Polaris solar PV net news: recently, the State Forestry Bureau in Henan, Sichuan Provincial Forestry Department issued on PV power station construction using reply on forest-related issues (hereinafter referred to as the response), stipulates that for the forests of natural forest resource protection project, according to a local photovoltaic industry development plan for the construction of photovoltaic power plants.
It is understood that in December 2015, the State Forestry Administration issued the notice on PV power station construction use of forest-related issues (hereinafter “153th”) clearly states that, for forest resource survey identified woodland and the second national land survey identified as unused land can be “Lin Guang complementary” mode.
National forests were clear for the first time can be used for PV power station construction. The reply further open forests to development and construction of photovoltaic power plants idled, “Lin Guang complement each other” and sends a very positive signal.
Promoting the development of PV in the forests
There was ridicule of the industry: “build a PV solves the problem, other problems are solved. “Was not to be denied, and now does for PV building tension for a long time, no exploitation of forests to build photovoltaic power plant, for the land of the PV is a very good thing.
Early in 2013, State in introduced of on promote PV industry health development of several views in the on clear proposed, on using Gobi wasteland, not using land construction PV power project of moderate tilt, addition, in September 18, 2015, national development reform Board, six ministries in introduced of on support new industry new industry State development promote mass venture peoples innovation with to of views in the also clear proposed, PV, and wind power, project can using Gobi, and desert, and grass to, not using land.
“153th, before the introduction of this paper, although national and local unveiled a number of policies, but in practice, the Ministry of land and resources confirm that barren hills, waste land is unused, however in the Forestry Bureau is forests, which has some good policy cannot be born, makes the land dramatically increased the difficulty, costs increased sharply, pose serious obstacles for development and construction of photovoltaic power stations. “People in the industry told reporters, although many PV project approval procedures have been made before, but due to the project intending to use the wasteland” Forestry “problem lead to never start, and eventually ran aground, the developer’s enthusiasm has been.
Also, recently years, with West large PV ground power station abandoned light power, and grid elimination na, problem more serious, PV power station development began to in the East transfer of signs increasingly obviously, in conversion process in the must will suffered woodland, due to has long should be woodland became PV power station developers not hit of red, many PV investors are had is expected to “forest” sigh of experience, must degree Shang effect has PV East into of process.
Based on the above reasons, the State Forestry Administration launched “153th”, now in the reply and let go of the natural forest protection region of forests, no doubt these policies together will accelerate the development of PV in the forests.
Individuality and commonness of the development problems faced
This reporter has learned that “153th” appeared for the first time, “Lin Guang complementary” formal reference, this reference is derived from “complementary”, now “complementary Lin Guang” at the initial stage, but in the development of personality and common issues emerged.
In accordance with the “complementary” standards organizations in agricultural greenhouse, fish ponds and tidal flats above the PV modules, but forestry and agriculture form is obviously different personalities, according to the regulation, forests combined with photovoltaic industry, first of all to dominated by forests, looking for the right model to promote solar power plant construction on the ground. In addition, the forests, if it does not change the nature of land use, in very vague and lack of guidance on the specific operation.
“According to the ‘153 ‘, as long as the coverage rate of less than 30%, both tall trees and low shrubs can be used as solar power plants, the paper issued a ‘ Lin Guang complementary ‘ has taken an important step, but without changing the nature of the land-use cases, how to deal with the large trees in the area, or low shrubs, photovoltaic panels on how to plant trees, these specific issues are all still have more room for action, once the poor coordination with the forestry sector, Enterprise construction of photovoltaic power stations on the ground of the forest are still struggling. “The participation of a” complementary Lin Guang “project enterprise official said to reporters was moved to.
Common problems such as development costs are high, and it is “complementary” one of the challenges faced.
According to understand, last year December, Treasury and national forestry Council in joint released of on adjustment forest vegetation recovery fee levy standard guide save intensive using woodland of notification in the clear provides: should be woodland of increase standard by each square meters 2 Yuan adjustment for not below 3 Yuan, shrubs woodland, and sparse woodland, and not into forest made woodland is by each square meters 3 Yuan adjustment for not below 6 Yuan.
Reporters an account, with one mu of forests of 666 square meters, 3 Yuan per square meter calculation, this will cost nearly 2000 RMB/year lease cost 2 Yuan per square metre increased by about 50% than before. This PV power station construction on the already small profit margins are negative.
Successful experiences could be used
Though faced with many problems, but some “complementary Lin Guang” pioneer still has accumulated many successful experiences elsewhere should really learn from these experiences.
As the nation’s first renewable energy demonstration area in Zhangjiakou, agreed last November by the State Forestry Bureau, Hebei provincial Department of forestry approved PV forestry pilot in the city.
To solution in “Lin Guang complementary” pilot area how species tree of problem, Zhangjiakou in PV forestry project implementation in the, first guarantee occupied woodland nature not change, according to afforestation area and PV power station area the 50% of proportion, in PV Board between and the PV Board Xia planting shrubs or Asia trees of way for construction, by planting of forest return original forest main all, in rental period within forest by enterprise management, rental period end Hou enterprise will woodland and the forest together transfer to forest main.
Today, “Lin Guang complementary” afforestation in Zhangjiakou, has become a unique pattern. At present, 8 counties in Zhangjiakou area of 16 companies photovoltaic forestry construction project, occupy forests 11300 acres, 5059 acres green task can be completed this year.
In addition, as the first of the new energy model city of Datong, advanced PV product applications and to promote industrial upgrading, implementation of the “Lin Guang complementary” model of integrated development.
It is understood that after comprehensive consideration, Datong city, decided in woodlands building with low standing crops in coal mining areas, “Lin Guang complementary” power plant and provides PV businesses in the forest floor before you start construction forest ecological restoration margin payments, standard for 3000 Yuan/MU, achieve the standard return of forestry ecological engineering and protection project of ecological restoration of funding requirements. This model to some extent reduce the cost construction of photovoltaic power stations on the ground in the forest, of sinkholes in coal mining areas and ecological construction has played an exemplary role. Tianzhen County, has been in the nanjiao district, and implemented a model project, and achieved positive results.
“Zhangjiakou, Datong and other specification for the successful experience of China’s photovoltaic power generation, clear forest land use conditions and standards provide important reference samples. Also for photovoltaic power generation in our country in the barren hills, unreclaimed land utilization and provides comprehensive benefits of eco-forestry plays an experience. “Experts at the national development and Reform Commission’s Energy Research Institute, told reporters.
Original title: “Lin Guang complementarity” can heat up?