Polaris solar PV net news: energy strategies concerning future energy development, layout, and affects energy investment decisions and management operation. At present, China is formulating energy “Thirteen-Five” Planning (including master planning, special planning and regional planning), strategic action plan for energy development (2014-2020), energy security, development, energy production and consumption revolution strategy (2015-2020).
From the perspective of Administration recently disclosed information, strategies for future energy development and reform-oriented basic clear – total energy consumption control, clean and efficient use of coal, and vigorously develop clean energy, and energy is the main content of the reform.
A, the total energy consumption control
At present, China’s energy strategy from the supply, and began to shift to control energy consumption. This means that open and energy production and consumption will be under control, control means compulsory administrative measures can be taken, also can be achieved by raising energy prices and reducing subsidies.
Looking back at the past decade’s energy consumption path, “Eleven-Five” during China’s total energy consumption in 2005 from 2.36 billion tons of standard coal, 3.25 billion tonnes per cent in 2010, with an average annual growth rate of 6.6%. According to energy “Twelve-Five” planned expectations, total energy consumption in 2015 at 4 billion tons of standard coal. Slowdown in the economic downturn, energy consumption situations, this goal is achievable.
Agency calculates that if under unchanged policy environment, in accordance with past economic development measure, in 2020, China’s total energy consumption will reach about 5.4 billion tons of standard coal, in 2030 will be close to 7 billion tons of standard coal. Obviously this kind of growth is unsustainable, ecological environment and the international environment will come under great pressure.
Control energy consumption is controlled mainly coal. Long-term target in the national total coal consumption will be developed, the implementation of goal responsibility management. Has made clear is that in 2017, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta region and strive to realize the total coal consumption growth, coal down to 65% per cent of total energy consumption in 2020, and strive to make coal declined to 62% per cent of primary energy consumption, coal consumption in thermal coal accounted for above 60%.
Control energy consumption directly affects the future energy project development and approval. Direct expression, development of high energy-consuming industries such as iron and steel, cement, non-ferrous will be subdued; the Bohai, Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and the new (extension) coal-fired units would be strictly controlled rapid increase in coal production will be constrained.
Second, energy production continues to move West
Is still the main positions of our energy production in the Western region. According to the national “five two” concept, future Erdos, Southwest, Northeast, Shanxi, Xinjiang, five major energy bases, nuclear power and offshore energy development with 2.
Coal development “stable control in Eastern, Central, Western development” the General requirements, still dominated by 14 major coal bases. Priority development of Inner Mongolia, huanglong and bases in northern Shaanxi, consolidating the development of shendong, ningdong, Shanxi bases, limiting development in Eastern, Western Shandong, Henan, Hebei and Huaibei base, optimize the development base in Xinjiang. Central region (North-East) to maintain reasonable strength, according to “take a set” mode, building resource-exhausted mine production continued moderately project.
Oil and gas development is to improve onshore oil production, consolidation of old oil fields, develop new fields and increase the intensity of low grade resource development and utilization. While developing shale gas and offshore oil and gas exploration and development, “World War II”. From focusing on Development Watch, addition to the exploitation of maritime resources, and Tarim, Changqing, Qaidam and Sichuan, Chongqing, and other Central and Western regions is the focus of future exploration and development.
Third, pay attention to the clean and efficient development and utilization of coal
It cannot be denied that reason based on resource endowments, and coal as the main energy source of the future status will not change. Clean and efficient use of coal will receive greater attention, national energy administration official even suggested that “to promoting the clean and efficient use of coal and the development of clean energy in the equally important position.”
The main directions of power is a clean and efficient use of coal. According to the national action plan for coal electric energy-saving upgrades, new coal-fired units power supply coal consumption of less than 300 grams of standard coal per kilowatt hour, pollutant emissions close to the levels of gas emissions in 2020, active duty unit 600,000-kilowatt and above power supply coal consumption dropped to 300 grams of standard coal per kilowatt hour. In recent years, generating corporate environmental pressures continue to overweight, environmentally friendly inputs in the policy under the pressure of having to increase. Such as supercritical circulating fluidized bed of power generation, efficient and clean power generation technologies will also be promoted and supported.
In addition, modern coal chemical industry is one of the clean use of coal, and coal fuel to feedstock transitional. Be limited by constraints such as environmental protection, water resources, the State remains cautious on the development of coal chemical industry, further limited by modern coal chemical technology, coal chemical industry commercialization and large-scale development is expected in the short term will not appear, as strategic complements and technical reserves, still dominated by robust demonstration project.
Four, hydro, nuclear, wind, solar, etc will still be developing
Under the goal of non-fossil energy accounted for more than 20%, energy production and consumption, “green” is expected to speed up the process.
According to the relevant planning information 2020 strives to hydroelectric installed capacity of around 350 million kW. 2020 years ago developed Yalong, dadu and jinsha, Lancang River, after 2020 focuses on the development of nujiang and Yarlung zangbo River.
According to adhere to both centralized and distributed, centralized sent and eliminate the principle of combining in situ, in 2020, wind power and photovoltaic power installed capacity of more than 200 million and 100 million-kilowatt, respectively. Electricity feed-in tariff of wind power price and coal, photovoltaic and grid sales price.
It can be measured, by 2020, wind power installed capacity has added an average around 20 million-kilowatt, PV installed capacity annual average around 15 million-kilowatt. Despite the desert wind, abandon light pressure, but from the perspective of resource characteristics, the “three North” area is still the main positions of future wind power, photovoltaic power plant.
As the size increases, the future clean energy not only attaches importance to the increase in installed capacity, grid-connected and focused on the improvement of absorptive capacity. Wind, abandon light, to reduce disposable water problems, power supply, power grids and construction will be among the future attention, especially trans-regional power grid construction investment is still the focus, reverse distribution in an integrated energy production and consumption.
Although domestic nuclear power project approval has not been lifted, but its development is indispensable. In accordance with the relevant plan, run by 2020 nuclear power installed capacity reached 58 million-kilowatt, under construction size of 30 million-kilowatt, but only if using the highest possible international safety standard, to ensure safety. It seems that, a unit of nuclear power installed capacity of wind power solar energy equivalent to nearly 4 unit nuclear power installed capacity less than 10 million-kilowatt of power system installed capacity increased by about 55 million-kilowatt, total system cost increase of 589 billion yuan.
Five, energy reform focused on oil and gas and electricity sectors
At present, our energy system there is a natural monopoly and administrative monopoly issues, competition in the market is not sufficient. In terms of energy management, the Government controls on the prices of oil, natural gas, electric power, there are some, loss of role of markets in allocating resources, resource products price distortions.
According to energy production and consumption revolution requires, restore energy commodity property, build an effective competitive market structures and market systems, formed mainly by the market mechanism to determine the price of energy, change the way government energy regulation, establish and improve the energy system of the rule of law.
Future energy price reform, the reform of the monopoly in the field of energy, energy market liberalization and the transformation of government functions will be the focus of the institutional revolution. In the energy industry, electric power and oil and gas issues more, is expected to be the focus of a new round of institutional revolutionary field. Priority need to focus on access to oil and gas mineral rights reforms and private capital to enter the oil and gas sector reform; power grid, oil and gas pipeline construction and operation system reform; natural gas and electricity market reform.
In terms of government regulation, is expected to focus on the reform in the public approval process, changing the way of examination and approval, and restrain public power, getting prior approval for supervision and services and so on.
Original title: “Thirteen-Five” energy road map: China’s energy strategy and impact analysis