Polaris solar PV net news: in recent years, the rapid expansion of solar energy utilization scale, technological progress and industrial upgrading to speed up, significantly reduce the cost, has become an important field of global energy transition. Solar energy development, National Energy Board has recently announced a “Thirteen-Five” plan shows that by the end of 2020, solar energy generation capacity of more than 110 million kilowatt, photovoltaic power generation installed capacity reached more than 105 million kW; solar thermal power installed capacity up to 5 million-kilowatt. Experts say that “Thirteen-Five” will be a critical period for the development of the solar industry, basic task of industrial upgrading, reduce costs, expand the application, implementation does not depend on State-subsidized marketing self-sustaining development.
On December 16, the power workers to check the quality of PV panels. Recently, Qinhuangdao city, Hebei province, yijia group-Ka construction limited roof grid-connected PV power plant put into operation. Xinhua News Agency reporter Yang Shiyao photography
Push for distributed PV
The “Twelve-Five” period PV installed capacity in China has had times of growth and became the world’s first photovoltaic power. But due to rapid photovoltaic installed capacity rise comes mainly from centralized power plants construction in the West, it also brought a series of elimination problems.
Vigorously promoting the development of distributed PV “Thirteen-Five” during the inevitable choice. The plan put forward by 2020, build 100 demonstration zone of distributed PV applications, 80% of new buildings in the industrial park roof, 50% has been building roof-mounted photovoltaic power generation. The development conditions of the industrial park, economic development zone, large industrial and mining enterprises as well as shopping malls, schools, hospitals and other public buildings, and implement unified planning rooftop PV projects. Solar energy resources high grid access to dissolve better in rural areas and small towns, promote the residents of rooftop PV project, resulted in a number of PV, PV, small town village.
“Abandoned power much of East and West due to the photovoltaic building uneven. “Optical operations chief Wang Chuanbang said weak industrial base in Western China, limited absorptive capacity, coupled with more traditional thermal power unit, power grids and other facilities is not perfect, it will easily create nest of electrical phenomena. This plan will include distributed PV development priorities, will undoubtedly further promote the development of distributed. Distributed PV roof shall not be limited to industry and commerce, and can extend to agricultural photovoltaic, your distributed application, and so on.
Expand “PV +” comprehensive utilization of engineering, head of the national energy Administration said, encourage the combination of barren hills and wasteland and shoaly land utilization, waste in coal mining areas of land management, agriculture, fisheries, aquaculture and other ways, according to local conditions of all types of “PV +” application engineering, promoting the integration of photovoltaic power generation and other industries, through the PV open up new ways for land use. Promote agricultural efficiency PV explores all kinds of agricultural development pattern, encourage agricultural facilities combined with modern and efficient photovoltaic power station construction.
To safeguard the healthy development of distributed PV, the planning requirements, combined with the electric power system distributed PV market trading, encouraged construction of PV power projects close to the load, access low-voltage electricity distribution network in the nearest to dissolve. Power enterprises should provide service for distributed PV grid connected operation, giving priority to eliminate distributed photovoltaic power generation, construction of parallel operation of distributed generation technology support system and organize distributed electricity trading.
PV carried out various ways poverty alleviation
PV economic benefit security and stability, energy conservation effect obvious, low operation and maintenance costs and other characteristics, accurate poverty especially in helping the disabled in poor precision advantage on, in recent years has become an important form of poverty in our country.
The plan suggested that “Thirteen-Five” period PV poverty alleviation in various ways, innovative photovoltaic models for poverty alleviation, primarily to address the filing state of incapacity to target poor, according to local conditions, by stages and in groups promoting photovoltaic projects for poverty alleviation in various forms, covering file set up card 2.8 million incapacity households, average cash revenue increase of 3000 Yuan a year per household.
As early as October this year, the National Energy Board issued the first batch of the total 5.16 million-kilowatt PV project. Among them, the village PV power plant amounts to 2.18 million-kilowatt, centralized power plants amounted to 2.98 million-kilowatt, covering Hebei, Shanxi, Liaoning, Jilin, Anhui, Jiangxi and other 14 provinces, about 20,000 poor villages.
Photovoltaic in national policies for poverty alleviation, driven by the positive results, but there are still many problems in practice. Wang Chuanbang told the Economic Journal, first of all, weak grid infrastructure in poor rural areas and lower load. Secondly, the lack of project development professionals in rural areas, resulting in PV power plant built component or line failure, affecting the power generation, resulting in loss of earnings.
“Photovoltaic encouraged by the State poverty relief construction power plant at village level, village-level power plants connected to the grid to hold less suitable land and meet the requirements of the installation or the roof is also an issue. “Jinko Vice President Qian Jing said,” there is no quality assurance of photovoltaic projects not only benefit the people, can also cause injury or economic loss. ”
PV project is essential for promoting the construction of accurate poverty reduction in China. In order to ensure smooth PV to poverty alleviation, the plan calls, distributed PV for rural power grid upgrading and poverty reduction project cohesion, ensuring that all electricity generated by photovoltaic project access, dissolve. Also, make sure that PV poverty reduction key equipment to meet advanced specifications and reliable quality, encourage the establishment of specialized platform of photovoltaic project for poverty alleviation of the company consolidated operations and monitoring, protection PV poverty reduction project long lasting reliable quality, stable performance and effectiveness.
Formation of solar-thermal power industry
Started as one of the first demonstration projects as well as the introduction of model pricing, poised for the solar thermal power industry, will become “Thirteen-Five” highlights in the field of solar energy utilization. The plan clearly, the “Thirteen-Five” period, the solar thermal power will cost less than 0.8 Yuan/kWh, higher efficiency of thermal power generation by solar energy, form the entire value chain integration capabilities.
This reporter has learned that “Twelve-Five” period, China’s larger breakthrough solar thermal power technology and equipment. Badaling 1 megawatt solar thermal power technology and system demonstration project was completed in 2012, 10,000-kilowatt Tower solar thermal generators in commercial operation of the first group to put into operation in 2013. Theoretical research on solar thermal power generation in China, technology development, equipment development and construction operation has accumulated some experience, the industrial chain formed, has the ability of industrialization.
However, China’s industrialization of solar thermal power generation ability is an indisputable fact. At present, solar thermal power generation has not yet been applied, in the design, construction, operation and maintenance link to lack of experience, in terms of core components and devices independent technological capability is not strong, industry chain need to be further improved. Meanwhile, solar thermal power generation cost compared to other renewable energy high, facing accelerated upgrading and greater pressure to reduce costs.
National Energy Council related head said, “Thirteen-Five” Qian half period, will active promoted 1.5 million-kilowatt around of solar hot power model project construction, summary accumulated construction run experience, perfect management approach and policy environment, validation localization equipment and the material of reliability; foster and enhanced system integrated capacity, master key core technology, formed equipment manufacturing industry chain, promote industry scale development and products quality improve, led production cost reduced, preliminary has international market competitiveness.
Large-scale development of solar energy industry, will strongly promote the development of local economy in transition. Experts estimate that the “Thirteen-Five” period, the solar industry’s contribution to China’s economic output will exceed one trillion yuan. Among them, the solar power industry’s contribution to China’s economic output will reach 600 billion yuan, with an average annual economy demands more than 120 billion yuan, synchronous drive electronics, new materials, advanced manufacturing, industrial developments such as the Internet.
Original title: Thirteen-Five “solar industry contribution to economy will exceed one trillion yuan in the period – the application of solar energy potential