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PV costs after 9 on a global scale lower than coal power

Polaris solar PV net news: solar PV in some areas less than coal-fired power, but from the global scope of the whole solar electricity cost is still higher than that of coal-fired electricity. So here’s the thing, PV costs are less than coal-fired power in any area at any time?


PV costs after 9 on a global scale lower than coal power

PV capacity doubled costs 20%. Since 2009, PV costs have fallen 62%. With PV installations continue to increase, costs will continue to decline. New energy by 2025 over 1 MW PV plants average investment cost is as low as 73 cents per watt (2016 for $1.14/w) when solar electricity cost will be less than coal-fired power.

Original title: when PV costs less than coal-fired power in the world?
9 years later!

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2016 size added to ordinary terrestrial photovoltaic power station in Zhejiang

Arctic star solar PV network news: according to national energy Council on adjustment 2016 years PV power construction scale about problem of notification (country can new can 2016 (383),), and Zhejiang Province Energy Council on carried out 2016 degrees province general ground PV power station added scale competitive distribution of notification about requirements, December 30, 2016, Zhejiang Province Energy Council in Hangzhou Organization held has province 2016 general ground PV power station added scale competitive distribution experts review will. According to expert advice, and considered by the Director of the provincial development and Reform Commission Office, will now be added to 2016-normal terrestrial photovoltaic power station in the province project list be publicized within the scale, during the publicity counseling and answering questions.

Publication date: January 9, 2017-January 16.

Contact person: Wang guoqing Tel: 0571-87051712

The energy Bureau of Zhejiang Province

The January 9, 2017

2016-size added to ordinary terrestrial photovoltaic power station in Zhejiang Province project list


2016-size added to ordinary terrestrial photovoltaic power station in Zhejiang province a competitive allocation of result announcement

Original title: 2016-size added to ordinary terrestrial photovoltaic power station in Zhejiang province a competitive allocation of result announcement

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Zhejiang Ningbo declared photovoltaic subsidy funds third batch deadline of

Polaris solar PV net news: Ningbo electronics (2017), 5th

The County (City) by the postal Office, various economic development Bureau of the Board, the unit:

To further promote the construction of photovoltaic power generation project in our city, advancing the city’s solar photovoltaic applications and solar PV manufacturing industry healthy and sustainable development, according to the management measures of the Ningbo solar power subsidies (Ningbo electronics (2014), No. 282) provides, now Ningbo photovoltaic subsidy funds (third batch) project work related to notice are as follows:

Application terms and conditions

(A) the scope of reporting

Distributed in photovoltaic power generation project in Ningbo range, PV; photovoltaic project has been included in the plan and approved by the province, city, State, province, for the record, before reporting complete acceptance and put into power generation; PV modules, inverters and other major equipment products manufactured by enterprises in our city.

(B) declare conditions

1. grid-connected PV power generation projects should be consistent with national, provincial and city-related industrial development planning and policy requirements, and according to design requirements to the safe and stable operation.

2. photovoltaic power generation projects investment unit Ningbo city, should be registered within enterprises, with independent legal person qualification and registered capital over 10 million Yuan.

3. individual projects not less than 0.5 MW in installed capacity (MWp).

4. the project of Ningbo enterprises shall be used in the production of PV modules, inverters and solar modules, inverters and other products need to 80% per cent of the total investment of the project equipment, components of these products in principle procurement reached industry and information Department of the PV manufacturing industry standard conditions called for the company’s products.

5. photovoltaic manufacturing enterprise of Ningbo (including PV industry chain enterprises) distributed PV investment and construction projects, requiring not less than 0.5 MW installed capacity (MWp), using the company’s products and purchasing local compliance conditions of production of PV modules, local products such as inverter reaching more than 80% of the total investment of the project.

6. energy-related departments, and acceptance by the electricity sector, is operating normally.

Second, application materials and procedures

(A) application materials

1. photovoltaic subsidy funding application form;

2. copy of business license and tax registration certificate copy;

3. filing a copy of the project;

4. copy of grid-connected acceptance issued by the local power grid enterprises;

5. purchase of major equipment (components, batteries, inverter) copy of tax invoice and budget of the project;

6. power grid Enterprise proof of actual generating capacity (electricity generated by grid-connected from the date to December 31, 2016);

7. projects in the County (City) documentation of Management Committee of the Government, subsidies.

(B) the project application procedure

1. PV power generation projects to their home districts and counties (cities) by submitting application materials.

2. the County (City) by the Council in accordance with the relevant provisions of the application materials for review and sign comments, after the application materials are submitted to the municipal board.

3. the municipality on the Wei organization departments and experts on the project funding application materials for review.

4. the municipal information Commission on municipal-level benefits of PV power generation projects for public notification, publicity for a period of 7 working days.

Three other matters

(A) Ningbo photovoltaic subsidy funds (third batch) to declare the project acceptance deadline is January 24, 2017, if inadmissible.

(B) the project documents bound in sequence, type 3, and other declarations in addition to original material stamped with the company seal required for confirmation.

(C) has awarded photovoltaic subsidy funds to support project (first, second), Ningbo city, simply submit the photovoltaic subsidy funding application form and grid Enterprise proof of actual generating capacity of the project (the new generating capacity since the last report to December 31, 2016), application materials requested above.

(D) has enjoyed the national “Golden Sun demonstration project” PV Application projects are not supported by financial assistance fund scope of this report.

Contact person: Yang Changke, Tel: 87183421, email: nbjjxx@163.com.

Annexes: 1. Ningbo photovoltaic subsidy funding application form


Zhejiang Ningbo declared photovoltaic subsidy funds (third batch) deadline of January 24, 2017

2. the actual electricity show


Zhejiang Ningbo declared photovoltaic subsidy funds (third batch) deadline of January 24, 2017

Original title: on Ningbo solar power subsidies (third batch) notice of project application

PV pure clean listed future haze

Polaris solar PV net news: gem impact of Shanghai to pure clean systems technology Corporation (hereinafter “the pure and clean”) was finally released in 2017. However, the company involved in the PV industry has become a drag on, many investors raised concerns. And since 2013, revenue and net profit decline year by year, in this case, listing prospects investors can not see. Reporters recently to contact companies ask questions about gives some simple answers.

PV

Pure clean mainly electronic, biomedical and food and beverage industries to provide high purity process systems solutions. According to its prospectus, the company’s business areas industry, no other company as a reference. But pure and clean performance in recent years and has shown a new industry the rapid momentum. From 2013 to 2015, revenue growth of the company,-25.2%, and 2.8% respectively, net profit was 24.94 million Yuan, 26.26 million Yuan, 17.69 million Yuan, respectively, and 0.7%, sharp decline in 2015 or 32.5%.

The reason is, this company has investments in PV industry brought about by the “side effects” has a lot to do with it.

In 2011, the pure clean chased was popular then was the fire of the PV industry, revenues are also concentrated in the photovoltaic field, proportion of total revenue reached 84%. Due to the photovoltaic industry at investment demand, the company has made a breakthrough growth, 91% growth in revenue that year, and net profits of 62%.

However, the same person, baiyexiaohe, once-popular pure clean the PV industry to fast-growing, but with the excess capacity of the photovoltaic industry and industrial crisis, pure and clean performance also came to a standstill.

Photovoltaic industry with the first quarter of 2011 after being hit “subsidy policy”, “the European debt crisis”, “United States countervailing investigations” and other unfavorable factors, photovoltaic industry devastated, for PV companies suffered different degrees of decreased sales, cash-strapped, pure and clean is not immune. While its adjusted to customer focus, but still serious reversal in 2012, 1.8% decline in operating income, net profit fell by 30%.

Even if companies begin in 2012 to adjust Customer Center, but a “bitter pill” to influence pure clean now. Company’s accounts receivable and bad debt provision for soaring, first half of 2013 to 2016, the company the carrying amount of the receivable reach 161 million Yuan, 169 million Yuan and 185 million Yuan and 221 million Yuan, accounting for, respectively, of the total assets of up to 38%, 40%, 37%, 42%. Bad debt provision were 27.51 million Yuan, 35.27 million Yuan, 49.03 million Yuan, 49.01 million Yuan. Pure clean has been carrying these assets up to 40% of the “burden”, it is inevitable for the future development of large “drag”.

And, in light of the present circumstances, these very little chance to recover payment, arrears customers are in a State of bankruptcy or out of business. Former giant photovoltaic sinovideo LDK in 2011, is the largest customer of pure clean, when the LDK LDK lost $600 million in 2012 and a $1 billion loss, and now stands on the brink of bankruptcy. 3 of the top 5 customers are for the production of solar products.

In this regard, pure and clean in reply said in an interview, “Although the country introduced a number of PV industry support measures, but PV full recovery will take time, the financial tensions may continue to exist for some time, the future receivables recovery remains uncertain. If a large number of receivables is not possible, causing significant losses to the company, or even see a decline in performance over 50%. ”

High inventory

In the photovoltaic industry suffered from “hit”, the pure clean start adjusting business. Starting in 2013, to pure clean pharmaceutical client revenue growth in 2015, medicine and medical equipment revenues of around 90 million, accounting for total revenue of 50%. PV type of customer revenues plunged to 8.8%. However, even if forced to make adjustments and restructuring, but the company’s performance is not much better, 32% drop in net profit in 2015. In this regard, the company said in its prospectus, “company business dispersed in downstream industries such as pharmaceutical, photovoltaic, LED, semiconductor, downstream industries invest in cyclical fluctuations and climate change will have on the company’s market demand, sales profit and sales back to the direct influence, leading to performance fluctuations. Although the company’s business is spread over multiple downstream industries, but if the overall decline in future major downstream industries or major adverse change, companies will still be a direct negative impact. ”

In downstream industries, relatively strong passive a lot, the high proportion of inventory to current assets of the company. Late late 2013 to 2016, the carrying value of inventories was 71.94 million Yuan, 56.45 million Yuan, 98.24 million Yuan, the proportion of total current assets are 26.6%, 23.7%, 27.6%. Product difficult to sell performance naturally without much improvement.

But for these stocks, the company also remained relatively optimistic point of view, in response, said “these inventories mainly in order to prepare stock or has begun to customize production and higher gross profit margins of the order, there is no expected losses. Therefore, no provision for inventory write-down. “However, there are still many investors believe that, due to the fulfilment of the order there are large uncertainties, impairment of inventories are still possible. And the company’s business growth industry, industry data are lacking, disclosure of information is also not very transparent.

Ownership concentration risk unknown

In addition, pure clean equity focus. Company’s controlling shareholders are Jiang Yuan, Lu Longying, both for the mother-child relationship. Among them, Jiang Yuan holds 48.72% shares in the company, Jiang Yuan’s mother Lu Longying holds 17.86% shares in the company, while Lu Longying’s nephew Lu Lei as the company’s financial director.

In this regard, the company responded by saying: “in order to prevent control of the concentration of risk, companies have set up include the general meeting of shareholders, Board of Directors, Board of supervisors rules and complete, independent director system corporate governance system, and Dong, supervisors also make necessary arrangements. At the general meeting of shareholders, the company has introduced a new investment, new industry investment fund of two professional bodies for Vico, in finance, has a wealth of experience in supervision, management of business. ”

However, whether these measures can play in the company’s business, results, still needs further observation. At present, the company just listed, and with large accounts receivable and potential bad debts, and future performance of the company will support share prices, bring greater benefit to investors there is a great deal of uncertainty.

Original title: quagmire of listed shares sink enough PV were forced to transition to a pure clean market Outlook is clouded haze

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One minute to read energy development Thirteen Five planning considerations

Polaris solar PV net news: at the beginning of 17 new year’s energy development “Thirteen-Five” plan has finally been published.

Morning of January 5, the Energy Council held a news conference to release the energy development “Thirteen-Five” renewable energy development plan and the “Thirteen-Five” plan.

At the meeting, Deputy Director of the National Energy Board introduced Li Angzhe, adopted by the National Energy Commission for consideration and approval of the State Council agree, the energy development “Thirteen-Five” plan before new year’s day by the national development and Reform Commission, the official publication of the National Energy Board, electricity, renewable energy and other 14 energy planning is also being released.

Planning of clean energy will be the “Thirteen-Five” subject of incremental energy supply, strictly controlling the scale of new coal-fired power, stroke power, photovoltaic energy layout shifting to the Middle East to establish renewable energy green certificate trading scheme by 2020, wind power generation, photovoltaic power and strive to achieve parity.

Energy development “Thirteen-Five” planning what were the highlights? Bean King Combs:

1, 2020 energy consumption control in less than 5 billion tons of coal equivalent

The plan calls “by 2020 control in less than 5 billion tons of standard coal in total energy consumption”, consistent with the national economic and social development plan of the platform. From the perspective of average growth, the “Thirteen-Five” total energy consumption is expected to rise by about 2.5%, “Twelve-Five” 1.1% lower, in line with the new trends in energy consumption change under the new normal.


One minute to read energy development

2, clean low-carbon energy would be “Thirteen-Five” body of the incremental energy supply

The plan suggested that “Thirteen-Five” non-fossil energy consumption, increasing its share to above 15%, natural gas consumption and strive to reach 10%, coal consumption is reduced to below 58%. In accordance with planning related indicators calculated, non-fossil energy and gas consumption increases of coal increases 3 times more than doubled, accounting for 68% per cent of total energy consumption increases. It can be said that clean, low-carbon energy would be “Thirteen-Five” during the increment of energy supply.


One minute to read energy development

3, renewable energy total investment will reach 2.5 trillion

The entire “Thirteen-Five” period, renewable energy total investment would reach 2.5 trillion yuan. When renewable year equivalent to reducing carbon dioxide emissions by about 1.4 billion tons, reduce sulfur dioxide emissions by approximately 10 million tons, to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions by about 4.3 million tons, reducing soot emissions by about 5.8 million tons, annual savings of about 3.8 billion cubic meters of water, and employment of the population of more than 13 million people.


One minute to read energy development

Layout 4, energy: wind power, photovoltaic transfer to East Central

The planning for the “Thirteen-Five” period of major energy projects, energy and manpower to the channel arrangement. Among them, made some adjustments in energy development, mainly wind power, photovoltaic layout shifting to the Middle East, in new wind power installed capacity, about 58% in the East, new solar installed capacity, about 56% in the East, and mainly distributed development, local to dissolve.


One minute to read energy development

5, to establish renewable energy green certificate trading scheme

According to the requirements of the renewable energy law, implementing renewable energy generation in full security system, upon completion of the minimum guarantee to buy on the basis of the number of hours to encourage renewable energy to participate in market competition. Renewable energy green certificate trading scheme established, by way of marketization, environmental and social benefits of new energy power generation, reducing the need for renewable energy to central financial subsidy funds.

The plan put forward by coal-fired power plants or non-hydro renewable electricity sales enterprises indicators require coal-fired power plants or electricity sales business by purchasing green certificates as proof of complete renewable energy quota obligation, through the green certificates market transaction compensation of new energy power generation environmental benefit and social benefit.

6, “Thirteen-Five” strictly control the scale of new coal-fired power

In a long period in the future, coal remains China’s main energy source, this is our most basic national condition. Be firm and unshakeable resolve the overcapacity, eliminate backward production capacity, develop advanced productivity, optimize the structure of coal production, unswervingly develop coal washing and processing and ultra-low-emission coal-fired power to promote coal gas and coal to olefin upgrading model, taking the road of development and utilization of clean coal in line with China’s national conditions.

“Thirteen-Five” completed during the reformation of coal turbine ultra-low emission 420 million kilowatts, energy-saving transformation of 340 million kilowatts. Strictly control the scale of new coal-fired power, and strive to be coal-fired power capacity control within 1.1 billion-kilowatt.


One minute to read energy development

7, accelerate the construction of natural gas distribution, peak power station

Expansion of natural gas market. Innovative institutional mechanisms, steadily pushed forward natural gas receiving, storage and transportation facilities, fair, open and encourages users to direct supply, reduce the cost of using natural gas, developing natural gas distributed energy and natural gas peak power station, in civil, industrial and transport fields to actively promote gas replace coal, gas oil, natural gas consumption.

8, 2020 wind power generation, photovoltaic electricity and cheap Internet access

Recently some countries bidding for wind power, photovoltaic power generation project price is lower than the local prices of fossil energy, which shows a certain degree of market competition. Especially users of distributed PV projects, compared with the sales price has been close. This year’s “leader in PV” demonstration project bidding prices substantially lower than expected, suggesting huge potential for renewable energy technology innovation and technological progress. Thus, the plan sets out “by 2020, wind power project electricity prices to compete with the local coal-fired power stations with platforms, PV projects electricity prices and grid sales price quite” objective.

9, 2020 hydro 380 million kilowatts, accelerate the construction of pumped-storage power station

Hydro 380 million kilowatts, pumped 40 million-kilowatt. In addition to continuing to focus on major rivers in Southwest China, actively and orderly promoting the construction of large hydro bases, as well as optimizing the medium scale development, to meet peak load regulation of power system’s needs and the demands of security and stability, make overall planning, rational distribution, accelerate the construction of pumped-storage power station. The “Thirteen-Five” period, China started pumped about 60 million-kilowatt.


One minute to read energy development

10, 2020 wind power 210 million kilowatts, to dissolve

Wind power is expected to rise by about 16 million-kilowatt above. Wind power represents a layout optimization and absorptive requirements, wind power projects moved further to eliminate the condition, both up wind power is more serious in some regions put forward clear requirements to wind power to dissolve.


One minute to read energy development

11, 2020 PV 105 million kW, the center of gravity in distributed

PV power installed capacity is expected to rise about 12 million-kilowatt. Solar power’s focus is mainly reflected in the enhanced distributed using and promoting technological progress, in particular, actively encourages its business Foundation promote the roofs of the city distributed PV projects, for large PV projects in the Western region explicitly requires ordered on the basis of solving the problem of abandoned light construction.

In the area of distributed PV, combined with perfect mechanism, electricity price reform, promote market transactions, reduced transaction costs, and give full play to its advantages, enabling State subsidies to implement at an early date, so as to encourage full participation of investors distributed PV investment construction

Also tried to carry out market-oriented allocation of resources, implementation of PV leader plans, promoting the application of Advanced photovoltaic technologies and products.


One minute to read energy development

12, biomass should adhere to distributed development

Biomass energy “Thirteen-Five” to adhere to during distributed development, vigorously promoting the formation of locally collected, local processing of raw materials, and locally distributed patterns of consumption, and vigorously promote the industrialization of bio-gas model and biomass fuels for heating, and promote the development of industrialization of liquid fuel

13, a comprehensive promotion of geothermal energy use

To carry out resource exploration based on exploitation and utilization of geothermal energy. Strengthening planning cohesion with the urban master plan for geothermal energy, electric heating incorporated into the construction of urban infrastructure, in terms of price of land, electricity, tax and other support, and to promote the effective utilization of geothermal energy.

14, has been actively promoting renewable heating

General Secretary shortly before he proposed to promote clean energy for heating in North China, renewable energy thermal utilization is an important component of clean heat. Planning, economic efficiency, in accordance with the priorities put forward multiple complementary, integrated principle to carry out large-scale application of renewable heating model, accelerated, such as promoting the use of solar energy, biomass use, initially estimated that by 2020 renewable energy heating and fuel totaled 150 million tons of standard coal.


One minute to read energy development

15, “Thirteen-Five” end garbage incineration power generation capacity of about 7.5 million-kilowatt

Waste incineration power generation is an important method of waste disposal, by the end of 2015, waste incineration power generation capacity of about 4.8 million-kilowatt, generating about 25 billion-kilowatt, garbage about 80 million tons a year, accounting for about 40% years waste output. “Thirteen-Five” will have the steady development of municipal solid waste incineration and generating electricity. According to the plan, the “Thirteen-Five” end of waste incineration power generation capacity of about 7.5 million-kilowatt. Do environmental protection, location and social stability risk evaluation under qualified cities and steadily promoting the construction of solid waste incineration power generation projects. Encourage construction of waste incineration combined heat and power projects. Accelerate the application of modern waste treatment and pollution control technology, improve the level of waste incineration power generation and environmental protection.


One minute to read energy development

Original title: one minute to read “Thirteen-Five” energy development plan

Polaris solar highlights January 5 2017 reviews

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar PV NET summary highlights January 5, 2016, Hebei province, ordinary grid-connected PV power generation projects in the third instalment plan, Shaanxi Province in 2016 photovoltaic project competitive selection results (table), the development of energy resources in Guangxi “Thirteen-Five plan” (excerpts from solar), as follows:

2016, Hebei province, ordinary grid-connected PV power generation projects in the third instalment plan

2016 photovoltaic power generation project in Shaanxi Province competitive comparison results (table)

Energy development in Guangxi “Thirteen-Five plan” (excerpt from PV)

The National Energy Board: the “Thirteen-Five” scale of photovoltaic power generation 105GW for guidance

National Deputy Director Li Angzhe interpretation of renewable sources of energy “Thirteen-Five plan”

The “Thirteen-Five” period from five to resolve “abandoned the wind”, “the abandoned”

PV in power users side changes are “spectators” or “pushing hands”?

2016 Germany solar cumulative installed capacity 40.41GW

India renewable energy market Outlook–growth driven by policy

January PV price trends: wafer stabilizing compression cell profit

Global energy markets Outlook

Growth in solar energy market in the world for ten consecutive years

Shares to be cast 6.721 billion set in Central Silicon material plant

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True high performance single crystal depends on heterojunction

Polaris solar PV net news: efficiency and cost utility investors take into account two major factors when investing in power plants, both efficiency and cost advantages of the product are particularly favored by investors. “Leader plans” and the PV “Super leader” plan proposed once again to make efficient products become the focus of concern, controversy over single crystal and polycrystalline are once again rife. Statistics show, although Crystal conversion efficiencies than poly, but under the same conditions, return on investment still beat single crystal of high efficiency polycrystalline. As the promotion power of the technical improvement, production poor poly module power will be reduced further, poly due to both efficiency and cost advantages, will continue to occupy the dominant position in the market.

High performance parity is simply

Push led by the National Energy Board, the introduction of PV “leader plans” from the beginning in 2015, the objective of the scheme is to encourage the promotion and application of advanced technologies, so as to accelerate the achievement of photovoltaic power and cheap Internet access. “The leader scheme” since the implementation of leader-compliant products more and more investors, and how to meet the “front-runner” select standard products, are directly related to the profit for the investor.

Is recognized within the industry index LCOE (Levelized Cost of Energy), namely “levelized electricity costs.”


True high performance single crystal depends on heterojunction

You can see from the above calculation method and affecting the main factor to the cost per kilowatt is the initial construction cost and electricity.

According to the regulation, polycrystalline solar module conversion efficiency needed for 16.5%, Crystal conversion efficiency is more than 17%. We choose to achieve efficiency leader threshold 270W poly, 280W monocrystalline module and the 290WPERC high performance monocrystalline module three components, from the initial investment and the total angle for comparison.

Photovoltaic power plant investment, component costs about 45% per cent, accounted for the remaining cost to 55% and component capacity under the agreed terms, higher module efficiency, the remaining costs, you can save costs. And the rest of the components of the cost efficiency factors, mainly land links, brackets, cables, installation, in fact only 20% per cent of total costs. Therefore, if efficient components to bring the remaining cost reductions at the same time, due to their own increased costs resulting in 45% of higher component costs too much, then it can lead to overall electricity costs rise, project yields have fallen.

First, we compare again—-photovoltaic power plant investment costs component prices, reference to the installed capacity of 20MW projects, and the construction cost was accounted. Can be seen from the following data: poly with 3.12 Yuan per watt prevail, its price is much higher than mainstream high performance single crystal technologies.


True high performance single crystal depends on heterojunction

50MW project based, listed separately by three different components corresponds to the construction costs, and taking into account land cost by 25 different poly to 6.92 Yuan Dan Wa total cost far more than single crystals with high performance monocrystalline module, from the table below to compare the efficiency of polycrystalline cost advantage.

 


True high performance single crystal depends on heterojunction

The above data we can see, power 10W, BOS can give systems cost about 0.05~0.06/w differ. However, because the three components of the price difference is too great, resulting in decline in single crystal high efficiency advantage did not bring the total construction cost. According to 50MW items, Crystal, high performance single crystal and polycrystalline component compared with the cost of the system, up to 6 million and 8.5 million, respectively.

Next, we compare in line with the “leader” component output differences in standards. According to PHOTON outdoor track report, per watt of generating capacity poly and monocrystalline module is not significantly different (pictured below), the difference mainly derived from components of quality of packaging, packaging materials, attenuation and other factors. Currently industry released attenuation parameters of components similar to basic, Crystal products attenuation of 3% for the first year, polycrystalline 2.5%; single crystal and low light response ability, and so selected for component manufacturers and BOM is the most important.


True high performance single crystal depends on heterojunction

Currently view, single more Crystal component each w electricity almost consistent, this means with to in China construction power station of cost model to consider, if to makes degrees electric cost declined, Crystal 280W component of price only than more Crystal 270W component high 0.06 Yuan/w; and PERC Crystal 290W component of price, also only than more Crystal 270W high 0.12 Yuan/w within to achieved cheap Internet.

Therefore, efficient technologies can truly bring to power plant owners total return on investment gains, not just focusing on the components of power, combined with the cost factor to consider more realistic. High performance single crystal technology to the massive popularity, cannot alone draw a threshold of national leader, but must work harder on controlling costs, ensure efficient polycrystalline technology within a reasonable price range. In component costs account for a considerable proportion of silicon wafers, is an important means of reducing cost and increasing efficiency. Current single polysilicon prices one level, at least in half, single crystal component value can be seen.

Leader upgrade target capacity will be significantly less grid-connected projects completed

Leader programme, polycrystalline solar module conversion efficiency needed for 16.5%, Crystal conversion efficiency is more than 17%. Since Mono solar module conversion efficiency of 80% single crystal production capacity can meet this requirement and polycrystalline reached 16.5% capacity is less. With the recent “Super leader” is increasing, after the new threshold, Crystal will sharply decline in the proportion of the capacity is up to standard.

Majority leader project grid-connected power station before June 30, 2017 to meet the conditions laid down, before September 30, 2017 at the latest meeting the conditions for grid-connected power generation. Although TOP5 component enterprises continued to increase high performance single crystal production capacity, but given the high performance single crystal production full time, high performance single crystal products for export and domestic distribution problems, actually can be used for a new batch of highly efficient monocrystalline products of leader power stations will remain in short supply.

Meanwhile, with the development of high performance polycrystalline, poly on the premise of cost increases are limited, efficiency has been steadily improved. Single poly power differences from past 20W narrowing even 5 w to 10W. Polycrystalline 275W components currently have mass production, when Super leader launched in the first half of next year, poly’s power production is expected to reach 280W, prices are projected to remain at the existing level. Such price and capacity advantages will mount a strong challenge to single crystal. Lumpy PERC purchasing single crystal component appears again delay the quandary of the 6 months.

Heterojunction double battery technology costs fall again

Photovoltaic industry is Pan-semiconductor field, the same applies to Moore. Accompanied by the cyclical, technology progress and iteration of the almost endless, photovoltaic power generation costs will drop almost endless, and PV markets and industrial scale for dozens of years of rapid expansion. By 2020, solar power generation is expected to achieve parity.

“Photovoltaic costs continue to decrease, on the user side parity” is the solar energy development “Thirteen-Five” planning goals, ambition is all PV. Currently, mainstream manufacturers continued investment in high performance component research and development, high technology blossom. In a variety of high technology, heterojunction double battery technology has been as high as 21% single power generation efficiency, first-year 0.5% year 0.4% ultra low attenuation, low temperature coefficient of power, better low light performance and additional double power generation, wind power generation, and more investors of all ages.

In the superposition of multiple factors influence, heterogeneous components per watt of generating capacity to more than 20% more than ordinary single poly, which contribute significantly to the decline in electricity costs to a certain extent, even if construction costs higher than single crystal, the costs can also be quickly recovered in a subsequent return.

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2016 7 October of Shaanxi power grid rules for the two test results

Arctic star solar PV network news: according to on issued < northwest regional power plant grid run management implementation rules > and the < northwest regional grid power factory auxiliary service management implementation rules > of notification (Northwest prison can market (2015) 28th,) provides, 2016 7-October Shaanxi grid power plant grid assessment and auxiliary service compensation results completed review work, now to announced, please according to annex settlement.


2016 7-October of Shaanxi power grid

2016 7-October of Shaanxi power grid

2016 7-October of Shaanxi power grid

2016 7-October of Shaanxi power grid

Original title: 2016 7-October of Shaanxi power grid “rules for the two” test results

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Solar energy saving smog days how long can be achieved

Polaris solar PV net news: since the haze at the source of the culprit is coal, then the “large scale application of renewable energy and universal” should no longer be a part of the winter “occasional topic”, there is a way to make it faster?

Perhaps some people may scoff at: “new energy” well, that’s a sneak, but the situation never changed. This is related to China’s energy problems, is a problem that is unlikely to change in the 20 years.

The adjustment of energy structure. Indeed, this is probably already 20 years in the future to say decades of “China dream”. In 2015, although there is a certain amount of improvement of China’s energy structure, but the overall pattern is still not shaken:

Fossil fuels, coal, oil, the share of natural gas, and 64%, and 5.9%, respectively, accounted for a total of 91%; in non-fossil energy sources, hydropower accounted for 8.5%, nuclear power accounted for 1.4%, wind power accounted for 1.6%, solar 0.5%, tiny regardless of others such as biomass energy.

Changed for so many years, the structure remained the same. Interest is second, but in the current conditions is impossible.

So, first we need to know, renewable energy such as hydro, solar, wind, why not replace coal, wind power and photovoltaic power why is called “spam”?

Simply means that four points: high costs, unstable, conversion rate is low, the energy situation is poor. All associated with the technology.

Moreover, the construction of a thermal power plant, usually can run from hundreds of millions of billions of power, short construction period, returns quick; building a hydropower plant of the same capacity, investment is often times in thermal power plants to dozens of times, long payback cycle 5-10 years or more.

If you are an investor, you would choose the latter? (See Thomas g SolarCity heavy losses of status quo)

Solar power, the highest new energy industry in recent years, but many studies known as “power generation cost of renewable energy”. In China’s energy structure, it is negligible.

So today, we first talk about solar costs the problem.

MIT, according to media reports, as early as 2014, focused on renewable energy consultancy Ecofys has for the EU (global clean energy one of the most popular), environmental pollution, climate change, resource depletion cost and working capital and operating costs of PV power plants were analyzed.

In assessment process in the, according to a called for “flat associate of cost” of measurement standard (in not consider government subsidies of situation Xia, if in a a specific regional established and operation a power plant, on its in a a specific time paragraph within each MW Shi of cost for estimates, including estimates pollution, and land using and resources consumption of currency value), research personnel are of data analysis results following:

Assumes that the factory will increase capacity to most cases, EU new coal and gas plants “levelized cost” is only more than 50 more than €/MWh ($ 52);

Offshore wind’s “levelized cost”/MWh about 80 euros (US $84);

Utility/MWh solar photovoltaic power generation is about 100 euros ($ 105);

/MWh nuclear power generation is about 90 euros ($ 94.5);

Final conclusion is: the highest solar power cost, much higher than the wind, close to that of nuclear power.

In fact, cause of this result depends on a different parameter-calculation “energy cost”.

The researchers explained, because most of the world’s solar panels with “made in China” label, therefore, metal resources consuming and high cost makes solar power panels production costs increased significantly, more than wind power.

Meanwhile, China’s electricity is coal-intensive industries, and solar equipment paved area limited operation is unstable and low conversion rate, long recovery period, cannot be enabled large-scale cases, high costs is a necessary thing.

High cost means what? Businesses need to rely on Government subsidies to survive, photovoltaic power generation unable to mass adoption, innovation and manufacture lagging, technology research and development to advance slowly, capital concerns small … …

In fact, these aspects are linked together, cross. Is also difficult due to technical bottlenecks, will cost of solar power generation in the production chain on the cumulative number of large size will be limited.

In 2030, China will usher in the dawn of the popularization of solar power?

Recently, however, we are “still is shrouded in haze and find a direction” in China’s energy structure found an opportunity to expand the “rift”. This energy analysis in a recent Bloomberg report may give us some positive “hints”:

Since 2009, global prices have fallen 62%. Meanwhile, solar power each link in the supply chain to cut costs.

At present, the global average coal cost approximately 6~7 cents per kWh (~0.5 0.4 Yuan RMB), and in 2016, including Chile and the U.A.E., a number of developing countries have reached a number of costs and less than 3 cents per kWh of solar power contracts.

From a global perspective, is expected in the next decade, solar energy is likely to be the cheapest power source. However, in different countries, solar energy costs reduced speed will also vary greatly. In Europe and Brazil needs to import coal or charge “carbon tax” of regional and national, perhaps by 2020, coal and solar power cost in the first “glimmers of hope”.

Although China is the world’s largest solar market (installed capacity has exceeded Germany), but the energy structure dominated by coal, it may take until 2030 to bring solar costs to the level of coal.

Chief energy analyst at Bloomberg new energy finance JennyChase pointed out in the report, global 1MW average above ground solar system cost $1.14/W; by 2025, that number will be down to 0.73 cents, cost reduction 36%.


Solar energy saving

Solar energy costs over the next 10 years would be lower than coal, the picture from Bloomberg

In fact, as early as 2015, China Association of resources comprehensive utilization in China PV power parity roadmap gives a good prediction: by 2020 China PV cost can be reduced to 0.6~0.8/kWh,2030 year can be reduced to 0.6 Yuan per kWh.

It is clear that solar power cost reduction will help to reduce loans to related companies risk premium and production capacity will be raised to a new level.

And the Director-General of the international renewable energy agency AdnanAmin is some very surprising, solar power costs will change the pattern of the industry as a whole:

“Solar costs less than coal trend is increasingly becoming routine in the market. You will see, factory capacity every increase of 1 time, the price of solar power is reduced by 20%. ”

In other words, with scale and sales promotion and gradually reduce the margins, on the solar supply chain “Wal-Mart effect” will become more pronounced, “cheap” is a major solar energy industry development strategy.


Solar energy saving

Cost of building solar power stations. Picture from Bloomberg

Technology is the key to competition in the market is a “catalyst”

In fact, solar power boom has been going on for 10 years. “Technology” is to raise the level of solar power generation industry, the key to reducing production costs.

We have already mentioned that metals consumption and energy storage technologies are two important factors make solar power costs remain high.

But in past two years in the, regardless of is diamond line saw technology of upgrade (can more efficient to cutting Crystal wafer, this is Panel of main material), also is fuel battery technology of significantly improved, are in is big degree Shang reduced has solar industry in material, and making process and and the power application level Shang of many pain points, also makes solar finally can in and fossil fuel of competition in the gradually master has advantage status.

In addition, healthy competition within the industry has accelerated the decline in the cost of solar technology. Due to the very hot solar markets in emerging countries, solar photovoltaic companies from around the world are beginning to bid to snatch the market in the form of orders.

For example, in August of this year, Chile to bid the contracts signed by 2.91 cents per kWh, and the U.A.E. reached through big auctions held in the form of a price for 2.42 cents per kWh of solar power deal.

And Saudi Arabia, and Jordan, as well as Mexico and other countries also began plans to auction and bid as a way to further enhance the falling price of solar power.

The lower the price, the more hope of grabbing orders and in order to preserve profit margins, bidding companies must reduce the cost of technology. Therefore, solar system integrator made a bold prediction, solar power costs “downhill” speed would not be slowed down for a short time.

But in the end, the “lower cost” is just an important part of expanding the scale of the solar industry, but not all.

“Stability” by day, costs may be shrinking, but energy storage technology is the industry’s biggest “pain points.”

An industry source told the 36 krypton, want to improve energy storage technologies? Very difficult (waiting for someone to disprove). Only from “stable”, solar energy, wind energy can never be replace the thermal power.

But the development of solar energy, will see the change.

What’s more, energy is expensive is expensive, in fact, each region has a standard, but it ultimately depends on our willingness to pay the price for access to energy level.

In order to “anti fog”, do you want to continue to “Amway” solar do?

Original title: calls for using solar power to save “smog days”, but unfortunately it is still impossible

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Since iPhone, all phones are slowly turned into a way to love clamshell machine user, or select discard smart system, or choose to buy Samsung w series super expensive, but now the gap is seen by LG, so Wine Smart to grieve, to want to flip Android a new choice.

Returning to the clamshell LG Wine Smart to start playing
Returning to the clamshell LG Wine Smart to start playing
Returning to the clamshell LG Wine Smart to start playing

Specifications, Wine Smart is Snapdragon 400 processor has four core and Adreno 305 1.2GHz Cortex-A7 GPU, 3.5-inch screen, 1GB 480×320 RAM+4GB ROM (expandable up to 32GB microSD memory card) with 8 million pixels camera, 1700mAh battery. Function is supported on LG G3 sensor self-timer function, and powered by Android 4.4.2 system, built-in Easy taking care of elders Home desktop, also provide such exceeds the set scope of idle waiting, cell phone reminders.

Returning to the clamshell LG Wine Smart to start playing
Returning to the clamshell LG Wine Smart to start playing
Returning to the clamshell LG Wine Smart to start playing
Returning to the clamshell LG Wine Smart to start playing
Returning to the clamshell LG Wine Smart to start playing

Body weight 149 gram, hold it in hand the feeling is still very lightweight and not too thick after you flip on the thickness.

Hello Kitty Note 3 cases

Returning to the clamshell LG Wine Smart to start playing
Returning to the clamshell LG Wine Smart to start playing

And after opening the clamshell body becomes very thin, and to this mobile phone also has a physical shutter key, conscience.

Unfortunately, although the Wine Smart screen resolution is low, hand-play system there are still obvious Caton.

Currently Wine Smart in Taiwan released of color option has black and white two paragraph, both are has grid lines but shell of touch is completely different, black paragraph for somewhat anti-sliding of rubber texture; white version is is compared smooth of fog surface material, appearance Shang is also good of, but in a, surface Shang no yiqian flip phone idiomatic of used to displayed phone information of small screen, only has a star LED notification lamp done.

As for the touch screen and the keyboard at the same time, that we can be assured, Wine Smart systems LG special custom, most operations can use this keyboard operation function is perfect, for those who prefer the traditional function of user, is a big good news.

Wine Smart of keyboard and traditional of function phone almost, has familiar of big digital key and navigation button and calls and hanging broken button, but since used has Android system, natural also has mail, and contact people, and keyboard language switch and since set shortcuts, button, as asterisk key and ound key is is long by can opened notification bar or long by into mute mode, other button aspects, is Android standard of returns, and home page and menu button, to text entered convenient, There is a delete button, really I haven’t seen so many buttons Android cell phone. Hello Kitty Samsung Note 3 case

Open the back cover, 1700 mAh battery free replacement SD card slot in the battery compartment inside, a feeling of nostalgia came.

Wine Smart is actually older users of the main market, so specification was not high, but the entry-level configuration means it can have an entry level price, currently Taiwan’s listed price is equivalent to less than 1600 Yuan, went on sale on December 1.

Via Engadget Hello Kitty Note 3 cases

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Taiwan power company construction 2020 PV 500MW

Polaris solar PV net news: in line with the Government policy of promoting renewable energy, Taiwan power company (TaiPower) announced the launching of a new wave of construction of solar power systems work using its own building, land space, as well as Taiwan Salt reservoir, floodplain areas such as laying of panels, targeted 500MW by 2020 device.

Solar plan pushed by Taiwan in line with the Government, is expected to last for a period of 3 years, in five stages for construction. Phase I began in 2008 and end in 2014, set during the 18.2MW system. 2015 commenced the second phase of the project, is expected to be completed in 2018; the second phase of the project to all building roofs, ground to set space target NT more than 800 million Yuan, device 11MW, can produce 13 million a year on average, the equivalent of 3,300 Taiwan household electricity.

Taipower said that large-scale rooftop solar energy systems on the second phase of the project will be built, total device volume is estimated to be 1.7MW. In addition, it will also rectify Chiku in Tainan, Miaoli, white sands, 12 floor space, used to set the 9.9MW ground-type solar system. Taipower said, the second phase of the project with high conversion efficiency of crystalline silicon components, part of the roof the performances “PV-ESCO” mode of operation, can reduce the installation costs on the one hand, on the other hand can increase the scale.

By 2020 goal to develop, nearly the total unit volume 500MW

Apart from the first to second the construction of projects, Taiwan power company’s solar energy development plan has been planning to fifth. Disan、SI、wuqi appliance target of 100MW, 10MW, 300MW, respectively, is expected to be completed before 2020, building space, shut down power plants in Changhua, respectively, and General hydration reservoir waters, Tainan salt beach.


Taiwan power company construction 2020 PV 500MW

Include the second phase of construction, Taipower plans, landscape design of new solar power plant will be considered for inclusion, and try to operate as tourist attractions or places of environmental education, open public visiting.

In addition, Taipower is planning to promote construction of the sixth, which uses its own land, space of decommissioning nuclear power plants, build before 2020 30MW of solar systems. The size of the construction of the above six is close to 500MW. But the Taipower head said, the Government hopes that energy in 2025 device 1GW solar systems, 500MW of space, are still looking for.

Meanwhile, Taipower grid-connected solar-friendly measures will be implemented, the feeder is insufficient to accommodate areas of grid-connected solar system short, medium and long term plan of improvement, and improvement works to enhance the civil capacity of grid-connected solar systems.

Original title: Taiwan power company solar bujian, the 2020 target 500MW

Energy Thirteen Five planning published clean energy will become the largest

Polaris solar PV net news: on January 5, the National Energy Board releases the energy development “Thirteen-Five” renewable energy development plan and the “Thirteen-Five” plan (the “plan”). Planning for the next five years China’s energy consumption has made overall arrangements, to estimate non-fossil energy and gas consumption increases of coal increases 3 times more than doubled, accounting for 68% per cent of total energy consumption increases.

National energy Bureau Deputy Director Li Angzhe said at the press conference, the “Thirteen-Five” period, increasing its share of non-fossil energy consumption to more than 15%, natural gas consumption and strive to reach 10%, coal consumption is reduced to below 58%. “Clean and low-carbon energy would be ‘ Thirteen-Five ‘ during the increment of energy supply. “He said.

“As the subject of a clean energy future incremental, wind, solar and natural gas development is the future of energy consumption structure change of the hand. “Han Wenke, said Director of the Energy Research Institute, national development and Reform Commission.

The afternoon of January 5, the State Council issued the “Thirteen-Five” integrated work programme of energy saving and emission reduction, in addition to the control of energy consumption remained beyond the 500,000 tons, the main emissions are made specific provisions.

As the energy consumption structure change of hand, relevant policies to support nature. Since last October, intensive National Energy Board issued a series of documents, specific industry segments around the renewable energy and support policies were introduced one by one.

Natural gas, struggling with weak growth and relative monopolistic market structure since 2016, the National Energy Board and the national development and Reform Commission also issued a file system mechanism reform of natural gas. But starting in 2015 and 2016, overall progress, incremental gas consumption is not going well.

Energy planning has always thought

The plan, still puts the total energy consumption and intensity of the dual control, followed the previous file has been planning the caliber.

The planning requirements by 2020 control in less than 5 billion tons of standard coal in total energy consumption. Also, from an average annual growth rate, “Thirteen-Five” in total energy consumption is expected to rise by about 2.5%, “Twelve-Five” by 1.1%.

“With the economic and social development has entered a ‘ new normal ‘, energy consumption growth will gradually slow” Han Wenke described. He said 2.5% growth is expected, while the annual average growth compared to the first cut 1%-2%, for annual 3.6%-4.8%.

And before the release of the planning, one in 2014 as a “Twelve-Five” to “Thirteen-Five” the transition guidance document on the development of energy–the energy development strategy action plan (2014-2020), one of the plan and the plan, in terms of total consumption and consumption structure of access on the key requirements.

Plan required in 2020 will be about total energy consumption at 4.8 billion of standard coal, and coal consumption within a 62% control. Two-phase comparison, total energy consumption increase, but the proportion of coal consumption requirements more stringent, this requires starting from 2016, increase in energy consumption each year, more borne by the relatively cleaner natural gas and renewable energy.

Also test the wisdom of regulatory policy goals after the “Twelve-Five” plan there were requirements of natural gas consumption in the year 2015 at 240 billion cubic meters, but in fact there were only 194 billion cubic meters.

“Forces into full play in the preparation of the planning, organizing all research and demonstration of this in terms of the community, after a full and wide-ranging consultation process,” He Yongjian, Deputy Director of the energy Bureau of development planning Division said. “This target of development in line with the current situation of social development, in line with China’s national conditions, stage of development, is feasible. ”

According to the Department of energy projections from the energy intensity, current planning goals completed can also reduce energy consumption per unit of GDP 15%, 18% unit GDP carbon emission reduction requirements, but also have a certain room for indicators is feasible.

Meanwhile, in the context of air pollution, coal consumption was put forward higher requirements, forcing more clean energy development. “To achieve the 15% of non-fossil energy development goals, require non-fossil energy 230 million tons of standard coal, and natural gas consumption target of 10%, clean-energy consumption increase accounted for more than 70% of the total incremental energy consumption, increase of the remaining needed coal to fill, to maintain current consumption levels. “He said.

Seeking increased natural gas easily

In the preparation of the plan, natural gas consumption in 15% after the share of non-fossil energy consumption, the proportion of only 10%, the world average (24%), still less than half. Despite the great potential for growth, but this clean energy in China has encountered many difficulties.

“In 2014, our natural gas has maintained very high growth, benefiting from the economic development, and before that for more than a year of double-digit growth. “China National Petroleum economic and technological research institute expert Dan Weiguo told the 21st century business Herald reporter,” after 2014 because of the global energy prices and domestic economy into the new normal, changes in patterns of consumption of natural gas, resulted in natural gas consumption problems. ”

To address these problems, in the two years from 2015 to 2016, especially since this year, the State released several intensive reform policies related to natural gas, to “let go of two control center” reform policy of natural gas pipeline in the middle of links provided.

While in the downstream, at the end of 2015 open for users (other than fertilizer enterprises) price of natural gas Gate Station in 2016, and the opening up of fertilizer prices of enterprises valve stations, Fujian province, at the end of 2016 to implement market-oriented gas price pilot.

But in the case of policy is so intensive support, 176.4 billion cubic metres of natural gas as of end of November 2016 total consumption, consumption 19.3 billion cubic meters in November alone, growth of 7% and 6.3% respectively, experts is expected in 2016 the annual consumption of about 210 billion cubic meters, according to this calculation, natural gas accounted for all the energy gain will not be too great.

According to the current less than 6% to calculate the proportion of, want to achieve 2020 the proportion of 10% the need for an annual increase of about 1%. “At this speed is, (by 2020) achieved a ratio of 10% is really hard. “A natural gas industry told reporters.

Renewable energy breakthrough

Renewable clean energy increment current as an important starting point, take the Government “general expectation”. In the planning of its renewable energy development indicator, horizontal contrast regardless of the amount or speed is the world’s first.

On October 28 last year, introduced within two months of intensive biomass development, electric power, wind power, hydropower, solar energy, renewable “Thirteen-Five plan”.

However, the power stored energy as a very large economy, its production and consumption must be at the same time, this requires closely matching power ends and the production side, and power end with end of production in electricity demand and adjusting their level of power load.

Meanwhile, China’s wind power solar energy (Northwest) and hydropower (southwest) concentration areas are often not power mainly to dissolve, so “Twelve-Five” of the area due to large-scale construction during wind, light, and electricity appeared large areas of abandoned.

“National requirements until the end of 2020 installed capacity reaching more than 110 million kilowatts of solar power, this is the expectation of new energy industry development,” said Zhang Haobin, Haiyang energy Vice, “Although technically, costs, financing or face a lot of problems, but the prospects are extremely good. ”

Original title: energy “Thirteen-Five” planning published clean energy will become the largest increments

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Jiangsu electric power Thirteen Five plan by 2020 PV 8GW

Arctic star solar PV network news: for implement implementation Jiangsu Province economy and social development 13th a five years planning platform for and “four a revolution, and a cooperation” energy development strategy, December 27, 2016, I Board issued Jiangsu Province “Thirteen-Five” power development special planning (sangda modified energy sent (2016) 1518th,), proposed has province “Thirteen-Five” during power development of guideline, and principles, and development target, and focus task, and policy measures, is province “Thirteen-Five” Overall blueprint of electric power development and the programme of action.

Planning clear, to change power development way for mainline, to guarantees power supply security for primary task, to advance power structure optimization, to advance power energy-saving emissions, to advance strong intelligent grid construction, to advance technology equipment upgrade, to advance power reform, efforts building clean, and efficient, and security, and can continued of modern power industrial system, for construction “Qiang Fu beauty high” new Jiangsu provides solid reliable of power guarantees.

Annex: Jiangsu Province, the “Thirteen-Five” electric power development planning (release) 


Jiangsu electric power

Jiangsu electric power

 


Jiangsu electric power

Jiangsu electric power

Jiangsu electric power

Jiangsu electric power

Original title: Jiangsu power “Thirteen-Five” plan by 2020 PV 8GW

The National Energy Board the Thirteen Five scale of photovoltaic power generation

Polaris solar PV net news: National Energy Board News Conference, held on January 5, Liang Zhipeng, Deputy Director of the National Energy Board new Energy Division said in answering reporters ‘ questions, from “Thirteen-Five,” looking at the size of the PV, 105 million kW is not a limit, but a guiding development scale. If distributed PV market development environment changes faster, progress was good, the scale of construction will become larger. In addition, the size should not be too sensitive to photovoltaic power generation, photovoltaic utilization hours than lower in the central region can only be made over more than 1000 kWh of electricity per year per kilowatt, according to size only thermal power 1/4 of power. “Thirteen-Five” focus of attention is to advance photovoltaic technology, accelerate cost reductions to maximize State subsidy funds, not merely expanded.

In the PV industry technology progress, future measures to take two: one is by leader technologies base construction, upstream industry chain as a whole scale photovoltaic power plant and technological progress combined, this is a collaborative innovation, the purpose is to provide advanced technology markets, accelerating cost reduction. Second, in terms of distributed PV, combined with perfect mechanism, electricity price reform, promote market transactions, reduced transaction costs, and give full play to its advantages, enabling State subsidies to implement at an early date, so as to encourage investors to fully participate in the construction of distributed PV investment.

Original title: Department of energy: 105 million kWh photovoltaic power generation for guidance development

PV in power users side changes are spectators or pushing hands

Polaris solar PV net news: with demand slowing, power equipment utilization hours is constantly setting new lows and how to “abandon the wind”, “the abandoned”, “water”, and so on, has become the focus of public attention.

Available information suggests that the solution to this problem there are generally two possible directions, by increasing storage, load capacity-building, the second is in the construction and management of power demand side investments. The latter is what distributed energy including PV comes in.

In recent 2016 energy transformation Forum, national energy Bureau Deputy Director Li Angzhe said the National Energy Board will soon introduce measures to encourage wind power, photovoltaic projects supporting the construction of gas-fired peaking power plants, enhance the stability of power supply and reduce abandon wind up light.

In the same forum, Professor at Tsinghua University, the Chinese Academy of engineering academician Han Yingduo is artificial, in the context of several innovative low power equipment hours, for the power industry as a whole, requires thinking, more from the load point, user added power peak Valley purpose that side-angle, rather than by new power generation capacity to meet peak demand for electricity.

“United States residents can be 30% higher than the proportion in China, but actually inside the electric heating, electric air, water heater, refrigerator can be moved. Why peak load when you desperately in the burning water heater, added slightly move a little peak-Valley. ”

Energy entered a period of rapid development

Information display from the national power grid, which is located in Qingyuan, Jurong, Jiangsu, Fujian, Xiamen, fukang, Xinjiang pumped power station started.

Statistics show that four pumped-storage plant with total investment of 37.481 billion yuan, the total installed capacity of 5.75 million-kilowatt, all completed scheduled for 2024.

National Energy Board Director Noor? bekri said on a project for the mobilization, pumped storage power station is currently the most cost-effective storage facilities and enhanced operational flexibility, protection of power system in power system security, eliminating intermittent fluctuations such as new energy power to improve the network of support. With the increasing scale of nuclear power, wind energy, solar energy, needs to build more and more pumped.

The four pumped-storage power station’s construction, can be seen as a sign of peaking capacity-building to accelerate.

In accordance with the relevant plan of power system peak capacity would be promoted from the following aspects. A is to increased adjustable peak power of construction scale, first is pumping storage, “Thirteen-Five” during built 17 million-kilowatt, while in “Thirteen-Five” during starts construction 60 million-kilowatt; second is construction part adjustable peak with of gas electric, in planning in the deployment probably 5 million-kilowatt of adjustable peak gas electric of construction; three is increased has coal-fired power station flexibility of transformation efforts, increased coal electric adjustable peak of capacity. In the “Thirteen-Five” during the deployment of combined heat and power unit to transform the 133 million kilowatts, reform for pure condensing unit 86 million-kilowatt, mainly used to increase the “three North” area of peak capacity.

Meanwhile, to support these policies will strengthen the era of low energy alternatives, and research advance of peak-Valley electricity price policy, promoting a variety of ancillary services market, both duocuo and ensure the healthy and orderly development of renewable energy.

More “user side” issue

In the view of the industry, in addition to adding the necessary peak-shaving and storage capacity, for the power system as a whole, in order to solve this problem, you also need to rack their brains in this regard from the user side.

Han Yingduo, said, China’s electricity installed capacity is to meet peak load to standards, but load times are volatile, especially at the height of the load and down load, the difference is very large, this will inevitably lead to large-scale electric power installed capacity idle.

“According to 6,000 hours to count, now operating 4,000 hours, our thermal power installed capacity by the end of 2015 years 900,000,009, counted as 1 billion one-third what does parked mean 300 million installed parked. “He said.

Further view, current of power industry is experience with a rather embarrassing of case, side is thermal power, generator group using hours number constantly innovation low, different of power power Zhijian to compete for power right and make have bee; and another side is is, in high temperature weather, with electricity volume of increased, part area still exists with frequently blackout of situation, that appeared so-called of local structural deficiency electric case.

In this regard, insiders argue that in the electric power industry, whether it’s policy or specific power-user, habit of mass production, unity, conveying the inherent monopoly mind-set. But in today’s distributed energy to develop, this way not long ago “Huashan a way”, and should be more feasible, taking into account the economic costs and social costs, such as, the “strategy” to solve the problem.

However, PV, how to use wave energy to the Internet, better promote and comply with the power of “user side” trend for change for themselves and strive for greater space for development, it is a test of its ability to innovate.

Original title: power users side changes, PV is the “spectators” or “pushing hands”?

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Innovation in energy industry Boli multimedia distribution Bo Li concentrated

Polaris solar PV net news: Boli Multimedia Holdings Limited, is a global high-tech company based in Silicon Valley, the company recently announced, will be released on January 5, 2017 at Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas show the latest Boli renewable solar energy technology.

Boli solar is a solar system technology development, the technology will change the entire energy industry. In 2017, CES show, Boli multimedia released its fourth and fifth of renewable solar energy products-Boli enhance and Boli solar doubled.

This solution has applied for a patent in the world, is the use of a mirror or reflective feinier lens technology to spotlight, light to the focal area. The mirror can also be mounted directly on the photovoltaic panels, mainly to improve solar panel efficiency.


Innovation in energy industry! Boli multimedia distribution Bo Li concentrated technology for solar energy Enhancer and double

Map: Boli concentrator structure diagram

Boli solar booster has the following characteristics:

Can be used on the installed solar panels, used to boost power generation capacity, faster return on investment

Has a peak density of 1.3 times, enhance the efficiency of PV device has a fixed

Has a fixed photovoltaic installations producing 1.4 times more than double the annual electricity generation

Connects directly and has a fixed solar installations, do not have to re-layout, easy to install

Widely applicable to a single photovoltaic panels and installing a large solar power plant

Boli solar doubled, representing an amplifier more powerful, specific advantages are as follows:

By side reflective Fresnel lens and mirror, achieving the double photovoltaic output

Improve annual energy output to 1.8-fixed photovoltaic device twice

Suitable for any photovoltaic panels, with or without shaft can

Is with an automatic cleaner, low-cost single-axis Tracker premium selection

Characteristically this product is for customers to reduce costs and increase the generating capacity of 1.4-twice. Boli Multimedia Holdings Limited CEO Dr Hu Xiaoping said: “with the current solar panel prices, our solutions will reduce costs for more than 30%, more efficient solar panels more economically attractive. This technology enables utility-scale solar power plants more economical than fossil fuel power stations immediately. ”

About Boli Multimedia Holdings Limited

Boli Multimedia Holdings Limited was established in 2002, has three subsidiaries, respectively, in the United States California, Shenzhen and Hong Kong, China. Boli Multimedia Holdings Limited has applied for more than 90 patents in the world, covers a wide range of images and clean energy technologies. The company has two business units: Imaging and solar power. Active solar energy systems for the company’s goal is to help solve the problem of global warming, and rid the world of fossil energy constraints.

India and Spain pushed GW level solar bid

Polaris solar PV net news: demand for solar energy is no longer only the traditional powers of the world, emerging markets such as South America, India, the Middle East countries, growing up in 2016 for all to see. India market is the most dynamic new market, while abundant sunshine Spain also has considerable potential. These two markets have recently completed or ongoing GW-level solar case.

India stronger demand for one-month mark 1.7GW,2017 years will

PVMagazine reports India above 1.7GW were completed in the month of December 2016 solar bid, including 1GW by India Association of solar energy (Solar Energy Corporation of India,SCEI) implemented by the roof type solar energy project, will be installed on the India national Government Office building roof. 500MW in tanmiernadebang and 250MW in Orissa’s project, as well as a number of scattered projects.

MercomCapital the results of the survey showed that India Solar completed in December 2016, the bid is smaller than doubling November 755MW. Overall, India 2016 the booming solar market shows unprecedented atmosphere, and this momentum will continue into the year 2017.

Tanmiernadebang Power Manager on January 1 has been agreed with the local Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation (TANGEDCO) launched 500MW bid. Ratio on the TANGEDCO results of the last bid, the new bid price the opportunity to fall below kWh4.5 India rupees (about 0.07 US dollars) price.

Spain: first quarter of 2017 will push 3GW

Spain earlier on belonging to the solar development market, and also have the rich sunlight resource, but the requirements expire in 2012 solar FIT after subsidies had no significant growth. However, the Spain Government has announced a policy on renewable energy development, and is expected to launch in the first quarter of 2017, including solar power, scale up to 3GW bid.

Spain’s renewable energy scale 17.3% in 2014, but the slowdown in growth the past two years. Further development objectives of the Government, want to raise the proportion of renewable energy in 2020 to 20% and increase the amount of solar power generation equipment. To this end, Spain will launch in the first quarter of 2017 3GW competition design. According to PVMagazine reports, it will be Spain in 2012 years later, first in wind, biomass, and other types of renewable energy.

Original title: market demand, Spain, and India were pushing GW level bid

2016 PV the leading spirits raised

Polaris solar PV net news: in 2016, for the PV industry is significant, because after June 30 price cut, PV installing surge occurred nationwide in the first half, killed former PV installed capacity reached June 22 gigawatts over 2016 goal for the year 18.1 GW. Industry expected in China in 2016 new PV installed capacity could exceed 31 GW will continue to lead the global PV market.

These achievements and continuing, strong policy support. According to reporter incomplete statistics, in 2016, only supports the development of photovoltaic industry policy at the national level there are 14. All related support policies are in place everywhere. Overall, in this year, presents a State of dynamic development of the photovoltaic industry as a whole. Distributed PV development significantly accelerated pace, falling component costs, PV parity seems closer and closer to us.

Photovoltaic industry is a booming trend

PV installing surge in first half of directly promoting the development of domestic market of Silicon. For example, in the first half, only longi Silicon shares the main products and components to achieve substantial growth in sales, components of which shipped more than 2 gigawatts.

In addition, the “leader” large effects base on PV module market share. As in the “leader” base score, a very important criterion is the conversion efficiency of PV modules. Which requires silicon solar module conversion efficiency 17%. According to press reports, the overall level of domestic production of monocrystalline silicon production line of single crystal 80% of products can meet the above requirements, some companies even more than 90% products are standard. In June 2016, incorporation of Datong “leader” bases, for example: total 1016 megawatts of photovoltaic components. Among them, the silicon components 609 MW, 60% per cent.

It is clear that Crystal’s market share will expand gradually, means a huge market demand. To this end, in early 2016, longi shares with the city of Lijiang, Baoshan city, Yunnan province, signed a letter of intent in Chuxiong Prefecture, forming a total of 10 gigawatts of Silicon rods, Silicon intent; its subsidiaries in Central Inner Mongolia, central co intends to add 8 gigawatts of photovoltaic materials of single crystal silicon and monocrystalline silicon project.

In addition to Silicon, 2016 also have produced most of the polysilicon production enterprise with sales in the first half, even the phenomenon of short supply. Data show that 2016 1 in June, China poly silicon productions up to 95,000 tons, an increase of 28.4%, the main Enterprise gross profit rate above 20%.

Under the influence of the first half of the domestic market, other manufacturing sectors, there’s a similar situation. Figures showed China PV industry association in 2016, yield about 27 GW of PV modules in the first half, an increase of 37.8%. 42 components of which average capacity utilization ratio was 88.6%, up 9%.

Due to sharp increase in capacity utilization, coupled with technological innovations continued brought down costs, PV enterprises profit margins rose sharply in the first half. According to statistics, in first half of 2016, 38 photovoltaic module manufacturer’s net profit increase, average profit rate reached 5%, an increase of 3%. Longi shares exceeding 800 million Yuan profit the industry first.

Installing, after the third quarter, although many companies net profits declined, but still have a lot of higher sales revenue. Jinkosolar is an example, the company’s third-quarter earnings: solar product shipments to 1606 megawatts, an increase of 41.6%. Total revenue of 5.7 billion yuan, an increase of 39%.

Department statistics showed that by 2016 in the third quarter, China poly silicon production of 145,000 tons, an increase of nearly 30%, 7 over million tons of capacity. Module production 37 gigawatts, up 30%.

In General, under the policies of 2016 PV industry in China from the “export-led” transitional “domestically driven” mode. Under the in the PV industry, upstream polysilicon, Silicon link excess, prices fell sharply, leading enterprises in the strong stronger. Middle reaches of most solar cell, battery packs link thin, threshold is low, competition is still the leading enterprises of the world. Photovoltaic power plant construction and operation process and raw materials, the most lucrative, the nuggets became a stampede of capital.

Accelerated distributed PV development

In the “6˙30″ after installing surge, although the PV installed capacity has fallen sharply in the third quarter, but short-term adjustment does not affect the long-term the momentum of development of the photovoltaic industry. According to statistics, the total PV installed capacity growth in the first three quarter of more than 100%.

2016 ground station in the first half, but after the August percentage of distributed PV accelerating. According to statistics from related departments, 2016-1 ~ October, distributed PV new installed capacity of 3.3 million-kilowatt, an increase of 45%.

2016 distributed PV new markets mainly in Zhejiang, Shandong, Jiangsu, Anhui, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Shanghai and other Eastern regions.

August 2016, distributed PV accelerated development occurred in the Western region is an important cause of the serious phenomenon of abandoned light. Energy Research Institute, national development and Reform Commission, according to the data provided, 2016-1 ~ October, Xinjiang, Gansu, abandon rate of 29%, 30%. Xinjiang in October left rates at 46%. In West China to abandon power without effective solving cases, PV eastward faster.

According to press reports, only in the first quarter of 2016, East China, central China, North China and the southern PV power installed totaled 25.6 million-kilowatt, exceeded that of North 23.64 million-kilowatt, which installed the larger province of Jiangsu, as at the end of November, distributed PV installed capacity reached 5.1977 million kW, becoming the largest distributed PV cumulative installed capacity of provinces.

In General, distributed PV installation on the roof, now, with the power station construction and the use of the sharp fall in the cost of the roof, rooftop photovoltaic industry scrambling to enter the market “Blue Ocean”. Development and construction of the largest photovoltaic power plant operator Concord new energy recently launched against the roof PV power station “Golden Roof” project, with the first batch of 18 provinces (municipalities) focus area. According to Qian Wei, Director of the company distributed business investment introduced only had in Suqian, Jiangsu haian, Yangzhou, Suzhou and started a total of 100 megawatts of rooftop projects.

In addition, there is Germany, apt, sea run, Elken, core base, and other companies also turned his investment focus distributed PV market.

Since 2016, distributed PV is the best news on December 26, released by the national development and Reform Commission on reducing new benchmark PV onshore wind power price notification (hereinafter referred to as the notice) clearly: distributed solar power subsidies does not adjust. Which will help to guide the optimization layout of PV industry and encourage the eastern region to develop distributed PV.

Insiders told reporters, although the present West power station, but small load, a lot of power need to delivery, the current downward pressure due to the economic increase effects, gradually reduce the demand for electricity in the East, Western electric power delivery would be further reduced. As the East itself is the load Center, development of distributed PV mass transportation is not a problem. Therefore, 2017 Department will meet with distributed PV development in the Middle East.

PV closer and closer to parity

On October 25, 2016, in wuhai in Inner Mongolia “leader” in the base bid, Yingli energy 0.45 Yuan/kWh of ultra-low-cost bid. The price below the current commercial price to make the trade shock.

Above the industry told reporters that for the PV industry, continuous progress of lower component costs, technical efficiency, and can change the price of PV industry and early achievement of parity. 2016 PV “leader” base pricing, and gradually lower the core or as component costs will be reduced. This has very important significance for promoting photovoltaic and cheap Internet access.

Reporter understand to, near ten years to, through technology innovation and scale development, China PV component of price from 10 years Qian each w near 50 Yuan around, Xia down to each w 4 Yuan around; PV inverse variable device price from 10 years Qian each w 2 Yuan around Xia down to 2 hair money around; whole PV system of price from 10 years Qian each w 60 Yuan around, Xia down to now each w 7 Yuan, corresponding of PV electric price declined has 76%.

“PV ultimate objective is parity, in fact, is improving the conversion efficiency of products and reduce costs. “Electro-electronic equipment group chairman Liu Jidong believes that PV power station equipment covers a lot, which is very important is battery, battery good, efficiency can be improved.

It is understood that the present monocrystalline silicon cell efficiencies of full commercialization of 20.5%, Si module is 18.

5%. Future in photovoltaic “leader” plan led by the PV cell conversion efficiency is bound to be further enhanced.

The circular clearly stated: after January 1, 2017, one to three categories of resources to create a new benchmark price of photovoltaic power stations than in 2016 respectively down 0.15 Yuan, 0.13 Yuan, 0.13 Yuan/kWh. Now gradually cut subsidies has become an indisputable fact in the industry, which makes photovoltaic business more clearly recognized, you must further reduce costs and improve efficiency, achieving parity at an early date.

According to the relevant Department, China poly silicon costs will be in the “Thirteen-Five” period dropped to $8/kg, in accordance with the price drop trend, probably in 2018-2019 can see the PV the dawn of cheap Internet access.

In 2016, China PV industry development success, but still faces many challenges. Abandoned power remains a serious problem, non-technical costs significantly higher, which erode the technological advances. In this regard, China PV Industry Association Secretary-General Wang Bohua said, in 2017, China will speed up the survival of the fittest, accelerating integration of the photovoltaic industry restructuring strengthen international market development, increased enthusiasm for going out.

Original title: 2016 annual contributions 丨 PV: PV leads the morale of Yang

Japan 2016 solar industry record high number of bankrupt enterprises

Polaris solar PV net news: according to Kyodo News, Japan 2016 Corporate bankruptcies hit a record high of solar energy-related business. 2016-1 ~ November bankruptcies reached 55, it has been since 2000, the highest since the survey began (2015, 54). Some analysts pointed out that, in addition to renewable fixed purchase prices dropped steadily slowing market expanded outside, enterprises everywhere lead to intensification of competition are also factors.

Period total liabilities of the bankrupt enterprise 22.316 billion yen (about 1.3 billion yuan), exceeded the previous peak of 2015 21.355 billion yen.

Economy, trade and industry has said will cut residential solar power purchase price for Tokyo Commerce and industry research firm, said: “solar industry bubble period is coming to an end, enterprise’s survival of the fittest may well continue for some time. ”

The survey for the manufacturing of solar system device retailing, construction, electric power companies to buy and sell. 2012-2014 fluctuation of bankrupt enterprises closer to the 30 or so in 2015, soar.

Commerce and industry research firm in Tokyo 2016 1 September bankruptcy analysis showed that because of “poor sales” bankruptcy had 21, 50% per cent of all then followed by “operational failure” with 8, 19%; ” Lack of working capital, “6, 14.2%. Joined the feasibility after poor business or with too little capital management, performance expectations, errors occur leading to bankruptcy, or orders, failure of the expected expansion led to more desperate situation.

Liabilities in bankruptcy between 100 million ~5 billion yen for 18, the proportion most is 42.8%. In bankrupt enterprises of all industries in the same period, debt in enterprises accounted for between 10 million ~5 million yen more than most, is 54.3%. It is learnt that, due to solar-related companies that need huge costs in upfront investment in equipment, so the sheets have a tendency to increase.

Original title: Japan 2016 solar industry record-high number of bankrupt enterprises