Western development, both centralized and distributed patterns. Photovoltaic power generation and agriculture, aquaculture, ecological industry development mode innovation, has entered a new stage of diversification, scale development.
–PV manufacturing industry has improved continuously, continue to consolidate and strengthen the international competitiveness. The “Twelve-Five” period, China’s PV manufacturing compound annual growth rate of more than 33%, the output value reached 300 billion yuan, nearly 1.7 million to create jobs, new momentum for the development of the photovoltaic industry shows strong. 2015 polysilicon production of 165,000 tons, with a global market share of 48%; 46 million-kilowatt PV module production, with a global market share of 70%. PV products in the international market continues to expand, in the traditional European and American markets and emerging markets were dominant. Most of the key equipment of PV manufacturing in China have achieved localization and progressive introduction of intelligent manufacturing, in the leading level in the world.
–Rapid progress in photovoltaic technology, costs and falling prices. Chinese enterprises have mastered ton modified Siemens process polysilicon production technology, fluidized-bed method began industrial production of polysilicon. Advanced polysilicon production average comprehensive electricity consumption has fallen to 80kWh/kg, the production cost down to $10/kg, closed-loop process and full realization of Silicon tetrachloride pollution emissions. Monocrystalline and polycrystalline silicon cell conversion efficiency of 19.5% and 18.3%, respectively, are the world leading level, and an average annual rate of 0.4% continued to improve, polycrystalline silicon material, the cost of photovoltaic cells and modules has dropped significantly, PV system cost down to 7/watts, photovoltaic power generation costs “Twelve-Five” duration overall fell by more than 60%.
PV industrial policy–basic system, optimization of the development environment. On the basis of the renewable energy sources Act, in 2013, the State Council issued the opinions on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry, further from the prices, subsidies, taxes, multiple levels of grid-connected PV policy framework clearly, local governments have formulated policies and measures to support PV applications. Photovoltaic industry in the field of related materials, solar modules, photovoltaic power generation system and other standards continue to improve, industrial testing and certification system is gradually established, with the whole industry chain detection capabilities. Personnel training system has taken shape in the photovoltaic industry in China, and PV technical and management capacity in the areas of improved significantly.
–Solar thermal power plant to achieve breakthrough, preliminary industrial development Foundation. The “Twelve-Five” period, China’s larger breakthrough solar thermal power technology and equipment. Badaling 1 megawatt solar thermal power technology and system demonstration project was completed in 2012, 10,000-kilowatt Tower solar thermal generators in commercial operation of the first group to put into operation in 2013. Theoretical research on solar thermal power generation in China, technology development, equipment development and construction operation has accumulated some experience, the industrial chain formed, has the ability of industrialization.
–Solar thermal continues to expand the scale and expanding range of applications. Solar thermal industry formed a material, product, process, equipment, and making the whole industry chain, by the end of 2015, the national number of solar collector area reached 440 million square meters, annual production capacity and application of the scale are more than 70% of the world, for many years the global solar thermal product manufacturing and application status of the largest States. Solar heating, refrigeration and technology breakthroughs in areas such as industry and agriculture, and hot water to the diversification of production and areas of application range from life extension.
(B) the situation
“Thirteen-Five” is promoting economic restructuring, energy revolution, an important period of system and mechanism innovation, key stages in the upgrade is the solar industry, China’s solar industry rare development opportunities, also faces serious challenges.
1, development opportunities
–Macroeconomic policy environment provides opportunities for the solar industry. Since the party’s 18, national strategy for construction of ecological civilization in a prominent position, promoting energy production and consumption revolution became the core mission of energy development, established in China in around 2030 carbon dioxide emissions peak and the proportion of non-fossil energy in primary energy consumption increased to 20% basic goals of energy development. With the rapid development of new towns, building green loop of low carbon energy system is an inevitable requirement of social development, for the development of solar and other renewable energy provides a good social environment and a broad market space.
–Electric power system for solar energy development has added new impetus. New round of electric power system reform is being gradually liberalized electricity utility plan, priority power generation system, promoting marketing electricity side opening and price formation mechanism reform, building a modern competitive electric power market to the renewable energy development and equity participation in market transactions. Under the new conditions of electric power system, the market mechanism will be encouraged to improve power system flexibility, and gradually resolve conflict of interest problems of conventional and renewable sources of energy, expansion of new energy absorptive market, so as to promote the large-scale development of renewable energy such as solar power. With the reform of electricity sales, distributed generation will be more flexible and diversified way, distributed PV innovation through market mechanisms to solve the problems faced by developing and promoting the development of solar power market freedom.
–Global energy transition to solar power will provide a broad market space. At present, the global energy system is accelerating the transition to a low carbon and renewable energy scale use and cleaner conventional energy basic trend of the development of low carbon energy, accelerating the development of renewable energy has become a mainstream global energy transition. Global PV industry has entered a new phase of large-scale development, solar thermal applications are diversified structure. Solar energy availability and energy structure adjustment has a unique advantage, is more widely used on a global scale.
2, faces challenges
–High cost is still the major obstacles for the development of PV power generation. Although PV power price has sharply declined, but and coal-fired power price compared still partial high, in “Thirteen-Five” period on national subsidies rely on degree still high, PV power of non-technology cost has increased trend, ground PV power station of land rent, and tax, cost constantly rose, roof distributed PV of site rent also has rose pressure, financing cost drop limited even private enterprise financing cost not drop anti-rose problem highlight. Photovoltaic technology, reduce costs and non-technical costs must also force, in order to accelerate PV power cost and price decreases.
–Grid and eliminate still more restricted. Market mechanisms are not adapted solar power systems and power generation development, traditional energy and photovoltaic power generation fighting for power market in contradiction. Solar energy resources and land resources with the advantages of the Western region to abandon power serious local absorptive and delivery of market mechanisms and network operation and management constraints. Distributed solar power cannot yet take full advantage of in the eastern region, the current market mechanism cannot reflect the economic value of distributed power generation using the nearest limit large-scale development of distributed PV in urban middle and low voltage distribution network.
–PV industry faced pressures of international trade protection. With the rapid expansion of global PV market size, many national PV industry as a new economic growth point. States on the one hand in upstream production of raw materials, equipment manufacturing, new battery research and development efforts to increase technology research and development, international competition is more intense on the other, many countries and regions in the context of market competition to take protectionist measures of China’s photovoltaic products with competitive advantages in the global application constitute, and weakening of global cooperation in efforts to mitigate climate change.
–Solar thermal power industry capacity is weak. Solar thermal power generation in China has not been applied, in the design, construction, operation and maintenance link to lack of experience, in terms of core components and devices independent technological capability is not strong, industry chain need to be further improved. Meanwhile, solar thermal power generation cost compared to other renewable energy high, facing accelerated upgrading and greater pressure to reduce costs.
–Solar thermal industry is updating very slowly. In the “Twelve-Five” later, solar thermal market growth slows, traditional solar hot water application development bottleneck, the lack of new potential markets. Solar thermal industry solar heating, industrial heating low overall diversified applications, product development, system design and integration of technical ability, but also in new fields of application-related standards, testing, certification and other services need to be improved.
Second, guidelines and objectives
(A) of the guidelines
Implement party of 18 big and three in the, and four in the, and v, and six in the plenary spirit, to advance energy production and consumption revolution for total approach, conform to global energy transformation trend, to system mechanism reform innovation for opportunity, full implementation innovation drive strategy, accelerated technology progress and industry upgrade, continued reduced utilization cost, advance market conditions Xia of industrialization, and scale development, makes solar became promoted energy revolution of important power.
–Diversify and accelerate technological progress promoting photovoltaic power generation. Focusing on optimizing construction layouts, industrial progress and the advancement of economic and other development goals, local conditions promote the diversification of photovoltaic applications. Electric power system reform, promoting distributed PV in the East; integrated land and power market, and manpower development and the market to dissolve, orderly standard centralized PV power station construction. Through the competitive allocation of items to achieve optimal allocation of resources, the implementation of “leader” scheme, accelerating PV technological progress and industrial upgrading, and accelerating the Elimination of backward production capacity. Relying on the market to promote the manufacturing industry continued to improve skill levels, promoting the innovative development of industry-wide coordination, and constantly improve the management and service system of PV industry.
–Through demonstration projects to promote solar thermal power industry. Actively promote the construction of demonstration projects, sum up experience in construction and operation, establish policy and management system, improve the technical standards, promote the large-scale development of solar thermal power industry. Promoting the industrialization of various solar thermal power technology, established standards and certification testing services, promote the solar thermal power industry in our country to enter the international market and improve competitiveness.
–Continuing to expand solar thermal applications and markets. Build solar water heating market, promotion of heating and hot water, such as large-scale application in the field of industry and agriculture, expanding emerging markets such as refrigeration, seasonal thermal storage, diversified market. Greatly enhance research and development, manufacturing and system integration of innovation, enhance detection and experimental public service systems in industries such as the construction of the platform to form manufacturing, system integration, operations services balanced development of solar thermal utilization industry, forming technology leadership, the international industrial competitive advantage.
(B) basic principles
–Insist on coordinated large-scale use and industrial upgrading
To the large-scale use of solar energy to promote technological progress and industrial upgrading, and encourage enterprises to enhance independent research and development capacity, to technology as the core, promote key technological innovation, and comprehensively improve the industrial technology development and manufacturing capabilities, improve and upgrade solar power and solar thermal industry chain, accelerate the use of solar energy cost reductions, through the improvement of their competitiveness expand applications and scale.
–Adhere to market-oriented development and coordinated reform and innovation
Released through market-oriented reforms and enhance the new dynamics of innovation and development of solar energy industry, innovation to promote the use of solar energy electricity trading mechanisms to encourage solar power distributed, diversified, innovative development. Deepening the reform of institutional mechanisms to accelerate the implementation of innovation-driven development strategy, green development and innovation development organic integration, promote market-oriented financing mode reform and innovation to achieve coordinated development of industry and finance.
–Insist on coordinated development and market demand
Market-oriented, according to economic principles of optimal layout of solar power, solar power load and power distribution distribution and development mechanism for coordinated network planning. Priority support distributed development of photovoltaic power generation, focused on supporting distributed PV distributed access over low voltage distribution networks and close to dissolve. Promoting large-scale grid-connected solar power source network load coordination development, priorities, and expand the scope of absorptive.
–Insist on coordination upstream manufacturing and downstream applications
Upstream manufacture of solar energy industry in order to strengthen technological innovation, improve product quality, reduce costs, as the core task, creating the conditions for large-scale development and raw materials markets. Downstream market is the core task of innovation development, realization of scale models to promote quality and benefit mode changes to demand high standards for the imposition of upgrading the new dynamics in the upper reaches to achieve stereoscopic collaborative innovation development of upstream manufacturing and downstream markets.
(C) development goals
Continue to expand the scale of utilization of solar energy, and constantly increase the proportion of solar energy in the energy mix, promote solar technology, reduce the cost of solar energy. Improve solar energy utilization system of technical innovation and diversity, and provide a good market environment for the healthy development of the industry.
1, the development goals
By the end of 2020, solar power installed capacity reached 110 million kW, of which, photovoltaic power installed capacity reached more than 105 million kW, in “Twelve-Five” annually to maintain stable development based on scale solar thermal power installed capacity up to 5 million-kilowatt. Solar thermal collector area reached 800 million square meters. By 2020, solar year reaching more than 140 million tons of standard coal.
2, cost goals
Photovoltaic power generation costs continue to drop. By 2020, the PV electricity price level declining in 2015 on the basis of 50%, in the running to achieve parity goals; solar thermal power generation cost is lower than 0.8 Yuan/kWh, solar heating, industrial heating market.
3, technical progress goals
Advanced industrialization of crystal silicon PV cell conversion efficiency of more than 23%, thin film PV cell conversion efficiency of industrialization, industrialization of some preliminary new photovoltaic cell. Efficiency of photovoltaic systems significantly improve and realize intelligent maintenance. Improved efficiency of thermal power generation by solar energy, form the entire value chain integration capabilities.
Third, key tasks
In accordance with the “innovation, industrial upgrading, reduce costs, expand markets, improve the system of” general idea promotes photovoltaic diversified, actively promote the development of industrialization of solar thermal power, speed up the popularization of diversified solar thermal utilization.
(A) promotion of distributed PV and “PV +” application
1, pushing on the roof of distributed PV
Continuation of distributed PV Application demonstration area by 2020, build 100 demonstration zone of distributed PV applications, 80% of new buildings in the industrial park roof, 50% has been building roof-mounted photovoltaic power generation. The development conditions of the industrial park, economic development zone, large industrial and mining enterprises as well as shopping malls, schools, hospitals and other public buildings, to take “voluntary government guidance, Enterprise, financial support and social participation”, and implement unified planning rooftop PV projects. Solar energy resources high grid access to dissolve better in rural areas and small towns, promote the residents of rooftop PV project, combined with the construction of new town, old town renovation, relocation of new countryside construction, easy unified planning and construction, such as rooftop PV projects, resulted in a number of PV, PV, small town village.
2, expand “PV +” utilization projects
Encourage combination of barren hills and wasteland and shoaly land utilization, waste in coal mining areas of land management, agriculture, fisheries, aquaculture and other ways, according to local conditions of all types of “PV +” application engineering, promoting the integration of photovoltaic power generation and other industries, through the PV open up new ways for land use. Exploration various upgrade agricultural benefits of PV agricultural fusion development mode, encourages combined modern efficient agricultural facilities construction PV power station; in aquatic farming conditions good of area, encourages using pit Tang water construction fishing light one PV power station; in meet forestry management specification of premise Xia, in should be woodland, and shrubs forest, and sparse woodland reasonable layout Lin Guang complementary PV power station; combined Chinese herbal medicines planting, and vegetation protection, and ecological governance engineering, reasonable distribution built PV power station.
3, innovating the mode of distributed PV applications
Power system development of distributed PV market transaction, encouraged construction of PV power projects close to the load, access low-voltage electricity distribution network in the nearest to dissolve. Power enterprises should provide service for distributed PV grid connected operation, giving priority to eliminate distributed photovoltaic power generation, construction of parallel operation of distributed generation technology support system and organize distributed electricity trading. Implementation of distributed solar power projects market sale of electricity to the power user mode, power transmission and distribution price paid by enterprises in accordance with the promotion of the principles of distributed PV to dissolve reasonably determine.
(B) optimization of PV power plant layout and innovative construction methods
1, reasonable layout of PV power station
Considering solar energy resources, grid access, absorptive market and land use conditions and costs, to the photovoltaic industry development of goal-oriented, arranging provincial (district, municipal) PV annual construction, rational distribution of concentrated photovoltaic power plant. Regulate the order of distribution of PV projects and market development, the full adoption of competition mechanism to achieve optimal allocation of project, accelerating PV technology. Abandoned power places, strictly control the centralized PV power station construction, speeding up the abandoned power that have emerged, taking local absorptive and expanded delivery methods, improve the utilization of centralized PV power plant built and reduce abandon optical power ratio.
2, build solar power delivery channel base
According to “more can complementary, and coordination development, and expanded elimination na, and improve benefits” of layout thought, in “three North” area using existing and planning construction of special high pressure power outside sent channel, according to priority stock, and optimization incremental of principles, ordered construction solar power base, improve power outside sent channel in the can renewable energy share, effective expanded “three North” area solar power elimination na range. In Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and other good solar resource, land resource-rich areas, study and phased construction of solar power and other renewable power base of complementary. In the jinsha, Yalong River, Lancang River hydropower resource-abundant regions in Southwest, relying on hydropower base and power delivery, on the phased construction of large water scenery and hybrid power base.
3, the implementation of PV “leaders” program
Established reached advanced level of “leader” standard of efficiency of photovoltaic products and systems, building “leader” leads the technology base for photovoltaic products, provides marketing support for advanced technologies and products, leading photovoltaic technology advancement and industrial upgrading. With sinkholes in coal mining areas, desertification, in the given conditions and eliminate market area, planned and orderly construction of photovoltaic power generation led technology base, optimization of investment and development of competition, in accordance with the “leader” technical standards organizations. Organizations achieve the technological State of the art leading edge technology rely on plants, accelerating the industrialization of new technology development. Establish and perfect “frontrunner” product testing, certification, inspection and security system to ensure that “leader” base use of photovoltaic products reach the advanced indexes.
(C) various PV poverty alleviation
PV 1, innovation oriented poverty reduction model
Mainly deals with the incapacity of the filing State to target poor, according to local conditions, by stages and in groups promoting photovoltaic projects for poverty alleviation in various forms, covering file set up card 2.8 million incapacity households, average cash revenue increase of 3000 Yuan a year per household. Make sure PV key equipment to achieve advanced technical indicators for poverty alleviation and reliable quality, encourage the establishment of specialized platform of photovoltaic project for poverty alleviation of the company consolidated operations and monitoring, protection PV poverty reduction project long lasting reliable quality, stable performance and effectiveness.
2, promoting distributed PV to poverty alleviation
Lack of land resources in the Central and eastern areas, give priority to the use of village-level power stations (including solar home systems) photovoltaic models for poverty alleviation, a single household system around 5-kilowatt, generally not more than a single village power station 300-kilowatt. Village-level poverty alleviation priorities included construction of photovoltaic power generation in power plant size, additional priority national renewable electricity price subsidies. Distributed PV for rural power grid upgrading and poverty reduction project cohesion, ensure that all the electricity generated by photovoltaic project access, dissolve. Establishment of village-level poverty alleviation and later operation supervision and management system for power plant construction, monitoring information into national PV poverty reduction information management system, encourage construction of uniform running monitoring and management platform to ensure long-term reliable operation in power plant and the poor get a steady income.
3, encouraging the construction of photovoltaic agricultural engineering
Encourage regions of modern agriculture, development of characteristic agricultural industrial PV for poverty alleviation. Encourages local government by PPP mode, by Government voted financing subject and commercial investment enterprise joint venture construction PV agricultural project, project assets return Government voted financing subject and commercial investment enterprise total, returns by unit than into, Government voted financing subject to will by accounted for shares Folding Unit quantitative to meet conditions of poverty village, and poor, representative poverty object participation project investment business, by months (or quarter) to poverty village, and poor distribution assets returns. Solar agricultural engineering to priority filing state card poor labour, and play a leading role in developing agriculture with local characteristics.
(D) promoting solar thermal power industry
1 organize demonstration projects on solar thermal power construction
In accordance with the “overallplanning, step by step, technology, industry collaboration” idea, step by step process of solar thermal power industry. In “Thirteen-Five” Qian half period, active promoted 1.5 million-kilowatt around of solar hot power model project construction, summary accumulated construction run experience, perfect management approach and policy environment, validation localization equipment and the material of reliability; foster and enhanced system integrated capacity, master key core technology, formed equipment manufacturing industry chain, promote industry scale development and products quality improve, led production cost reduced, preliminary has international market competitiveness.
2, solar thermal power generation peaking role to play
Gradual industrialization of solar thermal power generation commercialization, its thermal energy storage, adjustable output controlled and other advantages, achieving Web source friendly development, improving the acceptance of network capacity of renewable energy. In Qinghai, and Xinjiang, and Gansu, can renewable energy rich set area, ahead of do solar hot power layout, exploration to solar hot power bear system adjustable peak way, research established solar hot power and PV power, and wind electric, and pumping storage, complementary using, and power can control can adjustable of large mixed type can renewable energy power base, to grid provides clean, and security, and stable of power, promote can renewable energy high proportion application.
3, establish a sound service system of solar thermal power industry
Learning from foreign experience in solar thermal power engineering construction, combined with the implementation of demonstration projects on solar thermal power in China, developing solar thermal power system design, equipment, construction, and operation standards, establish and perfect design, testing and certification and quality management supporting system. Speeding up the construction of solar thermal power industry policy management system, developing solar thermal power generation project management approach to ensure healthy and orderly development of the solar thermal power industry.
(E) according to local conditions to promote solar water heating
1, further promote solar water heating applications
Powered by market demand, to rely on projects such as construction of small towns, shantytowns, further promote the large-scale solar water heating applications. In suitable areas increase the intensity of solar water heating systems solar energy resources. Support for rural and small town residents to install solar water heaters, introduced in rural solar energy projects, public bathrooms, and expand the scale of application of solar water heaters in the rural area. In cities, public buildings, affordable housing, affordable housing projects to increase efforts to force promotion of solar hot water systems. In new construction, renovation or expansion of the city’s residential architectural promoted solar water heating systems and building planning, design, and application.
2, and solar heating and cooling technologies
In Northeast, and North, concentrated heating area, active advance solar and general energy fusion, take concentrated type and distributed combined of way for building heating; in concentrated heating not cover area, combined local can renewable energy resources, vigorously promoted solar, and geothermal energy, and biological quality boiler, small can renewable energy heating; in need hot and cold double for of East, and Central and traditional concentrated heating not cover of long triangle, and beads triangle, area, focus used solar, and geothermal energy heating refrigeration technology. Encouraging conditions suitable for the small and medium towns, residential and public buildings to promote solar-powered district heating system, solar hot water, heating and cooling of the refrigeration system. By 2020, the number in the appropriate area-building large district heating stations reach more than 200 seats, total collector area of more than 4 million square meters. Construction of new countryside, in the country to promote rural demonstration project of building solar hot water, heating more than 3 million households.
3, promote industrial and agricultural fields of solar heating
Combined industrial energy conservation and emission reduction, in the new industrial zone (economic development zone) building and in the transformation of traditional industrial regions, actively promoting solar heating and energy integration, the promotion of industrial energy structure of clean. In printing and dyeing, ceramics, food processing, agriculture, greenhouses, farms, such as heat demand and industry matching the solar thermal system, fully utilizing solar heating system as conventional energy source, providing heat for industrial production, industrial heating for cascade recycling. Combined with the new energy model city and new energy industrial park, green energy demonstration counties (districts), construction of a number of agricultural and industrial production of solar heating, heat collection area of 20 million square metres.
(F) demonstration of new energy micro-grid applications
Construction of 1, network of micro-grid demonstration project
In distributed renewable energy penetration rate higher or have multiple complementary conditions of building a new network energy micro-grid demonstration projects. By natural gas distributed energy storage technology, power generation, intelligent control and integrated applications of information technology, power production and consumption of the new business model and new business, promote the innovation and development of electric power market of more dynamic, forming a perfect system and new energy micro-grid system, and gradually raise the renewable energy penetration, exploring the construction of 100% renewable energy can complement micro energy network.
2 carry out off-grid micro grid demonstration
Upgrade energy electronic technology tie micro-grid energy management and the storage can technology, height fusion sent lost for electricity link, in grid not cover or power capacity insufficient of remote area, and island, and border posts,, full using rich of can regeneration resources, achieved variety energy integrated complementary using, construction intelligent away from network type new energy micro-grid model engineering, alternative diesel generator group and reduced power cost, protection ecological environment, improved area energy structure.
3, exploring the micro-grid electricity exchange model
Power system requirements, develop new energy micro-grid applications. With new energy micro-grid for the carrier as the main body independent from electricity sales, exploring distributed within the micro-grid PV direct supply and micro-grid of new energy power generation project electricity deal directly with local mode. Supporting micro-grid renewable electricity direct buying, explore new 100% energy micro-grid electricity consumption.
(G) accelerate technological innovation and industrial upgrading
1, the establishment of national PV technology innovation platform
Relying on agencies such as the national key laboratories and national engineering centers, promoting the establishment of photovoltaic power generation of public technology innovation, product tests, empirical research on three national PV technology innovation platform, forming the world’s leading, industry-wide integrated innovation support platform. Public technology innovation platform focusing on new types of solar cells, new photovoltaic systems and components, grid-connected PV high permeability and other prospects in the field of research and technology. Product testing platform focusing on photovoltaic industrial chain link construction products and systems test platform. Empirical research platform focusing on different regions and climates, grid photovoltaic systems and components in the condition of empirical research, establishment of national PV public Center for monitoring and evaluation.
2, the implementation of solar energy industry upgrading program
To promote the industrialization of China’s solar energy technology and equipment upgrades as the goal, advancing the whole industry chain of raw material, product manufacturing technology, production technology and production equipment inside the level. PV support PERC technology, n-type single crystal high efficiency crystalline silicon cells, the new thin film solar cell industrialization as well as the development of key equipment; solar thermal power generation breakthrough in efficient bulk high-temperature thermal storage, energy efficiency solar collectors and other key technologies, research and development of high reliability, full-day power generation solar thermal power system integration technology and key equipment.
3 carry out innovation in cutting-edge technologies application and demonstration project
Combined with the demand for downstream applications, solar energy application technology demonstration project in the field of national organizations. Focus for various efficient low cost PV battery, and new PV battery, and new PV system and the control/inverse variable device, key parts in different geographical, and climate, and grid conditions Xia for model application, and in the high temperature solar concentrated heating in building, and heating, field of model application, meet new energy micro-grid, and modern agricultural, and PV fisheries, emerging market solar technology of needs, established research organic combined, and technology and application mutual promote, and Shang downstream collaborative advance of technology innovation mechanism.
(H) enhance the level of service industry management and industry
1, strengthen management and quality supervision
Establish government rule-making PV power plant project resource allocation, market competition and prohibit resource for industry and local conservation and other acts of unfair competition, put an end to speculation such as reselling items, set up, full and effective competition in the market mechanism. Strengthening quality supervision and management of solar energy projects, improve the technical qualification of project construction and operation management, establishment of markets, clearly, measures are in place, monitoring powerful solar project construction quality supervision system, and play the role of quality supervision on Government. Scientific, just, standard solar project engineering and related equipment, such as quality, safety evaluation, establish transparent quality supervision management of public order, improving the reliability and safety of products, and ensure the quality of construction.
2, improve monitoring of industry information and service levels
Expand the scope of solar industry information monitoring and management, application data, Internet “+” and other modern information technology, perfect, plan implementation, annual solar resource size, early development, construction and operation of life-cycle information monitoring system, dynamic development of the industry to the public in a timely manner. By means of information, industry data queries and applications for grant funds to facilitate, regulate electricity prices additional assistance fund management, improve the efficiency of renewable energy price subsidies granted in the annex, and enhance the level of public services.
3, trade capacity-building
Encouraging domestic research institutes, agencies, industry organizations play in personnel training, technical advice and the role of international exchanges, establish communication among businesses, consumers, government departments and contacts with international renowned research institutions on the international front, common technology joint research and development, product manufacturing, technology transfer, intellectual property rights and other areas of cooperation. Increase human and institutional capacity-building support, and train a number of solar industry urgently needed technical and management personnel, encouraging universities and enterprises in training senior personnel, support enterprises to establish solar teaching practice base and mobile stations for postdoctoral, encourages universities, research institutions and enterprises to attract talents from overseas.
(I) deepening solar international industrial cooperation
1, expand solar energy international cooperation on market and production capacity
“Along the way”, the Economic Corridor, the Bangladesh-India-Myanmar economic corridor planning of key areas such as strengthening the international solar industry market research, lead major international project development and construction, consolidation of Europe, North America and parts of Asia, such as the traditional solar industry investment market, focuses on the development of Southeast Asia, West Asia, Latin America, Africa and other emerging markets. Project to strengthen advanced capacity and develop international cooperation, building strategic alliances in the entire value chain, continued to improve industry competitiveness in the international market, achieving solar capacity “eugenic”.
2, advanced solar technology research and equipment manufacturing collaboration
Encourage enterprises to strengthen international cooperation in research and development, solar energy industry, generic technology research and development, improve China’s industrial technology research and development capabilities and core competencies, promote industry technology progress. Solar technology to promote internationalization platform for cooperation and Exchange, cooperation with the relevant Governments and enterprises of building innovative demonstration projects. Our solar system installation “go abroad” development, encourage enterprises to overseas technology research and development institutions, technology and cross-flow and optimized integration of intelligence resources.
3, strengthening mutual recognition of product standards and testing of solar energy international
Gradually perfect the standard system of solar energy, and actively participate in international standard-setting the solar industry, increase the standard of independent intellectual property rights system to promote, promote mutual recognition of testing and certification of the international. Rely on the development and construction of key projects, follow IEC standardization work in solar energy, strengthening international standards study on differentiation and transformation of international standards. Participate in multilateral mechanisms, such as the IECRE system of the international mutual recognition of product standards testing and certification organizations, mastering standards testing and certification rules, improve our voice in the international certification, testing and other areas.
Four, safeguard measures
(A) improve the planning guide and project configuration management
Strengthening planning and annual construction Guide for national solar energy development, local governments at all levels should integrate solar into energy development and energy conservation and emission reduction plan. Provincial and local energy authorities determined in accordance with national objectives and tasks, scientific development of regional planning and prepare the annual implementation plan for solar energy development, agriculture, forestry, land, construction and other related intergovernmental coordination and convergence in the field of work. Configures PV full competition, to form a market-oriented pricing mechanism, and gradually reduce the demand for solar-power subsidies, increasing solar power competitive in the marketplace.
(B) establish the solar industry monitoring and evaluation system
For solar development of external and internal factors, determines the construction scale and layout plan of the year in all regions, and roll adjustment mechanisms, achieve discharge pipe, optimization services. In terms of resources, building conditions, actual operation and absorptive market and policy environments as well as planning the key tasks to complete solar monitoring and evaluation system, scientific and reasonable evaluation method evaluation of solar energy development environment, as an important basis for distribution of solar energy industry.
(C) improving the solar power market mechanism and matching power grid construction
According to the electric power system series documentation requirements, establishing solar power electricity market mechanisms, ensuring priority Internet access and fully guaranteeing the purchasing of solar power. Direct trade promotion of distributed PV and electricity users, power companies as a public platform to charge Internet fees. Distributed PV development within the urban network rural network reconstruction planning, combined with the characteristics of distributed PV to build smart grid upgrades. Centralized large power plants and supporting network synchronization planning, implementation and absorptive market out of the programme. Power grid enterprises and guaranteeing the purchasing power control Office should be renewable in full regulations, protect the PV power plant within a guaranteed minimum number of hours of electricity by country approved or competition to determine price acquisitions; more than a minimum number of hours of electricity, through participation in the electricity market competition full advantage.
(D) strengthen the solar industry standard system construction
Follow the direction of technical innovation and industrial upgrading, build solar industry standard systems and testing and certification system. Enhancing industry-wide solar technology and the testing equipment research and development, integration testing resources, public testing platform of the solar industry’s key products. Perfect for different environmental characteristics of photovoltaic system design and installation, grid access, operation and maintenance of standards and to develop agricultural photovoltaic, PV fishery, construction and PV photovoltaic innovation and application standards, promoting the integration of photovoltaic and other industries a win-win development. Gradual development of solar thermal electricity products certification, standard solar thermal power plant engineering, procurement, construction, installation and acceptance.
(V) innovation and financial investment and financing services
Encourage financial regulators and financial institutions promoting the development of renewable energy and other clean energy green credit policy, exploration rights to proceeds from electricity sales and project assets as security for a loan mechanism. Improving distributed PV new financial support mechanism, actively promoting the banks and other financial institutions establishing PV power generation projects in cooperation with local government financing platforms. Through State-funded, business investment and the participation of social capital, explore the possibilities for national PV industry investment fund, for the PV industry of public technology platform, key fundamental research, core equipment and “along the way” out of the financial support to innovative business and reduce the cost of financing. Solar industry and the regular exchange mechanism between financial institutions, promote the coordinated development of industry and finance.
Five, economic, social and environmental benefits
(A) environmental benefits
In 2020, the solar year reaching more than 140 million tons of standard coal, accounted for more than 18% of non-fossil energy consumption, the “Thirteen-Five” new solar year use scale for the period equivalent to more than 75 million tons of standard coal, about new non-fossil energy consumption of more than 30%.
In 2020, the national solar years equivalent of about 370 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions, reducing sulfur dioxide emissions by 1.2 million tons, 900,000 tons to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions, reduce soot emissions by about 1.1 million tons, the environmental benefits.
(B) economic efficiency
Through the large-scale development of solar energy industry, a strong impetus to local economic development. Expect “Thirteen-Five” period, the solar industry’s contribution to China’s economic output will exceed one trillion yuan. Among them, the solar power industry’s contribution to China’s economic output will reach 600 billion yuan, with an average annual economy demands more than 120 billion yuan, synchronous drive industries such as electronics, new materials, advanced manufacturing, Internet, solar thermal industry contribution to economic output will reach 500 billion yuan.
(C) social benefits
On the utilization of solar energy and raw materials industry is growing, the ability to drive the development of related industries increased significantly, increasing employment, poverty alleviation effect. By 2020, solar power will provide about 7 million jobs.
Original title: National Energy Board releases solar “Thirteen-Five plan”