Polaris solar PV net news: in the past a dozen years, Germany is almost single-handedly completed a series of innovations in the field of new energy sources, from scratch an entirely new industry on a global scale precision-lined. Both in wind, solar, and bioenergy, geothermal fields, mostly by Germany-led business, complete commercialization, from conceptual design to product development, from inception to global markets.
10 years ago, talking about new energy alternative to traditional energy sources, is tantamount to the Arabian nights. But the current economic crisis, and new energy industries as the commanding heights of development in the global economy of the future, has been implicitly emerge. In Germany, the current share of renewable energy in total energy consumption has exceeded 15%, Germany new energy output reached 25 billion euros per year and create more than 250,000 jobs. Today, solar panels around the world, each two wind turbines, one from Germany.
Germany’s new energy industry made revolutionary progress is inseparable from Germany in April 2000, the Government adopted the law on renewable energy. The landmark law, now a dozen countries around the world-related legal templates. In this law establishes new energy Germany finally be over 50% the proportion of total energy consumption and unconditional Government grants for that purpose, new energy power generation network, new and non-traditional energy energy peers tax and a series of unconventional policy, fully supported renewable energy enterprise development.
New energy policy
In policy terms, beginning in 1990, Germany began to gradually establish a system of renewable energy policy. In 1991, Germany enacted the law on electric power network, forcing utilities to buy renewable power, laid the enforcement network of the most important principles of global renewable energy development, Germany began to stage the large-scale renewable energy development. In 2000, Germany formally promulgated the renewable energy law (EEG), the core of which is the establishment of renewable energy generation fixed feed-in tariff (Feed-intariff) system, promotes the development of renewable energy such as wind power, solar energy has played a decisive role. In addition, EEG has also established a renewable energy cost-sharing system, carriers bear the net cost of renewable energy to the grid, power grid Corporation is responsible for the renovation of power grid, upgrade fees, and is responsible for the overall balance of renewable electricity, in network-wide share the high cost of renewable energy generation.
Wind power development:
In terms of wind power, and by the end of 2010, Germany that year new wind power installed capacity of 1.551 million kilowatts, cumulative installed capacity reached 27.214 million kilowatt, although affected by the economic crisis than expected declined, but new installed capacity is still ranked third in the world, after China and the United States. Because 2010 was a year of little wind and wind power generating capacity levels not seen since 2006, when for 36.5 billion-kilowatt. Even so, wind power in Germany is still in power structure operated at 6.3%. In terms of offshore wind power, Germany’s offshore wind energy from 2009 to enter the large-scale development phase, and 108,000 respectively in 2009 and 2010 when new installed capacity of 60,000 kilowatts, cumulative installed capacity has reached 168,000 kilowatts. In 2011, Germany’s new wind power installed capacity of 20.87 billion, the cumulative installed capacity reached 29.06 million-kilowatt. Especially in December of 2011, Germany in the proportion of renewable energy in the power structure to the above 20%. At present, Germany onshore wind has significantly slowed down, short term due to the European banks ‘ liquidity crunch, resulting in reduced investment. Longer term, along with declining onshore wind resources, offshore wind energy is becoming Germany the main directions of development of wind power.
Solar PV development:
Germany’s solar photovoltaic development began in the “Millennium building”. The plan in 1989, introduced in 1990, the Government subsidy for each of households installing solar roofs. The plan was intended to get experience installing solar energy equipment, so that the new housing compatible with renewable energy generation needs, and encourage consumption of solar energy. Germany solar photovoltaic evolution of policy as shown in the following figure, currently mainly used “Internet pricing” policies.
Clean energy investments:
2010 Germany’s investment in clean energy in 2009 to us $ 2.06 billion to $ 4.12 billion, ranking the second G20 country, next only to China. Germany invested extensively for distributed solar power, making Germany a new PV 8-9GW. In addition, in terms of wind power, Germany has invested 4.7 billion dollars.
In Germany the process of energy transformation, about 150,000 citizens of renewable energy over more than 700 cooperatives members, jointly launched a controlled by citizens energy citizens energy movement.
Germany formally renounced nuclear energy once, rapid growth in new energy investment, including private investment in the form of renewable energy co-operatives. Involving citizens of investment, production and consumption the energy movement afoot.
The 2011 “Fukushima” accelerated the Germany of the Denuclearisation process and of the implementation of the new strategy for energy transition. Germany Government expectations, shutting down all nuclear power plants before 2022 and will increase the proportion of renewable energy to 35% in 2050, and will increase the proportion of renewable energy to 80%.
At present, Germany has about 150,000 more than ordinary citizens through more than 700 renewable energy co-operatives involved in renewable energy production and distribution. Energy cooperative’s ambitions are not confined to the homegrown energy, recently, a company called “Berlin citizens energy” (b u rgerEnergieBerlin) cooperatives have in cooperation with the Berlin City Government, will be in the second half of 2014 with the existing operators, Switzerland power giant Vattenfall common competition Berlin network franchise.
Germany on the road to a new energy path and thorns on bumps, but will continue to go on towards a better future.
Original title: Germany inventory of the new energy development