China PV road at sea on two occasions

Polaris solar PV net news: after 2010, China’s new energy industry, particularly wind power, photovoltaic power generation industry began a “troubled” life. Different from other energy products, higher levels of photovoltaic product market, basic product-pricing and market conditions change, so the frequent ups and downs and overseas cooperation is even more striking. From excess capacity to “double reverse” then slightly recovery, photovoltaic industry experienced a round of “walk out – come back–walked out” process. Struggled with the product, she always “rope” seal.

Exports for the first time was to stumble

After 2005, the PV industry in China, with its “clean, green, renewable” and other features quickly attract all kinds of capital this week, coupled with government support, PV manufacturers rushing headlong into mass action, 2005-2012 just seven years, China’s PV capacity from 0.42-35 GW GW expansion, upstream supply units, as well as large-scale production influence China PV products at low prices.

China PV product with its price advantage, quickly enter the European and American markets, 2012 data show that China’s export totaled 27 gigawatts of photovoltaic products, accounting for about 85% in the production of photovoltaic market is heavily dependent on foreign, mainly to EU markets. Irrational enterprise sales structure and ability to resist risks, as well as its future crisis lay hidden. The first half of 2013, photovoltaic products to the EU once again China double, PV enterprises an instant “Lam Hung a” product into slow-moving, global scale first in early 2014 for Suntech bankruptcy reorganization model.

Export betting on domestic

Facing photovoltaic companies collectively into a crisis, the Government introduced a series of policy incentives. End of July 2013, the State Council issued the opinions on promoting the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry, opinion makes clear that “higher electricity price for support in priority industrial and commercial enterprises, industrial park construction scale of distributed PV systems. Support in schools, hospitals, government agencies, public institutions, community buildings, and other structures such as the promotion of small distributed PV systems. “Raised photovoltaic projects in public sector construction boom, well, the end of 2013, China has 16 polysilicon companies started.

August 2013, the national development and Reform Commission issued a document in succession, clearly a nationwide distributed in photovoltaic feed-in tariff subsidy standards for 0.42 Yuan/kWh. In addition, centralized PV project pricing for scribing, bottom-end is 0.9 RMB/kWh, followed by 0.95 Yuan/kWh and 1.0 Yuan/kWh. PV projects besides being able to make up for the losses, but there is a part of the profit, which greatly stimulated the development of downstream PV. By the end of 2013, more than 10 gigawatts of new PV installed capacity in China, is in 2012, the total installed capacity of twice. Solar Panel domestic sales ratio also increased from 15% in 2010 to 2013 43%.

Despite rapid expansion in the domestic market, but also unable to digest all the photovoltaic capacity. PV enterprises began to actively seek other importing countries.

Exports again groped

2014 1 May, China’s exports growth of PV cells 25.6%, exports diversified features, cuts risk of over-reliance on a single market.

At present, Japan has become China’s PV’s biggest export market, accounting for 34.8%; 19% exports to Europe; exports to the United States 19%, Japan, and Korea and other emerging market developments quickly. Traditional markets have shrunk, in Europe in 2012 and 2013 respectively occupy the total export of 67% and 30%. Japan and the United States, and India, and South Africa, and Korea, and Singapore and other countries and regions of the export share is increasing. Export PV enterprises fell, according to reports, export photovoltaic products in China in 2013 records 420 enterprises, while in January-February this year has shrunk to 261.

In June 2014, China’s Photovoltaic Association was founded, China PV industry exports gradually began to look for “policy”, and actively carry out self-discipline, and not just in terms of low price, some companies have started to consciously and optimize the product structure, export prices rose.

Problem still not optimistic

Despite the overall upbeat export performance, but “double reverse” shadows still hang over Chinese PV industry.

January 2014, United States again launched China on beauty export crystal silicon PV products “double anti-” survey, June 2 announced of early CD results on China PV enterprise is adverse; May 14, Australia decided on since China imports of PV component and panel launched anti-dumping survey; May 22, India on native Yu China, and China Taiwan, and Malaysia and United States of solar Board made anti-dumping end CD, China PV products export of road still no “Royal”.

Meanwhile, in the face of improving photovoltaic market, there have been many crystalline silicon photovoltaic solar module business recovery starts, even new entrants and expanding enterprises, China PV industry capacity continues to grow. By May 2014, polysilicon prices in China rose to 16 Yuan/ton (or 30% per cent from a year earlier and above), and polysilicon manufacturers started production a strong desire, enriched in carbon resources area, annual production capacity of million tons of new items have been released. Data shows that by the end of 2014, our photovoltaic total capacity is expected to reach 50 GW, excess pressures remain.

In addition, during the development of new energy industries, subsidy policies to guide social investment, promote industrial development has played an irreplaceable role. But with the new energy industry technology innovation, cost reduction, and efficiency is low, the appearance of overcapacity and other problems, European and American countries started to cut subsidies for new energy. In Germany, Government on new PV project of Internet electric price subsidies cut 20%~30%, and 2012 years subsidies total is 2011 of half, is 2010 of one-third; Italy provides on PV of subsidies yearly declined; Switzerland from October 2012 began cuts new PV project subsidies, average range for 15%; Japan also strengthened has on new Shang PV project of monitoring, and high of subsidies has to Government caused huge pressure, not excluded late gradually reduced of May.

China PV product exported did not, as expected, run smooth again, diversified export strategy, technological innovation, such as reduced costs, improved product quality remains the key concern. Preventive and long and hard lines.

Original title: China PV road at sea on two occasions

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