Wrestling energy Trump VS Hillary Who Will Win

Polaris solar PV net news: 2016 United States presidential campaign already heating up phase. Republicans candidates, real estate hengtelangpu and democratic campaign, former President Bill Clinton “good wife” Hillary became a favorite. Two men also coincidentally playing the energy card.

Telangpumin adjusting tie Hillary Clinton

Since 2016 United States presidential election unfolds, Republicans candidates, real estate hengtelangpu and democratic campaign, former President Bill Clinton “good wife” Hillary became a favorite.

Elections seem to be fiercer than expected, Reuters/Ipsos survey published on May 11, the latest polls show that Trump, whose approval rating jumped sharply to 40%, almost tied Hillary’s 41%. A week ago, the poll also shows Clinton support is 48%, Trump, 35%.

Fox News May, according to the survey findings, 45% of respondents supported Trump, 42% want Hillary Clinton to win the general election. In the investigation last month, Hillary Clinton received 48% support, Trump, 41%.

This “battle” was filled with drama, because the protagonists are two “crazy”, a real estate Tycoon with no political experience, is an iron lady who worked as a hostess at the White House, the two men have in common is that negative effects outweigh the positive.

The Wall Street Journal commented, Trang universal suffrage is not public policy, but the; Hillary Clinton selected seems to be public policy, in fact, is her own.

Trump: don’t see clean fossil fuel energy is King

Trump has never looked up with renewable energy, May 13 selected North Dakota Congressman Cramer, climate change skeptics as an energy policy advisor to corroborate this. Kramer not only strongly supported the exploitation of oil and natural gas, also strongly deny climate change, North Dakota where he is actively promoting the shale oil and gas exploration.

Kramer said the Trump team wants Kramer to prepare a “white paper” on the energy policy. Kramer in the “white paper” described in foreign-owned United States energy assets against and criticized the harsh heavy taxation and regulation in the energy field.

In response, Clinton campaign spokesman Jess ˙ Ferguson, Trump selected Cramer’s energy Adviser, proving once again that if he entered the White House, will be a threat to public health.

“Now too far behind green energy, wind farms everywhere around the world, they destroyed coastline. From an economic point of view, this approach is not reasonable, this energy is simply useless. “Trump spoke out against the development of wind power, had also appealed against their Scotland golf courses near the construction of offshore wind power.

He worked in social satire on Obama: “the President using our money to support PV, you see a photovoltaic company went bankrupt. “Implying that solar panel manufacturer Solyndra received $ 535 million in Government loan guarantees and still went bankrupt.

Trump seems to be kind of enthusiasm for coal: “Obama declares war on coal made a lot of Americans lost their jobs, let our enemies rely more and more on energy, business is getting harder. Obama destroyed the coal industry, we have to save it. ”

Trump is the absolute champion of hydraulic fracturing, that fracturing technology will lead the United States energy independent, and deny that climate change is caused by man-made, vowed to overthrow existing decarbonisation of the energy plan.

In addition, Trump made it clear that, if elected to dismiss United States Environmental Protection Agency. “The environmental protection agency this agency is a joke. It is our stumbling blocks to create jobs and achieve economic growth. ”

Hillary Clinton: actively respond to climate change speaks for shale oil and gas

Compared to Donald Trump’s radical, Hillary Clinton made it clear that continuing the Obama administration’s environmental policies. “I will be on the basis of the plan of clean electricity, States, cities and towns as well as non-residents of the city to accelerate clean energy use, energy efficiency, green transportation. ”

In her view, the next 10 years, action against Paris climate agreement is very important, because if not vigorously promoting the development of clean energy and reduce carbon pollution in the process of economic growth, will not be able to avoid catastrophic consequences.

Clinton also put forward their own environmental programmes, such as the oil giant (especially Exxon) investigations, and in-depth studies of climate change, promised a substantial increase in solar energy in the United States than in the energy structure.

However, Clinton’s attitude towards hydraulic fracturing technology coincides with Trump, this is also the most controversial places also add pipeline KeystoneXL ambiguous attitude to the United States. It is reported that the Clinton team received funding support from the energy giant, support the use of hydraulic fracturing method of oil and gas, to market the technology to the world.

Hillary Clinton believes that shale gas could reshape the global energy landscape, in the transition to a cleaner greener economic model of transition, natural gas will play a huge role.

United States energy limited, oil price impact

Johnson, President of the Eurasia Group said the United States presidential election is a major event affecting the energy industry. Republican and democratic candidates have strong differences on climate and energy policy, which will affect the United States various areas of energy.

He believes that if the Democrats in the White House, will likely see Obama’s climate policies, which will have positive effects on renewable energy, natural gas is also to some extent, the coal industry will be dealt a further blow, also bear certain risks of the oil transport industry. But if Trump as President, Republicans may try to undo some of the decisions Obama, seeking to expand the impact of fossil fuels on the economy.

In the United States think tank strategic and International Research Centre organized a seminar on April 26, some experts pointed out that, although the election will give United States some impact on future renewable energy policy, but the impact will not be too great.

United States Environmental Protection Association to the climate and energy project leader Marty brounstein said, current United States is one of the more controversial energy policy clean electricity plan the final programme published in August 2015. Supreme Court reversed in part or in full of the clean electricity plan is possible, but very unlikely. Next President wanted to abolish the plan will not be easy, and will encounter many restrictions.

Center for strategic and international studies, said Ladislao, head energy and national security program, United States also signed the Paris agreements for the next Government to change the current renewable energy policy more difficult.

Platts senior oil energy information edit BrianScheid predicted that if Republicans won the election, United States oil production could increase by as much as 500,000 barrels if Democrats win, or will fall by 500,000 barrels a day. United States oil production, the election results seemed to inevitably affect the oil market.

Clinton has vowed to United States oil consumption reduction 1/3, Trump is considering banning the import of oil from Saudi Arabia and other Arab allies. Widely believed, the continuation of democratic policies more conducive to low oil prices, if Hillary wins, is also likely to introduce more foreign and domestic policy in favour of low oil prices.

Original title: wrestling energy: Trump VS Hillary Who Will Win?

New solar module production lines out of Taiwan decline in capacity

Polaris solar PV net news: in fact temporarily shut down after the component factory in Chunan, the new Sun also reported components plant in Hsinchu, will close at the end of May, and relocation to Viet Nam. At this point, the Taiwan local capacity even further.

New solar components production line completely out of

New daylight in Taiwan’s Chu Nan and each have a components factory in Hsinchu, and another company Aeon module capacity of 60MW. In January of this year, the new daylight shocked by the news of unexpected closure of the Chunan plant and battery factory in Hsinchu, some employees moved to the production line. New Sun says that’s because battery orders component requirements reduces the manpower deployment.

According to Taiwan media reports, new light on May 23, the outgoing component plant in Hsinchu, will be closed at the end of May, relocation and capacity to Viet Nam, preliminary planning capacity for 500~600MW. Than to the new daylight in original production capacity of 200MW (does not include Aeon 200MW of 60MW of Wujiang city, China), the new sunlight will move Taiwan all capacity, and in Viet Nam for additional expansion 300~400MW, is expected to open at the end of production.

As to the causes of emigration, the Apple daily pointed out, new light is because the Hsinchu plant’s lease expires in May, consideration of Taiwan component cost is too high, no economies of scale and therefore decided to close the factory overseas.

According to EnergyTrend’s research, sunlight in 2016 is expected to be the new global to 1GW capacity expansion, expansion plans will look at South-East Asia, also in line with new daylight operations. Viet Nam factory after the expansion is completed, the new solar module production capacity in the world will come to 700~800MW.

At present, the new solar cell global capacity expansion target for about 2.2GW,2016 years 2.5GW. In addition to the batteries and components, the new sunlight are also actively developing downstream power station and power plants also will be dominated by overseas.

Taiwan module capacity and lower

After the new daylight out of their capacity, Taiwan local capacity to further cut. Taiwan still has a component factory of the company, including: youngking, AUO, the same Yu, Ying Mao da, top grain, An Ji, etc. Taiwan companies for building component production line outside more, including AUO, new Sun, China and Crystal Aleo, taiji, Motech, Qiang Mao; capacity ratio, Taiwan accounts for a declining trend.

Under the influence of trade wars in recent years, and Taiwan set up component plants that have a high cost, Taiwan component plant in China, Southeast Asia and other overseas factories has increased. Although Taiwan’s new Government is committed to promoting new energy industry, and has launched a new solar installation targets, but its requirements are certified by the local component supply, there is no clear conclusion.

Original title: moving out of new solar production line, local capacity decrease

Anhui Province Energy Board issued its first batch of first demonstration test

Polaris solar PV net news: Anhui new energy (2016), 34th

The municipal development and Reform Committee:

April 28, 2016 until May 12 through provincial energy Board website on January 1, 2015, to March 31, 2016, grid-connected PV power plant project information across the province were public announcements, public notice period without objection.

According to I Council on further strengthening PV power station project development management of notification (WAN energy new can (2015) 26th,) and on perfect “first built first have” distributed PV power station management of notification (WAN energy new can (2016) 13th,), file spirit, now will national issued I province 2014 years closing of 300,000-kilowatt and 2015 additional of 300,000-kilowatt PV power station construction scale, according to power station grid has order, Assigned to Hefei Yong ju Wei photovoltaic solar White Lake community in lujiang County victory 29 build-first project and xinyiguang water in mining subsidence area of Huainan photovoltaic pilot demonstration projects.

Without the scale indicator and grid-connected first built and pilot demonstration projects, incorporation 2015 years from June 30, 2016 bid and poverty alleviation project, coordinated by the State in my province in 2016 size arrangements.

Annex: Anhui Province first first first and test PV project list

Original title: issued by the energy Bureau of Anhui Province on the first build-first demonstration test PV scale indicators and alerts

Alleged fraud PV project construction bond model of martial arts

Polaris solar PV net news: spring to spring back again! New energy industry pick up, a large number of projects in full swing across the country.

Alleged fraud: PV project construction bond model of martial arts

Among them, the PV power plant construction has become the team gold by land, had been engaged in infrastructure and real estate construction also joined the fray.

Industry booming, more and more is true. But wherever there are Lakes, photovoltaic industry, can be described as a mixed bag, a little careless, making many of the old Lake may also here “face”.

This time, Yang has long been engaged in photovoltaic power plant construction business (not his real name) to China energy network reporter calling early in the morning today, worried that “we might be deceived.”

What the hell is going on? To begin with a meal begins.

Yang told reporters that earlier this year, at a dinner, a friend introduced him to, a photovoltaic power plant investment in Jiangsu Nanjing is “energy”, has many projects in hand can operate.

Lao Yang “covet”, and soon friends afterwards these investors. A few pleasantries, the other side is the atmosphere that, plenty of projects done in hand, but in order to ensure the project quality, you need to pay an expensive construction bonds.

Subsequently, based on the trust of friends, for some construction projects also earn some money, old Yang before the company agreed to pay a security deposit.

Unexpectedly, this is the beginning of a hard war.

“Real construction sight, even construction needs our advanced”, Yang told China energy network reporter, later found that the investor is not genuine investors, which means bad, everyone will work together to see that such investors “means”:

First of all, the investor talk the owners, says he has the strength, how much capital behind, a not bad money. Investors also touted its operations, how many programs, and owners of associated costs are relatively high and fast deposit to the owner, and the pledge of shares of the project company.

The second step: lock project, with construction similar to the old Yang said, some projects, and construction cost is slightly higher than normal, you can schedule payments.

He also says funds soon, even given the timing. But there was a prerequisites: you must pay a security deposit, tens of millions, millions of. “Of course they took our money doing, we do not know. “Yang said.

The third step: construction started after entering, and went below to have, the other party has been dragging … …

Old Yang of contractor’s surprise, later found that the investor should find backing … …

Risk a little bit prominent, Yang’s team is getting worried. Therefore arranged asked around and found: investment Lao Yang not only involved a construction party, and everyone is worried about paying the deposit not returned. One of the contractors, 200-megawatt project to invest 9 million margin, “estimate may be yellow.”

“The projects we are early human and material inputs, some projects are also good, has some maneuvering room, but they did not find backing, have even found it needs further, we can get the money. ”

Yang said that, whether or not there has been a gradual “empty glove White Wolf” mean? But construction is currently just hanging there, “is a friend, a bad turn, everyone is helpless. ”

Yang currently can only watch helplessly as the pseudo-investors can find backing to pay construction costs, or can return millions of deposit as soon as possible.

“You said I could do? Finally, it is not the only legal recourse. “Old Yang sighed deeply.

Original title: fraud: PV project construction bond model of martial arts

Shandong coal mining subsidence of the Energy Regulatory Office PV project specific

Polaris solar PV net news: the enterprise concerned:

Comprehensive control of coal mining subsidence land, it is a long-term, arduous and complex Wang, photovoltaic projects for promoting the comprehensive control of coal mining subsidence land to help coal companies off the hook; increasing the farmers ‘ income and protect the ecological importance.

I do attention PV projects play an important role in the comprehensive control of coal mining subsidence land, organized a “comprehensive treatment of mining subsidence land in Shandong province PV project” theme Symposium, coal companies out, photovoltaic power generation project construction of coal mining subsidence land governance and other issues are discussed. For further advance mining collapse to PV power project construction work “special delegate Shandong province power Enterprise Association carried out mining collapse to PV power project special research” focus on project construction process in the in land ownership, and tax, and support funds implementation, and supporting power planning construction, aspects encountered of problem for in-depth understand, and proposed has constructive of views and recommends, for national NDRC, and national energy Council and provincial government decision provides reference.

To increase the effectiveness and relevance of the research, all enterprises and combine their actual, complete the table in the annex, and June 17, 2016, by mail, fax or e-mail feedback to the Secretariat of the Association of electric power enterprise in Shandong province (table Shandong Office electronic version available through the National Energy Board website at http://www.CNEA.gov.CN download the notice bar). I will be based on feedback from selected some representative enterprises to carry out field research.

Contact person: Qiu Nana-mail: [email protected]

Tel: 0531-67801061 fax: 0531-67807806

Mailing address: shunhua road, Jinan, Shandong University Science and Technology Park, No. 750, 14th floor, Unit 7

Annexes: 1. coal mining subsidence land PV project questionnaire

2. subsidence photovoltaic projects specific research proposal form

National Energy Board supervision in Shandong

The May 24, 2016

Annex 1: subsidence photovoltaic project questionnaire

Shandong coal mining subsidence of the Energy Regulatory Office PV project specific research

Shandong coal mining subsidence of the Energy Regulatory Office PV project specific research

Shandong coal mining subsidence of the Energy Regulatory Office PV project specific research

Shandong coal mining subsidence of the Energy Regulatory Office PV project specific research

Annex 2: subsidence photovoltaic projects specific research proposal form

Shandong coal mining subsidence of the Energy Regulatory Office PV project specific research

Original title: on subsidence of PV power projects specific research announcements

Gou will devote all resources to enhance sharp solar cell business

Polaris solar PV net news: sharp on May 25, announced the acquisition of Taiwan’s Hon Hai Technology Group CEO Terry Gou Dai Zhengwu and Vice energy solution business statement.

Declaration is entitled “to important customers and partners”, says energy solutions business, “continued to, maintain and strengthen the sharp brand” and “vowed from the heart”: “to provide the most comprehensive after-sales service, a revolutionary solar and energy-related equipment, expand energy solution business”.

Currently, sharp solar panel manufacturing and sales center of the business, are likely to be transferred or downsized were reported one after another. In this case, for this cause, the statement said, “is going all out,” “not only as in the past, continue to provide after-sales service, in the future to provide new and innovative solutions and services.”

Highlights on solar energy accumulated in more than 50 years of sharp management customer relationship, the solar energy sector accumulated skills and knowledge: “after we complete the funding procedures, Hon Hai will pour all have production technology and the resources, to strengthen the competitiveness of sharp’s Solar business.

Original title: Terry GOU, stating: “will devote all resources to strengthen the cause of sharp solar competitiveness”

Clean energy crusade to Anhui or dissolve into bridgehead

Polaris solar PV net news: “billions of wind power base in Gansu province shut down”, “wind power industry started the first collective rights”, national energy administration halted part of the province (area) added new energy project construction … … A topic continuously exposed Western clean energy capacity was growing too fast, “legacy”, and due east of absorptive advantage is obvious, clean energy “eastward” trend is also rising. Anhui, or it will become clean energy “crusade” and “bridgehead.”

Clean energy

In 2015, China’s continued fast growth in new energy, wind power, solar power capacity double high, wind power installed capacity of 4 years in a row the world’s first photovoltaic installed capacity surpassed Germany ranking first in the world, China’s new energy development to a new level. However, with the growth of new energy, in Northwest area of China “abandon wind up light” phenomenon is all the more serious, mean abandon wind rate of 15%, average disposal rate in some areas is as high as 30%. Meanwhile, in Southwest China, particularly in Yunnan in large-scale production of hydroelectric power also caused water to dissolve problems some time in Yunnan province daily abandoned hydroelectric capacity up to 330 million kWh.

“Billions of wind power base in Gansu province shut down”, “wind power industry started the first collective rights”, national energy administration halted part of the province (area) added new energy project construction … … A topic continuously exposed Western clean energy capacity was growing too fast, “legacy”, and clean energy “eastward” trend is also rising.

Statistics released by the National Energy Board, a quarter of Gansu, Inner Mongolia and Qinghai traditional PV 3 Western provinces out of the national top 10, and Eastern Shandong, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and other provinces were the top which is even based on installed capacity of 880,000-kilowatt in Shandong province occupies national 2nd place in one fell swoop. From the earlier released by the national energy administration, the programme for the 2016 national wind power development and construction issued notice to the provinces also could see wind turbine construction index, significantly increased the percentage of projects in Eastern, the policy towards the infinite power trend is quite clear.

Anhui, or it will become clean energy “crusade” and “bridgehead.”

Statistics show that Anhui Province 8.9 billion-kilowatt increase in renewable electricity generation from 2014 to 2015, when the 11.6 billion-kilowatt, an increase of 30%, total electricity consumption increased from 5.5% to 7%, 1.5%. Non-renewable water when generating capacity increase from 4.6 billion-kilowatt to 6.7 billion-kilowatt, an increase of approximately 46%, total electricity consumption increased from 2.9% to 4.1%, 1.2%.

PV “Crusades” Western lessons I can learn

On May 5, Anhui Province Energy Council issued the circular on promoting the sustained and healthy development of photovoltaic power station, pointed out that in the development and construction of photovoltaic power plant in the province, calls for investment in some cities and counties corporate “resources-for-industry”, signed with individual enterprise “exclusivity” agreements, as well as the unreasonable phenomena such as large scale planning projects. Believe that your problem is not only a city, a County problem, but common, can occur in the other provinces.

The so-called “resource-for-industry”, that is: local government regulations, photovoltaic power plant on local developers want to project that requires “piggybacking” doing something else, such as investing in local tourism, agricultural and sideline products processing industry, or corporate social responsibility. This light is very rich in resources, PV power plant developer competition, but a weak economic foundation, low-income population in the Western region and maybe some truth, but many good East, light’s not science, will hinder settled outstanding PV developers. On this issue and manifestly not fair “exclusivity” agreements issued by the Anhui provincial energy Board are clearly “ban” under market rules, to ensure that the photovoltaic industry growth.

Planning project “too large”, reflects some of the enthusiasm at the local horse PV power plant with the blindness, ignoring the absorptive capacity, if we do not advance unchecked, abandon light power words of last May with no repeat. It is understood that the planning in a county of Anhui Province PV million kilowatts, according to the Anhui provincial power company estimates, power grids do not follow it, abandon rate within the county or within a few years will reach 30%~60%, also in the Northwest.

To this end, the Anhui provincial Department of energy requirements, in principle within each County, planning the photovoltaic power station installed capacity shall not exceed the maximum load of local 50%; each city within the administrative area, planning the photovoltaic power station installed capacity shall not exceed the maximum load of local 40%; exceeds the above limits, creation of grid access and eliminate special report. The delimitation of this red line, no doubt was a proactive measure, can effectively avoid the PV “Crusades” into a “great leap forward”.

Wind turbine “East” March in low wind speeds

“In the eastern regions while the wind conditions are not ‘ North ‘ area better, but with the advancement of technology for low wind speed unit, low wind speed wind resources in the area already have a very good value and efficiency are increasing. And these areas are close to centers of economic development in China, wind power can be achieved in place to dissolve, leaving no significant wind power. “Qin Haiyan China renewable energy society wind energy Chairman Secretary-General believes that in low wind areas in the East of the future will be a focus of China’s wind power development. The shift is undoubtedly to the Anhui wind power in the “Thirteen-Five” during the development of new opportunities.

Annual average wind speed is little more than 6 meters per second of Anhui, once the wind power industry as “chicken ribs”. But by virtue of policy East, at present all over the city constantly wind approval, construction news, there have been as many as 20 wind power development enterprises in Anhui “guru”.

Recently, in Anhui Province released of Anhui Province economy and social development 13th a five years planning platform for in the clear pointed out that, in wind resources conditions better of JAC watershed, and along ring Lake and wanbei low mountain regional speed up construction concentrated type wind electric project, advance chuzhou, and Anqing million kW level wind electric base and Suzhou, and Hefei, and Wuhu, and Ma On Shan, and xuancheng, to 300,000-kilowatt above even tablets wind farm construction.

In 2015, all new renewable generation capacity, Anhui Province 1.5 million-kilowatt, wind 53-kilowatt, cumulative installed capacity reached 1.35 million-kilowatt, full of wind power to dissolve. Wind power planning, according to Anhui Province, about 5 million-kilowatt of wind power generation in the province’s economic development, planned by 2020 wind power scale 3 million-kilowatt, 3.76% per cent of the province’s electricity sales by 2030 wind turbine size will be 4 million-kilowatt.

Original title: clean energy “Crusades” Anhui or advantageous to dissolve into a “bridgehead”

Thermophotovoltaic devices or the photoelectric conversion rate limits

Polaris solar PV net news: according to the United States Massachusetts Institute of technology official website news, scientists have demonstrated for the first time at the school, using solar thermal photovoltaic devices (STPVs), the photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar cells is expected to exceed the theoretical limit.

Latest research principle is very simple: do not let solar panels cannot be used within the energy dissipated as heat, first of all energy and heat is an intermediate element absorption components can release heat radiation temperature is reached. By tuning add materials and structures, radiation released in light of the appropriate wavelength, the wavelength of light will be solar cells capture, thus improving the conversion efficiency of the system and reduce solar heat build up.

The key is used when heated to release the exact wavelength optical Nano-Photonic crystals. In the test, Nano-Photonic crystals are incorporated into a set with vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes systems, when the appliance is heated to 1000 degrees Celsius, Photonic Crystal will continue to release the wavelength band an exact match with the neighbor photovoltaic cells to capture light, photovoltaic cells to capture the light and turning it into electricity. Researchers are using a photovoltaic cells with STPVs components were tested, results and theoretical predictions matched.

People known in 1961, Shockley traditional photoelectric conversion efficiency of solar cells ˙ kuiyise efficiency limit. Currently widely used single-layer silicon solar cells for solar panels, conversion limit is 32%. But there are ways to improve the overall efficiency of the solar panels, such as the use of multiple batteries, or use a STPVs device, before you build the power to turn sunlight into heat. Published in the new issue of nature ˙ energy magazine, the latest research on what method should be used.

Study author David ˙ Bilman said theory forecast predicts that the traditional solar cells to work together with other high-tech materials, can make more than twice times the conversion efficiency at its theoretical limit. Compared with conventional photovoltaic devices, this new system has obvious advantages. First of all, Photonic devices based on the heat rather than light radiation, which means that it will not be affected by subtle changes in the environment affect and, secondly, it coupled a thermal storage system, ongoing use of solar energy. “Studies have shown that we can actually break Shockley ˙ kuiyise efficiency limit”. Next, they plan to manufacture larger versions of the solar cell, and find ways to reduce manufacturing costs.

In General, see in the solar thermal energy is not a happy thing–this is the energy that is wasted, and may interfere with normal operation of the battery. But in this latest material structure, the heat cannot escape, carbon nanotube thermal energy conversion back to the light. This increased to the side panel capacity in specific areas, reduce the effects of heat. This technology is still in the laboratory stage, batch production of complex carbon nanotubes will be difficult, so much for promising technologies, path is just a matter of practical application.

Original title: thermal solar devices or the photoelectric conversion rate limits

Solar electricity cost within 5 years is expected to be less than 5 cents

Polaris solar PV net news: a number of experts, business people on the 26th at Asia’s largest exhibition SNEC PV show told reporters that conservative estimates that by 2020, solar electricity cost dropped to 5 cents or less.

Photovoltaic electricity costs levelized power cost is PV power generation projects in the construction of operating cycles of each unit of electricity generation cost, divided by the total value of total investment. Reduce the cost of PV electricity, the most direct and effective way is to reduce costs and improve system capacity.

Senior Analyst at IHS Chudan on electricity cost analysis, solar electricity cost reduction needs to improve system efficiency and reliability, while reducing system costs, maintenance costs and aging system. Component production costs are lower, to a quarter of 2015, most manufacturers of polycrystalline silicon module production cost has been reduced to $ 0.1/w. Photovoltaic system costs increase competitiveness for its widespread use.

Shanghai electric power Design Institute, Deputy Chief Engineer Guo Jiabao believes that promotion of photovoltaic power plant economic benefits, mainly by lower costs, improve quality, increase generating capacity to achieve. Since last year, 1500V system using on of the industry. Application of 1500V, number from the cable, the power density transformer cost, manual operation and maintenance costs, will bring lower costs, while ensuring total system generating capacity increase.

Trina Vice President Dong Shuguang said photovoltaic electricity cost and declining space through technological innovation and management innovation of the whole industry chain, conservatively estimates that by 2020, solar electricity cost dropped to 5 cents or less. Component is a photovoltaic power station one of the most important investment, initial investment more than 50%. From the component in terms of technology and manufacturing, many channels can help reduce the cost of electricity.

Original title: solar electricity cost within 5 years is expected to be less than 5 cents

Germany issued 500 million euro credit Bank green bonds support for solar

Polaris solar Reuters: Germany credit Bank (DKB), will launch a medium-green bonds worth 500 million euros, specifically for the Germany finance solar and wind power projects.

DKB CEO Stefan Unterlandst?ttner said: “green bond pool for Germany land of solar and wind power projects to provide special financing, it will be from Germany first green bonds issued by commercial banks. ”

This claim is the next step in our business plan. Our portfolio includes the financing of renewable energy projects can be up to 9 billion euros. DKB loan portfolio also includes 30 billion euros of financing sustainability.

DKB plans to use the offering to broaden the diversification of our capital markets and lay the Foundation for other major cash flow. (/Tina translation)

Original title: Germany issued 500 million euro credit Bank green bonds support for solar projects

Polaris solar PV NET week news highlights 5 23 to 5 27

Polaris solar PV net news: policy review

1, 2016 PV power plant in Guangxi reserve projects complete list

Energy Board issued the energy Bureau of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi on photovoltaic plant reserve items list notice released list of 4 photovoltaic projects, 146 MW of new capacity. According to GUI new (2016), 12th, combined with this notification, 2016 total reserve capacity of 1059 MW of PV projects in Guangxi.

For more details

2, Guangzhou distributed photovoltaic power generation project management approach (draft for soliciting opinions)

2014-2020, Guangzhou City subsidies at the municipal level in financial arrangements supporting the city’s solar photovoltaic power generation application. Project grid or run for less than a year later, requests for funds or individuals can apply for subsidies to the municipal development and Reform Commission, the municipal development and Reform Commission in conjunction with the Municipal Finance Bureau jointly issued a plan for managing the funds.

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3, Yunnan Provincial Forestry Department notification regarding specification of PV power station construction of forest land-use

Recently, the State Forestry Administration and the provincial energy Board has issued a notice, further support the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry-related requirements and guidance. Yunnan province, in order to ensure that PV scientific location, reasonable layout, law and regulations use woodlands, regulate the use of PV power station construction issued a notice in forest-related matters.

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4, Heilongjiang four departments: take the PV poverty alleviation notice

According to the national development and Reform Commission and the State Council poverty alleviation Office, National Energy Board, the National Development Bank, agricultural development Bank of China of the views on the implementation of photovoltaic power generation poverty reduction (the change in energy (2016), No. 621) spirit of yanshou County of Heilongjiang province, more than 20 poor counties (cities) into photovoltaic projects for poverty alleviation focus scope. Photovoltaic power generation in Heilongjiang province for the further poverty reduction, provincial development and Reform Commission and other four departments put forward three demands.

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5, Hangzhou, Zhejiang accelerate solar PV application implementation

Hangzhou people’s Government issued on May 20 on the innovation and development solar PV application to promote PV industry further suggestions. According to the opinion, built during the 2016-2018 grid-connected distributed photovoltaic projects, on the basis of subsidies at the national, provincial, and 0.1 Yuan/kWh subsidy, subsidy of 5 consecutive years (60 months).

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Market review

1, Hebei fengning PV project tenders puzzle: only one enterprise application success

On May 10, fengning PV enterprises was launched for the first time registration, which turn sunlight into poverty alleviation projects officially opened. The application attracted a number of new energy companies responded enthusiastically. However, a win was supposed to be the Government, enterprises and the poor pilot, but inexplicably from public bidding registration closed bidding application. Under the near-tailored application, eventually only completed the registration of an enterprise.

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2, the “concept”-PV plants will meet the best exit?

Existing stock of PV power plant, or will experience a “concept” opportunities. Support is behind it, by 2020, coal-fired power generation non-water proportion of renewable electricity and thermal power generating capacity, to reach more than 15% this mandatory requirement. Demand for photovoltaic power generation thermal power enterprises, the possibility of whether the project will increase the existing stock was acquired and its value?

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3, “Thirteen-Five” PV power could break the Council see this six-point

The “Thirteen-Five” period, the photovoltaic market will enter a new stage of development. To solve problems in the photovoltaic industry, you need to have a breakthrough in the existing policy, policies and mechanisms to safeguard national goals and meet the needs of photovoltaic power generation, and promote power marketization.

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4, the “trend” spread of photovoltaic supply chain market pessimism to a decline in the third quarter

As China’s largest photovoltaic exhibition SNEC has a close, following industry trends has become clear. Pull strength strong domestic demand in China in the first half, creating capacity fully loaded all the way so far this year, but accumulated too quickly in the first half of the grid will also allow domestic demand in China in 630 line after cooling. But India needs continued outside hot, remaining weak market demand, industry will be quite deserted.

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5, PV East especially should pay attention to the development of quality

Photovoltaic signs to the East in two or three years ago, is especially evident this year. There are big differences in the Northwest and East, economic, social, environmental, and policy are quite different. PV power station came from the West, East opened in “take it”, but also to change ideas, to some of the area’s troubles as a mirror, to the development of its high quality.

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6, efficiency who is going to lead? PERC, black silicone

PERC has become synonymous with the p-type solar cell efficient techniques when the once popular black silicon technology is making a comeback, polycrystalline solar cell efficiency further improved. Polycrystalline, fighting from conventional single crystal products spread to areas of high efficiency, PERC and two black silicon technology products price, maturity, such as production, capacity, again hot debate.

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Enterprise version

1, the second default Yingli debt restructuring would strip side

Accompanied by a second debt default, Yingli PV giant capital chain tensions have again been exposed in front of the world. But Britain is still the star of the local enterprise, related government departments of Baoding Yingli has been speeding up restructuring work. People close to the National Energy Board said debt restructuring programme would soon be issued, service and other non-business sector will be stripped.

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2, Hon Hai, reforming operational Sharpie or maintain solar panels

According to Japan’s Kyodo News reported on May 24, was in a period of sharp basic decisions in the future will continue to operate the solar panel business. Sharp downturn in business performance of solar panels, had discussed the sale of the business or scale back. Ready business is due to Taiwan’s Hon Hai precision industry has on the company’s business prospect.

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3, the erstwhile founder coming back? Peng Xiaofeng, SPI has bid to acquire LDK LDK

Walking all the way in the bankruptcy reorganization overlord of old solar LDK LDK (LDK.NYSE), the introduction of work or will have made substantial progress into the fight. On May 20, China PV News said sinovideo sinovideo Peng Xiaofeng, former Chairman and executives such as Chairman Liu Zhibin mihui several times lately, hope Peng Xiaofeng save LDK.

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4, zhongmin throwing billions of overweight PV: “Thirteen-Five” new machine aimed at 12GW

Opened less than two years time, as the “latecomers” China Minsheng Investment Corporation has become a horse in the field of PV power station “Super horse”. According to Han Qinghao said, people new to investment of about 100 billion yuan in five years, “Thirteen-Five” during the new 12GW installed, installed about 2GW a year on average.

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Comment article

Hong Wei: PV financing with financial institutions “lazy” out!

The saying goes “it takes two to tango” PV plants financing will not be just the unilateral responsibility, money supply – the finance companies should have an unshirkable responsibility. Responsibility, one of the financial companies lazy.

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Constant strategy and great why give up solar PV plants financing proposals

Polaris solar PV net news: President Hu Jintao issued an article, do PV investment turmoil again, with readers about the “PV is a worthwhile investment” issue, this column intends to explore a similar problem: “solar PV is worth funding? ”

These two questions are similar, since, in General, is worth investment and financing, not worthy of investment is not worth funding, but it’s really so simple?

A case study of distributed PV, we can cite a host of 2016 is reason to PV investment opportunity:

1, policy has gradually improved.

Countries was launched three years ago to distributed PV subsidy policy, after three years of exploration and practice, standard product specifications, installation, incorporation process, payment of subsidies and a series of systems, processes, and have thus far has been straightened out, found the problem has been corrected in the policy.

2, absorptive capacity is expected to increase.

On February 3, 2016, the State Council decided to spend 700 billion agricultural network, speed up the upgrading of rural power network in the poor areas and the Western, improve the acceptance of distributed renewable energy power generation capacity on February 16, 2016, released the National Energy Board the National Energy Board on the “three North” area renewable energy to dissolve notice, focus on solutions to the problems besetting eliminate problems in the photovoltaic industry.

3, subsidies in arrears is expected to solve.

On February 29, 2016, the national development and Reform Commission issued the Declaration on promoting “Internet +” smart energy development guidelines, proposes the construction of renewable energy subsidy mechanism in real time, realize the subsidy of measurement, certification and settlement linked to renewable sources to generate transactions in real time, solutions for subsidy arrears. In addition to long-term national subsidies, some local governments may also provide short-term local subsidies. Last year also introduced PV subsidy policy on poverty reduction, by the local government and agricultural facilities for photovoltaic projects for poverty alleviation 35% initial investment subsidies, 20% initial investment subsidies given to large ground power station, State subsidies according to the proportion of the initial investment configuration.

4, narrowing the cost gap between thermal power.

Rapid expansion of PV scale at the same time, photovoltaic industry technical progress accelerated, resulting in costs of PV power has fallen sharply compared with five years ago, and the downward trend is continuing. Will not become as cheap as power, or less? This for sure, but not impossible.

Policy determines the number of hours to implement grid and power generation case, PV can be long-term, stable income generating assets. In many financial products and solid industrial yields are falling today, photovoltaic power plant has great financial significance of asset allocation.

But in the eyes of most financial institutions, photovoltaic power plant finance project has little appeal, what where?

PV earnings certainty, is based on fundraising ability, fundraising costs can be controlled as a prerequisite. The hengda group, for example, announced September 2014 in 90 billion into the photovoltaic industry by March 2015 formally renounced the solar strategy, only just about half a year’s time. Evergrande’s abandoned, primarily for two reasons, one is not to form a familiar photovoltaic technologies, markets, policy and professional team (cross-border investment, taboo), second, compared to total liabilities and net profits are too high, can’t raise enough money. From the perspective of evergrande, which can accept the cost of financing is limited, otherwise it is not making any money from the perspective of financial institutions, big long-term demand for low-cost funds, only when sufficient solvency of owner investment is very low risk project, can be met. Evergrande’s balance sheet to determine its solvency in the very worst case worst constant cross-border investment, and there is no formation of professional teams, project risks are not low; and, finally, asymmetric information increase the difficulty of the degree of risk and financing of the project. Therefore, the constant 90 billion into the PV industry’s horn just blew to an abrupt end, is something reasonable.

How to break this problem? PV industry Fund can be alleviated to a certain extent similar to evergrande has faced financing difficulties. Industry Fund of assets, and management people of other assets is isolation of, management people of assets liabilities situation not effect its financing and claims debt, on industry Fund by investment of PV power station for monitoring and big data analysis of resistance also will reduced; financial institutions as industry Fund of investors and non-creditors, compared easy on industry Fund by investment of PV power station gets more full of information, even can teamed up Ali such of Internet giant help push legend in the “Ali energy cloud plans”, at any time understand, and Control the risk of investment projects. Preceding the Declaration on promoting “Internet +” smart energy development guidelines, all in the energy industry, significance to the PV industry is one of the largest, this is a breakthrough. It is reported that Ali has reached an agreement with some of the leading PV enterprises wisdom of PV power station, energy, Internet, Internet financial services, cloud computing, big data, information security, and other areas of cooperation. If one day, queries like PV information as easy as querying enterprise registration information, to financial institutions, PV power plant project financing risk is much more controllable, its willingness to provide financing will be stronger.

However, only mastered the PV of all kinds of information and data on financial institutions, does not necessarily mean that all of them. Hung Wei-Director of the Institute of energy economics said: “capital supply and construction of qualification of PV, qualification, qualification, operational qualification judgement of grid-connected capacity asymmetric. Because of this asymmetry, finally met with both supply and demand and supply side does not know how to do problems often occur. PV Conference, the audience surrounded by most of the speakers must be representatives of financial institutions, when the delegates when faced with a large number of power plant projects will inevitably discourage because they have no way to judge so many professional issues above. In the current reality, the PV many of funding judged also on ‘ empiricism ‘. “Solar PV professional problems of fund managers to really understand, but the role conflicts of both supply and demand of funds, managers of financial institutions cannot rely exclusively on professional competence. Therefore, the PV industry after poor fund management provides level funding, financial institutions priority funding, it is best to have a relatively neutral semi-official association level jam leading into funds, or hire a financial institution specified by the professional body, as investment adviser to the Fund.

About the author:

President Hu Jintao, a national high-tech zone Committee member, for more than 20 years experience in financial institutions and top law, dedicated to exploring the road of integration between financial services and legal services.

Original title: the PV finance

Feixian Shandong province Fei County people s Government issued the photovoltaic

Polaris solar PV net news: the Township people’s Government, Philadelphia neighborhood offices, relevant departments of the County Government:

Photovoltaic projects for poverty alleviation measures for the supervision and management of income distribution, Fei has County Government agree that it is issued to you, please follow carefully.

Fei County people’s Government Office

The May 6, 2016

Fei PV project supervision and management of income distribution measures

Chapter I General provisions

First to implement poverty alleviation crucial job requirements and specific income distribution of PV power generation projects on poverty reduction, in accordance with the views on the implementation of photovoltaic power generation poverty reduction (the change of energy [2016]621) these measures are formulated.

Article the township (the street) to poverty alleviation precise object recognition based on dynamic management objects on poverty should, in principle, safeguard poor households get more than 3000 a year.

Chapter II income and distribution

Article on the poor roofs and courtyard property of residential photovoltaic system installed to all poor earnings in addition to repaying all the poor.

Article at all levels of Government funds to support the construction of village PV power plant assets are owned village collectives, determined by the village collective benefit distribution, most of the earnings should be allocated directly to eligible poor and few can be use as a village collective welfare funds.

Article fifth village PV power plant for poverty alleviation, by Government-owned company, kulak, Fei photovoltaic power generation limited liability company to PV right to income and other assets as collateral, for a superior policy banks and commercial banks to support unified credit. Establishment of income distribution mechanism for poverty alleviation, net of Bank loan repayments, costs of operation and maintenance costs, land-use and the corresponding taxes, after considering the amount of PV damping, all as poor earnings, by clearing the power company, Fei, Fei kulak photovoltaic power generation limited liability company in accordance with the “one family, one card” legitimate and allocated to each poor household’s average “huinong card”.

Sixth concentrating photovoltaic power plant for poverty alleviation, adopt “PV +” mode of operation, funded jointly by the Fei and the Shandong commercial group in the East building, funded ratio of 3:7. Administered by the East business group is responsible for building and operating since 20 years in 2016, to poor to pay 3000 RMB/per household per year. Fei County power supply company on a monthly basis directly from the Internet all the charges deducted tariffs available to datianzhuangxiang Government, datianzhuangxiang Government paid monthly to the poor.

Chapter III supervision and management

Seventh County power supply company in accordance with the billing cycle to poor villages, poor households paid Internet access tariffs.

Eighth village committees responsible for each quarter of the village PV generation and income distribution and publicity, the Township people’s Government (Street) in charge of the town (Street) all PV plants and posted annual output and income, access to public and social supervision.

The Nineth Township people’s Government (Street) to strictly implement pro-poor policies, not fraud, County departments of development, finance, poverty alleviation should step up joint supervision, to intercept or appropriate or divert or not complying with the provisions on the use of photovoltaic funds to rectification, rectification is not in place, or constitute a violation, timely transfer of relevant departments to seriously deal with and investigate the relevant personnel.

The fourth chapter by-laws

Tenth article this way since May 10, 2016, valid until May 9, 2021.

Original title: Fei Fei County people’s Government Office on the issuance of PV project supervision and management of income allocation notice

Energy Internet building new forms of new energy consumption

Polaris solar PV net news: encouraged by subsidies in the past few years China’s wind power, photovoltaic achieved rapid growth. The strategic action plan for energy development (2014-2020) points out that, by 2020, wind power installed capacity reached 200 million-kilowatt, PV installed capacity up to 100 million-kilowatt per cent. “Thirteen-Five” new energy will steadily increase during the period.

New energy capacity growth too fast, all digestion and supporting a number of local power grid is not yet complete and other reasons, the new energy industry currently faces two major dilemma: abandon wind, abandoned is serious, especially in the Midwest; lack of renewable energy fund, subsidies are not in place.

In February 2016, China issued on advance Internet “+” smart energy development guidelines, establish new energy consumption patterns of an Internet and use Internet to improve energy efficiency.

New energy capacity growth

Record high wind power capacity in 2015. Influence of wind power price adjustment is expected in early 2016, new wind power installed capacity 2015 infrastructure hit a record high. Domestic capacity 2015 32.97 million-kilowatt, an increase of 66. 43% total on-grid capacity was 1. 2.9 billion-kilowatt, an increase of 33. 86%. By the end of 2015, wind power installed capacity total power capacity of 8. 6%, wind power electricity generation accounted for 3 of electricity. 3%.

In 2015, continuing high growth of the photovoltaic industry. Domestic capacity 2015 15.13 million-kilowatt, an increase of 42. 74%, cumulative installed capacity reached 43.18 million-kilowatt, an increase of 53. 94%. Among them, the PV power station 37.12 million-kilowatt, distributed by 6.06 million-kilowatt. By the end of 2015, PV installed capacity total power generation capacity of 1. 0%, PV power generation total generation 0. 70%.

New energy development still faces many problems

1. Abandon wind, abandoned optical phenomena are still serious

Since the main concern in the process of construction of new energy resources and neglect the market creates a scale of excess, causing power to send out, appeared to abandon the wind, abandon light problem.

2015 wind up wind power situation intensifies, abandoned when the wind power 33.9 billion-kilowatt for the year, up 21.3 billion-kilowatt when mean abandon wind 15%, 7% over in 2014. 2015 national annual utilization hours average for photovoltaic power generation 1133 hours, national “abandoned” phenomenon is not too serious, but more serious in some areas in the Northwest to abandon optical phenomena, such as Gansu abandon rate 31%, Xinjiang autonomous regions abandoned rate was 26%.

2. Subsidies in arrears, subsidy policy faces great challenges

State subsidies are levied in the country of origin for renewable electricity surcharge subsidy is the amount of renewable electricity prices with local coal benchmark price difference.

Policy since the implementation of additional charge after 5 adjustments, currently 1. 9 cents per kWh. According to the Institute of national development and Reform Commission statistics, by the end of 2014, renewable energy fund subsidies corporate default reached 17 billion yuan in 2015, renewable energy development fund subsidies of almost 50 billion yuan, but the cumulative gap of about 40 billion yuan. According to the “Thirteen-Five” program, when 2020 wind power generation reached 460 billion-kilowatt, while PV power generation reached 160 billion-kilowatt, such as all forms of demand subsidies to renewable additional settlement, subsidy gap will further widen.

Solution: energy Internet

1. Countries pushing the energy Internet

Building energy Internet can solve China’s energy consumption and production of geographical mismatch, and improve resource utilization. On February 29, 2016, the national development and Reform Commission, the energy Bureau, jointly issued by the Ministry on promoting “Internet +” smart energy development guidance (hereinafter referred to as the opinion), promote energy infrastructure, reasonable and open, promote the integration of energy production and consumption, increase public participation and speed up the formation of an open, shared energy industry as the main features of the development of new forms. Views, 2016-2018, advancing energy Internet pilot work; 2019-2025, with the focus on energy diversification, the development of the Internet.

2. Energy Internet to radically improve the efficiency of new energy power generation

Distributed energy resources when running alone, and its output random, intermittent and fluctuating, distributed energy access the traditional grid system, security and reliability of power system will be threatened. Power grid to ensure the security of transmission lines, only reduce the wind power, photovoltaic electricity, resulting in abandoned, abandoning the wind phenomenon. In energy under the condition of Internet, distributed and micro-grid technology, new energy generation can be achieved near elimination, power, significantly improve energy efficiency.

3. Setting up electricity sales company, through value-added services to achieve comprehensive cost reduction

On December 24, 2014, Premier Li presided over a State Council Executive meeting, “new reform” programme adopted by the principle on March 15, 2015, and some opinions on further deepening the reform of electric power (“2015”, 9th) promulgation of 2015 years, modified 10 documents have been issued.

Under the “modified” files, new placing power markets will be open, there are five types of enterprises to enter incremental placement business, including power plants, high-tech economic development zone, industrial park, or, user or distributed energy micro-grid system, public services such as water supply, gas supply, heat supply and energy service companies, such as social capital.

At present, the average price of China’s wind power more expensive than thermal power 0. About 2 Yuan/kWh, average electricity price of photovoltaic power generation thermal power costs 0. About 6 Yuan/kWh. New energy needs on the one hand the Government continues to support and encourage the development of the other hand, will go to market in the long term, participate in the bidding. In addition to equipment costs fell outside, the formation of electricity sales enterprises, the provision of value-added services are also integrated new energy enterprises to reduce costs, an important means of participating in market competition. Our Germany Entega company as an example.

Germany Entega company has 1 million customers, 400,000 of which uses 100% renewable power, became Germany’s second-biggest electricity sales of clean energy companies. Entega company providing services there are two: one is the purchase of clean energy generation equipment, production of electricity and another provides services such as electricity, gas, water and heating. Around the company selling electricity and other energy services, the company developed a panorama APP platform, helping customers understand energy usage, to achieve the goal of energy saving.

Case study

1. Germany Internet E-Energy energy demonstration project

E-Energy is the 2008 Germany Federal Ministry of Economics and technology and the Ministry of the environment launched in the smart grid on the basis of a 4-year program of technical innovation to promote. Germany has six big energy Internet demonstration areas, each area has a different energy to the Internet test topic. Three elements almost throughout Germany six energy demonstration projects on the Internet, it’s distributed renewable energy, electric vehicles, electricity trade and services based on the Internet platform.

Information and communication technologies and energy of these two fields together is the focus of E-Energy projects, pilot projects using the most advanced techniques to cope with the growing number of distributed energy generation and a variety of complex contradictions between the Terminal requirements of users.

2. Cuxhaven eTelligence project

ETelligence project by the wind (600-kilowatt) and solar (80-kilowatt) electricity, cold storage warehouses (250-kilowatt and 260-kilowatt), combined heat and power systems (460-kilowatt and 5. 5-kilowatt), the core of this project is to create a regional energy market based on the Internet.

This project is the biggest feature is that by transferring the heat demand for refrigerated warehouse to offset changes in wind power. In a strong wind and electricity market prices lower, refrigerated warehouse opened, increasing consumption, while in weak wind and electricity market prices higher, closed refrigerated warehouses, reducing power consumption. After several years of running eTelligence project to reduce the cost of 8%~10%.

3. Harz region RegMod project

RegMod Internet project is a comprehensive energy project, the basic physical structure is 2 photovoltaic power stations, 2 wind farms and one biomass power, 86MW power-generation capacity. RegMod project goal is to disperse wind, solar, biomass and other renewable energy equipment coordinate with pumped-storage hydropower station, renewable combined cycle using optimized.

Can renewable energy power has surplus of when, pumping storage power station and electric can store extra of power, intelligent household appliances, like intelligent washing machine, and intelligent wash Bowl machine, and intelligent water heater,, also will timely opened consumption extra power, in power needs climbed of when, these storage can facilities can and intelligent with electrical with constitute virtual power station, through release by storage of power and reduced intelligent electrical of electricity volume to meet tension of power consumption needs.

Original title: energy Internet: building new forms of new energy consumption

Pilot plan to introduce PV helped impoverished disabled in Quzhou Zhejiang

Polaris solar PV net news: Quzhou city, introduced the 2016 PV helped impoverished disabled pilot implementation programme, poverty alleviation through industrial to household PV power generation projects to help some poor families of persons with disabilities to establish long-term income poverty alleviation project.

Quzhou disabled a total of 156,000 people, of which 73,000 people hold a disability card, as a special group of persons with disabilities, fewer revenue channels, the overall low level of income. In recent years, the city renovate, an improvement in the housing conditions of persons with disabilities, PV helped pilot uses existing housing conditions of persons with disabilities, to create more income.

Programme pointed out that, distributed PV power has investment small, and construction fast, and accounted for to area small, and stability high, and installation maintenance simple, advantages, is grid PV power of mainstream; face rural sunshine resources good, and no labour, and no stable income source of poverty disabled households, implementation PV poverty, can effective guarantees its basic life needs, and can makes its in 20 or 30 years get more stable of income, achieved continued increase out poverty. Meanwhile, photovoltaic power generation is also conducive to improving the ecological environment, with significant economic, social and ecological benefits.

Object for the implementation of the programme of Quzhou city and area household and hold a second generation card poor persons with disabilities, selected basic conditions for 2015 documentation State St households, and towns along the road within Visual range. In 2016, the implementation in pilot regions selected 30 families in filing state card disabled poor families build 3KW (12 PV panels) a distributed solar power projects, within 6 months of completion of the project, achieving average annual income of about 1500-2500 goals.

Original title: pilot programme for the introduction of PV in our city helped impoverished disabled

Study on PV scale management and annual subsidies

Polaris solar PV net news: the “Twelve-Five” period PV installed capacity annual average growth rate of 178%, generating average annual growth of 219%, bringing subsidies along with growing demand, through annual management scale of the adjustment and optimization of photovoltaic power generation, leading renewable energy subsidy funding gap, measures to ensure the sustained and healthy development of new energy. From 2014, the National Energy Board annual construction management of photovoltaic power generation project, yearly annual construction scale in the issue. Incorporated into the annual construction of the PV power station, with national renewable energy fund benefits qualifications; distributed PV without limiting the scale of the project, built into the scope of subsidy. An annual construction management to guide regional optimization of PV power station construction sequence, may help reduce some provinces abandoned power contradiction, laid the Foundation for standard photovoltaic development.

PV electricity price, subsidy status

Benchmark price. Renewable energy project in accordance with the production time, implementation of the national development and Reform Commission, a clear benchmark price of the corresponding period. December 2015 in accordance with the national development and Reform Commission on improving the benchmark price for onshore wind energy photovoltaic Internet policy notice, introduction of photovoltaic power benchmark price with the price policy of gradually reducing the scale of development. PV on-grid price of coal-fired units on the ground benchmark price (including desulfurization, denitrification, dust) within part of the settlement by the local provincial power grid; higher parts be subsidized through the national renewable energy development fund.

Subsidy funds payment. Beginning in 2012, the Ministry announced five additional scholarships renewable electricity price list (“list of grants”), including the completion of the project before August 2013, have been granted funds of about 100 billion yuan. In January 2016, Ministry organizations declared the sixth instalment on the grid before the end of February 2015 project grants directory. Preliminary estimates, benefits outside of about 46 billion yuan has been put into operation projects funding needs.

Renewable electricity price levy additional standards. End of 2015, the national development and Reform Commission issued on reducing coal-fired electricity price and electricity price for industrial and commercial law, residential and agricultural production and other renewable electricity price surcharge levied on the electricity standard up from 1.5 cents per kilowatt hour in 2013 to 1.9 cents/kWh to meet before February 2015-grid project requirements after February 2015-grid project grant funds have not yet been implemented. Funds management process. July 2013, the State Council to promote the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry, improve the management of funds. A is in subsidies funds allocated object and process Shang, will zhiqian provincial financial sector by quarter pre dial to provincial grid enterprise, adjustment for by central financial by quarter pre dial to national grid, and South grid, grid Enterprise; II is in subsidies settlement way Shang, requirements on PV power station, grid enterprise and power enterprise by months full settlement, for distributed PV power, grid enterprise by electricity settlement cycle timely paid subsidies funds.

“Thirteen-Five” demand subsidies and to ease congestion

Subsidy funding needs. Under the National Energy Board is developing renewable energy “Thirteen-Five” development plan, as well as solar and wind power “Thirteen-Five” development plan Plan 2020 PV 150 million kW, 250 million kilowatts of wind power. Reference “Twelve-Five” price range, PV annual down 0.03 Yuan/kWh, wind down 0.02 Yuan per year per kilowatt hour, according to the new benchmark coal price change calculation, “Thirteen-Five” subsidies needs about 600 billion yuan for the period. If renewable energy electricity price surcharge unchanged when standard 0.019/kW, about 430 billion yuan may be levied, subsidy funding gap of about 170 billion yuan.

Subsidy funding gap channel. First, raise additional renewable electricity price standards. To ensure that the subsidy funds to support new energy scale, we recommend “Thirteen-Five” price surcharge during standard, up from 0.03 Yuan/kWh, and scope will be extended to residential and agricultural production, and all electrical power. After 2020, gradually cut electricity prices an additional levels in 2030, photovoltaic power generation no longer needs subsidies. Second, clear renewable electricity price adjustment mechanism for the dynamic. The “Thirteen-Five” period, according to the renewable energy generation technology and cost reduction, in order to protect the level of industrial development of basic rate of return, combined with the annual scale of renewable energy added to establish renewable electricity price adjustment mechanism for the dynamic. According to PV 2025 electricity price level with the sale price, 2030 parity goals, clearly decreasing price levels of specific criteria. Third, adjust the subsidy period. At present, renewable energy generation projects for a period of 20 years. To consider new projects, according to its technological advancement and earnings, before the loan repayment is completed, benchmark prices for electricity generated by renewable energy Internet acquisitions; after you complete the loan servicing, adjusting to new benchmark coal price acquisitions, which guarantees reasonable economic benefits of the project owners, and ensure the effective use of subsidy funds.

PV annual scale management mode research

In order to meet the “Thirteen-Five” PV development goals, combined with the PV price and subsidy funds, following several management models:

Classification of annual construction management. Since 2014 annual construction of the photovoltaic power generation based on classification management 2016 National Energy Council. Includes: one is an open-ended scale PV projects. Use their building roofs, walls and subsidiary premises construction of photovoltaic power generation projects, as well as all the spontaneous use of PV power plant project on the ground. Second, common PV power plant project. Issued by the National Energy Board to the provinces year new construction scale, regions are encouraged to take public bids, competitive selection competitive manner common PV power plant project. Three leads is PV technology demonstration bases. Annual construction of the National Energy Board issued separately, in principle, the base in the city for units, the planning capacity of not less than 500,000-kilowatt. Coordinated by the Energy Department organized construction, base station within the investor of the project should be determined by market competition. Competitive allocation of items the on-grid price bidding as an important competitive edge. Electricity price shall not exceed the new benchmark local PV price levels.

Analysis: the construction scale and timing patterns conducive to the country’s macro-economic control, mobilize the enthusiasm of the local photovoltaic power generation project construction. The model provides for an annual scale photovoltaic power plant, with State renewable energy funds benefits qualification, but annual construction scale and national renewable energy subsidies not directly related, unable to ease the subsidy funding gap. Since local governments are only concerned about the annual construction scale, subsidies imposed pressure borne by the State, subsidy funds insufficient, owners unable to get the expected benefits of the project.

Annual construction subsidies and manpower management. Annual construction management model based on considering the annual subsidy funds, synchronous release annual construction and subsidies. Provinces during the reporting year the new construction plans, combined with the previous year’s subsidy funding requirements, determine the new construction. Reporting scale in reference to the province, the National Energy Board issued its annual capacity, synchronization of the Ministry issued an annual subsidy funds to subsidize the constraints of size, overall arrangement in the province, the province released the annual construction scale. Subsidy funding part of the country, by the provinces themselves.

Analysis: a model for national and local government are regulated by the construction scale and timing, for national and local governments to ease the subsidy funding gap for the coordination, promotion of sustainable development of photovoltaic power generation. But some provinces receive State subsidies financial constraints for the development of PV power generation projects, raise subsidy funding pressure.

Annual new construction and pricing flexibility to adjust mode. Reference Germany model for different annual capacity, flexible PV on-grid price: Germany set PV on-grid price benchmark rate cut, added 3.5 million-kilowatt new annual installed capacity, on-grid prices 9%. If installed over 3.5 million-kilowatt, beyond 1 million-kilowatt, on-grid prices lowered further, 3%, Supreme, down to 24% if installed under 2.5 million-kilowatt, 500,000-kilowatt, electricity prices have dropped by 2.5%. In addition, Germany to introduce market-oriented subsidy mechanism. No longer full subsidies for renewable energy, but renewable according to the previous month the market trading price of fixed subsidies and market trading bonus calculated as the difference, sets management bonuses to encourage renewable energy joined the competition, eventually renewable energy benefits as “market income + bonus + market trading management bonuses”.

Analysis: which can effectively alleviate the underfunding of renewable energy subsidies, as well as for PV investors to create a long-term and stable investment environment, conducive to the rational use of photovoltaic power generation development scale. Electric power system reform pilot explore. In the electric power system reform pilot area, explore innovative photovoltaic power management mode. Benchmark price on the Internet, combined with the development and utilization of renewable energy in the National Energy Board to establish objectives guide the system’s guidance, establishing quotas and green certificate trading scheme to encourage PV companies involved in direct power-purchase deal, according to the price level of direct power-purchase deal, a modest reduction renewable energy subsidies.

Analysis: power reform, integrated in the overall design to renewable energy development needs, according to local conditions the balance renewable construction scale and subsidy funds. Because there is no experience to follow, and pilot testing of the effect to be, needs to be adjusted according to the implementation step by step improved.

Original title: PV study on annual scale management and subsidies

Polaris solar network on May 20 2016 news review

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar PV NET concluded May 20 news, Peng Xiaofeng, or the return of the King return to Sunway LDK! And the Motech, China and Crystal for Sino-American double reverse reconsideration the respondent short-term market conditions impact small, SunEdison: renewable power road to destruction, as follows:

Peng Xiaofeng, or the return of the King return to Sunway LDK!

Motech, China and Crystal for Sino-American double reverse reconsideration the respondent has little short-term market shocks

SunEdison: renewable power road to destruction

Hanwha Q CELLS release Q1 financial results: revenues decreased by 27%

Demand is slowing PV industry will enter the off-season

Flyover district of Jinan City, Shandong province, national development and Reform Commission to develop photovoltaic poverty alleviation scheme

18 poor counties in Shaanxi Province’s 1932 poor village PV poverty alleviation

Japan economy, trade and industry drew attention to prevent flying panels to do before the typhoon season to check

India Solar installed capacity breakthrough 7GW

Denmark: energy in small countries “great ambition”

2016 global development growth will begin to slow

Netherlands is how wind the Green electric power certificate?

Renewable energy affordable to buy utilization hours forecast

PV Thirteen Five spelling short scale subsidy policy as a matter of urgency

Polaris solar PV net news: recently, the International Energy Agency photovoltaic power systems programme (IEAPVPS) and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) were released on photovoltaics and renewable energy-related reports and statistical data. IEAPVPS data show 2015 global PV installed capacity from 48.1GW to 50GW, by the end of 2015, global cumulative installed capacity has reached 227GW. IRENA according to 2015 the global installed capacity 47GW, as of 2015, cumulative global PV installed capacity at the end of 222GW. China 15.13GW of installed capacity, 43.18GW cumulative installed capacity as the global PV installed capacity led the world’s largest countries. According to the national program of 2015-2020 Thirteen-Five solar (draft for soliciting opinions), Thirteen-Five planning period PV cumulative installed capacity should reach 150GW including 70GW distributed 80GW centralized power plants.

This draft, the NDRC Energy Research Institute researcher Wang Sicheng told reporters: “this plan still in consultation have yet to be announced, from the installed capacity of existing national policies and domestic situation, almost impossible to accomplish this goal. PV installed capacity ranks the first in China, but there are still many issues that need policy support for the development, in order to achieve a long way away. ”

Installing surge of the problems lurking behind

On April 22, the National Energy Board releases data, first quarter of the year, national new PV installed capacity 7.14 million-kilowatt. Among them, the PV power station 6.17 million-kilowatt, distributed PV 970,000-kilowatt. This means that new increases in the first quarter of this year, reached in 2014 all new (10.6 million-kilowatt) near 70%, new in 2015 (15.13 million-kilowatt) by nearly half.

Researcher at the Energy Research Institute, national development and Reform Commission Wang Sicheng said in an interview with the China economic information, since the second half of 2015, China’s solar industry PV electricity price subsidy by the State will begin on June 30, 2016 reduced impact of market sentiment appears under the effect of installing rebounded more than expected, resulting in 2016 set off the wave of installing a climax in the first half.

This price cut, great wall Green believes that the price cut had slight influence on future yield of photovoltaic power stations, but did not change the whole photovoltaic power plant is a better judge of such fixed income.

“Although China’s PV industry whether it is production or from the installed capacity, are in an absolutely leading position in the global market, however, the current PV market in China is still facing a lot of problems. “Wang Sicheng says,” one is subsidized funding deficiencies. Additional renewable electricity price per kWh of electricity before 2015-1.5 per cent, every year a national collection of 40 billion yuan. If the wind power installed capacity by 2020 200GW, PV for 150GW calculated on the total amount, 2016-2020 capital needs at least 150 billion yuan of subsidies each year. Currently of levy funds far enough (each degrees electric levy 1.9 points, annual levy 60 billion yuan); II is subsidies funds arrears serious, as 2015 end of, wind electric and PV subsidies arrears funds has up to 40 billion yuan, most long arrears cycle for 3 years; three is West abandoned light serious, 2014 West abandoned wind abandoned light total 20 billion degrees, 2015 more serious; four is thermal power and can renewable energy compete for market phenomenon serious, 2014 thermal power added installed 40GW,2015 years thermal power added installed 63GW, are over wind electric and PV installed of total. ”

In addition, according to the National Energy Board releases PV installed capacity figures for the first quarter, which distributed 13% per cent of total PV installed capacity. As of 2015, distributed 6.06GW the total installed capacity in China, there are less than 5 years time, and the national Thirteen-Five solar 2015-2020 under (draft for soliciting opinions) 70GW pointed out that by far. Wang Sicheng said in an interview, “distributed under construction, in addition to a big power plant construction problems encountered, there are a lot of problems, such as building roofs are not easy, and building owners there is a certain risk. Under the existing policy, only to abandon the light too serious, large-scale power station cannot be built and distributed will be developed. ”

Ultra high voltage and energy go hand in hand

PV scale in addition to the upper reaches of the large capacity, and is still the most critical downstream photovoltaic applications. For most solar investors, however, the electricity generated by the PV to dissolve in two ways: UHV transmission and storage.

Ultra high voltage, with the progress of the construction of UHV in China and the national development and Reform Commission guaranteeing the purchasing management of the renewable energy power generation in full force, currently restricting the development of PV power station abandoned the solution is expected to get some light. “Essentially, our photovoltaic disposal light is also the problem area does not match the demand and supply of electric power, solar, wind conditions in the Northwest, PV installed capacity volume is very large, but sparsely populated, the manufacturing shortage of leading electricity can’t dissolve on the spot. “Wang Sicheng told reporters of the China economic information, if it solves the problem of thermal power to launch, the electricity generated by the PV is completely dissolve.

“Discarding light and power operating mechanism, under the influence of the various interests and renewable power generation policy of priority to full implementation. “On April 26 at the” 2016 solar leaders Summit Forum of China “, the Hou Shouli, head of the price Department of the NDRC’s pricing Division,” said China is vigorously promoting reform of electricity prices, solar power as the new power type requires on the one hand the Government continues to support and encourage the development, from a long-term point of view, on the other hand, will also go to market, participation in the market. Present post subsidy for photovoltaic subsidy mechanism, and electricity market reform to the practical problem of convergence, so consider changing it for the Internet standard electricity prices by local coal-fired generator sets new benchmark pricing or market prices, subsidies and quota consists of two parts. ”

In the storage building, large scale energy storage used in pumped storage power station in Northwest drought to large-scale implementation of water shortage, and the country also does not have a corresponding to energy policy, just waiting for some existing storage equipment costs come down gradually promote “energy + energy” new model. In terms of power transmission channels, due to the Northwest and the electricity demand is far greater Southeast, long-distance transmission losses and transmission costs are quite high, the traditional transmission channels unable to solve this problem.

For at this stage China Northwest power more serious of abandoned light problem, wall country Swiss think, need from following three a aspects to: first, according to can renewable energy power supportability acquisition approach, on must lines of PV power volume local grid be guarantees sex acquisition, part solution local elimination na of problem; second, guide private capital vigorously into storage can power station construction field, improve storage can equipment efficiency and reduced units storage can cost; again, promoted special high pressure transmission channel construction, Reduce the cost of long distance transmission losses and transmission.

In 2016, the Chinese photovoltaic leader Summit, Hou Shouli, head of the price Department of the NDRC pricing Division also revealed that government research for renewable energy to dissolve, price of energy development policy. This means that the energy industry will be an important area of Government support.

Reverse transmission enjoy benchmark pricing

In 2016, the Chinese photovoltaic leader Summit, Liang Zhipeng, Deputy Director of the National Energy Board new Energy Division said, except through reforms to tackle the West abandon power also enables distributed PV to deal directly with users, transmission prices given the more favorable conditions, promote the development of PV in East.

In 2013, the national related ministries enact policies for distributed solar power projects in accordance with 0.42/kWh subsidy. Therefore, distributed solar power generation grid pattern “spontaneous use, more than power”, “full Internet” two modes. “Spontaneous use, more than power” mode, the power part electricity price = local desulfurized coal-electricity price + 0.42/kWh + local subsidies, 0.42 Yuan/kWh, as State subsidies, subsidies for 20 years in a row. “Full access” model, benchmarking prices = local power desulphurization power price + balance + 0.42 Yuan/kWh, desulphurization power price part paid by the network, 0.42 kWh of electricity subsidies are State financial subsidies for distributed PV projects, while its gap filled by local governments.

“Now national anti-transmission also adhere to the local power grid desulphurization power price + 0.42/kWh, this transmission enjoy internationally agreed anti-benchmarking pricing inconsistencies, have curbed the photovoltaic investor enthusiasm for distributed. “Wang Sicheng stressed,” because even if the roof is good, usual price is very high, but when it comes to holiday break. Han have nearly a year one-third day of rest, rest day, Han can only reverse transmission, but transmission value is very low. If transmission enjoy benchmark price, anyway, is the benchmark for all Internet prices, as long as the spontaneous use, earn more, also solve the worries for PV investors. ”

Believe in the future, benefit from policy, science and technology progress and innovation of business models, and other positive factors, PV scale can break through bottlenecks, successful completion of transformation and upgrading to achieve maximum benefits.

Original title: PV scale subsidy policy boards

Netherlands is how wind the Green electric power certificate

Polaris solar network: proposal of the national energy administration, China recently said that China is planning to build a “green certificates” trading market, to promote the development of renewable energy and renewable energy consumption by 2020, China of non-hydroelectric renewable power to dissolve percentage reaches 9%. As the European side bridgehead of the Netherlands since the late 90 spontaneously established a system of green certificates trading.

According to the “Netherlands online” BBC, more than 10 years of exploration and practice, formed the Netherlands quite sound and rigorous system of green certificates, their production and sale of renewable energy production and sales are booming. Today we have certificate concepts prevailing soil aspects, price and certificates, you see Netherlands how people do wind and green power certificates.

What is the green certificate?

Green certificates (Green Certificate) or renewable energy certificates (Renewable Energy Certificates,RECs), also known as green tags, tradable renewable energy certificates or green certificates in Europe. It is a kind of green that can be freely traded on the European market indices commodity. Specialized accrediting agency issued to every 1000-kilowatt hours of renewable electricity a proprietary coding to prove their effectiveness. Namely 1 MW of green electricity certificate equivalent to 1 green indicator.

Historically famous Netherlands windmill was first used wind water mill, but the low-lying Netherlands lack of hydropower and geothermal, Netherlands new energy to wind power, solar power and biomass-fired. The late 90 Netherlands spontaneity establishes a green certificate trading systems, promotion of green electricity, aimed at promoting the Netherlands the development of renewable energy industries.

In recent years Netherlands customers growing demand for green certificates. In 2008, the Netherlands home users who are purchasing green electricity accounted for 38% users, 44% 2010, the family rate is over 66%.

Netherlands green electricity green and not too expensive

Such a high proportion of the Netherlands home users, objective due to the Netherlands reached ash green electricity prices (from fossil fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas) prices, in addition to Netherlands outside its own high cost of offshore wind power, green power, a growing number of green package monthly prices with grey convergence, even cheaper.

Netherlands local energycomparison.nl sites for Netherlands family Fuse 28 electricity supplier, monthly package price comparisons, structural analysis of green electricity of an open platform. Through the input size, power valuation, you can refer to the recommended options, for example, is often recommended PureEnergy and GreenChoice small power companies, are marked 100% on the green flag, stand up to third party verification. Their price even more gray than some State-owned enterprises to provide monthly packages offer. These 100% Green small company projects and reduce operating cost and other reasons, whether fixed or floating price, many times cheaper than traditional electric power company. Cheap green green electricity packages, no wonder the Netherlands people like Wu.

Prevalence of green credentials soil

Netherlands the green certificates system after more than 10 years of development, the blowout trend. Green certificates in the Netherlands the secret of prevailing, there is the following important factors:

1. the liberalization of energy markets. Before 2004, the Netherlands consumer cannot choose energy suppliers, Netherlands energy market is divided into several areas, each area has a fixed energy suppliers, entirely based on the Netherlands Government-controlled electricity monopoly. Netherlands only four energy suppliers: Essen, ENECO,Nuon and Delta. In 2004, marked the Netherlands liberalization of energy market boundaries. In other words, after Netherlands power consumers can be free to choose their own electricity supplier in the market, and is not bound by the Government for Central arrangement of exclusive supplier in the region. If the consumer is not satisfied with the current electricity provider, you can switch to another vendor. Created by activity, especially private capital entering the power sector, intense competition between old and new business. Energy supplier’s motivation is to attract and retain customers, so more attention to customer satisfaction.

2. mandatory Internet access and subsidies. Following the liberalization of energy markets, new energy force and subsidy mechanisms exist side by side. Netherlands the power grid is not a single, but by the coexistence of five regional grid operators. For new energy projects to apply for Internet access, regardless of project size, and Netherlands grid to grid as soon as possible and provide priority. Since 2003 Netherlands Government for new energy projects to give different prices for different types of subsidies. Subsidies on price changes every year, but it is also because the Government guaranteed direct price subsidies, rising star of the offshore wind and solar projects from small to big, one of the energy market profits and growing.

3. independent certification system. Early in 1997, the Netherlands power companies created spontaneously between a green certificate trading systems, it advocated the user voluntarily buy the pricey green electricity for the system. July 2001 Netherlands Government and energy industry associations to create a green label issue system (GreenLabel), which consists of a central registry database, composed of central oversight bodies and certification bodies. While energy companies reached an agreement with government departments, in addition to green electricity market, Netherlands all energy companies must undertake to meet certain renewable energy quota. Since 2004, Netherlands or Europe certification recognized CertiQ Agency, Parties provided assurances of the green certificates for the power source of green electricity certificate (GoOs). The Netherlands CertiQ institutions designated by the Government, its main certification of solar energy, wind power, hydroelectricity and biomass four specific sources of green electricity. Mark Green certificate of proof of origin issued in electronic form, become the Netherlands the only valid documents for production of green electricity. CertiQ issue green certificates can be traded within the EU as a whole, their pricing is transparent and close to the people and be widely accepted by the market. Through the registration and issuance, transfer and cancellation of train service, green certificates through all aspects of production, trade, acquisition and use of electricity. When the green indicator is purchased by the final consumer, it will log out from a central database, in order to ensure no longer repeat sales. Green certificates made separate physical attributes of green electricity from its environmental benefits, and makes green power without a physical connection and the Exchange can be realized fast trading. Netherlands through the Green tag system, the voluntary purchase of green electricity mechanism and renewable energy quota system that combines two systems together and provide a strong impetus for the development of green electricity.

4. social consciousness and the formation of the consumer environment. Netherlands large enterprise users proceed with compulsory purchase of green electricity index reached about 25% of national green electricity use, as consumers become 75% of the family around the team. The green power industry for more than 10 years for Netherlands consumers related to the cultivation, but also with the Netherlands the environmental protection of the people and an awareness of climate-energy can not be separated. The past few years Netherlands green certificates continue to break records, regardless of family or business users are more concerned with power sources and power consumption impacts on the living environment. Or even 2015 years cancelled green certificate 12.5% in previous years, led to the local green power indicator is not enough, from Norway to buy from Norway Hydro’s green credentials to fill. Because the Netherlands Government in the promotion of new energy development enough, 2014 Netherlands only 5.5% of electricity comes from renewable sources, among the EU ranks second; Netherlands Governments support the EU 2020 emissions 20% of climate policies, but its national legislation determines the minimum 14% 2020 emissions reduction targets and Netherlands Government Netherlands Urgenda institutions nearly 900 Netherlands person to small claims court. 2015, mingaoguan climate of lawsuit in the Netherlands against the Government. Netherlands consumer by way of mingaoguan and direct purchase of green electricity, bottom forced the Government to adopt positive measures to develop new sources of energy, pollution and climate change on the Netherlands side effects.

Netherlands green certificate reference to China

Netherlands green credentials after many years of practice, through the liberalization of energy markets, and perks for green electricity producers to force Internet, through an independent certification system, motivate each other at both ends through green electricity consumption and production patterns. It is the adjustment of a country’s energy structure, promoting renewable energy industry sustainable development tool.

Last year, China’s installed capacity of wind turbines, photovoltaic, both creating the world’s first, access to new sources of energy to the national grid scale is also ranked first in the world. With the increase in total energy consumption in China is slowing, China’s green electricity trends will have a qualitative change by the quantity, so as to increase the share of green electricity in the total energy mix. China climate conference in Paris raised non-fossil energy accounted for by 2030 the share of primary energy consumption target of 20%, the green certificate system can help them as soon as possible.

Green electricity on the development goals, Beijing walking in front of businesses and people, rigorous independent’s green credentials but also improve the business and civil society environmental consciousness of a good book.

Original title: Dutch media: why do so many Netherlands people want a “green certificate”?

Polaris solar network on May 19 2016 news review

Polaris solar PV net news: Polaris solar PV NET highlights summary on May 19, the Audit Commission report 132 million photovoltaic solar project in Ningxia has been built, Hubei provincial energy Bureau adjusted allocation in 2014 and 2015 PV scale target, remaining power quotas and green certificate trading crack renewable energy policy bottlenecks, as follows:

Audit Commission informed 132 million photovoltaic solar project in Ningxia has been built

Adjustment of Hubei Provincial Bureau of energy allocation in 2014 and 2015, PV power station remaining scale indicator

Crack renewable generation quotas and green certificate trading policy bottlenecks

GCL PV integration by the Shenzhen Stock Exchange inquiries “dark horse” what is the problem?

Photovoltaic building integration problems and solutions

PV industry how to come out of its “winter”?

PV land and cultivated land disputes between farmers on how to avoid?

2016 China PV research on pro-poor policies and models

Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province: PV town new town bar

Electricity price cut PV comes up to?

Complete detailed calculation of State subsidy policy and subsidy income in Hebei province

Villa roof-mounted PV power plant needs to pay attention to?

Coal prices dive Thailand King of coal power in China to buy solar power