Germany or first removing energy price subsidies of the State

Polaris solar PV net news: introduction of electricity price subsidy system for renewable energy National Energy pioneer in the transformation of Germany could become the first country to cancel the system.

Germany energy transition from phase I to phase II, and persistently rely on a fixed feed-in tariff subsidy mechanism to promote renewable energy development would change. On February 3, 2015, Germany FelixChristianMatthes Institute of applied ecology, climate and energy policy expert in Beijing, said in an interview from 2017 onwards, Germany’s renewable energy sources will no longer be entitled to a fixed price subsidies, by way of auction, bargain Internet System.

Although not every country uses electricity price subsidy system, but is still the major policies of many countries to develop renewable energy, such as France, China and so on. In fact, Germany was the first feed-in tariff subsidy regime applied to the State for renewable energy development. In 1991, the electricity price subsidies Act (TheFeed-inAct) by the then Germany Chancellor Helmut Kohl (HelmutKohl) conservatives under the leadership of the CDU and the Liberal FDP Alliance adopted proposed electricity price subsidies and explicitly for the first time, green power takes precedence over traditional power.

Germany energy transition has been cause for concern, because it not only decided to close all nuclear power plants before 2022, also proposed a more ambitious energy targets–2030 years, renewable energy in Germany’s share of electricity supply to reach 50%, 2040 to reach 65%, 2050 to reach 80%.

Matthes is Germany researcher at the Institute of applied ecology, climate and energy policies, as well as Germany energy science and energy policy, members of the Association. In 2000-2003, as the 14th Germany Federal Parliament “sustainable energy supply in the context of globalization and liberalization” study group of experts members of the Committee. According to the information he provided in 2014, Germany when the renewable electricity is 156 billion-kilowatt, has 27.3% per cent of its electricity.

Germany energy transformation origin, dating back to the 1970 ‘s anti-nuclear movement. Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power accident speeded up Germany to abandon nuclear power pace. 2011 Germany anti-nuclear movement in full swing, originally supported nuclear power, Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel has reversed. Nuclear plan adopted more rapidly than before, and permanently closed in a week eight nuclear power stations and plans to shut down all nuclear power plants before 2022. Nuclear capacity decline, Germany had to pay attention to the development of photovoltaic, wind power and other renewable energy alternative.

Matthes believes that Germany renewable energy to introduce more competition to the development phase. Electricity price subsidy mechanism, ensuring access to renewable energy investors benefit, increased investor confidence in renewable energy, so as to attract more investors to enter the field. Matthes ‘ data, in 2014, Germany for renewable energy subsidies amount to about 25 billion euros (about 176.845 billion yuan), which 40% for photovoltaic.

“Electricity price subsidy mechanism has worked for Germany’s renewable energy accumulated the majority of investors and users. With the increase of renewable energy as well as costs decline, Germany’s biggest challenge is how to reconcile contradictions between the power system and power system. “Matthes said.

At present, Germany is the power-market power systems is becoming more diversified. According to statistics from Matthes, over the past 70 years, Germany are 500 major electricity installed capacity of power plants that contribute, but now Germany has at least 15 million power generation systems of different sizes. In the power generation system, traditional four power plants only generate around 12% per cent of the total installed capacity, the remaining 88% of installed capacity came from farmers, residents, developers and power generation systems for industrial users.

“At the moment, Germany or fixed electricity price of renewable energy implementation mechanisms. To coordinate the 15 million power generation system and the relationship between power output system, change bargaining mechanism fixed feed-in tariff mechanism is necessary. “Matthes told reporters.

Greenpeace senior climate and energy program director, Yuan Ying interface to reporters that Germany decided through auctions in the future, do the bargaining mechanism, partly based on the price of renewable energy has gone down more, on the other hand, is intended to facilitate renewable energy cost down further.

“Introducing market competition mechanism, start will definitely hit the high cost of electricity, because of the lower cost of electricity, grid easier, such as current photovoltaic power generation, the cost is higher than wind power. But in the long run, it is certainly beneficial to the whole Germany energy transition. “Yuan Ying said.

In fact, the system of subsidies for renewable energy feed-in tariff has been controversial. Previously, ten major energy company in Europe, had called for an end to the subsidy mechanism, because the policy is to promote the domestic, commercial and industrial electricity prices rise.

Increase in power tariff is partially raised questions about Germany energy transformation is not the most important reason. Germany renowned economic research institutes Germany Institute for economic research (DIW) has estimated that Germany’s energy over the next decade restructuring cost of 200 billion euros (about 1.41 trillion yuan), the split is approximately 10 euros per month per household (70.74 million yuan).

But what is undeniable is, through the feed-in tariff subsidy mechanism, greatly promoted the development of renewable energy, not only reduces the Germany energy imports or mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and the resulting climate change.

Original title: Germany or countries became the first cancellation of the new energy price subsidies

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