Japan “zero” time break solar stocks limp

Polaris solar PV net news: Japan from 2011 after 311 Fukushima nuclear disaster, the domestic nuclear reactors closed in succession, but spent nearly two years in the “zero” era, re-enable kernel power plant of Kagoshima, August 11, announcing “zero” at times interrupted. At this juncture, Japan solar stocks also fell.

Japan domestic anti-nuclear backlash at the Fukushima nuclear disaster grows ever more stronger and the successive stop directly to the nuclear power plant. September 2013, Japan Kansai big ban nuclear power factory fourth, machine stop running, thereafter Japan spent has nearly two years of “zero nuclear” times, base contains power modified to fire power mainly, and in Prime Minister Ann times Jin three of promoted Xia, vigorously through “fixed-price buy take system” (feed-intariffs), related policy encourages renewable energy development, makes Japan became global Qian five big solar market one of.

At present, Japan Global Center rooftop solar market, one of the many new products and solutions designed for the home roof, includes efficient components, thin-film components, light steel frame technology, and home energy management, in Japan the demand of the market and the fastest. According to Japan solar energy Association (JPEA) proposed by the best combination of energy proposals, Japan when planning for 2020 solar constitute at least Japan energy 7%/2030 11%; corresponding installed capacity of 66GW with 100GW.

Although JPEA to Japan expressed optimism about the development of solar energy in the country, but Japan short end in zero time. Japan 1th kernel power plant of Kagoshima, Kyushu electric power reactors has been enabled on the morning of August 11 and Japan China 43 nuclear reactor safety review has 24 applications, is expected to have more nuclear reactors to join future restart.

According to the NHK report, Sendai nuclear power plants restart triggered opposition from local residents, but Japan trends continue to restart nuclear power plant have been unable to resist. However, the Japan Government is also planning the year 2030 national energy proportion of nuclear power generation is expected to 20~22%, this number is much lower than the Fukushima nuclear disaster before it occurs, it is evident that Japan Government will try to reduce the ratio of nuclear power.

On the occasion of Sendai nuclear power plant will enable, Japan solar energy stocks look weak. According to MoneyDJ’s pricing system, Japan Panasonic, Kyocera, Mitsubishi Electric to develop the solar business group shares were lower, while Sharp is struggling. By contrast, Kyushu electric power’s stock rally.

Original title: Japan zero interrupts the nuclear age solar stocks limp

Soitec talks to sell solar sector

Polaris solar PV net news: Soitec sold recently to Concen Solar concentrating photovoltaic sector breakdown.

France firm Soitec to Concen Solar announced in May that it would sell its located in Germany and the United States technology and manufacturing assets, but the agreement fell through.

Concen Suncore Solar is the rival of Soitec concentrating photovoltaic company subsidiary, Suncore is located in China.

In a statement posted on the company’s Web site confirmed that the negotiations in order to conclude the transaction had been canceled.

Its Web site says: “Soitec is disappointing, especially for the loss of this in its communication of May 20, 2015 and 28th in expectations and suggests that considerable capital is expected to get the chance. ”

“Soitec will continue its focus on its core electricity business plans and transition away from its solar business activities. Maximize the opportunity to realize the value of its assets is still a priority for the Soitec. Soitec will also continue to support its existing solar energy customers. ”

Soitec in early 2015, said it plans to exit the solar, and to focus on its semiconductor business.

Original title: Soitec talks to sell solar sector

Obama pushes clean energy plan is not “history” it’s hard to say

Polaris solar PV net news: at the White House on “United States clean energy programs (America’sclean power plan)” pages, punctuated with two things: one, this is the United States President Barack Obama’s biggest step forward in the fight against climate change, and second, this is the United States for power plant manufacturing carbon emissions for the first time in the history that set the standard.

On August 3, the Obama administration, as well as under the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced final clean energy plan. The programme is called “history” clean energy plan: United States plan in 2005 on the basis of 32% reduction in carbon emissions by 2030 its power industry, this is roughly equivalent to 870 million tons of carbon emissions.

After the publication of the final programme, stakeholders are reacting. But observers point out that outside the chain, Stern did not strictly need to say. In fact, from coal, State planning, clean energy and timelines, and after the four criteria to quantify the program, Obama’s clean energy plan is insufficient, and therefore more like to leave a legacy and the result of a compromise.

Programme why not give force

Whether praising or criticizing Obama’s clean energy plan, both sides have a consensus, namely the scheme shook United States politics in carbon pollution situation. In practice, however, the plan is far from contending parties think the powerful effect.

While, consider to EPA and Obama Government subject Yu United States domestic political, a “can operation, and reasonable and actual” and non-utopia of plans, can makes this clean energy plans from United States Congress of “strangulation”; on the, regardless of clean energy plans kernel how, in appropriate of publicity packaging zhixia, still can to market release encourages new energy investment of information, and warning capital away from coal industry. More importantly, it also allowed United States climate change team, at the end of this year at the Paris Conference on climate change, with a pre-emptive negotiating capital.

However, outside of the Halo above, quantify “in 2005 on the basis of 32% reduction in carbon emissions by 2030 its power industry” that goal, you will find that, because the United States ongoing energy and power grid transformation in 2014 has almost finished half of the above objectives.

In the area of coal, the current United States coal-generating the highest proportion, to 37% of the total, and in terms of emissions to 32%, can be said to clean-energy projects is aimed at the United States coal industry.

However, the United States’s coal industry has been in decline, and this clean-energy projects, have not accelerated the decline.

According to the forecast by 2030 United States coal generation accounted for in 2005 and decline of about 30%. You want to see is, United States coal has declined 20% per cent, while the United States total coal nearly 15%~20% of aging coal-fired power plant phase-out plans have been identified: in between 2012-2020 and United States plans to close nearly one-fifth of coal-fired plants.

Of particular note is that United States another plan for the coal-fired power plants-the Sierra Club’s beyond coal campaign, planned by 2030 United States all coal-fired power plants to “retire”.

In the State plan, the final plan there is no strict emission standards for the States, but makes no provision for how the State will reduce its carbon intensity in EPA programme formulation, the most common is to “maximize States full flexibility”.

Programme’s biggest problem is that, for most States to cut emissions, EPA set a goal that was the weakest. For example, emissions States Kentucky, just in 2005, on the basis of emissions by 2030 18%. Meanwhile, local officials have said the State has retired a lot of old coal-fired boiler that they suspect without having to close more boilers can meet their emissions reduction plans.

Similarly, EPA on coal-rich West Virginia, Wyoming and Indiana have made the same “soft” targets. Reason behind it is that EPA is eager to launch clean-energy projects in the Obama administration but would not clashed with the State scheme for abortion.

In the area of renewable energy, which forecasts are significantly lower than the current United States wind energy and solar total production capacity: the programme believes that by 2030 renewables will grow 30%, approximately 21 million-kilowatt new renewable generation capacity.

However, in 2013, the United States half of the installed capacity will have reached that number. If you carefully read the scenario, in which renewable energy portfolio for the State’s goals also had no ambition: at least five States – Iowa, Maine, Minnesota, South Dakota and North Dakota, the production of renewable energy than higher clean energy plans to make plans.

In California, for example, the clean energy programme, the proportion of renewable electricity in 2030, California is 21%, but under California law, by 2020, its renewable energy target to reach 33%.

On the last point, namely the time line, is the biggest administrative challenge facing the Obama administration. According to the plan, State specific implementation deadlines for submission at the latest in 2018, when Obama has left office.

EPA State specific programmes will be carried out later 2-year review period, and the States before 2020 do not need to carry out any action, but was not aware was a United States democratic or Republican sentiment, this final programme can be successfully implemented, is the biggest variable.

Shale gas industry “lie down”

In the present United States in the proportion of electricity generation, in addition to coal, natural gas accounted for 30%, plant 19%, hydro and renewable energy generation are 7% and 5% respectively.

In the programme of the EPA, also plans to develop the renewable energy industry. EPA will further encourage States to invest in renewable energy and energy efficiency, while promising, for the implementation of the plan two years ago to invest in these areas provide additional loans to the State, the move to the United States in wind, solar and other alternative energy development have a significant impact.

According to a study by the World Resources Institute, is also in line with the development of renewable energy, improving energy efficiency and in the best interests of all parties, the electric power industry is likely to exceed “clean electric power plan” set emission reduction targets.

According to the World Resources Institute study in improving homes and businesses under the State programme for energy efficiency, each spent $ 1 to $ 2 savings for consumers, sometimes even up to $ 5.

Compared with coal and natural gas, in many parts of new energy sources such as wind and solar power more cost-competitive advantages. Due to economic considerations, power plants in the area of renewable energy investment even beyond the provisions of the State.

In some areas, in mixed modes of generation based on renewable energy, to save tens of billions of dollars.

However, the increase in the share of final programme on renewable energy means that the Obama administration chose to reduce the share of natural gas. The United States industrial of shale gas accidents “lying”, including the United Kingdom, the financial times media calls Obama’s clean energy plans biggest loser.

United States energy information Administration Director Adam ˙ Siminszky said in an interview with this newspaper earlier, due to the shale oil and gas production well blowout, starting in 2012, United States has become the world’s largest producer of oil and natural gas, and in 2017 may become a net exporter of natural gas, and by 2040, if United States technology leap, 80%~90% of natural gas from shale gas.

However, in the final, the EPA believes that relative to natural gas and shale gas, more broad prospects for renewable energy. That overturned the Obama administration before the 1 year for shale gas industry’s positive attitude.

“I am confused and disappointed. “The United States head of the natural gas Association in that final after Durbin said,” it looks like the White House ignored this market, natural gas has played an important role in energy production. ”

Original title: Obama pushes clean energy plan is not “history” it’s hard to say

Energy Blue party? If you dare, I dare to tear!

Arctic star solar PV network news: Shang Monday, United States President Obama and United States Environmental Department common announced has a items very important and rich dispute of environment energy policy–United States clean energy plans (Clean Power Plan), the Bill of core content actually is climate problem, Obama Government is wants to lead, to United States for example to world show United States is how reduced greenhouse gas emissions of, to persuaded other national to with solution global climate variable warm problem.

Clean energy plan requires States to use renewable energy, such as wind, solar, and stipulates that the State must submit the plans until 2018, by 2022 to complete the first phase of the emission reduction targets.

But in many States, especially those of coal-dependent State, started against the draft plan proposes, there is still, as always, oppose. They think this Bill is some radical bureaucratic to deceive people, “illusions”, “fantasy” meant.

If State officials refused to cooperate with the Environmental Protection Department, it is a big problem? Is this “clean energy plan” exists in name only?

Is the so-called “that you had a good plan, I had a wall ladder”, United States environmental protection agency announced on Monday that what if States do not meet the Federal Bill, the Environmental Protection Department to participate personally, directly to regulate coal and electricity enterprises. Each plant must be unconditional acceptance carbon emissions monitoring, Exchange, and credit score can be obtained through monitoring the sale, which can help companies reduce costs. EPA’s system is to allow cross-State trading of carbon emissions credit score, international emissions trading Association believes that if States do not cooperate will be submerged in the carbon trading system, “the sea”.

See tackling, also has the solution for issues in each State. However, bigger BOSS … …

United States Senate majority leader, Kentucky Republicans Minch ˙ McConnell urged States that rely on coal refuse to accept the Bill, do not submit planning solutions for the Environmental Protection Department, and other Republicans objected. When Mitch McConnell in the Senate last year none of the slogan “coal, guns and freedom”, in his view, the measures of electric power projects not only fail to actively change the global climate, and eventually may also lead to the transfer part of the environment in developing countries with poor energy production, and ultimately more harm on the environment. United States House majority leader, Republican Kevin ˙ McCarthy accused Obama’s choice of a “Green Estate” instead of “economic growth”.

To say five years ago, Democrats and Republicans had a “Capitol Hill on the sword”, is the fuse of the Obama administration’s carbon trading plans. In 2009, the carbon emissions trading system after the Democratic-led House of representatives passed by the Obama administration released the original intention was to use means of pollution trading market to reduce the costs of environmental protection. Initially, Republicans are also recognized that, but with several commercial enterprises, such as the United States Chamber of Commerce, and constantly demonize carbon emissions trading system, successful Republicans believe carbon trading is a democratic administration wants to get their hands on the free market “a beautiful lie”. This “theory” the end result is a Republican K.O. Democrats, the Bill is in the second year (2010), “sacrifice” at United States Senate.

Today, five years later, Republicans to challenge of climate change-related programs. And now oppose the Obama administration’s “clean energy initiatives” Republican members must also have opposed the “carbon cap-and-trade system” of the gang. Now, although Republicans opposed “clean energy plan”, but calls for support is still very high. Many companies say they are willing to trade help to reduce costs. Trading is a very effective way to market to, not only can produce benefits, can also minimize user costs.

In my opinion, President Obama launched the “clean energy plan”, is on the premise of no federal carbon emissions trading system to support, set up a similar system, so it is slowly growing into a legitimate Federal “carbon cap-and-trade legislation.” This “battle for clean energy”, apart from the power game, it is a confrontation of old and new ones. For the upcoming United States presidential election, the topic of climate change is the United States the democratic and Republican parties can take advantage of important topics, so the election results before the dust settles, climate change response measures related to hard to get advance smoothly and quickly. Next year, both sides of the debate will be more intense. The winner? Let us wait and see.

Original title: energy blue party? If you dare, I dare to tear!

Xu Ning: U.A.E. Haller Park BIPV

Polaris solar PV net news: Sunny in the Middle East, with the development of solar energy advantages. As some countries in the region to develop sustainable energy gradually began to pay attention to, in recent years, an increasing number of experienced solar manufacturers are attracted to the Middle East.

U.A.E. Haller Park roof BIPV desert Learning Center project, completed in 2013, is the more well-known a BIPV project in the Middle East.

Ertex CEO visit Alai desert Learning Center

Alai is the U.A.E. a city, located in the East of Abu Dhabi, 150 kilometers, neighboring Oman border, is the birthplace of Abu Dhabi’s ancestry. Alai Zoo is a paradise for more than 4,000 species of animals in the desert, attracts large numbers of tourists every year. Austria Chalabi2013 years extension of the desert Studies Center, a jewel known as the Haller Park. Desert Learning Center allows visitors an interactive experience about the desert and wildlife knowledge, the Centre has also taken a number of advanced energy-saving and environmental protection measures into the 2013 world sustainable building shortlist, and Estidama 5 pearls at the highest level certification system. (Estidama green building certification system is the Persian Gulf)

Alai desert Learning Center

Desert Studies Center solar panels are made of the same from the top of Austria’s large company Ertex design and installation. The company is an international company in the United Kingdom, the Sudan, Turkmenistan has success stories. Desert Learning Centre Ertex is the first project in the Middle East, Ertex solar panels installed desert learning centre and customer service the many difficulties encountered, also demonstrated the company’s confidence and determination to expand global markets.

Irregular structures like a desert study center of the Moebius ring, like a snake in the desert BOA, roofs are winding down like a sand dune. How combining rectangular panels and undulating roof, is one of the challenges Ertex. Ertex 121 was customized for this project a total of 1030 PV panels, and specially designed solar panel and installed the imitating normal Panel to ensure the appearance of beauty and harmony. Panel 2mm with 2 layers of glass, and can resist the weight of 400kg.

In addition, the heat, the roof of a large amount of dust is also difficult issues. Plus you don’t know the local language and culture, and also makes the project progresses smoothly enough.

Eventually in the knowledge and understanding of the local culture with the help of consultants, successful completion of the project. BIPV can now output 149kWp power.

Unlike other parts of the world, began to pay attention to BIPV projects and sustainable energy in the Middle East, but due to the lack of strong support of the State in economic development is slightly slower. There remains to be developed in the world.

Project engineer in the Alai desert Learning Center front

Original title: Xu Ning: U.A.E. Haller Park BIPV

Hangzhou Fuyang district organizations declare 2015 notification of financial aid funds distributed PV Application projects

Polaris solar PV net news: the town (town) people’s Government, the neighborhood offices, the enterprises concerned:

Accelerate the application of distributed solar power projects in our region, in accordance with the Fuyang municipal people’s Government on the acceleration of distributed PV applications for the implementation of the healthy development of the industry views (letter of Fu Zheng (2014), 58th), regulations, research organizations are hereby declare my 2015 distributed PV Application projects (hereinafter “solar project”) matters related to the financial assistance fund as follows:

First, declare an object

On January 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015, in the Fuyang area within the administrative area of district power supply company to complete grid-connected residential PV projects such as industrial and commercial enterprises of all types of investors, according to the relevant provisions of this notice apply to enjoy my PV project 2015 financial aid policies.

Second, declare conditions

1. business in my business registration and taxes;

2. PV projects completed in accordance with the procedures for filing;

3. PV projects completed, and complete the grid access;

4. PV projects and acceptance (except applications initial installation allowance people).

Third, application materials

(A) the enterprise must provide the following documents:

1. Hangzhou Fuyang region distributed PV Application projects application form for financial assistance fund;

2. PV projects investment main body copy of business license;

3. PV project completion acceptance issued by the District Development Council;

4. the list issued by the power company’s solar generating capacity of the project.

(B) the resident must provide the following documentation:

1. Hangzhou Fuyang residents of PV power installation application form for financial assistance;

2. sector issued by the power company’s grid-connected residential PV projects accessing inspection reports (parallel operation for a year, while providing the supply list of annual electricity generation company);

3. residents of residential photovoltaic projects signed with the contractor contractor agreement and related receipts, invoices;

4. copy of certificate and identity card.

Four, grant criteria

(A) electricity electricity subsidies. Two years ago by 0.3 Yuan per kilowatt hour standards on project investment subsidies, third to fifth year standard by 0.2 Yuan/kWh subsidy.

(B) residents of installation grants. For residential PV installed capacity of the project to give 1/peak watt one-time grants, subsidies will not enjoy the power.

Five, reporting procedures

(A) meet the requirements to apply for financial assistance fund in my area of PV projects, project investors (businesses or residents), make an application to the District Office before August 25, 2015, which involves residents of residential PV installation assistance, want their town street sign with advice in the first instance.

(B) by the District Council, district financial Bureau after verification and approval of the District Government, assigned by the District Council, district financial Bureau subsidies. Residential PV Project installation of subsidies allocated for the second time, connected applications – grant funds 50%; running a year later, 50% remaining grant funds allocated. Early grant funds through the streets of villages and towns financial transfers where.

Liu, financial regulation

District solar project construction leading group will organize relevant departments to carry out timely regular or periodic sampling, units or individuals for PV project grant funds fraudulently, recoveries will be in accordance with the relevant provisions, and cancel the eligibility criteria for financial assistance fund.

District Council (district solar project construction leading Group Office) contact: Fang, Tel: 63376335;

District financial Bureau enterprise branch contact person: Yu, Tel: 63320414;

Hangzhou Fuyang district, Fuyang city, Hangzhou economic and information Bureau

The July 27, 2015

Original title: District financial Bureau concerning the Organization of economic and information Declaration of Fuyang district 2015 notification of financial aid funds distributed PV Application projects

Planning to declare as much PV leader plans to speed up the shuffle

Polaris solar PV net news: author from the industry was informed that the National Energy Board will be increased from this year of PV products standards, quality and threshold, to promote survival of the fittest, and is arranged every year in the manner of “leader”. At present, the program first awarded the flowers Cosmos, provinces were planning to declare otherwise, plan for at least three years in a row. “Because the participants were asked to have more advanced technology to obtain the appropriate financial and procurement support, is expected to gradually highlight leading enterprise advantage. “Experts in the industry say.

“Leader” promoting survival of the fittest

As domestic first a was batch “lead who” plans of project, “Shanxi Datong mining subsidence District National advanced technology PV model base” recently has announced has tender results, joint PV, and China China electric, and China can, and in the wide nuclear, and in the electric international, and three gorges, and Datong coal mine, 7 Home Enterprise picked have 100 MW “lead who plans project”, Sun power, and British Lee, and Crystal section power, and are Thai new energy, and Crystal o solar, 5 Home Enterprise bid 50 MW “lead who plans + technology, and new mode model project”.

“The ‘ leader ‘ is the Department of energy by the market’s behavior a way of China PV industry development, mainly in manufacturing the best technological advances in development. Plan on electro-optical conversion, battery modules, inverters and so on a series of provisions, can achieve efficiency standards are above average. Estimated upper-middle-level enterprises to have the opportunity to enjoy the policies, but must ensure that the efficiency can reach this level. “China renewable energy society and Vice Chairman, the photovoltaic branch Director Zhao Yuwen said yesterday in an interview with the author.

Author practitioners within master has a copies Shanxi Datong mining subsidence District National advanced technology PV model base 2015 years project investment file, which on PV base power station construction index has strictly of provides, as PV power station first years system efficiency not below 81%; polysilicon PV component conversion efficiency not below 16.5%; inverse variable device should has zero voltage through function, and highest conversion efficiency not below 99%, and China efficiency not below 98.2%,.

Datong “leader” one of the planned bid jinko global spokesman Qian Jing told the author, which is conducive to further raise awareness among relevant enterprises to establish technical advantages, will promote an industry-wide technology upgrade, eliminating bad and inefficient production capacity, technology and brand formed by natural barriers. Crystal main by virtue of our high efficiency, high reliability and competitively priced technology products have the opportunity to participate in this plan.

“Such a plan, so power replacing a lot of administrative processes that are running project approval, more focus on power plant construction and quality assurance. It is a valid attempt that can lead the industry and technology upgrades, support an industry leader, formed out of the market mechanism. “Qian Jing said.

Worthy of note is the National Energy Board, the Ministry and CNCA jointly issued a few days ago for the promotion of Advanced photovoltaic technology product applications and industrial upgrading of the opinion of clear references to the market on technology progress to play lead, strict implementation of photovoltaic product market access standards, implementation of the “leader” play a financial plan, and supporting the role of PV technology in government procurement.

To declare as many “runners”

“The ‘ leader ‘ plan explicitly requires advanced technology, if it meets standards of enterprises can apply for. To selected by experts, elected to be the country’s most outstanding enterprises. “Zhao Yuwen said.

In his view, is needs a coal mine in Shanxi province, the PV-just give them a chance, collapsed due to coal which can transform ecology, energy role and to promote structural changes in the energy.

“Our products has been very competitive at the international level, innovation never stops, it is necessary to encourage innovation. “According to Zhao Yuwen, said that” leader “also will be at least three years in a row, or even can continue well after. If other places are more typical of the region, Bureau of energy will also be considered.

A person familiar with the matter said, Xinyu and other PV industrial base better cities have been declared “leader”.

“The Department of energy has raised sharply by 2020 PV development plan, current manufacturing capacity is far less than the target, expansion must be updated constantly. Some advanced capacity expansion will be faster, and the early production technology upgrade needs. In this context, ‘ leader ‘ plan would have to improve. “Zhao Yuwen said.

In recent years, the domestic photovoltaic industry is continuing to eliminate backward production capacity, industry standards and threshold than before has been greatly improved. Liu Chang, founder SolarZoom told reporters, “the leader” plan some requirements, such as single crystal silicon, polycrystalline silicon solar module conversion efficiency of standard, many companies can do it.

In addition to participating in the “leaders” have plans, PV enterprises in the coded layout of PV power plant operation and capacity expansion. Just received 100 MW project in Datong combined PV, on July 30, a full acquisition of a company with total installed capacity of about 100 megawatts of solar photovoltaic power station of the target company. Rainbow refinement and merchants capital of 5 billion new PV industry in the layout of the new energy industry fund investment, and the company is under construction and acquisitions, such as photovoltaic power plant has more than 800MW,1GW of total installed capacity target is expected to be completed ahead of time.

First half of the year, performance was remarkable in the PV industry, part of the profit from the added contribution to new power plant capacity. According to statistics, solar power concepts plate 33 stocks, has released 10 companies that reported earnings, of which 9 increase in operating profit. Announcements published in 16 companies, more than half of the expected profit. Earnings compared with the first half of the Lutheran Church’s double energy mainly benefit from the company’s PV glass capacity, PV and the EPC new contributions.

Original title: planning to declare as much PV leader in accelerating shuffle

PV subsidies: the unbearable weight?

Polaris solar PV net news: 2014, China PV power installed capacity has reached 10.6 million-kilowatt in 2015, conservatively estimated to be more than 16 million-kilowatt. China’s photovoltaic power generation, from 2012, the suddenly increased by an order of magnitude between the installed capacity in a few years, after following the hydropower and wind power, topped the new installed capacity as champion of the world, it looks really beautiful.

It is regrettable that, abandoned with the wind power installed capacity increased wind, photovoltaic power generation in some areas, began to “give up” phenomenon.

And to make matters worse, photovoltaic power generation cost is still far higher than the cost of traditional coal-fired and hydroelectric power, PV installed capacity is so huge in huge power subsidies guaranteed under the stimulus for a long time. Distributed solar PV subsidies, State subsidy of 0.42/kWh, and subsidies. Is terrible, the grants, not grants a few years, but once it’s installed, subsidies for 20 years. 2015 added power capacity by 16 million-kilowatt PV meter, units PV power power of average electricity by 1200-kilowatt Shi/kW ˙ years meter, average subsidies by 0.4 Yuan/kWh meter, subsidies years by 20 years meter; so, regardless of folding now interest rate, for only in 2015 installation of PV power equipment, will in future of 20 years in the, total subsidies 16,000,000 kW x1200 kWh x0.4 Yuan/kWh x20 years = 153,600,000,000, or 153.6 billion yuan. National total annual research budget there is no counting! If the next 10 years, average so much subsidy each year (while the electricity subsidy would be reduced, but the installed capacity will increase), the cumulative subsidy would reach about 1.5 trillion yuan!

More than financial support also did not take into account increases in order to eliminate so many photovoltaic power transmission and distribution network construction and transformation of inputs.

Such mistakes, has for several years in Spain, the Czech Republic and Germany; due to the high PV capacity in these countries, under the burden of huge solar power subsidies, finally overwhelmed, were forced to significantly reduce PV installations, not only caused the extinction of their photovoltaic manufacturing, but also with the EU’s biggest importer of photovoltaic panels – there had been fierce trade conflicts. Such a large financial burden on such a terrible economic consequences, what about it?

Three years ago, when Germany’s huge solar subsidies due to the large-scale installation of PV, and finally became unbearable for all, when PV installed capacity had to be cut, I have asked any Germany Mr Kohler, Chief of the Energy Department: “did not know”? Mr Kohler replied: “of course. A few years ago I used to have publicly called for, to reduce the volume of installed, but Germany many of the Government’s senior government officials and members do not agree. ” “Individual parties disagree”? “No, most politicians in all parties do not agree with.” “Why?” “Vote”! This fact can explain: when photovoltaic subsidy is not high enough to pay full attention to time, if the earlier amendments to high subsidies and PV manufacturing industry was already strong opposition from interest groups, which political party want to cut installed capacity, the party will lose votes, ballot lifeblood for Western party is. Only when a majority oppose, does not change the PV manufacturing subsidies be lost when more votes outside interest groups, the Government and the Councils will change the subsidy policies of this. Opened eyes, and Germany has also today “the Emperor’s new clothes”!

As ruling the loose State, such as the Czech Republic, Spain, will simply default and has promised substantial cuts in the subsidies, which attracted a large number of legal disputes, and seriously damaged the country’s reputation. These countries, debt in itself is already very long, and already have a large risk of country defaults, do can be considered a “sizhubupakaishuitang”.

Solar power cost in the past 10 years, a decline of about 70%. Experts predict that in the next five to 10 years, photovoltaic power generation costs will decline again about 50%. So, Government wise of practices is, will years PV installed total keep in a lower of level Shang, to guarantee PV industry of survival, and will subsidies to PV of development tilt, promote PV technology of development to reduced sharply cost; stay PV power of integrated cost declined to (consider to pollution and climate protection factors of) coal electric integrated cost around Shi, again gradually increased years PV installed total.

China promises hundreds of billions of Yuan in subsidies have been or going out, not worse. Otherwise, wait until the solar subsidies to universal unbearable when, the Chinese Government will have to brake photovoltaic subsidy, which for most of the photovoltaic industry in China, will also be drowned.

There is no doubt that alternative photovoltaic power generation coal-fired power stations, can significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions. However, each reducing one ton of carbon dioxide emissions, today most of the energy saving measures require subsidies far much lower than the PV. In this connection, from the carbon trading prices. PV can be reduced by about 0.8 kg of carbon dioxide emissions per kWh, subsidy is about 0.4 Yuan/kWh, equivalent to photovoltaic power generation cost is to cut carbon dioxide emissions by about 500 Yuan/ton, and now China carbon exchange traded at 30~60 Yuan/ton carbon dioxide emission reduction, and international carbon-trading price of only 20 Yuan/ton. Countries should take carbon dioxide emissions reduction strategy, explain? Energy conservation priority, of course. “Energy conservation priority,” XI Jinping, also discussed energy revolution, said.

Original title: solar power subsidies will become unbearable

EU PV first published details of the recovery plan

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, the joint research centre of the European Union held a “scientific and technological support of the European photovoltaic sector” seminar, planning for the first time in the “MW-class Advanced photovoltaic manufacturing plant” (X-GWp) some of the details.

Goal

By bringing together top research institutions to research advantages and leading manufacturer of industrial capacity, establish a MW class high efficiency (22%-25%) n-type crystal silicon HIT solar cells and component manufacturers, using economies of scale to accelerate and facilitate advanced industrialization of high efficiency and low-cost technologies, to stimulate the European PV industry regain competitiveness ahead.

Core content

X-GWp plan will be achieved through the combination of advance from the European Photovoltaic Industry Development-manufacturing process-products-business models the whole value chain innovation, the core is the new high-rate (22%-25%) HIT the battery (N-type Silicon + a-Si films) scale mass production of advanced technology, combined with ultra thin wafer of diamond wire saw slicing and gate wire connection of wisdom and other advanced manufacturing processes. Manufacture of photovoltaic components will include high efficiency, low temperature coefficient, good low light sensitivity, low decay rates, two-sided design and a 40-year long life expectancy. Eye Volt components market homogenization serious competition cases, Europe intends to high-performance and low-cost technologies for PV industry in diversity competition to create new growth opportunities.

X-GWp plans is divided into two a stage: first stage about needed investment 50 million euro (investment party basic determine), in 2015 years construction capacity 90MW/years of industrial model line; second stage about needed investment 500 million euro (investment party is negotiations in the), to 2017 years construction capacity 1000MW of manufacturing factory (may is two a site, the 500MW), and in zhihou will this mass factory fast expansion.

X-GWp plan expected by 2018, production of PV modules levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) reached 5-8 euro cents per kWh, goal to compete with traditional fossil fuels. X-GWp plans are currently fighting for policies at EU level to support and finance the pipeline, Germany already include this plan in to 315 billion euro of the European Union and Europe’s economy investment planning provision option in the project directory.

Background

European PV industry since 2008 yilai by macroeconomic recession and electric price subsidies policy changes of effect very obviously, again plus Asia PV products of low price impact, makes European large PV manufacturer bankruptcy, PV industry into trough, European manufacturing PV component in global by accounted for share from 2008 of 25% fell to 2013 of 9%, world Qian 10 name PV component manufacturer no 1 home is European enterprise; and global maximum market of status also in 2013 was China replaced. Although still in a leading position in advanced technology research and development in Europe, but in the manufacturing sector but failed to achieve the technological advantages into market ability, which cannot compete with Asian photovoltaic manufacturers in terms of cost, so building a MW class high efficiency solar cells and component manufacturer, a comprehensive X-GWp plan for advanced manufacturing economies of scale come into being.

Development trend of Advanced photovoltaic technology

The global PV industry is still in the start-up period, will remain for quite a long time in the future more technical routes parallel development, the current market structure is accounted for more than 90% of crystalline silicon solar cells, thin-film battery is less than 10%. Various technical courses common trend is to achieve efficiency and high stability, low cost technology industrialization. In the more mature field of crystalline silicon solar cells, rely on technology, material preparation and improvement of cell structure of production efficiency in excess of 20% high performance batteries is one of the PV manufacturing industry trends.

Technology development will focus on the selective emitter; PERC; local proliferation of BSF technology; n-type single-crystal silicon cell positive electrodes block back contact cell designs-free new anti reflective surface and light trapping scheme. Thin film solar cells compared with amorphous silicon solar cell, solar energy conversion efficiency, production, stability, material substitution improvements in terms of space and high efficient thin-film battery technology breakthrough is expected to make its PV manufacturing industry in the future development of HotSpot. Organic and dye-sensitized, perovskite, low weinami such new concepts as frontiers of solar cell technology is still in the laboratory stage of research and development on new principles, new materials and new processes to achieve a breakthrough, will have a transformative impact on the potential for the photovoltaic industry.

Original title: EU PV first published details of the recovery plan

“Outsider” baic knocking new PV capital operation mode how to play?

Polaris solar PV net news: another “outsider”.

The last day of July, baic announced via sky solar, which is following the North controlled the water supplies, after CITIC, a PV industry in the traditional State-owned enterprises across borders.

Evaluation of the industry, Beijing auto, new Sky solar capital operation mode to resolve have plagued solar expansion of investment and financing problems. As the total industry assets, securitization can quickly recover the cost of PV power stations, while the domestic photovoltaic power plant assets in overseas listing in the future, will finally bring a virtuous circle.

Baic to enter PV

It is reported that baic Group’s Jinggangshan baic (Jingdezhen) new energy investment fund in June in the capital’s new Board company and acquire global independent power producers (IPP) sky solar owned Qinghai new energy investment co., Ltd. As one of the three big sky solar group, Qinghai China’s main business is investment in the domestic photovoltaic power stations, holding, project management, and so on.

“The new company will be the increased shares in the manner of cash assets reorganization. “Told reporters June Ba Zhen, General Manager of capital, (the new company), valued at about 1 billion. Baic, China Sun Group Chairman Su Weili respectively first and second-largest shareholder.

Baic group only for foreign investment and capital operation platform, baic Group Investment Ltd is always looking for an opportunity to intervene in new energy industries.

“Traditional business slowing growth on the group under a lot of pressure. “President Shi Zhishan baic I-o introduction, strategic transformation of baic group was held in August last year, specifically new energy listed as a new direction of development.

Shi Zhishan said baic currently cut into the photovoltaic field has three parts: large-area plant distribution and PV industry; comprehensive modern agriculture greenhouses and photovoltaic applications; new energy auto charging problem.

It is understood that sky solar in Japan, and Greece, and Canada, owns and operates more than 53 megawatts of solar power projects, and baic’s State-owned enterprise backgrounds and related industry resources what are sky solar values.

The industry is expected, with Qinghai Tianhua existing grid-connected power station assets, more than 3GW of project reserves, high efficient n-type batteries and start projects and international cooperation projects in Latin America, the new company has the potential to become the new three new leading energy company.

How to solve the financing problem

Su Weili commitments with existing resources and projects under construction, the new company is 50 million post-tax profits for the 2015 and 2016 respectively, 150 million ~1.7 million. By 2020, the sales revenue is expected to reach 3.25 billion, after-tax profits of 1 billion yuan.

“This estimate is based solely relying on investment power station, proceeds from the sale. “Su Weili believes that this reveals commitments to good prospects for trilateral cooperation.

However, for PV companies, investment and financing channels is restricted by the biggest bottlenecks for enterprise development, photovoltaic power plant up to 8 billion per GW huge investment of ~120 billion yuan, greatly tested the ability of funds and financing.

In this regard, baic and how would the sky solar solve?

Evaluation of the industry, baic and sky solar mode of cooperation is the biggest attractions “IPP and asset securitization” combination of PV industry in this model is expected to become a new investment and financing path.

It is reported that the sky solar owns sky solar holdings (SKYS) and Tian hua, China, Qinghai Tianhua’s three business groups. According to Su Weili planning SKYS associated joint venture stakes or invest in PV power plant assets. The ultimate goal is to have the cash flow, mature Chinese PV power plant assets in the United States stock market independently. He thinks it already has successful precedents in foreign countries, and in terms of funding costs, “international capital markets and cheaper.”

If calculated according to the operation mode of the above, the new company 110% compound annual growth rate of sales income, profit growth rate as high as 85%.

However, this mode or in hard copy. “The acquisition of PV and listed separately on the premise that in a foreign country, to have a foreign issuer. “Some people in the industry told reporters. While China holding just acts as the roles.

In November 2014, sky solar holdings in the United States NASDAQ market. And completed 200 in 18 countries around the world to develop a solar power plant projects, considerable strength.

In addition to the investment and financing channels, photovoltaic power generation efficiency is focus at the present stage. The past 7 years, domestic photovoltaic power generation costs have dropped 80%, and cost reduction will make more and more companies see business prospect.

Su Weili said, along with the investment cost and utilization efficiency of PV cells, baic and sky solar new exploration will lead to more investment and financing of the capital interest or follow.

Original title: “outsider” baic knocking new PV capital operation mode how to play?

XI with distributed PV power application and implementation programme

Polaris solar PV net news: Reporter learned from the Xian municipal government Web site, XI issued with distributed PV power application and implementation programme (2015–2017), which read:

District and county governments, municipal departments, organizations directly under:

The XI ‘ an city with distributed PV power application and implementation programme (2015-2017) on July 21, 2015 study on the 116th meeting of the Municipal Government agreed that it is issued to you, please earnestly implement.

XI ‘ an city people’s Government Office

The August 6, 2015

XI with distributed PV power application and implementation programme

(2015-2017)

For speed up advance I city distributed PV power application development, optimization energy consumption structure, according to State on promote PV industry health development of several views (country sent (2013) 24th,), and Shaanxi Province Government on model advance distributed PV power application of implementation views (shaan political sent (2014) 37th,) spirit, combined I city actual, developed this implementation programme.

A, guideline

Around the building in XI ‘ an international metropolis goals, to create a new energy model city as an opportunity, through the promotion of distributed construction of photovoltaic power generation demonstration project, exploring PV application path, applications, photovoltaic power generation, speed up my development, promote energy-saving emission reduction and “reduce pollution haze”.

Second, objective

By 2015, 60 MW, 2016 70 megawatts, 2017 about 70 MW-scale layout, by the end of 2017, photovoltaic power generation demonstration projects built 50, building distributed photovoltaic power generation demonstration area (development zones and industrial parks or residential) 10, photovoltaic power generation demonstration towns (neighborhoods) and model village 30, the city distributed photovoltaic power of at least 200 megawatts. After the goal is reached, PV 240 million kWh per year, instead of about 117,000 tons of coal and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by about 210,000 tons.

Third, basic principles

(A) play the decisive role of market forces in allocating resources. Follow the law of market, correctly handle the relationship between Government and market regulation, establish incentive mechanisms and fair competition.

(B) innovative multiple-mode. Encourage specialized energy service companies and the consumer cooperative investment construction and operation management of distributed PV power generation and related facilities, support energy management contract model of distributed PV applications, support social capital investment and construction of photovoltaic power generation project.

(C) to application-driven industry. To demonstration projects and focus on PV enterprises based on improving photovoltaic application development level, speed up the formation of the city of PV industry and technological advantages, promoting development of photovoltaic power generation and manufacturing industries.

Four, focal area

(A) rooftop photovoltaic power generation. Priority in electricity, electrical load stability, high proportion of spontaneous use, construction conditions (clear property rights, effective use of the building not less than 20 years, meet installation requirements roof without shelter, loads), grid access convenient roof construction of photovoltaic power generation system. Support for industrial plants, commercial complex, large buildings, stations, parking lots, schools, government agencies, hospitals, research institutions and urban residential buildings roof, exterior wall and glass curtain wall construction of small photovoltaic power generation system, encourage the other new construction of photovoltaic power generation system and condition of existing buildings. By the end of 2017, rooftop photovoltaic power generation application scale of not less than 120 MW. (Responsible unit: municipal development and Reform Commission, with the units: the municipal construction Committee, municipal planning Bureau, the municipal science and Technology Bureau, the Municipal Commission, the municipal environmental protection Bureau, urban quality inspection Bureau, the County Government and the development zone management Committee)

(B) the PV lighting. City, the focus of the town, industrial parks, tourist sights, such as new roads, squares, parks, public green lighting, as well as the conditions of urban road traffic lights give priority to solar photovoltaic lighting system and the renovation of existing facilities gradually. Urban road building nightscape lighting project should promote photovoltaic applications. By the end of 2017, PV lighting application area of not less than 5 megawatts. (Responsible unit: city councils, with the units: the municipal authority, the City Transportation Bureau, the municipal Public Security Bureau and Tourism Bureau, city construction Committee, municipal information Commission, the municipal quality Council, district and county governments and development zone management committee, etc)

(C) building. Encourage project construction based on the implementation of the technical specification for solar photovoltaic systems in civil buildings in XI solar building integration. By the end of 2017, PV building integration project size of not less than 5 megawatts. (Responsible unit: the municipal construction Committee, with the units: the municipal science and Technology Bureau, the municipal Bureau of quality and so on)

(D) what model town PV. Support to provincial-level key model town, provincial tourism and cultural town model town and renewable use of building roofs, greenhouses, agricultural waste land and barren slopes, beaches, ponds and other construction of distributed PV power plant to promote urbanization. By the end of 2017, model town PV Application scale of not less than 10 MW. (Responsible unit: the municipal construction Committee, with the unit: municipal development and Reform Commission, the municipal land and resources Bureau and environmental protection Bureau, urban agriculture, Forestry Commission, the municipal Bureau of quality and agricultural district and county governments, and so on)

(V) photovoltaic power generation in rural areas. Support farmers ‘ use of free use of land in the hospital building distributed PV to encourage distributed PV and household poverty, combined with the construction of a new countryside, urban agriculture greenhouses and combines and other agricultural facilities, promote improvement of herd life and agricultural and rural development. By the end of 2017, agricultural and rural photovoltaic power generation application scale of not less than 60 MW. (Responsible unit: City agriculture and Forestry Commission, with the units: the municipal development and Reform Commission, the agricultural districts of the city quality supervision, Government, etc)

Five, project approval and grid connection

(A) projects for the record. Management of distributed solar power projects for the record. Corporate investment and construction of distributed solar power projects, corporate units to local district, development zone development and reform Department. To personal-use residential (individually-owned commercial construction) construction of distributed solar power projects, grid-connected individual to submit to the local power grid business applications, accepted by the local power grid company summary, monthly into local district, development zone development and reform Department. District, development zone development and reform Department from the date of receipt of the application, issued by filing within 7 business days. (Responsible unit: the District Government and the development zone management committee, with the unit: power supply branch network to electric power supply company, Xian)

(B) grid connection applications. After the corporate units in the project record, declared to the local power grid enterprise business applications for grid access (direct reporting network access). Power companies received the project owner (owner of corporate and individual owners, hereinafter the same) network access applications, access should be provided within 20 working days client systems, corporate units confirm the access system options, grid access Comment Letter issued by (in the case of centralized multipoint access of distributed solar power projects may be extended to 30 working days). Legal entities to obtain grid access advice letter, follow up engineering and construction work (individual confirmation follow-up design and construction scheme of connecting directly after work). (Responsible unit: power supply branch network to electric power supply company, Xian)

(C) the acceptance and grid-connected operation of the project. Project owners in the distributed grid-connected PV power generation projects with conditions, to submit to the local power grid enterprise business applications for grid and grid-connected commissioning acceptance. Power grid enterprises completed within 10 working days from receipt of the application gateway installation services of electric energy metering, and purchase and sale contract signed with the owners in accordance with the requirements of the project and incorporation agreement; gateway electric energy metering devices installed grid-connected organizations within 10 working days after acceptance and grid-connected commissioning, acceptance of advice to the project owners, after debugging directly into the grid. If unqualified acceptance, power grid enterprise solution should ask the owner. After project acceptance of grid-connected, power companies on a quarterly basis to the Ministry and the National Energy Board report projects eligible to apply. (Responsible unit: power supply branch network to electric power supply company, Xian)

(D) power on mode selection. Distributed solar power grid “spontaneous personal use”, “power” and “full access” for the user to choose one of three modes, transition is allowed. Power grid enterprises in the “full Internet” electricity generated by users and “spontaneous use, more than power” users surf the net margin part of the full purchase. (Responsible unit: power supply branch network to electric power supply company, Xian)

(E) statistics and State subsidy funds. Network of distributed solar power projects by enterprises all electricity, kWh, respectively measurement and statistics, monthly (or agreed) and the owners of distributed solar power projects (including personal) settlement to pay for electricity and State subsidy funds. Distributed PV forecast, according to the principle of distributed solar power projects priority to subsidized capital budgeting and planning, protection of distributed solar power projects the State subsidy funds to pay in full and in the second month before the month in place (provincial and municipal subsidy requests for funding and payment according to the relevant regulations). (Responsible unit: power supply branch network to electric power supply company, Xian)

Six, enabling policies

(A) increase financial support. In carrying out medium and existing photovoltaic power subsidies and preferential policies on the basis of municipal finance for the city district (County) within the scope of distributed solar power projects in accordance with the standard of 1 Yuan per watt, in the grid after running the acceptance of the project, a one-time investment grants. The development zone (cut zone) area PV power generation projects in accordance with the standard of not less than 1 Yuan per watt, in the grid after running the acceptance of the project, a one-time investment grants. Encouraging district, development zone introduced other supportive policies. Levels are allowed to levy resource royalties on behalf of photovoltaic power generation enterprise cost outside of the collection of laws and regulations. (Responsible unit: the Municipal Finance Bureau, the development zone management committee, with the units: the municipal development and Reform Commission, the municipal construction Commission and the County Government)

(B) optimization of project approval and interconnection services. Distributed PV projects access to project records and grid access comment letter (just confirm network access solution) to carry out follow-up work such as engineering design and construction for distributed solar power projects from power, licensing, planning, site selection, land pre-trial, soil conservation, environmental impact assessment, energy efficiency rating and social risk assessment support document. District, development zone development and reform Department and power companies be maintained for each Office distributed applications for grid-connected PV power generation projects for the record and “green passage” publish, process, materials, time frame for completion, providing one-stop services. Connected to the public power grid of distributed solar power projects, the Access project and access-related public enterprises to invest in construction of power grids in part by the network, user side project by project owners invest. Grid Enterprise free of reserve capacity, supply and installation of electrical energy metering device for free, in the grid access and run all aspects of the provision of services shall not charge any fee. Network Enterprise pursuant to the relevant provisions with the local tax department deal with buy distributed solar power projects and power product invoice and tax collection problems. (Responsible unit: the District Government and the development zone management committee, Municipal Council, with the unit: power supply branch network to electric power supply company, Xian)

(C) encourage key units take the lead in installing photovoltaic systems. New comprehensive energy consumption per year more than 3000 tons of enterprise (project), total area of more than 5000 square meters of roofs available for new construction, giving priority to supporting the construction of photovoltaic power generation system. A single effective roof area of 1000 square meters of new buildings, or lead in installed photovoltaic power generation facilities reserved for the installation conditions. Building roof, distributed PV generation conditions of provincial and municipal-level units, in principle, to take advantage of the roof have distributed PV systems under construction. Government investment construction of public facilities, government investment or financial assistance to public buildings, affordable housing, new towns and new countryside construction to give priority to installing PV systems. Support of its affiliate organization of large enterprise groups construction of distributed solar power projects. (Responsible unit: municipal development and Reform Commission, with the unit: municipal construction Commission, the Municipal Finance Bureau, XI ‘ an, XI ‘ an city investment group, State grid power Corporation, electric power supply branch in XI ‘ an, the County Government and the development zone management Committee)

(D) energy policy role to play. All distributed PV power generating capacity into the whole society statistics, electricity consumption after conversion into County Government, development zone management committee and energy-using enterprises, incorporating energy-saving emission reduction evaluation. (Responsible unit: municipal development and Reform Commission, with the unit: municipal construction Commission, the Municipal Finance Bureau, the municipal Bureau of statistics, State grid, XI ‘ an power supply companies, electric power supply branch in XI ‘ an, the County Government and the development zone management committee, etc)

(E) strengthen quality management and safety oversight. Take PV consulting, engineering design, construction and supervision units, should strictly comply with national and local codes and standards, quality management and safety oversight responsibilities entrusted to project construction. Projects must be certified by the State and high efficiency photovoltaic modules, photovoltaic integrated systems, PV system components and other products to ensure efficiency and life span. (Responsible unit: municipal construction Committee, municipal quality supervision Bureau, the municipal authority, with the units: the municipal science and Technology Bureau, the municipal development and Reform Commission, the County Government and the development zone management committee, etc)

(F) co-ordinate roofing resource. Photovoltaic roof installation, and other site resources, uniform rental or sharing the roof PV benefits standards, coordinating construction roofing resources to encourage businesses (personal) investment or rental of roof construction of distributed PV systems, prohibit building owners bid up the roof using price, disturb the normal order of development and construction. PV conditions are met without the PV power system design and planning of new or expansion of a building (projects), related departments in planning, energy conservation, review and acceptance of the project was inadmissible. Photovoltaic power generation systems, but not suitable for the construction of the roof construction, land-use tax according to the highest standards. (Responsible unit: municipal development and Reform Commission, the municipal construction Committee, with the unit: municipal information Commission, the municipal housing authority, the municipal land and resources Bureau and the County Government and the development zone management committee, etc)

VII, safeguards

(A) strengthen organizational leadership. Established by municipal government competent led any leader, city NDRC, and city finance, and city construction, and City Planning Council, and city workers letter Board and the District Government, and the zone CMC and the country network Xian power company, and to electric Xian power branch for members units of Xian City advance distributed PV power application coordination group, is responsible for research developed city distributed PV power medium-and long-term development planning, and major policy and advance measures. Coordinating group set up under the Office, Office in the municipal development and Reform Commission, responsible for the promotion of distributed PV applications daily.

The Division of responsibilities:

Municipal development and Reform Commission is responsible for the management of distributed solar power projects in the city. Responsible for planning, power management, coordination and supervision of project construction, the completion of the project acceptance, grant funds reporting at the provincial level and information aggregation work; development of XI ‘ an city management approach for distributed grid-connected photovoltaic power generation project approval and acceptance, integrated and coordinated promotion of demonstration projects and demonstration area. District, development zone development and reform Department territory responsible for filing, to oversee the project, effectively promoting projects.

City Department of finance is responsible for raising municipal distributed solar power subsidies, special subsidies for distributed solar power projects.

Municipal construction Committee to supervise civil construction PV integration project promoting the work corresponds according to the implementation plan calls for the construction of photovoltaic power generation building energy saving special review of the project, coordination of distributed renewable energy demonstration town work construction of photovoltaic power generation system.

City Planning Bureau is responsible for content distributed PV generation plan into the overall planning changes.

Municipal information Commission is responsible for guiding the city’s PV manufacturing enterprises and increase investment in science and technology, innovation and development mode, lower manufacturing costs, participation in the construction of photovoltaic power generation demonstration projects and demonstration zones.

XI ‘ an, State grid power Corporation, XI ‘ an power supply branch is responsible for strengthening the construction of supporting network and facilities, improve accepted photovoltaic power generation capacity to facilitate distributed photovoltaic grid-connected generation in the user side, fully guaranteeing the purchasing for electricity, grid-connected electricity connection, acceptance, operation and statistical reporting, national subsidies paid work.

Other municipal departments according to their respective functions and the implementation tasks of the programme of work to implement.

County Government and area development zone management Committee co-ordinate leadership distributed photovoltaic application. The development zone management committee to develop this level of distributed PV financial assistance fund-use practices, special subsidies on the area of distributed solar power projects.

(B) pay special attention to construction of demonstration projects. By industrial plants, vegetable greenhouses and station garage, school, party and Government organs, urban residential roof construction, such as photovoltaic power generation demonstration project, rural households, and fumble set up grid access grid-connected applications, debugging and acceptance, the settlement of electricity charges and subsidies granted combination of distributed solar power projects, such as filing, acceptance, quality control and supervision of one-stop service system. Guide social capital investment or equity investment of PV power generation projects in various forms. Set up distributed PV information and trading platform, integration of photovoltaic power generation of various types of information and resources to explore distributed PV power generation projects to the same radio station area in line with policies and conditions of power users a direct selling model, investment, construction, management and match the users effectively and distributed PV to dissolve. Carbon emissions trading pilot found the pattern and path of carbon emissions trading or other transactions.

(C) to strengthen the promotion. Through media such as newspapers, television, the Internet and various exchange activities, popularize the knowledge of photovoltaic power generation, to improve people’s awareness and sense of participation.

(D) strengthening supervision and accountability. PV provides access and acquisition of power grid enterprises is not the amount, it shall explain the reasons in writing and reported to the municipal development and Reform Commission and in our province’s energy regulatory body, causing investor losses, according to the People’s Republic of China economic liability provisions of the renewable energy law. For not following the implementation of the relevant provisions of the programme required, finger-pointing and personal, relevant departments through interviews, supervision, exposure and other forms, urging responsible for corrective action.

Original title: Xian municipal people’s Government Office on issue with distributed PV application programme (2015-2017) notice

Global 40%-added cleaning power in China

Polaris solar PV net news: projected to 2030, the global share of renewable electricity in global total energy is expected to increase to 33%. Over the next 15 years, the world two-thirds of the new generation capacity should come from China, the European Union, the United States and India, other 40% the energy from other countries. On July 16, the International Energy Agency (abbreviated as IEA) released the 2015 World Energy Outlook, the energy and climate change special report. IEA Chief Economist and now a Commissioner-designate Fatih ˙ birol explained, in the context of practical implementation of their commitments around the world, the global energy industry will have “bigger bang” change, by 2030, renewable energy will become the world’s main power source.

The next 5 years, renewable or 26% per cent of global electricity supply

Report shows that current renewable energy accounted for 22% of the world’s electricity, well below the 41% coal power generation, but accounted for nearly half of all new generating capacity. Because non-hydroelectric renewable energy annual investment was higher than the average annual investment since 2000 80% by 2030, renewable energy will be the main source of power, is expected to increase to 33% per cent of global total energy, and inefficient coal-fired power will gradually decline in the proportion.

“By 2030, the energy supply will probably have one-fourth belong to low-carbon energy, the global renewable power generation should be accounted for in the first place. Over the next 15 years, the world two-thirds of the new generation capacity should come from China, the European Union, the United States and India, other 40% the energy from other countries. Global demand for oil will gradually decline, natural gas will become the world’s only steady growth in fossil fuels. Coal in most countries, and both countries have substantially reduced the demand. “Fatih ˙ birol said.

The report was released a week later, in international seminar on global Internet technologies for energy, head of the IEA renewable energy Division Paolo ˙ Frank again with more accurate data on the future development of renewable energy is optimistic. Paul ˙ Frank in his keynote speech, believes that each country is committed to promoting the development of low-carbon energy, which makes the entire energy pattern has changed a lot. The next 5 years, the global renewable energy production will continue to rise, renewable energy and growth in its power generation capacity will reach 45%, power from renewable energy should be 26% per cent of global electricity supply.

The past 5 years, new world 40% clean electricity from China

The important position of our country on the map of international energy IEA pay more and more. As early as 2013, Fatih ˙ birol told reporters: “if I have to choose 3 countries deserves special attention, then my answer is: China, China, China. “Special report, the IEA with plenty of space to analyze the energy situation in China, says global emissions is very important point is the need for China to participate. Because both now and in the future, China is the world’s leading countries in clean energy; without China’s participation, all international targets just oral commitments.

As head of the IEA renewable energy Division, Paul ˙ Frank China renewable energy development focusing on specific analysis. He pointed out that the emerging economies, led by China’s State energy consumption growth, growth of power in China will reach 30%. Active economic environment led to a strong growth in demand for electricity, reduce fossil energy consumption, meant so much additional power must be provided by renewable energy. 40% ‘s new world-wide over the past 5 years clean electricity is in China; in the past 5 years of clean energy, investments in renewable energy than the United States and the total amount of investment is higher in Europe.

Although renewable energy sources in the global development speed is extremely fast, but Paul ˙ Frank believes that States are fundamentally different. Seminar he has repeatedly emphasized that “in non-OECD countries OECD countries the situation is very different. “He believes that renewable energy structure in non-OECD countries is one of the largest new source, although its growth rate is only 35%, but in the future there will be a number of factors promoting the development of renewable energy. On one hand, due to the amount of economic activity in non-OECD countries the very strong demand for energy, renewable energy expansion in order to meet fast-growing demand. The other hand, non-OECD countries continue to expect a comprehensive adjustment of energy structure, rather than just one or two energy sources, energy security and diversification of energy caused by drivers will lead to renewable energy costs will continue to decline in the future.

Within 15 years, it is recommended that an additional $ 130 billion investment in renewable energy technologies

Of course, to achieve the IEA expected, the precondition is that the national climate deal can be reached in 2015.

Energy production and use of emissions generated by two-thirds per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions, which means to be held in Paris on December the 21st session of the United Nations climate change Conference (COP21) the commitments undertaken by States must be both on emissions reduction ambitions, while maintaining world economic growth. How to implement emissions reduction ambitions, global energy-related emissions peaked in 2020, IEA proposed in the report of the special interface (bridging) policy, one of these measures is direct investment in renewable energy technologies in the power industry from $ 270 billion in 2014, up to $ 400 billion of 2030.

“Within 15 years would add US $ 130 billion of investments”, such a goal, in the view of many in the industry may have slightly higher, IEA expressed strongly this is not impossible. Special report, the IEA believes that in 2014, demand for renewable energy has no signs of weakening: renewable energy generation capacity from 2014 on the basis of 128 million-kilowatt, where 37% is the wind, close to one-third solar, more than one-fourth is water; India even declared that by 2022 to meet the 175 million-kilowatt of non-renewable water production capacity. Due to advances in technology result in some cost reduction, renewable energy project is increasingly favored by investors, the project access to financing is also growing. Resource-rich countries, cities or regions in the future, as well as those countries with more favorable policies on the regulation, and include countries with relatively low financing costs, would be a big boost and promote the development of renewable energy.

Original title: IEA: global 40%-added cleaning power in China

“Thirteen-Five” solar PV targets raised a few final am still controversial

Arctic star solar PV network news: author from more article message source was informed that, “Thirteen-Five” planning new energy target raised basic determine, market General expected, related industry of development target will than “Twelve-Five” planning in the prospect of (to 2020 wind electric 200 million-kilowatt, solar 100 million-kilowatt) numerical sharply upgrade, solar power is expected to reached 150 million kW, wind electric 250 million-280 million kW, but raised range still exists dispute.

At present, the wind turbine “Thirteen-Five” planning has been a preliminary programme, is developing the first draft of the plan, is expected to report early next year, PV planning progress simultaneously.

A Department of energy insider, hasn’t finalized these objectives in the energy levels. Due to the traditional power grid construction and relatively fixed, can keep up with the pace of new energy development and, therefore, have different views.

Chinese Photovoltaic Industry Association says, “Twelve-Five” PV installed capacity during target raised time and again, at first is not expected to develop so quickly. From the current industry situation, “Twelve-Five” PV installed capacity target of 100GW by 2020 must have to live. And, based on the Sino-US agreement on climate change commitments, to achieve the goal of 15% proportion of non-fossil energy consumption in 2020, projections can only achieve on nuclear, hydropower, wind power and photovoltaic.

“Nuclear power because of the long construction period, installed capacity by 2020 confirmed; difficulty progressive increase of large hydropower station and economic decline. Therefore, the more likely also to be wind and PV. “He said, in this case, the” Thirteen-Five “solar PV installed capacity target raised to 150GW conservative 200GW are likely.

As early as April this year, the National Energy Board issued a notice requiring renewable energy development “Thirteen-Five” planning, composed the first draft of the plan before the end of September, and to solicit views, forms a national plan draft before the end of December. And proposed planning focuses on the prominent transformation of energy development and promote the adjustment of energy structure, argument “Thirteen-Five” during various types of renewable energy development goals, research priorities in various regions and major project layout, renewable energy local absorptive and transmission needs, technical equipment and industrial systems, and the development of policy.

The industry association told the writer, photovoltaic and wind turbine “Thirteen-Five” special plan on renewable energy development “Thirteen-Five” planned out.

I was informed by the people close to the policy development and related meeting of the Energy Council in mid-July to determine wind “Thirteen-Five” preliminary programme planning. Wind power and other projects “Thirteen-Five” reported plans to develop early next year, is expected to reply in the next year.

But, in fact, eliminate problems faced by new energy, and become an industry speed-up development constraints.

According to Department of energy data, 2015-half wind up wind, 15.2% rose 6.7%, when the national cumulative PV power capacity reached 19 billion-kilowatt in the first half, abandoned when optical weight of about 1.8 billion-kilowatt, Gansu and Xinjiang to abandon light 28% and 19%, respectively.

Therefore, compared to “Twelve-Five”, “Thirteen-Five” is the key channel during construction.

“New energy product quality is also gradually attention, the recent Department of energy launched the PV ‘ front-runner ‘ scheme, combined photovoltaic and other successful enterprise project started in Datong of Shanxi province landed. “More than an interview with author said. “The new energy is very small in the past, the ‘ Twelve-Five ‘ plan didn’t take into account. “An analysis of the long-term focus on new energy researcher at the brokerage, told reporters,” the Thirteen-Five “energy grid needs to be further strengthened during the new construction. New energy policy direction is clear, industry will maintain its long-term prosperity.

Original title: “Thirteen-Five” new energy targets raised a few final am still controversial

Yingli sells photovoltaic power plant to sell overseas assets to solve the debt crisis

Polaris solar PV net news: selling idle land, Yingli resold overseas photovoltaic power plant. Yingli Green energy holding company limited yesterday announced that the company has been located in the United Kingdom a 18.8 MW power project sold to NextEnergySolarFund company. The industry believes that is debt Yingli over 90%, coupled with continuing losses, finance, debt service burden, selling idle land, United Kingdom PV can relieve debt pressures.

PV Giants frequently sell assets

It is understood that this project is located in the United Kingdom on an abandoned airfield in Essex County in the Southeast, occupies an area of more than 50 hectares. Grid-connected projects completed by March 2015, years about meet 5700 United Kingdom average household electricity demand.

Miao Liansheng, Yingli Green Energy’s Chairman and Chief Executive, said downstream of the items sold in accordance with the company’s global business strategy, that is, substantial returns in the development and sale of project assets, but also for Yingli propulsion power plant project development on a global scale to provide additional financial support.

On April 23, Yingli will sell 69 Silicon 588 million yuan of idle land in Exchange for cash flow. Yingli said at the abundant flow of capital the company’s cash flow derived from land sales, and also help the company meet debt obligations.

There is media exposure, Yingli is in talks with a potential buyer to discuss selling a 50 MW solar power project in Hebei province.

Ease high debt pressure

Yingli frequently close to asset sales and high debt, quarter 2014 shows that British listed company section 27.1 billion yuan in total assets, total liabilities of 25.8 billion yuan, debt ratio as high as 95% in the current period, far exceeding the industry average. Beijing commercial news reporters comb found its debt ratio has more than one-quarter above 90%. In business management, asset-liability ratio maintained generally 40%-60% it is suitable, if too much it will increase the risk of financing more difficult, increasing the debt.

While the debt ratio is high, profitability is not optimistic. Yingli 2014 annual report, the company realized gross profit margins increased, but is still losing about $ 210 million in net profit, its revenue was reduced from 2.217 billion dollars from a year earlier to $ 2.084 billion.

PV analysts Peng Meng said in an interview with the Beijing business today, idle land has a good appreciation of space, photovoltaic power plant capable of generating cash, both of these are good assets for enterprises. Yingli currently high rate of debt and continued losses, difficulty in financing, against this background, last-ditch move sell good assets for cash flow.

“Yingli October payments on medium-term notes was 1 billion yuan this year, by selling 69 Silicon idle land for 589.8 million yuan in cash flow, coupled with early sale of 54 megawatts of photovoltaic projects, and the United Kingdom to 18.8 MW photovoltaic project, also in return for 800 million to 900 million yuan in cash flow that can be used to repay maturing debt of 1 billion yuan. “Yingli Wang Zhixin, Deputy Minister of the Department of public relations, said.

Debt-layout high-profit fields

In order to utilize the funds, Yingli began to adjust the scale, focus on relief. Ying Li made it clear at the beginning of this year, due to the focus on highly leveraged and need to restructure this year of $ 4 billion in debt by more than $ 2 billion, by 2015 new capacity is not increased.

Yingli Wang Yi, Chief Financial Officer of more than introduce Yingli is mainly by controlling shipments, gradually turned to asset-light, as well as open up new business to resolve the debt, but also include the introduction of capital by means of strategic investments, SEO, Yingli is expected to bring the debt ratio down to a reasonable level before the end of 2016.

“Photovoltaic components profit margin is less than 10%, and power gains of at least 10%, the high profits of the power plant solutions. Yingli will increase the intensity of PV power plant development, accelerated by the component production, power plant operations transformation to the solution. While enhancing internal cost control, reduced administrative expenses, to resolve the debt problem. “Yingli official said.

Peng Meng noted that Yingli now is quite the right direction, whether it is developing photovoltaic power plants provide solutions, are areas where current industry higher profits and Yingli is cost and technological advantages. If we can achieve a better development, not only can improve the profit situation, will greatly enhance the company’s ability to service its debt.

One industry source pointed out that PV is a capital project, need a lot of financial support currently Yingli debt ratio is already high, if you get enough financing, also needs further observation.

Original title: Yingli sells photovoltaic power plant to sell overseas assets to solve the debt crisis

Heilongjiang photovoltaic project development and construction Guide

Polaris solar PV net news: first, resources

Heilongjiang province is the highest latitudes, the annual average temperature minimum, good solar radiation, solar energy resource-rich provinces. Total annual solar radiation to 1.201 million/m2 year in 2,400-2,800 annual average sunshine hours between the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Percentage of Sunshine 60%, temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of South North is less. According to meteorological statistics, Heilongjiang province, Sunshine rate peaks in winter (December-February). It is because the latitude of Heilongjiang higher low winter sun elevation angle, South to the intensity of solar radiation on the vertical surface.

Second, tariff and subsidy policy

PV power station: according to local solar resources and construction costs, the country is divided into three types of benchmark price, develop benchmark price of photovoltaic power station.

Distributed PV: territorial power subsidies for distributed PV policy, price subsidies for 0.42 Yuan per kWh (including tax, the same below), be paid through the renewable energy development fund, by the power companies to pay which, distributed PV systems use more than the power of the Internet, by grid enterprises in accordance with the new benchmark coal price in the local acquisitions.

Third, economic evaluation

Heilongjiang province is rich in solar resources, class ⅱ resource areas, PV power station corresponds to the benchmark price of 0.95 Yuan per kWh, distributed execution 0.42 Yuan per kWh of electricity price subsidies. Assuming the PV Unit cost of the item to 9400, over hours at 1350 hours.

1, PV power station project

Assuming the ground power station installed capacity of 10MW, based on calculations, the pre-tax rate of return between the 9.18% before the project financing, investment recovery period is 9.67 years, projects have good profitability.

Table 1 PV financial indicators table

2, distributed PV projects

Assumes that the distributed project for 1MW of installed capacity. If all Internet access mode, on-grid price of 0.95 Yuan per kWh using spontaneous use, more than power, spontaneous use part of the electricity price is the selling price + 0.42 Yuan per kWh, surfing some new benchmark for local coal-fired electricity price + 0.42 per kWh; all spontaneous use, price is the selling price + 0.42 Yuan per kWh. According to Heilongjiang power grid from electricity sales prices, the highest selling price to General commercial and industrial electricity consumption – 0.8780/kWh, spontaneous use of distributed project selection pays best. This pre-tax rate before calculating project financing 10.98%, payback period between 8.57, the project has good profitability.

Financial indicators table 2 distributed PV project list

Four, filing process

PV project in Heilongjiang Province State policy implementation, provided solar power generation project in project management, national projects of photovoltaic power generation project, need to be included in the annual construction plans.

Original title: Guide for development and construction in China province PV project-Heilongjiang

PV orders for season and constantly but with limited price increases

Polaris solar PV net news: mainland China lift strength of solar domestic demand strong, United States, and Japan and India, market demand is high, order continued to emerge in late July, manufacturers overall capacity utilization to rise. EnergyTrend latest offer study showed that orders for components and raw materials manufacturers has been to three months after the expected heat demand is expected to continue till the end, but is subject to acceptance and raw materials, the price rise range is limited.

EnergyTrend Gao Jiaxi, an analyst said, the current market requirements, so stop the polysilicon processing trade Handbook (the Handbook) fallout will cost month supply chain focus of observation of price fluctuation. End of August the handbook after termination of polycrystalline silicon reduction in imports to China overseas, China polysilicon prices will have a chance to rebound, and then upward to meet increasing demand. However gains still depends on the acceptable levels in the lower reaches and downstream order prices have been hammered out this month, estimates China’s polysilicon August gains difficult to widen, but there are opportunities from RMB116-118/kg up to RMB120/kg, a gain of about percent.

Polysilicon Crystal round part, downstream component efficiency improve makes needs steering efficient polysilicon Crystal round, quality more better of Silicon Crystal round orders boom, so two or three line factory capacity again opened, supply increased makes price by suppressed; line factory expected efficient polysilicon Crystal round price up US$0.835/tablets, but battery factory General on price accept degrees only in US$0.825-US$0.83/tablets Zhijian, eventually will depends on raw materials and terminal market price gains. Single crystal silicon wafer demand power project developed by silicon wafer plant, will have the opportunity to consume some of the capacity of single crystal, silicon wafer manufacturing process reduce the price more space in the future, prices are expected to continue to fall to stimulate market demand.

In the battery, strong demand for high efficiency polycrystalline cells with two or three wires battery plant out again, but price gains are components difficult to prices and excess capacity depressed August Taiwan high performance battery prices range from US$0.31-0.315/W to US$0.313-0.318/W, while the Mainland is from US$0.3-0.303/W to US$0.303-0.306/W. The current polysilicon wafer rally is brewing, and solar cell manufacturing cost is US$0.30~0.31/W, solar cell prices edged only Maori contribution to solar cell manufacturers are limited, manufacturer profitability was still hard in the Middle display industry.

Component prices were little changed in the short term, current mainstream component efficiency has reached 255-260W. China’s first vertically integrated companies to maintain full production, order visibility of up to three months or more, demand heats up, factory OEM orders are released to the two or three lines, let two or three line assembly plant opened in succession, supplies are relatively abundant. Fluctuated within the component prices stabilize, but price is significantly raised.

Original title: solar orders season heats up, but the price rises are limited

Clean power behind Obama’s political calculation

Polaris solar PV net news: resolved Iran after the United States President Barak ˙ Obama (Barack Obama) chose climate change as the next part of his legacy.

Released last weekend by the Obama plan of cleaning power (Clean Power Plan) is of real importance, also has a significant political impact – Paris climate talks last December, is true for next year’s presidential election.

As regards the substance, which is the political authority in times of peace and unprecedented demands on the private sector. It requires the State in 15 years in 2005, based on reductions in emissions of approximately one-third; even if some States will resist, but many States will follow–causing serious consequences for companies and their investors. Coal-fired power plants will be shut down, and as there is limited exports, dozens of United States mine is also closed. No wonder the industry reacted furiously.

Beneficiaries will be companies. Obama’s plan echoed Hillary ˙ Clinton (Hillary Clinton) last month in the fight for the Democratic presidential nomination, the ideas to make solar electricity by 2027 700%, the use of regulatory powers enhance the market share of renewable energy.

In terms of numbers, the plans are ambitious, but judging from the pace of technological progress, growth can be made without a substantial increase in subsidy cases or raise consumer prices. United States solar power costs are falling all over, begins to “net equity” (gridparity, solar power costs down to traditional power generation costs), which means that they do not need subsidies can also compete with the lowest-cost fossil fuels. Clinton’s proposal consistent with the emerging new reality.

Nuclear power and natural gas industries, the Obama plan is neither encourage nor discourage, market share is not specified, nor is there any subsidies. As for now, natural gas industry will be able to deal with, but unless it achieved a breakthrough in cost cuts or new nuclear projects in the United States and Europe to start.

Plan made no mention of promoting scientific and technological development, any initiative that seeks to improve the efficiency of energy supply and use. This is unfortunate, because in order to solve the climate change problem, India needs of low-income countries, such as low-cost and low-carbon fuel source. Policies to encourage development of such technologies will emerge later–after all, the election still more than a year.

Now look at Obama’s political plans. The plan was reminiscent of Kevin Spacey (Kevin Spacey) in the Netflix of the series House of cards (House of Cards) who plays the unscrupulous villain in fulanke·ande wood (Frank Under wood). In the political game, one of the most unique is its claim to define you and differences between the rivals. Another is forcing opponents into they want to avoid the situation. Third is to have them fighting. Do this in one fell swoop Obama three points.

Republicans like is expected to fall into the trap. Seeking the Republican nomination for President of Florida Senator Marco ˙ Marco Rubio (Marco Rubio) immediately declared that the policy was “catastrophic”. Senate Republican Leader Mitch ˙ McConnell (MitchMc Connell) called on States to ignore new laws-when Mitch McConnell in the Senate last year none of the slogan “coal, guns and freedom”. Even a rational position on this issue, has been trying to j-cloth ˙ Bush (Jeb Bush) was forced to criticism that Obama’s plan “irresponsible”.

Given the Republican electoral base and generous donors such as billionaire Koch brothers, seeking the Republican presidential nomination who almost has no choice. Their question (as well as the genius of the Obama political means) is that pandering to those who decided the occasion of the Group of presidential candidates next year, they decided the views alienated voters of the outcome of the election. For example, Yale project on climate change (Yale Projecton Climate Change) poll shows global warming has become a public concern. Coal is considered to be dirty and unhealthy. Assuming Hillary Rodham Clinton for the Democratic presidential nomination, she might not win the support of some coal States. In her proposal, as well as Obama’s plan, an intriguing subtext is that democratic leaders deliberately alienate labour organizations, including the once-powerful mining unions. But their thinking is certainly, conforms to the historical trend, stand in the next side, Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes in the general election.

Obama’s proposed detailed and complex, and will face legal challenges. They are unlikely to be fully implemented. Part of these proposals, they will not solve the global problem of climate change, will not force other countries to follow suit. But they do help to define the United States energy policy and United States electoral politics.

Original title: Obama “clean power” behind the political

Solar thermal power generation is about to usher in the spring market leading who?

Polaris solar PV net news: Deputy Director of the national energy administration Liu Qi, after encouraging remarks in delingha, Qinghai, again confidence in solar-thermal power generation industry, widespread expectations of strong warming this year.

Solar thermal power generation industry in China has hobbled industry environment has not improved significantly, we also see that many local companies disappear after one or two years, or to give up, or converting.

The market ultimately will belong to those who cling to the industrial development of enterprises. Reporter statistics recently light thermal power generation industry put more focus on manufacturers, you can believe that, if as expected the market in transition this year, these enterprises will be listed below the first batch of beneficiaries.








Original title: who will share the warming solar-thermal power generation market in China after the first piece of cake?

PV future issues of four would need to know

Polaris solar PV net news: 1. the revolution on energy production and consumption revolution as well as the role of PV

Humans now experiences twice the energy change is after more efficient energy, replaces the previous energy development. Now basically formed the coexistence of oil and gas, coal development pattern. The golden age of coal is over, but also a certain proportion. Oil has become the world’s main source of energy, the development trend of natural gas continues to grow over the next ten years could become the first big energy.

At present, the energy change we begin at the third stage of development, and the third features two very different energy changes, the energy change is force-driven change, because it is based on ecological and environmental protection, climate change, energy resources and sustainable supply of external constraints or requirements, is a “passive” changes. In such cases, to change is made up of high density energy transfer to the low density of energy, by the use of energy resources to energy transfer of resources is not, therefore, invariably lead to a rise in the cost of the transfer direction and by the resource dependency to technology dependent before. Technology dependent on the characteristics of the new energy industry become new. Economic growth, which is the third energy change is more complex, and some even call it the artificial energy change. Therefore, the future reconstruction of the energy supply system is needed, characterized by the following features.

First, the energy industry structure will change, will merge more consumption of energy supply system, and there will be more investment. Second, it changes the energy and electricity consumption, energy system is to be decided, because the availability of renewable energy is not the same, consumers will respond to the supply side of demands in the future. The future, demand-side response may be more by policy or economic means to boot. Third, it will change the role of consumers. Prior Division of roles is very clear, the consumer is the consumer, producer is a producer. Everyone is a possible production and sales in the future, both consumers and producers. Finally, in this pattern, the next step in the energy industry’s rules of the game will change. It can be said that distributed photovoltaic is most reflected the concept of this form of energy, is the ordinary “energy dream” forms of energy. Which is why the current distributed PV has received attention and focus one of the reasons.

2. must attach importance to adapt and implement electric power system and docking

The third power-oriented energy change highlighting feature. Because, in the supply source will escape from fossil fuel dependence, 90% per cent of non-fossil fuels into electricity; on the consumption side, new power technologies and facilities, such as the large-scale use of electric vehicles.

Therefore, new energy developments and adaptation of power system and docking is especially important. We see that energy Green, greatly increase the proportion of renewable energy such as solar, is the common choice of strategic adjustment of energy all over the world. Accepted in large proportion of renewable energy power generation at the same time ensuring power system security and stability operation and control costs, is the world’s common problems of power development. On grid-connected renewable energy generation and elimination, at home and abroad have reached the basic consensus is that a given power system (grid) accepted the variability of renewable capacity, depending on the power supplies of the system can be adjusted. Scale of development of renewable energy resources in a particular area, depending on his network’s coverage.

Renewable energy development brings to the balance of power system one of the challenges is the focus of both at home and abroad. Such as wind power, solar energy does not have scheduled extensive access and change a great deal of power, allows instantaneous balance of power system in ensuring that the minute the system balanced and reliable operation faces great challenges. Meeting such challenges requires comprehensive coordination of the entire power system and optimizing the allocation of resources. In the power structure, optimize the structure of power, improve the operational flexibility of the generating equipment, in particular the need to consider building a certain amount of peak-load regulation power source. In terms of grid based, accelerate upgrading grid infrastructure, strengthen the power grid structure, accelerate the construction of trans-regional power grid, improve regional interconnectivity, meet the need of new energy a large network and sends out. In terms of operation, raise the level of intelligent dispatching, optimizing dispatching scheduling, intraday and real-time scheduling, improve ability to accept massive new energy grid. In terms of demand-side response, requires power system to change the traditional operating model, through policies and measures to improve demand-side response capacity, improved load characteristics, and fully mobilize the participation of all types of demand-side resources system.

In addition, you also need to adapt to new energy sources such as photovoltaic grid-connected power systems operation and management system. In terms of grid connection standards, introduction of compulsory incorporation of binding national level technical specifications. In the management of power prediction, new power is the new energy sources into the power generation planning, real-time basis. Requires new energy power generation, dispatching agencies should establish power prediction system. Operation monitoring and management, should be in line with local conditions to choose new construction model of real-time monitoring system for energy. New energy monitor and control system of the basic functions, improve information access of new energy. In terms of schedule management, with the requirement that energy-efficient scheduling means dispatching new energy, developing scientific dispatching rules, and will be included in the annual means such as wind power, solar energy and Manpower, into monthly and balance a few days ago.

Current and future period, substantial growth in electricity demand is at a stage in our country, so for my country, especially attach great importance to and strengthening the planning and co-ordination of development. One is to attach great importance to the coordination of the planning and construction, including power projects development and coordination between power grid planning and construction, as well as changes in power (such as wind, solar, etc) and general power supply (especially with adjustable power capacity) coordination between. Second, we must attach great importance to construction of power grids. Accepted the change of power system power supply capacity is dependent on the system’s power structure, load characteristic and power grid coverage. Increase the proportion of wind power and other changes to accept the four ways are: improving the ability of traditional power, increased peak power, electricity grid interconnection, improve the demand side response capacity. Power grid is to decide whether four kinds of flexible resources key factors involved in the system. Blocking important transmission lines are important factors contributing to system resources cannot be shared; wind power and other unstable power supply in areas remote from the load Center power is relatively weak. Large-scale grid-connected wave power grid structure must be strengthened, enhancing power system interconnection. In China, strengthen its network role grid interconnection, is the most realistic and effective measures in the future.

Long term, large-scale renewable energy development and utilization, technically there are no insurmountable obstacles, but for each specific stage of development and system without the necessary technical measures and means, it will bring many practical problems and contradictions. Therefore, the renewable energy development in the future on the idea of promoting the development of PV, you must establish a two-way concept of promotion, to improve operational flexibility and adjustment capacity of the power supply can be adjusted, expanded/trans-regional power grid coverage exchange capacity, changing traditional patterns of power supply and system operating modes, profit model of the different stakeholders.

3. Professional, innovation is the key to promote the sustainable development of photovoltaic

To meet the technical requirements of the electric power system management, which is the photovoltaic power generation to achieve a healthy and orderly development of “compulsory” and also as PV will become “small is beautiful” emerging energy supply, as an important prerequisite for future main power supply. Germany early on small distributed PV power not take any monitoring measures, grid run of technology requirements also relative lower, with PV power mass increased, 50.2Hz problem, and voltage exceeded problem, and line transformer overload problem, one by one exposed, its results is, only grid transformation a items on needed input tens of billions of euro, this also not including will 100kW following distributed PV power into monitoring need owners investment of supporting equipment cost. Meanwhile, it is also necessary to strengthen technological innovation and management innovation. For PV, and especially in the areas of industry and business model innovation demands have become more prominent.

All of this is based on the development of a common energy objectives. Energy is always to meet the needs of economic and social development, which is the basic task of the target. Now in order to meet these objectives, also needs to reach the Green, low-carbon, environment-friendly, and so on. Future energy needs in environmentally friendly, clean and efficient condition to provide economic and social technologies available, the economic sustainability of an adequate energy supply, which is our development goals. Distributed PV to play appropriate roles in sustainable development costs, not just lower our costs, including access systems supporting and we should try to reduce. Germany studies have shown that reach 52 million kW of PV development scale can basically tell when electricity prices were flat, at this time, the policy does not provide subsidies to distributed PV. Size of 52 million kW in 2020 is expected to achieve. These policies are based on acceptable development train of thought for adjustment.

4. new energy has become the new variable definition mechanism in electricity market

China is now in a critical period of electricity market reform, had been talking of reform programmes of the community. Electricity market reform is the right direction. But relative to the environment of electricity market reform several years ago, with the emergence of a new element, is new energy, it will redefine the basis of electricity market. Electricity market reform in the world, there are two concerns. Is the target market and how to consider elements of the renewable energy development. Second, how to build, including the renewable energy market mechanism. In the new renewable energies into the future, the commodity nature of power is not the power and frequency can be defined, and may be reflected in smaller sessions, at the minute, minute level to support the system.

Renewable energy can participate in the market, how to participate in the market, this is both at home and abroad have been discussing the issue. United States, California is moving toward renewable energy into marketing steps. By 2012, in California and other States, are exempt from the steady supply of wind power, solar energy and other renewable energy responsibility. Renewable energies priority clearing mechanism in California have dropped out. After 2012, the new construction of wind power plants with other plant smooth output responsibility, or a steady supply responsibility, which is typical of California. Giving priority to continued to make wind power in New York State. Which system is better, there is no consensus view. Germany, too, the “negative” mechanism has been adjusted in the near future, now put into operation prior to the year 2015 they wind power plant, able to provide system services to 0.48 cents per kWh of additional price incentives. There is no doubt that this is the existing policy subsidies on the basis of the system of values. The future after government subsidies were removed, means the value of such a system service through the market. United Kingdom study also accordingly. United Kingdom ready to begin to build the capacity of the market by the end of this year, auction volume of the system, in this way ensuring the market value of the traditional power.

Original title: China PV on the future development of awareness of the need to strengthen the

Polaris solar network on August 6, 2015 highlights review

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar PV NET summary August 6 news, guide will expire polycrystalline silicon processing trade policy selection dilemma, Dragon photoelectric by thousands of large contracts party insolvency concerns, *ST integration, *ST Phoenix who restored listed beneath the surface in the position, as follows:

Guide will expire polycrystalline silicon processing trade policy selection dilemma

Dragon photoelectric by thousands of large contracts party insolvency concerns

*ST integration, *ST Phoenix who restored listed beneath the surface in positions

Key technologies of energy Internet

Apt power often favored by the financial institution to accelerate PV development

Hubei jingmen PV comprised an additional 0.25 Yuan

Photovoltaic systems there are a few key losses?

2015 Q2 Latin America PV installed capacity of 363MW

Global 40%-added cleaning power in China

How renewable energy subsidies were removed, problems?

Germany proportion of renewable electricity record

Solar agricultural development proposals

India released MNRE 2GW solar plans