Polaris solar PV net news: the “Thirteen-Five” will usher in the golden period of economic development in Tibet, huge reserves of clean energy face broken. However, excess power background, a series of constraints are unavoidable.
8:30 A.M., take the train from Lhasa to xigaze, the way West, going at a constant speed. Compartment with light rain, trains on both sides of the mountain is wrapped in mist, mountain green barley and rapeseed blooming complement each other. Between the two mountain peaks, you can sometimes see, devout Buddhists are pulling up the colorful prayer flags fluttering in the wind. After about half an hour, trains from crossing out of the tunnel, then appeared in front of the magnificent Brahmaputra. The waters of the river carried sand all the way down the shed on the Hill collection of large and small rivers in the river. Along the way, trains follow yajiang way upstream, up about 600 kilometers, is the source of the Brahmaputra Jie Ma Yangzong glacier.
Nearly 3000 km long Yarlung zangbo River is the plateau of China’s longest river, in the Tibetan language and Yarlung zangbo is “from heaven” meant, yajiang river bed elevation at more than 3000 meters above sea level, is the highest River in the world. Tributary of the Yarlung zangbo River large gap and concentrated, is rich in water reserves, second only to the Yangtze River and ranked second.
Yajiang was just one of many rivers in Tibet. In fact, many rivers and lakes in Tibet, Tibet Autonomous Region, according to the information provided by the Office of water resources, region-wide basin in Tibet area more than 10,000 square kilometers of river, 28, is larger than 1000 square kilometres of rivers there are 331, over 50 square kilometres of the nearly million. Rivers brings together a wealth of hydropower resources, the Chief Engineer of the State Department of water resources Zhou Jianhua said, theoretical potential of water resources in Tibet was 201 million kW, ranking first in the country.
Abundance of clean energy
Despite the unusually rich reserves of water resources in Tibet, but because of its ecological environment fragile, nature reserves and ecological function more, very few practical exploitation of water resources. At the end of June 2016, 2.43 million-kilowatt power total installed capacity in the autonomous region of Tibet, of which Hydro 1.68 million-kilowatt hydropower capacity accounted for less than 1% of its technology can be developed.
With the adjustment of energy structure, clean and renewable sources of energy are changing Tibet’s advantage in the future. The Energy Conference on Tibet held in Lhasa in late June, Deputy Director of the national development and Reform Commission, the State Energy Bureau, Noor-bekri said, the “Thirteen-Five” period, the Central and Tibet will speed up Tibet as a national clean-energy base and “West to East” continued base of the building.
“This will not only promote local economic and social development, and also increases the national strategic reserve of clean energy, and made positive contributions to adjust the energy structure of the State. “Noor-bekri said.
Tibet is an important barrier of national ecological security and strategic resources reserves in China, the Tibet Autonomous Region in the overall development of national energy strategies and ecological environmental protection in Tibet’s economic and social development, based on the multi-level development of the water resources concept. State Deputy Secretary for energy luobuciren told reporters, according to the “Thirteen-Five” at the end, planning power installed capacity will reach 4.6 million-kilowatt in Tibet, which is added to the existing installed base of about 2.2 million-kilowatt. “In the new machine, an estimated 790,000-kilowatt from photovoltaic, PV cumulative installed capacity of more than 1 million-kilowatt, the other about 1.38 million-kilowatt from hydro and other clean energy”, luobuciren said.
Deputy Chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region, said in an exclusive interview with Xinhua, “Thirteen-Five” is ushering in a new golden age of development in Tibet, between now and 2020, annual growth of Tibet’s economy will maintain 10%, the future demand for electricity will continue to rise, along with sending electricity from West to East, future clean energy development in Tibet.
Shen also stressed that Tibet is the third pole of the world outside of the Arctic and Antarctic, the “last piece of pure land in the world” in the world, relatively fragile ecological environment, hydropower development will be combined with economic development and social needs, national religious and ecological environmental protection, overall planning and unified management.
In order to protect the local ecology, more sustainable water resources development, 2014 hydropower planning and Design Institute of water resources in Tibet Autonomous Region of China on the region’s water resource distribution and utilization are comprehensive. Finally, in accordance with the prohibition of the development, control zone and focus zone divided into three levels, and designate a “red line” goals.
In addition to the rich hydropower resources, Tibet or light resources one of the richest areas in the world.
Tibet data provided by the Department of energy showed that currently, PV installed capacity of about 250,000-kilowatt in Tibet, with 12 projects under construction, is expected to reach 465,000 kilowatts by the end of this year. The “Thirteen-Five” period, solar power will become one of the most potential renewable energy in Tibet.
Energy in Tibet “Thirteen-Five” plans show that by 2020, solar on-grid PV power station will be built in Tibet more than 1 million-kilowatt, mainly in the district to dissolve. In addition, will actively promote the Shigatse photovoltaic Industrial Park building and research promoting the construction of Tibet qianwanqianwa-level photovoltaic industrial park.
National Energy Board policy green light for solar development in Tibet, and Al-bekri energy in Tibet work Conference made it clear that, “encouraging the development of Tibet solar energy in all its forms, on the premise of safety operation of power and does not abandon, not to set up photovoltaic power plant construction limited scale in Tibet. ”
Developed to dissolve the trapped
Favourable resource conditions and policies in Tibet, has attracted many investors to visit. In late July, from led by former Vice Mayor Zhao Gongqing, Chongqing, Chongqing Kunlun industrial lead organization, China Institute of water conservancy and hydropower and other agency’s mission is one of them. After a four-day inspection, Chongqing to Tibet Kunlun Industries Ltd Leili renewable energy development and water conservancy projects with confidence.
That, however, under the existing conditions, investment in Tibet still has a lot of practical problems are difficult to avoid.
Tibet, located on the plateau, and distant from the Mainland, Alpine hypoxia climate characteristics, construction is not only difficult for construction of hydropower projects, and high cost. “Hydroelectric power station in Tibet have certain competitive advantages, but with limited overall market competitiveness”, State Deputy Secretary for energy luobuciren said, “certain policy support from the State, you can improve the financial indexes of hydropower station and improve the market competitive power of hydropower station”.
In addition to high development costs, water accumulation area, generally located in the Valley, and the area is more fertile areas, hydropower station reservoir area covering compensation issues related to transfer personnel and religious facilities, sensitive and complex, there is also a considerable degree of difficulty.
If the above issues any hydropower project development process has different levels of existence, so the most difficult problem is not this. At present, the nationwide caused by excess power to dissolve hard plight of clean energy development will be Tibet’s biggest constraint.
In recent years, China’s rapid economic growth to enter a “new normal” growth rate of electricity consumption of the whole society and constantly setting new lows nationwide power surplus situation has been formed. First half of 2016, the country 2.78 trillion kWh of electricity consumption of the whole society, compared with only 2.7%, compared with 6,000-kilowatt and over 1.52 billion kilowatts in installed capacity of power plants across the country, rose 11.3%, exceed the growth rate of electricity consumption of the whole society of 8.6% in the same period.
This environment will severely restrict the development of clean energy in Tibet, because Tibet market smaller, large-scale development of renewable energy in Tibet, it is urgent to markets outside the region. “Tibet’s abundant clean energy, but to dissolve limited market now is in a relatively saturated in another area,” luobuciren said.
At present, Tibet maintained a fast growth in energy consumption, supply and demand basically balanced. Future economic growth will definitely have increased electricity consumption, but for the “three highs” banned, only 3 million of the total population of the regional market, future growth is also very limited power to dissolve.
Vice Chairman Kennedy gives another elimination proposals, Tibet’s clean energy future, in addition to local consumption and sent outside the Mainland, can also be delivered to India, and Nepal and other places, “these areas are not only short of power, and Tibet has geographical advantages. “Caine said.
Original title: clean energy in Tibet: “Thirteen-Five,” how to develop