Get rid of fossil fuels of the China renewable energy roadmap 2050 says

Polaris solar PV net news: Danish renewable energy development project came to an end, the most important results of the China renewable energy roadmap 2050, today’s results. Road map depicts China’s wind power, solar energy, biomass energy path and trend of future development. Disclose the main elements of the road map could see their first time, conveniently listen to Shi Lishan, Deputy Director of the National Energy Council, Energy Research Institute, national development and Reform Commission and the national renewable energy Center expert how to read.

Get rid of fossil fuels

The China renewable energy roadmap 2050 main conclusions

China’s wind power development roadmap:

China Solar roadmap:

Main points:

Solar power battery technology research and development will remain active, improving efficiency and reducing manufacturing costs remain major development direction in the future.

Photovoltaic power generation costs are kept a downward trend, full realization of PV parity by 2025.

Distributed PV under policy guidance from 16% market share is gradually expanding, in the short and medium term will focus on the development of balanced, medium-and long-term, distributed PV architectural resources saturation tends to stability in the market, due to centralized PV plants plenty of desert resources, network-building and absorptive capacity of strengthened and more with strong development potential.

Solar thermal power generation over the medium term, as an intermediate load and the peak load is expected to compete with conventional energy prices and possibly through solar disc-type heat power generation and solar power technology breakthrough to push the distributed application.

Solar energy heat utilization technologies mature, widely used set in the field of medium and low temperature. In the short and medium term, solar hot-water cooling (hot water, heating and cooling) system will greatly reduce the cost of, you can explore the commercialization. From which the term thermal use of solar energy in industrial and agricultural fields are expected to play a huge role energy conservation and emission reduction.

China’s biomass energy development roadmap:

Main sources of biomass resources in China is in the process of social production residues and wastes produced.

Future development of the biomass energy industry in China will continue to adhere to the “not to compete with others for food, does not compete with the food” principle.

By 2030, China the cost of various types of biomass energy technologies provide energy products shall be equal to or lower than in the same period, total costs of similar fossil fuel products.

By 2030, industry mainly in the development of biomass energy biomass power generation, heating and bio-gas.

After 2030, bio-liquid fuel will enter a period of rapid development, increases of raw materials essential for the production of bio-liquid fuel demand.

Analysis of comprehensive factors such as resources, technology and market capacity, and by 2050, total biomass energy can replace fossil fuels will be more than 300 million tons of standard coal.

By 2050, the total biomass resources available about 600 million tons of standard coal, energy crops and plants available to about 150 million tons of standard coal.

Deputy Director of the NDRC’s Energy Research Institute, the Danish renewable energy development project Executive Director Wang Zhongying:

Personally, I think the first step of the research results, is 2050, a high proportion of renewable energy development in China and the ways to study.

To show this is the first step of the research results, 2050, a high proportion of renewable energy exactly what is coming from the direction, energy consumption of 3.2 billion tons of standard coal by 2050, total final energy consumption by more than 60% of electricity, direct consumption of fossil energy for 900 million tons of standard coal. Power supply non-fossil energy accounted for more than 91%, renewable energy accounted for more than 86%.

3.4 billion tons of standard coal in 2050 ‘s primary energy supply, non-fossil energy accounted for above 66%. In 2050, non-fossil energy production to 2.24 billion tons of standard coal by 2050, 7 times as long as an economy to 2010 levels, with an average annual growth rate at around 5%. When the per capita GDP is US $ 30,000 (2005 dollar values).

Ecosystem what effect? if we achieve it, various pollutants, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, heavy metals emissions lower than China’s 1980 emission levels. 2050 3 billion tons of carbon dioxide emissions, 2010 our country carbon dioxide emissions were 6.7 billion tons, when 217 million tons of emissions per capita. I’ll give you two 2010 average of 4.4 tons of carbon dioxide emissions per capita in the world, 90 world average per-capita 3.99 tons. 1.4 billion tons of carbon dioxide emissions in the electricity sector, 2010 electricity sector emissions of 3.2 billion tons, down by more than half, that is 91% non-fossil power contribution. So if this scenario, China will understand your environment best beautiful China times.

Explore the feasibility of this. In our design, by 2050, China’s car ownership should be around 500 million, 400 million units of electric vehicles. Power will dominate in the future energy systems, wind power, solar power will dominate the power system. Energy supply will rely on the energy of the Internet, this 400 million electric vehicles on the future electricity market in the first place was a huge support. 400 million electric vehicles will sustain power system stability, reliability, and run even more efficiently.

Why not? let me give a simple example, supporting Beijing electric power system simulation of electric vehicle. Beijing has close to 6 million in cars, assuming 2030 years to 10 million units, if 50%, or 5 million electric cars, electric car recharge the power feedback according to the contribution of each of 7 kW, the electric car battery is about 100-120 km, you can make a contribution with 7 kW to the grid. Then 5 million electric vehicles can be the difference between peak and Valley electricity cut in Beijing.

Further thoughts on technological progress. Staring us in the face of the United States, Tesla, endurance of more than 500 km, a recent online news, Spain Graphene battery can enable them to hold up to 1000 km, if slightly conservative battery 300 kilometers, each electric power system could contribute significantly to increasing from 7-kilowatt to 20-kilowatt. Only electric cars at that time, 2 million units of no more than 3 million electric vehicles, it can make no difference between peak and Valley power systems in Beijing.

Electric cars is only one of many power systems and technology in the future, the future will also have a variety of storage technologies, intelligent information transmission and control technology, and so on.

National renewable energy Center Vice Director of Hu Gao:

Total wind energy resources in our country enough to support our goal of large-scale wind energy development. Countries also established nine qianwanqianwa grade wind levels, layouts in the North and coastal areas. We examined seven bases each time economy, specific conclusions are seven bases of economic exploitation amount can be more than 1 billion-kilowatt.

Our country is also very rich in solar resources, even East-resource is not a particularly good places are far much better than in Europe. Solar technology a lot, including thermal power, in these technical routes are there competing, so do road map is very difficult to accurately describe each technique in the future direction of development. But anyway, falling costs, and continuing innovation in technology, photovoltaics, solar-thermal power, solar thermal utilization main driving force of development.

Technology than the solar energy utilization technology of biomass energy is even more complex. Overall biomass potential is very large, could reach 300 million tons of total size, now use a small amount, just 10%. For waste, planting crops, agricultural and forestry residues do quantitative research can be obtained in the future, different time nodes now for total agricultural waste is the largest cellulose.

Shi Lishan, Deputy Director of the National Energy Board new Energy Division:

Denmark is the world’s countries with the highest proportion of total generating capacity of wind power, 13 power generation accounts for all electricity 32%, Denmark’s share of bio-energy in total energy consumption reached 18%, at present Denmark is already a typical distributed energy systems, has the typical features of the power system in the future. Used to be a limited number of large power stations, now has turned to hundreds of distributed power station, apart from the wind outside, most fueled by natural gas and biomass. Denmark 50% power is produced by cogeneration power plant and special period run is very reasonable. Denmark cogeneration generally has a thermal storage facility, the excess heat is stored, loaded with electricity, so energy efficiency is very high. Even Denmark also has a very high degree of flexibility in thermal power plants, and lowest in Denmark several times to us, can reach maximum load is the maximum of 10%, which is unimaginable in our area, let alone do.

We are not thinking of technical problems, more should be interests, this means that Denmark is not only has a production capacity of advanced clean energy technologies, and more importantly has established a scientific and experimental clean energy management systems that run. Denmark was able to do that most important thing is the formation of a historical development of growth concepts, 2009 developed by 2050 from fossil energy consumption in grand strategy, and implementation in the down-to-Earth, not words. 2020 target was wind power accounted for 50% of the total power generation, renewable energy accounted for 35% of the total energy consumption, this made leading to the global transition to sustainable development and energy, and we need to learn from good.

In recent years, renewable energy is developing rapidly, particularly wind power and photovoltaic power generation size increases. And Denmark compared with energy supply in China are mainly coal, non-hydro renewable energy electric power consumption is relatively low. Renewable energy-rich areas in the North in recent years in particular, on the one hand a lot of burning coal, on the other hand many clean grid-connected electricity can not be unreasonable phenomenon, which in Denmark expert is difficult to understand, it also shows that we have not built up power management system adapted to renewable energy, there is no build priority renewable energy concepts and awareness.

By Dan project, we know both in the US and Denmark there is a huge gap between, by understanding how Denmark high percentage of successful experiences of energy, recognizing our nation’s clean energy future and potential is huge, must have more strength to do the work of the development of renewable energy. General Secretary in central financial led group sixth times Conference Shang clear proposed, we to focus on promoted energy production consumption revolution, in Sino-US should climate changes of joint in the has proposed China will in 2030 carbon emissions reached peak, non-fossil energy in once energy consumption in the of share reached 20%, this on requirements we must change ideas, in efforts improve using efficiency of while must to focus on promoted can renewable energy of scale development, Denmark’s successful experience has strengthened our confidence in the development of renewable energy and determination.

We should look at all the world’s developed countries, none of them is dominated by coal, mostly oil and gas, and in energy transformation, development and utilization of renewable energy, many countries have a sense of purpose. So I guess the coal-dominated energy system is to support modernization of the State, this may be an international experience, to truly realize the modernization of the country will have to transform energy structure dominated by coal, we can develop more gas, you can build more nuclear power, but not rely on coal, this should be the law of a country’s development.

At present, China has more than 4 billion tons of coal production, brings not only security issues, also caused a large amount of land subsidence in goaf also brought serious destruction of underground water resources, air and soil pollution and other ecological problems. Railway near 60% is the transport of coal, however achieve the clean use of coal, mining and transportation brought about environmental and social issues cannot be avoided. Therefore, in order to modernize the country changed to coal-dominated energy mix, and ultimately reduce dependence on coal, which is necessary for economic and social development. We must have this understanding, awareness will have action.

Original title: get rid of fossil fuels of the China renewable energy roadmap 2050 says

Posted in News.